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  1. Abhedānanda (1939). The Path of Realization. Calcutta, Ramakrishna Vedanta Math.
  2. Michael Andres, Samuel Di Luca & Mauro Pesenti (2008). Finger Counting: The Missing Tool? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):642-643.
    Rips et al. claim that the principles underlying the structure of natural numbers cannot be inferred from interactions with the physical world. However, in their target article they failed to consider an important source of interaction: finger counting. Here, we show that finger counting satisfies all the conditions required for allowing the concept of numbers to emerge from sensorimotor experience through a bottom-up process.
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  3. Jose M. Badia, Peter Benner, Rafael Mayo & Enrique S. Quintana-Orti (2006). Minisymposia-IV Substructuring, Dimension Reduction and Applications-Parallel Algorithms for Balanced Truncation Model Reduction of Sparse Systems. In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer-Verlag. 267-275.
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  4. Arabinda Basu (forthcoming). Spiritual Experiences and Integral Realization. Journal of Dharma.
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  5. Ansgar Beckermann (2012). Property Identity and Reductive Explanation. In Hill Christopher & Gozzano Simone (eds.), New Perspectives on Type Identity: The Mental and the Physical. Cambridge University Press. 66.
  6. John Berthrong (1993). Master Chu's Self-Realization: The Role of Ch'eng. Philosophy East and West 43 (1):39-64.
  7. Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2003). A Theory of Granular Partitions. In Foundations of Geographic Information Science. Taylor & Francis.
    We have a variety of different ways of dividing up, classifying, mapping, sorting and listing the objects in reality. The theory of granular partitions presented here seeks to provide a general and unified basis for understanding such phenomena in formal terms that is more realistic than existing alternatives. Our theory has two orthogonal parts: the first is a theory of classification; it provides an account of partitions as cells and subcells; the second is a theory of reference or intentionality; it (...)
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  8. Patrick Brézillon (2005). Task-Realization Models in Contextual Graphs. In B. Kokinov A. Dey (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. 55--68.
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  9. Cameron Buckner (2013). A Property Cluster Theory of Cognition. Philosophical Psychology (3):1-30.
    Our prominent definitions of cognition are too vague and lack empirical grounding. They have not kept up with recent developments, and cannot bear the weight placed on them across many different debates. I here articulate and defend a more adequate theory. On this theory, behaviors under the control of cognition tend to display a cluster of characteristic properties, a cluster which tends to be absent from behaviors produced by non-cognitive processes. This cluster is reverse-engineered from the empirical tests that comparative (...)
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  10. Luigi Burigana & Francesco Martino (2012). On the Meaning of Statements in Psychophysics Characterizing Conditional Indeterminacy of Percepts. Philosophical Psychology 26 (2):234 - 262.
    (2013). On the meaning of statements in psychophysics characterizing conditional indeterminacy of percepts. Philosophical Psychology: Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 234-262. doi: 10.1080/09515089.2012.663715.
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  11. Michael Byron (forthcoming). Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction. Disputatio.
    Byron_Right-Making, Reference, and Reduction.
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  12. John W. Carroll (1991). Property-Level Causation? Philosophical Studies 63 (3):245 - 270.
  13. Peter Carruthers (2010). Reductive Explanation and The. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (2):153-173.
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  14. John Britto Chethimattam (1977). Meditation: A Discriminating Realization. Journal of Dharma 2:164-172.
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  15. M. L. Dalla Chiara & G. Toraldo Francia (1974). Is Self-Reduction Paradoxical? Studia Logica 33 (4):345 - 348.
  16. Donald Davidson (1992). Thinking Causes. In John Heil & Alfred R. Mele (eds.), Mental Causation. Oxford University Press. 1993--3.
  17. David DeMoss (2003). Connectionist Agency. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (2):9-15.
    Any mind-brain theory eventually will have to deal with agency. I do not claim that no other theory could do this successfully. I do claim that connectionism is able to handle some key features of agency. First, I will offer a brief account of connectionism and the advantages of using it to account for human agency, comparing and contrasting connectionism with two other mind-brain accounts in cognitive science, symbolicism and dynamicism. Then, since a connectionist account of agency depends on a (...)
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  18. Natalie Depraz, Francisco J. Varela & Pierre Vermersch (2000). La réduction a l'épreuve de l'expérience. Études Phénoménologiques 16 (31-32):165-184.
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  19. Tsung-I. Dow (1978). Creativity as the Self-Realization of Man's Potential — the Supreme Value of Man. Dialectics and Humanism 5 (4):33-41.
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  20. Robert A. Duff (1899). Can There Be a Moral Realization of an Individual Self?: Reply. International Journal of Ethics 9 (2):231-232.
  21. Markus I. Eronen (2013). No Levels, No Problems: Downward Causation in Neuroscience. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):1042-1052.
    I show that the recent account of levels in neuroscience proposed by Craver and Bechtel is unsatisfactory since it fails to provide a plausible criterion for being at the same level and is incompatible with Craver and Bechtel’s account of downward causation. Furthermore, I argue that no distinct notion of levels is needed for analyzing explanations and causal issues in neuroscience: it is better to rely on more well-defined notions such as composition and scale. One outcome of this is that (...)
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  22. Kit Fine (2005). The Reduction of Possiblia. In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oup Oxford.
  23. Ronald A. Finke (1996). Imagery, Creativity, and Emergent Structure. Consciousness and Cognition 5 (3):381-393.
    Recent advances in the field of creative cognition have helped to reveal the cognitive structures and processes that are involved in creative thinking and imagination. This article begins by reviewing recent studies of creative imagery that have explored the emergent properties of mental images. The geneplore model of creative cognition, which describes how preinventive structures such as creative mental images are generated and interpreted, is then discussed. In discussing this model and its implications, a distinction is made between aspects of (...)
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  24. Paul M. Fitts & Irving Biederman (1965). S-R Compatibility and Information Reduction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (4):408.
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  25. Peter S. Fosl (2004). The Conceptual Carvery: A Token of the Type “Clear Explanation”? The Philosophers' Magazine 28:86-86.
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  26. Tim Fuller & Richard Samuels (2014). Scientific Inference and Ordinary Cognition: Fodor on Holism and Cognitive Architecture. Mind and Language 29 (2):201-237.
    Do accounts of scientific theory formation and revision have implications for theories of everyday cognition? We maintain that failing to distinguish between importantly different types of theories of scientific inference has led to fundamental misunderstandings of the relationship between science and everyday cognition. In this article, we focus on one influential manifestation of this phenomenon which is found in Fodor's well-known critique of theories of cognitive architecture. We argue that in developing his critique, Fodor confounds a variety of distinct claims (...)
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  27. A. Campbell Garnett (1943). Phenomenological Ethics and Self-Realization. Ethics 53 (3):159-172.
  28. A. Campbell Garnett (1941). Deontology and Self-Realization. Ethics 51 (4):419-438.
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  29. Herbert E. Hendry (1969). On Reduction. Philosophical Studies 20 (1-2):18 - 19.
  30. Mark L. Howe, Mary L. Courage & Carole Peterson (1994). How Can I Remember When "I" Wasn′T There: Long-Term Retention of Traumatic Experiences and Emergence of the Cognitive Self. Consciousness and Cognition 3 (3-4):327-355.
    In this article, we focus on two issues, namely, the nature and onset of very early personal memories, especially for traumatic events, and the role of stress in long-term retention. We begin by outlining a theory of early autobiographical memory, one whose unfolding is coincident with emergence of the cognitive self. It is argued that it is not until this self emerges that personal memories will remain viable over extended periods of time. We illustrate this with 25 cases of young (...)
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  31. Malcolm Jeeves (2010). The Emergence of Human Distinctiveness : The Story From Neuropsychology and Evolutionary Psychology. In Malcolm A. Jeeves (ed.), Rethinking Human Nature: A Multidisciplinary Approach. William B. Eerdmans Pub. Company.
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  32. H. Barkow Jerome (2006). Vertical/Compatible Integration Versus Analogizing with Biology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4).
  33. John G. Kemeny & Paul Oppenheim (1956). On Reduction. Philosophical Studies 7 (1-2):6 - 19.
  34. Jaegwon Kim (2000). L'émergence, les modèles de réduction et le mental. Philosophiques 27 (1):11-26.
    Une des doctrines centrales de l’émergentisme est la thèse selon laquelle certaines propriétés d’un tout sont émergentes, en ce sens qu’elles sont irréductibles aux propriétés de base dont elles émergent — c’est-à-dire qu’elles ne peuvent ni être prédites, ni être expliquées à partir de leurs conditions sousjacentes. Pour comprendre et évaluer cette thèse correctement, il est essentiel que nous disposions d’un concept adéquat de réduction. Nous examinons d’abord le modèle classique de la réduction interthéorique de Nagel, et nous soutenons qu’il (...)
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  35. Max Kistler (2005). Réduction «Rôle-Occupant», Réduction «Micro-Macro» Et Explication Réductrice a Priori. Dialogue 44 (2):225-248.
    Selon une thése importante, il est en principe possible de déduire de manière a priori la plupart des vérités macroscopiques d’une (hypothétique) description complète du monde en termes microphysiques P, et donc de construire des explications réductrices a priori. Contre cette thèse, je montre que l’explication réductrice requiert des informations sur les phénomènes à réduire qui ne peuvent pas être extraites a priori des seules informations microphysiques. De telles réductions ont deux parties : une «reductionRO» («role-occupant») établit qu’une macropropriété M (...)
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  36. Max Kistler (2000). Réduction fonctionnelle et réduction logique. Philosophiques 27 (1):27-38.
    Kim attribue aux émergentistes un modèle de « réduction logique » dans lequel la prédiction ou l’explication d’une occurrence de la propriété réduite ne requiert, outre des informations sur le niveau réducteur, que des principes logiques et mathématiques. Sur la base de cette interprétation, je conteste deux thèses de Kim. La première concerne la légitimité du modèle émergentiste de réduction. J’essaie de montrer, à l’aide de l’exemple de l’addition des masses, que l’adoption de la réduction logique rendrait irréductibles certaines propriétés (...)
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  37. Patricia Kitcher (1982). Genetics, Reduction and Functional Psychology. Philosophy of Science 49 (4):633-636.
  38. Colin Klein (2009). Reduction Without Reductionism: A Defence of Nagel on Connectability. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234):39 - 53.
    Unlike the overall framework of Ernest Nagel's work on reduction, his theory of intertheoretic connection still has life in it. It handles aptly cases where reduction requires complex representation of a target domain. Abandoning his formulation as too liberal was a mistake. Arguments that it is too liberal at best touch only Nagel's deductivist theory of explanation, not his condition of connectability. Taking this condition seriously gives a powerful view of reduction, but one which requires us to index explanatory power (...)
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  39. Igor Knez (2012). Place and the Self: An Autobiographical Memory Synthesis. Philosophical Psychology (2):1-29.
    In this article, I argue that the relationship between place and self can be accounted for by recent theoretical work on autobiographical memory. The link between place and self is conceptualized as a transitory mental representation that emerges as a “place of mine” (personal autobiographical experience) from a “place” (declarative knowledge). The function of “place of mine” is to guide personal memory and self-knowing consciousness of periods of our lives. I combine inquiries of memory, self, and place in a triadic (...)
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  40. David M. Knight (1966). Reduction in Physiology. History of Science 5:134.
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  41. Joanna Komorowska-Mach (2010). Emergencja – podręcznik dla mało opornych. Filozofia Nauki 4.
    The review tries to summarize the main topics covered by the book "Między redukcją a emergencją" by Robert Poczobut and also to highlight certain points that might be controversial to the philosophically-oriented reader. In particular, Poczobut's methodological claims regarding the boundary between natural sciences and philosophy of mind are brought under scrutiny. While the book presents a broad range of views on matters regarding emergence and reduction, especially with respect to the psychophysical problem, it remains to be proven that the (...)
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  42. S. S. Laurie (1894). Reflexions Suggested by Psychophysical Materialism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 (9):56-76.
  43. Charles Lenay, John Stewart, Marieke Rohde & Amal Ali Amar (2012). You Never Fail to Surprise Me: The Hallmark of the Other: Experimental Study and Simulations of Perceptual Crossing. Interaction Studies 12 (3):373-396.
    Classically, the question of recognizing another subject is posed unilaterally, in terms of the observed behaviour of the other entity. Here, we propose an alternative, based on the emergent patterns of activity resulting from the interaction of both partners. We employ a minimalist device which forces the subjects to externalize their perceptual activity as trajectories which can be observed and recorded; the results show that subjects do identify the situation of perceptual crossing with their partner. The interpretation of the results (...)
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  44. Joseph Levine, Comments on Melnyk's A Physicalist Manifesto.
  45. Peter Lipton (1980). Concepts of Reduction in Physical Science. International Studies in Philosophy 12 (1):92-93.
  46. Barry Loewer (2009). Why is There Anything Except Physics? Synthese 170 (2):217 - 233.
    In the course of defending his view of the relation between the special sciences and physics from Jaegwon Kim’s objections Jerry Fodor asks “So then, why is there anything except physics?” By which he seems to mean to ask if physics is fundamental and complete in its domain how can there be autonomous special science laws. Fodor wavers between epistemological and metaphysical understandings of the autonomy of the special sciences. In my paper I draw out the metaphysical construal of his (...)
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  47. Yuval Lurie (1979). Correlating Brain States with Psychological Phenomena. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (2):135 – 144.
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  48. Ifat Maoz (2012). The Dangers of Prejudice Reduction Interventions: Empirical Evidence From Encounters Between Jews and Arabs in Israel. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):31-32.
    This commentary focuses on Dixon et al.'s discussion on the dangers of employing prejudice-reduction interventions that seek to promote intergroup harmony in historically unequal societies. Specifically, it illustrates these dangers by discussing my work in Israel (now mentioned in Dixon et al.'s note 6) on the processes and practices through which reconciliation-aimed encounters between Jews and Arabs mitigate sociopolitical change.
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  49. Ken Marten & Suchi Psarakos (1995). Summary of "Evidence of Self-Awareness in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops Truncatus)". Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):225-.
  50. Kelvin J. McQueen (forthcoming). Mass Additivity and a Priori Entailment. Synthese:1-20.
    The principle of mass additivity states that the mass of a composite object is the sum of the masses of its elementary components. Mass additivity is true in Newtonian mechanics but false in special relativity. Physicists have explained why mass additivity is true in Newtonian mechanics by reducing it to Newton’s microphysical laws. This reductive explanation does not fit well with deducibility theories of reductive explanation such as the modern Nagelian theory of reduction, and the a priori entailment theory of (...)
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