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  1. Richard Arneson, What Sort of Sexual Equality (If Any) Should Feminists Seek?
    The feminist critique of liberalism runs parallel to the Marxist critique of liberal equality and rights. In each case the objection is that a set of liberties and rights formally guaranteed for all does nothing to prevent unfair inequalities in substantive life prospects from burgeoning within this formally equal framework. Workers and capitalists are formally free to trade with each other on any mutually agreeable terms but the enormous disparities in ownership of property bring it about that workers are forced (...)
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  2. Gale S. Baker (1987). Is Equality Enough? Hypatia 2 (1):63 - 65.
    I am concerned that, in our quest to end discrimination, we as feminists may be concentrating too much on equality and ignoring more basic issues of social justice. I argue that we must not lose sight of where we as a society are going in the effort to make sure we all get there together. The primary goal, after all, is not simply for women to get what men have, but justice for all.
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  3. Linda Barclay (2013). Liberal Daddy Quotas: Why Men Should Take Care of the Children, and How Liberals Can Get Them to Do It. Hypatia 28 (1):163-178.
    The gendered division of labor is the major cause of gender inequality with respect to the broad spectrum of resources, occupations, and roles. Although many feminists aspire to an equality of outcome where there are no significant patterns of gender difference across these dimensions, many have also argued that liberal theories of social justice do not have the conceptual tools to justify a direct attack on the gendered division of labor. Indeed, many critics argue that liberalism positively condones it, presuming (...)
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  4. Yann Benétreau-Dupin & Guillaume Beaulac (forthcoming). Fair Numbers: What Data Can and Cannot Tell Us About the Underrepresentation of Women in Philosophy. Ergo.
    The low representation of women in philosophy (<30%) in English-speaking countries has generated much discussion, both in academic circles and the public sphere. It is sometimes suggested (Haslanger, 2009) that unconscious biases, acting at every level in the field, may be grounded in gendered schemas of philosophers and the discipline more widely and that actions to make philosophy a more welcoming place for women should address such schemas. However, existing data are too limited to fully warrant such an explanation, which (...)
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  5. Seyla Benhabib (2008). Parité: Sexual Equality and the Crisis of French Universalism. Hypatia 23 (4):220-225.
  6. Thom Brooks (2009). The Problem with Polygamy. Philosophical Topics 37 (2):109-22.
    Polygamy is a hotly contested practice and open to widespread misunderstandings. This practice is defined as a relationship between either one husband and multiple wives or one wife and multiple husbands. Today, 'polygamy' almost exclusively takes the form of one husband with multiple wives. In this article, my focus will centre on limited defences of polygamy offered recently by Chesire Calhoun and Martha Nussbaum. I will argue that these defences are unconvincing. The problem with polygamy is primarily that it is (...)
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  7. Birgit Christensen & tr Smith, Andrew F. (2005). Equality and Justice: Remarks on a Necessary Relationship. Hypatia 20 (2):155-163.
    : The processes associated with globalization have reinforced and even increased prevailing conditions of inequality among human beings with respect to their political, economic, cultural, and social opportunities. Yet—or perhaps precisely because of this trend—there has been, within political philosophy, an observable tendency to question whether equality in fact should be treated a as central value within a theory of justice. In response, I examine a number of nonegalitarian positions to try to show that the concept of equality cannot be (...)
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  8. Margaret Ann Denike (2007). Religion, Rights, and Relationships: The Dream of Relational Equality. Hypatia 22 (1):71-91.
    : This essay provides an analysis of the terms by which the question of extending civil marriage to same-sex couples has been posed, advanced, and resisted in Canada and the United States in the past few years. Denike draws on feminist theories of justice to evaluate the strategies and approaches of initiatives to reform the laws governing the state's recognition—and lack thereof—of personal relationships of dependency and care. She also examines the political opposition to such reforms and the challenges posed (...)
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  9. Carlos Manuel Coelho Duarte, José P. Esperança, José D. Curto & Maria C. Santos (2008). Do Discrimination and Segregation Subsist in Pay Policies? Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:23-34.
    This paper analyses the gender pay determinants between top and lower level of Portuguese employees. A relatively large data pool, for 2003, covering business functions hitherto neglected, sheds a new light into the factors that lead to the earnings of men and women. Our analysis combines human capital with internal-labour-markets theories. Our findings allow the identification of jobsegregation as one important source of the gender pay gap. Moreover, they confirm that earnings are determined by different factors and suggest a reasonable (...)
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  10. Avigail Eisenberg (2003). Diversity and Equality: Three Approaches to Cultural and Sexual Difference. Journal of Political Philosophy 11 (1):41–64.
  11. Gertrude Ezorsky (1977). Hiring Women Faculty. Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (1):82-91.
  12. Robyn Ferrell (2000). Copula: The Logic of the Sexual Relation. Hypatia 15 (2):100-114.
    : This paper argues that the slogans "A Woman's Right to Choose" and "The Personal is the Political" typify different traditions within feminist thinking; one emphasizing rights and equality, the other the unconscious and the personal. The author responds to both traditions by bringing together mind and body, and reason and emotion, via the figure of the copula. The copula expresses an alternative model of identity which indicates that value can be produced only in relation.
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  13. Jeffrey E. Foss (1996). Is There a Natural Sexual Inequality of Intellect? A Reply to Kimura. Hypatia 11 (3):24 - 46.
    The noted psychologist, Doreen Kimura, has argued that we should not expect to find equal numbers of men and women in various professions because there is a natural sexual inequality of intellect. In rebuttal I argue that each of these mutually supporting theses is insufficiently supported by the evidence to be accepted. The social and ethical dimensions of Kimura's work, and of the scientific study of the nature-nurture controversy in general, are briefly discussed.
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  14. Michael Fox (1982). Feminism and Philosophy Mary Vetterling-Braggin, Frederick A. Elliston, and Jane English, Editors Totowa, New Jersey: Littlefield, Adams, 1977. Pp. Xiv, 452. $7.95, paperFeminist Frameworks: Alternative Theoretical Accounts of the Relations Between Women and Men Allison M. Jaggar and Paula Rothenberg Struhl, Editors Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1978. Pp. Xiv, 333. $10.75, Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 21 (01):141-147.
  15. Laurie Gaughran (1998). Gender Reflection: Reconciling Feminism and Equality. Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (5):37-51.
    Recent feminist debates reveal a concern about the notion that equality is no longer a valuable ideal for feminist thinkers. Suspicious that equality represents sameness, feminists have leaned toward rejecting the ideal of equality and moved toward the recognition of differences among women as the guide of political judgement. In this article, equality is approached from a feminist perspective that does not conclude that identical sameness is the only reading of equality. Borrowing Rawls' notion of the moral person, I argue (...)
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  16. Karen Green (1986). Rawls, Women and the Priority of Liberty. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (supplement):26-36.
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  17. Paul Green (1987). The Logic of Special Rights. Hypatia 2 (1):67 - 70.
    Linda Krieger's paper in this volume relies on the concepts of "equal" and "special" rights, and I focus my attention upon the bivalent view of equality which justifies the creation of special rights. Krieger argues, I point out, that equality of effect is a fundamentally more just consideration than equality of treatment, and special rights allow disadvantaged groups to achieve this equality of effect.
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  18. Pamela Courtenay Hall (1993). From Justified Discrimination to Responsive Hiring: The Role Model Argument and Female Equity Hiring in Philosophy. Journal of Social Philosophy 24 (1):23-45.
  19. Christine James (1997). Feminism and Masculinity: Reconceptualizing the Dichotomy of Reason and Emotion. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 17 (1/2):129-152.
    In the context of feminist and postmodern thought, traditional conceptions of masculinity and what it means to be a “Real Man” have been critiqued. In Genevieve Lloyd's The Man of Reason, this critique takes the form of exposing the effect that the distinctive masculinity of the “man of reason” has had on the history of philosophy. One major feature of the masculine-feminine dichotomy will emerge as a key notion for understanding the rest of the paper: the dichotomy of reason-feeling, a (...)
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  20. Annabelle Lever (2001). Must Privacy and Sexual Equality Conflict? A Philosophical Examination of Some Legal Evidence. Social Research 67 (4):1137-1171.
    Are rights to privacy consistent with sexual equality? In a brief, but influential, article Catherine MacKinnon trenchantly laid out feminist criticisms of the right to privacy. In “Privacy v. Equality: Beyond Roe v. Wade” she linked familiar objections to the right to privacy and connected them to the fate of abortion rights in the U.S.A. (MacKinnon, 1983, 93-102). For many feminists, the Supreme Court’s decision in Roe v. Wade (1973) had suggested that, notwithstanding a dubious past, legal rights to privacy (...)
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  21. Annabelle Lever (2000). The Politics of Paradox: A Response to Wendy Brown. Constellations 7 (2):242-254.
    What role should rights play in feminist politics and the quest for equality? This article examines Wendy Brown's response to that question in her 'suffering rights as paradoxes' and shows that for all its merits, it draws our attention away from the central question of how to describe women's interests, given the many differences amongst women.
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  22. Joni Lovenduski (2007). Unfinished Business : Equality Policy and the Changing Context of State Feminism in Great Britain. In Johanna Kantola & Joyce Outshoorn (eds.), Changing State Feminism. Palgrave Macmillan.
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  23. Martha Nussbaum (2002). Introduction to the Symposium on Eva Kittay's Love's Labor: Essays on Women, Equality and Dependency. Hypatia 17 (3):194-199.
  24. Janet Sisson (1979). Can Sexual Discrimination Be Justified? Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):189-189.
  25. Mariana Szapuova (2006). Mill's Liberal Feminism: Its Legacy and Current Criticism. Prolegomena 5 (2):179-191.
    This paper highlights John Stuart Mill’s views on the problem of gender equality as expressed in The Subjection of Women, which is commonly regarded as one of the core texts of Enlightenment liberal feminism of the 19th century. In this paper, the author outlines the historical context of both Mill’s views and his personal biography, which influenced his argumentation for the emancipation of women, and considers Mill’s utilitarianism and liberalism, as the main philosophical background for his criticism of social conditions (...)
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  26. Lynne Tirrell (1993). Definition and Power: Toward Authority Without Privilege. Hypatia 8 (4):1-34.
    Feminists have urged women to take semantic authority. This article explains what such authority is, how it depends upon community recognition, and how it differs from privilege and from authority as usually conceived under patriarchy. Understanding its natures and limits is an important part of attaining it. Understanding the role of community explains why separatism is the logical conclusion of this project, and why separatism is valuable even to those who do not separate.
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  27. Alkeline van Lenning, Marrie Bekker & Ine Vanwesenbeeck (eds.) (1997). Feminist Utopias in a Postmodern Era. Tilburg University Press.
  28. Lucinda Vandervort (2013). HIV, Fraud, Non-Disclosure, Consent and a Stark Choice: Mabior or Sexual Autonomy? Criminal Law Quarterly 60 (2):301-320.
    The reasons for judgment by the Supreme Court of Canada on the appeal in Mabior (2012 SCC 47) fail to address or resolve a number of significant questions. The reasons acknowledge the fundamental role of sexual consent in protecting sexual autonomy, equality, and human dignity, but do not use the law of consent as a tool to assist the Court in crafting a fresh approach to the issue on appeal. Instead the Court adopts the same general approach to analysis of (...)
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  29. Karen Warren (1989). Reconceiving Feminism. Social Philosophy Today 2:135-146.
  30. Scott Wisor (2012). The World Development Report 2012: A Review. [REVIEW] Crop Poverty Brief.
    -/- The World Development Report 2012 "Gender Equality and Development" (GED), represents a new push to raise the profile of gender equality among a variety of official development actors. In this new CROP Poverty Brief Scott Wisor situates GED in the broader development context, discusses its key findings and some shortcomings and suggests how it should be used by advocates and allies concerned with eliminating gross gender injustice and global poverty.
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