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  1. Marina Gascón Abellán (2010). Prueba científica: Mitos Y paradigmas. Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 44:81-103.
    Th e basi c pu r pos e o f thi s w or k consist s o f eliminatin g som e o f th e m yth s an d paradigms tha t cu r rent ly info r m th e assessmen t o f scienti f i c e vidence . I n orde r t o accomplis h this object i v e , th e autho r sta r t s fro m th e (...)
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  2. Carlos E. Alchourrón & David Makinson (1986). Maps Between Some Different Kinds of Contraction Function: The Finite Case. Studia Logica 45 (2):187 - 198.
    In some recent papers, the authors and Peter Gärdenfors have defined and studied two different kinds of formal operation, conceived as possible representations of the intuitive process of contracting a theory to eliminate a proposition. These are partial meet contraction (including as limiting cases full meet contraction and maxichoice contraction) and safe contraction. It is known, via the representation theorem for the former, that every safe contraction operation over a theory is a partial meet contraction over that theory. The purpose (...)
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  3. Astier M. Almedom, Berhe Tesfamichael, Z. Mohammed, N. Mascie-Taylor & Zemui Alemu (2007). Use of 'Sense of Coherence (SOC)'Scale to Measure Resilience in Eritrea: Interrogating Both the Data and the Scale. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (1):91-107.
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  4. Astier M. Almedom, Berhe Tesfamichael, Zein Saeed Mohammed, C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor & Zemui Alemu (2007). Use of 'Sense of Coherence (Soc)' Scale to Measure Resilience in Eritrea: Interrogating Both the Data and the Scale. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (1):91.
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  5. Terence J. Anderson (2011). Generalisations and Evidential Reasoning. In Philip Dawid, William Twining & Mimi Vasilaki (eds.), Evidence, Inference and Enquiry. Oup/British Academy. 225.
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  6. T. Andre & M. Windschitl (2003). Interest, Epistemological Belief, and Intentional Conceptual Change. In Gale M. Sinatra & Paul R. Pintrich (eds.), Intentional Conceptual Change. L. Erlbaum. 173--197.
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  7. Jessica M. Anna, Gregory D. Scholes & Rienk van Grondelle (forthcoming). A Little Coherence in Photosynthetic Light Harvesting. BioScience.
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  8. Horacio Arló-costa (2008). Formal Epistemology, Context and Content: Introduction to Special Issue on Recent Developments in Formal Epistemology. Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (4):395-401.
    This special issue presents a series of articles focusing on recent work in formal epistemology and formal philosophy. The articles in the latter category elaborate on the notion of context and content and their relationships. This work is not unrelated to recent developments in formal epistemology. Logical models of context, when connected with the representation of epistemic context, are clearly relevant for many issues considered by formal epistemologists. For example, the semantic framework Joe Halpern uses in his article for this (...)
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  9. Horacio Arló-Costa (2006). Rationally Choosing Beliefs: Some Open Questions. Análisis Filosófico 26 (1):93-114.
    Carlos Alchourrón, Peter Gärdenfors and David Makinson published in 1985 a seminal article on belief change in the Journal of Symbolic Logic . Researchers from various disciplines, from computer science to mathematical economics to philosophical logic, have continued the work first presented in this seminal paper during the last two decades. This paper explores some salient foundational trends that interpret the act of changing view as a decision. We will argue that some of these foundational trends are already present, although (...)
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  10. Horacio Arló-Costa & Eduardo Fermé (2010). Formal Epistemology and Logic. In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  11. Horacio Arló-Costa & Isaac Levi (2006). Contraction: On the Decision-Theoretical Origins of Minimal Change and Entrenchment. Synthese 152 (1):129 - 154.
    We present a decision-theoretically motivated notion of contraction which, we claim, encodes the principles of minimal change and entrenchment. Contraction is seen as an operation whose goal is to minimize loses of informational value. The operation is also compatible with the principle that in contracting A one should preserve the sentences better entrenched than A (when the belief set contains A). Even when the principle of minimal change and the latter motivation for entrenchment figure prominently among the basic intuitions in (...)
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  12. Christian W. Bach & Jérémie Cabessa (2012). Common Knowledge and Limit Knowledge. Theory and Decision 73 (3):423-440.
    We study the relationship between common knowledge and the sequence of iterated mutual knowledge from a topological point of view. It is shown that common knowledge is not equivalent to the limit of the sequence of iterated mutual knowledge. On that account the new epistemic operator limit knowledge is introduced and analyzed in the context of games. Indeed, an example is constructed where the behavioral implications of limit knowledge of rationality strictly refine those of common knowledge of rationality. More generally, (...)
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  13. T. Balterborth (1999). Coherence and Explanations. Erkenntnis 50:209-224.
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  14. Wolfgang Balzer, C. Ulises Moulines, Joseph D. Sneed, E. J. Olsson & S. Enqvist (2011). A Note on Theory Change and Belief Revision. In Erik J. Olson Sebastian Enqvist (ed.), Belief Revision Meets Philosophy of Science. Springer. 155.
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  15. Sieghard Beller & Gregory Kuhnmünch (2007). What Causal Conditional Reasoning Tells Us About People's Understanding of Causality. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):426-460.
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  16. Salem Benferhat, Jean F. Bonnefon & Rui Da Silva Neves (2005). An Overview of Possibilistic Handling of Default Reasoning, with Experimental Studies. Synthese 146 (1/2):53 - 70.
    This paper first provides a brief survey of a possibilistic handling of default rules. A set of default rules of the form, "generally, from α deduce β", is viewed as the family of possibility distributions satisfying constraints expressing that the situation where α and β is true has a greater plausibility than the one where α and ⇁β is true. When considering only the subset of linear possibility distributions, the well-known System P of postulates proposed by Kraus, Lehmann and Magidor, (...)
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  17. Luis Enrique Alonso Benito & Carlos Jesús Fernández Rodríguez (2010). Consumo e hipermodernidad: una revisión de la teoría de Gilles Liporvetsky. Anuario Filosófico 43 (98):325-351.
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  18. C. Bernasconi, Silvano Rivoira & Settimo Termini (1991). On the Notion of Uncertain Belief Revision Systems. In B. Bouchon-Meunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.), Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases. Springer. 232--238.
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  19. Gregor Betz (2013). Justifying Inference to the Best Explanation as a Practical Meta-Syllogism on Dialectical Structures. Synthese 190 (16):3553-3578.
    This article discusses how inference to the best explanation (IBE) can be justified as a practical meta-argument. It is, firstly, justified as a practical argument insofar as accepting the best explanation as true can be shown to further a specific aim. And because this aim is a discursive one which proponents can rationally pursue in—and relative to—a complex controversy, namely maximising the robustness of one’s position, IBE can be conceived, secondly, as a meta-argument. My analysis thus bears a certain analogy (...)
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  20. Gregor Betz (2013). Revamping Hypothetico-Deductivism: A Dialectic Account of Confirmation. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 78 (5):991-1009.
    We use recently developed approaches in argumentation theory in order to revamp the hypothetico-deductive model of confirmation, thus alleviating the well-known paradoxes the H-D account faces. More specifically, we introduce the concept of dialectic confirmation on the background of the so-called theory of dialectical structures (Betz 2010, 2012b). Dialectic confirmation generalises hypothetico-deductive confirmation and mitigates the raven paradox, the grue paradox, the tacking paradox, the paradox from conceptual difference, and the problem of surprising evidence.
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  21. Gregor Betz (2012). Debate Dynamics: How Controversy Improves Our Beliefs. Springer.
    By means of multi-agent simulations, it investigates the truth and consensus-conduciveness of controversial debates. The book brings together research in formal epistemology and argumentation theory.
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  22. Gregor Betz (2012). On Degrees of Justification. Erkenntnis 77 (2):237-272.
    This paper gives an explication of our intuitive notion of strength of justification in a controversial debate. It defines a thesis' degree of justification within the bipolar argumentation framework of the theory of dialectical structures as the ratio of coherently adoptable positions according to which that thesis is true over all coherently adoptable positions. Broadening this definition, the notion of conditional degree of justification, i.e.\ degree of partial entailment, is introduced. Thus defined degrees of justification correspond to our pre-theoretic intuitions (...)
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  23. Gregor Betz (2010). Theorie dialektischer Strukturen. Klostermann.
    Wo Meinungen aufeinanderprallen, um Verständnis geworben und Überzeugungsarbeit geleistet wird, sind Begründungen nicht weit. Für jede Überzeugung gibt es immer ein, zwei Gründe, die mit Gegengründen konfrontiert und, im Gegenzug, mit weiteren Überlegungen verteidigt werden usw. usf. Schnell sind wir verwirrt und drohen, ohne uns der "Grammatikregeln" vernünftigen Argumentierens zu besinnen, nicht mehr durchzublicken. Die Theorie dialektischer Strukturen leistet einen Beitrag zur Grammatik vernünftigen Argumentierens. Sie stellt Begriffe und Verfahren bereit, um Fragen, die sich angesichts einer komplexen Argumentation stellen können, (...)
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  24. Benjamin Bewersdorf (2014). Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision, by Neil Tennant. Mind 123 (489):246-251.
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  25. Vivek Bharathan & John R. Josephson (2006). Belief Revision Controlled by Meta-Abduction. Logic Journal of the Igpl 14 (2):271-285.
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  26. Akeel Bilgrami (2004). Knowledge and Decision: Essays on Isaac Levi. Synthese 140:391-392.
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  27. Ma Bluck & G. H. Bower (1986). Category Learning, Judgment, and the Rescorla-Wagner Model (Aka the Delta-Rule). Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):326-326.
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  28. Alexander Bochman (2000). Belief Contraction as Nonmonotonic Inference. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):605-626.
    A notion of an epistemic state is introduced as a generalization of common representations suggested for belief change. Based on it, a new kind of nonmonotonic inference relation corresponding to belief contractions is defined. A number of representation results is established that cover both traditional AGM contractions and contractions that do not satisfy recovery.
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  29. Joseph E. Boland (1931). Logic and Epistemology. Modern Schoolman 8 (2):39-39.
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  30. Giacomo Bonanno (2011). AGM Belief Revision in Dynamic Games. In Krzysztof Apt (ed.), Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge (TARK XIII).
    Within the context of extensive-form (or dynamic) games, we use choice frames to represent the initial beliefs of a player as well as her disposition to change those beliefs when she learns that an information set of hers has been reached. As shown in [5], in order for the revision operation to be consistent with the AGM postulates [1], the player’s choice frame must be rationalizable in terms of a total pre-order on the set of histories. We consider four properties (...)
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  31. Giacomo Bonanno (2007). Axiomatic Characterization of the AGM Theory of Belief Revision in a Temporal Logic. Artificial Intelligence 171 (2-3):144-160.
    Since belief revision deals with the interaction of belief and information over time, branching-time temporal logic seems a natural setting for a theory of belief change. We propose two extensions of a modal logic that, besides the next-time temporal operator, contains a belief operator and an information operator. The first logic is shown to provide an axiomatic characterization of the first six postulates of the AGM theory of belief revision, while the second, stronger, logic provides an axiomatic characterization of the (...)
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  32. Giacomo Bonanno (1992). Rational Beliefs in Extensive Games. Theory and Decision 33 (2):153-176.
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  33. Giovanni Boniolo & Silvio Valentini (2008). Vagueness, Kant and Topology: A Study of Formal Epistemology. Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (2):141 - 168.
    In this paper we propose an approach to vagueness characterised by two features. The first one is philosophical: we move along a Kantian path emphasizing the knowing subject’s conceptual apparatus. The second one is formal: to face vagueness, and our philosophical view on it, we propose to use topology and formal topology. We show that the Kantian and the topological features joined together allow us an atypical, but promising, way of considering vagueness.
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  34. Richard Booth & Thomas Meyer (2010). Equilibria in Social Belief Removal. Synthese 177 (1):97 - 123.
    In studies of multi-agent interaction, especially in game theory, the notion of equilibrium often plays a prominent role. A typical scenario for the belief merging problem is one in which several agents pool their beliefs together to form a consistent "group" picture of the world. The aim of this paper is to define and study new notions of equilibria in belief merging. To do so, we assume the agents arrive at consistency via the use of a social belief removal function, (...)
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  35. Georges Bordes & Nicolaus Tideman (1991). Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives in the Theory of Voting. Theory and Decision 30 (2):163-186.
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  36. S. Borutti (1990). Epistemology and Questioning-the Model in so Far as It Was Based on Scientific Inquiry. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 44 (174):370-393.
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  37. Bernard Bosanquet (1922). A Word About "Coherence". Mind 31 (123):335-336.
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  38. Luc Bovens (1999). Do Beliefs Supervene on Degrees of Confidence? In Anthonie W. M. Meijers (ed.), Belief, Cognition, and the Will. Tilburg University Press. 6--27.
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  39. Richard Bradley (2008). Preference Kinematics. In Till Grune (ed.), Preference Change: Approaches from Philosophy, Economics and Psychology.
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  40. Nick Braisby, Bradley Franks & Terry Myers (1992). Partiality and Coherence in Concept Combination. In Jes Ezquerro (ed.), Cognition, Semantics and Philosophy. Kluwer. 179--207.
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  41. Scott Brewer, Logocratic Method and the Analysis of Arguments in Evidence.
    Legal analysis is dominated by legal arguments, and the assessment of any legal claim requires the assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of those arguments. The ‘logocratic’ method is a systematic method for assessing the strengths and weaknesses of arguments. More specifically, it is a method designed to help the analyst determine what degree of warrant the premises of an argument provide for its conclusion. Although the method is applicable to any type of argument, this essay focuses on the logocratic (...)
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  42. Gerhard Brewka (1991). Belief Revision in a Framework for Default Reasoning. In André Fuhrmann & Michael Morreau (eds.), The Logic of Theory Change. Springer. 206--222.
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  43. Larry Briskman (1990). Rationality, Science and History. In R. C. Olby, G. N. Cantor, J. R. R. Christie & M. J. S. Hodge (eds.), Companion to the History of Modern Science. Routledge. 166--180.
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  44. Al Brown (1986). A Search for Causal Mechanisms Guides Learning in Novel Domains. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):334-334.
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  45. Matthew J. Brown (2015). The Functional Complexity of Scientific Evidence. Metaphilosophy 46 (1):65-83.
    This article sketches the main features of traditional philosophical models of evidence, indicating idealizations in such models that it regards as doing more harm than good. It then proceeds to elaborate on an alternative model of evidence that is functionalist, complex, dynamic, and contextual, a view the author calls dynamic evidential functionalism . This alternative builds on insights from philosophy of scientific practice, Kuhnian philosophy of science, pragmatist epistemology, philosophy of experimentation, and functionalist philosophy of mind. Along the way, the (...)
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  46. N. Brunner & R. Mihara (2000). Arrow's Theorem Weglorz's Models, and the Axiom of Choice. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (3):335-360.
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  47. Dv Budescu, S. Weinberg & Ts Wallsten (1986). Decisions Based on Verbal and Numerical Probabilities. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):332-332.
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  48. O. Bueno & S. French (2000). Andre Fuhrmann An Essay on Contraction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (3):513-518.
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  49. O. Bueno & S. French (2000). Review. An Essay on Contraction. A Fuhrmann. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (3):513-517.
  50. Cyril Burt (1917). La Misura Dell'intelligenza: The Treves-Saffiotti Revision of the Binet-Simon Scale. The Eugenics Review 8 (4):365.
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