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Summary Autonomy has played a role in moral and political thought throughout the modern era.  Immanuel Kant is perhaps only the most important historical thinker to contribute to its prominence.  The history of philosophy--from ancient philosophy forward--is full of discussions relevant to understanding autonomy and its roles.
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  1. Christa Davis Acampora, Daniel Conway, Robert Guay, Lawrence Hatab & Tracy Strong Still (2009). Autonomy, Self-Respect, and Self-Love: Nietzsche on Ethical Agency1. In Ken Gemes & Simon May (eds.), Nietzsche on Freedom and Autonomy. Oxford University Press.
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  2. Barry D. Adam (1994). Cornelius Castoriadis, Philosophy, Politics, Autonomy Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 14 (1):12-13.
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  3. Fred Adams (2001). Keith Lehrer, Self‐Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy:Self‐Trust: A Study of Reason, Knowledge, and Autonomy. Ethics 111 (2):427-429.
  4. Robert Merrihew Adams (2004). Voluntarism and the Shape of a History. Utilitas 16 (2):124-132.
    This article is concerned with the shape of the story of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century moral philosophy as told by J. B. Schneewind in The Invention of Autonomy. After discussion of alternative possible shapes for such a story, the focus falls on the question to what extent, in Schneewind's account, strands of empiricist voluntarism and rationalist intellectualism are interwoven in Kant. This in turn leads to consideration of different types of voluntarism and their roles in early modern ethical theory. Correspondence:c1 robert.adams@mansfield.oxford.ac.uk.
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  5. Suzi Adams (2005). Interpreting Creation: Castoriadis and the Birth of Autonomy. Thesis Eleven 83 (1):25-41.
    This article critically considers Castoriadis’ central concept of creation ex nihilo. It does so in two ways. It first draws on recent research to suggest that the historical inauguration of the project of autonomy in ancient Greece - in both its political and philosophical aspects - was more complex and contextually anchored than Castoriadis acknowledges: it did not surge forth out of nothing. Second, it considers the idea of creation from a theoretical perspective. Here the idea of creation as contextual (...)
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  6. Jeffrey C. Alexander (2013). The Dark Side of Modernity. Polity Press.
    Social theory between progress and apocalypse -- Autonomy and domination: Weber's cage -- Barbarism and modernity: Eisenstadt's regret -- Integration and justice: Parsons' utopia -- Despising others: Simmel's stranger -- Meaning evil -- De-civilizing the civil sphere -- Psychotherapy as central institution -- The frictions of modernity and their possible repair.
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  7. Henry E. Allison (2011). Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary. Oup Oxford.
    Henry E. Allison presents a comprehensive commentary on Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals . Allison pays special attention to the structure of the work and its historical and intellectual context. He argues that, despite its relative brevity, the Groundwork is the single most important work in modern moral philosophy.
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  8. Peter Allmark (2008). An Aristotelian Account of Autonomy. Journal of Value Inquiry 42 (1):41-53.
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  9. Marta García Alonso (2011). Biblical Law as the Source of Morality in Calvin. History of Political Thought 32 (1):1-19.
    this article, I discuss the Protestant contribution to the modern concept of autonomy on the basis of an analysis of John Calvin's moral theology. I show that Calvin affirms our incapacity to know and want what is morally good, as expressed by natural law. Such incapacity is compensated for by the biblical mandates that, according to Calvin, should be incorporated into the positive legislation of Christian republics. In view of all this, I conclude that Calvin is far from the Kantian (...)
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  10. Karl Ameriks (2003). On Being Neither Post- nor Anti-Kantian: A Reply to Breazeale and Larmore Concerning the Fate of Autonomy. Inquiry 46 (2):272 – 292.
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  11. Karl Ameriks (2000). Kant and the Fate of Autonomy: Problems in the Appropriation of the Critical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    It has been argued that Kant's all-consuming efforts to place autonomy at the center of philosophy have had, in the long-run, the unintended effect of leading to the widespread discrediting of philosophy and of undermining the notion of autonomy itself. The result of this 'Copernican revolution' has seemed to many commentators the de-centring, if not the self-destruction, of the autonomous self. In this major reinterpretation of Kant and the post-Kantian response to his critical philosophy, Karl Ameriks argues that such a (...)
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  12. Pamela Sue Anderson (2002). Ricoeur's Reclamation of Autonomy: Unity, Plurality and Totality. In John Wall, William Schweiker & W. David Hall (eds.), Paul Ricoeur and Contemporary Moral Thought. Routledge.
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  13. Robert Arp (2007). Vindicating Kant's Morality. International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):5-22.
    Among others, four significant criticisms have been leveled against Kant’s morality. These criticisms are that Kant’s morality lacks a motivational component, thatit ignores the spiritual dimensions of morality espoused by a virtue-based ethics, that it overemphasizes the principle of autonomy in neglecting the communal context of morality, and that it lacks a theological foundation in being detached from God. In this paper I attempt to show that, when understood in the broader context of his religious doctrines and the overall philosophical (...)
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  14. Héctor Arrese Igor (2010). The idea of moral autonomy in the ethics of Hermann Cohen. [Spanish]. Eidos 12:120-157.
    Normal 0 21 false false false ES-CO X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} In this paper the aim is to reconstruct the rationale of moral autonomy in Hermann Cohen´s ethics. In order to achieve this aim, I consider the complexity of the concept of moral autonomy at its four levels. (...)
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  15. Lorraine Attreed (1989). Marjorie Keniston McIntosh, Autonomy and Community: The Royal Manor of Havering, 1200–1500.(Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, 4th Ser., 5.) Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1986. Pp. Xiv, 319; 6 Figures, 14 Tables. $44.50. [REVIEW] Speculum 64 (1):187-189.
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  16. Dennis Vanden Auweele (2013). Oliver Sensen (Ed.): Kant on Moral Autonomy. Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 66 (3):326-329.
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  17. Blaise Bachofen, Sion Elbaz & Nicolas Poirier (eds.) (2008). Cornelius Castoriadis, Réinventer L'Autonomie. Editions du Sandre.
    Cet ouvrage rassemble les textes des interventions prononcées lors du colloque Cornelius Castoriadis. Réinventer l'autonomie qui s'est déroulé aux universités de Paris-VIII et de Cergy-Pontoise en mars 2007.
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  18. T. Bailey (2002). Kant and Autonomy Conference-University of Warwick, Saturday, 4th May 2002. Kant-Studien 93 (4):488-490.
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  19. Tom Bailey (2002). Kant and Autonomy Conference. Kant-Studien 93 (4):488-490.
  20. Paula Banerjee & Samir Kumar Das (eds.) (2007/2008). Autonomy: Beyond Kant and Hermeneutics. Anthem Press.
    would suspect him of murdering them and would not spare him. So he too killed himself. Gods were very much disturbed by this sad incident and realized the ...
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  21. Bernard H. Baumrin (1977). Autonomy, Interest, and the Kantian Interpretation. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1):280-282.
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  22. Bernard H. Baumrin (1976). Autonomy in Rawls and Kant. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 1 (1):55-57.
  23. Anne Margaret Baxley (2013). Review: Deligiorgi, The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):807-809.
  24. Anne Margaret Baxley (2012). The Problem of Obligation, the Finite Rational Will, and Kantian Value Realism. Inquiry 55 (6):567-583.
    Abstract Robert Stern's Understanding Moral Obligation is a remarkable achievement, representing an original reading of Kant's contribution to modern moral philosophy and the legacy he bequeathed to his later-eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century successors in the German tradition. On Stern's interpretation, it was not the threat to autonomy posed by value realism, but the threat to autonomy posed by the obligatory nature of morality that led Kant to develop his critical moral theory grounded in the concept of the self-legislating moral agent. Accordingly, (...)
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  25. Kenneth Baynes (1995). Modernity as Autonomy. Inquiry 38 (3):289 – 303.
    In Modernism as a Philosophical Problem Robert Pippin offers an interpretation of post-Kantian continental philosophy that locates the project of autonomy or self-determination at the center of the modernity/postmodernity debate and presents Hegel as a kind of radical, post-Kantian modernist, whose philosophical "experiment" is preferable to more recent attempts to overcome or deconstruct metaphysics. I raise some questions about the adequacy of Pippin's interpretation of Hegel's notion of a rational justification, at least as it bears on his argument in the (...)
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  26. Anthony J. Beavers (1990). Freedom and Autonomy. Philosophy and Theology 5 (2):151-168.
    I argue that, despite their extensive disagreements at the level of first-order ethics, there are equally extensive agreements between Sartre and Kant at the metaethical level. Following a brief exposition of the principal metaethical similarities, I offer a defense of Sartre’s general moral theory against the more rigid first-order consequences which Kant claims to be able to assert.
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  27. Gunnar Beck (1999). Autonomy, History and Political Freedom in Kant's Political Philosophy. History of European Ideas 25 (5):217-241.
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  28. James Bell (2007). Absolve You to Yourself: Emerson's Conception of Rational Agency. Inquiry 50 (3):234 – 252.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson famously warned his readers against the dangers of conformity and consistency. In this paper, I argue that this warning informs his engagement with and opposition to a Kantian view of rational agency. The interpretation I provide of some of Emerson's central essays outlines a unique conception of agency, a conception which gives substance to Emerson's exhortations of self-trust. While Kantian in spirit, Emerson's view challenges the requirement that autonomy requires acting from a conception of the law. The (...)
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  29. Matthew Bennett (2014). Infinite Autonomy: The Divided Individual in the Political Thought of G. W. F. Hegel and Friedrich Nietzsche, by Jeffrey Church. [REVIEW] Journal of Nietzsche Studies 45 (1):97-100.
  30. J. M. Bernstein (1991). 8 Autonomy and Solitude. In Keith Ansell-Pearson (ed.), Nietzsche and Modern German Thought. Routledge. 192.
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  31. Christopher Bertram (forthcoming). Jean Jacques Rousseau. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau remains an important figure in the history of philosophy, both because of his contributions to political philosophy and moral psychology and because of his influence on later thinkers. Rousseau's own view of philosophy and philosophers was firmly negative, seeing philosophers as the post-hoc rationalizers of self-interest, as apologists for various forms of tyranny, and as playing a role in the alienation of the modern individual from humanity's natural impulse to compassion. The concern that dominates Rousseau's work is to (...)
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  32. Mark Bevir (1999). Foucault and Critique: Deploying Agency Against Autonomy. Political Theory 27 (1):65-84.
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  33. Heiner Bielefeldt (1997). Autonomy and Republicanism: Immanuel Kant's Philosophy of Freedom. Political Theory 25 (4):524-558.
  34. Ivan A. Boldyrev (2012). Kantian Ethics and Economics: Autonomy, Dignity, and Character (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 50 (2):298-299.
  35. Natalie Brender, Larry Krasnoff & J. B. Schneewind (eds.) (2004). New Essays on the History of Autonomy: A Collection Honoring J.B. Schneewind. Cambridge University Press.
    Kantian autonomy is often thought to be independent of time and place, but J. B. Schneewind in his landmark study, The Invention of Autonomy, has shown that there is much to be learned by setting Kant's moral philosophy in the context of the history of modern moral philosophy. The distinguished authors in the collection continue Schneewind's project by relating Kant's work to the historical context of his predecessors and to the empirical context of human agency. This will be a valuable (...)
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  36. Natalie Brender, Larry Krasnoff & J. B. Schneewind (eds.) (2004). New Essays on the History of Autonomy: A Collection Honoring J. Cambridge University Press.
    Kantian autonomy is often thought to be independent of time and place, but J. B. Schneewind in his landmark study, The Invention of Autonomy, has shown that there is much to be learned by setting Kant's moral philosophy in the context of the history of modern moral philosophy. The distinguished authors in the collection continue Schneewind's project by relating Kant's work to the historical context of his predecessors and to the empirical context of human agency. This will be a valuable (...)
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  37. Keberson Bresolin (2013). Autonomia versus heteronomia: o princípio da moral em Kant e Levinas // Autonomy versus heteronomy: the principle of morality in Kant and Levinas. Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 18 (3):166-183.
    Não apenas distantes no tempo, Kant e Levinas são distantes em suas respectivas propostas de ética. Este trabalho visa analisar reflexivamente os princípios morais dos dois autores com o intuito de introduzir o acadêmico aos conceitos fundamentais em dois grandes expoentes da ética. Desta forma, Kant propõe uma moral baseada na razão (pura prática), livre de toda inclinação sensível. Nada alheio a razão pode fundar uma lei. Por conseguinte, o único princípio da determinação da vontade é a lei moral, de (...)
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  38. David O. Brink (1986). Utilitarian Morality and the Personal Point of View. Journal of Philosophy 83 (8):417-438.
    Consideration of the objection from the personal point of view reveals the resources of utilitarianism. The utilitarian can offer a partial rebuttal by distinguishing between criteria of rightness and decision procedures and claiming that, because his theory is a criterion of rightness and not a decision procedure, he can justify agents' differential concern for their own welfare and the welfare of those close to them. The flexibility in utilitarianism's theory of value allows further rebuttal of this objection; objective versions of (...)
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  39. Klaus Brinkmann (2010). Review: Ameriks, Kant and the Fate of Autonomy. Review of Metaphysics 57 (4):824-826.
  40. Klaus Brinkmann (2004). Review: Ameriks, Kant and the Fate of Autonomy. Review of Metaphysics 57 (4):824-826.
  41. William F. Bristow (2007). Hegel and the Transformation of Philosophical Critique. Oxford University Press.
    Hegel's objection -- Is Kant's idealism subjective? -- An ambiguity in 'subjectivism' -- The epistemological problem -- The transcendental deduction of the categories and subjectivism -- Are Kant's categories subjective? -- Hegel's suspicion : Kantian critique and subjectivism -- What is kantian philosophical criticism? -- Hegel's suspicion : initial formulation -- A shallow suspicion? -- Deepening the suspicion : criticism, autonomy, and subjectivism -- Directions of response -- Critique and suspicion : unmasking the critical philosophy -- Hegel's transformation of critique (...)
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  42. D. G. Brown (1989). More on Self-Enslavement and Paternalism in Mill. Utilitas 1 (01):144-.
  43. Bruce A. Buchan (1996). Situated Consciousness or Consciousness of Situation? Autonomy and Antagonism in Jean-Paul Sartre'sBeing and Nothingness. History of European Ideas 22 (3):193-215.
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  44. A. Burms & H. De Dijn (1984). Het vreemde in het eigene, kanttekening bij het denken Van Levinas. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 46 (2):211 - 215.
    Levinas' view on ethical commitment seems at first sight incompatible with the cultivation of particularistic ideals. The Other from whom the moral imperative originates, is also a Stranger: in submitting ourselves to his appeal, we obey a law radically transcending our autonomy. Therefore, our responsibility for the Other is not a loyalty based on personal sympathies, preferences or common interests. From Levinas' stern universalistic perspective, particularistic loyalty might appear as a form of moral self-indulgence. In this article we draw attention (...)
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  45. J. Patout Burns (1988). Augustine on the Origin and Progress of Evil. Journal of Religious Ethics 16 (1):9 - 27.
    Augustine distinguished apparent evil, conflict and corruption among bodies from true evil, the self-initiated corruption of created spirits. Angels and humans fail to maintain the perfection of knowledge and love given by God and then turn to themselves as the focus of attention and appreciation. The original failures of both demons and humans were neither provoked nor persuaded by any outside bodily or spiritual force: each was an autonomous and self-initiated sin of pride. This fundamental evil underlies and gives (...)
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  46. Ana Sofía Cabello Castañeda (2012). ¿Democracia y socialismo? Aproximación a la propuesta de Cornelius Castoriadis. Apuntes Filosóficos 19 (36).
    En este artículo revisamos la relación que se establece entre la democracia y el proyecto socialista. Debido a que las democracias actuales son predominantemente representativas de tradición liberal, también analizamos su ideal central: la libertad, en relación con el valor más importante de toda propuesta socialista: la igualdad. Nos referimos a la propuesta de Cornelius Castoriadis de un proyecto de autonomía personal y colectiva que entiende la libertad y la igualdad como propósitos políticos, por lo que la verdadera democracia se (...)
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  47. Bernard Carnois (1987). The Coherence of Kant's Doctrine of Freedom. University of Chicago Press.
    The term freedom appears in many contexts in Kant's work, ranging from the cosmological to the moral to the theological. Can the diverse meanings Kant gave to the term be ordered systematically? To ask that question is to test the consistency and coherence of Kant's thought in its entirety. Widely praised when first published in France, The Coherence of Kant's Doctrine of Freedom articulates and interrelates the disparate senses of freedom in Kant's work. Bernard Carnois organizes all Kant's usages into (...)
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  48. Susan V. H. Castro (2014). The Morality of Unequal Autonomy: Reviving Kant's Concept of Status for Stakeholders. Journal of Business Ethics 121 (4):593-606.
    Though we cherish freedom and equality, there are human relations we commonly take to be morally permissible despite the fact that they essentially involve an inequality specifically of freedom, i.e., parental and fiduciary relations. In this article, I argue that the morality of these relations is best understood through a very old and dangerous concept, the concept of status. Despite their historic and continuing abuses, status relations are alive and well today, I argue, because some of them are necessary. We (...)
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  49. Matthew Caswell (2006). Kant's Conception of the Highest Good, the Gesinnung, and the Theory of Radical Evil. Kant-Studien 97 (2):184-209.
    Early in the Preface to Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, Kant claims that “morality leads ineluctably to religion”. This thesis is hardly an innovation of the Religion. Again and again throughout the critical corpus, Kant argues that religious belief is ethically significant, that it makes a morally meaningful difference whether an agent believes or disbelieves. And yet these claims are surely among the most doubted of Kant's positions – and they are often especially doubted by readers who consider (...)
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  50. Michael Cholbi (2011). Suicide: The Philosophical Dimensions. Broadview Press.
    The Philosophical Dimensions Michael Cholbi. impermissible. Many Kantians, however, adopt what we could call a wide interpretation of autonomy. These Kantians remind us that autonomy is a capacity to make and be guided by our rational ...
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