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  1. Peter Alward, Comments on “Individuating Lexical Types And.
    In this commentary, I am going to focus on the earlier sections of Lapointe’s paper in which she defends an interpretation of Frege’s account of the individuation of lexical types. According to Lapointe, Frege rejects the view that two signs – concrete particulars – belong to the same lexical type just in case they are tokens of the same orthographic or phonographic type. Instead Frege’s position is that two signs belong to the same lexical type “only if they are recognized (...)
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  2. Kent Bach (2007). Reflections on Reference and Reflexivity. In Michael O'Rourke Corey Washington (ed.), Situating Semantics: Essays on the Philosophy of John Perry. 395--424.
    In Reference and Reflexivity, John Perry tries to reconcile referentialism with a Fregean concern for cognitive significance. His trick is to supplement referential content with what he calls ‘‘reflexive’’ content. Actually, there are several levels of reflexive content, all to be distinguished from the ‘‘official,’’ referential content of an utterance. Perry is convinced by two arguments for referentialism, the ‘‘counterfactual truth-conditions’’ and the ‘‘same-saying’’ arguments, but he also acknowledges the force of two Fregean arguments against it, arguments that pose the (...)
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  3. David Bell (1990). How 'Russellian' Was Frege? Mind 99 (394):267-277.
  4. Richard Arnot Home Bett (ed.) (2010). The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism. Cambridge University Press.
    This volume offers a comprehensive survey of the main periods, schools, and individual proponents of scepticism in the ancient Greek and Roman world.
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  5. Steven E. Boër (2000). Unmentionables and Ineffables: An Interpretation of Some Fregean Metaphysical and Semantical Discourse. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 97 (1):53-96.
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  6. Mauro Bonazzi (2011). A Pyrrhonian Plato? : Again on Sextus on Aenesidemus on Plato. In Diego E. Machuca (ed.), New Essays on Ancient Pyrrhonism. Brill.
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  7. Otávio Bueno (2011). Is the Pyrrhonist an Internalist? In Diego E. Machuca (ed.), New Essays on Ancient Pyrrhonism. Brill. 126--179.
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  8. Ben Caplan (2007). Millian Descriptivism. Philosophical Studies 133 (2):181-198.
    In this paper, I argue against Millian Descriptivism: that is, the view that, although sentences that contain names express singular propositions, when they use those sentences speakers communicate descriptive propositions. More precisely, I argue that Millian Descriptivism fares no better (or worse) than Fregean Descriptivism: that is, the view that sentences express descriptive propositions. This is bad news for Millian Descriptivists who think that Fregean Descriptivism is dead.
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  9. Ben Caplan (2005). Against Widescopism. Philosophical Studies 125 (2):167-190.
    Descriptivists say that every name is synonymous with some definite description, and Descriptivists who are Widescopers say that the definite description that a name is synonymous with must take wide scope with respect to modal adverbs such as “necessarily”. In this paper, I argue against Widescopism. Widescopers should be Super Widescopers: that is, they should say that the definite description that a name is synonymous with must take wide scope with respect to complementizers such as “that”. Super Widescopers should be (...)
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  10. Eros Corazza (2005). Review of Scott Soames, Reference and Description: The Case Against Two-Dimensionalism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (12).
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  11. Martin Davies & Daniel Stoljar (2004). Introduction. Philosophical Studies 118 (1-2):1-10.
    The two-dimensional semantic framework, with its two-dimensional matrices of truth values, was developed for tense logic by Frank Vlach (1973), building on work by Hans Kamp (1971), and for modal logic by Lennart Åqvist (1973), Krister Segerberg (1973), and Bas van Fraassen (1977). Other antecedents of the contemporary use of the framework are found in formal work on contextdependence by Richard Montague (1968) and David Lewis (1970) and especially in David Kaplan’s distinction between character and content in ‘Demonstratives’ (published in (...)
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  12. Wayne A. Davis (2007). Intentionalism, Descriptivism, and Proper Names. In Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.), John Searle's Philosophy of Language: Force, Meaning, and Mind. Cambridge University Press. 102.
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  13. Jan Dejnožka (2010). Dummett's Forward Road to Frege and to Intuitionism. Diametros 25:118-131.
    This paper continues Michael Dummett's and my discussion of Frege in The Philosophy of Michael Dummett [2007]. Most of it is about Dummett’s change in view on Frege’s senses and objects. The issues include: the cognitive order versus the ontological order for the forward road; the nature and identity of senses and the different senses of "intension;" the nature of saturation; whether special quantifiers are now needed for senses; and Frege’s earlier and later permutation arguments. I discuss the implications of (...)
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  14. Danny Frederick (2013). Singular Terms, Predicates and the Spurious 'Is' of Identity. Dialectica 67 (3):325-343.
    Contemporary orthodoxy affirms that singular terms cannot be predicates and that, therefore, ‘is’ is ambiguous as between predication and identity. Recent attempts to treat names as predicates do not challenge this orthodoxy. The orthodoxy was built into the structure of modern formal logic by Frege. It is defended by arguments which I show to be unsound. I provide a semantical account of atomic sentences which draws upon Mill's account of predication, connotation and denotation. I show that singular terms may be (...)
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  15. Gottfried Gabriel (1984). Fregean Connection: Bedeutung, Value and Truth-Value. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (136):372-376.
    It is shown how frege's problematic connection between truth-Value and "bedeutung" (of a sentence) becomes more plausible when set against the background of german language and philosophy, Especially by comparing frege's position with the value-Theoretical school of neo-Kantianism (w windelband).
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  16. Markus Gabriel (2009). Skeptizismus Und Idealismus in der Antike. Suhrkamp.
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  17. Karen Green (2006). A Pinch of Salt for Frege. Synthese 150 (2):209 - 228.
    Michael Dummett has argued that a formal semantics for our language is inadequate unless it can be shown to illuminate to our actual practice of speaking and understanding. This paper argues that Frege’s account of the semantics of predicate expressions according to which the reference of a predicate is a concept (a function from objects to truth values) has exactly the required characteristics. The first part of the paper develops a model for understanding the distinction between objects and concepts as (...)
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  18. D. Greimann (2000). The Judgement-Stroke as a Truth-Operator: A New Interpretation of the Logical Form of Sentences in Frege's Scientific Language. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 52 (2):213-238.
    The syntax of Frege's scientific language iscommonly taken to be characterized by two oddities:the representation of the intended illocutionary roleof sentences by a special sign, the judgement-stroke,and the treatment of sentences as a species ofsingular terms. In this paper, an alternative view isdefended. The main theses are: (i) the syntax ofFrege's scientific language aims at an explication ofthe logical form of judgements; (ii) thejudgement-stroke is, therefore, a truth-operator, nota pragmatic operator; (iii) in Frege's first system,` ' expresses that the circumstance (...)
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  19. Bob Hale (2011). The Bearable Lightness of Being (Vol 20, Pg 399, 2010). Axiomathes 21 (4):597 - 597.
    How are philosophical questions about what kinds of things there are to be understood and how are they to be answered? This paper defends broadly Fregean answers to these questions. Ontological categories—such as object , property , and relation —are explained in terms of a prior logical categorization of expressions, as singular terms, predicates of varying degree and level, etc. Questions about what kinds of object, property, etc., there are are, on this approach, reduce to questions about truth and logical (...)
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  20. Bob Hale (1997). Grundlagen §64. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (3):243–261.
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  21. R. J. Hankinson (1995/1999). The Sceptics. Routledge.
    This book is available either individually, or as part of the specially-priced Arguments of the Philosphers Collection. This title available in eBook format. Click here for more information . Visit our eBookstore at: www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk.
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  22. David Kaplan (1964). Foundations of Intensional Logic. Dissertation, UCLA
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  23. Tapio Korte (2010). Frege's Begriffsschrift as a Lingua Characteristica. Synthese 174 (2):283 - 294.
    In this paper I suggest an answer to the question of what Frege means when he says that his logical system, the Begrijfsschrift, is like the language Leibniz sketched, a lingua characteristica, and not merely a logical calculus. According to the nineteenth century studies, Leibniz's lingua characteristica was supposed to be a language with which the truths of science and the constitution of its concepts could be accurately expressed. I argue that this is exactly what the Begriffsschrift is: it is (...)
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  24. Volha Kukushkina (2008). Wyrażenia okazjonalne jako wyrażenia funkcyjne. Diametros 17:1-29.
    I’m going to present a new idea about how to find the right place for the indexical and demonstrative expressions in Gottlob Frege’s semantics. My main thesis is: that it is possible to find such interpretation of Frege’s view on indexicals and demonstratives which is entirely “fregean” and is not vulnerable to the counterexamples given by Kaplan and Perry. According to the interpretation I propose, these expressions are functional and they denote first-level functions defined on objects. These functional expressions taken (...)
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  25. Mi-Kyoung Lee (2010). Antecedents in Early Greek Philosophy. In Richard Arnot Home Bett (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism. Cambridge University Press. 13.
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  26. James Levine (2002). Analysis and Decomposition in Frege and Russell. Philosophical Quarterly 52 (207):195-216.
    Michael Dummett has long argued that Frege is committed to recognizing a distinction between two sorts of analysis of propositional contents: 'analysis', which reveals the entities that one must grasp in order to apprehend a given propositional content; and 'decomposition', which is used in recognizing the validity of certain inferences. Whereas any propositional content admits of a unique ultimate 'analysis' into simple constituents, it also admits of distinct 'decompositions', no one of which is ultimately privileged over the others. I argue (...)
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  27. Diego E. Machuca (2011). Introduction. In D. E. Machuca (ed.), Pyrrhonism in Ancient, Modern, and Contemporary Philosophy. Springer.
  28. John Perry (1970). The Same F. Philosophical Review 79 (2):181-200.
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  29. Ulrich Reichard (forthcoming). Objects, Concepts, Unity. In Piotr Stalmaszczyk (ed.), Philosophy of Language and Linguistics: The Legacy of Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein. Ontos.
    The paradox of the concept horse has often been taken to be devastating for Frege’s ontological distinction between objects and concepts. I argue that if we consider how the concept-object distinction is supposed to account for the unity of linguistic meaning, it transpires that the paradox is in fact not paradoxical.
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  30. Malcolm Schofield, Myles Burnyeat & Jonathan Barnes (eds.) (1980). Doubt and Dogmatism: Studies in Hellenistic Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    THE PROTAGONISTS David Sedley The primary object of this historical introduction1 is to enable a reader encountering Hellenistic philosophy for the first ...
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  31. J. P. Smit & A. Steglich-Petersen (2010). Anaphora and Semantic Innocence. Journal of Semantics 27 (1):119-124.
    Semantic theories that violate semantic innocence, i.e. require reference-shifts when terms are embedded in ‘that’ clauses and the like, are often challenged by producing sentences where an anaphoric expression, while not itself embedded in a context in which reference shifts, is anaphoric on an antecedent expression that is embedded in such a context. This, in conjunction with a widely accepted principle concerning unproblematic anaphora, is used to show that such reference shifting has absurd consequences. We show that it is the (...)
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  32. Emidio Spinelli (2005). Questioni Scettiche: Letture Introduttive Al Pirronismo Antico. Lithos.
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  33. Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen & J. P. Smit (2010). Anaphora and Semantic Innocence. Journal of Semantics 27 (1):ffp012.
    Semantic theories that violate semantic innocence, i.e. require reference-shifts when terms are embedded in ‘that’ clauses and the like, are often challenged by producing sentences where an anaphoric expression, while not itself embedded in a context in which reference shifts, is anaphoric on an antecedent expression that is embedded in such a context. This, in conjunction with a widely accepted principle concerning unproblematic anaphora, is used to show that such reference shifting has absurd consequences. We show that it is the (...)
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  34. Gisela Striker (2010). Academics Versus Pyrrhonists, Reconsidered. In Richard Arnot Home Bett (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism. Cambridge University Press. 195.
  35. William W. Taschek (2008). Truth, Assertion, and the Horizontal: Frege on "the Essence of Logic". Mind 117 (466):375-401.
    In the opening to his late essay, Der Gedanke, Frege asserts without qualification that the word "true" points the way for logic. But in a short piece from his Nachlass entitled "y Basic Logical Insights", Frege writes that the word true makes an unsuccessful attempt to point to the essence of logic, asserting instead that "what really pertains to logic lies not in the word "true" but in the assertoric force with which the sentence is uttered". Properly understanding what Frege (...)
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  36. Harald Thorsrud (2011). Sextus Empiricus on Skeptical Piety. In Diego E. Machuca (ed.), New Essays on Ancient Pyrrhonism. Brill. 126--91.
  37. James Warren (2011). What God Didn't Know (Sextus Empiricus AM IX 162-166). In Diego E. Machuca (ed.), New Essays on Ancient Pyrrhonism. Brill. 126--41.
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  38. Marta Anna Włodarczyk (2000). Pyrrhonian Inquiry. Cambridge Philological Society.
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