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Interlevel Metaphysics

Edited by Jessica Wilson (University of Toronto, University of Toronto at Scarborough)
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  1. Abhedānanda (1939). The Path of Realization. Calcutta, Ramakrishna Vedanta Math.
  2. David Albert & Alyssa Ney (eds.) (2013). The Wave Function: Essays in the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics. Oxford University Press Usa.
    This is a volume of original essays on the metaphysics of quantum mechanics. The essays address questions such as: What fundamental metaphysics is best motivated by quantum mechanics? What is the ontological status of the wave function? Does quantum mechanics support the existence of any other fundamental entities, e.g. particles? What is the nature of the fundamental space (or space-time manifold) of quantum mechanics? What is the relationship between the fundamental ontology of quantum mechanics and ordinary, macroscopic objects like tables, (...)
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  3. Ma Aziz-Alaoui & C. Bertelle (eds.) (2009). From System Complexity to Emergent Properties. Springer.
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  4. Ansgar Beckermann (2012). Property Identity and Reductive Explanation. In Hill Christopher & Gozzano Simone (eds.), New Perspectives on Type Identity: The Mental and the Physical. Cambridge University Press 66.
  5. Jose Benardete (1983). Power, Form, and Mind. Review of Metaphysics 37 (2):392-392.
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  6. John Berthrong (1993). Master Chu's Self-Realization: The Role of Ch'eng. Philosophy East and West 43 (1):39-64.
  7. Egbert Bos (2011). Terms, Properties Of. In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer 1250--1258.
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  8. George Botterill (2014). Without Hierarchy: The Scale Freedom of the Universe By Mariam Thalos. Analysis 74 (3):556-558.
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  9. Patrick Lyall Bourgeois (1982). Fundamental Ontology, Scientific Methods, and Epistemic Foundations. New Scholasticism 56 (4):471-479.
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  10. Shelley Budgeon (2003). Identity as an Embodied Event. Body and Society 9 (1):35-55.
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  11. Marc Champagne (2015). A Less Simplistic Metaphysics: Peirce’s Layered Theory of Meaning as a Layered Theory of Being. Sign Systems Studies 43 (4):523–552.
    This article builds on C. S. Peirce’s suggestive blueprint for an inclusive outlook that grants reality to his three categories. Moving away from the usual focus on (contentious) cosmological forces, I use a modal principle to partition various ontological layers: regular sign-action (like coded language) subsumes actual sign-action (like here-and-now events) which in turn subsumes possible sign-action (like qualities related to whatever would be similar to them). Once we realize that the triadic sign’s components are each answerable to this asymmetric (...)
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  12. D. S. Clarke (2009). Reductionism and Discourse Relativity. Philo 12 (1):61-72.
    This paper is an interpretation and defense of Putnam’s claim that reductionist sentences identifying experiences with physical events or processes are meaningless. Discourses are formulated within frameworks that are characterized by their methods of justification, types of term introduction, and vocabularies. Examples of both meaningful intra-framework and meaningless cross-framework identities are considered, along with examples of theoretical identities across sub-frameworks. In agreement with Putnam, mental/physical identities are classified as cross-framework. But I qualify Putnam’s thesis by arguing that they can be (...)
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  13. Timothy O' Connor (1994). Emergent Properties. American Philosophical Quarterly 31:91.
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  14. C. F. Craver (2004). A Field Guide to Levels. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 77 (3):121.
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  15. Cynthia & Graham Macdonald (2007). Beyond Program Explanation. In Geoffrey Brennan, Robert Goodin, Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), Common Minds: Themes From the Philosophy of Philip Pettit. Clarendon Press
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  16. Donald Davidson (1974). Replies to David Lewis and W.V. Quine. Synthese 27 (3-4):345 - 349.
  17. P. C. W. Davies (2004). Emergent Biological Principles and the Computational Properties of the Universe: Explaining It or Explaining It Away. Complexity 10 (2):11-15.
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  18. Terence Deacon (2007). Three Levels of Emergent Phenomena. In Nancey C. Murphy & William R. Stoeger (eds.), Evolution and Emergence: Systems, Organisms, Persons. Oxford University Press 88--110.
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  19. Georges Dreyfus, Bronwyn Finnigan, Jay Garfield, Guy Newland, Graham Priest, Mark Siderits, Koji Tanaka, Sonam Thakchoe, Tom Tillemans & Jan Westerhoff (eds.) (2011). Moonshadows. Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    The doctrine of the two truths--a conventional truth and an ultimate truth--is central to Buddhist metaphysics and epistemology. The two truths (or two realities), the distinction between them, and the relation between them is understood variously in different Buddhist schools and is of special importance to the Madhyamaka school. The fundamental ideas are articulated with particular force by Nagarjuna (2nd--3rd century CE) who famously claims that the two truths are identical to one another, and yet distinct. One of the most (...)
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  20. W. G. E. (1963). Law and Organization in World Society. Review of Metaphysics 16 (4):799-799.
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  21. Charbel Nino El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (2000). Higher-Level Descriptions: Why Should We Preserve Them. In P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. University of Aarhus Press
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  22. Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modes of Irreductibility of Emergent Properties. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.
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  23. Kit Fine (2011). An Abstract Characterization of the Determinate/Determinable Distinction. Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):161-187.
  24. Nicolai Foss (2010). Causal and Constitutive Relations, and the Squaring of Coleman's Diagram: Reply to Vromen. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 73 (3):385-391.
    We respond to Jack Vromen’s (this issue) critique of our discussion of the missing micro-foundations of work on routines and capabilities in economics and management research. Contrary to Vromen, we argue that (1) inter-level relations can be causal, and that inter-level causal relations may also obtain between routines and actions and interactions; (2) there are no macro-level causal mechanisms; and (3) on certain readings of the notion of routines and capabilities, these may be macro causes.
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  25. A. Campbell Garnett (1943). Phenomenological Ethics and Self-Realization. Ethics 53 (3):159-172.
  26. Steve Gerrard (1991). Two Ways of Grounding Meaning. Philosophical Investigations 14 (2):95-114.
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  27. Michael Gorman (1995). Logical and Metaphysical Form. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 69:217-226.
    Metaphysicians have not always been sufficiently attentive to the problem of dependence. Those who have paid attention to it have disagreed over what depends on what: do minds depend on brains, or vice versa? accidents on substances? creatures on God? Even less attention, however, has been paid to the question of what dependence actually is; usually, some answer to this question is taken for granted, and consideration is given only to the subsequent questions of which things depend on which. The (...)
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  28. Bengt Hansson (2006). Why Explanations? Fundamental, and Less Fundamental Ways of Understanding the World. Theoria 72 (1):23-59.
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  29. Carl G. Hedman (1970). On Correlating Brain States with Psychological States. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 48 (August):247-51.
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  30. H. Hochberg (2013). Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics, by D. M. Armstrong. Mind 122 (485):245-249.
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  31. Terence E. Horgan (2002). Themes in My Philosophical Work. In Johannes L. Brandl (ed.), Essays on the Philosophy of Terence Horgan. Atlanta: Rodopi 1-26.
    I invoked the notion of supervenience in my doctoral disseration, Microreduction and the Mind-Body Problem, completed at the University of Michigan in 1974 under the direction of Jaegwon Kim. I had been struck by the appeal to supervenience in Hare (1952), a classic work in twentieth century metaethics that I studied at Michigan in a course on metaethics taught by William Frankena; and I also had been struck by the brief appeal to supervenience in Davidson (1970). Kim was already, in (...)
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  32. Radmarz Hosseinie & Mojtaba Mahzoon (2011). Irreducibility and Emergence in Complex Systems and the Quest for Alternative Insights. Complexity 17 (2):10-18.
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  33. J. Scott Jordan & Marcello Ghin (2006). Consciousness as a Contextually Emergent Property of Self-Sustaining Systems. Mind and Matter 4 (1):45-68.
    The concept of contextual emergence has been introduced as a speci?c kind of emergence in which some, but not all of the conditions for a higher-level phenomenon exist at a lower level. Further conditions exist in contingent contexts that provide stability conditions at the lower level, which in turn accord the emergence of novelty at the higher level. The purpose of the present paper is to propose that consciousness is a contextually emergent property of self-sustaining systems. The core assumption is (...)
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  34. Jaegwon Kim (1995). Reduction and Properties: Response to Merricks. Philosophical Books 36 (3):161-164.
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  35. Jaegwon Kim (1994). Explanatory Knowledge and Metaphysical Dependence. Philosophical Issues 5:51-69.
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  36. François Laruelle (2000). Identity and Event. Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy, Parallel Processes 9:174-189.
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  37. M. Martin (1991). John Heil, Ed., Cause, Mind and Reality: Essays Honoring C.B. Martin. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 11:104-106.
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  38. M. G. F. Martin (1991). John Heil, Ed., Cause, Mind and Reality: Essays Honoring CB Martin Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (2):104-106.
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  39. Pavel Materna & Petr Kolár (1993). On the Nature of Facts. In Werner Stelzner (ed.), Philosophie Und Logik: Frege-Kolloquien 1989 Und 1991. De Gruyter 77-96.
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  40. Kelvin J. McQueen (2015). Mass Additivity and a Priori Entailment. Synthese 192 (5):1373-1392.
    The principle of mass additivity states that the mass of a composite object is the sum of the masses of its elementary components. Mass additivity is true in Newtonian mechanics but false in special relativity. Physicists have explained why mass additivity is true in Newtonian mechanics by reducing it to Newton’s microphysical laws. This reductive explanation does not fit well with deducibility theories of reductive explanation such as the modern Nagelian theory of reduction, and the a priori entailment theory of (...)
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  41. Wilson Mendonça (2004). Explicação E Causação. Abstracta 1 (1):2-22.
    The paper argues against the current view according to which there is a clear dichotomy between causation and explanation. The first is usually conceived as an extensional relation connecting particulars individuated non-intentionally, while the second would concern only rational, intensional links between true propositions (facts). Close examination of the particularistic strategy employed to account for the way causal explanation depends ontologically on causation shows that it fails in at least two cases: (i) explanations involving negative facts and (ii) explanations by (...)
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  42. Bo Mou (2007). Thesis Concerning “True”. In Geo Siegwart & Dirk Griemann (eds.), Truth and Speech Acts: Studies in the Philosophy of Language. Routledge 5--178.
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  43. C. Ulises Moulines (2006). Ontology, Reduction, Emergence: A General Frame. Synthese 151 (3):313-323.
    In a scientific context, ontological commitments should be considered as supervenient over accepted scientific theories. This implies that the primarily ontological notions of reduction and emergence of entities of different kinds should be reformulated in terms of relations between existing empirical theories. For this, in turn, it is most convenient to employ a model-theoretic view of scientific theories: the identity criterion of a scientific theory is essentially given by a class of models. Accordingly, reduction and emergence are to be seen (...)
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  44. Friedemann Pulvermuller (2008). Grounding Language in the Brain. In Manuel de Vega, Arthur Glenberg & Arthur Graesser (eds.), Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on Meaning and Cognition. OUP Oxford
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  45. H. K. R. (1970). General Investigations Concerning the Analysis of Concepts and Truths. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):559-560.
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  46. Hans Radder, The Material Realization of Science.
  47. Sandra B. Rosenthal (2005). The Ontological Grounding of Diversity: A Pragmatic Overview. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 19 (2):107-119.
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  48. Gerhard Roth & Helmut Schwegler (1990). Self-Organization, Emergent Properties and the Unity of the World. Philosophica 46.
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  49. Gregory Sheridan (1986). Putnam's New Identity Theory. Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 11.
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  50. Leo Simons (1962). The Reduction of Temperature. Journal of Philosophy 59 (14):365-370.
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