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  1. J. Aguilar & A. Buckareff (eds.) (2010). Causing Human Action: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action. Bradford.
  2. Jonas Åkerman (2009). Perspectival Thought: A Plea for Moderate Relativism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 62 (4).
  3. Hilan Bensusan, Holism and Dispositions.
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  4. F. H. Bradley (1893/1969). Appearance and Reality: A Metaphysical Essay,. New York [Etc.]Oxford U.P..
    First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  5. John Burgess (2010). Could a Zygote Be a Human Being? Bioethics 24 (2):61-70.
    This paper re-examines the question of whether quirks of early human foetal development tell against the view (conceptionism) that we are human beings at conception. A zygote is capable of splitting to give rise to identical twins. Since the zygote cannot be identical with either human being it will become, it cannot already be a human being. Parallel concerns can be raised about chimeras in which two embryos fuse. I argue first that there are just two ways of dealing with (...)
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  6. R. G. Collingwood (1998/1983). An Essay on Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
    One of the great Oxford philosopher's finest works, Essay on Metaphysics considers the nature of philosophy, and puts forward Collingwood's original and influential theories of causation, presuppositions, and the logic of question and answer. This new edition includes three fascinating unpublished pieces that illuminate and amplify the Essay.
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  7. Raul Corazzon, Roman Ingarden: Ontology as a Science on the Possible Ways of Existence.
    "Ingarden held that philosophy divides into ontology and metaphysics. Ontology is an autonomous discipline in which we discover and establish the necessary connections between pure ideal qualities by intuitive analysis of the contents of ideas. This is an indispensable preparation for metaphysics, which aims to elucidate the necessary truths of factual existence. Each section of philosophy - theory of knowledge, philosophy of man, philosophy of nature and so on - has ontological and metaphysical aspects. Ingarden argues that every being is (...)
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  8. Barry Dainton, Line and Reality.
    For those with an interest in the most fundamental components of reality, reflecting on the simplest of things can yield a rich harvest. Consider two buttons, of exactly the same shade of red, one round and made of plastic, the other square and made of wood. Each button is clearly a distinct object in its own right: each is composed of a different portion of matter, each has its own spatial location. But are the buttons completely distinct? It might seem (...)
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  9. John Haldane (2006). Ethics, Religion, and Relativism. Review of Metaphysics 60 (1):121-139.
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  10. Daniel Lim (2014). Occasionalism and Non-Reductive Physicalism: Another Look at the Continuous Creation Argument. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 75 (1):39-57.
    Malebranche’s so-called conservation is continuous creation (CCC) argument has been celebrated as a powerful and persuasive argument for Occasionalism—the claim that only God has and exercises causal powers. In this paper I want to examine the CCC argument for Occasionalism by comparing it to Jaegwon Kim’s so-called Supervenience argument against non-reductive physicalism. Because the arguments have deep similarities it is interesting and fruitful to consider them in tandem. First I argue that both the CCC argument and the Supervenience argument turn (...)
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  11. Martin Lin (forthcoming). The Principle of Sufficient Reason in Spinoza. In Michael Della Rocca (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Spinoza.
  12. John E. Llewelyn (1961). Collingwood's Doctrine of Absolute Presuppositions. Philosophical Quarterly 11 (42):49-60.
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  13. Rex Martin (1989). Collingwood's Claim That Metaphysics is a Historical Discipline. The Monist 72 (4):489-525.
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  14. W. P. Montague (1910). Review: 'A Pluralistic Universe' and the Logic of Irrationalism. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 7 (6):141-155.
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  15. Ricardo Parellada (2007). Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism. Review of Metaphysics 61 (2):451-452.
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  16. Lionel Rubinoff (1970). Collingwood and the Reform of Metaphysics. University of Toronto Press.
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  17. Sergeiy Sandler, The Reinterpretation of Kant and the Neo-Kantians: On Bakhtin’s Pattern of Appropriation.
    Studies of the origins of Mikhail Bakhtin’s thought have tended to either follow a traditional intellectual history paradigm—where establishing the presence of an influence is taken to be a sign of Bakhtin’s identity as a thinker—or to view terminological and conceptual borrowings in Bakhtin’s work as mere veneer in which he dressed his own ideas to make them publishable or acceptable to his peers in a hostile political and intellectual environment. And while Bakhtin did absorb some genuine formative influences, and (...)
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  18. Jolanta Żelazna (2004). Substancja, atrybuty, modi - nieporozumienia związane z recepcją \"Etyki\" Spinozy. Filo-Sofija 4 (1(4)):141-170.
    Substance, attributes, modi - misunderstandings connected with the reception of Spinoza's "Ethics" The text tries to answer the question of the sources of misunderstandings connected with the reception of Spinoza's philosophy, especially with his understanding of the substance, attributes, modifications and infinity in "Ethics". Assumptions made by Spinoza, for instance the postulate of describing the human being as a "state in state" of Nature during a research procedure comply with the rules of model of the modern science. In "Ethics", based (...)
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  19. Jolanta Żelazna (1997). Myślenie, pojęcie i słowo w Etyce Spinozy. Idea 9 (9):53-64.
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Idealism
  1. Robert Merrihew Adams (1987). Berkeley and Epistemology. In Ernest Sosa (ed.), Essays on the Philosophy of George Berkeley. D. Reidel.
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  2. Edwin B. Allaire (1982). Berkeley's Idealism Revisited. In Colin M. Turbayne (ed.), Berkeley: Critical and Interpretive Essays.
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  3. Edwin B. Allaire (1963). Berkeley's Idealism. Theoria 29 (3):229-244.
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  4. Alex Astrov (2005). The Sceptical Idealist: Michael Oakeshott as a Critic of the Enlightenment. Contemporary Political Theory 4 (2):211.
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  5. Luis M. Augusto (2005). Who's Afraid of Idealism? University Press of America.
    In Who's Afraid of Idealism? the philosophical concept of idealism, the extent to which reality is mind-made, is examined in new light. Author Luis M. Augusto explores epistemological idealism, at the source of all other kinds of idealism, from the viewpoints of Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Nietzsche, two philosophers who spent a large part of their lives denigrating the very concept. Working from Kant and Nietzsche's viewpoints that idealism was a scandal to philosophy and the cause of nihilism, Augusto evaluates (...)
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  6. Murat Baç & Renée Elio (2004). Scheme-Based Alethic Realism: Agency, the Environment, and Truthmaking. Minds and Machines 14 (2):173-196.
    This paper presents a position called Scheme-based Alethic Realism, which reconciles a realist position on the nature of truth with a pluralistic Kantian perspective that allows for multiple environments in which truthmaking relationships are established. We argue that truthmaking functions are constrained by a stable phenomenal world and a stable cognitive architecture. This account takes truth as normatively distinct from epistemic justification while relativizing the truth conditions of our statements to what we call Frameworks. The pluralistic aspect allows that these (...)
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  7. Isaac D. Balbus (2003). Against the Idealism of the Affects. Political Theory 31 (6):859-870.
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  8. Marina Paola Banchetti (1992). My Station and Its Duties. Idealistic Studies 22 (1):11-27.
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  9. E. Barkin (2003). Relative Phenomenalism - Toward a More Plausible Theory of Mind. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (8):3-13.
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  10. John Bolender (2001). An Argument for Idealism. Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (4):37-61.
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  11. John Bolender (1998). Factual Phenomenalism: A Supervenience Theory. Sorites 9 (9):16-31.
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  12. Curtis Brown (1988). Internal Realism: Transcendental Idealism? Midwest Studies in Philosophy 12 (1):145-155.
    Idealism is an ontological view, a view about what sorts of things there are in the universe. Idealism holds that what there is depends on our own mental structure and activity. Berkeley of course held that everything was mental; Kant held the more complex view that there was an important distinction between the mental and the physical, but that the structure of the empirical world depended on the activities of minds. Despite radical differences, idealists like Berkeley and Kant share what (...)
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  13. Edward P. Butler (2011). Plato's Gods and the Way of Ideas. Diotima 39:73-87.
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  14. Ralph W. Church (1935). On Dr. Ewing's Neglect of Bradley's Theory of Internal Relations. Journal of Philosophy 32 (10):264-273.
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  15. R. G. Collingwood (1924/1982). Speculum Mentis, or, the Map of Knowledge. Greenwood Press.
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  16. Maeve Cooke (2012). Realism and Idealism: Was Habermas's Communicative Turn a Move in the Wrong Direction? Political Theory 40 (6):811 - 821.
  17. Jason Costanzo (2009). Idea and Intuition: On the Perceptibility of the Platonic Ideas in Arthur Schopenhauer. Dissertation, KU Leuven
    In this thesis, I examine the perceptibility of the Platonic Ideas in the thought of Arthur Schopenhauer. The work is divided into four chapters, each focusing and building upon a specific aspect related to this question. The first chapter (“"Plato and the Primacy of Intellect"”) deals with Schopenhauer’s interpretation specific to Platonic thought. I there address the question of why it is that Schopenhauer should consider Plato to have interpreted the Ideas as 'perceptible', particularly in view of evidence which seems (...)
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  18. Daniel A. Cowan (2002). Mind Underlies Spacetime: The Axioms Describing Directly Interconnected Substance and the Model That Explains Away Finiteness. Joseph Pub..
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  19. Gustavus Watts Cunningham (1933/1969). The Idealistic Argument in Recent British and American Philosophy. Westport, Conn.,Greenwood Press.
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  20. Benjamin L. Curtis (2009). A New Look at Berkeley's Idealism. Heythrop Journal 50 (2):189-194.
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  21. Giuseppina D'Oro (2005). Idealism and the Philosophy of Mind. Inquiry 48 (5):395-412.
    This paper defends an idealist form of non-reductivism in the philosophy of mind. I refer to it as a kind of conceptual dualism without substance dualism. I contrast this idealist alternative with the two most widespread forms of non-reductivism: multiple realisability functionalism and anomalous monism. I argue first, that functionalism fails to challenge seriously the claim for methodological unity since it is quite comfortable with the idea that it is possible to articulate a descriptive theory of the mind. Second, that (...)
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  22. D. M. Datta (1933). The Objective Idealism of Berkeley. The Monist 43 (2):220-235.
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  23. Cornelis de Waal (2006). Having an Idea of Matter: A Peircean Refutation of Berkeleyan Immaterialism. Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (2):291-313.
  24. Willem A. deVries (2009). Getting Beyond Idealisms. In Willem A. DeVries (ed.), Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars. Oxford University Press.
    This paper investigates Sellars's complex attitude towards idealism. It distinguishes between the epistemologically-based arguments that led many empiricists to idealism and a different set of more purely metaphysical arguments that came to dominate in German Idealism. Sellars resolutely rejects all of the epistemological arguments for idealism, but shows much greater sympathy with the metaphysical arguments. It is then argued that Sellars introduced his notion of picturing to avoid falling into such an idealism.
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  25. Georges Dicker (2011). Berkeley's Idealism: A Critical Examination. Oxford University Press.
    Berkeley's Idealism both advances Berkeley scholarship and serves as a useful guide for teachers and students.
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  26. George Dykhuizen (1934). The Conception of God in the Philosophy of Josiah Royce: A Critical Exposition of its Epistemological and Metaphysical Development. Chicago.
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  27. Terence Rajivan Edward, Has Nagel Uncovered a Form of Idealism?
    In the sixth chapter of The View from Nowhere, Thomas Nagel attempts to identify a form of idealism. The position that he deems idealist is that what there is must be possibly conceivable by us. Nagel claims that this position is held by a number of contemporary philosophers. Even if this is so, I justify the view that it is not a form of idealism.
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  28. Terence Rajivan Edward (2009). Nagel on Concievability. Abstracta 5 (1):16-29.
    In the sixth chapter of The View from Nowhere, Thomas Nagel aims to identify a form of idealism, to isolate the argument for it and to counter this argument. The position that Nagel takes to be idealist is that what there is must be possibly conceivable by us. In this paper, I show that Nagel has not made a convincing case against this position. I then present an alternative case. In light of this alternative case, we have reason to reject (...)
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  29. Nicholas Everitt (1997). Quasi-Berkeleyan Idealism as Perspicuous Theism. Faith and Philosophy 14 (3):353-377.
    In this paper, I argue that the kind of idealism defended by Berkeley is a natural and almost unavoidable expression of his theism. Two main arguments are deployed, both starting from a theistic premise and having an idealist conclusion. The first likens the dependence of the physical world on the will of God to the dependence of mental states on a mind. The second likens divine omniscience to the kind of knowledge which it has often been supposed we have of (...)
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  30. A. C. Ewing (1935). On Dr. Ewing's Neglect of Bradley's Theory of Internal Relations: Reply. Journal of Philosophy 32 (10):273.
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  31. Phillip Ferreira (2011). On the Imperviousness of Persons: A Reply to Jan Olof Bengtsson. The Pluralist 6 (1):125-134.
    As regular readers of The Pluralist are aware, there appeared in 2008 an issue devoted to Jan Olof Bengtsson's The Worldview of Personalism.1 The issue included five articles, each concerned with a different aspect of the book; and after each article, there was a "Reply" by Bengtsson. In what follows, I shall say something about Bengtsson's reply to my own contribution, "Absolute and Personal Idealism." However, first let me briefly describe that article's argument.In "Absolute and Personal Idealism," I examined the (...)
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