Bookmark and Share

Explanation

Edited by Brad Weslake (New York University, Shanghai)
Related categories
Subcategories:
1010 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 1010
Material to categorize
  1. B. W. A. (1973). Causality and Scientific Explanation. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 26 (3):549-549.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Reuben Abel (1982). What is an Explanandum? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 63 (1):86.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Peter Achinstein (1981). Can There Be a Model of Explanation? Theory and Decision 13 (3):201-227.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Peter Achinstein (1977). What Is an Explanation? American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (1):1 - 15.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Robert Ackermann & Alfred Stenner (1966). A Corrected Model of Explanation. Philosophy of Science 33 (1/2):168-.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Michael G. Adelberg (1994). The Natural History of Explanation. Panurge Press.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Sue Allen (1997). Using Scientific Inquiry Activities in Exhibit Explanations. Science Education 81 (6):715-734.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Valia Allori (2010). Quantum Theory: A Philosopher's Overview. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (3):330-333.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. William P. Alston (1971). The Place of the Explanation of Particular Facts in Science. Philosophy of Science 38 (1):13-34.
    On the critical side it is argued that, contrary to a widespread view, the explanation of particular facts does not play a central role in pure science and hence that philosophers of science are misguided in supposing that the understanding of such explanations is one of the central tasks of the philosophy of science. It is suggested that the view being attacked may stem in part from an impression that the establishing of a general law is tantamount to the explanation (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. José Tomás Alvarado (2008). Conceptual Relativity and Structures of Explanation. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 95 (1):163-183.
    Hilary Putnam's doctrine of conceptual relativity sustains that there are many different incompatible, yet equivalent, descriptions of what have to be considered "the same" phenomena. This fact is reason to justify the idea that metaphysical realism is wrong and that a better general view of reality should be something like a "pragmatic realism." Putnam sustains further that the different incompatible and equivalent descriptions have to bear the same explanatory virtue. Here it is contended that there seems to be difficulties in (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Logique A. Analyse (1991). Non Monotonic Epistemic Aspects of Scientific Explanations Yao-Hua Tan. Logique Et Analyse 133:197.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Robert Andrew Ariel (1990). Scientific Law with Application to Scientific Explanation. Dissertation, University of Minnesota
    In the conviction that some problems in the philosophy of science arise from the use of inadequate metaphysical frameworks, the work begins with an outline of some features of the relation between metaphysics and sciences, and uses historical examples to illustrate inadequate metaphysics leading to scientific conundrums. One recurrent problem has been use of metaphysics which are 'dead', i.e. which lack an ontological category of activity. The work then proceeds to describe a minimal metaphysics which includes as one of the (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Jerrold L. Aronson (1969). Explanations Without Laws. Journal of Philosophy 66 (17):541-557.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Daniel Athearn (1994). Scientific Nihilism: On the Loss and Recovery of Physical Explanation. State University of New York Press.
    This book shows that the breakoff of narrative causal explanation in physics, although remarkable, is no basis for the negative view of scientific knowledge.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Daniel Richard Athearn (1989). Prospects for Causal Explanation Outside of Mechanism. Dissertation, University of Oregon
    This work is an attack on the standard neo-Humean conception of science in philosophy of science. The following pillars of this conception are targets of the critique: the claim that the role of causality in scientific explanation has been, or can be, superceded by scientific laws; the belief that a causal process can only be a disconnected, perhaps contiguous, series of events. ;In addition to attacking these explicit views, the work challenges the background assumption that causal explanations for basic phenomena (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Robert Audi (1981). Inductive-Nomological Explanations and Psychological Laws. Theory and Decision 13 (3):229-249.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. R. J. B. (1971). Explanation in the Behavioral Sciences. Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):141-141.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Kenneth Barber (1975). Symposium: Metaphysical Explanation. Metaphilosophy 6 (3-4):259-260.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Sergio Daniel Barberis (2012). Un Análisis Crítico de la Concepción Mecanicista de la Explicación. Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 38 (2):233-265.
    En este trabajo me propongo desarrollar un estudio crítico de la concepción mecanicista de la explicación científica. En primer lugar, argumento que la caracterización mecanicista de los modelos fenoménicos (no explicativos) es inadecuada, pues no ofrece un análisis aceptable de los conceptos de modelo científico y similitud, que son fundamentales para la propuesta. En segundo lugar, sostengo que la caracterización de los modelos mecanicistas (explicativos) es igualmente inadecuada, pues los análisis disponibles de la relación explicativa de relevancia constitutiva implican una (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Marcello Barbieri (2011). A Mechanistic Model of Meaning. Biosemiotics 4 (1):1-4.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Eric Barnes (1992). Explanatory Unification and the Problem of Asymmetry. Philosophy of Science 59 (4):558-571.
    Philip Kitcher has proposed a theory of explanation based on the notion of unification. Despite the genuine interest and power of the theory, I argue here that the theory suffers from a fatal deficiency: It is intrinsically unable to account for the asymmetric structure of explanation, and thus ultimately falls prey to a problem similar to the one which beset Hempel's D-N model. I conclude that Kitcher is wrong to claim that one can settle the issue of an argument's explanatory (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. John D. Barrow (2004). Mathematical Explanation. In John Cornwell (ed.), Explanations: Styles of Explanation in Science. Oxford University Press. 81--109.
  23. Thomas Bartelborth (1996). Scientific Explanation. In Wolfgang Balzer & Carlos Ulises Moulines (eds.), Structuralist Theory of Science: Focal Issues, New Results. Walter de Gruyter. 6--23.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Patrick K. Bastable (1968). The Nature of Explanation. Philosophical Studies 17:268-268.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Prajit Kumar Basu (1992). Scientific Explanation in the History of Chemistry: The Priestley-Lavoisier Debate. Dissertation, The University of Iowa
    In this dissertation, I attempt to understand Joseph Priestley's scientific beliefs. I describe his scientific practices, for the purpose of showing how they shed light on two key issues in philosophy of science: scientific explanation and hypothesis confirmation. I discuss these matters in the historical context of the eighteenth-century Chemical Revolution. ;In the first chapter, I discuss Priestley's view of causation and reconstruct his account of explanation as a species of what is now called 'contrastive' explanation. A contrastive explanation attempts (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Robert W. Batterman & Collin C. Rice (forthcoming). Minimal Model Explanations. .
    This article discusses minimal model explanations, which we argue are distinct from various causal, mechanical, difference-making, and so on, strategies prominent in the philosophical literature. We contend that what accounts for the explanatory power of these models is not that they have certain features in common with real systems. Rather, the models are explanatory because of a story about why a class of systems will all display the same large-scale behavior because the details that distinguish them are irrelevant. This story (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Benjamin Bayer (2000). Salmon, Wesley C. Causality and Explanation. Review of Metaphysics 53 (3):729-730.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. William Bechtel (2013). From Molecules to Behavior and the Clinic: Integration in Chronobiology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 44 (4):493-502.
    Chronobiology, especially the study of circadian rhythms, provides a model scientific field in which philosophers can study how investigators from a variety of disciplines working at different levels of organization are each contributing to a multi-level account of the responsible mechanism. I focus on how the framework of mechanistic explanation integrates research designed to decompose the mechanism with efforts directed at recomposition that relies especially on computation models. I also examine how recently the integration has extended beyond basic research to (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. William Bechtel, Understanding Biological Mechanisms: Using Illustrations From Circadian Rhythm Research.
    In many fields of biology, researchers explain a phenomenon by characterizing the responsible mechanism. This requires identifying the candidate mechanism, decomposing it into its parts and operations, recomposing it so as to understand how it is organized and its operations orchestrated to generate the phenomenon, and situating it in its environment. Mechanistic researchers have developed sophisticated tools for decomposing mechanisms but new approaches, including modeling, are increasingly being invoked to recompose mechanisms when they involve nonsequential organization of nonlinear operations. The (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. William Bechtel & Adele Abrahamsen (2005). Mechanistic Explanation and the Nature-Nurture Controversy. Bulletin d'Histoire Et d'pistmologie Des Sciences de La Vie 12:75-100.
    Both in biology and psychology there has been a tendency on the part of many investigators to focus solely on the mature organism and ignore development. There are many reasons for this, but an important one is that the explanatory framework often invoked in the life sciences for understanding a given phenomenon, according to which explanation consists in identifying the mechanism that produces that phenomenon, both makes it possible to side-step the development issue and to provide inadequate resources for actually (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Uwe Becker (1988). From Social Scientific Functionalism to Open Functional Logic. Theory and Society 17 (6):865-883.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Radim Belohrad & Zdenka Jastrzembska (2013). On the Application of the Methods of Scientific Justification and Explanation in Ethics. Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 20:5-23.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. A. Cornelius Benjamin (1941). Modes of Scientific Explanation. Philosophy of Science 8 (4):486-492.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Ruth Berger (1997). The Dynamics of Explanation: Mathematical Modeling and Scientific Understanding. Dissertation, Indiana University
    This dissertation challenges two prevalent views on the topic of scientific explanation: that science explains by revealing causal mechanisms, and that science explains by unifying our knowledge of the world. ;My methodological strategy is to compare our best current philosophical accounts of scientific explanation with evidence from contemporary scientific research. In particular, I focus on evidence from dynamical explanations, that is, explanations which appeal to nonlinear dynamical modeling for their force. Nonlinear dynamical modeling is a type of mathematical modeling which (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Roy Bhaskar (1980). Scientific Explanation and Human Emancipation. Radical Philosophy 26:16-28.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Lukas Bielik (2012). The Abductive Model of (Scientific) Explanation. Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19 (1).
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Alex Blum (1989). An Anomaly in the D-N Model of Explanation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (3):365-367.
    It is argued that the constraints placed on the non-law premisses of a D–N explanation are irrelevant to their function and will not salvage the deductive requirement from triviality.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Rens Bod (2007). Getting Rid of Derivational Redundancy or How to Solve Kuhn's Problem. Minds and Machines 17 (1):47-66.
    This paper deals with the problem of derivational redundancy in scientific explanation, i.e. the problem that there can be extremely many different explanatory derivations for a natural phenomenon while students and experts mostly come up with one and the same derivation for a phenomenon (modulo the order of applying laws). Given this agreement among humans, we need to have a story of how to select from the space of possible derivations of a phenomenon the derivation that humans come up with. (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Alisa Bokulich (2008). Can Classical Structures Explain Quantum Phenomena? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (2):217-235.
    In semiclassical mechanics one finds explanations of quantum phenomena that appeal to classical structures. These explanations are prima facie problematic insofar as the classical structures they appeal to do not exist. Here I defend the view that fictional structures can be genuinely explanatory by introducing a model-based account of scientific explanation. Applying this framework to the semiclassical phenomenon of wavefunction scarring, I argue that not only can the fictional classical trajectories explain certain aspects of this quantum phenomenon, but also that (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Alisa Bokulich (2012). Distinguishing Explanatory From Nonexplanatory Fictions. Philosophy of Science 79 (5):725-737.
    There is a growing recognition that fictions have a number of legitimate functions in science, even when it comes to scientific explanation. However, the question then arises, what distinguishes an explanatory fiction from a nonexplanatory one? Here I examine two cases—one in which there is a consensus in the scientific community that the fiction is explanatory and another in which the fiction is not explanatory. I shall show how my account of “model explanations” is able to explain this asymmetry, and (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. U. K. Bolton - (2003). Meaning and Causal Explanations in the Behavioural Sciences. In Bill Fulford, Katherine Morris, John Z. Sadler & Giovanni Stanghellini (eds.), Nature and Narrative: An Introduction to the New Philosophy of Psychiatry. Oup Oxford.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Melinda Bonnie Fagan (2012). The Joint Account of Mechanistic Explanation. Philosophy of Science 79 (4):448-472.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Franz Borkenau (1987). The Sociology of the Mechanistic World-Picture. Science in Context 1 (1).
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Seamus Bradley, Scientific Uncertainty: A User's Guide. Grantham Institute on Climate Change Discussion Paper.
    There are different kinds of uncertainty. I outline some of the various ways that uncertainty enters science, focusing on uncertainty in climate science and weather prediction. I then show how we cope with some of these sources of error through sophisticated modelling techniques. I show how we maintain confidence in the face of error.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. P. Braillard & C. Malaterre (eds.) (forthcoming). Explanation in Biology. An Enquiry Into the Diversity of Explanatory Patterns in the Life Sciences. Springer.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. David Braybrooke & Stephan Korner (1977). Explanation. Philosophical Quarterly 27 (106):74.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Ingar Brinck, Göran Hermerén, Johannes Persson & Nils-Eric Sahlin, Why Metaphysicians Do Not Explain.
    The paper discusses the concept of explanation in metaphysics. Different types of explanation are identified and explored. Scientific explanation is compared with metaphysical explanation. The comparison illustrates the difficulties with applying the concept of explanation in metaphysics.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Martin Bunzl (1993). The Context of Explanation.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. N. S. C. (1964). Studies in Explanation. Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):488-488.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. St Mc Call (1983). If, since and because. Logique Et Analyse 26 (3):309.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1010