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  1. Horacio Banega (2012). Formal Ontology as an Operative Tool in the Theories of Objecs of the Life-World: Stumpf, Husserl and Ingarden. Symposium 16 (2):64-88.
    Formal ontology as it is presented in Husserl`s Third Logical Investigation can be interpreted as a fundamental tool to describe objects in a formal sense. It is presented one of the main sources: chapter five of Carl Stumpf`s Ûber den psycholoogischen Ursprung der Raumovorstellung (1873), and then it is described how Husserlian Formal Ontology is applied in Fifth Logical Investigation. Finally, it is applied to dramatic structures, in the spirit of Roman Ingarden.
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  2. Pilar Fernández Beites (2007). Teoría de Todos y Partes: Husserl y Zubiri. Signos Filosóficos 60 (17):63-99.
    This paper proposes that an ontology which be able to satisfy the current philosophical necessities has to be understood like a theory of wholes and parts, just like that developed by Edmund Husserl. Comparison is made between this theory and Xavier Zubiri’s theory of the substantivity, that try ..
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  3. Richard Blecksmith & Gilbert Null (1990). Matrix Representation of Husserl's Part-Whole-Foundation Theory. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 32 (1):87-111.
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  4. Luciano Boi (2007). Phénoménoligie et méréologie de la perception spatiale, de Husserl aux théoriciens de la Gestalt. In Luciano Boi, Pierre Kerszberg & Frédéric Patras (eds.), Rediscovering Phenomenology: Phenomenological Essays on Mathematical Beings, Physical Reality, Perception and Consciousness (Phaenomenologica) (English and French Edition). Springer. 33-66.
  5. Ettore Casari (2007). On the Relationship Between Parts and Wholes in Husserl's Phenomenology. In Luciano Boi, Pierre Kerszberg & Frédéric Patras (eds.), Rediscovering Phenomenology: Phenomenological Essays on Mathematical Beings, Physical Reality, Perception and Consciousness (Phaenomenologica) (English and French Edition). Springer. 67-102.
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  6. Ettore Casari (2000). On Husserl's Theory of Wholes and Parts. History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (1):1-43.
    The strongly innovative theory of whole-parts relations outlined by Husserl in his Third logical Investigation?to which he attributed a basic value for his entire phenomenology?has recently attracted a renewed interest. Although many important issues have been clarified (especially by Kit Fine) the subject seems still worth being revisited. To this aim Husserlian universes are introduced. These are lower bounded distributive lattices endowed with a unary operation of defect and a binary relation of isogeneity. Husserl's contents are identified with nonzero elements (...)
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  7. Arkadiusz Chrudzimski (1997). Od Brentana do Husserla. Ontologia intencjonalności. Principia:0-0.
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  8. Raul Corazzon, Edmund Husserl: Formal Ontology and Transcendental Logic.
    "Husserl's work include lengthy treatment of universals, categories, meanings, numbers, manifolds, etc. from an ontological perspective. Here, however, we shall concentrate almost exclusively on the Logical Investigations, which contain in a clear form the ontological ideas which provided the terminological and theoretical basis both for much of the detailed phenomenological description and for many of the metaphysical theses presented in Husserl's later works.
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  9. Fabrice Correia (2004). Husserl on Foundation. Dialectica 58 (3):349–367.
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  10. Mariano Crespo (1995). En Torno a Los "Estados de Cosas&Quot;: Una Investigación Ontológico-Formal. Anuario Filosófico 28 (1):143-158.
    The states of affairs are one of the basic categories of the formal ontology in the husserlian sense of this word. They are the objectiv correlates of judgements and they have an existence independent of propositions and of acts of judging. Their form is "the being-b of A". States of affairs have different properties. One of the most important is that they are bearers of ontological modalities. In this respect the analysis of the different classes of modalities needs to be (...)
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  11. Frederick James Crosson (1962). Formal Logic and Formal Ontology in Husserl's Phenomenology. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 3 (4):259-269.
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  12. Roberta de Monticelli (2003). On Ontology. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):171-186.
    This paper compares two basic approaches to “ontology”. One originated within the analytic tradition, and it encompasses two diverging streams, philosophy of language and (contemporary) philosophy of mind which lead to “reduced ontology” and “neo-Aristotelian ontology”, respectively. The other approach is “phenomenological ontology” (more precisely, the Husserlian, not the Heideggerian version).Ontology as a theory of reference (“reduced” ontology, or ontology dependent on semantics) is presented and justified on the basis of some classical thesis of traditional philosophy of language (from Frege (...)
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  13. John J. Drummond (2009). La limitation de l'ontologie par la logique. Methodos 9.
    Cet article maintient que l’intérêt de Husserl pour le développement d’une logique pure en tant que théorie de la science limite sa conception de l’ontologie. L’ontologie formelle est, pour Husserl, une théorie formelle des objets de connaissance, dont les catégories fondamentales sont celles de substance, propriété et relation. En outre, les ontologies régionales évoluent au sein des limites catégorielles définies par l’ontologie formelle. Mais une telle ontologie laisse de côté les activités et les processus de tout genre, parmi lesquels le (...)
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  14. John J. Drummond (2008). Wholes, Parts, and Phenomenological Methodology (Ⅲ. Logische Untersuchung). In Verena Mayer (ed.), Edmund Husserl: Logische Untersuchungen. Akademie Verlag Berlin. 35--105.
  15. Samuel Dubosson (2008). L'ontologie des Objets Culturels Selon Husserl. Studia Phaenomenologica 8:65-81.
    In this essay, I examine some aspects of Husserl’s ontology, in particular their nature, the understanding intuition which mixex a correct interpretation of these objects and the relationship between their historicity and their ideality. Especially, I critically evaluate way the incidence of the exemplarity of the literary object upon its design of the cultural objects.
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  16. Kit Fine (1995). Part-Whole. In Barry Smith & David Woodruff Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl (Cambridge Companions to Philosophy). Cambridge University Press.
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  17. Jay Lampert (1989). Husserl's Theory of Parts and Wholes: The Dynamic of Individuating and Contextualizing Interpretation —Übergehen, Abheben, Ergänzungsbedürftigkeit. Research in Phenomenology 19 (1):195-212.
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  18. Massimo Libardi (1994). Applications and Limits of Mereology. From the Theory of Parts to the Theory of Wholes. Axiomathes 5 (1):13-54.
    The discovery of the importance of mereology follows and does not precede the formalisation of the theory. In particular, it was only after the construction of an axiomatic theory of the part-whole relation by the Polish logician Stanisław Leśniewski that any attempt was made to reinterpret some periods in the history of philosophy in the light of the theory of parts and wholes. Secondly, the push for formalisation - and the individuation of mereology as a specific theoretical field - arise (...)
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  19. Thomas Nenon (2009). Deux modèles de fondation dans les Recherches logiques. Methodos 9.
    Cette étude essaye d’établir qu’il y a deux notions très différentes de « fondation » à l’œuvre dans les Recherches logiques de Husserl. Dans la IIIème Recherche, où le terme est formellement introduit, lorsqu’il se demande quels sont les contenus qui peuvent exister d’une manière autonome (indépendants) et lesquels peuvent exister uniquement en tant que moments d’autre chose (dépendants), Husserl suit ce que j’appelle un « modèle ontologique ». Selon ce modèle, le concret possède une priorité sur à l’abstrait qui (...)
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  20. Gilbert T. Null (2007). Two-Valued Logics of Intentionality: Temporality, Truth, Modality, and Identity. Husserl Studies 23 (3):187-228.
    The essay introduces a non-Diodorean, non-Kantian temporal modal semantics based on part-whole, rather than class, theory. Formalizing Edmund Husserl’s theory of inner time consciousness, §3 uses his protention and retention concepts to define a relation of self-awareness on intentional events. §4 introduces a syntax and two-valued semantics for modal first-order predicate object-languages, defines semantic assignments for variables and predicates, and truth for formulae in terms of the axiomatic version of Edmund Husserl’s dependence ontology (viz. the Calculus [CU] of Urelements) introduced (...)
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  21. Gilbert T. Null (2007). The Ontology of Intentionality I: The Dependence Ontological Account of Order: Mediate and Immediate Moments and Pieces of Dependent and Independent Objects. Husserl Studies 23 (1):33-69.
    This is the first of three essays which use Edmund Husserl's dependence ontology to formulate a non-Diodorean and non-Kantian temporal semantics for two-valued, first-order predicate modal languages suitable for expressing ontologies of experience (like physics and cognitive science). This essay's primary desideratum is to formulate an adequate dependence-ontological account of order. To do so it uses primitive (proper) part and (weak) foundation relations to formulate seven axioms and 28 definitions as a basis for Husserl's dependence ontological theory of relating moments. (...)
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  22. Gilbert T. Null (2007). The Ontology of Intentionality II: Dependence Ontology as Prolegomenon to Noetic Modal Semantics. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 23 (2):119-159.
    This is the second in a sequence of three essays which axiomatize and apply Edmund Husserl's dependence ontology of parts and wholes as a non-Diodorean, non-Kantian temporal semantics for first-order predicate modal languages. The Ontology of Intentionality I introduced enough of Husserl's dependence-ontology of parts and wholes to formulate his account of order as effected by relating moments of unity, and The Ontology of Intentionality II extends that axiomatic dependence-ontology far enough to enable its semantic application. Formalizing the compatibility [Vereinbarkeit] (...)
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  23. Roberto Poli (1993). Husserl's Conception of Formal Ontology. History and Philosophy of Logic 14 (1):1-14.
    The concept of formal ontology was first developed by Husserl. It concerns problems relating to the notions of object, substance, property, part, whole, predication, nominalization, etc. The idea of formal ontology is present in many of Husserl?s works, with minor changes. This paper provides a reconstruction of such an idea. Husserl?s proposal is faced with contemporary logical orthodoxy and it is presented also an interpretative hypothesis, namely that the original difference between the general perspective of usual model theory and formal (...)
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  24. Alfred Schuetz (1953). Die Phaenomenologie Und Die Fundamente der Wissenschaften (Ideas III. By Edmund Husserl). Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 13 (4):506-514.
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  25. Karl Schuhmann & Barry Smith (1993). Two Idealisms: Lask and Husserl. Kant-Studien 84 (4):448-466.
    Neo-Kantianism is common conceived as a philosophy ‘from above’, excelling in speculative constructions – as opposed to the attitude of patient description which is exemplified by the phenomenological turn ‘to the things themselves’. When we study the work of Emil Lask in its relation to that of Husserl and the phenomenologists, however, and when we examine the influences moving in both directions, then we discover that this idea of a radical opposition is misconceived. Lask himself was influenced especially by Husserl’s (...)
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  26. Gary S. Schultz & Richard Cobb-Stevens (2004). Husserl's Theory of Wholes and Parts and the Methodology of Nursing Research. Nursing Philosophy 5 (3):216-223.
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  27. Peter M. Simons (1981). Unsaturatedness. Grazer Philosophische Studien 14:73-95.
    Frege's obscure key concept of the unsaturatedness of functions is clarified with the help of the concepts of dependent and independent parts and foundation relations used by Husserl in describing the ontology of complex wholes. Sentential unity in Frege, Husserl and Wittgenstein: all have a similar explanation. As applied to linguistic expressions, the terms 'unsaturated' and 'incomplete' are ambiguous: they may mean the ontological property of Unselbständigkeit, inability to exist alone, or the property of being what categorial grammar calls a (...)
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  28. Barry Smith (2010). Austrian Economics and Austrian Philosophy. In Wolfgang Grassl & Barry Smith (eds.), Austrian Economics and Austrian Philosophy.
    Austrian economics starts out from the thesis that the objects of economic science differ from those of the natural sciences because of the centrality of the economic agent. This allows a certain a priori or essentialistic aspect to economic science of a sort which parallels the a priori dimension of psychology defended by Brentano and his student Edmund Husserl. We outline these parallels, and show how the theory of a priori dependence relations outlined in Husserl’s Logical Investigations can throw light (...)
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  29. Barry Smith (1999). Truth and the Visual Field. In Jean Petitot (ed.), Naturalizing Phenomenology. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 317--329.
    Abstract The paper uses the tools of mereotopology (the theory of parts, wholes and boundaries) to work out the implications of certain analogies between the 'ecological psychology' of J. J Gibson and the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl. It presents an ontological theory of spatial boundaries and of spatially extended entities. By reference to examples from the geographical sphere it is shown that both boundaries and extended entities fall into two broad categories: those which exist independently of our cognitive acts (for (...)
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  30. Barry Smith (1998). Basic Concepts of Formal Ontology. In Nicola Guarino (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. IOS Press. 19--28.
    The term ‘formal ontology’ was first used by the philosopher Edmund Husserl in his Logical Investigations to signify the study of those formal structures and relations – above all relations of part and whole – which are exemplified in the subject-matters of the different material sciences. We follow Husserl in presenting the basic concepts of formal ontology as falling into three groups: the theory of part and whole, the theory of dependence, and the theory of boundary, continuity and contact. These (...)
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  31. Barry Smith (1995). Common Sense. In Barry Smith & David Woodruff Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Husserl. New York: Cambridge University Press. 394.
    Can there be a theory-free experience? And what would be the object of such an experience. Drawing on ideas set out by Husserl in the “Crisis” and in the second book of his “Ideas”, the paper presents answers to these questions in such a way as to provide a systematic survey of the content and ontology of common sense. In the second part of the paper Husserl’s ideas on the relationship between the common-sense world (what he called the ‘life-world’) and (...)
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  32. Barry Smith (1986). Ontologische Aspekte der Husserlschen Phänomenologie. Husserl Studies 3 (2):115-130.
    A study of the background of Husserl’s early thinking in the perceptual psychology of Carl Stumpf and of the implications of Stumpfian ideas for an understanding of Husserl’s phenomenology. Other topics treated include the ontology of part, whole and dependence; gestalt theory; and Husserl’s notion of the synthetic a priori.
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  33. Barry Smith (ed.) (1982). Parts and Moments: Studies in Logic and Formal Ontology. Philosophia Verlag.
    A collection of material on Husserl's Logical Investigations, and specifically on Husserl's formal theory of parts, wholes and dependence and its influence in ontology, logic and psychology. Includes translations of classic works by Adolf Reinach and Eugenie Ginsberg, as well as original contributions by Wolfgang Künne, Kevin Mulligan, Gilbert Null, Barry Smith, Peter M. Simons, Roger A. Simons and Dallas Willard. Documents work on Husserl's ontology arising out of early meetings of the Seminar for Austro-German Philosophy.
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  34. Barry Smith (1978). Frege and Husserl: The Ontology of Reference. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 9:111–125.
    Analytic philosophers apply the term ‘object’ both to concreta and to abstracta of certain kinds. The theory of objects which this implies is shown to rest on a dichotomy between object-entities on the one hand and meaning-entities on the other, and it is suggested that the most adequate account of the latter is provided by Husserl’s theory of noemata. A two-story ontology of objects and meanings (concepts, classes) is defended, and Löwenheim’s work on class-representatives is cited as an indication of (...)
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  35. Barry Smith & Kevin Mulligan (1982). Pieces of a Theory. In , Parts and Moments. Studies in Logic and Formal Ontology. Philosophia.
    A survey of theories of part, whole and dependence from Aristotle to the Gestalt psychologists, with special attention to Husserl’s Third Logical Investigation “On the Theory of Parts and Wholes”.
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  36. Barry Smith & David Murray (1981). Logic, Form and Matter. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 55:47 - 74.
    It is argued, on the basis of ideas derived from Wittgenstein's Tractatus and Husserl's Logical Investigations, that the formal comprehends more than the logical. More specifically: that there exist certain formal-ontological constants (part, whole, overlapping, etc.) which do not fall within the province of logic. A two-dimensional directly depicting language is developed for the representation of the constants of formal ontology, and means are provided for the extension of this language to enable the representation of certain materially necessary relations. The (...)
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  37. Barry Smith & David Woodruff Smith (eds.) (1995). The Cambridge Companion to Husserl. Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume explore the full range of Husserl's work and reveal just how systematic his philosophy is. There are treatments of his most important contributions to phenomenology, intentionality and the philosophy of mind, epistemology, the philosophy of language, ontology, and mathematics. An underlying theme of the volume is a resistance to the idea, current in much intellectual history, of a radical break between 'modern' and 'postmodern' philosophy, with Husserl as the last of the great Cartesians. Husserl is (...)
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  38. Gianfranco Soldati (1999). What is Formal in Husserl's Logical Investigations? European Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):330–338.
    It is sometimes said that questions of form are questions of logic or language. In his "Logical Investigations" Husserl, however, clearly distinguished formal ontology from formal grammar and formal logic. The article attempts to explain Husserl's notion of formal ontology. It investigates the relation between formal and material ontology as well as the relation between epistemic and metaphysical necessity. The article provides an interpretation of Husserl's claim that there are metaphysical necessities which are necessarily recognized by the human mind on (...)
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  39. Thomas Szanto (2012). Bewusstsein, Intentionalität und Mentale Repräsentation. Husserl und die Analytische Philosophie des Geistes. De Gruyter.
    Until now, a systematic new evaluation of transcendental phenomenology that gives due attention to the analytic philosophy of mind has been lacking, despite several recent studies in this area. With an emphasis on Husserl’s anti-representationalist theory of the intentionality of consciousness, the present study demonstrates phenomenology’s descriptive and explanatory potential and presents it as a serious interlocutor not only for the philosophy of mind and cognition but also for contemporary language philosophy and epistemology.
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  40. Genki Uemura (2010). The Ontology of Propositions in Husserl's Prolegomena. Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (9).
    L’ambition de cet article est de reformuler l’ontologie des propositions proposée par Husserl dans ses Prolegomena zur reinen Logik (1900). Dans cet ouvrage, Husserl affirme que les propositions, auxquelles a trait ce qu’il appelle la “logique pure”, sont des propriétés (des “species”) d’actes, mettons d’actes de jugement. En outre, il considère les propriétés comme circonscrivant toutes leurs instantiations possibles. Sur cette base, on comprend mieux en quel sens la réflexion de Husserl sur la nature de la logique dépend de son (...)
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  41. L. Van Eynde (1999). Husserl and the Genetic Reformulation of Mereology. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 61 (4):697-727.
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  42. Jonathan Webber (forthcoming). Sartre's Critique of Husserl. In Sofia Miguens Travis, Clara Morando & Gerhard Preyer (eds.), Prereflective Consciousness: Early Sartre in the Context of Contemporary Philosophy of Mind.
    Sartre provides no detailed definitive statement of his critical appropriation of Husserl’s method of phenomenology, making it unclear whether his scattered comments on Husserl and on phenomenology as a philosophical method amount to a coherent position. Having employed the phenomenological reduction in early works, for example, he argues in Being and Nothingness that it leads Husserl astray, yet continues to hold positions derived from its employment in those earlier works. His argument against Husserl’s theory of the transcendental ego seems to (...)
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  43. Einar Øverenget (1996). The Presence of Husserl's Theory of Wholes and Parts in Heidegger's Phenomenology. Research in Phenomenology 26 (1):171-197.