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General Philosophy of Science

Edited by Howard Sankey (University of Melbourne)
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  1. Peter Achinstein (ed.) (1969). Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Oxford, Published by Basil Blackwell with the Cooperation of the University of Pittsburg.
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    Scientific Method
     Evidence
     Confirmation
     Induction
     Probabilistic Reasoning
     Scientific Change
     Inference to the Best Explanation
     Theoretical Virtues
     Scientific Method, Misc
    Explanation
     Theories of Explanation
     Varieties of Explanation
     Explanation in the Sciences
     Explanation, Misc
    History of Science
     History of Psychology
     History of Neuroscience
     History of Biology
     History of Physics
     History of Cognitive Science
     History of Chemistry
     History of Science, Misc
    Laws of Nature
     Anti-Realism about Laws
     Best-Systems Analyses
     Ceteris Paribus Laws
     Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws
     Lawlikeness
     Laws as Relations between Universals
     Necessitarianism about Laws
     Nomological Necessity
     Probabilistic Laws
     Special Science Laws
     Laws of Nature, Misc
     Explanation and Laws
     Causation and Laws
     Dispositions and Laws
    General Phil of Science, Miscellaneous
     Logical Empiricism
     Nature of Science
     Science and Religion
     General Phil of Science, Misc
    Interlevel Relations in Science
     Emergence
     Reduction
     Interlevel Metaphysics
     Metaphysics of Mind
     Physicalism
     Realization
     Supervenience
     Unity of Science
     Interlevel Relations in Biology
     Interlevel Relations in Cognitive Science
     Interlevel Relations in Physical Science
     Interlevel Relations in Science, Misc
    Scientific Change
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Convergent Realism
     Incommensurability in Science
     Research Programs
     Science and Values
     Scientific Change, Misc
     Scientific Progress
     Scientific Revolutions
     Theory Change
    Scientific Language
     Cognitive Significance in Science
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Incommensurability in Science
     Operationalism
     Ramsey Sentences
     Reference in Science
     Scientific Representation
     Scientific Language, Misc
    Scientific Practice
     Experimentation in Science
     Measurement in Science
     Observation in Science
     Prediction in Science
     Scientific Discovery
     Scientific Instruments
     Simulation in Science
     Thought Experiments
     Science and Values
     Applications of Science
     Scientific Practice, Misc
    Scientific Realism
     Varieties of Scientific Realism
     Alternatives to Scientific Realism
     Arguments For and Against Scientific Realism
     Truth and Verisimilitude
     Scientific Realism, Misc
    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
     The Nature of Theories
     Theoretical Virtues
     Underdetermination of Theory by Data
     Models and Idealization
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  2. M. Emrah Aktunç (2009). Scientific Pluralism.Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Vol. XIX. Annals of Science 66 (2):299-302.
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    Scientific Method
     Evidence
     Confirmation
     Induction
     Probabilistic Reasoning
     Scientific Change
     Inference to the Best Explanation
     Theoretical Virtues
     Scientific Method, Misc
    Explanation
     Theories of Explanation
     Varieties of Explanation
     Explanation in the Sciences
     Explanation, Misc
    History of Science
     History of Psychology
     History of Neuroscience
     History of Biology
     History of Physics
     History of Cognitive Science
     History of Chemistry
     History of Science, Misc
    Laws of Nature
     Anti-Realism about Laws
     Best-Systems Analyses
     Ceteris Paribus Laws
     Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws
     Lawlikeness
     Laws as Relations between Universals
     Necessitarianism about Laws
     Nomological Necessity
     Probabilistic Laws
     Special Science Laws
     Laws of Nature, Misc
     Explanation and Laws
     Causation and Laws
     Dispositions and Laws
    General Phil of Science, Miscellaneous
     Logical Empiricism
     Nature of Science
     Science and Religion
     General Phil of Science, Misc
    Interlevel Relations in Science
     Emergence
     Reduction
     Interlevel Metaphysics
     Metaphysics of Mind
     Physicalism
     Realization
     Supervenience
     Unity of Science
     Interlevel Relations in Biology
     Interlevel Relations in Cognitive Science
     Interlevel Relations in Physical Science
     Interlevel Relations in Science, Misc
    Scientific Change
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Convergent Realism
     Incommensurability in Science
     Research Programs
     Science and Values
     Scientific Change, Misc
     Scientific Progress
     Scientific Revolutions
     Theory Change
    Scientific Language
     Cognitive Significance in Science
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Incommensurability in Science
     Operationalism
     Ramsey Sentences
     Reference in Science
     Scientific Representation
     Scientific Language, Misc
    Scientific Practice
     Experimentation in Science
     Measurement in Science
     Observation in Science
     Prediction in Science
     Scientific Discovery
     Scientific Instruments
     Simulation in Science
     Thought Experiments
     Science and Values
     Applications of Science
     Scientific Practice, Misc
    Scientific Realism
     Varieties of Scientific Realism
     Alternatives to Scientific Realism
     Arguments For and Against Scientific Realism
     Truth and Verisimilitude
     Scientific Realism, Misc
    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
     The Nature of Theories
     Theoretical Virtues
     Underdetermination of Theory by Data
     Models and Idealization
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  3. S. Alexander (1930). Science and Art. Philosophy 5 (19):331-.
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    Scientific Method
     Evidence
     Confirmation
     Induction
     Probabilistic Reasoning
     Scientific Change
     Inference to the Best Explanation
     Theoretical Virtues
     Scientific Method, Misc
    Explanation
     Theories of Explanation
     Varieties of Explanation
     Explanation in the Sciences
     Explanation, Misc
    History of Science
     History of Psychology
     History of Neuroscience
     History of Biology
     History of Physics
     History of Cognitive Science
     History of Chemistry
     History of Science, Misc
    Laws of Nature
     Anti-Realism about Laws
     Best-Systems Analyses
     Ceteris Paribus Laws
     Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws
     Lawlikeness
     Laws as Relations between Universals
     Necessitarianism about Laws
     Nomological Necessity
     Probabilistic Laws
     Special Science Laws
     Laws of Nature, Misc
     Explanation and Laws
     Causation and Laws
     Dispositions and Laws
    General Phil of Science, Miscellaneous
     Logical Empiricism
     Nature of Science
     Science and Religion
     General Phil of Science, Misc
    Interlevel Relations in Science
     Emergence
     Reduction
     Interlevel Metaphysics
     Metaphysics of Mind
     Physicalism
     Realization
     Supervenience
     Unity of Science
     Interlevel Relations in Biology
     Interlevel Relations in Cognitive Science
     Interlevel Relations in Physical Science
     Interlevel Relations in Science, Misc
    Scientific Change
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Convergent Realism
     Incommensurability in Science
     Research Programs
     Science and Values
     Scientific Change, Misc
     Scientific Progress
     Scientific Revolutions
     Theory Change
    Scientific Language
     Cognitive Significance in Science
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Incommensurability in Science
     Operationalism
     Ramsey Sentences
     Reference in Science
     Scientific Representation
     Scientific Language, Misc
    Scientific Practice
     Experimentation in Science
     Measurement in Science
     Observation in Science
     Prediction in Science
     Scientific Discovery
     Scientific Instruments
     Simulation in Science
     Thought Experiments
     Science and Values
     Applications of Science
     Scientific Practice, Misc
    Scientific Realism
     Varieties of Scientific Realism
     Alternatives to Scientific Realism
     Arguments For and Against Scientific Realism
     Truth and Verisimilitude
     Scientific Realism, Misc
    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
     The Nature of Theories
     Theoretical Virtues
     Underdetermination of Theory by Data
     Models and Idealization
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  4. Liliana Alexandrova (ed.) (1982). Some Philosophical and Methodological Problems of the Scientific and Technological Revolution: Lecture. Academy of Social Sciences and Social Management at the C.C. Of the B.C.P..
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    Scientific Method
     Evidence
     Confirmation
     Induction
     Probabilistic Reasoning
     Scientific Change
     Inference to the Best Explanation
     Theoretical Virtues
     Scientific Method, Misc
    Explanation
     Theories of Explanation
     Varieties of Explanation
     Explanation in the Sciences
     Explanation, Misc
    History of Science
     History of Psychology
     History of Neuroscience
     History of Biology
     History of Physics
     History of Cognitive Science
     History of Chemistry
     History of Science, Misc
    Laws of Nature
     Anti-Realism about Laws
     Best-Systems Analyses
     Ceteris Paribus Laws
     Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws
     Lawlikeness
     Laws as Relations between Universals
     Necessitarianism about Laws
     Nomological Necessity
     Probabilistic Laws
     Special Science Laws
     Laws of Nature, Misc
     Explanation and Laws
     Causation and Laws
     Dispositions and Laws
    General Phil of Science, Miscellaneous
     Logical Empiricism
     Nature of Science
     Science and Religion
     General Phil of Science, Misc
    Interlevel Relations in Science
     Emergence
     Reduction
     Interlevel Metaphysics
     Metaphysics of Mind
     Physicalism
     Realization
     Supervenience
     Unity of Science
     Interlevel Relations in Biology
     Interlevel Relations in Cognitive Science
     Interlevel Relations in Physical Science
     Interlevel Relations in Science, Misc
    Scientific Change
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Convergent Realism
     Incommensurability in Science
     Research Programs
     Science and Values
     Scientific Change, Misc
     Scientific Progress
     Scientific Revolutions
     Theory Change
    Scientific Language
     Cognitive Significance in Science
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Incommensurability in Science
     Operationalism
     Ramsey Sentences
     Reference in Science
     Scientific Representation
     Scientific Language, Misc
    Scientific Practice
     Experimentation in Science
     Measurement in Science
     Observation in Science
     Prediction in Science
     Scientific Discovery
     Scientific Instruments
     Simulation in Science
     Thought Experiments
     Science and Values
     Applications of Science
     Scientific Practice, Misc
    Scientific Realism
     Varieties of Scientific Realism
     Alternatives to Scientific Realism
     Arguments For and Against Scientific Realism
     Truth and Verisimilitude
     Scientific Realism, Misc
    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
     The Nature of Theories
     Theoretical Virtues
     Underdetermination of Theory by Data
     Models and Idealization
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  5. Kjell Andersson (2008). Transparency and Accountability in Science and Politics: The Awareness Principle. Palgrave Macmillan.
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    Scientific Method
     Evidence
     Confirmation
     Induction
     Probabilistic Reasoning
     Scientific Change
     Inference to the Best Explanation
     Theoretical Virtues
     Scientific Method, Misc
    Explanation
     Theories of Explanation
     Varieties of Explanation
     Explanation in the Sciences
     Explanation, Misc
    History of Science
     History of Psychology
     History of Neuroscience
     History of Biology
     History of Physics
     History of Cognitive Science
     History of Chemistry
     History of Science, Misc
    Laws of Nature
     Anti-Realism about Laws
     Best-Systems Analyses
     Ceteris Paribus Laws
     Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws
     Lawlikeness
     Laws as Relations between Universals
     Necessitarianism about Laws
     Nomological Necessity
     Probabilistic Laws
     Special Science Laws
     Laws of Nature, Misc
     Explanation and Laws
     Causation and Laws
     Dispositions and Laws
    General Phil of Science, Miscellaneous
     Logical Empiricism
     Nature of Science
     Science and Religion
     General Phil of Science, Misc
    Interlevel Relations in Science
     Emergence
     Reduction
     Interlevel Metaphysics
     Metaphysics of Mind
     Physicalism
     Realization
     Supervenience
     Unity of Science
     Interlevel Relations in Biology
     Interlevel Relations in Cognitive Science
     Interlevel Relations in Physical Science
     Interlevel Relations in Science, Misc
    Scientific Change
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Convergent Realism
     Incommensurability in Science
     Research Programs
     Science and Values
     Scientific Change, Misc
     Scientific Progress
     Scientific Revolutions
     Theory Change
    Scientific Language
     Cognitive Significance in Science
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Incommensurability in Science
     Operationalism
     Ramsey Sentences
     Reference in Science
     Scientific Representation
     Scientific Language, Misc
    Scientific Practice
     Experimentation in Science
     Measurement in Science
     Observation in Science
     Prediction in Science
     Scientific Discovery
     Scientific Instruments
     Simulation in Science
     Thought Experiments
     Science and Values
     Applications of Science
     Scientific Practice, Misc
    Scientific Realism
     Varieties of Scientific Realism
     Alternatives to Scientific Realism
     Arguments For and Against Scientific Realism
     Truth and Verisimilitude
     Scientific Realism, Misc
    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
     The Nature of Theories
     Theoretical Virtues
     Underdetermination of Theory by Data
     Models and Idealization
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  6. Nicola Angius & Guglielmo Tamburrini (2011). Scientific Theories of Computational Systems in Model Checking. Minds and Machines 21 (2):323-336.
    Model checking, a prominent formal method used to predict and explain the behaviour of software and hardware systems, is examined on the basis of reflective work in the philosophy of science concerning the ontology of scientific theories and model-based reasoning. The empirical theories of computational systems that model checking techniques enable one to build are identified, in the light of the semantic conception of scientific theories, with families of models that are interconnected by simulation relations. And the mappings between these (...)
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    Scientific Method
     Evidence
     Confirmation
     Induction
     Probabilistic Reasoning
     Scientific Change
     Inference to the Best Explanation
     Theoretical Virtues
     Scientific Method, Misc
    Explanation
     Theories of Explanation
     Varieties of Explanation
     Explanation in the Sciences
     Explanation, Misc
    History of Science
     History of Psychology
     History of Neuroscience
     History of Biology
     History of Physics
     History of Cognitive Science
     History of Chemistry
     History of Science, Misc
    Laws of Nature
     Anti-Realism about Laws
     Best-Systems Analyses
     Ceteris Paribus Laws
     Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws
     Lawlikeness
     Laws as Relations between Universals
     Necessitarianism about Laws
     Nomological Necessity
     Probabilistic Laws
     Special Science Laws
     Laws of Nature, Misc
     Explanation and Laws
     Causation and Laws
     Dispositions and Laws
    General Phil of Science, Miscellaneous
     Logical Empiricism
     Nature of Science
     Science and Religion
     General Phil of Science, Misc
    Interlevel Relations in Science
     Emergence
     Reduction
     Interlevel Metaphysics
     Metaphysics of Mind
     Physicalism
     Realization
     Supervenience
     Unity of Science
     Interlevel Relations in Biology
     Interlevel Relations in Cognitive Science
     Interlevel Relations in Physical Science
     Interlevel Relations in Science, Misc
    Scientific Change
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Convergent Realism
     Incommensurability in Science
     Research Programs
     Science and Values
     Scientific Change, Misc
     Scientific Progress
     Scientific Revolutions
     Theory Change
    Scientific Language
     Cognitive Significance in Science
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Incommensurability in Science
     Operationalism
     Ramsey Sentences
     Reference in Science
     Scientific Representation
     Scientific Language, Misc
    Scientific Practice
     Experimentation in Science
     Measurement in Science
     Observation in Science
     Prediction in Science
     Scientific Discovery
     Scientific Instruments
     Simulation in Science
     Thought Experiments
     Science and Values
     Applications of Science
     Scientific Practice, Misc
    Scientific Realism
     Varieties of Scientific Realism
     Alternatives to Scientific Realism
     Arguments For and Against Scientific Realism
     Truth and Verisimilitude
     Scientific Realism, Misc
    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
     The Nature of Theories
     Theoretical Virtues
     Underdetermination of Theory by Data
     Models and Idealization
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  7. John Peter Anton & George Kimball Plochmann (eds.) (1966). Science, Philosophy, and Our Educational Tasks. [Buffalo]University Council for Educational Administration.
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    Scientific Method
     Evidence
     Confirmation
     Induction
     Probabilistic Reasoning
     Scientific Change
     Inference to the Best Explanation
     Theoretical Virtues
     Scientific Method, Misc
    Explanation
     Theories of Explanation
     Varieties of Explanation
     Explanation in the Sciences
     Explanation, Misc
    History of Science
     History of Psychology
     History of Neuroscience
     History of Biology
     History of Physics
     History of Cognitive Science
     History of Chemistry
     History of Science, Misc
    Laws of Nature
     Anti-Realism about Laws
     Best-Systems Analyses
     Ceteris Paribus Laws
     Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws
     Lawlikeness
     Laws as Relations between Universals
     Necessitarianism about Laws
     Nomological Necessity
     Probabilistic Laws
     Special Science Laws
     Laws of Nature, Misc
     Explanation and Laws
     Causation and Laws
     Dispositions and Laws
    General Phil of Science, Miscellaneous
     Logical Empiricism
     Nature of Science
     Science and Religion
     General Phil of Science, Misc
    Interlevel Relations in Science
     Emergence
     Reduction
     Interlevel Metaphysics
     Metaphysics of Mind
     Physicalism
     Realization
     Supervenience
     Unity of Science
     Interlevel Relations in Biology
     Interlevel Relations in Cognitive Science
     Interlevel Relations in Physical Science
     Interlevel Relations in Science, Misc
    Scientific Change
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Convergent Realism
     Incommensurability in Science
     Research Programs
     Science and Values
     Scientific Change, Misc
     Scientific Progress
     Scientific Revolutions
     Theory Change
    Scientific Language
     Cognitive Significance in Science
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Incommensurability in Science
     Operationalism
     Ramsey Sentences
     Reference in Science
     Scientific Representation
     Scientific Language, Misc
    Scientific Practice
     Experimentation in Science
     Measurement in Science
     Observation in Science
     Prediction in Science
     Scientific Discovery
     Scientific Instruments
     Simulation in Science
     Thought Experiments
     Science and Values
     Applications of Science
     Scientific Practice, Misc
    Scientific Realism
     Varieties of Scientific Realism
     Alternatives to Scientific Realism
     Arguments For and Against Scientific Realism
     Truth and Verisimilitude
     Scientific Realism, Misc
    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
     The Nature of Theories
     Theoretical Virtues
     Underdetermination of Theory by Data
     Models and Idealization
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  8. Bryan Appleyard (1992/1993). Understanding the Present: Science and the Soul of Modern Man. Doubleday.
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    Scientific Method
     Evidence
     Confirmation
     Induction
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     Inference to the Best Explanation
     Theoretical Virtues
     Scientific Method, Misc
    Explanation
     Theories of Explanation
     Varieties of Explanation
     Explanation in the Sciences
     Explanation, Misc
    History of Science
     History of Psychology
     History of Neuroscience
     History of Biology
     History of Physics
     History of Cognitive Science
     History of Chemistry
     History of Science, Misc
    Laws of Nature
     Anti-Realism about Laws
     Best-Systems Analyses
     Ceteris Paribus Laws
     Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws
     Lawlikeness
     Laws as Relations between Universals
     Necessitarianism about Laws
     Nomological Necessity
     Probabilistic Laws
     Special Science Laws
     Laws of Nature, Misc
     Explanation and Laws
     Causation and Laws
     Dispositions and Laws
    General Phil of Science, Miscellaneous
     Logical Empiricism
     Nature of Science
     Science and Religion
     General Phil of Science, Misc
    Interlevel Relations in Science
     Emergence
     Reduction
     Interlevel Metaphysics
     Metaphysics of Mind
     Physicalism
     Realization
     Supervenience
     Unity of Science
     Interlevel Relations in Biology
     Interlevel Relations in Cognitive Science
     Interlevel Relations in Physical Science
     Interlevel Relations in Science, Misc
    Scientific Change
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Convergent Realism
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     Science and Values
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     Scientific Progress
     Scientific Revolutions
     Theory Change
    Scientific Language
     Cognitive Significance in Science
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     Operationalism
     Ramsey Sentences
     Reference in Science
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    Scientific Practice
     Experimentation in Science
     Measurement in Science
     Observation in Science
     Prediction in Science
     Scientific Discovery
     Scientific Instruments
     Simulation in Science
     Thought Experiments
     Science and Values
     Applications of Science
     Scientific Practice, Misc
    Scientific Realism
     Varieties of Scientific Realism
     Alternatives to Scientific Realism
     Arguments For and Against Scientific Realism
     Truth and Verisimilitude
     Scientific Realism, Misc
    Sociology of ScienceTheories and Models
     The Nature of Theories
     Theoretical Virtues
     Underdetermination of Theory by Data
     Models and Idealization
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  9. Roger Ariew, Pierre Duhem. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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    Scientific Method
     Evidence
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     Scientific Method, Misc
    Explanation
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     Explanation in the Sciences
     Explanation, Misc
    History of Science
     History of Psychology
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     History of Cognitive Science
     History of Chemistry
     History of Science, Misc
    Laws of Nature
     Anti-Realism about Laws
     Best-Systems Analyses
     Ceteris Paribus Laws
     Humeanism and Nonhumeanism about Laws
     Lawlikeness
     Laws as Relations between Universals
     Necessitarianism about Laws
     Nomological Necessity
     Probabilistic Laws
     Special Science Laws
     Laws of Nature, Misc
     Explanation and Laws
     Causation and Laws
     Dispositions and Laws
    General Phil of Science, Miscellaneous
     Logical Empiricism
     Nature of Science
     Science and Religion
     General Phil of Science, Misc
    Interlevel Relations in Science
     Emergence
     Reduction
     Interlevel Metaphysics
     Metaphysics of Mind
     Physicalism
     Realization
     Supervenience
     Unity of Science
     Interlevel Relations in Biology
     Interlevel Relations in Cognitive Science
     Interlevel Relations in Physical Science
     Interlevel Relations in Science, Misc
    Scientific Change
     Evolutionary Epistemology
     Conceptual Change in Science
     Convergent Realism
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     Scientific Progress
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  10. A. B. Arons (1964). Science & Ideas. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
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  11. A. B. Arons & Alfred M. Bork (1964). Science & Ideas Selected Readings. Prentice-Hall.
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  12. Eric Dietrich Art Markman (ed.) (2000). Cognitive Dynamics: Conceptual Change in Humans and Machines. Lawrence Erlbaum.
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  13. Maurice Arthus & Henry E. Sigerist (1943). Maurice Arthus' Philosophy of Scientific Investigation Preface to de l'Anaphylaxie Á l'Immunité, Paris, L921. Johns Hopkins Press.
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  14. Keith Ashman & Phillip Barringer (2001). After the Science Wars: Science and the Study of Science. Routledge.
    The "War" in science is largely the discussion between those who believe that science is above criticism and those who do not. After the Science Wars is a collection of essays by leading philosophers and scientists, all attempting to bridge interdisciplinary gulfs in this discussion.
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  15. Bruce Aune (1971). Two Theories of Scientific Knowledge. Critica 5 (13):3 - 20.
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  16. G. B. (1959). The Reach of Science. Review of Metaphysics 12 (3):492-492.
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  17. Babette E. Babich, Symposium: Science Out of Context.
    As one who practices a marginalized approach to the philosophy of science, I have reason to tease mainstream, analytic philosophers about their desire to imitate scientists. But recent events have turned the tables on my joke. In essays and op-ed pieces, physicists are repaying the philosophers' compliment--not only by adopting, as popular science writers have long done, the role of cultural critic, but also by assuming the mantle of philosophy. Science, once the arbiter of scientific truth, now proposes to vet (...)
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  18. Gaston Bachelard (1984). The New Scientific Spirit.
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  19. Gaston Bachelard (1968). The Philosophy of No a Philosophy of the New Scientific Mind. Orion Press.
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  20. Daniela M. Bailer-Jones (2001). Nancy Cartwright, the Dappled World. A Study of the Boundaries of Science. Erkenntnis 54 (3):412-415.
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  21. V. Bakoš (2007). Philosophical Production of the Association for Scientific Synthesis: Towards the 70th Anniversary of Its Foundation. Filozofia 62:853-869.
    The Association for Scientific Synthesis gathered a group of Slovak intellectuals, who tried to introduce modern scientific attitudes and structural methods into Slovak culture. In their systematic effort for a coordinated and convergent scientific research, for an exact scientific language and methods they were inspired by logical empiricism of Wiener Kreis, Czech Structuralism and Russian „formal“ school. Much of their attention was paid to such problems as the philosophy and methodology of science, concept of empirical knowledge, questions of logical syntax (...)
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  22. Wolfgang Balzer & C. Ulises Moulines (1999). Structuralist Theory of Science. Erkenntnis 51 (2):353-356.
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  23. Jeffrey Barrett, On the Cognitive Status of Our Best Physical Theories.
    There is good reason to suppose that our best physical theories are false: In addition to its own internal problems, the standard formulation of quantum mechanics is logically incompatible with special relativity. There is also good reason to suppose that we have no concrete idea concerning what it might mean to claim that these theories are approximately or vaguely true. I will argue that providing a concrete understanding the approximate or vague truth of our current physical theories is not a (...)
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  24. John D. Barrow (2001). The Book of Nothing. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  25. Kirill Bardymovich Batoroev (1981). Analogii I Modeli V Poznanii. Izd-Vo "Nauka," Sibirskoe Otd-Nie.
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  26. H. Heath Bawden (1910). Art and Science. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 7 (22):602-608.
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  27. William Bechtel (1984). Reconceptualizations and Interfield Connections: The Discovery of the Link Between Vitamins and Coenzymes. Philosophy of Science 51 (2):265-292.
    The discovery that some B vitamins are constituents of respiratory coenzymes led to the development of an interfield theory of the kind discussed by Darden and Maull (1977). In this paper it is shown that the development of a useful interfield connection was made possible by two reconceptualizations: (1) a reconceptualization that united two then-distinct fields giving rise to the concept of vitamins as dietary substances; and (2) another reconceptualization that united two approaches to respiratory metabolism producing the idea that (...)
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  28. Gail Belaief (1977). Philosophy and the Special Sciences. Journal of Critical Analysis 6 (4):101-109.
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  29. Victor Bell (1932). Philosophical Aspects of Modern Science. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 10:228.
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  30. A. C. Benjamin (1938). Science and the Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Science 5 (4):421-433.
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  31. A. Cornelius Benjamin (1960). Is the Philosophy of Science Scientific? Philosophy of Science 27 (4):351-358.
    It is helpful for any enterprise to stop occasionally and examine itself. Science has done this rather infrequently in its long and eventful history, and there has not been, in general, any continuity in these self-examinations. As a result the history of the philosophy of science has been a rather spotty affair. My belief is that the philosophy of science should also, at times, become self-critical. When a study is concerned primarily with methods of other disciplines it tends to underemphasize (...)
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  32. Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (1990). A View Of The Chemical Revolution Through Contemporary Textbooks: Lavoisier, Fourcroy and Chaptal. British Journal for the History of Science 23 (4):435-460.
    Scientific textbooks are often said to deliver a stereotyped kind of knowledge, which conceals rather than reveals the real making of science. They may, however, alternatively be regarded as of peculiar interest for historians of science. An over-mechanical application of the Kuhnian concepts of ‘scientific revolution’ and ‘normal science’ can lead to the neglect of the internal dynamics of ‘normal science’. Scientific textbooks may provide a better understanding of the process of normalization in science.
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  33. William Beranek (ed.) (1972). Science, Scientists, and Society. Tarrytown-on-Hudson, N.Y.,Bodgen & Quigley.
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  34. Dénes Berényi (2009). Tudomány És Kultúra. Typotex.
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  35. K. Berka (1982). The Scientific Work of Filkorn, V. Filosoficky Casopis 30 (3):352-363.
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