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  1. Carl Ackermann & Tim Loughran (2007). Mutual Fund Incubation and the Role of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Journal of Business Ethics 70 (1):33 - 37.
    A mutual fund family incubates a fund when it creates a privately subsidized fund not available to the general investing public. It destroys unsuccessful incubator funds. The few successful funds will report higher incubation returns than the market return in advertisements intended to attract money from individual investors. This practice is currently allowed by the SEC. The evidence is that incubation returns are not a good predictor of subsequent fund performance and likely serve to mislead unsuspecting investors.
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  2. James J. Angel & Douglas M. McCabe (2009). The Business Ethics of Short Selling and Naked Short Selling. Journal of Business Ethics 85 (1):239 - 249.
    The controversy over short selling has continued unabated from the introduction of modern equity trading in Amsterdam in 1610 to the present day. Nevertheless, the business ethics literature has not really addressed short selling. Short sellers not only profit from the misery of others, they also create it through their selling activities. However, they also provide a socially useful service by making prices better reflect true values, protecting other investors from purchasing overpriced securities. Short sellers can also help to provide (...)
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  3. James J. Angel & Douglas M. McCabe (2009). The Ethics of Speculation. Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):277-286.
    Recently there has been an outpouring of consumer frustration over rising food and energy prices. Many politicians railed against “speculators” who allegedly drove up the prices of key necessities. Is speculation unethical? This article reviews the traditional arguments against speculation. Many of the standard criticisms confuse speculation with gambling. In much the same way as ethicists now draw distinctions between usury and normal business interest, we draw a distinction between socially useful speculation and gambling. Gambling involves taking on risk with (...)
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  4. John R. Boatright (2011). Capitalizing on Crisis. Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (4):693-701.
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  5. Jean-Michel Bonvin & Paul H. Dembinski (2002). Ethical Issues in Financial Activities. Journal of Business Ethics 37 (2):187 - 192.
    The financial sector likes to call itself a "service industry". As such, its role is to guarantee the fluidity of transactions which are essential to economic activity by ensuring the best possible use of available capital. If finance is a service activity, it is important to specify what services it renders, to whom, in return for what, and for what purpose. In the absence of such clarification, finance may slide out of control and be left at the mercy of mass (...)
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  6. Thomas Donaldson (2012). Three Ethical Roots of the Economic Crisis. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):5-8.
    On Sept 15, 2008, ‘‘Dark Monday,’’ the world witnessed a radical reshaping of Wall Street. Lehman Brothers fell toward bankruptcy; Merrill Lynch was sold to its rival, Bank of America; and AIG pleaded for $40 billion in government relief. Those calamities marched in step with a dismal parade including the US government takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the bailout of Bear Stearns, and the entire subprime debacle. We rightly blame Wall Street leaders for bungling business decisions, for misestimating (...)
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  7. Robert E. Frederick & W. Michael Hoffman (1990). The Individual Investor in Securities Markets: An Ethical Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 9 (7):579 - 589.
    In this paper we consider whether one type of individual investor, which we call at risk investors, should be denied access to securities markets to prevent them from suffering serious financial harm. We consider one kind of paternalistic justification for prohibiting at risk investors from participating in securities markets, and argue that it is not successful. We then argue that restricting access to markets is justified in some circumstances to protect the rights of at risk investors. We conclude with some (...)
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  8. Jan H. W. Goslings (1997). Ethical Behaviour and Securities Trading. Business Ethics 6 (3):147–152.
    “Economic man does not ask himself ethical questions”. Yet securities trading inevitably raises many ethical issues, and ethical behaviour may be restricting and costly. Drawing on his economics background and his executive experience in the insurance and pension investment industry, as well as supervisory positions on the European Option Exchange, Dr Goslings analyses the securities markets and their structure, and explores their moral strengths and weaknesses in The Netherlands and elsewhere, before offering some practical recommendations.
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  9. Daniel Hausman (2013). Motives and Markets in Health Care. Journal of Practical Ethics 1 (2):64-84.
    The truth about health care policy lies between two exaggerated views: a market view in which individuals purchase their own health care from profit maximizing health-care firms and a control view in which costs are controlled by regulations limiting which treatments health insurance will pay for. This essay suggests a way to avoid on the one hand the suffering, unfairness, and abandonment of solidarity entailed by the market view and, on the other hand, to diminish the inflexibility and inefficiency of (...)
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  10. Douglas A. Houston & John S. Howe (1987). The Ethics of Going Private. Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):519 - 525.
    In this paper, we analyze some of the ethical dimensions of going private transactions (GPTs), wherein publicly traded firms are taken private. Financial theory suggests that efficiencies may be realized in these transactions such that outside shareholders are made better off. Empirical evidence supports this theory. We therefore argue that GPTs are not inherently exploitive or unethical. The issues of the fiduciary duty of corporate managers to shareholders and their obligations to non-shareholders are also explored.
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  11. Herbert Kalthoff (2006). The Launch of Banking Instruments and the Figuration of Markets. The Case of the Polish Car-Trading Industry. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (4):347–368.
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  12. Hyoungkoo Khang, Eyun-Jung Ki, In-Kon Park & Seon-Gi Baek (2012). Exploring Antecedents of Attitude and Intention Toward Internet Piracy Among College Students in South Korea. Asian Journal of Business Ethics 1 (2):177 - 194.
    Abstracts This study aims to examine the predictors of attitude and intentions toward Internet piracy in South Korea. Also, it intends to suggest a model of Internet piracy demonstrating the casual effects of factors of individual attitude and intentions toward Internet piracy. The results demonstrated that moral obligations and subjective norms are significant predictors of an individual’s attitude toward Internet piracy. Moreover, three factors—moral obligation, perceived behavioral control, and attitude—are essential antecedents of an individual’s intention to engage in Internet piracy. (...)
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  13. Daryl Koehn (2012). Post-Credit Crisis: What New Concepts Are Needed? Which Old Notions or Practices Should Be Abandoned? [REVIEW] Asian Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):35-45.
    The recent financial meltdown in the US mortgage markets and the ongoing budgetary crises in Europe suggest that we are at an economic and ethical crossroads. What has caused the problems? Do we need to rethink in some fundamental way our ethical notions and some of our practices? These questions clearly are not separable, for, as I shall argue, some of our ideas about corporate responsibilities, technological innovations, and nation states’ ability to regulate corporations have been a cause of the (...)
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  14. Xiaohe Lu (2012). Making Social Capital Produce for Society: On the US Financial Crisis and Capital Credit. [REVIEW] Asian Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):15-34.
    The global financial crisis, triggered by the subprime mortgage crisis in the USA, raises an important issue—namely, private production without the control of private property. The credit system has concentrated increasingly large social assets into the hands of financial institutions governed by a few people. This paper argues that the use of social capital for private production has played a key role in causing the subprime mortgage crisis. The credit and banking systems have abolished the private nature of capital and (...)
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  15. Shahnaz Naughton & Tony Naughton (2000). Religion, Ethics and Stock Trading: The Case of an Islamic Equities Market. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 23 (2):145 - 159.
    Islamic banking, based on the prohibition of interest, is well established throughout the Muslim world. Attention has now turned towards applying Islamic principles in equity markets. The search for alternatives to Western style markets has been given added impetus in Muslim countries by the turmoil in Asian financial markets in 1997. Common stocks are a legitimate form of instrument in Islam, but many of the practices associated with stock trading are not. In this paper the instruments traded and the structure (...)
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  16. Andreas R. Prindl & B. Prodhan (eds.) (1994). Ethical Conflicts in Finance. Blackwell Finance.
    Drawing together leading commentators in the field, this text provides a broad analysis of the most important types of conflict found in finance.
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  17. G. Rossouw (2012). Global Business Ethical Perspectives on Capitalism, Finance and Corporate Responsibility: The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis of 2008. [REVIEW] Asian Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):63-72.
    A global survey of Business Ethics as a field of teaching and research was launched in the second half of 2008. The launch of this survey coincided with the global financial meltdown that was triggered by the subprime crisis in the USA. As part of the global survey of Business Ethics, respondents from nine world regions were requested to provide information on the current focus of research in the field of Business Ethics in their respective countries. They were also asked (...)
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  18. Joakim Sandberg (2013). Usury. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Usury originally and simply meant the practice of charging interest on loans. This practice was forcefully condemned and generally banned in both Ancient and Medieval times. Indeed, prohibitions against interest can be found in the traditions of all the major religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, and Christianity – compare, for instance, the commandments of the Hindu lawmaker Vasishtha, and the biblical story of how Jesus cast the moneylenders out of the temple (Matthew 21:12). As interest started to become socially acceptable, (...)
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  19. Wei Yang & Kit-Chun Lam (2012). An Ethical Analysis of Economic Issues Related to the Appreciation of Renminbi. Asian Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):79-87.
    Since the outbreak of the global financial crisis in 2008, the exchange rate between China and USA has drawn a lot of attention. Because of the balance of payments surplus, China has accumulated a large amount of foreign exchange reserves, and there is much pressure on the Renminbi (RMB) to appreciate. The appreciation of RMB has raised a series of intertwining economic and ethical concerns in China. This paper is an inter-disciplinary study to illustrate the inter-relationship between economics and ethics. (...)
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