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  1. Richard Arneson, What Sort of Sexual Equality (If Any) Should Feminists Seek?
    The feminist critique of liberalism runs parallel to the Marxist critique of liberal equality and rights. In each case the objection is that a set of liberties and rights formally guaranteed for all does nothing to prevent unfair inequalities in substantive life prospects from burgeoning within this formally equal framework. Workers and capitalists are formally free to trade with each other on any mutually agreeable terms but the enormous disparities in ownership of property bring it about that workers are forced (...)
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  2. Gale S. Baker (1987). Is Equality Enough? Hypatia 2 (1):63 - 65.
    I am concerned that, in our quest to end discrimination, we as feminists may be concentrating too much on equality and ignoring more basic issues of social justice. I argue that we must not lose sight of where we as a society are going in the effort to make sure we all get there together. The primary goal, after all, is not simply for women to get what men have, but justice for all.
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  3. Lawrie Balfour (2005). Representative Women: Slavery, Citizenship, and Feminist Theory in Du Bois's “Damnation of Women”. Hypatia 20 (3):127-148.
  4. Linda Barclay (2013). Liberal Daddy Quotas: Why Men Should Take Care of the Children, and How Liberals Can Get Them to Do It. Hypatia 28 (1):163-178.
    The gendered division of labor is the major cause of gender inequality with respect to the broad spectrum of resources, occupations, and roles. Although many feminists aspire to an equality of outcome where there are no significant patterns of gender difference across these dimensions, many have also argued that liberal theories of social justice do not have the conceptual tools to justify a direct attack on the gendered division of labor. Indeed, many critics argue that liberalism positively condones it, presuming (...)
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  5. Sandra Bartky (1993). Reply to Commentators on Femininity and Domination. Hypatia 8 (1):192-196.
  6. Elizabeth Ann Bartlett (1989). Sarah Grimké: Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and Other Essays. Hypatia 4 (1):175-180.
  7. Yann Benétreau-Dupin & Guillaume Beaulac (2015). Fair Numbers: What Data Can and Cannot Tell Us About the Underrepresentation of Women in Philosophy. Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):59-81.
    The low representation (< 30%) of women in philosophy in English-speaking countries has generated much discussion, both in academic circles and the public sphere. It is sometimes suggested (Haslanger 2009) that unconscious biases, acting at every level in the field, may be grounded in gendered schemas of philosophers and in the discipline more widely, and that actions to make philosophy a more welcoming place for women should address such schemas. However, existing data are too limited to fully warrant such an (...)
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  8. Seyla Benhabib (2008). Parité: Sexual Equality and the Crisis of French Universalism. Hypatia 23 (4):220-225.
  9. Paul Benson (2007). Feminism and the A-Word: Power and Community in the University. Hypatia 22 (4):223-229.
  10. Sandrine Bergès (2016). A Republican Housewife: Marie‐Jeanne Phlipon Roland on Women's Political Role. Hypatia 31 (1):107-122.
    In this paper I look at the philosophical struggles of one eighteenth-century woman writer to reconcile a desire and obvious capacity to participate in the creation of republican ideals and their applications on the one hand, and on the other a deeply held belief that women's role in a republic is confined to the domestic realm. I argue that Marie-Jeanne Phlipon Roland's philosophical writings—three unpublished essays, published and unpublished letters, as well as parts of her memoirs—suggest that even though she (...)
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  11. Sandrine Bergès (2015). Is Not Doing the Washing Up Like Draft Dodging? The Military Model for Resisting a Gender Based Labour Division. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):n/a-n/a.
    I will examine a version of Bubeck's and Robeyns' proposals for ‘care duty’ which looks at the ways in which care work is analogous to defence work, and what the implications are for the best models in terms both of distributive justice and serving the common good. My own analysis will differ from Bubeck's and Robeyns' in two respects. First I will apply their arguments to all aspects of care including housework. This will mean making a case for housework counting (...)
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  12. Debra B. Bergoffen (1999). Marriage, Autonomy, and the Feminine Protest. Hypatia 14 (4):18-35.
  13. Susan Bordo (1992). “Maleness” Revisited. Hypatia 7 (3):197-207.
  14. Susan J. Brison (2006). Contentious Freedom: Sex Work and Social Construction. Hypatia 21 (4):192-200.
  15. Thom Brooks (2009). The Problem with Polygamy. Philosophical Topics 37 (2):109-122.
    Polygamy is a hotly contested practice and open to widespread misunderstandings. This practice is defined as a relationship between either one husband and multiple wives or one wife and multiple husbands. Today, “polygamy” almost exclusively takes the form of one husband with multiple wives. In this article, my focus will center on limited defenses of polygamy offered recently by Chesire Calhoun and Martha Nussbaum. I will argue that these defenses are unconvincing. The problem with polygamy is primarily that it is (...)
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  16. Robert L. Burgess (1994). The Family in a Changing World. Human Nature 5 (2):203-221.
    Increasing numbers of young mothers in the work force, more and more children requiring extrafamilial care, high rates of divorce, lower rates of remarriage, increasing numbers of female-headed households, growing numbers of zero-parent families, and significant occurrences of child maltreatment are just some of the social indicators indicative of the family in a changing world. These trends and their consequences for children are described and then examined from the perspectives of microeconomic theory, the relative-income hypothesis, sex-ratio theory, and one form (...)
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  17. Nadya Burton (1998). Resistance to Prevention: Reconsidering Feminist Antiviolence Rhetoric. In Stanley French, Wanda Teays & Laura Purdy (eds.), Violence Against Women: Philosophical Perspectives. Cornell University Press 182--200.
  18. Joan Callahan (2009). Same-Sex Marriage: Why It Matters-At Least for Now. Hypatia 24 (1):70-80.
  19. Joan C. Callahan, Bonnie Mann & Sara Ruddick (2007). Editors' Introduction to Writing Against Heterosexism. Hypatia 22 (1).
  20. V. J. Callan (1986). Single Women, Voluntary Childlessness and Perceptions About Life and Marriage. Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (4):479-487.
  21. Kirsten Campbell (2004). The Promise of Feminist Reflexivities: Developing Donna Haraway's Project for Feminist Science Studies. Hypatia 19 (1):162-182.
  22. Claudia Card (2007). Gay Divorce: Thoughts on the Legal Regulation of Marriage. Hypatia 22 (1):24-38.
  23. Claudia Card (2002). Responsibility Ethics, Shared Understandings, and Moral Communities. Hypatia 17 (1):141-155.
  24. Claudia Card (2002). On Feminist Ethics & Politics. Hypatia 17 (4):233-235.
  25. Craig Carely, Nietzsche's Misogyny: A Class Action Suit. Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 19.
  26. Kate Cavanagh & Viviene E. Cree (1996). Working with Men Feminism and Social Work.
  27. Marguerite la Caze (2008). Seeing Oneself Through the Eyes of the Other: Asymmetrical Reciprocity and Self-Respect. Hypatia 23 (3):118-135.
    Iris Marion Young argues we cannot understand others' experiences by imagining ourselves in their place or in terms of symmetrical reciprocity (1997a). For Young, reciprocity expresses moral respect and asymmetry arises from people's greatly varying life histories and social positions. La Caze argues there are problems with Young's articulation of asymmetrical reciprocity in terms of wonder and the gift. By discussing friendship and political representation, she shows how taking self-respect into account complicates asymmetrical reciprocity.
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  28. W. M. Childs (1909). Woman Suffrage: A Review and a Conclusion. Hibbert Journal 8:721.
  29. Birgit Christensen & tr Smith, Andrew F. (2005). Equality and Justice: Remarks on a Necessary Relationship. Hypatia 20 (2):155-163.
    : The processes associated with globalization have reinforced and even increased prevailing conditions of inequality among human beings with respect to their political, economic, cultural, and social opportunities. Yet—or perhaps precisely because of this trend—there has been, within political philosophy, an observable tendency to question whether equality in fact should be treated a as central value within a theory of justice. In response, I examine a number of nonegalitarian positions to try to show that the concept of equality cannot be (...)
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  30. Margaret Ann Denike (2007). Religion, Rights, and Relationships: The Dream of Relational Equality. Hypatia 22 (1):71-91.
    : This essay provides an analysis of the terms by which the question of extending civil marriage to same-sex couples has been posed, advanced, and resisted in Canada and the United States in the past few years. Denike draws on feminist theories of justice to evaluate the strategies and approaches of initiatives to reform the laws governing the state's recognition—and lack thereof—of personal relationships of dependency and care. She also examines the political opposition to such reforms and the challenges posed (...)
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  31. Carlos Manuel Coelho Duarte, José P. Esperança, José D. Curto & Maria C. Santos (2008). Do Discrimination and Segregation Subsist in Pay Policies? Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:23-34.
    This paper analyses the gender pay determinants between top and lower level of Portuguese employees. A relatively large data pool, for 2003, covering business functions hitherto neglected, sheds a new light into the factors that lead to the earnings of men and women. Our analysis combines human capital with internal-labour-markets theories. Our findings allow the identification of jobsegregation as one important source of the gender pay gap. Moreover, they confirm that earnings are determined by different factors and suggest a reasonable (...)
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  32. Avigail Eisenberg (2003). Diversity and Equality: Three Approaches to Cultural and Sexual Difference. Journal of Political Philosophy 11 (1):41–64.
  33. Gertrude Ezorsky (1977). Hiring Women Faculty. Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (1):82-91.
  34. Robyn Ferrell (2000). Copula: The Logic of the Sexual Relation. Hypatia 15 (2):100-114.
    : This paper argues that the slogans "A Woman's Right to Choose" and "The Personal is the Political" typify different traditions within feminist thinking; one emphasizing rights and equality, the other the unconscious and the personal. The author responds to both traditions by bringing together mind and body, and reason and emotion, via the figure of the copula. The copula expresses an alternative model of identity which indicates that value can be produced only in relation.
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  35. Jeffrey E. Foss (1996). Is There a Natural Sexual Inequality of Intellect? A Reply to Kimura. Hypatia 11 (3):24 - 46.
    The noted psychologist, Doreen Kimura, has argued that we should not expect to find equal numbers of men and women in various professions because there is a natural sexual inequality of intellect. In rebuttal I argue that each of these mutually supporting theses is insufficiently supported by the evidence to be accepted. The social and ethical dimensions of Kimura's work, and of the scientific study of the nature-nurture controversy in general, are briefly discussed.
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  36. Michael Fox (1982). Feminism and Philosophy Mary Vetterling-Braggin, Frederick A. Elliston, and Jane English, Editors Totowa, New Jersey: Littlefield, Adams, 1977. Pp. Xiv, 452. $7.95, paperFeminist Frameworks: Alternative Theoretical Accounts of the Relations Between Women and Men Allison M. Jaggar and Paula Rothenberg Struhl, Editors Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1978. Pp. Xiv, 333. $10.75, Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 21 (1):141-147.
  37. Laurie Gaughran (1998). Gender Reflection: Reconciling Feminism and Equality. Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (5):37-51.
    Recent feminist debates reveal a concern about the notion that equality is no longer a valuable ideal for feminist thinkers. Suspicious that equality represents sameness, feminists have leaned toward rejecting the ideal of equality and moved toward the recognition of differences among women as the guide of political judgement. In this article, equality is approached from a feminist perspective that does not conclude that identical sameness is the only reading of equality. Borrowing Rawls' notion of the moral person, I argue (...)
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  38. Jeffrey A. Gauthier (1999). Consent, Coercion, and Sexual Autonomy. In Keith Burgess-Jackson (ed.), A Most Detestable Crime: New Philosophical Essays on Rape. Oxford University Press 71-91.
    Feminist legal scholarship has questioned the usefulness of non-consent as a criterion for rape. Under conditions of generalized sexual oppression, consent may not be an adequate for absence of coercion. I defend this argument and propose that rape law reform can be usefully informed by state protection of workers in the capitalist labor market, where it is assumed that the parties occupy an unequal bargaining position.
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  39. Anca Gheaus (forthcoming). Gender and Distributive Justice. In Serena Olsaretti (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press
    This chapter discusses gender in relation to the most influential current accounts of distributive justice. There are various disparities in the benefits and burdens of social cooperation between women and men. Which of these, if any, one identifies as indicative of gender injustice will depend on the theory of distributive justice that one endorses. Theoretical decisions concerning the role of personal responsibility, the goods whose distribution is relevant for justice, and the site of justice - institutions-only or individual behaviour, too (...)
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  40. Karen Green (1986). Rawls, Women and the Priority of Liberty. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (supplement):26-36.
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  41. Paul Green (1987). The Logic of Special Rights. Hypatia 2 (1):67 - 70.
    Linda Krieger's paper in this volume relies on the concepts of "equal" and "special" rights, and I focus my attention upon the bivalent view of equality which justifies the creation of special rights. Krieger argues, I point out, that equality of effect is a fundamentally more just consideration than equality of treatment, and special rights allow disadvantaged groups to achieve this equality of effect.
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  42. Tom Grimwood (2008). The Limits of Misogyny: Schopenhauer, "On Women". Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):131-145.
  43. Pamela Courtenay Hall (1993). From Justified Discrimination to Responsive Hiring: The Role Model Argument and Female Equity Hiring in Philosophy. Journal of Social Philosophy 24 (1):23-45.
  44. Christine James (1997). Feminism and Masculinity: Reconceptualizing the Dichotomy of Reason and Emotion. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 17 (1/2):129-152.
    In the context of feminist and postmodern thought, traditional conceptions of masculinity and what it means to be a “Real Man” have been critiqued. In Genevieve Lloyd's The Man of Reason, this critique takes the form of exposing the effect that the distinctive masculinity of the “man of reason” has had on the history of philosophy. One major feature of the masculine-feminine dichotomy will emerge as a key notion for understanding the rest of the paper: the dichotomy of reason-feeling, a (...)
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  45. Annabelle Lever (2001). Must Privacy and Sexual Equality Conflict? A Philosophical Examination of Some Legal Evidence. Social Research 67 (4):1137-1171.
    Are rights to privacy consistent with sexual equality? In a brief, but influential, article Catherine MacKinnon trenchantly laid out feminist criticisms of the right to privacy. In “Privacy v. Equality: Beyond Roe v. Wade” she linked familiar objections to the right to privacy and connected them to the fate of abortion rights in the U.S.A. (MacKinnon, 1983, 93-102). For many feminists, the Supreme Court’s decision in Roe v. Wade (1973) had suggested that, notwithstanding a dubious past, legal rights to privacy (...)
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  46. Annabelle Lever (2000). The Politics of Paradox: A Response to Wendy Brown. Constellations 7 (2):242-254.
    What role should rights play in feminist politics and the quest for equality? This article examines Wendy Brown's response to that question in her 'suffering rights as paradoxes' and shows that for all its merits, it draws our attention away from the central question of how to describe women's interests, given the many differences amongst women.
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  47. Katherine Logan (2012). Foucault, the Modern Mother, and Maternal Power: Notes Toward a Genealogy of the Mother. In Robbie Duschinsky & Leon Antonio Rocha (eds.), Foucault, the Family and Politics. Palgrave Macmillan
  48. Joni Lovenduski (2007). Unfinished Business : Equality Policy and the Changing Context of State Feminism in Great Britain. In Johanna Kantola & Joyce Outshoorn (eds.), Changing State Feminism. Palgrave Macmillan
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  49. María G. Navarro (2016). Vindicación ético-política de la razón de ser de las causas comunes. [REVIEW] Isegoría. Revista de Filosofía Moral y Política 54:351-355.
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  50. Martha Nussbaum (2002). Introduction to the Symposium on Eva Kittay's Love's Labor: Essays on Women, Equality and Dependency. Hypatia 17 (3):194-199.
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