About this topic
Summary Genetic ethics is the study of the moral and political implications of (A) discoveries in the field of genetics (B) advances in genetic technology. For example, a study of the ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI) of (A) and (B) was funded as part of the Human Genome Project, started in 1986 and concluded in 2003, whose main goal was to identify all the genes in the human DNA and determine the sequence of all DNA chemical bases of a human being. Genes are units of biological hereditary information, which can be coded by different molecules (sharing similar characteristics), the most stable of which is the DNA. Since the information stored in genes influences the development of a whole organism, it is often regarded as having special importance, thus raising issues of privacy protection or discrimination. It is also apt to be used in controversial ways, e.g. deciding whether a future human person ought to exist or not (such as in selective preimplantation genetic diagnosis or abortion).  
Key works Harris 1992 argues that it is mandatory to use advances in gene therapy to remove vulnerability to infections and pollutants or to radiation damage. It advances an argument that, beside removing the genetic causes of what we regard today as "disability", it is equally mandatory to retard the ageing process, remove predispositions to heart disease, destroy carcinogens and permit human beings to tolerate other environmental pollutants.  Buchanan et al 2000 focuses on justice in the access to human genetic technology, but considers a broad range of themes and arguments: the moral heredity of eugenics, the distinction between therapy and enhancement, constrains and permissions on parental choices of genetic selection, and the disability critique of liberal eugenics. It maintains a position that is liberal, in that it permits individuals a wide range of choices concerning the genetic endowments of their future children, yet constrains it by blocking interventions which would harm the future person (by reducing future options) or society (by causing an unfair distribution of social goods). Fukuyama 2002 regards genetic technology the practice that will radically change human nature with irreversible moral implications. Genetic technology is thus objectionable, in that undermines the natural presuppositions of egalitarian liberalism. Habermas 2003 defends a principled distinction between gene-therapy to cure disease and genetic manipulation allowing parents to select the traits of future children. The latter is seen as incompatible with egalitarian relationships between human beings and their freedom of choice. 
Introductions Buchanan et al manuscript; Brock 2003.
  Show all references
Related categories
Subcategories:
1269 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 1269
Material to categorize
  1. Joseph S. Alper (2002). The Double-Edged Helix Social Implications of Genetics in a Diverse Society. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. E. M. Armstrong (2002). Book Review: Playing God: Human Genetic Engineering and the Rationalization of Public Bioethical Debate by John H. Evans. [REVIEW] Princeton Journal of Bioethics 5:105-110.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Francisco J. Ayala (1989). Genetic Mixing. BioScience 39 (1):45-46.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Eugen Baer (forthcoming). Editing the Text of a Disease: Semiotic and Ethical Aspects of Therapeutic Genetic Engineering. Biosemiotics: The Semiotic Web.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. John H. Benedict & F. W. Plapp (1984). Genetic Toxicology. BioScience 34 (5):329-329.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. P. R. Billings (forthcoming). International Aspects of Genetic Discrimination in Human Genome Research and Society. Proceedings of the Second International Bioethics Seminar.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Charles Birch & Paul Abrecht (1975). Genetics and the Quality of Life [Papers of a Symposium].
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Gisela Bockenheimer-Lucius & Matthias Kettner (2000). How Television Conveys Issues of Medical Ethics-Preliminary Inquiries to Reconstruct the Enactment of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis. Ethik in der Medizin 12 (3):154-170.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. W. Malcolm Byrnes (2003). The Ecological Imperative and its Application to Ethical Issues in Human Genetic Technology. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 2003:63-65.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. C. O. Carter (1973). Nature and Distribution of Genetic Abnormalities. Journal of Biosocial Science 5 (2):261.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Lucy Carter (2002). The Ethics of Germ Line Gene Manipulation--A Five Dimensional Debate. Monash Bioethics Review 21 (4).
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Wevelsiep Christian (2000). Genetic Advisory-Communication Structure. Ethik in der Medizin 12 (2).
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Celeste Michelle Condit (1999). The Meanings of the Gene: Public Debates About Human Heredity. University of Wisconsin Press.
    The work of scientists and doctors in advancing genetic research and its applications has been accompanied by plenty of discussion in the popular press—from Good Housekeeping and Forbes to Ms. and the Congressional Record—about such ...
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. G. Czihak & Th Rassem (1994). Dawn of Human Genetics. Ntm International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology & Medicine 2 (1):175-182.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Arthur Ernest Davies (1910). Library of Genetic Science and Philosophy. Vol. I: The Moral Life. A Study in Genetic Ethics. Philosophical Review 19 (4):450-452.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Magdalena Fikus (1998). Genetic Revolution—the Reflections of a Biologist. Dialogue and Universalism 8 (9):41.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. John B. Gibson (1973). Social Mobility and the Genetic Structure of Populations. Journal of Biosocial Science 5 (2):251.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Martin Gunderson (2008). Genetic Engineering and the Consent of Future Persons. Journal of Evolution and Technology 18 (1):86-93.
    The debate over whether germ-line genetic engineering is justified on the basis of the consent or presumed consent of future generations is mired in philosophical confusion. Because of this, the principle of informed consent fails to provide a reason to restrict germ-line genetic engineering. Most recent bioethicists ground the consent requirement on individual autonomy. While conceptually coherent, the notion of individual autonomy also fails to provide a reason for prohibiting germ-line genetic engineering. Moreover, it offers little in the way of (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. John Harris & Louise Irving (2009). Biobanking. In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oup Oxford.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. David Jayne Hill (1894). Genetic Philosophy. Philosophical Review 3 (1):81-85.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Richard Hull (1997). "Genetic Carrier Status And The Contextual Reality Of Genetic Disease; A Contribution To Uram Genome Studies": Texas Council for the Humanities and University at Buffalo, State University of New York, USA. Ultimate Reality and Meaning 20 (4).
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Vladimir I. Ivanov (forthcoming). Bioethical Aspects of Medical Applications of Human Genome and Gene Therapy Projects in Russia. Bioethics in Asia. The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Yasuo Kagawa (forthcoming). 8.1. Gene Therapy of Mitochondrial Diseases. Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Jane Kaye, Paula Boddington, Jantina de Vries, Naomi Hawkins & Karen Melham, Ethical Implications of the Use of Whole Genome Methods in Medical Research.
    The use of genome-wide association studies in medical research and the increased ability to share data give a new twist to some of the perennial ethical issues associated with genomic research. GWAS create particular challenges because they produce fine, detailed, genotype information at high resolution, and the results of more focused studies can potentially be used to determine genetic variation for a wide range of conditions and traits. The information from a GWA scan is derived from DNA that is a (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Noa Sophie Kohler (2014). Genes as a Historical Archive: On the Applicability of Genetic Research to Sociohistorical Questions: The Debate on the Origins of Ashkenazi Jewry Revisited. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (1):105-117.
    Researching patterns of genetic diversity has become a method for geneticists to attempt to tell the story of human populations over time: their demographic history, the distance or scope of relatedness between ethnic groups or sub-groups. Lately, accounts of genetic studies aimed at shedding light on questions of history have been widely successful with the lay public. Invariably though, the original studies were, first and foremost, academic and technical papers in natural sciences. At first glance, applying genetic tools to find (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Ulrich Kortner (2001). The Challenge of Genetic Engineering to Medical Anthropology and Ethics. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 7 (1):21.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Alfred Korzybski (1922). Manhood of Humanity; The Science and Art of Human Engineering. Journal of Philosophy 19 (11):301-303.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. T. T. Kozlowski (1989). Genetic Resources. BioScience 39 (3):186-187.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Chris MacDonald (2002). Commercialisation of Genetic Services: The Role of Genetic Counsellors. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 8 (1):1.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Darryl R. J. Macer & Eubios Ethics Institute (1994). Bioethics for the People, by the People.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. E. Marin, R. Amils & A. Ruiz Miguel (1993). Ethical, Legal and Medical Implications of the Human Genome Project. A Spanish Perspective. Global Bioethics 6 (2):113-119.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. P. Maurizio, M. K. Gross & H. R. Scholer (1998). Errata-Maurizio P, Gross, MK, Scholer HR. 1998. In Line with Our Ancestors: Oct-4 and the Mammalian Germ. Bioessays 20 (12):1056.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. P. Maurizio, M. K. Gross & H. R. Scholer (1998). In Line with Our Ancestors: Oct-4 and the Mammalian Germ (Vol 20, Pg 722, 1998). Bioessays 20 (12):1056-1056.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. John H. Morgan (1982). Genetic Self-Identification and the Future. Philosophy Today 26 (4):301-311.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Nanette Newell (1986). Genetic History. BioScience 36 (3):194-196.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Michael R. Panicola (2002). Three Views on the Preimplantation Embryo. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (1):69-97.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Joseph Peterson (1915). Oore's The Genetic Aspects of Consonance and Dissonance. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 12 (25):694.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Vassilis Ragoussis, Ida Ngueng Feze & Yann Joly (2014). Sharing Genetic Information Online: An Exploration of GINA's 2.0 Frontier. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (11):53-55.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Michael Reiss (1999). What Sort of People Do We Want? The Ethics of Changing People Through Genetic Engineering. Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 13 (1):63-92.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Troy D. Sadler & Dana L. Zeidler (2005). The Significance of Content Knowledge for Informal Reasoning Regarding Socioscientific Issues: Applying Genetics Knowledge to Genetic Engineering Issues. Science Education 89 (1):71-93.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Troy D. Sadler & Dana L. Zeidler (2004). The Morality of Socioscientific Issues: Construal and Resolution of Genetic Engineering Dilemmas. Science Education 88 (1):4-27.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Julian Savulescu, Melanie Hemsley, Ainsley Newson & Bennett Foddy (2006). Behavioural Genetics: Why Eugenic Selection is Preferable to Enhancement. Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):157-171.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Eric B. Schmidt (2004). Expanding the Child's Range of Open Futures: A Proposed Basis for the Ethical Assessment of Parental Genetic Trait Selections. Dissertation, University of Washington
    This dissertation considers the bases upon which ethical assessments of parental genetic trait selections for their children can be made. It argues that if parents engage in genetic trait selections, they must act to expand their child's range of open futures, not to constrict their child's range of open futures or to differentially shift their child's range of open futures. It contends that other proposed distinctions, including distinctions between normal and diseased states and between treatment selections and enhancement selections, do (...)
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Susumu Shimazono (2010). Reasons Against the Selection of Life: From Japan's Experience of Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis. In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oup Oxford.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Eliot Slater (1936). Human Genetics and its Social Import. The Eugenics Review 28 (3):225.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Kaoru Suzumori (forthcoming). F25. The Present State of and Issues Concerning Preimplantation Diagnosis. Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. P. S. Timiras (2001). Genetic Imaginations: Ethical, Legal and Social Issues in Human Genome Research. Edited by Peter Glasner and Harry Rothman. The European Legacy 6 (1):122-122.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. John E. Toll (1988). Will Biotechnology Improve Biological Controls? BioScience 38 (9):588-588.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. D. Turnball (2002). Reflections on Genetic Manipulation and Duties to Posterity: An Engagement with Skene and Coady. Monash Bioethics Review 21 (4):10-31.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Kelly A. Waples & Clifford S. Stagoll (forthcoming). Ethical Issues in the Release of Animals From Captivity. BioScience.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1269