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General Philosophy of Science

Edited by Howard Sankey (University of Melbourne)
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  1. added 2016-05-05
    Emanuele Ratti & Federico Boem (forthcoming). Towards a Notion of Intervention in Big-Data Biology and Molecular Medicine. In Marco Nathan & Giovanni Boniolo (eds.), Foundational Issues in Molecular Medicine. Routledge
    We claim that in contemporary studies in molecular biology and biomedicine, the nature of ‘manipulation’ and ‘intervention’ has changed. Traditionally, molecular biology and molecular studies in medicine are considered experimental sciences, whereas experiments take the form of material manipulation and intervention. On the contrary “big science” projects in biology focus on the practice of data mining of biological databases. We argue that the practice of data mining is a form of intervention although it does not require material manipulation. We also (...)
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  2. added 2016-05-05
    Emanuele Ratti, Federico Boem, Mattia Andreoletti & Giovanni Boniolo (2016). Why Genes Are Like Lemons. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 57 (June):88-95.
    In the last few years, the lack of a unitary notion of gene across biological sciences has troubled the philosophy of biology community. However, the debate on this concept has remained largely historical or focused on particular cases presented by the scientific empirical advancements. Moreover, in the literature there are no explicit and reasonable arguments about why a philosophical clarification of the concept of gene is needed. In our paper, we claim that a philosophical clarification of the concept of gene (...)
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  3. added 2016-05-03
    Jiri Benovsky (forthcoming). 'Nothing Over and Above' or 'Nothing'? On Eliminativism, Reductionism, and Composition. Polish Journal of Philosophy.
    In this article, I am interested in an issue concerning eliminativism about ordinary objects that can be put as the claim that the eliminativist is guilty of postulating the existence of something (atoms arranged tablewise) but not of something that is identical to it (the table). But, as we will see, this turns out to be a problem for everybody except the eliminativist. Indeed, this issue highlights a more general problem about the relationship between an entity and the parts the (...)
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  4. added 2016-05-02
    Beate Krickel (forthcoming). A Regularist Approach to Mechanistic Type-Level Explanation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Most defenders of the new mechanistic approach accept ontic constraints for successful scientific explanation (Illari 2013; Craver 2014). The minimal claim is that scientific explanations have objective truthmakers, namely mechanisms that exist in the physical world independently of any observer and that cause or constitute the phenomena-to- be-explained. How can this idea be applied to type-level explanations? Many authors at least implicitly assume that in order for mechanisms to be the truthmakers of type-level explanation they need to be regular (Andersen (...)
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  5. added 2016-04-29
    Alexander Gebharter (forthcoming). Another Problem with RBN Models of Mechanisms. Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science.
    Casini, Illari, Russo, and Williamson (2011) suggest to model mechanisms by means of recursive Bayesian networks (RBNs) and Clarke, Leuridan, and Williamson (2014) extend their modelling approach to mechanisms featuring causal feedback. One of the main selling points of the RBN approach should be that it provides answers to questions concerning manipulation and control. In this paper I demonstrate that the method to compute the effects of interventions the authors mentioned endorse leads to absurd results under the additional assumption of (...)
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  6. added 2016-04-27
    Machiel Keestra, How Do Narratives and Brains Mutually Influence Each Other? Taking Both the ‘Neuroscientific Turn’ and the ‘Narrative Turn’ in Explaining Bio-Political Orders.
    Introduction: the neuroscientific turn in political science The observation that brains and political orders are interdependent is almost trivial. Obviously, political orders require brain processes in order to emerge and to remain in place, as these processes enable action and cognition. Conversely, every since Aristotle coined man as “by nature a political animal” (Aristotle, Pol.: 1252a 3; cf. Eth. Nic.: 1097b 11), this also suggests that the political engagements of this animal has likely consequences for its natural development, including the (...)
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  7. added 2016-04-27
    Steph Menken, Machiel Keestra, Lucas Rutting, Ger Post, Mieke de Roo, Sylvia Blad & Linda de Greef (eds.) (2016). An Introduction to Interdisciplinary Research. Theory and Practice. Amsterdam University Press.
    This book (128 pp.) serves as an introduction and manual to guide students through the interdisciplinary research process. We are becoming increasingly aware that, as a result of technological developments and globalisation, problems are becoming so complex that they can only be solved through cooperation between multiple disciplines. Healthcare, climate change, food security, energy, financial markets and quality of life are just a few examples of issues that require scientists and academics to work in a crossdisciplinary way. As a result (...)
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  8. added 2016-04-27
    Machiel Keestra (2015). Understanding Human Action. Integrating Meanings, Mechanisms, Causes, and Contexts. In V. Bazhanov & R. W. Scholz (eds.), Transdisciplinarity in philosophy and science: approaches, problems, prospects. Russian Academy of Science 201-235.
    Humans are capable of understanding an incredible variety of actions performed by other humans. Even though these range from primary biological actions, like eating and fleeing, to acts in parliament or in poetry, humans generally can make sense of each other’s actions. Action understanding is the cognitive ability to make sense of another person’s action by integrating perceptual information about the behavior with knowledge about the immediate and sociocultural contexts of the action, understanding of relevant meanings and one’s own experience. (...)
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  9. added 2016-04-26
    Elizabeth Irvine (2016). Model-Based Theorizing in Cognitive Neuroscience. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (1):143-168.
    Weisberg and Godfrey-Smith distinguish between two forms of theorizing: data-driven ‘abstract direct representation’ and modelling. The key difference is that when using a data-driven approach, theories are intended to represent specific phenomena and so directly represent them, while models may not be intended to represent anything and so represent targets indirectly, if at all. The aim here is to compare and analyse these practices, in order to outline an account of model-based theorizing that involves direct representational relationships. This is based (...)
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  10. added 2016-04-25
    Nicholas W. Best (2016). What Was Revolutionary About the Chemical Revolution? In Eric Scerri & Grant Fisher (eds.), Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry. Oxford University Press 37-59.
    Lavoisier and his allies should be regarded as philosophers of chemistry, for they took it upon themselves to carry out a scientific revolution. Inspired by enlightenment philosophy, they introduced new assumptions, apparatus and methods of experimentation. They provided a linguistic framework that would ensure These reforms, as much as any theoretical changes, are what make this period revolutionary. Moreover, by reading these scientists as philosophers of chemistry, we see that the Chemical Revolution was in many ways more revolutionary than Thomas (...)
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  11. added 2016-04-24
    María G. Navarro & Kamili Posey (2016). Review of Sandra Harding's Objectivity and Diversity. [REVIEW] Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 5 (4):60-64.
    Sandra Harding’s <span class='Hi'>Objectivity</span> and Diversity deals with the epistemic and political limitations of a conception of scientific <span class='Hi'>objectivity</span> that, according to the author, is still in force in our societies. However, in this conception of <span class='Hi'>objectivity</span>, diversity (e.g., of individuals and communities of knowledge, but also, and especially, agendas, models of participation and even styles of reasoning in decision making) still plays a limited and undeserved role.
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  12. added 2016-04-13
    K. Brad Wray (forthcoming). Systematicity and the Continuity Thesis. Synthese:1-14.
    Hoyningen-Huene develops an account of what science is, distinguishing it from common sense. According to Hoyningen-Huene, the key distinguishing feature is that science is more systematic. He identifies nine ways in which science is more systematic than common sense. I compare Hoyningen-Huene’s view to a view I refer to as the “Continuity Thesis.” The Continuity Thesis states that scientific knowledge is just an extension of common sense. This thesis is associated with Quine, Planck, and others. I argue that Hoyningen-Huene ultimately (...)
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  13. added 2016-04-12
    Lavinia Marin (2015). A Possible Answer to Newman’s Objection From the Perspective of Informational Structural Realism. Revue Roumaine de Philosophie 59 (2):307-318.
    This paper aims to reconstruct a possible answer to the classical Newman’s objection which has been used countless times to argue against structural realism. The reconstruction starts from the new strand of structural realism – informational structural realism – authored by Luciano Floridi. Newman’s objection had previously stated that all propositions which comprise the mathematical structures are merely trivial truths and can be instantiated by multiple models. This paper examines whether informational structural realism can overcome this objection by analysing the (...)
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  14. added 2016-04-10
    Jimena Canales (2016). Einstein's Bergson Problem. In Yuval Dolev & Michael Roubach (eds.), Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science. Springer 53-72.
    Does a privileged frame of reference exist? Part of Einstein’s success consisted in eliminating Bergson’s objections to relativity theory, which were consonant with those of the most important scientists who had worked on the topic: Henri Poincaré, Hendrik Lorentz and Albert A. Michelson. In the early decades of the century, Bergson’s fame, prestige and influence surpassed that of the physicist. Once considered as one of the most renowned intellectuals of his era and an authority on the nature of time, The (...)
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  15. added 2016-04-08
    Leslie Allan, Towards an Objective Theory of Rationality.
    Drawing on insights from Imre Lakatos' seminal work on theories of rationality, Leslie Allan develops seven criteria for rational theory choice that avoid presuming the rationality of the scientific enterprise. He shows how his axioms of rationality follow from the general demands of an objectivist epistemology. Allan concludes by considering two weighty objections to his framework.
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  16. added 2016-04-07
    Ronald P. Endicott (forthcoming). Developing The Explanatory Dimensions of Part-Whole Realization. Philosophical Studies.
    I use Carl Gillett's much heralded dimensioned theory of realization as a platform to develop a plausible part-whole theory. I begin with some basic desiderata for a theory of realization that its key terms should be defined and that it should be explanatory. I then argue that Gillett's original theory violates these conditions because its explanatory force rests upon an unspecified "in virtue of" relation. I then examine Gillett's later version that appeals instead to theoretical terms tied to "mechanisms." Yet (...)
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  17. added 2016-04-07
    Jon Lawhead (2012). Getting Fundamental About Doing Physics in The Big Bang. In Dean Kowalski (ed.), The Big Bang Theory and Philosophy. Blackwell 99-111.
  18. added 2016-04-07
    Luigi Scorzato, A Simple Model of Scientific Progress - with Examples.
    One of the main goals of scientific research is to provide a description of the empirical data which is as accurate and comprehensive as possible, while relying on as few and simple assumptions as possible. In this paper, I propose a definition of the notion of few and simple assumptions that is not affected by known problems. This leads to the introduction of a simple model of scientific progress that is based only on empirical accuracy and conciseness. An (...)
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  19. added 2016-04-03
    Stan Klein (forthcoming). The Curious Case of the Self-Refuting Straw Man: Trafimow and Earp’s Response to Klein (2014). Theory and Psychology.
    In their critique of Klein (2014a), Trafimow and Earp present two theses. First, they argue that, contra Klein, a well-specified theory is not a necessary condition for successful replication. Second, they contend that even when there is a well-specified theory, replication depends more on auxiliary assumptions than on theory proper. I take issue with both claims, arguing that (a) their first thesis confuses a material conditional (what I said) with a modal claim (T&E’s misreading of what I said), and (b) (...)
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  20. added 2016-04-03
    Ingo Brigandt (2016). Why the Difference Between Explanation and Argument Matters to Science Education. Science and Education 25:251-275.
    Contributing to the recent debate on whether or not explanations ought to be differentiated from arguments, this article argues that the distinction matters to science education. I articulate the distinction in terms of explanations and arguments having to meet different standards of adequacy. Standards of explanatory adequacy are important because they correspond to what counts as a good explanation in a science classroom, whereas a focus on evidence-based argumentation can obscure such standards of what makes an explanation (...)
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  21. added 2016-04-03
    Eduardo Duque & Cícero Pereira (2015). O Sacerdócio Como Vocação: Motivos de Entrada No Seminário. Theologica 50 (1):63-83.
    English: We analyzed the motivations that Catholic seminarians in Portugal evoke as important factors for their decision to follow the priesthood. We proposed working hypotheses according to which the speech of seminarians could reflect both the influence of classical religious socialization, agents like family and the parish community, as well as more subjective elements related to the idea of a vocation to the priesthood. The results indicated the presence of these factors and showed that the reasons related to the priestly (...)
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  22. added 2016-04-03
    Eduardo Duque (2013). Work Values in Portuguese Society and in Europe. In Ana Paula Marques, Carlos Gonçalves & Luísa Veloso (eds.), Trabalho, organizações e profissões: recomposições conceptuais e desafios empíricos. Universidade Do Minho: Secção Temática Trabalho, Organizações E Profissões. Associação Portuguesa de Sociologia 81-98.
    Work represents a significant part of a person's life. At working age, people spend much of their time divided between family, leisure and work, and the way a person relates to work conditions family, social and economic relationships. With the proliferation and diversification of occupations – a characteristic of modern societies – the world of work became a personal challenge, as it is no longer seen exclusively from the perspective of existential necessity – concerned about the needs for security and (...)
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  23. added 2016-04-03
    Eduardo Duque (2013). Capital Social Como Instrumento de Desenvolvimento Sustentável. Configurações 11:189-201.
    Nas últimas décadas, tem-se assistido a uma crescente preocupação pelo desenvolvimento socialmente justo e sustentável; daí que as políticas de desenvolvimento que se têm delineado têm implícita uma preocupação de maior equidade e justiça, aprendendo do passado para assim projetar o futuro. Ora quem aprecia o horizonte, sem menosprezar o seu espólio e memória, vive o momento presente empenhado em viabilizar o porvir. Esta atitude implica uma postura comprometida dos cidadãos com o social. E desta forma comprometida, empreendedora e corresponsável (...)
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  24. added 2016-04-03
    Eduardo Duque (2012). Contributos Para Uma Crítica da Aceleração Do Tempo. In Emília Araújo & Eduardo Duque (eds.), Os tempos sociais e o mundo contemporâneo. Um debate para as Ciências Sociais e Humanas. Centro de Estudos de Comunicação E Sociedade/Centro de Investigação Em Ciências Sociais - UMinho 117-127.
    Gilles Deleuze (1992: 178) escreveu que nenhum pintor “(...) pinta numa tela virgem, nem o escritor escreve numa página branca, mas a página ou a tela estão desde logo de tal modo cobertas por “clichés” preexistentes, preestabelecidos, que é necessário antes de mais apagar, limpar, laminar, ou até rasgar para fazer passar uma corrente de ar vinda do caos, que nos traz a visão”. Razão pela qual apresentamos, inicialmente, um pequeno poema de Miguel Torga para, de seguida, empreendermos uma breve (...)
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  25. added 2016-04-03
    Guenther Witzany (2011). Can Mathematics Explain the Evolution of Human Language? Communicative and Integrative Biology 4 (5):516-520.
    Investigation into the sequence structure of the genetic code by means of an informatic approach is a real success story. The features of human language are also the object of investigation within the realm of formal language theories. They focus on the common rules of a universal grammar that lies behind all languages and determine generation of syntactic structures. This universal grammar is a depiction of material reality, i.e., the hidden logical order of things and its relations determined by natural (...)
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  26. added 2016-04-02
    George Williams (2016). Are Different Standards Warranted to Evaluate Psi? Journal of Parapsychology 79 (2):186-202.
    Throughout the debate on psi, skeptics have almost universally insisted on different standards for evaluating the evidence, claiming that psi represents a radical departure from our current scientific understanding. Thus, there is considerable ambiguity about what standard of evaluation psi must meet. Little attention has been paid to the possible harm to the integrity of scientific investigation from this resulting inconsistency in testing standards. Some have proposed using a Bayesian framework as an improvement on this dilemma in order to more (...)
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  27. added 2016-04-01
    Seungbae Park (2016). Scientific Realism Versus Antirealism in Science Education. Coactivity: Philosophy, Communication 24 (1):72-81.
    Scientific realists believe both what a scientific theory says about observables and unobservables. In contrast, scientific antirealists believe what a scientific theory says about observables, but not about unobservables. I argue that scientific realism is a more useful doctrine than scientific antirealism in science classrooms. If science teachers are antirealists, they are caught in Moore’s paradox when they help their students grasp the content of a scientific theory, and when they explain a phenomenon in terms of a scientific theory. (...)
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  28. added 2016-03-30
    Eduardo Castro (forthcoming). Is the Humean Defeated by Induction? A Reply to Smart. Philosophia:1-12.
    This paper is a reply to Benjamin Smart’s : 319–332, 2013) recent objections to David Armstrong’s solution to the problem of induction : 503–511, 1991). To solve the problem of induction, Armstrong contends that laws of nature are the best explanation of our observed regularities, where laws of nature are dyadic relations of necessitation holding between first-order universals. Smart raises three objections against Armstrong’s pattern of inference. First, regularities can explain our observed regularities; that is, universally quantified conditionals are required (...)
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  29. added 2016-03-29
    D. J. Bradley, A Priori Causal Laws.
    Sober (2011) and Elgin & Sober (2014) defend the claim that there are a priori causal laws in biology. Lange and Rosenberg (2011) take issue with this on Humean grounds, among others. I will argue that Sober and Elgin don’t go far enough – there are a priori causal laws in many sciences. Furthermore, I will argue that this thesis is compatible with a Humean metaphysics and an empiricist epistemology.
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  30. added 2016-03-28
    Matthew Dentith (2008). The Curious Case of Freeman Dyson and the Paranormal. Skeptic 14 (2).
    Michael Shermer recently attacked Freeman Dyson for putting forward the claim that there might be something in paranormal claims after all. Whilst I agree with Shermer on many points, I do think you can put forward a plausible theory as to why the Natural Sciences may not describe all phenomena, and that the undescribed phenomena might well be called 'paranormal' because of it. In this paper I will put forward the view that the language of the Natural Sciences may not (...)
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  31. added 2016-03-18
    Burkay Ozturk (forthcoming). Of German Tanks and Scientific Theories: Estimating The Number of Unconceived Alternatives. Southwest Philosophy Review.
    During the Second World War, the Allies faced a question colloquially known as the “German Tank Problem”: how many tanks will the Axis ever produce? The answer resulted from an elegant probabilistic argument which was used by Allied mathematicians to make successful upper-bound estimates for the total Axis tank production. This paper shows that if two empirical postulates are true of the history of science, a parallel argument can be used to come up with lower-bound estimates for the number of (...)
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  32. added 2016-03-18
    Jamin Asay (forthcoming). Going Local: A Defense of Methodological Localism About Scientific Realism. Synthese:1-23.
    Scientific realism and anti-realism are most frequently discussed as global theses: theses that apply equally well across the board to all the various sciences. Against this status quo I defend the localist alternative, a methodological stance on scientific realism that approaches debates on realism at the level of individual sciences, rather than at science itself. After identifying the localist view, I provide a number of arguments in its defense, drawing on the diversity and disunity found in (...)
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  33. added 2016-03-15
    Robinson Guitarrari (2016). O Relativismo Cognitivo É Autorrefutante? Trans/Form/Ação 39 (1):139-158.
    RESUMO: Hilary Putnam procurou solapar o relativismo cognitivo, mediante acusações de incoerência autodestrutiva. A concepção de Thomas Kuhn de desenvolvimento do conhecimento científico ocupa um lugar de destaque nesse empreendimento crítico, e a incomensurabilidade entre paradigmas rivais constitui o núcleo da disputa. Putnam afirmou que a incomensurabilidade é autorrefutante, levando em conta apenas sua dimensão semântica. Este artigo examina essa investida antirrelativista. Considero dois sentidos de autorrefutação, o material e o formal, e defendo que essa acusação não atinge a referida (...)
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  34. added 2016-03-11
    Matteo Colombo & Dominik Klein, Mystery, Explanation, and Credence.
    How should the information that a proposition p is a mystery impact your credence in p? To answer this question, we first provide a taxonomy of mysteries; then, we develop a test to distinguish two types of mysteries. When faced with mysteries of the first type, rational epistemic agents should lower their credence in p upon learning that p is a mystery. The same information should not impact agents’ credence in p, when they face mysteries of the second type. Our (...)
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  35. added 2016-03-07
    David-Hillel Ruben (2003). Explaining Explanation. Routledge.
    This book introduces readers to the topic of explanation. The insights of Plato, Aristotle, J.S. Mill and Carl Hempel are examined, and are used to argue against the view that explanation is merely a problem for the philosophy of science. Having established its importance for understanding knowledge in general, the book concludes with a bold and original explanation of explanation.
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  36. added 2016-03-05
    Einar Duenger Bohn (forthcoming). Indefinitely Descending Ground. In Ricki Bliss & Graham Priest (eds.), Reality and its Structure. Oxford University Press
    In this paper I argue against grounding being necessarily well-founded, and provide some reasons to think it's actually not well-founded.
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  37. added 2016-03-04
    Tuomas E. Tahko & Matteo Morganti (forthcoming). Moderately Naturalistic Metaphysics. Synthese:1-24.
    The present paper discusses different approaches to metaphysics and defends a specific, non-deflationary approach that nevertheless qualifies as scientifically-grounded and, consequently, as acceptable from the naturalistic viewpoint. By critically assessing some recent work on science and metaphysics, we argue that such a sophisticated form of naturalism, which preserves the autonomy of metaphysics as an a priori enterprise yet pays due attention to the indications coming from our best science, is not only workable but recommended.
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  38. added 2016-03-04
    K. Brad Wray (forthcoming). Discarded Theories: The Role of Changing Interests. Synthese:1-17.
    I take another look at the history of science and offer some fresh insights into why the history of science is filled with discarded theories. I argue that the history of science is just as we should expect it to be, given the following two facts about science: theories are always only partial representations of the world, and almost inevitably scientists will be led to investigate phenomena that the accepted theory is not fit to account for. Together these facts suggest (...)
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  39. added 2016-03-03
    Dirk Hartmann (2012). Wissenschaft, Geisteswissenschaft, Philosophie. In Dirk Hartmann, Amir Mohseni, Erhard Reckwitz, Tim Rojek & Ulrich Steckmann (eds.), Methoden der Geisteswissenschaften: Eine Selbstverständigung. Velbrück 17-32.
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  40. added 2016-03-03
    Dirk Hartmann, Matthias Gutmann, Michael Weingarten & Walter Zitterbarth (eds.) (2002). Kultur, Handlung, Wissenschaft. Für Peter Janich. Velbrück.
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  41. added 2016-03-03
    Dirk Hartmann (1999). Transzendentale Konstitution und methodische Rekonstruktion. In Peter Janich (ed.), Wechselwirkungen: Zum Verhältnis von Kulturalismus, Phänomenologie und Methode. Königshausen & Neumann 125-142.
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  42. added 2016-03-03
    Dirk Hartmann & Peter Janich (1998). Die Kulturalistische Wende. In Dirk Hartmann & Peter Janich (eds.), Die Kulturalistische Wende. Zur Orientierung des philosophischen Selbstverständnisses. Suhrkamp 9-22.
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  43. added 2016-03-03
    Dirk Hartmann & Peter Janich (1996). Methodischer Kulturalismus. In Dirk Hartmann & Peter Janich (eds.), Methodischer Kulturalismus. Zwischen Naturalismus und Postmoderne. Suhrkamp 9-69.
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  44. added 2016-03-02
    Finnur Dellsén (forthcoming). Realism and the Absence of Rivals. Synthese:1-20.
    Among the most serious challenges to scientific realism are arguments for the underdetermination of theory by evidence. This paper defends a version of scientific realism against what is perhaps the most influential recent argument of this sort, viz. Kyle Stanford’s New Induction over the History of Science. An essential part of the defense consists in a probabilistic analysis of the slogan “absence of evidence is not evidence of absence”. On this basis it is argued that the likelihood of a theory (...)
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  45. added 2016-03-02
    Massimiliano Simons (2015). Beyond Ideology Althusser, Foucault and French Epistemology. Pulse: A Journal of History, Sociology and Philosophy of Science 3:62-77.
    The philosophy of Louis Althusser is often contrasted with the ideas of Michel Foucault. At first sight, the disagreement seems to be about the concept of ideology: while Althusser seem to be huge advocate of the use of the concept, Foucault apparently dislikes and avoids the concept altogether. However, I argue in this article that this reading is only superficial and that it obscures the real debate between these two authors. Althusser, especially in his recently posthumously published Sur la reproduction (...)
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  46. added 2016-03-02
    Dirk Hartmann & Peter Janich (eds.) (1998). Die Kulturalistische Wende: Zur Orientierung des philosophischen Selbstverständnisses. Suhrkamp.
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  47. added 2016-03-01
    Thor Grünbaum (forthcoming). The Perception-Action Model: Counting Computational Mechanisms. Mind and Language.
    Milner and Goodale’s Two Visual Systems Hypothesis (TVSH) is regarded as common ground in recent discussions of visual consciousness. A central part of TVSH is a functional model of vision and action (a functional perception-action model, PAM for short). In this paper, I provide a brief overview of these current discussions and argue that PAM is ambiguous between a strong and a weak version. I argue that, given a standard way of individuating computational mechanisms, the available evidence cannot be (...)
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  48. added 2016-03-01
    Nora Berenstain (2016). The Applicability of Mathematics to Physical Modality. Synthese (online):1-17.
    This paper argues that scientific realism commits us to a metaphysical determination relation between the mathematical entities that are indispensible to scientific explanation and the modal structure of the empirical phenomena those entities explain. The argument presupposes that scientific realism commits us to the indispensability argument. The viewpresented here is that the indispensability of mathematics commits us not only to the existence of mathematical structures and entities but to a metaphysical determination relation between those entities and the modal structure of (...)
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  49. added 2016-03-01
    Fabio Sterpetti (2016). Scientific Realism, the Semantic View and Evolutionary Biology. In Emiliano Ippoliti, Fabio Sterpetti & Thomas Nickles (eds.), Models and Inferences in Science. Springer 55-76.
    The semantic view of theories is normally considered to be an ac-count of theories congenial to Scientific Realism. Recently, it has been argued that Ontic Structural Realism could be fruitfully applied, in combination with the semantic view, to some of the philosophical issues peculiarly related to bi-ology. Given the central role that models have in the semantic view, and the relevance that mathematics has in the definition of the concept of model, the (...)
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  50. added 2016-02-29
    Finnur Dellsén (forthcoming). Reconstructed Empiricism. Acta Analytica:1-19.
    According to Bas van Fraassen, scientific realists and anti-realists disagree about whether accepting a scientific theory involves believing that the theory is true. On van Fraassen’s own anti-realist empiricist position, accepting a theory involves believing only that the theory is correct in its claims about observable aspects of the world. However, a number of philosophers have argued that acceptance and belief cannot be distinguished and thus that the debate is either confused or trivially settled in favor of the realist. In (...)
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