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  1. Adesoji O. Adelaja & Robin G. Brumfield (1991). Research Note on Equity and Ethics in State-Promotion of Agricultural Products. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (1):82-88.
    Many state governments in the United States promote locally-produced farm products. This paper discusses issues related to the ethics and equity of such promotional programs. The paper argues that generic promotion is generally easier to justify in terms of ethics and equity than brand promotion. It also argues that informative and factual brand promotions are easier to justify than deceptive and persuasive brand promotions. Additional equity issues arising when taxpayers finance state-promotional programs are also discussed.
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  2. Anita L. Allen (2011). Commercial Speech Bruises Health Privacy in the Supreme Court. Hastings Center Report 41 (6):8-9.
    Heath services come with the promise of confidentiality.1 The ethical mandate to safeguard the confidentiality of personal health information aligns with legal mandates to do the same. Numerous state and federal laws demand one form of health data confidentiality or another, best illustrated by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.2 In early 2011, the Department of Health and Human Services decided to take a tougher stand against HIPAA violators, utilizing powers created by the Health Information Technology for Economic and (...)
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  3. Rae André (2010). Assessing the Accountability of Government-Sponsored Enterprises and Quangos. Journal of Business Ethics 97 (2):271 - 289.
    Government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) and quasi-autonomous non-governmental organizations (quangos) comprise a powerful organizational sector that has been criticized for its lack of accountability to governments and their citizens. These organizations are established to serve the public as a whole by targeting the needs of particular groups or fulfilling specific functions. Often they use practices adopted from the business sector, and sometimes they enter the marketplace as profitmaking enterprises. In light of the contribution of GSE Fannie Mae to the 2008 world economic (...)
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  4. Arthur Isak Applbaum (1992). Democratic Legitimacy and Official Discretion. Philosophy and Public Affairs 21 (3):240-274.
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  5. Sevgi Aral, Scott Burns & Clifford Shearing (2002). Health and the Governance of Security: A Tale of Two Systems. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 30 (4):632-643.
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  6. Denis G. Arnold (2005). Review of Dennis F. Thompson, Restoring Responsibility: Ethics in Government, Business, and Healthcare. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (7).
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  7. Robert Audi (2014). Church-State Separation, Healthcare Policy, and Religious Liberty. Journal of Practical Ethics 2 (1).
    This paper sketches a framework for the separation of church and state and, with the framework in view, indicates why a government’s maintaining such separation poses challenges for balancing two major democratic ideals: preserving equality before the law and protecting liberty, including religious liberty. The challenge is particularly complex where healthcare is either provided or regulated by government. The contemporary problem in question here is the contraception coverage requirement in the Obama Administration’s healthcare mandate. Many institutions have mounted legal challenges (...)
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  8. Donato Bergandi (2014). Environnement, éthique et politique : les limites d’une démocratie inaboutie et leurs conséquences néfastes sur la protection de la nature. Éthique Publique 16 (1):63-81.
    Environmental public policies are suffering the harmful effects of a tacit agreement between political and economical elites. Heedless of philosophical-political references, an international politico-economical oligarchic caste is largely united around dealing with environmental issues based on the sustainable development model, which is an expression of a utilitarian, anthropocentric perspective. Moreover, for this model biodiversity is in the main merely a reservoir of natural resources for human use. A dual transition – both ethical and political – is thus urgently needed to (...)
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  9. Gerard V. Bradley (1998). Review Essay / Criminal Procedure as Constitutional Law. Criminal Justice Ethics 17 (1):58-66.
    Akhil Reed Amar, The Constitution and Criminal Procedure: First Principles New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997, xi + 272 pp.
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  10. M. Jane Brady, Keith Kutler & James G. Hodge (2004). How States Are Using the Turning Point Model State Public Health Act. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (s4):97-99.
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  11. Bruce Bragg, Thomas Galloway, Doug B. Spohn & Donne E. Trotter (2003). Land Use and Zoning for the Public's Health. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 31 (s4):78-80.
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  12. Glynis M. Breakwell (1985). Abusing the Unemployed: An Invisible Injustice. Journal of Moral Education 14 (1):56-62.
    Abstract The study reported examined how young people respond to abuse directed at them purely because they are unemployed. Since young unemployed are known to blame themselves for their failure to gain a job, it was predicted they would not regard the abuse as unjust and would be unable to defend themselves adequately. This was found to be the case: young people sought to justify themselves by pleas of helplessness or totally failed to evolve any argument in self?defence. Alternatively, the (...)
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  13. Jason Brennan (forthcoming). Why Liberal States Must Accommodate Tax Resistors. Public Affairs Quarterly.
    Liberal states ought to accommodate conscientious tax resistance for the same reasons they should accommodate conscientious objection to fighting in war. Conscientious objection to fighting is nothing special.
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  14. Jason Brennan (2011). The Ethics of Voting. Princeton Univ Pr.
    In this provocative book, Jason Brennan challenges our fundamental assumptions about voting, revealing why it is not a duty for most citizens--in fact, he ...
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  15. B. A. Brody & R. K. Lie (1993). Methodological and Conceptual Issues in Health Care System Comparisons: Canada, Norway, and the United States. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (5):437-463.
    There is a growing interest in comparison of international health care data with the hope that such studies will enable individual systems to learn from other systems. Such comparisons, however, presuppose that there exist common criteria for evaluating health care systems. The main thesis of this paper is that these comparative studies are misleading because they employ inappropriate operationalizations of these criteria because the operarionalizations are based upon mistaken global conceptualizations of the criteria in question. The essay provides a methodological (...)
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  16. David A. Buchanan (2013). The Austerity Bargain and the Social Self: Conceptual Clarity Surrounding Health Cutbacks. Nursing Philosophy 14 (1):38-44.
    As necessary austerity measures make major inroads into western health services, this paper investigates the philology of austerity and finds that there are two subtly similar yet importantly different derivations from the Latin and the Greek. The Latin austerus is an abstract term meaning dry, harsh, sour; whereas the Greek austeros has a more embodied and literal meaning of making the tongue dry. What seems an initially subtle difference between the metaphorical and the metonymic plays out as involving seriously different (...)
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  17. Leslie Burkholder (1982). Nuclear Power and Public Policy. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 1 (2):90-95.
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  18. Francesco Ciusa & Iván Vargas-Chaves (2013). Consideraciones críticas en la doctrina legal italiana sobre los Digital Rights Management. Principia Iuris 19:325-340.
    El uso de los DRM plantea una serie de problemas debido a posibles conflictos con otras áreas de la gestión de los bienes inmateriales, tales como el derecho de autor en primer lugar, así como el derecho de competencia, los datos personales y el régimen del consumo. El derecho comunitario europeo por su parte no ha sido ajeno a toda esta problemática, y según se analiza, con el paso de los años ha adoptado una postura que denota cada vez una (...)
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  19. Kathleen Clark, Confidentiality Norms and Government Lawyers.
    This article addresses the confidentiality obligations of government lawyers. It examines the rather complex question of the identity of a government lawyer's client. On the specific issue of confidentiality, the article discusses how several legal doctrines impact the confidentiality duty: open government laws, statutes encouraging whistleblowing by government employees, and common law doctrines regarding the disclosure of government wrongdoing. These doctrines suggest that, as a substantive matter, government lawyers may disclose information that is subject to mandatory disclosure under freedom of (...)
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  20. Cary Coglianese, The Transparency President? The Obama Administration and Open Government.
    President Obama has trumpeted transparency as a major part of his reform agenda, promising an "unprecedented" degree of governmental openness and overseeing a variety of open government reforms, from changes in Freedom of Information Act policies to the creation of new websites like Recovery.Gov. Although transparency is politically popular, and the Obama Administration benefits in the short run by contrasting itself with the Bush Administration's reputation for secrecy, in the long run President Obama's rhetoric on openness in government may backfire (...)
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  21. Nicolas Cornell (2015). A Third Theory of Paternalism. Michigan Law Review 113:1295-1336.
  22. Amy C. Crumpton (1999). Secrecy in Science: Exploring University, Industry, and Government Relationships. Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (3):417-426.
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  23. John Danaher (forthcoming). The Threat of Algocracy: Reality, Resistance and Accommodation. Philosophy and Technology:1-24.
    One of the most noticeable trends in recent years has been the increasing reliance of public decision-making processes (bureaucratic, legislative and legal) on algorithms, i.e. computer programmed step-by-step instructions for taking a given set of inputs and producing an output. The question raised by this article is whether the rise of such algorithmic governance creates problems for the moral or political legitimacy of our public decision-making processes. Ignoring common concerns with data protection and privacy, it is argued that algorithm-driven decision-making (...)
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  24. John Danaher (2013). On the Need for Epistemic Enhancement. Law, Innovation and Technology 5 (1):85-112.
    Klaming and Vedder (2010) have argued that enhancement technologies that improve the epistemic efficiency of the legal system (“epistemic enhancements”) would benefit the common good. But there are two flaws to Klaming and Vedder’s argument. First, they rely on an under-theorised and under-specified conception of the common good. When theory and specification are supplied, their CGJ for enhancing eyewitness memory and recall becomes significantly less persuasive. And second, although aware of such problems, they fail to give due weight and consideration (...)
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  25. Michael Davis (2003). Government Ethics in Ukraine. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 22 (1):3-18.
  26. John William Devine (2011). Privacy and Hypocrisy. Journal of Media Law 3 (2):169-177.
    What, if anything, justifies incursions into the private lives of public figures? In Campbell v MGN Ltd, the House of Lords established that a public figure could have no reasonable expectation of privacy if they made false statements to the public about their private life. In such circumstances, in order to ‘put the record straight’, the press may legitimately intrude without the public figure’s consent into that area of their private life about which they misled the public. What would otherwise (...)
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  27. Paul A. Diller & Samantha Graff (2011). Regulating Food Retail for Obesity Prevention: How Far Can Cities Go? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (supp 1):89-93.
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  28. Nicholas Dixon (2009). Why Mainstream Conservatives Should Support Government-Mandated Universal Health Care. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (1):1-15.
    Menzel and Light have argued that the conservative principle of self-sufficiency gives good reasons to strive for universal health coverage. This paper gives further reasons for connecting universal health care with self-sufficiency and continues Menzel’s and Light’s project in four more ways. First, a more extended analysis of a conservative conception of government shows how a general opposition to welfare programs is consistent with guaranteeing universal basic health care. Second, common fears about the abuse of health care when universal access (...)
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  29. Charles Dyke (1982). Ethical Issues in Government. Environmental Ethics 4 (4):373-375.
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  30. Kyla Ebels-Duggan (2013). Moral Education in the Liberal State. Journal of Practical Ethics 1 (2):24-63.
    I argue that political liberals should not support the monopoly of a single educational approach in state sponsored schools. Instead, they should allow reasonable citizens latitude to choose the worldview in which their own children are educated. I begin by defending a particular conception of political liberalism, and its associated requirement of public reason, against the received interpretation. I argue that the values of respect and civic friendship that motivate the public reason requirement do not support the common demand that (...)
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  31. Wolfgang Uwe Eckart (ed.) (2006). Man, Medicine, and the State: The Human Body as an Object of Government Sponsored Medical Research in the 20th Century. Steiner.
    Mit Beitragen von: Wolfgang U. Eckart, Christian Bonah, Wolfgang U. Eckart / Andreas Reuland, Alexander Neumann, Peter Steinkamp, Volker Roelcke, Anne ...
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  32. Robert M. Ellis (2011). A New Buddhist Ethics. Lulu.Com.
    This book is a survey of practical moral issues applying the Middle Way (as developed in 'A Theory of Moral Objectivity') as the basis of 'Buddhist' Ethics. No appeal is made to Buddhist traditions or scriptures, but instead the Middle Way is applied consistently as a universal philosophical and practical principle to suggest the direction of resolutions to moral debates. Practical ethics topics covered include sexual ethics, medical ethics, environmental ethics, animals, violence, the arts, scientific issues and political ethics.
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  33. Jean E. Engelmayer (1989). Foreign Policy by Indictment: Using Legal Tools Against Foreign Officials Involved in Drug Trafficking. Criminal Justice Ethics 8 (2):3-31.
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  34. Eva Erman (2005). Human Rights and Democracy: Discourse Theory and Human Rights Institutions. Ashgate.
    This volume explores the relationship between human rights and democracy within both the theoretical and empirical field.
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  35. Laura B. Forker (1990). Purchasing Professionals in State Government: How Ethical Are They? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 9 (11):903 - 911.
    A survey of purchasing professionals in the Arizona state government was conducted to determine how familiar the buyers were with the Arizona laws regarding ethical conduct, what ethical standards they followed in purchasing, and what types of ethical dilemmas they faced in their work. The findings indicate that no serious ethical problems exist among the respondents. Employees in the centralized purchasing office seemed to act somewhat more ethically than buyers in peripheral offices, however.
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  36. Birgitta Forsman (1995). The Treatment of Ethics in a Swedish Government Commission on Gene Technology. The Royal Society of Arts and Sciences in Gothenburg, Centre for Research Ethics.
  37. Anechiarico Frank (1997). [Book Review] the Pursuit of Absolute Integrity, How Corruption Control Makes Government Ineffective. [REVIEW] Criminal Justice Ethics 16 (2).
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  38. Joseph S. Fulda (2013). The Illiberal Fruits of Corruption. The St. Croix Review 46 (4):58-63.
    Article interrelating /de facto/ bribery, public corruption, the disconnect between private life and public life, the disconnect between logic, on the one hand, and politics and ethics, on the other, and the four rationales for the exclusionary rules (in law), using New York City as a case study.
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  39. Vasil Gluchman (2011). Professional Ethics of Politicians in Slovakia. Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 1 (1-2):39-50.
    Author applies four models of professional ethics of politicians (Aristotle’s virtuous citizen, Machiavelli’s prince, Erasmus’ man of values and Weber’s responsible politician) to politics and politicians in Slovakia since the first half of the 20th century to the present. According to author, there is possible to identify Milan Hodža with Weber’s model, Alexander Dubek with Aristotle’s one, Vladimír Meiar and Robert Fico are identified with Machiavelli’s model and Iveta Radiová with Erasmus’ model of professional ethics of politician in Slovakia.
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  40. Azam Golam (2010). Distribution of Health Care Resources in LIC: A Utilitarian Approach. VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.
    Distribution of sufficient health care resources to the maximum number of people in LIC is the central theme of the book. Bangladesh is taken as a representative of low income countries (LIe. In LIC, there is scarcity of health care resources like other resources but the deserving persons are numerous. Therefore, it requires an efficient distribution of resources. Considering 'Inequality to get access to health care' as the basic problem in LIC, John Rawls' principle of fair equality of opportunity is (...)
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  41. Colin Grant (1991). Friedman Fallacies. Journal of Business Ethics 10 (12):907 - 914.
    Milton Friedman's article, The Social Responsibility of Business Is To Increase Its Profits, owes its appeal to the rhetorical devices of simplicity, authority, and finality. More careful consideration reveals oversimplification and ambiguity that conceals empirical errors and logical fallacies. It is false that business does, or would, operate exclusively in economic terms, that managers concentrate obsessively on profitability, and that ethics can be marginalized. These errors reflect basic contradictions: an apolitical political base, altruistic agents of selfishness, and good deriving from (...)
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  42. Alexander A. Guerrero (2010). The Paradox of Voting and the Ethics of Political Representation. Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (3):272-306.
  43. Akhlaque Haque (2003). Information Technology, GIS and Democraticvalues: Ethical Implications for ITprofessionals in Public Service. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 5 (1):39-48.
    Information technologies (IT) play a criticalrole in transforming public administration andredefining the role of bureaucracy in ademocratic society. New applications of ITbring great promises for government, but at thesame time raise concerns about administrativepower and its abuse. Using GeographicInformation Systems (GIS) as the centralexample, this paper provides the philosophicalunderpinnings of the role of technology anddiscusses the importance of an ethicaldiscourse in IT for public serviceprofessionals. Such ethical discourse must bebased on upholding the democratic values andpreserving the institutional integrity of ITprofessionals (...)
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  44. Mark O. Hatfield (1989). The Affirmative Side of Government Ethics. In John J. Stuhr & Robin M. Cochran (eds.), Public Morals and Private Interest: Ethics in Government and Public Service. University of Oregon Books
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  45. Shriniwas Hemade (2015). परिघ : लेखकाचा आणि समकालीनतेचा. Pratishthan, Publication of Marathawada Sahitya Prishad, Maharashtra, India 64 (01):23-30.
    What is exactly is the meaning of Being Contemporaryness ? is analysed in philosophical perspective with reference Indian Social Structure. Emhasis is given on one being democratic and secular for the purpose of secure humanity. The Paper is Marathi.
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  46. Robert Kowalenko (2015). Nkandla and Affirmative Action. Business Day:13.
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  47. Hugh LaFollette (1994). Mandatory Drug Testing. In S. Luper & C. Brown (eds.), Drugs, Morality, and the Law. Garland
    By some estimates one-third of American corporations now require their employees to be tested for drug use. These requirements are compatible with general employment law while promoting the public's interest in fighting drug use. Moreover, the United States Supreme Court has ruled that drug testing programs are constitutionally permissible within both the public and the private sectors. It appears mandatory drug testing is a permanent fixture of American corporate life. (Bakaly, C. G., Grossman, J. M. 1989).
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  48. Patti Lenard & Crispino Akakpo (2015). Detaining Asylum Seekers and Immigrants. Routledge.
    Normative political theory over recent decades has focused mainly on what ought to be done as far as migration policies are concerned. It faces a basic challenge, which stems from two competing, yet equally fundamental, ideals underpinning liberal democratic societies: a commitment to moral universalism and the exclusionary requirement of democracy. The objective of this special issue, ‘New Challenges in Immigration Theory’, is to provide a conceptual overview of (some) immigration theories and to highlight the challenges new streams of immigration (...)
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  49. Annabelle Lever (2013). 'Taxation, Conscientious Objection and Religious Freedom'. Ethical Perspectives 20 (1):144-153.
    This is part of a symposium on conscientious objection and religious freedom inspired by the US Catholic Church's claim that being forced to pay for health insurance that covers abortions (the effect of 'Obamacare')is the equivalent of forcing pacifists to fight. This article takes issue with this claim, and shows that while it would be unjust on democratic principles to force pacifists to fight, given their willingness to serve their country in other ways, there is no democratic objection to forcing (...)
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  50. Tomer Lotan (2010). Equality Once Again: Social Polic and the Idea of Levelling Down. Dissertation, London School of Economics
    The striving for a more equal society has been an inspiring ideal for social policy and a powerful engine for the foundations of the welfare state. However, equality as a political concept has been subject to ongoing criticism and has been gradually denounced. In an attempt to reclaim the appeal of economic equality, this paper endeavors to cross the common boundaries of redistribution and to offer a different equalizing strategy titled "Levelling Down". This strategy has been extensively debated in political (...)
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