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  1. Edward Abraham (1990). Roots: Selective Reminiscences of Β‐Lactam Antibiotics: Early Research on Penicillin and Cephalosporins. Bioessays 12 (12):601-606.
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  2. Daniel Ackerman & David Gems (2012). The Mystery of C. Elegans Aging: An Emerging Role for Fat. Bioessays 34 (6):466-471.
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  3. Jerry M. Adams (1986). What the Papers Say: The Influence of Immunoglobulin Genes in Lymphoid Oncogenesis. Bioessays 4 (6):267-269.
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  4. George J. Agich (1983). Disease and Value: A Rejection of the Value-Neutrality Thesis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (1).
    Recent philosophical attention to the language of disease has focused primarily on the question of its value-neutrality or non-neutrality. Proponents of the value-neutrality thesis symbolically combine political and other criticisms of medicine in an attack on what they see as value-infected uses of disease language. The present essay argues against two theses associated with this view: a methodological thesis which tends to divorce the analysis of disease language from the context of the practice of medicine and a substantive thesis which (...)
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  5. Nick Alderman (2004). Disorders of Behavior. In Jennie Ponsford (ed.), Cognitive and Behavioral Rehabilitation: From Neurobiology to Clinical Practice. Guilford Press. 269--298.
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  6. Ali A. Alemi & Manouchehr Mohseni (1978). A Causal Concept Of Disease in an Iranian Community. Journal of Biosocial Science 10 (4):347.
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  7. Shabbir M. H. Alibhai (2008). The Duty to Feed in Cases of Advanced Dementia. Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (1):37-52.
    Cases of dementia present us with difficult ethical dilemmas as we strive to care for those unable to care for themselves. In this article, I review the relevant Islamic texts on caring for the ill, alleviating suffering, and feeding the hungry-all in light of the modern clinical environment. I find that the ethical appropriateness of tube feeding at the end of life is not as clear-cut as it may seem. My analysis, however, suggests that Muslim scholars ought to favor insertion (...)
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  8. Ammar Al‐Chalabi & Christopher C. J. Miller (2003). Neurofilaments and Neurological Disease. Bioessays 25 (4):346-355.
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  9. Julie K. Andersen (2001). Does Neuronal Loss in Parkinson's Disease Involve Programmed Cell Death? Bioessays 23 (7):640-646.
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  10. Garth R. Anderson (2008). Halfway There to a Dynamics of Cancer. Dynamics of Cancer. (2007). By Steven A. Frank. Princeton University Press, 392 Pp. ISBN 978‐0‐691‐13365‐2. [REVIEW] Bioessays 30 (4):403-403.
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  11. Garth R. Anderson, Daniel L. Stoler & Bruce M. Brenner (2001). Cancer: The Evolved Consequence of a Destabilized Genome. Bioessays 23 (11):1037-1046.
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  12. Christophe Antczak, Ingrid De Meester & Brigitte Bauvois (2001). Ectopeptidases in pathophysiology. Bioessays 23 (3):251-260.
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  13. David J. Asai (1994). Loading the Dice. Designing Antibodies (1993). By RUTH D. MAYFORTH. Academic Press, San Diego. Viii+207pp. $49.95, $42.50.ISBN 0‐12‐48 1025‐X. [REVIEW] Bioessays 16 (6):447-448.
  14. Richard Aspinall (1999). Does the Immune System of a Mouse Age Faster Than the Immune System of a Human? Bioessays 21 (6):519-524.
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  15. Mohd Azhar Aziz, Shuchi Midha, Syed Mohsin Waheed & Rakesh Bhatnagar (2007). Oral Vaccines: New Needs, New Possibilities. Bioessays 29 (6):591-604.
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  16. M. B. B. (1977). The Dignity of Life. Review of Metaphysics 31 (1):122-123.
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  17. R. J. B. (1961). Life. Review of Metaphysics 14 (3):570-570.
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  18. R. J. B. (1961). Life. Review of Metaphysics 14 (3):570-570.
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  19. Matthew J. Bair, Rebecca L. Robinson, Wayne Katon & Kurt Kroenke (1999). Context, a Surprising Number of Them Seem to Under-Stand and Accept Their Depression-Pain Syndrome. Thomas J. Beckman, MD Rochester, Minn. Critical Review 48:980-993.
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  20. Curt Balch, Kenneth P. Nephew, Tim H.‐M. Huang & Sharmila A. Bapat (2007). Epigenetic “Bivalently Marked” Process of Cancer Stem Cell‐Driven Tumorigenesis. Bioessays 29 (9):842-845.
  21. Diana M. Barnes (1999). Mammary Development and Cancer (1997). Rudland PS, Fernig DG, Leinster S (Eds). Portland Press Ltd. 334 Pp. £65/$110.50 Hardback; ISBN 1–85578–087–9. [REVIEW] Bioessays 21 (1):91-92.
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  22. Mark V. Barrow (2004). Book Review: William Sargent,Crab Wars: A Tale of Horseshoe Crabs, Bioterrorism, and Human Health. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):608-609.
  23. C. A. L. Bassett (1987). Low Energy Pulsing Electromagnetic Fields Modify Biomedical Processes. Bioessays 6 (1):36-42.
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  24. Andrew Bateman & Hugh P. J. Bennett (2009). The Granulin Gene Family: From Cancer to Dementia. Bioessays 31 (11):1245-1254.
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  25. Gillian Bates & Hans Lehrach (1994). Trinucleotide Repeat Expansions and Human Genetic Disease. Bioessays 16 (4):277-284.
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  26. Christian A. Baumann & Alan R. Saltiel (2001). Spatial Compartmentalization of Signal Transduction in Insulin Action. Bioessays 23 (3):215-222.
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  27. Lea M. Beaulieu, Brandi R. Whitley, Theodore F. Wiesner, Sophie M. Rehault, Diane Palmieri, Abdel G. Elkahloun & Frank C. Church (2007). Breast Cancer and Metabolic Syndrome Linked Through the Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor‐1 Cycle. Bioessays 29 (10):1029-1038.
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  28. Dr med D. Beck (2004). Ist terminale Sedierung medizinisch sinnvoll oder ersetzbar? Ethik in der Medizin 16 (4):334-341.
    Die von einem multiprofessionellen Behandlungsteam durchgeführte Symptombehandlung bei inkurablen Patienten am Lebensende erweist sich als hoch effektiv und verschafft den meisten Patienten eine ausreichende Linderung. Dennoch verbleibt ein Patientenanteil, bei dem auch unter Berücksichtigung physischer, psychischer, sozialer und spiritueller Bedürfnisse kein erträglicher Zustand erreicht werden kann. In diesen Extremfällen können Sedierungsmaßnahmen zur Linderung eingesetzt werden. Der Begriff und das Angebot der terminalen Sedierung sind in vielerlei Hinsicht umstritten. Eine Kasuistik soll die Problemstellung veranschaulichen und zeigen, wie die terminale Sedierung von (...)
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  29. Alexey Belogurov, Arina Kozyr, Natalia Ponomarenko & Alexander Gabibov (2009). Catalytic Antibodies: Balancing Between Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Bioessays 31 (11):1161-1171.
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  30. Katherine Belov (2012). Contagious Cancer: Lessons From the Devil and the Dog. Bioessays 34 (4):285-292.
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  31. Robert J. Belton & Kathleen R. Foltz (1995). Gamete and Immune Cell Recognition Revisited. Bioessays 17 (12):1075-1080.
  32. Jules R. Bemporad (1991). Dementia Praecox as a Failure of Neoteny. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (1).
    The theory of neoteny assumes that adult animals that are higher on the phylogenetic scale retain juvenile characteristics for greater periods of their lifetime. This hypothesis would account for the continuation of curiosity, learning and playfulness in humans and other higher primates in contrast to less evolved mammals. The failure of the neoteny process could result in humans that have lost these juvenile characteristics and lack motivation, curiosity and the capacity to learn freely. These features are indicative of the negative (...)
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  33. Bernard Benjamin (1971). Bereavement and Heart Disease. Journal of Biosocial Science 3 (1):61.
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  34. John Berkman (2004). Medically Assisted Nutrition and Hydration in Medicine and Moral Theology: A Contextualization of its Past and a Direction for its Future. The Thomist 68 (1):69-104.
    Despite the expansive literature detailing various arguments for or against the use of MANH in caring for the dying and debilitated, the thesis of this paper is that a large part, if not the main thrust, of the debates over MANH have been inadequate and misguided on a number of different levels. The paper hopes to reorient and redirect the debate by attending to the medical history of MANH (part one) and recent medical developments with regard to MANH (part five), (...)
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  35. Jeffrey E. Berman, Barbara A. Malynn, T. Keith Blackwell & Frederick W. Alt (1986). Regulation of Immunoglobulin Variable Region Gene Assembly: Development of the Primary Antibody Repertoire. Bioessays 5 (5):197-203.
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  36. R. J. A. Berry (1934). Some Modern Views of the Human Mind and its Disorders. The Eugenics Review 26 (2):127.
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  37. Norma Fredenburg Besch & William F. Reynolds (1958). Alley Length and Time of Food Deprivation in Instrumental Reward Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (5):448.
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  38. Ranjita Betarbet, Todd B. Sherer & J. Timothy Greenamyre (2002). Animal Models of Parkinson's Disease. Bioessays 24 (4):308-318.
  39. Charles Bieberich & George Scangos (1986). Transgenic Mice in the Study of Immunology. Bioessays 4 (6):245-248.
  40. President'S. Council on Bioethics (2009). Selection From Controversies in the Determination of Death : A White Paper. In John P. Lizza (ed.), Defining the Beginning and End of Life: Readings on Personal Identity and Bioethics. Johns Hopkins University Press.
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  41. Saskia Biskup & Darren J. Moore (2006). Detrimental Deletions: Mitochondria, Aging and Parkinson's Disease. Bioessays 28 (10):963-967.
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  42. M. Bizzarri, A. Cucina, F. Conti & F. D’Anselmi (2008). Beyond the Oncogene Paradigm: Understanding Complexity in Cancerogenesis. Acta Biotheoretica 56 (3):173-196.
    In the past decades, an enormous amount of precious information has been collected about molecular and genetic characteristics of cancer. This knowledge is mainly based on a reductionistic approach, meanwhile cancer is widely recognized to be a ‘system biology disease’. The behavior of complex physiological processes cannot be understood simply by knowing how the parts work in isolation. There is not solely a matter how to integrate all available knowledge in such a (...)
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  43. Sandra E. Black, Metacognitive Judgment and Denial of Deficit: Evidence From Frontotemporal Dementia.
    Patients suffering from the behavioral variant of Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD-b) often exaggerate their abilities. Are those errors in judgment limited to domains in which patients under-perform, or do FTD-b patients overestimate their abilities in other domains? Is overconfidence in FTD-b patients domain-specific or domain-general? To address this question, we asked patients at early stages of FTD-b to judge their performance in two domains (attention, perception) in which they exhibit relatively spared abilities. In both domains, FTD-b patients overestimated their performance relative (...)
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  44. David C. Blakey & Philip E. Thorpe (1986). What's New: Immunotoxins. Bioessays 4 (6):292-297.
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  45. Walter Block (2011). Terri Schiavo. Journal of Libertarian Studies 22 (1):527-536.
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  46. Jane N. Bolin (2006). Pernicious Encroachment Into End-of-Life Decision Making: Federal Intervention in Palliative Pain Treatment. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):34 – 36.
  47. Michel Brahic & Jean‐François Bureau (1998). Genetics of Susceptibility to Theiler's Virus Infection. Bioessays 20 (8):627-633.
  48. Robyn Braun (2011). Accessory Food Factors: Understanding the Catalytic Function. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 44 (3):483 - 504.
    Despite the practical knowledge throughout the nineteenth century that citrus fruit cured scurvy, and that rickets and beriberi were diseases caused by poor diet, it was not until 1901 that animal feeding experiments led one investigator to propose the existence of 'accessory food factors,' a lack of which was determined to be the cause of some illnesses (Hopkins, 1949. In Joseph Needham and E. Baldwin (eds.), Hopkins and Biochemistry, 1861-1947: Papers Concerning Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins, O.M., P.R.S., with a Selection (...)
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  49. Michael T. Bretscher, Christian L. Althaus, Viktor Müller & Sebastian Bonhoeffer (2004). Recombination in HIV and the Evolution of Drug Resistance: For Better or for Worse? Bioessays 26 (2):180-188.
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  50. Michael Briese, Behrooz Esmaeili & David B. Sattelle (2005). Is Spinal Muscular Atrophy the Result of Defects in Motor Neuron Processes? Bioessays 27 (9):946-957.
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