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General Philosophy of Science

Edited by Howard Sankey (University of Melbourne)
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  1. added 2015-04-26
    Boaz Miller (forthcoming). “Trust Me—I’M a Public Intellectual”: Margaret Atwood’s and David Suzuki’s Social Epistemologies of Climate Science. In Michael Keren & Richard Hawkins‎ (eds.), Speaking Power to Truth: Knowledge and the Public Intellectual in a Changing World‎. Athabasca University Press‎.
    Margaret Atwood and David Suzuki are two of the most prominent Canadian public ‎intellectuals ‎involved in the global warming debate. They both argue that anthropogenic global ‎warming is ‎occurring, warn against its grave consequences, and urge governments and the ‎public to take ‎immediate, decisive, extensive, and profound measures to prevent it. They differ, ‎however, in the ‎reasons and evidence they provide in support of their position. While Suzuki ‎stresses the scientific ‎evidence in favour of the global warming theory and the (...)
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  2. added 2015-04-25
    Izydora Dambska (1963). Sur certains modes de fonder nos jugements concernant les événements futurs. Logique Et Analyse 6 (21):232.
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  3. added 2015-04-23
    Milena Ivanova (forthcoming). Conventionalism, Structuralism and Neo-Kantianism in Poincaré׳s Philosophy of Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
    Poincaré is well known for his conventionalism and structuralism. However, the relationship between these two theses and their place in Poincaré׳s epistemology of science remain puzzling. In this paper I show the scope of Poincaré׳s conventionalism and its position in Poincaré׳s hierarchical approach to scientific theories. I argue that for Poincaré scientific knowledge is relational and made possible by synthetic a priori, empirical and conventional elements, which, however, are not chosen arbitrarily. By examining his geometric conventionalism, his hierarchical account of (...)
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  4. added 2015-04-22
    F. Broncano (1982). La historicidad del carácter empírico de la ciencia. Teorema 12 (1):97.
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  5. added 2015-04-20
    Joshua Alexander (2004). Marc Lange: Natural Laws in Scientific Practice. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 71 (2):222-224.
    What is a law of nature? Traditionally, philosophical discussion of this question has been dominated by two prominent alternatives; David Lewis’s best-systems analysis, according to which a law is a regularity that serves as a theorem in our best axiomatization of the facts about the world, and the Dretske-Armstrong-Tooley analysis, which incorporates universals to distinguish laws from mere accidental generalizations. Marc Lange’s first book presents a provocative alternative to this tradition, providing a novel treatment of natural laws that should be (...)
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  6. added 2015-04-16
    Laura Felline (forthcoming). Mechanisms Meet Structural Explanation. Synthese.
    This paper investigates the relationship between Structural Explanation and the New Mechanistic account of explanation. The aim of this paper is twofold: firstly, to argue that some phenomena in the domain of fundamental physics, although mechanically brute, are structurally explained; and secondly, by elaborating on the contrast between SE and ME, to better clarify some features of SE. Finally, this paper will argue that, notwithstanding their apparently antithetical character, SE and ME can be reconciled within a unified account of general (...)
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  7. added 2015-04-16
    William M. Baumer (1964). Confirmation Without Paradoxes. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 15:177.
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  8. added 2015-04-15
    Jerusalem Bar-Hillel (1955). Comments on `Degree of Confirmation' by Professor K. R. Popper. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 6 (22):155.
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  9. added 2015-04-14
    Brad Berman (2015). Aristotle on Like-Partedness and the Like-Parted Bodies. Early Science and Medicine 20 (1):27-47.
    This paper offers an interpretation of Aristotle’s treatment of the homoeomerous, or like-parted, bodies. I argue that they are liable to be far more complexly structured than is commonly supposed. While Aristotelian homoeomers have no intrinsic macrostructural properties, they are, in an important class of cases, essentially marked by the presence and absence of microstructural ones. As I show, these microstructural properties allow Aristotle to neatly demarcate the non-elemental homoeomers from the elements. That demarcation, in turn, helps to clarify Aristotle’s (...)
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  10. added 2015-04-13
    Dana Matthiessen (forthcoming). Mechanistic Explanation in Systems Biology: Cellular Networks. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv011.
    It is argued that once biological systems reach a certain level of complexity, mechanistic explanations provide an inadequate account of many relevant phenomena. In this article, I evaluate such claims with respect to a representative programme in systems biological research: the study of regulatory networks within single-celled organisms. I argue that these networks are amenable to mechanistic philosophy without need to appeal to some alternate form of explanation. In particular, I claim that we can understand the mathematical modelling techniques of (...)
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  11. added 2015-04-13
    Steve Clarke (1998). Metaphysics and the Disunity of Scientific Knowledge. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  12. added 2015-04-11
    Marco Solinas (2015). From Aristotle’s Teleology to Darwin’s Genealogy: The Stamp of Inutility, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Starting with Aristotle and moving on to Darwin, Marco Solinas outlines the basic steps from the birth, establishment and later rebirth of the traditional view of living beings, and its overturning by evolutionary revolution. The classic framework devised by Aristotle was still dominant in the 17th Century world of Galileo, Harvey and Ray, and remained hegemonic until the time of Lamarck and Cuvier in the 19th Century. Darwin's breakthrough thus takes on the dimensions of an abandonment of the traditional finalistic (...)
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  13. added 2015-04-09
    Marcin Miłkowski (forthcoming). Explanatory Completeness and Idealization in Large Brain Simulations: A Mechanistic Perspective. Synthese:1-22.
    The claim defended in the paper is that the mechanistic account of explanation can easily embrace idealization in big-scale brain simulations, and that only causally relevant detail should be present in explanatory models. The claim is illustrated with two methodologically different models: Blue Brain, used for particular simulations of the cortical column in hybrid models, and Eliasmith’s SPAUN model that is both biologically realistic and able to explain eight different tasks. By drawing on the mechanistic theory of computational explanation, I (...)
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  14. added 2015-04-09
    Marcin Miłkowski (forthcoming). Satisfaction Conditions in Anticipatory Mechanisms. Biology and Philosophy:1-20.
    The purpose of this paper is to present a general mechanistic framework for analyzing causal representational claims, and offer a way to distinguish genuinely representational explanations from those that invoke representations for honorific purposes. It is usually agreed that rats are capable of navigation because they maintain a cognitive map of their environment. Exactly how and why their neural states give rise to mental representations is a matter of an ongoing debate. I will show that anticipatory mechanisms involved in rats’ (...)
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  15. added 2015-04-08
    Carl Matheson (1996). The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions. [REVIEW] Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):463-489.
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  16. added 2015-04-08
    M. C. Bradley (1964). SMART, J. J. C.: "Philosophy and Scientific Realism". Australasian Journal of Philosophy 42:262.
  17. added 2015-04-07
    David Papineau (2015). There is No Trace of Any Soul Linked to the Body. In Keith Augustine & Michael Martin (eds.), The Myth of an Afterlife: The Case against Life After Death. Rowman & Littlefield. 369-376.
    This paper argues that all apparently special forces characteristically reduce to a few fundamental physical forces which conserve energy and operate throughout nature. Consequently, there are probably no special mental forces originating from souls and acting upon bodies and brains in addition to the basic, energy-conserving physical forces. Moreover, physiological and biochemical research have failed to uncover any evidence of forces over and above the basic physical forces acting on living bodies. It is as if all organic processes can be (...)
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  18. added 2015-04-06
    Marta Halina (forthcoming). Understanding Mechanistic Research. Metascience:1-3.
    The professionalization of science is a recent phenomenon. Before the mid-1800s, investigations of the natural world were largely performed by those hobbyists who had the leisure time to do so. Things are very different today. Open one of the over twenty thousand scientific journals currently in circulation, and you would be hard pressed to decipher the technical prose, much less the methodological and conceptual strategies being employed. This is changing, however. People are not only taking greater interest in how science (...)
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  19. added 2015-04-06
    Philippe Sormani (forthcoming). Fun in Go: The Timely Delivery of a Monkey Jump and its Lingering Relevance to Science Studies. Human Studies:1-28.
    This paper offers an ethnomethodological exploration of fun in Go , the timely delivery of a ‘Monkey Jump’ , and its lingering relevance to science studies . In Go terms, the paper makes a ‘pincer’ move: on the one hand, it explores the analytic potential of ‘fun’ for ethnographic purposes and, on the other hand, it questions its manifest abandonment in some quarters of science studies. In particular, the paper challenges their “curious seriousness” :69–78, 1990) whenever grand ontological claims are (...)
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  20. added 2015-04-06
    Roberto Fumagalli (forthcoming). Why We Cannot Learn From Minimal Models. Erkenntnis.
    This paper examines the issue whether consideration of so-called minimal models can prompt learning about real-world targets. Using widely cited examples from economics and biology as test cases, I argue against the increasingly popular view that consideration of minimal models can prompt learning about such targets. In particular, I criticize the proponents of this view for failing to explicate in virtue of what properties or features minimal models supposedly prompt learning and for substantially overstating the epistemic import of minimal models. (...)
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  21. added 2015-04-06
    Wai-Hung Wong & Zanja Yudell (forthcoming). A Normative Account of the Need for Explanation. Synthese:1-23.
    Although explanation is a central topic in the philosophy of science, there is an important issue concerning explanation that has not been discussed much, namely, why some phenomena need an explanation while some do not. In this paper we first explain why this is an important issue, and then discuss two accounts of the need for explanation that can be gathered from the literature. We argue that both accounts are inadequate. The main purpose of the paper is, however, to offer (...)
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  22. added 2015-04-06
    Barbara Brandl (forthcoming). Abby Kinchy, Seeds, Science, and Struggle: The Global Politics of Transgenic Crops. Minerva:1-4.
    In her 2012 book Seeds, Science, and Struggle Abby Kinchy discusses the changing character of global conflicts concerning the adoption of new technologies, specifically genetically modified crops. She masterfully describes two cases in which the introduction of GM seeds leads to a broad public controversy. Her first case is the social movement against the usage of GM corn, which emerged in Mexico in the late 1990s. The second case Kinchy studies is the contamination of canola crops with GM varieties in (...)
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  23. added 2015-04-06
    Roman Frigg (2016). Models and Theories. Routledge.
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  24. added 2015-04-06
    Sara Bernstein (2015). The Metaphysics of Omissions. Philosophy Compass 10 (3):208-218.
    Omissions – any events, actions, or things that do not occur – are central to numerous debates in causation and ethics. This article surveys views on what omissions are, whether they are causally efficacious, and how they ground moral responsibility.
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  25. added 2015-04-06
    Saharon Shelah (2015). A.E.C. With Not Too Many Models. In Andrés Villaveces, Roman Kossak, Juha Kontinen & Åsa Hirvonen (eds.), Logic Without Borders: Essays on Set Theory, Model Theory, Philosophical Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics. De Gruyter. 367-402.
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  26. added 2015-04-06
    Anna Alexandrova (2015). Well‐Being and Philosophy of Science. Philosophy Compass 10 (3):219-231.
    This article is a mutual introduction of the science of well-being to philosophy of science and an explanation of how the two disciplines can benefit each other. In the process, I argue that the science of well-being is not helpfully viewed as a social or a natural, but rather as a mixed, science. Hence, its methodology will have to attend to its specific features. I discuss two of its methodological problems: justifying the role of values, and validating measures. I suggest (...)
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  27. added 2015-04-06
    Antigone M. Nounou (2015). For or Against Structural Realism? A Verdict From High Energy Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 49:84-101.
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  28. added 2015-04-06
    Saharon Shelah (2015). A.E.C. With Not Too Many Models. In Andrés Villaveces, Roman Kossak, Juha Kontinen & Åsa Hirvonen (eds.), Logic Without Borders: Essays on Set Theory, Model Theory, Philosophical Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics. De Gruyter. 367-402.
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  29. added 2015-04-06
    W. Freitag (2015). I Bet You'll Solve Goodman's Riddle. Philosophical Quarterly 65 (259):254-267.
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  30. added 2015-04-06
    Matthias Egg (2014). 2 Entity Realism. In , Scientific Realism in Particle Physics: A Causal Approach. De Gruyter. 19-32.
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  31. added 2015-04-06
    Matthias Egg (2014). 1 Scientific Realism and Its Relation to Common Sense. In , Scientific Realism in Particle Physics: A Causal Approach. De Gruyter. 1-18.
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  32. added 2015-04-06
    Matthias Egg (2014). 6 The Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. In , Scientific Realism in Particle Physics: A Causal Approach. De Gruyter. 79-102.
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  33. added 2015-04-06
    Andrews Reath (2013). The Ground of Practical Laws. In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. 571-582.
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  34. added 2015-04-06
    Linda C. Palmer (2013). An Old Approach to a New Riddle – Kantian Purposiveness and Goodman’s Projectibility. In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. 185-196.
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  35. added 2015-04-06
    Marie I. Kaiser, An Ontic Account of Explanatory Reduction in Biology.
    Convincing disputes about explanatory reductionism in the philosophy of biology require a clear and precise understanding of what a reductive explanation in biology is. The central aim of this book is to provide such an account by revealing the features that determine the reductive character of a biological explanation. Chapters I-IV provide the ground, on which I can then, in Chapter V, develop my own account of explanatory reduction in biology: Chapter I reveals the meta-philosophical assumptions that underlie my analysis (...)
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  36. added 2015-04-06
    Richard David-Rus (2012). Explanation and Understanding Through Scientific Models. Institutul European.
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  37. added 2015-04-06
    Hilary Gatti (2010). 4. The Multiple Languages of the New Science. In , Essays on Giordano Bruno. Princeton University Press. 91-112.
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  38. added 2015-04-06
    Tzvetan Todorov (2009). Chapter 7. The Choice of Values. In , Imperfect Garden: The Legacy of Humanism. Princeton University Press. 160-177.
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  39. added 2015-04-06
    Jaegwon Kim (2007). CHAPTER 4. Reduction, Reductive Explanation, and Closing the “Gap. In , Physicalism, or Something Near Enough. Princeton University Press. 93-120.
  40. added 2015-04-06
    Martin Carrier (2004). Knowledge and the World Challenges Beyond the Science Wars.
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  41. added 2015-04-06
    Rudolf Steiner & Howard Smith (2003). Science an Introductory Reader.
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  42. added 2015-04-06
    Hans Lenk (2003). Grasping Reality an Interpretation-Realistic Epistemology.
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  43. added 2015-04-06
    Bruce Hunter (2003). Bas Van Fraassen, The Empirical Stance. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 23:419-422.
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  44. added 2015-04-06
    Cassandra L. Pinnick, Noretta Koertge & Robert F. Almeder (2003). Scrutinizing Feminist Epistemology an Examination of Gender in Science.
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  45. added 2015-04-06
    Nick Huggett (2002). Renormalization and the Disunity of Science. .
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  46. added 2015-04-06
    Peter Hamilton & Kenneth Thompson (2002). The Uses of Sociology.
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  47. added 2015-04-06
    Pierre Bourdieu, Franck Poupeau & Thierry Discepolo (2002). Interventions, 1961-2001 Science Sociale & Action Politique.
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  48. added 2015-04-06
    Patrick Suppes (2002). Representation and Invariance of Scientific Structures.
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  49. added 2015-04-06
    P. Enfield (2001). Stathis Psillos, Scientific Realism: How Science Tracks Truth. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (1):112-115.
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  50. added 2015-04-06
    Lawrence Sklar (2000). Theory Reduction and Theory Change.
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1 — 50 / 6372