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  1. Francis Kofi Abiew (2010). Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: Redefining a Role for “Kind-Hearted Gunmen”. Criminal Justice Ethics 29 (2):93-109.
  2. Mireille Affa'A. Mindzie (2010). Intervention and Protection in African Crisis Situations: Evolution and Ethical Challenges. Criminal Justice Ethics 29 (2):174-193.
  3. Mireille Affa'A. Mindzie (2010). Intervention and Protection in African Crisis Situations: Evolution and Ethical Challenges. Criminal Justice Ethics 29 (2):174-193.
  4. Kwame Akonor (2010). Assessing the African Union's Right of Humanitarian Intervention. Criminal Justice Ethics 29 (2):157-173.
  5. Yann Allard-Tremblay (2015). Human Rights, Specification and Communities of Inquiry. Global Constitutionalism 4 (2): 254-287.
    This paper offers a revised political conception of human rights informed by legal pluralism and epistemic considerations. In the first part, I present the political conception of human rights. I then argue for four desiderata that such a conception should meet to be functionally applicable. In the rest of the first section and in the second section, I explain how abstract human rights norms and the practice of specification prevent the political conception from meeting these four desiderata. In the last (...)
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  6. Douglas I. O. Anele (2010). Western Technical Civilization and Regional Cultures in Nigeria. Cultura 7 (2):38-53.
    This paper examines the impact of the introduction of Western (European) technical civilization on regional cultures in Nigeria, using Igboland in South-EasternNigeria as a test case. It begins with a discussion of some general features of Western technical civilization whose evolution has been profoundly influenced by technological advances in Europe and her cultural colonies in North America and elsewhere. Consequences of the contact between Western technical civilization and traditional Igbo culture are also examined. The paper concludes by discussing the challenging (...)
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  7. Luís Frederico Antunes (2007). À Margem da escritaOn the Edge of Writing: Communication Between Indian Merchant and Portuguese Authorities in East Africa. Cultura:75-88.
  8. Daniele Archibugi & David Chandler (2009). A Dialogue on International Interventions: When Are They a Right or an Obligation? Ethics and Global Politics 2 (2):155-169.
    Edited by Nieves Zúñiga García-Falces. In 15 years, the international community has been blamed for resorting too easily to the use of force on some occasions (Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo), and also it has been blamed for intervening too late or not at all in other crises (Rwanda, Bosnia and today Sudan and Congo). Even today, one of the most contested questions of international politics is the legitimacy for the use of force. David Chandler, Professor of International Relations at the University (...)
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  9. Marcus Arvan (2009). In Defense of Discretionary Association Theories of Political Legitimacy: Reply to Buchanan. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy.
    Allen Buchanan has argued that a widely defended view of the nature of the state – the view that the state is a discretionary association for the mutual advantage of its members – must be rejected because it cannot adequately account for moral requirements of humanitarian intervention. This paper argues that Buchanan’s objection is unsuccessful,and moreover, that discretionary association theories can preserve an important distinction that Buchanan’s alternative approach to political legitimacy cannot: the distinction between “internal” legitimacy (a state’s ability (...)
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  10. Michael Baumgartner (2013). Rendering Interventionism and Non‐Reductive Physicalism Compatible. Dialectica 67 (1):1-27.
    In recent years, the debate on the problem of causal exclusion has seen an ‘interventionist turn’. Numerous non-reductive physicalists (e.g. Shapiro and Sober 2007) have argued that Woodward's (2003) interventionist theory of causation provides a means to empirically establish the existence of non-reducible mental-to-physical causation. By contrast, Baumgartner (2010) has presented an interventionist exclusion argument showing that interventionism is in fact incompatible with non-reductive physicalism. In response, a number of revised versions of interventionism have been suggested that are compatible with (...)
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  11. Endre Begby (forthcoming). A Role for Coercive Force in the Theory of Global Justice? In Thom Brooks (ed.), New Waves in Gobal Justice. Palgrave-MacMillan
  12. Endre Begby (2010). Rawlsian Compromises in Peacebuilding? Response to Agafonow. Public Reason 2 (2):51-60.
    This paper responds to recent criticism from Alejandro Agafonow. In section I, I argue that the dilemma that Agafonow points to – while real – is in no way unique to liberal peacebuilding. Rather, it arises with respect to any foreign involvement in post-conflict reconstruction. I argue further that Agafonow’s proposal for handling this dilemma suffers from several shortcomings: first, it provides no sense of the magnitude and severity of the “oppressive practices” that peacebuilders should be willing to institutionalize. Second, (...)
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  13. Endre Begby & J. Peter Burgess (2009). Human Security and Liberal Peace. Public Reason 1 (1):91-104.
    This paper addresses a recent wave of criticisms of liberal peacebuilding operations. We decompose the critics’ argument into two steps, one which offers a diagnosis of what goes wrong when things go wrong in peacebuilding operations, and a second, which argues on the basis of the first step that there is some deep principled flaw in the very idea of liberal peacebuilding. We show that the criticism launched in the argument’s first step is valid and important, but that the second (...)
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  14. Charles R. Beitz (1980). Nonintervention and Communal Integrity. Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (4):385-391.
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  15. Michael Blake (2007). Toleration and Theocracy: How Liberal States Should Think About Religious States. Journal of International Affairs 61 (1):1-17.
  16. Thom Brooks (ed.) (2012). Just War Theory. Brill.
    Just War Theory raises some of the most pressing and important philosophical issues of our day. This book brings together some of the most important essays in this area written by leading scholars and offering significant contributions to how we understand just war theory.
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  17. Thom Brooks (2011). Rethinking Remedial Responsibilities. Ethics and Global Politics 4 (3):195-202.
    How should we determine which nations have a responsibility to remedy suffering elsewhere? The problem is pressing because, following David Miller, ‘[it] is morally intolerable if (remediable) suffering and deprivation are allowed to continue . . . where they exist we are morally bound to hold somebody (some person or collective agent) responsible for relieving them’. Miller offers a connection theory of remedial responsibilities in response to this problem, a theory he has been developing over the last decade. This theory (...)
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  18. Allen Buchanan (2013). The Ethics of Revolution and Its Implications for the Ethics of Intervention. Philosophy and Public Affairs 41 (4):291-323.
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  19. Simon Caney (2005). Justice Beyond Borders: A Global Political Theory. Oxford University Press.
    Which political principles should govern global politics? In his new book, Simon Caney engages with the work of philosophers, political theorists, and international relations scholars in order to examine some of the most pressing global issues of our time. Are there universal civil, political, and economic human rights? Should there be a system of supra- state institutions? Can humanitarian intervention be justified?
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  20. Rory J. Conces (2001). Justifying Coercive and Non-Coercive Intervention: Strategic and Humanitarian Arguments. Acta Analytica 16 (27):133-52.
    The world's political and military leaders are under increasing pressure to intervene in the affairs of sovereign nations. Although the sovereignty of states and the corollary principle of nonintervention have been part of the foundation of international law, there is some latitude for states, as well as collective security organizations, to intervene in another state's domestic and foreign affairs, thus making sovereignty and the principle less than absolute. In this paper I first sketch a reasonable foundation for sovereignty of states (...)
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  21. Rory J. Conces (1998). Review of Richard Holbrooke, To End a War. [REVIEW] International Third World Studies Journal and Review 10:77-79.
  22. Alex De Waal, Darfur and the Failure of the Responsibility to Protect.
    When official representatives of more than 170 countries adopted the principle of the responsibility to protect (RP) at the September 2005 World Summit, Darfur was quickly identified as the test case for this new doctrine. The general verdict is that the international community has failed the test due to lack of political will. This article argues that the failure is real but that it is more fundamentally located within the doctrine of RP itself. Fulfilling the aspiration of RP demands an (...)
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  23. Terence Rajivan Edward, The Right of Democracies to Sanction Other Democracies.
    Avia Pasternak argues for a right that democracies have to sanction other democracies. This paper reconstructs her argument and objects to one of its premises.
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  24. Patrick Emerton & Toby Handfield, Humanitarian Intervention and the Modern State System. The Oxford Handbook of Ethics and War.
    This chapter argues that, because humanitarian intervention typically involves the military of one state attempting to overthrow another state ’s government, it gives rise to different moral questions from simple cases of interpersonal defensive violence. State sovereignty not only protects institutions within a society that contribute to the satisfaction of individuals’ interests and that cannot be easily restored once overthrown; it also plays a role in the constitution of those interests, which cannot be assumed to be invariant across different forms (...)
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  25. David Fagelson (2003). Building Democracy And The Rule of Law. Polity 36 (1):139-151.
  26. Robert Fine (2007). Cosmopolitanism. New York.
    Preface : twenty theses on cosmopolitan social theory -- Taking the "ism" out of cosmopolitanism : the equivocations of the new cosmopolitanism -- Confronting reputations : Kant's cosmopolitanism and Hegel's critique -- Cosmopolitanism and political community : the equivocations of constitutional patriotism -- Cosmopolitanism and international law : from the law of peoples to the constitutionalisation of international law -- Cosmopolitanism and humanitarian military intervention : war, peace and human rights -- Cosmopolitanism and punishment : prosecuting crimes against humanity -- (...)
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  27. Maria JoãBo Ferreira & Pedro F. Marcelino (2011). Politics in Trauma Times: Of Subjectivity, War, and Humanitarian Intervention. Ethics and Global Politics 4 (2):135-145.
    Palace of the End is a dense triptych of monologues exploring alternative narratives - albeit based in real facts - behind the events and the headlines surrounding the war in Iraq. Borrowing its title from the former royal palace where Saddam Hussein’s torture chamber was located, Thompson’s docudrama is structured as a chain of monologues telling three real-life stories set in the context of the war in Iraq. The play conveys three unconventional interpretations of the realities of war: that of (...)
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  28. Michael Kocsis (2013). Human Rights and Self-Government in the Age of Cosmopolitan Interventionism. Dissertation, Queen's University
    This dissertation explores a family of theoretical models of humanitarian military intervention. A number of recent theorists, including Tesón, Caney, Buchanan, Orend, Moellendorf, and Wheeler, build their models from a perspective called ‘cosmopolitanism.’ They offer arguments based on the moral supremacy of human rights, the arbitrary character of territorial boundaries, and the duty to protect individual human beings exposed to serious and systematic violence by their own governments. I develop a model of intervention that recognizes the moral significance of political (...)
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  29. John W. Lango & Eric Patterson (2010). South Sudan Independence. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):117-134.
    We investigate how the just cause principle is applicable to contingency planning about armed interventions in civil wars that are somewhat likely to occur in the future. According to a 2005 peace agreement that formally ended a civil war between the Sudanese government in Khartoum and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army, a referendum on South Sudan independence is to be held no later than January 9, 2011. Close observers of Sudan warn that this promise of an independence referendum might not (...)
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  30. Steven Lee (2011). The Who and the Why of Humanitarian Intervention. Criminal Justice Ethics 30 (3):302-308.
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  31. John Linarelli (2009). When Does Might Make Right? Using Force for Regime Change. Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (3):343-362.
    Should states use force to bring about regime change? International law recognizes no such grounds. This article seeks to provide guidance from moral theory. The aim of this paper is to identify the moral grounds for the use of armed force by one state or a group of states, against another state, when the intention of the intervening states is to achieve a fundamental change in the character of the political and legal institutions of the other state. Lawyers tend to (...)
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  32. Matthew Lister (2012). There is No Human Right to Democracy. But May We Promote It Anyway? Stanford Journal of International Law 48 (2):257.
    The idea of “promoting democracy” is one that goes in and out of favor. With the advent of the so-called “Arab Spring”, the idea of promoting democracy abroad has come up for discussion once again. Yet an important recent line of thinking about human rights, starting with John Rawls’s book The Law of Peoples, has held that there is no human right to democracy, and that nondemocratic states that respect human rights should be “beyond reproach” in the realm of international (...)
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  33. Matthew J. Lister (2011). Are Institutions and Empiricism Enough? [REVIEW] Transnational Legal Theory 2 (1).
    Legal philosophers have given relatively little attention to international law in comparison to other topics, and philosophers working on international or global justice have not taken international law as a primary focus, either. Allen Buchanan's recent work is arguably the most important exception to these trends. For over a decade he has devoted significant time and philosophical skill to questions central to international law, and has tied these concerns to related issues of global justice more generally. In what follows I (...)
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  34. Matthew J. Lister (2008). Gang-Related Asylum Claims: An Overview and Prescription. University of Memphis Law Review 38 (4).
    Over the last several years asylum cases relating to activities of criminal gangs have greatly increased in frequency. Cases involving Central American gangs, the so-called maras, have attracted the most attention but similar cases have arisen out of South Eastern and Eastern Europe as well. Applicants in such cases face a number of difficulties as their cases do not fit into paradigm categories for asylum claims. These cases almost always involve non-state actors, for example, acting for reasons that are not, (...)
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  35. Juan Mendez (2001). Ethical and Humanitarian Concerns Add a New Dimension to International Security in the Post-Cold War World. Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 15 (2):383-390.
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  36. Vjosa Musliu & Jan Orbie, The International Missions in Kosovo: What is in a Name?
    This article problematizes the concept of ‘mission’ in international interventions, who is entitled to missionize and how the missionized subject is conceptualized. By looking at the international missions in Kosovo , we problematize how the EU mission in Kosovo is entrenched in a trajectory of ‘missionizing’ that makes it bear the stigma of a structure non-responsive and non-sensitive to the local. Employing Derrida’s deconstruction, we explain that the criticism of international missions relates not so much to how they operate in (...)
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  37. Vanessa Neumann (2007). With or Without Government: Political Legitimacy, Procedural Justice, and the Responsibility to Protect. Philosophical Writings 34 (1).
    Political legitimacy and causal responsibilities are not the trumps they may appear to be in considering the justifiability of foreign intervention. Indeed, the major determinants that should guide the international laws and their enactors regarding justifiable foreign intervention are: the negative duty not to partake in an unjust system that oppresses the people of another country, moral uncertainty, and the realities of the agents in question. These jointly work to constrain the redesign of international law to a narrower scope than (...)
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  38. Avia Pasternak (2009). Sanctioning Liberal Democracies. Political Studies 57:54-74.
    This article examines when economic sanctions should be imposed on liberal democracies that violate democratic norms. The argument is made from the social-liberal standpoint, which recognises the moral status of political communities. While social liberals rarely refer to the use of economic sanctions as a pressure tool, by examining why they restrict military intervention and economic aid to cases of massive human rights violations or acute humanitarian need, the article is able to show why they are likely to impose strong (...)
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  39. Eric Patterson (2010). South Sudan Independence. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):117-134.
    We investigate how the just cause principle is applicable to contingency planning about armed interventions in civil wars that are somewhat likely to occur in the future. According to a 2005 peace agreement that formally ended a civil war between the Sudanese government in Khartoum and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army, a referendum on South Sudan independence is to be held no later than January 9, 2011. Close observers of Sudan warn that this promise of an independence referendum might not (...)
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  40. Mark Rigstad, Jus Ad Bellum After 9/11: A State of the Art Report. International Political Theory Beacon.
    An examination of the applicability of conventional and revisionist just war principles to the global war on terror.
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  41. Sagar Sanyal (2009). US Military and Covert Action and Global Justice. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):213-234.
    US military intervention and covert action is a significant contributor to global injustice. Discussion of this contributor to global injustice is relatively common in social justice movements. Yet it has been ignored by the global justice literature in political philosophy. This paper aims to fill this gap by introducing the topic into the global justice debate. While the global justice debate has focused on inter-national and supra-national institutions, I argue that an adequate analysis of US military and covert action must (...)
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  42. Edward Song (2010). Subjectivist Cosmopolitanism and the Morality of Intervention. Journal of Social Philosophy 41 (2):137-151.
    While cosmopolitans are right to think that state sovereignty is derived from individuals, many cosmopolitan accounts can be too demanding in their expectations for illiberal regimes because they do not account for the attitudes of the persons with who will subject to the intervention. These ‘objectivist’ accounts suggest that sovereignty is wholly a matter of a state’s conformity to the objective demands of justice. In contrast, for ‘subjectivist’ accounts, the attitudes of citizens do matter. Subjectivist cosmopolitans do not deny the (...)
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  43. Lynn Stout, Cultivating Conscience & How Good Laws Make Good People (2010). James Pattison, Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. Pp. Viii 296. Adam D. Reich, Hidden Truth: Young Men Negotiating Lives In and Out of Juvenile Prison. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010. Pp. Xviii 270. [REVIEW] Criminal Justice Ethics 29 (3):315.
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  44. Kok-Chor Tan (2011). Two Conceptions of Liberal Global Toleration. The Monist 94 (4):489-505.
  45. Kok-Chor Tan (2010). Enforcing Cosmopolitan Justice: The Problem of Intervention. In Roland Pierik & Wouter Werner (eds.), Cosmopolitanism in Context. Cambridge University Press
  46. Kok-Chor Tan (2005). International Toleration: Rawlsian Versus Cosmopolitan. Leiden Journal of International Law 18 (4):685-710.
  47. Kok-Chor Tan (1995). Military Intervention as a Moral Duty. Public Affairs Quarterly 9 (1):29-46.
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  48. Lynne Tirrell (2012). Genocidal Language Games. In Ishani Maitra & Mary Kate McGowan (eds.), Speech and Harm: Controversies Over Free Speech. Oxford University Press 174--221.
    This chapter examines the role played by derogatory terms (e.g., ‘inyenzi’ or cockroach, ‘inzoka’ or snake) in laying the social groundwork for the genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda in 1994. The genocide was preceded by an increase in the use of anti-Tutsi derogatory terms among the Hutu. As these linguistic practices evolved, the terms became more openly and directly aimed at Tutsi. Then, during the 100 days of the genocide, derogatory terms and coded euphemisms were used to direct killers (...)
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  49. Ericka Tucker (2012). Developing Normative Consensus: How the ‘International Scene’ Reshapes the Debate Over the Internal and External Criticism of Harmful Social Practices. Journal of East-West Thought 2 (1):107-121.
    Can we ever justly critique the norms and practices of another culture? When activists or policy-makers decide that one culture’s traditional practice is harmful and needs to be eradicated, does it matter whether they are members of that culture? Given the history of imperialism, many argue that any critique of another culture’s practices must be internal. Others argue that we can appeal to a universal standard of human wellbeing to determine whether or not a particular practice is legitimate or whether (...)
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  50. Bas van der Vossen (2014). The Morality of Humanitarian Intervention. In Andrew I. Cohen & Christopher H. Wellman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics. Wiley Blackwell 404-416.
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