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G. W. F. Hegel

Edited by Paul Redding (University of Sydney)
Assistant editor: Paolo Diego Bubbio (University of Western Sydney)
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Summary

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) is generally considered to be the most systematic philosopher within the movement of “German idealism” in the first decades of the Nineteenth Century. In his writings, and particularly in his popular lectures at the University of Berlin in the 1820s, Hegel attempted to elaborate a comprehensive and systematic philosophy from a “logical” starting point. He is perhaps most well-known for his social and political philosophy and for his teleological account of history, an account which was later taken over by Karl Marx and “inverted” into a materialist theory of an historical development culminating in communism. For most of the twentieth century, the “logical” and systematic side of Hegel's thought had been largely forgotten, but his political and social philosophy continued to attract interest and support. Since the 1970s, a degree of more general philosophical interest in Hegel’s systematic thought has also been revived, often treating Hegel’s philosophy in relation to the earlier “transcendental” idealism of Immanuel Kant.

Key works Hegel's first major publication was his Phenomenology of Spirit (Phänomenologie des Geistes) [Hegel 1977], published in 1807. Working through this work was meant to lift the reader from their naturally perspectival view of the world to the objective standpoint of philosophy or "science" (Wissenschaft). This work was followed by his Science of Logic (Wissenschaft der Logik) published in three volumes in 1812, 1813 and 1816 [Hegel 2010], and then, in 1817, his Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, comprising a shortened "Logic" [Hegel 2010], a "Philosophy of Nature" [Hegel 1970] and a "Philosophy of Spirit" [Hegel 2007]. While occupying the chair of philosophy at the University of Berlin, Hegel gave multiple lecture series on the Philosophy of History [Hegel 2011], the History of Philosophy [Brown 2009, Brown 2006, Brown 2009], Aesthetics [Hegel 1998, Hegel 1998], and Philosophy of Religion [Hegel 2006].
Introductions Online encyclopedia articles: David A. Duquette, "Hegel's Social and Political Thought" [Duquette 2001]; Paul Redding, "G. W. F. Hegel" [Redding 2008]. Book-length introductory works: Frederick Beiser, Hegel [Beiser 2005]; Stephen Houlgate, An Introduction to Hegel: Freedom, Truth and History [Houlgate 2005]; Peter Singer, Hegel: A Very Short Introduction [Singer 2001]. Terry Pinkard, Hegel: A Biography [Pinkard 2001] provides a comprehensive introduction to all spheres of Hegel's philosophy presented in the context of his biography.
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  1. G. Abel (1989). Interpretation Worlds. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 96 (1):1-19.
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  2. C. Adair-Toteff (1999). F Voigt's "Die Tragodie Des Reiches Gottes"? [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 39:126-129.
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  3. C. Adair-Toteff (1997). N Waszek’s Eduard Gans 1797-1839: Hegelianer-Jude-Europaer; M H Hoffheimer's Eduard Gans And The Hegelian Philosophy Of Law. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 36:46-49.
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  4. C. Adair-Toteff (1995). A Rosas's Transzendentaler Idealismus Und Widerlegung Der Skepsis Bei Kant; G Mohr's Das Sinnliche Ich: Innerersinn Und Bewusstein Bei Kant. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 32:19-22.
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  5. C. Adair-Toteff (1994). T R's A Historical Introduction To Hegel's Thought. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 30:43-45.
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  6. C. Adair-Toteff (1993). K C Kohnke ’s The Rise Of Neo-Kantianism. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 27:29-32.
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  7. C. Adair-Toteff (1993). R Howell's Kant's Transcendental Deduction. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 27:25-27.
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  8. Christopher Adair-Toteff, Howard Adelman, Rolf Ahlers, James W. Allard, Kevin Anderson, Jami Anderson, John J. Ansbro, Elizabeth Apetz & Kostas Bagakis (1997). The Hegel Society of America: Roster. The Owl of Minerva 29 (1):119-137.
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  9. George Plimptom Adams (1911). The Mystical Element in Hegel's Early Theological Writings. Philosophical Review 20 (6):669-670.
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  10. Howard Adelman, Jim Applebaum, Jennifer Bates & Jonathan M. Bowman (2001). The Hegel Societ y of America: Addendum to the Spring 2001 Roster. The Owl of Minerva 33 (1):02.
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  11. Brent Adkins (2002). Stewart Barnett Ed's Hegel After Derrida. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 45:134-138.
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  12. Giorgio Agamben (2006). Language and Death: The Place of Negativity. Univ of Minnesota Press.
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  13. J. Agassi (1958). Review: A Hegelian View of Complementarity. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (33):57 - 63.
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  14. B. Agger (1975). Marxism and Hegel. Telos 1975 (24):187-193.
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  15. Rolf Ahlers (2000). Meeting of the Internationale Hegel-Vereinigung. The Owl of Minerva 31 (2):203-210.
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  16. Priya Radhakrishnan Aiyar (1998). Freedom and Political Community in Hegel and Rawls.
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  17. K. Akamatsu (1928). I. Wie ist das vernünftige Sollen und die Wissenschaft des Sollens bei Hegel möglich? Zur Kritik der Rickert'schen Abhandlung „Über idealistische Politik als Wissenschaft“. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 38 (1-4):1-17.
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  18. Alain (1939). Idées Introduction a la Philosophie : Platon, Descartes, Hegel, Comte. Paul Hartmann.
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  19. Alain (1932). Idées Platon, Descartes, Hegel. Hartmann.
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  20. Hagit Aldema (2012). Unhappiness: Dialectic Terminable and Interminable. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 26 (3):572-588.
    The purpose of the present work is to analyze Hegel's Unhappy Consciousness in light of the psychoanalytic conceptualization of the relation Subject-Other. The analysis will investigate unhappiness on two counts: its relation to Hegelian dialectic and the possibility of its coming to an end. Examining Hegelian unhappiness through the prism of psychoanalytic thought will allow us to formulate a crucial distinction between the philosophical (Hegelian) and psychoanalytic (Freudian, Lacanian) approaches to unhappiness as they relate to the arch-concepts of knowledge, possibility, (...)
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  21. Horst Althaus (2014). Hegel: An Intellectual Biography. Polity.
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  22. Eduardo Álvarez (2011). Intersubjektivität und geist: Ein kommentar über Hegel und Husserl. Hegel-Jahrbuch 13:322-326.
  23. Mark Alznauer (2013). The Role Of. The Owl of Minerva 44 (1/2):67-92.
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  24. Mark Alznauer (2012). The Role of "Morality" in Hegel's Theory of Action. The Owl of Minerva 44 (1):67-92.
    Michael Quante has successfully shown that the “Morality” section of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right provides an account of the cognitive conditions that must be satisfied for the imputation of actions. In this essay, I argue that Quante’s picture of these conditions is misleadingly cropped, obscuring the fact that the specific cognitive conditions Hegel places on agency are much stronger than has been recognized, and of a different kind. This suggests a much different interpretation of Hegel’s philosophy of action, one that (...)
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  25. D. Ambrose, Hegel, Absolute Freedom and Terror.
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  26. Darran Ambrose (2004). Leo Rauch & David Sherman's Hegel's Phenomenology Of Self-Consciousness: Text And Commentary. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 49:151-158.
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  27. Darren Ambrose (2004). The Sunday of the Negative: Reading Bataille Reading Hegel. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 125.
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  28. K. Ameriks (2002). Hegel's Aesthetics: New Perspectives On Its Response To Kant And Romanticism. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 45:72-92.
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  29. K. Ameriks (1993). R Stern's Hegel, Kant And The Structure Of The Object. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 27:58-60.
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  30. Deland Scott Anderson (1991). Speculative Good Friday: The Death of God in G. W. F. Hegel's "Critical Journal of Philosophy". Dissertation, University of Virginia
    The Death of God is a recurrent theme throughout the thought of G. W. F. Hegel. This dissertation examines Hegel's utterance of the death of God in its methodological, biographical, and hermeneutical contexts. By focusing on the issues of language, life, and learning in the work of Hegel, the author presents an integrated perspective on the role of the death of God in Hegel's philosophy as it emerged in the early years at Jena. The Kritische Journal der Philosophie, edited by (...)
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  31. Floy Andrews Doull (2000). Hegel's Presentation Of The Cartesian Philosophy In The Lectures On The History Of Philosophy. Animus 5:22-42.
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  32. Floy Andrews (2000). Hegel's Presentation of the Cartesian Philosophy in the Lectures on the History of Philosophy. Animus 5:22-42.
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  33. Emil Angehrn (1979). Dieu selon Hegel: Essai sur la problématique de la Phénoménologie de l'Esprit (review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):353-356.
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  34. Pavel Apostol (1900). Probleme de Logica Dialectica În Filozofia Lui G. W. F. Hegel. Editura Academiei Republicii Populare Romîne.
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  35. Kurt Appel, Andreas Arndt, Jure Zovko & Henk de Berg (2007). Brent Adkins, Death and Desire in Hegel, Heidegger and Deleuze. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007. Jolyon Agar, Rethinking Marxism: From Kant and Hegel to Marx and Engels. London: Routledge, 2007. [REVIEW] The Owl of Minerva 39:1-2.
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  36. Márcia Zebina Araújo Da Silva (2008). A Vida do espírito. Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 11 (1):159-174.
    hegel does not destine any part of its workmanships to deal with the life of the spirit, however, when explaining the terms where the life must be understood in the science of the logic, it differentiate the specu-lative dimension of the natural dimension and spiritual, mentioning the-mselves, specifically, to the life of the spirit. We intend, so only, to show the origin and the implications of this concept in hegel, rank that, if the natural life is the point highest the (...)
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  37. Kátia Silva Araújo (2005). O Belo e o Destino: uma introdução à Filosofia de Hegel. Kriterion 46 (112):458-464.
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  38. C. Arthur (1991). Howard Williams’s Hegel, Heraclitus And Marx's Dialectic , Geert Reuten & Michael Williams’s Value, Form And The State , Tony Smith’s The Logic Of Marx's Capital: Reply To Hegelian Criticisms. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 23:79-90.
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  39. C. Arthur (1987). Reply To Lubasz. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 16:25-27.
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  40. C. Arthur (1984). A Callinicos’s Marxism And Philosophy , D Mclellan Ed’s Marx. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 10:56-58.
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  41. Chris Arthur (1988). Hegel as Lord and Master. Radical Philosophy 50:19.
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  42. Paul Ashton (2005). William Maker's Philosophy Without Foundations: Rethinking Hegel. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 51:100-107.
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  43. Paul Asveld (1955). La Pensée Religieuse du Jeune Hegel; Liberté Et Aliénation. Journal of Philosophy 52 (24):754-756.
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  44. S. Avineri (1982). Hegel And The Emergence Of Zionism. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 6:12-18.
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  45. Shlomo Avineri (1967). The Hegelian Origins of Marx's Political Thought. Review of Metaphysics 21 (1):33 - 56.
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  46. A. Axiotis (1991). Fiat Vita, Pereat Veritas. Nietzsche's Untimely Reflections On Hegel's Dialectic Of History. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 23:61-78.
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  47. A. Axiotis & V. Allen (1994). W Desmond's Beyond Hegel And Dialectic: Speculation, Cult And Comedy. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 30:77-79.
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  48. A. B. (1962). Hegel on Art. Review of Metaphysics 16 (1):166-166.
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  49. F. E. B. (1960). Highlights. Review of Metaphysics 14 (1):171-171.
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  50. G. B. (1960). Prime Ricerche di Hegel. Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):532-532.
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