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Subcategories:History/traditions: Health Care Ethics
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  1. S. Faust Halley, M. Bensimon Cécile & E. G. Upshur Ross (2009). The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in the Ethical Aspects of Pandemic Flu Planning—Lessons Learned From the Toronto Sars Experience. Public Health Ethics 2 (1).
    Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto and University of Toronto Ross E. G. Upshur * Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Joint Centre for Bioethics University of Toronto, Toronto * Corresponding author: Ross E. G. Upshur, Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, #E-349, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N 3M5. Tel.: 416-480-4753; Fax: 416-480-4536; Email: ross.upshur{at}sunnybrook.ca ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Are restrictive measures and duties to care ethically reasonably acceptable to faith-based organizations? This (...)
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  2. &Na (2012). Ethical Palliative Family Nursing Care. Jona’s Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 14 (4):122-123.
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  3. Jean Abbott (2012). Difficult Patients, Difficult Doctors: Can Consultants Interrupt the “Blame Game”? American Journal of Bioethics 12 (5):18-20.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 5, Page 18-20, May 2012.
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  4. Julia Abelson (2009). Opportunities and Challenges in the Use of Public Deliberation to Inform Public Health Policies. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):24-25.
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  5. Tineke A. Abma, Vivianne E. Baur, Bert Molewijk & Guy A. M. Widdershoven (2010). Inter-Ethics: Towards an Interactive and Interdependent Bioethics. Bioethics 24 (5):242-255.
    Since its origin bioethics has been a specialized, academic discipline, focussing on moral issues, using a vast set of globalized principles and rational techniques to evaluate and guide healthcare practices. With the emergence of a plural society, the loss of faith in experts and authorities and the decline of overarching grand narratives and shared moralities, a new approach to bioethics is needed. This approach implies a shift from an external critique of practices towards embedded ethics and interactive practice improvement, and (...)
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  6. M. B. Ackerman (2010). Selling Orthodontic Need: Innocent Business Decision or Guilty Pleasure? Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (5):275-278.
    The principal objective for most patients seeking orthodontic services is a detectable improvement in their dentofacial appearance. Orthodontic treatment, in the mind of the patient, is something that makes you look better, feel better about yourself, and perhaps enhances your social possibilities, ie, to find a companion or make a positive impression during a job interview. Orthodontics, as a speciality, has collectively advanced the idea that enhanced occlusion (bite) improves the health and longevity of the dentition, and as a result (...)
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  7. Catherine Adams (2007). Reframing the Obesity Debate: McDonald's Role May Surprise You. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 35 (1):154-157.
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  8. E. Kathleen Adams, Norma I. Gavin, Willard G. Manning & Arden Handler (2005). Welfare Reform, Insurance Coverage Pre-Pregnancy, and Timely Enrollment: An Eight-State Study. Inquiry 42 (2):129-144.
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  9. W. L. Adeyemo, B. O. Mofikoya, O. A. Akadiri, O. James & A. A. Fashina (2013). Acceptance and Perception of Nigerian Patients to Medical Photography. Developing World Bioethics 13 (3):105-110.
    The aim of the study was to determine the acceptance and perception of Nigerian patients to medical photography. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed among Nigerian patients attending oral and maxillofacial surgery and plastic surgery clinics of 3 tertiary health institutions. Information requested included patients' opinion about consent process, capturing equipment, distribution and accessibility of medical photographs. The use of non-identifiable medical photographs was more acceptable than identifiable to respondents for all purposes (P = 0.003). Most respondents were favourably disposed to (...)
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  10. George J. Agich (2011). Defense Mechanisms in Ethics Consultation. HEC Forum 23 (4):269-279.
    While there is no denying the relevance of ethical knowledge and analytical and cognitive skills in ethics consultation, such knowledge and skills can be overemphasized. They can be effectively put into practice only by an ethics consultant, who has a broad range of other skills, including interpretive and communicative capacities as well as the capacity effectively to address the psychosocial needs of patients, family members, and healthcare professionals in the context of an ethics consultation case. In this paper, I discuss (...)
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  11. George J. Agich (1995). Authority in Ethics Consultation. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 23 (3):273-283.
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  12. George J. Agich (1983). Disease and Value: A Rejection of the Value-Neutrality Thesis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 4 (1).
    Recent philosophical attention to the language of disease has focused primarily on the question of its value-neutrality or non-neutrality. Proponents of the value-neutrality thesis symbolically combine political and other criticisms of medicine in an attack on what they see as value-infected uses of disease language. The present essay argues against two theses associated with this view: a methodological thesis which tends to divorce the analysis of disease language from the context of the practice of medicine and a substantive thesis which (...)
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  13. John O. Agwunobi (2007). Pandemic Influenza: The Threat, Health System Implications, and Legal Preparedness. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 35 (s4):23-27.
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  14. John O. Agwunobi, Sara Feigenholtz, Donna E. Levin, Robert E. Ragland, Joseph M. Henderson & Frederic E. Shaw (2004). Are You Ready for the Next Outbreak? An Exercise in Legal Preparedness. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (s4):77-78.
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  15. Judith C. Ahronheim (1997). Pain in the Elderly. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 25 (4):307-309.
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  16. Sandra Albertson (1996). Narratives on Pain and Comfort: Readings Horn Endings and Beginnings. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 24 (4):294-295.
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  17. Nick Alderman (2004). Disorders of Behavior. In Jennie Ponsford (ed.), Cognitive and Behavioral Rehabilitation: From Neurobiology to Clinical Practice. Guilford Press. 269--298.
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  18. Nancy Aldrich & Cheryl Macleod Darling (1995). Hospital Ethics Committees as Community Educators: A Model for Institutions. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 7 (4):252-263.
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  19. Ali A. Alemi & Manouchehr Mohseni (1978). A Causal Concept Of Disease in an Iranian Community. Journal of Biosocial Science 10 (4):347.
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  20. David Alfandre (2012). Reconceiving the Relationship and Supporting Physician Responsibility. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (5):9-11.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 5, Page 9-11, May 2012.
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  21. Shabbir M. H. Alibhai (2008). The Duty to Feed in Cases of Advanced Dementia. Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (1):37-52.
    Cases of dementia present us with difficult ethical dilemmas as we strive to care for those unable to care for themselves. In this article, I review the relevant Islamic texts on caring for the ill, alleviating suffering, and feeding the hungry-all in light of the modern clinical environment. I find that the ethical appropriateness of tube feeding at the end of life is not as clear-cut as it may seem. My analysis, however, suggests that Muslim scholars ought to favor insertion (...)
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  22. Susan Allan, Sana Loue, Howard Markel, Charity Scott & Martin P. Wasserman (2004). Interdisciplinary Contributions to Public Health Law. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (s4):92-96.
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  23. James R. Alleman (2001). Personal, Practical, and Professional Issues in Providing Managed Mental Health Care: A Discussion for New Psychotherapists. Ethics and Behavior 11 (4):413 – 429.
    Written by a former corporate manager pursuing counseling as a 2nd career, this article offers pointed views on managed mental health care. Values of practitioners that are a mismatch for managed care are noted, and more specific disadvantages and advantages are examined. Loss of client confidentiality is addressed and procedures and technologies for its reclamation are noted. Negative effects on therapy are acknowledged and potential for better accountability and research are pointed out. Economic disadvantages of a small provider's practice as (...)
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  24. Anita L. Allen (2011). Commercial Speech Bruises Health Privacy in the Supreme Court. Hastings Center Report 41 (6):8-9.
    Heath services come with the promise of confidentiality.1 The ethical mandate to safeguard the confidentiality of personal health information aligns with legal mandates to do the same. Numerous state and federal laws demand one form of health data confidentiality or another, best illustrated by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.2 In early 2011, the Department of Health and Human Services decided to take a tougher stand against HIPAA violators, utilizing powers created by the Health Information Technology for Economic and (...)
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  25. David F. Allen & Marsha D. Fowler (1982). Cognitive Moral Development Theory And Moral Decisions in Health Care. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 10 (1):19-23.
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  26. William Lawrence Allen & Ray Edward Moseley (2012). Will the Last Health Care Professional to Forgo Patient Advocacy Please Call an Ethics Consult? American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):19 - 20.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 8, Page 19-20, August 2012.
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  27. Peter Allmark (2011). 'I Didn't Ask for This': Justice Versus Illness. Nursing Philosophy 12 (1):1-3.
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  28. Peter Allmark (2005). Health, Happiness and Health Promotion. Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):1–15.
    This article claims that health promotion is best practised in the light of an Aristotelian conception of the good life for humans and of the place of health within it.
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  29. Jason V. Altilio (2009). The Pharmacist's Obligations to Patients: Dependent or Independent of the Physician's Obligations? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 37 (2):358-368.
    It has been 40 years since the seminal papers on pharmacy's status as a profession sparked debate about the pharmacist's role in health care, yet the questions they raised are just as poignant today as they were then. Questions about whether pharmacists are the experts when it comes to drug therapy information can be answered practically by assessing the perception of pharmacists' obligations to patients as being dependent on or independent of physicians' responsibilities. Both options have important implications for pharmacy's (...)
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  30. Donna Myers Ambrogi (1990). Legal Issues in Nursing Home Admissions. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 18 (3):254-262.
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  31. Bhikkhu Analayo (2010). Channa's Suicide in the Saṃyukta-Āgama. Buddhist-Christian Studies 27:125-137.
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  32. Elizabeth Anderson (2004). Welfare, Work Requirements, and Dependant-Care. Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (3):243-256.
    the arguments in their favour are weak. Arguments based on reciprocity fail to explain why only means-tested public benefits should be subject to work requirements, and why unpaid dependant care work should not count as satisfying citizens’ obligations to reciprocate. Argu- ments based on promoting the work ethic misattribute recipients’ nonwork to deviant values, when their core problem is finding steady employment consistent with supporting a family and meeting dependant care responsibilities. Rigid work requirements impose unreasonable costs on some of (...)
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  33. Gary R. Anderson & Valerie A. Glesnes-Anderson (eds.) (1987). Health Care Ethics: A Guide for Decision Makers. Aspen Publishers.
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  34. Lisa Anderson-Shaw (2006). Rural Health Care Ethics: What Assumptions and Attitudes Should Drive the Research? American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):61 – 62.
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  35. Roberto Andorno (2013). The Dual Role of Human Dignity in Bioethics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):967-973.
    This paper argues that some of the misunderstandings surrounding the meaning and function of the concept of human dignity in bioethics arise from a lack of distinction between two different roles that this notion plays: one as an overarching policy principle, and the other as a moral standard of patient care. While the former is a very general concept which fulfils a foundational and a guiding role of the normative framework governing biomedical issues, the latter reflects a much more concrete (...)
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  36. David Andress, Tara Wildes, Dianne Rechtine & Kenneth P. Moritsugu (2004). Jails, Prisons, and Your Community's Health. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 32 (s4):50-51.
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  37. Angélica R. Ángeles-llerenas, Veronika Wirtz & César Francisco Lara-álvarez (2009). The Role and Responsibilities of Witnesses in the Informed Consent Process. Developing World Bioethics 9 (1):18-25.
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  38. M. Angell (2007). The SEARCH Neonatal Sepsis Study: Was It Ethical. In James V. Lavery (ed.), Ethical Issues in International Biomedical Research: A Casebook. Oxford University Press. 114--116.
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  39. J. Lawrence Apple (1973). Tropical American Plant Disease Tropical American Plant Disease (Neotropical Phytopathology Problems) Frederick L. Wellman. BioScience 23 (1):55-55.
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  40. S. Araki & K. Murata (1986). Factors Affecting Suicide in Young, Middle-Aged and Elderly Men. Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (1):103-108.
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  41. Sanchia Aranda & Rosie Brown (2006). Nurses Must Be Clever to Care. In Sioban Nelson & Suzanne Gordon (eds.), The Complexities of Care: Nursing Reconsidered. Cornell University Press.
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  42. John Armitage (1994). Terminal Identity. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 68.
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  43. Kathryn E. Artnak (2011). Review of T. Kushner, Ed., Surviving Health Care: A Manual for Patients and Their Families. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):60 - 61.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 7, Page 60-61, July 2011.
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  44. Benedict M. Ashley (1997). Health Care Ethics: A Theological Analysis. Georgetown University Press.
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  45. Wendy Austin, Vangie Bergum & Lisa Goldberg (2003). Unable to Answer the Call of Our Patients: Mental Health Nurses' Experience of Moral Distress. Nursing Inquiry 10 (3):177-183.
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  46. Padmaja Ayyagari, Martin Salm & Frank A. Sloan (2007). Effects of Diagnosed Dementia on Medicare and Medicaid Program Costs. Inquiry 44 (4):481-494.
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  47. Elvio Baccarini (2011). Utilitarianism, Internal Perspective, and the Question of Suicide. Filozofska Istrazivanja 31 (2):263-275.
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  48. Lynne Rudder Baker (1987). The Threat of Cognitive Suicide. In Saving Belief. Princeton University Press.
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  49. Graciela Balcarce (2006). Aportes a Favor de Una Política Hospitalaria. In Carlos Balzi & César Marchesino (eds.), Hostilidad/Hospitalidad. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Area de Filosofía Del Centro de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades.
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  50. Penny Bamford (1995). Moral Distress: An Inability to Care. Dissertation, Adelphi University, the Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies
    The purpose of this study was to define and explain how women experience moral distress in their practice of critical care nursing. Through use of the "constant comparative method", moral distress was defined as a non-linear, complex problem solving process which occurred in response to the nurse not knowing how to care for the patient when confronted with a moral dilemma. ;"Not knowing how to care" was viewed from three perspectives: a developmental readiness which paralleled Gilligan's findings about the moral (...)
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