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Interlevel Metaphysics

Edited by Jessica Wilson (University of Toronto, University of Toronto at Scarborough)
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  1. Abhedānanda (1939). The Path of Realization. Calcutta, Ramakrishna Vedanta Math.
  2. Ansgar Beckermann (2012). Property Identity and Reductive Explanation. In Hill Christopher & Gozzano Simone (eds.), New Perspectives on Type Identity: The Mental and the Physical. Cambridge University Press. 66.
  3. John Berthrong (1993). Master Chu's Self-Realization: The Role of Ch'eng. Philosophy East and West 43 (1):39-64.
  4. Egbert Bos (2011). Terms, Properties Of. In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. 1250--1258.
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  5. Shelley Budgeon (2003). Identity as an Embodied Event. Body and Society 9 (1):35-55.
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  6. C. F. Craver (2004). A Field Guide to Levels. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 77 (3):121.
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  7. P. C. W. Davies (2004). Emergent Biological Principles and the Computational Properties of the Universe: Explaining It or Explaining It Away. Complexity 10 (2):11-15.
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  8. Terence Deacon (2007). Three Levels of Emergent Phenomena. In Nancey C. Murphy & William R. Stoeger (eds.), Evolution and Emergence: Systems, Organisms, Persons. Oxford University Press. 88--110.
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  9. W. G. E. (1963). Law and Organization in World Society. Review of Metaphysics 16 (4):799-799.
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  10. Charbel Nino El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (2000). Higher-Level Descriptions: Why Should We Preserve Them. In P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. University of Aarhus Press.
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  11. Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modes of Irreductibility of Emergent Properties. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.
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  12. Jeff Engelhardt (forthcoming). Emergent Substances, Physical Properties, Action Explanations. Erkenntnis:1-22.
    This paper proposes that if individual X ‘inherits’ property F from individual Y, we should be leery of explanations that appeal to X’s being F. This bears on what I’ll call “emergent substance dualism”, the view that human persons or selves are metaphysically fundamental or “new kinds of things with new kinds of causal powers” even though they depend in some sense on physical particulars :5–23, 2006; Personal agency. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008). Two of the most prominent advocates of (...)
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  13. Kit Fine (2011). An Abstract Characterization of the Determinate/Determinable Distinction. Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):161-187.
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  14. A. Campbell Garnett (1943). Phenomenological Ethics and Self-Realization. Ethics 53 (3):159-172.
  15. Steve Gerrard (1991). Two Ways of Grounding Meaning. Philosophical Investigations 14 (2):95-114.
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  16. Morris Goldman (1969). Takes Issue with Facts. BioScience 19 (4):299-299.
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  17. Carl G. Hedman (1970). On Correlating Brain States with Psychological States. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 48 (August):247-51.
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  18. H. Hochberg (2013). Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics, by D. M. Armstrong. Mind 122 (485):245-249.
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  19. Terence E. Horgan (2002). Themes in My Philosophical Work. In Johannes L. Brandl (ed.), Essays on the Philosophy of Terence Horgan. Atlanta: Rodopi. 1-26.
    I invoked the notion of supervenience in my doctoral disseration, Microreduction and the Mind-Body Problem, completed at the University of Michigan in 1974 under the direction of Jaegwon Kim. I had been struck by the appeal to supervenience in Hare (1952), a classic work in twentieth century metaethics that I studied at Michigan in a course on metaethics taught by William Frankena; and I also had been struck by the brief appeal to supervenience in Davidson (1970). Kim was already, in (...)
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  20. Radmarz Hosseinie & Mojtaba Mahzoon (2011). Irreducibility and Emergence in Complex Systems and the Quest for Alternative Insights. Complexity 17 (2):10-18.
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  21. J. Scott Jordan & Marcello Ghin (2006). Consciousness as a Contextually Emergent Property of Self-Sustaining Systems. Mind and Matter 4 (1):45-68.
    The concept of contextual emergence has been introduced as a speci?c kind of emergence in which some, but not all of the conditions for a higher-level phenomenon exist at a lower level. Further conditions exist in contingent contexts that provide stability conditions at the lower level, which in turn accord the emergence of novelty at the higher level. The purpose of the present paper is to propose that consciousness is a contextually emergent property of self-sustaining systems. The core assumption is (...)
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  22. Jaegwon Kim (1995). Reduction and Properties: Response to Merricks. Philosophical Books 36 (3):161-164.
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  23. François Laruelle (2000). Identity and Event. Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy, Parallel Processes 9:174-189.
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  24. M. G. F. Martin (1991). John Heil, Ed., Cause, Mind and Reality: Essays Honoring CB Martin Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 11 (2):104-106.
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  25. Kelvin J. McQueen (forthcoming). Mass Additivity and a Priori Entailment. Synthese:1-20.
    The principle of mass additivity states that the mass of a composite object is the sum of the masses of its elementary components. Mass additivity is true in Newtonian mechanics but false in special relativity. Physicists have explained why mass additivity is true in Newtonian mechanics by reducing it to Newton’s microphysical laws. This reductive explanation does not fit well with deducibility theories of reductive explanation such as the modern Nagelian theory of reduction, and the a priori entailment theory of (...)
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  26. Wilson Mendonça (2004). Explicação E Causação. Abstracta 1 (1):2-22.
    The paper argues against the current view according to which there is a clear dichotomy between causation and explanation. The first is usually conceived as an extensional relation connecting particulars individuated non-intentionally, while the second would concern only rational, intensional links between true propositions (facts). Close examination of the particularistic strategy employed to account for the way causal explanation depends ontologically on causation shows that it fails in at least two cases: (i) explanations involving negative facts and (ii) explanations by (...)
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  27. Bo Mou (2007). Thesis Concerning “True”. In Geo Siegwart & Dirk Griemann (eds.), Truth and Speech Acts: Studies in the Philosophy of Language. Routledge. 5--178.
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  28. C. Ulises Moulines (2006). Ontology, Reduction, Emergence: A General Frame. Synthese 151 (3):313-323.
    In a scientific context, ontological commitments should be considered as supervenient over accepted scientific theories. This implies that the primarily ontological notions of reduction and emergence of entities of different kinds should be reformulated in terms of relations between existing empirical theories. For this, in turn, it is most convenient to employ a model-theoretic view of scientific theories: the identity criterion of a scientific theory is essentially given by a class of models. Accordingly, reduction and emergence are to be seen (...)
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  29. Thomas Polger & Lawrence Shapiro (2008). Comments and Criticism: Understanding the Dimensions of Realization. Journal of Philosophy 105:213-22.
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  30. Friedemann Pulvermuller (2008). Grounding Language in the Brain. In Manuel de Vega, Arthur Glenberg & Arthur Graesser (eds.), Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on Meaning and Cognition. Oup Oxford.
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  31. H. K. R. (1970). General Investigations Concerning the Analysis of Concepts and Truths. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):559-560.
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  32. Hans Radder, The Material Realization of Science.
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  33. Sandra B. Rosenthal (2005). The Ontological Grounding of Diversity: A Pragmatic Overview. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 19 (2):107-119.
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  34. Gerhard Roth & Helmut Schwegler (1990). Self-Organization, Emergent Properties and the Unity of the World. Philosophica 46.
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  35. Leo Simons (1962). The Reduction of Temperature. Journal of Philosophy 59 (14):365-370.
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  36. Vicente Talanquer (2008). Students' Predictions About the Sensory Properties of Chemical Compounds: Additive Versus Emergent Frameworks. Science Education 92 (1):96-114.
  37. Elizabeth Telfer (1972). Education and Self-Realization. Journal of Philosophy of Education 6 (2):216–234.
  38. Manley H. Thompson Jr (1941). Reduction Sentences and Metaphysics. Philosophical Review 50 (6):610-615.
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  39. Garrett Thomson (2005). Fundamental Needs. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 80 (57):175-.
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  40. M. Timur (1955). Better as the Value-Fundamental. Mind 64 (253):52-60.
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  41. Samo Tomsic (2010). The Body-Event. Filozofski Vestnik 31 (1):161 - +.
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  42. Peter van Inwagen (forthcoming). Dispensing with Ontological Levels: An Illustration. Disputatio.
    Inwagen, Peter van_Dispensing with Ontological Levels.
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  43. Irini Fotini Viltanioti (2012). Powers as the Fundamental Entities in Philolaus' Ontology. Journal of Ancient Philosophy 6 (2).
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  44. Irini–Fotini Viltanioti (2012). Powers as the Fundamental Entities in Philolaus' Ontology. Journal of Ancient Philosophy 6 (2):1 - 31.
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  45. J. R. G. Williams (2010). Fundamental and Derivative Truths. Mind 119 (473):103 - 141.
    This article investigates the claim that some truths are fundamentally or really true — and that other truths are not. Such a distinction can help us reconcile radically minimal metaphysical views with the verities of common sense. I develop an understanding of the distinction whereby Fundamentality is not itself a metaphysical distinction, but rather a device that must be presupposed to express metaphysical distinctions. Drawing on recent work by Rayo on anti-Quinean theories of ontological commitments, I formulate a rigourous theory (...)
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