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General Philosophy of Science

Assistant editor: Justin Bzovy (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. added 2015-03-28
    Jesús Zamora Bonilla (2013). Cooperation, Competition, and the Contractarian View of Scientific Research. Etica E Politica 15 (2):14-24.
    Using the approach known as ‘Economics of Scientific Knowledge’, this paperdefends the view of scientific norms as the result of a ‘social contract’, i.e., as anequilibrium in the game of selecting the norms under which toproceed to play the game of scientific research and publication. Acategorisation of the relevant types of scientific norms is offered, as well as adiscussion about the incentives of the researchers in choosing some or otheralternative rules.
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  2. added 2015-03-28
    Eckhart Arnold (2013). Simulation Models of the Evolution of Cooperation as Proofs of Logical Possibilities: How Useful Are They? Etica E Politica 15 (2):101-138.
    This paper discusses critically what simulation models of the evolution ofcooperation can possibly prove by examining Axelrod’s “Evolution of Cooperation” and the modeling tradition it has inspired. Hardly any of the many simulation models of the evolution of cooperation in this tradition have been applicable empirically. Axelrod’s role model suggested a research design that seemingly allowed to draw general conclusions from simulation models even if the mechanisms that drive the simulation could not be identified empirically. But this research design was (...)
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  3. added 2015-03-28
    Massimo Pigliucci (2008). Science: The Old and the New. Philosophy Now 70:38-38.
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  4. added 2015-03-28
    Massimo Pigliucci (2007). Philosophy, Science and Everything. Philosophy Now 59:17-18.
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  5. added 2015-03-28
    Stephen Kellert, Helen Longino & C. Kenneth Waters (eds.) (2006). Theoretical Pluralism and the Scientific Study of Behavior. University of Minnesota Press.
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  6. added 2015-03-28
    Massimo Pigliucci (2006). Philosophy & Science: Is Ethics a Science? Philosophy Now 55:25-25.
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  7. added 2015-03-28
    Janet A. Kourany (ed.) (2002). The Gender of Science. Prentice Hall.
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  8. added 2015-03-28
    Dragana Bozin (1993). Alternative Scales for Extensive Measurement: Combining Operations and Conventionalism. Dissertation, Rice University
    This thesis concerns alternative concatenating operations in extensive measurements and the degree to which concatenating operations are matter of convention. My arguments are directed against Ellis' claim that what prevents us from choosing alternative ways of combining extensive quantities is only convenience and simplicity and that the choice is not based on empirical reasons. ;My first argument is that, given certain relational theories of measurement, there can be no more than one concatenating operation per quantity; because combining operations are the (...)
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  9. added 2015-03-28
    Nader N. Chokr (1991). Clusters' Last Stand: Toward a Theory of the Process of Meaning-Making in Science. Dissertation, Rice University
    The nature of the process of meaning-making in science has been one of the central problems in the philosophy of science of the 20th century. Yet, in spite of strenuous efforts by many able philosophers and historians of science over the past three decades or so, our understanding of this process continues to be unsatisfactory and fragmented at best. The need for an adequate account has been particularly exacerbated by the "infamous" and often misinterpreted problem of incommensurability , and its (...)
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  10. added 2015-03-28
    George Kimball Plochmann (1959). Von Wright, Georg Henrik. "The Logical Problem of Induction". [REVIEW] Modern Schoolman 37:142.
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  11. added 2015-03-28
    Brian Coffey (1948). WIGNER, E. P. "Physical Science and Human Values". [REVIEW] Modern Schoolman 26:263.
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  12. added 2015-03-27
    Michael Byron (forthcoming). Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction. Disputatio.
    Byron_Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction.
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  13. added 2015-03-27
    Alberto Vanzo (forthcoming). Introduction to "Experience in Natural Philosophy and Medicine". Perspectives on Science 24.
    The articles in the special issue "Experience in natural philosophy and medicine" discuss the roles and notions of experience in the works of a range of early modern authors, including Galileo Galilei, Francis Bacon, the Dutch atomist David Gorlaeus, William Harvey, and Christian Wolff. The articles extend the evidential basis on which we can rely to identify trends, changes and continuities in the roles and notions of experience in the period of the Scientific Revolution. They shed light on the longstanding (...)
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  14. added 2015-03-27
    Miles MacLeod (forthcoming). Modernizing Philosophy of Science for the Philosopher and Student Alike. Metascience:1-4.
    Philosophy of science is a rapidly evolving and increasingly inclusive academic field. It is one of the most dynamic branches of philosophy. However, for the most part, philosophy of science has been taught historically by recounting and tracing through discussions and debates from the early to late twentieth century. Great texts of positivism, instrumentalism, demarcation, falsification, paradigm shifts, realism, observation and so on are handed out to students and critically assessed. There is something rather puzzling about this way of teaching (...)
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  15. added 2015-03-27
    Ian Kidd (2014). Doing Away With Scientism. Philosophy Now 102:30-31.
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  16. added 2015-03-27
    Jonas Dagys (2012). Is Inference to the Best Explanation Truth Conducive? Problemos 81:186-190.
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  17. added 2015-03-27
    Bruno Latour (2012). Visualisation and Cognition: Drawing Things Together. Avant. The Journal of the Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard 3 (T):207-260.
    The author of the present paper argues that while trying to explain the institutional success of the science and its broad social impact, it is worth throwing aside the arguments concerning the universal traits of human nature, changes in the human mentality, or transformation of the culture and civilization, such as the development of capitalism or bureaucratic power. In the 16th century no new man emerged, and no mutants with overgrown brains work in modern laboratories. So one must also reject (...)
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  18. added 2015-03-27
    Adolfas Mackonis (2011). Psychological Adequacy and Ontological Commitments of Inference to the Best Explanation. Problemos 79:41-54.
    The article explicates psychological and ontological aspects of Inference to the Best Explanation . IBE is a psychological theory, because cognitive science studies support IBE as descriptively true and psychologically adequate theory, i.e., people perceive best explanations as true and follow the rule of IBE in their reasoning. Moreover, different features of IBE imply that conclusions of IBE can be true only in a world with a very particular ontological constitution. Realism about the external world, the uniformity of nature, the (...)
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  19. added 2015-03-27
    Francoise Monnoyeur (ed.) (2009). Questions vitales: vie biologique, vie psychique. Kime.
    Si la science et la religion tentent de répondre à la question de l’origine de la vie, ni l’une ni l’autre ne s’interrogent vraiment sur sa nature. Certes, la vie est bien cet ensemble de mécanismes étudiés par les biologistes mais c’est aussi et avant tout un phénomène à part entière. Les sciences biologiques expliquent la vie en se référant à la théorie de l’évolution, à l’ADN et au rôle des protéines mais restent à l’extérieur de la vie proprement dite. (...)
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  20. added 2015-03-27
    David Barnett (2002). Hempel On Intertheoretic Reduction Winner Of The Gerritt And Edith Schipper Undergraduate Award For Outstanding Undergraduate Paper. Florida Philosophical Review 2 (1):26-40.
    The question of whether all living things are really just complex physical ones, or whether instead there are biological entities or characteristics that cannot be fully characterized in physical terms, has historical roots buried centuries deep. Carl Hempel considers this question as an empirical one for modern science to address. Hempel’s concern is not with the answer to the question, but rather with the methods by which it may be evaluated. He considers the position of those he calls “mechanists,” that (...)
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  21. added 2015-03-27
    S. Hood (2002). Answering Some Objections To Scientific Realism. Florida Philosophical Review 2 (2):73-83.
    Scientific realism is, roughly, the thesis according to which science is an epistemically progressive enterprise and current well-confirmed theories are at least approximately true. Putnam has argued that scientific realism is the only philosophy of science that does not make the success of science a miracle. This “explanationist” defense of scientific realism has come under attack by philosophers such as Arthur Fine, Chuang Liu, and Putnam himself. In this paper, I defend the explanationist defense against some of these objections.
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  22. added 2015-03-27
    T. A. Ryckman (1998). Otto Neurath: Philosophy Between Science and Politics. Ideas in Context, Vol. 38. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 107 (2):327-329.
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  23. added 2015-03-27
    Francoise Monnoyeur (1998). Article: M. Monteiro and A.Sneller, Choosing the Better Part, Anna Maria van Schurman (1607-1678), Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996. Lychnos: Lärdomshistoriska Samfundets Årsbok = Annual of the Swedish History of Science 1998:284-285.
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  24. added 2015-03-27
    Kostas Gavroglu (1994). An Introduction to the Scientific Revolution. Neusis 1:9-17.
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  25. added 2015-03-27
    Richard Levins (1994). Defend Science, Criticize Science. Nature, Society, and Thought 7 (4):443-448.
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  26. added 2015-03-27
    Francoise Monnoyeur (ed.) (1992, 1995, 1999). Infini des mathématiciens, infini des philosophes. Editions Belin.
    Ce livre éclaire les étapes de la réflexion sur la notion philosophique et mathématique d'infini du XIVe au XIXe siècle. Un infini inaccessible qui n'a cessé de stimuler l'activité des mathématiciens, des théologiens, des philosophes et des artistes. Tous ont mis, à leur manière, leur art à son service, afin de nous permettre de mieux appréhender et transcender le fini. Ce livre éclaire, du xive au xixe siècle, les étapes de la réflexion sur la notion philosophique et mathématique d'infini.
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  27. added 2015-03-27
    Barbara von Eckardt (1990). Some Remarks on Laudan’s Theory of Scientific Rationality. Journal of Philosophical Research 15:153-167.
    When is it rational to pursue a research tradition? In Progress and Its Problems, Laudan suggests that if a research tradition RT has a higher rate of progress than any of its rivals, where the rate of progress of an RT is the problem solving effectiveness of its theories over time, then it is rational to pursue RT. In this paper I offer a number of criticisms of this suggestion, with special attention to the current controversy over the rational pursuability (...)
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  28. added 2015-03-27
    Allen Debus (1987). Myth, Allegory and Scientific Truth: An Alchemical Tradition in the Period of the Scientific Revolution. Nouvelles de la République des Lettres 1:13-35.
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  29. added 2015-03-26
    Darrell P. Rowbottom (forthcoming). On Component Forces in Physics: A Pragmatic View. In Hsiang-Ke Chao, Julian Reiss & Szu-Ting Chen (eds.), Philosophy of Science in Practice: Nancy Cartwright and the Nature of Scientific Reasoning.
    Do component forces exist? I argue that the answer lies in the affirmative, on historical and operational grounds.
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  30. added 2015-03-26
    Karen R. Zwier (2014). Interventionist Causation in Physical Science. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    The current consensus view of causation in physics, as commonly held by scientists and philosophers, has several serious problems. It fails to provide an epistemology for the causal knowledge that it claims physics to possess; it is inapplicable in a prominent area of physics (classical thermodynamics); and it is difficult to reconcile with our everyday use of causal concepts and claims. In this dissertation, I use historical examples and philosophical arguments to show that the interventionist account of causation constitutes a (...)
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  31. added 2015-03-26
    John Bickle (2012). Structuralist Contributions – and Limitations? – to the Study of Scientific Reduction. Metatheoria 2 (2):1-23.
    Structuralism provides useful resources for advancing our understanding of the intertheoretic reduction relation and its place in the history of science. This paper begins by surveying these resources and assessing their metascientific significance. Nevertheless, important challenges remain. I close by arguing that the reductionism implicit in current scientific practice in a paradigmatic reductionistic scientific field –“molecular and cellular cognition”– is better understood on an “intervene and track” model rather than as any kind of intertheoretic relation. I illustrate my alternative model (...)
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  32. added 2015-03-26
    Nick Tosh (2011). Science. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 44 (4):577-578.
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  33. added 2015-03-26
    Walter Block (2010). Is There an "Anomalous" Section of the Laffer Curve? Libertarian Papers 2.
    When an economy is at the upper part of the Laffer curve, a reduction in tax rates will, somewhat paradoxically, lead to a rise in the amount of money, both relatively and absolutely, the taxpayer will retain, but, also, to an increase in government revenues collected. The former result is a welcome one, from the libertarian perspective, not so the latter. Does this example exhibit a slight anomaly for the free enterprise philosophy , or does it furnish a true conundrum. (...)
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  34. added 2015-03-26
    Jacob Stegenga (2009). Science Without Laws: Model Systems, Cases, Exemplary Narratives. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 42 (4):626-628.
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  35. added 2015-03-26
    P. Stanford (2008). The Cognitive Structure of Scientific Revolutions. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 41 (1):116-117.
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  36. added 2015-03-26
    James Secord (2008). Public Understanding of Science: A History of Communicating Scientific Ideas. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 41 (1):144-145.
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  37. added 2015-03-26
    Marga Vicedo (2007). Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 40 (4):619-621.
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  38. added 2015-03-26
    David Gooding (2006). Thing Knowledge: A Philosophy of Scientific Instruments. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 39 (4):598-599.
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  39. added 2015-03-26
    Manfred Laubichler (2006). Models: The Third Dimension of Science. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 39 (4):596-597.
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  40. added 2015-03-26
    David Knight (2006). Inventing Temperature: Measurement and Scientific Progress. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 39 (4):599-600.
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  41. added 2015-03-26
    Friedrich Steinle (2004). Prematurity in Scientific Discovery: On Resistance and Neglect. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2):235-236.
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  42. added 2015-03-26
    David Knight (2003). Imaging a Career in Science: The Iconography of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 36 (1):87-127.
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  43. added 2015-03-26
    Armando Cíntora (1999). Critical Comments on Laudan's Theory of Scientific Aims. Sorites 10:19-38.
    Laudan's proposed constraints on cognitive aims are criticized. It is argued that: Laudan does not distinguish impossible goals from impossible but approachable goals; and owing to that imprecision Laudan recommends conservatism and mediocrity. Impossible but approachable goals can be rational objectives, if we understand means/ends rationality as the attitude of someone who tries to reach the warranted optimum means to the attainment of or approximation to his desired aims. Ideals cannot be dispensed with, because in advance there is no satisfactory (...)
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  44. added 2015-03-26
    J. V. Field (1994). The Heritage of Giotto's Geometry: Art and Science on the Eve of the Scientific Revolution. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 27 (2):225-226.
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  45. added 2015-03-26
    Stephen Pumfrey (1994). Reappraisals of the Scientific Revolution. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 27 (2):226-228.
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  46. added 2015-03-26
    George Reisch (1994). Planning Science: Otto Neurath and the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science. British Journal for the History of Science 27 (2):153-175.
    In the spring of 1937, the University of Chicago Press mailed hundreds of subscription forms for its latest enterprise – a projected series of twenty short monographs by various philosophers and scientists. Together the monographs were to form the first section of the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science. Included in each mailing was an introductory prospectus which began:Recent years have witnessed a striking growth of interest in the scientific enterprise as a whole and especially in the unity of science. The (...)
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  47. added 2015-03-26
    M. J. S. Hodge (1993). Empiricism and Darwin's Science. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 26 (1):104-105.
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  48. added 2015-03-26
    Peter Dear (1992). Persuading Science: The Art of Scientific Rhetoric. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 25 (3):387-388.
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  49. added 2015-03-26
    Nancy Nersessian (1989). Rational Changes in Science: Essays on Scientific Reasoning. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 22 (1):101-101.
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  50. added 2015-03-26
    David Gooding (1989). How to Be a Good Empiricist. British Journal for the History of Science 22 (4):419-427.
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1 — 50 / 5721