This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories
Subcategories:
1042 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 1042
Material to categorize
  1. Marina Gascón Abellán (2010). Prueba científica: Mitos Y paradigmas. Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 44:81-103.
    Th e basi c pu r pos e o f thi s w or k consist s o f eliminatin g som e o f th e m yth s an d paradigms tha t cu r rent ly info r m th e assessmen t o f scienti f i c e vidence . I n orde r t o accomplis h this object i v e , th e autho r sta r t s fro m th e (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Fatin Khalil Ismail Al-Bustany (1989). Scientific Change as an Evolutionary, Information Process: Its Structural, Conceptual and Cultural Elements. Dissertation, Georgetown University
    My aim in this dissertation is to develop an evolutionary conception of science based on recent studies in evolution theory, the thermodynamics of non-equilibrium and information theory, as exemplified in the works of Prigogine, Jantsch, Wicken and Gatlin. ;The nature of scientific change is of interest to philosophers and historians of science. Some construe it after a revolutionary model , others adopt an evolutionary view . It appears to me that it is possible to construct an evolutionary model encompassing the (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Laith Al-Shawaf (2009). Enumerative Induction as a Subset of Inference to the Best Explanation. Lyceum 10.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Carlos E. Alchourrón & David Makinson (1986). Maps Between Some Different Kinds of Contraction Function: The Finite Case. Studia Logica 45 (2):187 - 198.
    In some recent papers, the authors and Peter Gärdenfors have defined and studied two different kinds of formal operation, conceived as possible representations of the intuitive process of contracting a theory to eliminate a proposition. These are partial meet contraction (including as limiting cases full meet contraction and maxichoice contraction) and safe contraction. It is known, via the representation theorem for the former, that every safe contraction operation over a theory is a partial meet contraction over that theory. The purpose (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Astier M. Almedom, Berhe Tesfamichael, Z. Mohammed, N. Mascie-Taylor & Zemui Alemu (2007). Use of 'Sense of Coherence (SOC)'Scale to Measure Resilience in Eritrea: Interrogating Both the Data and the Scale. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (1):91-107.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Astier M. Almedom, Berhe Tesfamichael, Zein Saeed Mohammed, C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor & Zemui Alemu (2007). Use of 'Sense of Coherence (Soc)' Scale to Measure Resilience in Eritrea: Interrogating Both the Data and the Scale. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (1):91.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Stefan Amsterdamski (1992). Between History and Method Disputes About the Rationality of Science.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Terence J. Anderson (2011). Generalisations and Evidential Reasoning. In Philip Dawid, William Twining & Mimi Vasilaki (eds.), Evidence, Inference and Enquiry. Oup/British Academy. 225.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. T. Andre & M. Windschitl (2003). Interest, Epistemological Belief, and Intentional Conceptual Change. In Gale M. Sinatra & Paul R. Pintrich (eds.), Intentional Conceptual Change. L. Erlbaum. 173--197.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Jessica M. Anna, Gregory D. Scholes & Rienk van Grondelle (forthcoming). A Little Coherence in Photosynthetic Light Harvesting. BioScience.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. G. Aldo Antonelli (1996). Defeasible Reasoning as a Cognitive Model. In Krister Segerberg (ed.), The Parikh Project. Seven Papers in Honour of Rohit. Uppsala Prints & Preprints in Philosophy.
    One of the most important developments over the last twenty years both in logic and in Artificial Intelligence is the emergence of so-called non-monotonic logics. These logics were initially developed by McCarthy [10], McDermott & Doyle [13], and Reiter [17]. Part of the original motivation was to provide a formal framework within which to model cognitive phenomena such as defeasible inference and defeasible knowledge representation, i.e., to provide a formal account of the fact that reasoners can reach conclusions tentatively, reserving (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Horacio Arló-costa (2008). Formal Epistemology, Context and Content: Introduction to Special Issue on Recent Developments in Formal Epistemology. Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (4):395-401.
    This special issue presents a series of articles focusing on recent work in formal epistemology and formal philosophy. The articles in the latter category elaborate on the notion of context and content and their relationships. This work is not unrelated to recent developments in formal epistemology. Logical models of context, when connected with the representation of epistemic context, are clearly relevant for many issues considered by formal epistemologists. For example, the semantic framework Joe Halpern uses in his article for this (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Horacio Arló-Costa (2006). Rationally Choosing Beliefs: Some Open Questions. Análisis Filosófico 26 (1):93-114.
    Carlos Alchourrón, Peter Gärdenfors and David Makinson published in 1985 a seminal article on belief change in the Journal of Symbolic Logic . Researchers from various disciplines, from computer science to mathematical economics to philosophical logic, have continued the work first presented in this seminal paper during the last two decades. This paper explores some salient foundational trends that interpret the act of changing view as a decision. We will argue that some of these foundational trends are already present, although (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Horacio Arlo-Costa, Qualitative and Probabilistic Models of Full Belief.
    Let L be a language containing the modal operator B - for full belief. An information model is a set E of stable L-theories. A sentence is valid if it is accepted in all theories of every model.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Horacio Arló-Costa & Eduardo Fermé (2010). Formal Epistemology and Logic. In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  16. Horacio Arló-Costa & Isaac Levi (2006). Contraction: On the Decision-Theoretical Origins of Minimal Change and Entrenchment. Synthese 152 (1):129 - 154.
    We present a decision-theoretically motivated notion of contraction which, we claim, encodes the principles of minimal change and entrenchment. Contraction is seen as an operation whose goal is to minimize loses of informational value. The operation is also compatible with the principle that in contracting A one should preserve the sentences better entrenched than A (when the belief set contains A). Even when the principle of minimal change and the latter motivation for entrenchment figure prominently among the basic intuitions in (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Horacio Arló-Costa & Arthur Paul Pedersen (2013). Fast and Frugal Heuristics: Rationality and the Limits of Naturalism. Synthese 190 (5):831-850.
    Gerd Gigerenzer and Thomas Sturm have recently proposed a modest form of what they describe as a normative, ecological and limited naturalism. The basic move in their argument is to infer that certain heuristics we tend to use should be used in the right ecological setting. To address this argument, we first consider the case of a concrete heuristic called Take the Best (TTB). There are at least two variants of the heuristic which we study by making explicit the choice (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Sidney Axinn & David Axinn (1976). Notes on the Logic of the Ignorance Relations. American Philosophical Quarterly 13 (2):135 - 143.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Christian W. Bach & Jérémie Cabessa (2012). Common Knowledge and Limit Knowledge. Theory and Decision 73 (3):423-440.
    We study the relationship between common knowledge and the sequence of iterated mutual knowledge from a topological point of view. It is shown that common knowledge is not equivalent to the limit of the sequence of iterated mutual knowledge. On that account the new epistemic operator limit knowledge is introduced and analyzed in the context of games. Indeed, an example is constructed where the behavioral implications of limit knowledge of rationality strictly refine those of common knowledge of rationality. More generally, (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. F. Ballard (1927). The Revision of Hymnology. Hibbert Journal 26:153.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. T. Balterborth (1999). Coherence and Explanations. Erkenntnis 50:209-224.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Wolfgang Balzer, C. Ulises Moulines, Joseph D. Sneed, E. J. Olsson & S. Enqvist (2011). A Note on Theory Change and Belief Revision. In Erik J. Olson Sebastian Enqvist (ed.), Belief Revision Meets Philosophy of Science. Springer. 155.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay & Gordon Brittan (2010). Two Dogmas of Strong Objective Bayesianism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1):45 – 65.
    We introduce a distinction, unnoticed in the literature, between four varieties of objective Bayesianism. What we call ' strong objective Bayesianism' is characterized by two claims, that all scientific inference is 'logical' and that, given the same background information two agents will ascribe a unique probability to their priors. We think that neither of these claims can be sustained; in this sense, they are 'dogmatic'. The first fails to recognize that some scientific inference, in particular that concerning evidential relations, is (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Maria Cornelia Bârliba (1992). Titu Maiorescu Pledoarie Pentru Inteligenta. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. William John Beckett (1962). Probability, Reasonable Behavior, and Reasonable Belief. Dissertation, Brown University
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Sieghard Beller & Gregory Kuhnmünch (2007). What Causal Conditional Reasoning Tells Us About People's Understanding of Causality. Thinking and Reasoning 13 (4):426-460.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Marvin Belzer (1986). Reasoning with Defeasible Principles. Synthese 66 (1):135 - 158.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Salem Benferhat, Jean F. Bonnefon & Rui Da Silva Neves (2005). An Overview of Possibilistic Handling of Default Reasoning, with Experimental Studies. Synthese 146 (1/2):53 - 70.
    This paper first provides a brief survey of a possibilistic handling of default rules. A set of default rules of the form, "generally, from α deduce β", is viewed as the family of possibility distributions satisfying constraints expressing that the situation where α and β is true has a greater plausibility than the one where α and ⇁β is true. When considering only the subset of linear possibility distributions, the well-known System P of postulates proposed by Kraus, Lehmann and Magidor, (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Luis Enrique Alonso Benito & Carlos Jesús Fernández Rodríguez (2010). Consumo e hipermodernidad: una revisión de la teoría de Gilles Liporvetsky. Anuario Filosófico 43 (98):325-351.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Harold Leslie Berghel (1977). Explanatory Hypotheses in Language Theory. Dissertation, The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. C. Bernasconi, Silvano Rivoira & Settimo Termini (1991). On the Notion of Uncertain Belief Revision Systems. In B. Bouchon-Meunier, R. R. Yager & L. A. Zadeh (eds.), Uncertainty in Knowledge Bases. Springer. 232--238.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Gregor Betz (2013). Justifying Inference to the Best Explanation as a Practical Meta-Syllogism on Dialectical Structures. Synthese 190 (16):3553-3578.
    This article discusses how inference to the best explanation (IBE) can be justified as a practical meta-argument. It is, firstly, justified as a practical argument insofar as accepting the best explanation as true can be shown to further a specific aim. And because this aim is a discursive one which proponents can rationally pursue in—and relative to—a complex controversy, namely maximising the robustness of one’s position, IBE can be conceived, secondly, as a meta-argument. My analysis thus bears a certain analogy (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Gregor Betz (2013). Revamping Hypothetico-Deductivism: A Dialectic Account of Confirmation. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 78 (5):991-1009.
    We use recently developed approaches in argumentation theory in order to revamp the hypothetico-deductive model of confirmation, thus alleviating the well-known paradoxes the H-D account faces. More specifically, we introduce the concept of dialectic confirmation on the background of the so-called theory of dialectical structures (Betz 2010, 2012b). Dialectic confirmation generalises hypothetico-deductive confirmation and mitigates the raven paradox, the grue paradox, the tacking paradox, the paradox from conceptual difference, and the problem of surprising evidence.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Gregor Betz (2012). Debate Dynamics: How Controversy Improves Our Beliefs. Springer.
    By means of multi-agent simulations, it investigates the truth and consensus-conduciveness of controversial debates. The book brings together research in formal epistemology and argumentation theory.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Gregor Betz (2012). On Degrees of Justification. Erkenntnis 77 (2):237-272.
    This paper gives an explication of our intuitive notion of strength of justification in a controversial debate. It defines a thesis' degree of justification within the bipolar argumentation framework of the theory of dialectical structures as the ratio of coherently adoptable positions according to which that thesis is true over all coherently adoptable positions. Broadening this definition, the notion of conditional degree of justification, i.e.\ degree of partial entailment, is introduced. Thus defined degrees of justification correspond to our pre-theoretic intuitions (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Gregor Betz (2010). Theorie dialektischer Strukturen. Klostermann.
    Wo Meinungen aufeinanderprallen, um Verständnis geworben und Überzeugungsarbeit geleistet wird, sind Begründungen nicht weit. Für jede Überzeugung gibt es immer ein, zwei Gründe, die mit Gegengründen konfrontiert und, im Gegenzug, mit weiteren Überlegungen verteidigt werden usw. usf. Schnell sind wir verwirrt und drohen, ohne uns der "Grammatikregeln" vernünftigen Argumentierens zu besinnen, nicht mehr durchzublicken. Die Theorie dialektischer Strukturen leistet einen Beitrag zur Grammatik vernünftigen Argumentierens. Sie stellt Begriffe und Verfahren bereit, um Fragen, die sich angesichts einer komplexen Argumentation stellen können, (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Benjamin Bewersdorf (2014). Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision, by Neil Tennant. Mind 123 (489):246-251.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Vivek Bharathan & John R. Josephson (2006). Belief Revision Controlled by Meta-Abduction. Logic Journal of the Igpl 14 (2):271-285.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Cristina Bicchieri, Richard Jeffrey & Brian Skyrms (1999). Knowledge, Belief, and Counterfactual Reasoning in Games. In Cristina Bicchieri, Richard C. Jeffrey & Brian Skyrms (eds.), The Logic of Strategy. Oxford University Press.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Akeel Bilgrami (2004). Knowledge and Decision: Essays on Isaac Levi. Synthese 140:391-392.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Paul Kevin Black (1996). An Examination of Belief Functions and Other Monotone Capacities. Dissertation, Carnegie Mellon University
    The original motivation for this work was brought about by observations that belief function theory had gained widespread acceptance, especially in the artificial intelligence community, as a convenient representation of uncertainty. Given that belief function theory does not correspond to Bayesian probability theory, it seemed natural to want to examine the new theory, from foundational issues through its potential application to inference and decision problems, to assess the validity of its continued use in real world applications. To obtain sufficient understanding (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Ma Bluck & G. H. Bower (1986). Category Learning, Judgment, and the Rescorla-Wagner Model (Aka the Delta-Rule). Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):326-326.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Alexander Bochman (2000). Belief Contraction as Nonmonotonic Inference. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):605-626.
    A notion of an epistemic state is introduced as a generalization of common representations suggested for belief change. Based on it, a new kind of nonmonotonic inference relation corresponding to belief contractions is defined. A number of representation results is established that cover both traditional AGM contractions and contractions that do not satisfy recovery.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Radu J. Bogdan (2004). What is Epistemic Discourse About? In D. Kolak & J. Symons (eds.), Quantifiers, Questions and Quantum Physics. Springer. 49--60.
  45. Joseph E. Boland (1931). Logic and Epistemology. Modern Schoolman 8 (2):39-39.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Giacomo Bonanno (2011). AGM Belief Revision in Dynamic Games. In Krzysztof Apt (ed.), Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge (TARK XIII).
    Within the context of extensive-form (or dynamic) games, we use choice frames to represent the initial beliefs of a player as well as her disposition to change those beliefs when she learns that an information set of hers has been reached. As shown in [5], in order for the revision operation to be consistent with the AGM postulates [1], the player’s choice frame must be rationalizable in terms of a total pre-order on the set of histories. We consider four properties (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Giacomo Bonanno (2007). Axiomatic Characterization of the AGM Theory of Belief Revision in a Temporal Logic. Artificial Intelligence 171 (2-3):144-160.
    Since belief revision deals with the interaction of belief and information over time, branching-time temporal logic seems a natural setting for a theory of belief change. We propose two extensions of a modal logic that, besides the next-time temporal operator, contains a belief operator and an information operator. The first logic is shown to provide an axiomatic characterization of the first six postulates of the AGM theory of belief revision, while the second, stronger, logic provides an axiomatic characterization of the (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Giacomo Bonanno (1992). Rational Beliefs in Extensive Games. Theory and Decision 33 (2):153-176.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Giovanni Boniolo & Silvio Valentini (2008). Vagueness, Kant and Topology: A Study of Formal Epistemology. Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (2):141 - 168.
    In this paper we propose an approach to vagueness characterised by two features. The first one is philosophical: we move along a Kantian path emphasizing the knowing subject’s conceptual apparatus. The second one is formal: to face vagueness, and our philosophical view on it, we propose to use topology and formal topology. We show that the Kantian and the topological features joined together allow us an atypical, but promising, way of considering vagueness.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Daniel J. Boorstin, “The Greatest Obstacle to Discovery is Not Ignorance – It is the Illusion of Knowledge.”.
    Logicians have long recognized a distinction between categorical, conditional and hypothetical reasoning. Roughly speaking, categorical reasoning exhibits the form "? since ?". Conditional reasoning exhibits the form "If ? then ?". Hypothetical reasoning exhibits the form ?Since ?, it is reasonable to suppose (conjecture, hypothesize) that ?¬. Categorical and hypothetical reasoning is a matter of drawing consequences. Conditional reasoning is a matter of spotting consequences, not drawing them. Categorical reasoning maps belief to belief. Conditional reasoning engenders implicational belief. Hypothetical reasoning (...)
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1042