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  1. added 2014-09-30
    Timothy Pawl (2014). Thomistic Multiple Incarnations. Heythrop Journal:xx.
    In this article I present St. Thomas Aquinas’s views on the possibility of multiple incarnations. First I disambiguate four things one might mean when saying that multiple incarnations are possible. Then I provide and justify what I take to be Aquinas’s answers to these questions, showing the intricacies of his argumentation and concluding that he holds an extremely robust view of the possibility of multiple incarnations. According to Aquinas, I argue, there could be three simultaneously existing concrete rational natures, each (...)
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  2. added 2014-09-29
    Giorgio Pini (2013). What Lucifer Wanted: Anselm, Aquinas, and Scotus on the Object of the First Evil Choice. Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 1:61-82.
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  3. added 2014-09-29
    Marilyn McCord Adams (2013). Genuine Agency, Somehow Shared? The Holy Spirit and Other Gifts. Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 1:23-60.
  4. added 2014-09-26
    Keimpe Algra (1997). Lucretius and the Epicurean Other. In Keimpe Algra, M. H. Koenen & P. H. Schrijvers (eds.), Lucretius and his Intellectual Background. Koninklijke Nederlandse Adademie Van Wetenschappen.
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  5. added 2014-09-25
    Charles T. Wolfe (2014). On the Role of Newtonian Analogies in Eighteenth-Century Life Science:Vitalism and Provisionally Inexplicable Explicative Devices. In Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Newton and Empiricism. Oxford UP. 223-261.
    Newton’s impact on Enlightenment natural philosophy has been studied at great length, in its experimental, methodological and ideological ramifications. One aspect that has received fairly little attention is the role Newtonian “analogies” played in the formulation of new conceptual schemes in physiology, medicine, and life science as a whole. So-called ‘medical Newtonians’ like Pitcairne and Keill have been studied; but they were engaged in a more literal project of directly transposing, or seeking to transpose, Newtonian laws into quantitative models of (...)
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  6. added 2014-09-24
    Hermann G. W. Burchard (2014). The Cognitive Gap, Neural Darwinism & Linguistic Dualism —Russell, Husserl, Heidegger & Quine. Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):244-264.
    Guided by key insights of the four great philosophers mentioned in the title, here, in review of and expanding on our earlier work (Burchard, 2005, 2011), we present an exposition of the role played by language, & in the broader sense, λογοζ, the Logos, in how the CNS, the brain, is running the human being. Evolution by neural Darwinism has been forcing the linguistic nature of mind, enabling it to overcome & exploit the cognitive gap between an animal and its (...)
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  7. added 2014-09-24
    Patrick Brissey (2014). Rule VIII of Descartes’ Regulae Ad Directionem Ingenii. Journal of Early Modern Studies 3 (2).
    On the developmental reading, Descartes first praised his method in the first instance of Rule VIII of the Regulae ad directionem ingenii, but then demoted it to provisional in the “blacksmith” analogy, and then found his discrete method could not resolve his “finest example,” his inquiry into the essence and scope of human knowledge, an event that, on this reading, resulted in him dropping his method. In this paper, I explain how Rule VIII can be read as a coherent title (...)
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  8. added 2014-09-24
    Pascal Massie (2013). Philosophy and Ataraxia in Sextus Empiricus. Peitho Examina Antiqua 1 (4):211-234.
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  9. added 2014-09-24
    Pascal Massie (2013). Touching, Thinking, Being: The Sense of Touch in Aristotle's De Anima and its Implications. Minerva - An Internet Journal of Philosophy 17:74-101.
  10. added 2014-09-23
    Susan Brower-Toland (2014). &Quot;william Ockham on the Scope and Limits of Consciousness&Quot;. Vivarium 52:197-219.
  11. added 2014-09-23
    Osvaldo Ottaviani (2014). From “Possible Worlds” to “Possible Experience”. Real Possibility in Leibniz and Kant. Kant Yearbook 6 (1).
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  12. added 2014-09-23
    Frédéric Seyler (2014). Fichte in 1804: A Radical Phenomenology of Life? On a Possible Comparison Between the 1804 Wissenschaftslehre and Michel Henry's Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Journal of Speculative Philosophy 28 (3):295-304.
    If the phenomenological movement is irreducibly tied to Husserl’s groundbreaking lifework, it has, like all philosophical currents, outer boundaries. At one end of the spectrum, Fichte’s Berlin lectures in 1804 represent not only the most accomplished and systematic version of his theory of knowing, or Wissenschaftslehre; they also contain what Fichte himself designated as Phänomenologie or as theory of appearing, Erscheinungslehre. At the other end, as one of the most prominent and challenging outcomes of contemporary phenomenology, we find Henry’s radical (...)
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  13. added 2014-09-23
    Enrico Pasini (2013). Teleologia in Leibniz E Husserl. Brevi Note a Partire da Un Inedito Leibniziano. Discipline Filosofiche 23 (2):21-36.
    This paper takes its start from the unpublished Leibnizian manuscript of which a critical edition and an Italian translation are presented by the Author in the same issue of “Discipline filosofiche‘ -- in particular from some passages concerning what we might roughly call teleological projections. A parallel analysis of Leibniz’s and Husserl’s attitudes to the attribution of teleological properties, at various levels of complexity, factuality, ideality, to the natural world and to human history, shows in Husserl’s teleology a mix of (...)
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  14. added 2014-09-23
    Stephan Körner (1984). Über philosophische Methoden und Argumente. Grazer Philosophische Studien 22:27-39.
    Hauptthema des Aufsatzes sind philosophische Methoden und Argumente, welche der Begründung allgemeingültiger, philosophischer Prinzipien dienen sollen. Es wird gezeigt, daß die Cartesianische Methode des Zweifels, die transzendentale Methode Kants und die phänomenologische Methode Husserls diese Aufgabe nicht erfüllen, daß sie aber, wenn man von ihren Ausschließlichkeitsansprüchen absieht, wichtige Einsichten enthalten. Selbst die sogenannte "wissenschaftliche" und die sogenannte "linguistische" Methode erweisen sich trotz ihrer Zirkularität als nicht völlig wertlos. Der Aufsatz schließt mit einigen Bemerkungen über Argumentationsweisen, welche bescheidenere Ziele verfolgen und (...)
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  15. added 2014-09-23
    Johann Götschl (1978). Brentanos Analyse des Zeitbegriffes. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:225-248.
    Die Rekonstruktion von Brentanos Analyse des Zeitbegriffes zeigt, daß der Zeitbegriff sich nicht in mathematischen bzw. physikalischen Darstellungen erschöpfen kann, sondern vielmehr einer phänomenologischen bzw. epistemologischen Analyse bedarf Brentanos Theorie des Zeitlichen liefert hierfür ein Ordnungsschema, mit dessen Hilfe der Unterschied wie der Zusammenhang zwischen mathematisch-physikalischen und phänomenologischen Erkenntnisebenen erfaßt werden kann.
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  16. added 2014-09-23
    Johann Götschl (1978). Brentanos Analyse des Zeitbegriffes. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:225-248.
    Die Rekonstruktion von Brentanos Analyse des Zeitbegriffes zeigt, daß der Zeitbegriff sich nicht in mathematischen bzw. physikalischen Darstellungen erschöpfen kann, sondern vielmehr einer phänomenologischen bzw. epistemologischen Analyse bedarf Brentanos Theorie des Zeitlichen liefert hierfür ein Ordnungsschema, mit dessen Hilfe der Unterschied wie der Zusammenhang zwischen mathematisch-physikalischen und phänomenologischen Erkenntnisebenen erfaßt werden kann.
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  17. added 2014-09-23
    Heiner Rütte (1978). Brentanos antinaturalistische Grundlegung der Ethik. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:149-168.
    Die Arbeit untersucht und kritisiert Brentanos antinaturalistische, aber auch antiessentialistische Grundlegung der Ethik,d.h. des Prinzips der Richtigkeit bzw. Unrichtigkeit von Gemütsbewegungen, die Analogiesetzung zu den Urteilen, die Fundierungim Evidenzbegriff sowie bestimmte Konsequenzen für die moralische Fragestellung.
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  18. added 2014-09-22
    Jack A. Hill (2014). Iain McDaniel, Adam Ferguson in the Scottish Enlightenment: The Roman Past and Europe's Future. Cambridge, U.S.A. And London: Harvard University Press, 2013. X + 276 Pp. $45.00 (Cloth), £29.95 (Hbk). ISBN 9780674072961. [REVIEW] 12 (2):243-248.
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  19. added 2014-09-22
    Corijn van Mazijk (2014). Kant, Husserl, McDowell: The Non-Conceptual in Experience. Diametros 41:99-114.
    In this paper I compare McDowell′s conceptualism to Husserl′s later philosophy. I aim to argue against the picture provided by recent phenomenologists according to which both agree on the conceptual nature of experience. I start by discussing McDowell′s reading of Kant and some of the recent Kantian and phenomenological non-conceptualist criticisms thereof. By separating two kinds of conceptualism, I argue that these criticisms largely fail to trouble McDowell. I then move to Husserl’s later phenomenological analyses of types and of passive (...)
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  20. added 2014-09-22
    Katherine Nicolai (2014). Adam Ferguson's Pedagogy and His Engagement with Stoicism. 12 (2):199-212.
    Adam Ferguson, lecturer of moral philosophy at the University of Edinburgh (1764–1785), was one of the leading figures of the Scottish Enlightenment. His published works, however, have sometimes been dismissed as derivative and viewed as less important than some of his contemporaries, because of his reliance on ancient Stoic philosophy. An analysis of Ferguson's lecture notes, conversely, demonstrates Stoicism's pedagogical function. Rather than adopting Stoic principles, Ferguson used their terminology to teach philosophical concepts. Ferguson's nuanced discussion of ancient philosophy in (...)
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  21. added 2014-09-21
    Hein van den Berg (2009). Kant on Vital Forces: Metaphysical Concerns Versus Scientific Practice. In E. O. Onnasch (ed.), Kants Philosophie der Natur. Ihre Entwicklung im Opus postumum und ihre WIrkung. Walter De Gruyter. 115-135.
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  22. added 2014-09-20
    Donald A. Landes (2013). Immanence, Difference, and the Overcoming of Metaphysics: A Book Encounter [Critical Notice] with Leonard Lawlor’s Early Twentieth-Century Continental Philosophy (Indiana University Press, 2012). [REVIEW] Phaenex 8 (2):360-374.
    A Book Encounter (Critical Notice) of Leonard Lawlor's Early Twentieth Century Continental Philosophy.
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  23. added 2014-09-19
    Tim O'Keefe (forthcoming). Hedonistic Theories in Antiquity. In Guy Fletcher (ed.), Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Well-Being.
    Focuses on the theories of the Epicureans and Cyrenaics in light of Plato's and Aristotle's criticisms of hedonism. Closes with a brief discussion of how the Pyrrhonian skeptical conception of the telos compares to the Epicureans'.
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  24. added 2014-09-19
    Ruth Abbey (2014). Lumping It and Liking It. Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy 25:131-154.
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  25. added 2014-09-19
    Werner Stegmaier, David Rowthorn & Matthew Dennis (2014). Beyond the Free Spirit Works: Interview with the Editors. Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy 25:179-188.
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  26. added 2014-09-19
    Friedrich Nietzsche & Carol Diethe (2014). Nietzsche on Integrity. Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy 25:1-12.
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  27. added 2014-09-19
    Jonathan R. Cohen (2014). Nietzsche’s Second Turning. Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy 25:35-54.
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  28. added 2014-09-19
    Christa Davis Acampora (2014). In What Senses Are Free Spirits Free? Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy 25:13-34.
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  29. added 2014-09-19
    Hein van den Berg (2014). Kant on Proper Science: Biology in the Critical Philosophy and the Opus Postumum. Springer Science + Business Media.
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  30. added 2014-09-19
    Katia Hay & Herman Siemens (2014). On Seriousness and Laughter. Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy 25:77-90.
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  31. added 2014-09-19
    Frank Chouraqui (2014). Nietzsche’s Other Naturalism. Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy 25:155-178.
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  32. added 2014-09-19
    Bertrand Rusell (1919). The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lectures 7-8. The Monist 29 (3):345-380.
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  33. added 2014-09-19
    Bertrand Russell (1919). The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lectures 5-6. The Monist 29 (2):190-222.
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  34. added 2014-09-19
    Bertrand Russell (1918). The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lectures 3-4. The Monist 29 (1):32-63.
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  35. added 2014-09-19
    Bertrand Russell (1918). The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lectures 1-2. The Monist 28 (4):495-527.
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  36. added 2014-09-18
    José María Ariso (forthcoming). Learning to Believe: Challenges in Children's Acquisition of a World-Picture in Wittgenstein's On Certainty. Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-15.
    Wittgenstein scholars have tended to interpret the acquisition of certainties, and by extension, of a world-picture, as the achievement of a state in which these certainties are assimilated in a seemingly unconscious way as one masters language-games. However, it has not been stressed that the attainment of this state often involves facing a series of challenges or difficulties which must be overcome for the development of the world-picture and therefore the socialization process to be achieved. After showing, on the one (...)
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  37. added 2014-09-18
    Christian Erbacher (2014). Editorial Approaches to Wittgenstein's Nachlass: Towards a Historical Appreciation. Philosophical Investigations 37 (4).
    Building on the unpublished correspondence between Ludwig Wittgenstein's literary executors Rush Rhees, Elizabeth Anscombe and Georg Henrik von Wright, this paper sketches the historical development of different editorial approaches to Wittgenstein's Nachlass. Using the metaphor of a ladder, it is possible to distinguish seven significant “rungs” or “steps” in the history of editing Wittgenstein's writings. The paper focuses particularly on the first four rungs, elucidating how Rhees, Anscombe and von Wright developed different editorial approaches that resulted in significant differences in (...)
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  38. added 2014-09-18
    Agnieszka Hensoldt (2014). Peirce I Wittgenstein o Życiu Znaków. Diametros 41:38-55.
    The aim of the paper is to examine some important features of Peirce's and Wittgenstein's accounts of the nature of signs. The analysis shows that there are at least four points, regarding the nature of signs, on which Peirce and Wittgenstein agree. These are: the triadic nature of signs, the presence (and the specific role) of degenerate signs in our discourses, the role of rules in the constitution of meaning, and the indispensable role of a community in creating and maintaining (...)
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  39. added 2014-09-18
    Guillaume Fréchette (2010). L'intentionnalité et le caractère qualitatif des vécus.Husserl, Brentano et Lotze. Studia Phaenomenologica 10:91-117.
    Lotze’s influence on the development of the XIXth and XXth century philosophy and psychology remains largely neglected still today. In this paper, I examine some Lotzean elements in Husserl’s early conception of intentionality, and more specifically in his rejection of the Brentanian concept of intentionality. I argue that Husserl and Lotze, pace Brentano, share a qualitative conception of experiences, what they both call the Zumutesein of experiences. Furthermore, I discuss other issues upon which Husserl and Lotze share common intuitions: the (...)
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  40. added 2014-09-18
    Guido Küng (1978). Zur Erkenntnistheorie von Franz Brentano. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:169-181.
    Brentano hat in seinen Analysen der Wahrnehmung zwei wichtige Punkte hervorgehoben: (a) daß die innere Wahrnehmung nur ein Bewußtsein "nebenbei" sei; und (b) daß die äußere Wahrnehmung ein räumlich Ausgedehntes (und nicht eine Idee) zum Objekt habe. Er ging aber nicht weit genug, sondern blieb dem Kartesianismus verhaftet, indem er die innere Wahrnehmung immer noch ein Erkennen nannte, und andererseits vom Objekt der äußeren Wahrnehmung sagte, daß es in Wahrheit gar nicht bestehe. Wenn man aber weiter geht und zugesteht, daß (...)
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  41. added 2014-09-18
    Stephan Körner (1978). Über Brentanos Reismus und die extensionale Logik. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:29-43.
    Nach einem kurzen, kritischen Bericht über die Gründe, die Brentano zur Ablehnung der mathematischen Logik bewogen, wird gezeigt, daß seine (spätere) Analyse der logischen Urteilsformen sich in einem finiten Untersystem der exakten Prädikatenlogik interpretieren läßt. Es wird sodann ausgeführt, daß dieses logische System auch zur Formulierung seiner Relationstheorie geeignet ist - sofern man von der Kontinualrelation absieht. Dieser wird aber durch eine Erweiterung der Prädikatenlogik durch inexakte Prädikate genügegetan. Schließlich wird erklärt, wie Brentanos Auffassung der logischen Modalitäten als Urteilsmodi in (...)
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  42. added 2014-09-18
    Guido Küng (1978). Zur Erkenntnistheorie von Franz Brentano. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:169-181.
    Brentano hat in seinen Analysen der Wahrnehmung zwei wichtige Punkte hervorgehoben: (a) daß die innere Wahrnehmung nur ein Bewußtsein "nebenbei" sei; und (b) daß die äußere Wahrnehmung ein räumlich Ausgedehntes (und nicht eine Idee) zum Objekt habe. Er ging aber nicht weit genug, sondern blieb dem Kartesianismus verhaftet, indem er die innere Wahrnehmung immer noch ein Erkennen nannte, und andererseits vom Objekt der äußeren Wahrnehmung sagte, daß es in Wahrheit gar nicht bestehe. Wenn man aber weiter geht und zugesteht, daß (...)
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  43. added 2014-09-18
    Stephan Körner (1978). Über Brentanos Reismus und die extensionale Logik. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:29-43.
    Nach einem kurzen, kritischen Bericht über die Gründe, die Brentano zur Ablehnung der mathematischen Logik bewogen, wird gezeigt, daß seine (spätere) Analyse der logischen Urteilsformen sich in einem finiten Untersystem der exakten Prädikatenlogik interpretieren läßt. Es wird sodann ausgeführt, daß dieses logische System auch zur Formulierung seiner Relationstheorie geeignet ist - sofern man von der Kontinualrelation absieht. Dieser wird aber durch eine Erweiterung der Prädikatenlogik durch inexakte Prädikate genügegetan. Schließlich wird erklärt, wie Brentanos Auffassung der logischen Modalitäten als Urteilsmodi in (...)
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  44. added 2014-09-17
    Scott Stapleford (2014). Tetens' Refutation of Idealism and Properly Basic Belief. In Gideon Stiening Udo Thiel (ed.), Johann Nikolaus Tetens (1736-1807): Philosophie in der Tradition des europäischen Empirismus. De Gruyter. 147-168.
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  45. added 2014-09-16
    Wolfgang Ertl (2011). Kant and the Early Modern Scholastic Legacy: New Perspectives on Transcendental Idealism”. In Hubertus Busche (ed.), Departure for Modern Europe. A Handbook of Early Modern Philosophy. Meiner. 1178-1193.
    This paper attempts to shed light on Kant’s distinction between things in themselves and appearances. It draws on the early modern debate about the nature of divine knowledge which resonates in Kant’s lectures on metaphysics and natural theology. The problem as to how divine foreknowledge of human actions is compatible with their freedom is of particular relevance, since the solution to the problem of human freedom is at the core of transcendental idealism. Philosophers such as Molina take divine cognition of (...)
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  46. added 2014-09-16
    Wolfgang Ertl (2010). Persons as Causes in Kant. In Stephen R. Palmquist (ed.), Cultivating Personhood: Kant and Asian Philosophy. de Gruyter. 217-230.
    Drawing on recent Aristotelian readings of Kant's notion of natural causality with an emphasis on substances as causes, I will try to explain how persons can make a difference in the world of appearances by virtue of their rationality. For Kant, the clue is that the peculiar mode of a substance's natural causality supervenes on in-itself features, among which is the mode or character of the person's rationality. Thus, a wedge can be driven between natural necessity and metaphysical necessity, opening (...)
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  47. added 2014-09-15
    G. Anthony Bruno (forthcoming). The Appearance and Disappearance of Intellectual Intuition in Schelling’s Philosophy. Analecta Hermeneutica.
    In the first section of this paper, I account for the nexus of the problems of grounding, freedom and meaning. These problems demand, respectively, a principle by which cognition forms a system rather than an aggregate, a principle by which a system of cognition is compatible with freedom rather than incompatible and a principle by which a system of freedom can show why there is meaning rather than none. In the second section, I reconstruct Schelling’s argument in the identity philosophy (...)
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  48. added 2014-09-15
    Marius Stan (forthcoming). Absolute Space and the Riddle of Rotation: Kant’s Response to Newton. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 7.
    Besides theological grounds, Newton also has a fivefold kinematico-dynamical argument for absolute space, from “the properties, causes, and effects” of true motion. Like Newton, Kant holds that bodies have true motions. Unlike him, though, Kant declares all motion to be relative to matter, not absolute space. In consequence, he must respond to Newton’s argument above. In this paper, I reconstruct in detail Kant’s answer, from his “Metaphysical Foundations of Phenomenology.” It turns out that Kant addresses just one part of Newton’s (...)
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  49. added 2014-09-15
    Lena Halldenius (2014). Mary Wollstonecraft's Feminist Critique of Property: On Becoming a Thief From Principle. Hypatia 29 (3).
    The scholarship on Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797) is divided concerning her views on women's role in public life, property rights, and distribution of wealth. Her critique of inequality of wealth is undisputed, but is it a complaint only of inequality or does it strike more forcefully at the institution of property? The argument in this article is that Wollstonecraft's feminism is partly defined by a radical critique of property, intertwined with her conception of rights. Dissociating herself from the conceptualization of rights (...)
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  50. added 2014-09-15
    Patrick Brissey (2013). “Descartes’ Discours as a Plan for a Universal Science”. Studia UBB. Philosophia [Special Issue on Descartes' Scientific and Philosophical Disputes with His Contemporaries] 58 (No. 2).
    My thesis is that Descartes wrote the Discours as a plan for a universal science, as he originally entitled it. I provide an interpretation of his letters that suggests that after Descartes began drafting his Dioptrics, he started developing a system that incorporated his early treatises from the 1630s: Les Méteores, Le Monde, L’Homme, and his 1629 Traité de métaphysique. I argue against the mosaic and autobiographic interpretations that claim these were independent treatises or stages in Descartes’ life. Rather, I (...)
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