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  1. Kathleen Akins (ed.) (1996). Perception. Oxford University Press.
  2. Tyler Burge (1986). Individualism and Psychology. Philosophical Review 95 (January):3-45.
  3. Keith Butler (1996). Content, Computation, and Individualism in Vision Theory. Analysis 56 (3):146-54.
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  4. Keith Butler (1996). Individualism and Marr's Computational Theory of Vision. Mind and Language 11 (4):313-37.
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  5. M. J. Cain (2000). Individualism, Twin Scenarios and Visual Content. Philosophical Psychology 13 (4):441-463.
    In this paper I address an important question concerning the nature of visual content: are the contents of human visual states and experiences exhaustively fixed or determined (in the non-causal sense) by our intrinsic physical properties? The individualist answers this question affirmatively. I will argue that such an answer is mistaken. A common anti-individualist or externalist tactic is to attempt to construct a twin scenario involving humanoid duplicates who are embedded in environments that diverge in such a way that it (...)
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  6. Martin Davies (1991). Individualism and Perceptual Content. Mind 100 (399):461-84.
  7. Frances Egan (1996). Intentionality and the Theory of Vision. In Kathleen Akins (ed.), Perception. Oxford University Press.
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  8. Frances Egan (1992). Individualism, Computation, and Perceptual Content. Mind 101 (403):443-59.
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  9. Robert Francescotti (1991). Externalism and Marr's Theory of Vision. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (June):227-38.
    According to one brand of 'externalism', cognitive theories should individuate mental content 'widely'--that is, partly in terms of environmental features. David Marr's theory of vision is often cited in support of this view. Many philosophers (most notably, Tyler Burge) regard it as a prime example of a fruitful cognitive theory that widely individuates the representations it posits. I argue that, contrary to popular belief, Marr's theory does not presuppose an externalist view of mental content.
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  10. P. S. Kitcher (1988). Marr's Computational Theory of Vision. Philosophy of Science 55 (March):1-24.
    David Marr's theory of vision has been widely cited by philosophers and psychologists. I have three projects in this paper. First, I try to offer a perspicuous characterization of Marr's theory. Next, I consider the implications of Marr's work for some currently popular philosophies of psychology, specifically, the "hegemony of neurophysiology view", the theories of Jerry Fodor, Daniel Dennett, and Stephen Stich, and the view that perception is permeated by belief. In the last section, I consider what the phenomenon of (...)
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  11. Basileios Kroustallis (2006). Content Individuation in Marr's Theory of Vision. Journal of Mind and Behavior 27 (1):57-71.
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  12. P. Morton (1993). Supervenience and Computational Explanation in Vision Theory. Philosophy of Science 60 (1):86-99.
    According to Marr's theory of vision, computational processes of early vision rely for their success on certain "natural constraints" in the physical environment. I examine the implications of this feature of Marr's theory for the question whether psychological states supervene on neural states. It is reasonable to hold that Marr's theory is nonindividualistic in that, given the role of natural constraints, distinct computational theories of the same neural processes may be justified in different environments. But to avoid trivializing computational explanations, (...)
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  13. Sarah Patterson (1996). Success-Orientation and Individualism in the Theory of Vision. In Kathleen Akins (ed.), Perception. Oxford University Press. 5--248.
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  14. Gabriel Segal (1991). Defence of a Reasonable Individualism. Mind 100 (399):485-94.
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  15. Gabriel Segal (1989). Seeing What is Not There. Philosophical Review 97 (April):189-214.
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  16. Lawrence A. Shapiro (1997). Junk Representations. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (3):345-361.
    Many philosophers and psychologists who approach the issue of representation from a computational or measurement theoretical perspective end up having to deny the possibility of junk representations?representations present in an organism's head but that enter into no psychological processes or produce no behaviour. However, I argue, a more functional perspective makes the possibility of junk representations intuitively quite plausible?so much so that we may wish to question those views of representation that preclude the possibility of junk representations. I explore some (...)
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  17. Lawrence A. Shapiro (1997). A Clearer Vision. Philosophy of Science 64 (1):131-53.
    Frances Egan argues that the states of computational theories of vision are individuated individualistically and, as far as the theory is concerned, are not intentional. Her argument depends on equating the goals and explanatory strategies of computational psychology with those of its algorithmic level. However, closer inspection of computational psychology reveals that the computational level plays an essential role in explaining visual processes and that explanations at this level are nonindividualistic and intentional. In conclusion, I sketch an account of content (...)
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  18. Lawrence A. Shapiro (1993). Content, Kinds, and Individualism in Marr's Theory of Vision. Philosophical Review 102 (4):489-513.
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  19. Arnold Silverberg (2006). Chomsky and Egan on Computational Theories of Vision. Minds and Machines 16 (4):495-524.
    Noam Chomsky and Frances Egan argue that David Marr.
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  20. William T. Wojtach (2009). Reconsidering Perceptual Content. Philosophy of Science 76 (1):22-43.
    An important class of teleological theories cannot explain the representational content of visual states because they fail to address the relationship between the world, projected retinal stimuli, and perception. A different approach for achieving a naturalized theory of visual content is offered that rejects the traditional internalism/externalism debate in favor of what is termed “empirical externalism.” This position maintains that, while teleological considerations can underwrite a broad understanding of representation, the content of visual representation can only be determined empirically according (...)
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  21. Wayne Wright, Individualism, Behavior, and Marr's Theory of Vision.
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