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G. W. F. Hegel

Edited by Paul Redding (University of Sydney)
Assistant editor: Paolo Diego Bubbio (University of Western Sydney)
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Summary

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) is generally considered to be the most systematic philosopher within the movement of “German idealism” in the first decades of the Nineteenth Century. In his writings, and particularly in his popular lectures at the University of Berlin in the 1820s, Hegel attempted to elaborate a comprehensive and systematic philosophy from a “logical” starting point. He is perhaps most well-known for his social and political philosophy and for his teleological account of history, an account which was later taken over by Karl Marx and “inverted” into a materialist theory of an historical development culminating in communism. For most of the twentieth century, the “logical” and systematic side of Hegel's thought had been largely forgotten, but his political and social philosophy continued to attract interest and support. Since the 1970s, a degree of more general philosophical interest in Hegel’s systematic thought has also been revived, often treating Hegel’s philosophy in relation to the earlier “transcendental” idealism of Immanuel Kant.

Key works Hegel's first major publication was his Phenomenology of Spirit (Phänomenologie des Geistes) [Hegel 1977], published in 1807. Working through this work was meant to lift the reader from their naturally perspectival view of the world to the objective standpoint of philosophy or "science" (Wissenschaft). This work was followed by his Science of Logic (Wissenschaft der Logik) published in three volumes in 1812, 1813 and 1816 [Hegel 2010], and then, in 1817, his Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, comprising a shortened "Logic" [Hegel 2010], a "Philosophy of Nature" [Hegel 1970] and a "Philosophy of Spirit" [Hegel 2007]. While occupying the chair of philosophy at the University of Berlin, Hegel gave multiple lecture series on the Philosophy of History [Hegel 2011], the History of Philosophy [Brown 2009, Brown 2006, Brown 2009], Aesthetics [Hegel 1998, Hegel 1998], and Philosophy of Religion [Hegel 2006].
Introductions Online encyclopedia articles: David A. Duquette, "Hegel's Social and Political Thought" [Duquette 2001]; Paul Redding, "G. W. F. Hegel" [Redding 2008]. Book-length introductory works: Frederick Beiser, Hegel [Beiser 2005]; Stephen Houlgate, An Introduction to Hegel: Freedom, Truth and History [Houlgate 2005]; Peter Singer, Hegel: A Very Short Introduction [Singer 2001]. Terry Pinkard, Hegel: A Biography [Pinkard 2001] provides a comprehensive introduction to all spheres of Hegel's philosophy presented in the context of his biography.
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  1. Christopher Adair-Toteff, Howard Adelman, Rolf Ahlers, James W. Allard, Kevin Anderson, Jami Anderson, John J. Ansbro, Elizabeth Apetz & Kostas Bagakis (1997). The Hegel Society of America: Roster. The Owl of Minerva 29 (1):119-137.
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  2. Howard Adelman, Jim Applebaum, Jennifer Bates & Jonathan M. Bowman (2001). The Hegel Societ y of America: Addendum to the Spring 2001 Roster. The Owl of Minerva 33 (1):02.
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  3. Brent Adkins (2002). Stewart Barnett Ed's Hegel After Derrida. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 45:134-138.
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  4. J. Agassi (1958). Review: A Hegelian View of Complementarity. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (33):57 - 63.
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  5. B. Agger (1975). Marxism and Hegel. Telos 1975 (24):187-193.
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  6. K. Akamatsu (1928). I. Wie ist das vernünftige Sollen und die Wissenschaft des Sollens bei Hegel möglich? Zur Kritik der Rickert'schen Abhandlung „Über idealistische Politik als Wissenschaft“. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 38 (1-4):1-17.
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  7. Hagit Aldema (2012). Unhappiness: Dialectic Terminable and Interminable. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 26 (3):572-588.
    The purpose of the present work is to analyze Hegel's Unhappy Consciousness in light of the psychoanalytic conceptualization of the relation Subject-Other. The analysis will investigate unhappiness on two counts: its relation to Hegelian dialectic and the possibility of its coming to an end. Examining Hegelian unhappiness through the prism of psychoanalytic thought will allow us to formulate a crucial distinction between the philosophical (Hegelian) and psychoanalytic (Freudian, Lacanian) approaches to unhappiness as they relate to the arch-concepts of knowledge, possibility, (...)
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  8. Mark Alznauer (2013). The Role Of. The Owl of Minerva 44 (1/2):67-92.
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  9. Mark Alznauer (2012). The Role of "Morality" in Hegel's Theory of Action. The Owl of Minerva 44 (1):67-92.
    Michael Quante has successfully shown that the “Morality” section of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right provides an account of the cognitive conditions that must be satisfied for the imputation of actions. In this essay, I argue that Quante’s picture of these conditions is misleadingly cropped, obscuring the fact that the specific cognitive conditions Hegel places on agency are much stronger than has been recognized, and of a different kind. This suggests a much different interpretation of Hegel’s philosophy of action, one that (...)
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  10. K. Ameriks (1993). R Stern's Hegel, Kant And The Structure Of The Object. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 27:58-60.
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  11. Emil Angehrn (1979). Dieu selon Hegel: Essai sur la problématique de la Phénoménologie de l'Esprit (review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):353-356.
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  12. Kurt Appel, Andreas Arndt, Jure Zovko & Henk de Berg (2007). Brent Adkins, Death and Desire in Hegel, Heidegger and Deleuze. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007. Jolyon Agar, Rethinking Marxism: From Kant and Hegel to Marx and Engels. London: Routledge, 2007. [REVIEW] The Owl of Minerva 39:1-2.
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  13. Márcia Zebina Araújo Da Silva (2008). A Vida do espírito. Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 11 (1):159-174.
    hegel does not destine any part of its workmanships to deal with the life of the spirit, however, when explaining the terms where the life must be understood in the science of the logic, it differentiate the specu-lative dimension of the natural dimension and spiritual, mentioning the-mselves, specifically, to the life of the spirit. We intend, so only, to show the origin and the implications of this concept in hegel, rank that, if the natural life is the point highest the (...)
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  14. Kátia Silva Araújo (2005). O Belo e o Destino: uma introdução à Filosofia de Hegel. Kriterion 46 (112):458-464.
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  15. C. Arthur (1991). Howard Williams’s Hegel, Heraclitus And Marx's Dialectic , Geert Reuten & Michael Williams’s Value, Form And The State , Tony Smith’s The Logic Of Marx's Capital: Reply To Hegelian Criticisms. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 23:79-90.
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  16. C. Arthur (1984). A Callinicos’s Marxism And Philosophy , D Mclellan Ed’s Marx. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 10:56-58.
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  17. Shlomo Avineri (1967). The Hegelian Origins of Marx's Political Thought. Review of Metaphysics 21 (1):33 - 56.
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  18. A. B. (1962). Hegel on Art. Review of Metaphysics 16 (1):166-166.
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  19. R. J. B. (1971). Critique of Hegel's 'Philosophy of Right'. Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):131-132.
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  20. R. J. B. (1970). Hegel's Concept of Experience. Review of Metaphysics 24 (2):340-340.
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  21. R. J. B. (1970). Hegel's Philosophy of Nature. Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):741-742.
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  22. R. J. B. (1969). Introduction to the Reading of Hegel. Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):349-349.
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  23. Tom Bailey (2006). Elliot I Jurist's Beyond Hegel And Nietzsche: Philosophy, Culture And Agency. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 53:141-145.
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  24. Christine Bartlitz (2012). Mutterland: Minna Rattay (1902-1943) Und Ihre Töchter. Metropol.
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  25. Jennifer Bates (1998). Recent Dissertations. The Owl of Minerva 30 (1):237-238.
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  26. Michael Baur (2013). Lydia L. Moland, Hegel on Political Identity: Patriotism, Nationality, Cosmopolitanism. [REVIEW] The Owl of Minerva 45 (1/2):112-115.
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  27. Michael Baur (1992). " Hegel and Heidegger as Transcendental Philosophers." Directed by Profs. Graeme A. Nicholson and Rebecca Comay. The Owl of Minerva 24 (1):125-128.
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  28. Nancy Fay Baur & Paul Sandvold Baxter (1998). Recent Dissertations. The Owl of Minerva 29 (2).
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  29. F. Beiser (1995). Hegel, A Non-Metaphysician? A Polemic: Review Of H T Englehardt And T Pinkard Eds., Hegel Reconsidered: Beyond Metaphysics And The Authoritarian State. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 32:1-13.
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  30. Frederick Beiser (1996). Response to Pinkard. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 34:21-6.
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  31. Frederick Beiser (1995). Hegel, a Non-Metaphysician! A Polemic. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 32:1-13.
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  32. S. Benhabib (1985). A Ryan's Property And Political Theory. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 12:30-33.
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  33. C. Bennett (1997). H P Kainz's An Introduction To Hegel: The Stages Of Modern Philosophy. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 36:43-45.
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  34. C. Bennett (1997). M Rosen's On Voluntary Servitude. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 36:60-64.
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  35. Hilan Bensusan (2007). Pode Deus determinar o valor de pi? (Ou, pensar na objetividade depois de Hegel e Wittgenstein). Kriterion 48 (115):47-66.
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  36. J. C. Berendzen (2008). Institutional Design and Public Space: Hegel, Architecture, and Democracy. Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (2):291-307.
  37. R. Berki (1985). Z A Pelczynski’s The State And Civil Society. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 11:34-37.
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  38. R. Berki (1981). N Fischer's Economy And The Self: Philsophy Ad Economics From The Mercantilists To Marx. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 3:48-50.
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  39. J. Bernstein (1988). L Waters & W Godzich Eds's Reading De Man Reading P De Man, Critical Writings. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 18:58-63.
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  40. J. Bernstein (1986). D Kolb's The Critique Of Pure Modernity. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 14:41-47.
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  41. J. Bernstein (1986). D P Verene's Hegel's Recollection. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 13:48-52.
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  42. J. Bernstein (1984). P Hoffman's The Anatomy Of Idealism. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 10:54-56.
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  43. J. Bernstein (1982). M Westphal's Method And Speculation In Hegel's Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 6:33-36.
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  44. Richard J. Bernstein (1991). Hegel's Critique of Liberalism. Review of Metaphysics 44 (4):870-870.
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  45. Daniel Berthold-Bond (1991). Hegel's Epistemological Realism. Review of Metaphysics 45 (1):157-158.
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  46. Sai Prakash Bhatawadekar (2007). Recent Dissertations. The Owl of Minerva 39 (1-2):1-2.
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  47. James Blachowicz (1999). Knowledge Vs. Inquiry: Comment on Brendan Larvor's Criticism of Hegel's Philosophy of Mathematics. The Owl of Minerva 31 (1):45-52.
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  48. Rudolf Boehm (1969). Hegel en de fenomenologie. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 31 (3):471 - 489.
    Hegels Philosophie ist die wissenschaftliche Weltanschauung unserer Zeit, so lautet die These, d.h. Ausdruck einer selbst zur Ideologie entarteten Idee von Wissen, in die unser Zeitalter, als das „Zeitalter der Wissenschaft”, alle Hoffnung der Menschheit setzt. Es ist die der klassischen griechischen Philosophie entstammende Idee, daß wahres Wissen, und mithin grundlegend auch für jede erfolgversprechende Praxis, allein rein theoretisches Wissen sei. Dieses Wissen fordert Objektivität, weil es für das einzig Wirkliche das in sich und an sich Bestimmte hält und Wahrheit (...)
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  49. Karin De Boer (2010). The Dissolving Force of the Concept. Review of Metaphysics 57 (4):787-822.
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  50. Karin De Boer (2004). The Dissolving Force of the Concept: Hegel's Ontological Logic. Review of Metaphysics 57 (4):787 - 822.
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