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  1. L. Albertazzi (1999). Shapes of Forms From Gestalt Psychology and Phenomenology to Ontology and Mathematics.
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  2. Rudolf Arnheim (1981). Style as a Gestalt Problem. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 39 (3):281-289.
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  3. Rudolf Arnheim (1943). Gestalt and Art. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 2 (8):71-75.
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  4. Mitchell G. Ash & Jonathan Harwood (1998). Essay Review-Gestalt Psychology in German Culture, 1890-1967: Holism and the Quest for Objectivity. History of Science 36 (4):485-497.
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  5. Gloria Ayob (2009). The Aspect-Perception Passages: A Critical Investigation of Köhler's Isomorphism Principle. Philosophical Investigations 32 (3):264-280.
    In this paper I argue that Wittgenstein's aim in the aspect-perception passages is to critically evaluate a specific hypothesis. The target hypothesis in these passages is the Gestalt psychologist Köhler's "isomorphism principle." According to this principle, there are neural correlates of conscious perceptual experience, and these neural correlates determine the content of our perceptual experiences. Wittgenstein's argument against the isomorphism principle comprises two steps. First, he diffuses the substantiveness of the principle by undermining an important assumption that underpins this principle, (...)
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  6. Thomas Baldwin (ed.) (2003). The Cambridge History of Philosophy, 1870-1945. Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870-1945 comprises over sixty specially commissioned essays by experts on the philosophy of this period, and is designed to be accessible to non-specialists. The first part of the book traces the history of philosophy from its remarkable flowering in the 1870s through to the early years of the twentieth century. After a brief discussion of the impact of the First World War, the second part of the book describes further developments in philosophy in the first (...)
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  7. Russell A. Bell & William Bevan (1968). Influence of Anchors Upon the Operation of Certain Gestalt Organizing Principles. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):670.
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  8. Rudolph Berlinger (1982). Das Individuum in Gestalt der Person. Perspektiven der Philosophie 8:101-114.
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  9. Christian Bermes (2012). Radikalitat Etikett oder Gestalt? Zum Ort des Radikalen in der Kultur. Zeitschrift für Kulturphilosophie 2012 (2):273-285.
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  10. Luciano Boi (2007). Phénoménologie et méréologie de la perception spatiale, de Husserl aux théoriciens de la Gestalt. In Luciano Boi, Pierre Kerszberg & Frédéric Patras (eds.), Rediscovering Phenomenology: Phenomenological Essays on Mathematical Beings, Physical Reality, Perception and Consciousness (Phaenomenologica) (English and French Edition). Springer 33-66.
  11. Robert Briscoe (forthcoming). Depiction, Pictorial Experience, and Vision Science. Philosophical Topics 44 (2).
    Pictures are 2D surfaces designed to elicit 3D-scene-representing experiences from their viewers. In this essay, I argue that philosophers have tended to underestimate the relevance of research in vision science to understanding the nature of pictorial experience. Both the deeply entrenched methodology of virtual psychophysics as well as empirical studies of pictorial space perception provide compelling support for the view that pictorial experience and seeing face-to-face are experiences of the same psychological, explanatory kind. I also show that an empirically informed (...)
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  12. Robert Briscoe (2011). Mental Imagery and the Varieties of Amodal Perception. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 92 (2):153-173.
    The problem of amodal perception is the problem of how we represent features of perceived objects that are occluded or otherwise hidden from us. Bence Nanay (2010) has recently proposed that we amodally perceive an object's occluded features by imaginatively projecting them into the relevant regions of visual egocentric space. In this paper, I argue that amodal perception is not a single, unitary capacity. Drawing appropriate distinctions reveals amodal perception to be characterized not only by mental imagery, as Nanay suggests, (...)
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  13. Robert Briscoe (2008). Vision, Action, and Make‐Perceive. Mind and Language 23 (4):457-497.
    In this paper, I critically assess the enactive account of visual perception recently defended by Alva Noë (2004). I argue inter alia that the enactive account falsely identifies an object’s apparent shape with its 2D perspectival shape; that it mistakenly assimilates visual shape perception and volumetric object recognition; and that it seriously misrepresents the constitutive role of bodily action in visual awareness. I argue further that noticing an object’s perspectival shape involves a hybrid experience combining both perceptual and imaginative elements (...)
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  14. Cairns Cairns (1954). AWLINS' Aesthetics and the Gestalt. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15:430.
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  15. Carmelo Calì (2013). Gestalt Models for Data Decomposition and Functional Architecture in Visual Neuroscience. Gestalt Theory 35 (227-264).
    Attempts to introduce Gestalt theory into the realm of visual neuroscience are discussed on both theoretical and experimental grounds. To define the framework in which these proposals can be defended, this paper outlines the characteristics of a standard model, which qualifies as a received view in the visual neurosciences, and of the research into natural images statistics. The objections to the standard model and the main questions of the natural images research are presented. On these grounds, this paper defends the (...)
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  16. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2003). Sfondo e figura. Rivista di Estetica 43 (24):38-40.
    A dialogue between a figure and its background, illustrating that the perceptual conditions that determine which is which are not as clear as standard Gestalt theory dictates.
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  17. Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (2013). Gestalt, Equivalency, and Functional Dependency. Kurt Grelling’s Formal Ontology. In Nikolay Milkov & Volker Peckhaus (eds.), The Berlin Group and the Philosophy of Logical Empiricism. Springer 245--261.
    In his ontological works Kurt Grelling tries to give a rigorous analysis of the foundations of the so-called Gestalt-psychology. Gestalten are peculiar emergent qualities, ontologically dependent on their foundations, but nonetheless non reducible to them. Grelling shows that this concept, as used in psychology and ontology, is often ambiguous. He distinguishes two important meanings in which the word “Gestalt” is used: Gestalten as structural aspects available to transposition and Gestalten as causally self-regulating wholes. Gestalten in the first meaning are, according (...)
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  18. T. F. Cloonan (2006). Verstegen, I.(2005). Arnheim, Gestalt and Art: A Psychological Theory. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 37 (2):272.
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  19. Thomas E. Davitt (1936). Gestalt Psychology: A Survey of Facts and Principles. [REVIEW] Modern Schoolman 14:20.
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  20. Christian Diehm (2006). Arne Naess and the Task of Gestalt Ontology. Environmental Ethics 28 (1):21-35.
    While much of Arne Naess’s ecosophy underscores the importance of understanding one’s ecological Self, his analyses of gestaltism are significant in that they center less on questions of the self than on questions of nature and what is other-than-human. Rather than the realization of a more expansive Self, gestalt ontology calls for a “gestalt shift” in our thinking about nature, one that allows for its intrinsic value to emerge clearly. Taking such a gestalt shift as a central task enables Naess (...)
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  21. M. C. Dillon (1971). Gestalt Theory and Merleau-Ponty's Concept of Intentionality. Man and World 4 (4):436-459.
    The intent of the article is to define merleau-ponty's place in the phenomenological tradition and, at the same time, to defend his standpoint, especially on those issues where his thought represents a departure from the tradition. although merleau-ponty espouses a form of the husserlian doctrine of the intentionality of consciousness, his understanding of intentionality differs in several fundamental respects from husserl's. the article attempts to show specifically where merleau-ponty's gestalt- theoretical orientation leads him to modify such basic aspects of husserl's (...)
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  22. Birgitta Dresp (2003). Double, Double, Toil and Trouble – Fire Burn, and Theory Bubble! Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):409-410.
    Lehar's Gestalt Bubble model introduces a computational approach to holistic aspects of three-dimensional scene perception. The model as such has merit because it manages to translate certain Gestalt principles of perceptual organization into formal codes or algorithms. The mistake made in this target article is to present the model within the theoretical framework of the question of consciousness. As a scientific approach to the problem of consciousness, the Gestalt Bubble fails for several reasons. This commentary addresses three of these: (1) (...)
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  23. Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Adam Reeves (eds.) (2014). Color and Figure-Ground: From Signals to Qualia. Routledge.
    The laws which predict how the perceptual quality of figure-ground can be extracted from the most elementary visual signals were discovered by the Gestaltists, and form an essential part of their movement (see especially Metzger, 1930, and Wertheimer, 1923 translated and re-edited by Lothar Spillmann, 2009 and 2012, respectively). Distinguishing figure from ground is a prerequisite for perception of both form and space (the relative positions, trajectories, and distances of objects in the visual field. The human brain has an astonishing (...)
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  24. Birgitta Dresp-Langley & Adam Reeves (2014). Effects of Saturation and Contrast Polarity on the Figure-Ground Organization of Color on Gray. Frontiers in Psychology 5 (1136):1-9.
    Poorly saturated colors are closer to a pure grey than strongly saturated ones and, therefore, appear less “colorful”. Color saturation is effectively manipulated in the visual arts for balancing conflicting sensations and moods and for inducing the perception of relative distance in the pictorial plane. While perceptual science has proven quite clearly that the luminance contrast of any hue acts as a self-sufficient cue to relative depth in visual images, the role of color saturation in such figure-ground organization has remained (...)
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  25. C. Von Ehrenfels (1988). On'Gestalt Qualities'. In Barry Smith (ed.), Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia 82--117.
  26. Christian von Ehrenfels (1988). Gestalt Level and Gestalt Purity. In Barry Smith (ed.), Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia
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  27. Christian Ehrenfels & Ferdinand Weinhandl (1974). Gestalthaftes Sehen Ergebnisse Und Aufgaben der Morphologie: Zum Hundertjährigen Geburtstag von Christian von Ehrenfels.
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  28. Christian Ehrenfels & Ferdinand Weinhandl (1960). Gestalthaftes Sehen Ergebnisse Und Aufgaben der Morphologie. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
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  29. Walter H. Ehrenstein, Lothar Spillmann & Viktor Sarris (2003). Gestalt Issues in Modern Neuroscience. Axiomathes 13 (3-4):433-458.
    We present select examples of how visual phenomena can serve as tools to uncoverbrain mechanisms. Specifically, receptive field organization is proposed as a Gestalt-like neural mechanism of perceptual organization. Appropriate phenomena, such as brightness and orientation contrast, subjective contours, filling-in, and aperture-viewed motion, allow for a quantitative comparison between receptive fields and their psychophysical counterparts, perceptive fields. Phenomenology might thus be extended from the study of perceptual qualities to their transphenomenal substrates, including memory functions. In conclusion, classic issues of Gestalt (...)
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  30. Willis D. Ellis (1939). A Source Book of Gestalt Psychology. Journal of Philosophy 36 (11):302-304.
    "First Published in 1999, Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.".
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  31. Willis D. Ellis (ed.) (1938). Source Book of Gestalt Psychology. Harcourt, Brace and Co.
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  32. William M. Epstein & Gary Hatfield (1994). Gestalt Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):163-181.
    The Gestalt psychologists adopted a set of positions on mind-body issues that seem like an odd mix. They sought to combine a version of naturalism and physiological reductionism with an insistence on the reality of the phenomenal and the attribution of meanings to objects as natural characteristics. After reviewing basic positions in contemporary philosophy of mind, we examine the Gestalt position, characterizing it m terms of phenomenal realism and programmatic reductionism. We then distinguish Gestalt philosophy of mind from instrumentalism and (...)
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  33. Evan Fales (1996). A Defense of the Given. Lanham: Rowman &Amp; Littlefield.
    The Doctrine of the Given The Myth of the Given A Methodological Problem To a convinced foundationalist, the project of establishing the existence of the ...
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  34. Uljana Feest (2014). Phenomenal Experiences, First-Person Methods, and the Artificiality of Experimental Data. Philosophy of Science 81 (5):927-939.
    This paper argues that whereas philosophical discussions of first-person methods often turn on the veridicality of first-person reports, more attention should be paid to the experimental circumstances under which the reports are generated, and to the purposes of designing such experiments. After pointing to the ‘constructedness’ of first-person reports in the science of perception, I raise questions about the criteria by which to judge whether the reports illuminate something about the nature of perception. I illustrate this point with a historical (...)
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  35. Jerome Aaron Fleischer (1973). An Observational-Descriptive Case Study in Gestalt Therapy. Dissertation, The University of Tennessee
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  36. Risieri Frondizi (1976). The Self as a Dynamic Gestalt. Personalist 57 (1):55-63.
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  37. Ash Gobar (1969). Philosophic Foundations of Genetic Psychology and Gestalt Psychology a Comparative Study of the Empirical Basis, Theoretical Structure and Epistemological Groundwork of European Biological Psychology. Martinus Nijhoff.
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  38. Ash Gobar (1968). Philosophic Foundations Of Genetic Psychology And Gestalt Psychology. Martinus Nilboff.
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  39. Jorge J. E. Gracia (1976). Frondizi's Theory of the Self as a Dynamic Gestalt. [REVIEW] Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (1):64.
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  40. K. Grelling & P. Oppenheim (1988). The Concept of Gestalt in the Light of Modern Logic. In Barry Smith (ed.), Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Philosophia
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  41. Kuft Grelling & Paul Oppenheim (1937). Supplementary Remarks on the Concept of Gestalt. Erkenntnis 7 (1):357-359.
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  42. Reinhardt S. Grossman (1977). Structures Versus Sets: The Philosophical Background of Gestalt Psychology. Critica 9 (December):3-21.
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  43. Aron Gurwitsch (1964). The Field of Consciousness. Duquesne University Press.
  44. Petr Hájek (1965). Modelle Der Mengenlehre, in Denen Mengen Gegebener Gestalt Existieren. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 11 (2):103-115.
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  45. D. Hamlyn (1952). KATZ, D. -Gestalt Psychology. [REVIEW] Mind 61:287.
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  46. D. W. Hamlyn (1951). Psychological Explanation and the Gestalt Hypothesis. Mind 60 (240):506-520.
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  47. David W. Hamlyn (1957). The Psychology Of Perception: A Philosophical Examination Of Gestalt Theory And Derivative Theories Of Perception. The Humanities Press.
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  48. James Barclay Hartman (1959). A Gestalt Theory of Musical Perception. Dissertation, Northwestern University
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  49. George W. Hartmann (1936). Gestalt Psychology. Philosophical Review 45:427.
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  50. Gary Hatfield (2012). Koffka, Köhler, and the “Crisis” in Psychology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (2):483-492.
    This paper examines the claims of the Gestalt psychologists that there was a crisis in experimental psychology ca. 1900, which arose because the prevailing sensory atomism excluded meaning from among psychological phenomena. The Gestaltists claim that a primary motivation of their movement was to show, against the speculative psychologists and philosophers and Verstehen historians, that natural scientific psychology can handle meaning. Purportedly, they revealed this motivation in their initial German-language presentations but in English emphasized their scientific accomplishments for an American (...)
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