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  1. T. P. A. (1971). Review of J. A. May, Kant's Concept of Geography. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 24 (3):545-545.
  2. Henry E. Allison (2003). Reflective Judgment and the Application of Logic to Nature: Kant's Deduction of the Principle of Purposiveness as an Answer to Hume. In Hans-Johann Glock (ed.), Strawson and Kant. Oxford University Press.
  3. Karl Ameriks (2006). Kant and the Historical Turn: Philosophy as Critical Interpretation. Oxford University Press.
    Immanuel Kant's work changed the course of modern philosophy; Karl Ameriks examines how. He compares the philosophical system set out in Kant's Critiques with the work of the major philosophers before and after Kant. Individual essays provide case studies in support of Ameriks's thesis that late 18th-century reactions to Kant initiated an "historical turn," after which historical and systematic considerations became joined in a way that fundamentally distinguishes philosophy from science and art.
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  4. Friedrich Becker (1964). Galilei und die astronomie seiner zeit. Kant-Studien 55 (1-4):129-142.
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  5. Eftichios Bitsakis (2005). Space and Time: The Ongoing Quest. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 35 (1):57-83.
    In this paper, I try to refute the Kantian a priorism. At the same time, I try to explain the existence of an a priori concerning space and time on the basis of contemporary neuro-physiology. This a priori is the opposite of the a-historical a priori of Kant. Concerning space and time, I argue that relativity concords with the philosophical thesis that space and time are forms of existence of matter. On the basis of this ontological principle, I support that (...)
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  6. Mick Bowles (2009). The Nature of Productive Force: Kant, Spinoza and Deleuze. In Edward Willatt & Matt Lee (eds.), Thinking Between Deleuze and Kant: A Strange Encounter. Continuum.
  7. Robert E. Butts (1993). Kant's Theory of Musical Sound: An Early Exercise in Cognitive Science. Dialogue 32 (01):3-.
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  8. Robert E. Butts (1984). Kant's Philosophy of Science: The Transition From Metaphysics to Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:685 - 705.
    The principles of Kant's pure physics (conservation of quantity of matter, inertia, equality of action and reaction) are a priori in the same sense as are the principles of the understanding. We account for the empirical content of physics by showing that the pure principles operate as rules for generating wellformed empirical descriptions, and as rules for analysis of motion. The relationship between the metaphysics of matter and empirical descriptions is neither deductive, nor as loose as Buchdahl alleges. Belief that (...)
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  9. Marco Buzzoni (2014). On Thought Experiments and the Kantian a Priori in the Natural Sciences: A Reply to Yiftach J.H. Fehige. Epistemologia 2:277-293.
    This paper replies to objections that have been raised against my operational-Kantian account of thought experiments by Fehige 2012 and 2013. Fehige also sketches an alternative Neo-Kantian account that utilizes Michael Friedman’s concept of a contingent and changeable a priori. To this I shall reply, first, that Fehige’s objections not only neglect some fundamental points I had made as regards the realizability of TEs, but also underestimate the principle of empiricism, which was rightly defended by Kant. Secondly, in opposition to (...)
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  10. Craig Callender (2005). Answers in Search of a Question: 'Proofs' of the Tri-Dimensionality of Space. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 36 (1):113-136.
    From Kant’s first published work to recent articles in the physics literature, philosophers and physicists have long sought an answer to the question, why does space have three dimensions. In this paper, I will flesh out Kant’s claim with a brief detour through Gauss’ law. I then describe Büchel’s version of the common argument that stable orbits are possible only if space is three-dimensional. After examining objections by Russell and van Fraassen, I develop three original criticisms of my own. These (...)
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  11. Eugenio Moya Cantero (2005). Apriorismo, epigénesis y evolución en el transcendentalismo kantiano. Revista de Filosofia 30:61-88.
    En este artículo, defiendo que el interés de Kant por una ciencia emergente en el siglo XVIII como la Embriología (en especial por el concepto de epigénesis) permite profundizar en una naturalización débil del idealismo transcendental, así como justificar la validez del conocimiento a priori.
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  12. Frederik Voetmann Christiansen (2006). Heinrich Hertz's Neo-Kantian Philosophy of Science, and its Development by Harald Høffding. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 37 (1):1 - 20.
    This article is an investigation of parallel themes in Heinrich Hertz's philosophy science and Kant's theory of schemata, symbols and regulative ideas. It is argued that Hertz's "pictures" bears close similarities to Kantian "schemata", that is, they are rules linking concepts to intuitions and provide them with their meaning. Kant's distinction between symbols and schemata is discussed and related to Hertz's three pictures of mechanics. It is argued that Hertz considered his own picture of mechanics (the "hidden mass" picture) as (...)
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  13. Lorraine Daston (2007). Objectivity. Distributed by the Mit Press.
    Prologue: objectivity shock -- Epistemologies of the eye -- Blind sight -- Collective empiricism -- Objectivity is new -- Histories of the scientific self -- Epistemic virtues -- The argument -- Objectivity in shirtsleeves -- Truth-to-nature -- Before objectivity -- Taming nature's variability -- The idea in the observation -- Four-eyed sight -- Drawing from nature -- Truth-to-nature after objectivity -- Mechanical objectivity -- Seeing clear -- Photography as science and art -- Automatic images and blind sight -- Drawing against (...)
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  14. Helen De Cruz (2007). An Enhanced Argument for Innate Elementary Geometric Knowledge and its Philosophical Implications. In Bart Van Kerkhove (ed.), New perspectives on mathematical practices. Essays in philosophy and history of mathematics. World Scientific.
    The idea that formal geometry derives from intuitive notions of space has appeared in many guises, most notably in Kant’s argument from geometry. Kant claimed that an a priori knowledge of spatial relationships both allows and constrains formal geometry: it serves as the actual source of our cognition of principles of geometry and as a basis for its further cultural development. The development of non-Euclidean geometries, however, seemed to definitely undermine the idea that there is some privileged relationship between our (...)
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  15. Willem R. De Jong (forthcoming). How is Metaphysics as a Science Possible? Kant on the Distinction Between Philosophical and Mathematical Method. Review of Metaphysics.
  16. Carlos Ortiz de Landázuri (2009). La Revisión Postmoderna Del Giro Copernicano Kantiano, 200 Años Después: Robert Hanna: Kant, Science, and Human Nature. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2006. [REVIEW] Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 8:97-99.
  17. Andreas Dorschel (1994). The Anthropological Argument in Practical Philosophy and the Logic of Comparison. History of European Ideas 18 (3):387-400.
    Arnold Gehlen's attempt to give anthropological grounds for morality stems from Kant's idea that being freed from the compulsion of instinct left human beings in need of compensation for the loss of the practical guidance which instinct had hitherto provided. Whereas Kant thought this compensation was to found only in reasoned morality, Gehlen would argue that morality provides recompense by becoming a quasi-instinct that functions without reflection and that needs to be bred into human beings. The author maintains that in (...)
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  18. Jeffrey Downard (2009). Natural Purposes and the Category of Community. International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (4):485-499.
    In the second part of the Critique of Judgment, Immanuel Kant provides a transcendental analysis of the bases of our right to employ teleological conceptions in biology. A living organism exemplifies the conception of a natural end insofar as the organization of the parts to form a whole is the result of a process in which the organism is both cause and effect of itself. Kant’s analysis of the concept of a natural purpose is guided, in part, by his general (...)
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  19. Aylton Barbieri Durão (2011). O direito real de Kant. Trans/Form/Ação 33 (2).
    No direito real, Kant investiga a propriedade privada de uma substância (o solo e os objetos localizados nele). No estado de natureza, somente ocorre a posse física ou empírica de um objeto externo, a partir do postulado jurídico da razão prática como uma lei permissiva, pois, do contrário, as coisas utilizáveis seriam em-si ou res nullius, mas a posse jurídica ou inteligível depende da posse comum originária do solo (que não se confunde com o comunismo primitivo), para evitar que a (...)
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  20. Paul Ennis (2011). Copernican Metaphysics. Continent 1 (2):94-101.
    In the Kritik der reinen Vernunft (1781) Kant introduced the transcendental method on a precarious footing and he never shied away from the fact that the transcendental method is structured, and I mean it in the most direct sense possible, aporetically. The aporetic element, the unstable core within Kantian thought, is the distinction between phenomenal and noumenal content in the chapter entitled "On the ground of the distinction [Unterscheidung] of all objects [Gegenstände] in general into phenomena and noumena" (Kant A236/B295-A260/B315). (...)
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  21. Moya Eugenio (2005). Epigénesis y Validez: El Papel de la Embriología En El Programa Transcendental de Kant.(Epigenesis and Validity: The Role of the Embriology in Kant's Transcendental Program). Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 20 (2):143-166.
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  22. J. Freudiger (1996). Kant's Keystone--Teleology as the Foundation of Reason. Kant-Studien 87 (4):423-435.
  23. Michael Friedman (2010). Einstein, Kant, and the A Priori. In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), Epsa Philosophical Issues in the Sciences. Springer. 65--73.
  24. C. D. Fugate (2007). Robert Hanna, Kant, Science, and Human Nature. Philosophy in Review 27 (5):350.
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  25. Courtney David Fugate (2010). Robert Hanna, Kant, Science, and Human Nature Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 27 (5):350-352.
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  26. S. P. Fullinwider (1993). The Natural and the Normative: Theories of Spatial Perception From Kant to Helmholtz: Gary Hatfield,(Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1990), Xii+ 366 Pp. ISBN 0-262-08086-9 Cloth $35.00. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (3):485-491.
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  27. Bryan Hall (2014). The Post-Critical Kant: Understanding the Critical Philosophy Through the Opus Postumum. Routledge.
    In this book, Bryan Wesley Hall breaks new ground in Kant scholarship, exploring the gap in Kant’s Critical philosophy in relation to his post-Critical work by turning to Kant’s final, unpublished work, the so-called Opus Postumum. Although Kant considered this project to be the "keystone" of his philosophical efforts, it has been largely neglected by scholars. Hall argues that only by understanding the Opus Postumum can we fully comprehend both Kant’s mature view as well as his Critical project. In letters (...)
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  28. Bryan Hall (2009). Effecting a Transition: How to Fill the Gap in Kant's System of Critical Philosophy. Kant-Studien 100 (2):187-211.
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  29. Michael Heidelberger (2007). From Neo-Kantianism to Critical Realism: Space and the Mind-Body Problem in Riehl and Schlick. Perspectives on Science 15 (1):26-48.
    This article deals with Moritz Schlick's critical realism and its sources that dominated his philosophy until about 1925. It is shown that his celebrated analysis of Einstein's relativity theory is the result of an earlier philosophical discussion about space perception and its role for the theory of space. In particular, Schlick's "method of coincidences" did not owe anything to "entirely new principles" based on the work of Einstein, Poincaré or Hilbert, as claimed by Michael Friedman, but was already in place (...)
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  30. Thomas Anand Holden (2004). The Architecture of Matter: Galileo to Kant. Oxford University Press.
    Thomas Holden presents a fascinating study of theories of matter in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. These theories were plagued by a complex of interrelated problems concerning matter's divisibility, composition, and internal architecture. Is any material body infinitely divisible? Must we posit atoms or elemental minima from which bodies are ultimately composed? Are the parts of material bodies themselves material concreta? Or are they merely potentialities or possible existents? Questions such as these -- and the press of subtler questions hidden (...)
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  31. Robert Howell (2013). Kant and Kantian Themes in Recent Analytic Philosophy. Metaphilosophy 44 (1-2):42-47.
    This article notes six advances in recent analytic Kant research: (1) Strawson's interpretation, which, together with work by Bennett, Sellars, and others, brought renewed attention to Kant through its account of space, time, objects, and the Transcendental Deduction and its sharp criticisms of Kant on causality and idealism; (2) the subsequent investigations of Kantian topics ranging from cognitive science and philosophy of science to mathematics; (3) the detailed work, by a number of scholars, on the Transcendental Deduction; (4) the clearer (...)
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  32. Fiona Hughes (2009). Kant's Critique of Judgment: A Reader's Guide. Continuum.
    Context -- Overview of themes -- Reading the text -- Reception and influence.
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  33. Philippe Huneman (2014). Kant Vs. Leibniz in the Second Antinomy: Organisms Are Not Infinitely Subtle Machines. Kant-Studien 105 (2):155-195.
    This paper interprets the two pages devoted in the Critique of Pure Reason to a critique of Leibniz’s view of organisms as infinitely organized machines. It argues that this issue of organisms represents a crucial test-case for Kant in regard to the conflicting notions of space, continuity and divisibility held by classical metaphysics and by criticism. I first present Leibniz’s doctrine and its justification. In a second step, I explain the general reasoning by which Kant defines the problem of the (...)
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  34. Philippe Huneman (ed.) (2007). Understanding Purpose: Kant and the Philosophy of Biology. University of Rochester Press.
    A collection of essays investigating key historical and scientific questions relating to the concept of natural purpose in Kant's philosophy of biology.
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  35. Philippe Huneman, Possibility, Necessity and Purposiveness: The Metaphysical Novelties in the Critique of Judgement.
  36. Philippe Huneman, Reflexive Judgement and Wolffian Embryology: Kant's Shift Between the First and the Third Critique.
    The problem of generation has been, for Kant scholars, a kind of test of Kant's successive concepts of finality. Although he deplores the absence of a naturalistic account of purposiveness (and hence of reproduction) in his pre-critical writings, in the First Critique he nevertheless presents a "reductionist" view of finality in the Transcendental Dialectic's Appendices. This finality can be used only as a language, extended to the whole of nature, but which must be filled with mechanistic explanations. Therefore, in 1781, (...)
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  37. Brian Jacobs (2003). Kantian Character and the Problem of a Science of Humanity. In Brian Jacobs & Patrick Kain (eds.), Essays on Kant's Anthropology. Cambridge University Press. 105--134.
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  38. Christopher Jay (2009). Review: Ameriks, Kant and the Historical Turn: Philosophy as Critical Interpretation. Heythrop Journal 50 (2):337-339.
  39. Immanuel Kant, Four Neglected Essays.
  40. Omar Timothy Khachouf, Stefano Poletti & Giuseppe Pagnoni (2013). The Embodied Transcendental: A Kantian Perspective on Neurophenomenology. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
    Neurophenomenology is a research programme aimed at bridging the explanatory gap between first-person subjective experience and neurophysiological third-person data, through an embodied and enactive approach to the biology of consciousness. The present proposal attempts to further characterize the bodily basis of the mind by adopting a naturalistic view of the phenomenological concept of intentionality as the a priori invariant character of any lived experience. Building on the Kantian definition of transcendentality as “what concerns the a priori formal structures of the (...)
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  41. Malek K. Khazaee (2008). Review of “Mathematics in Kant's Critical Philosophy: Reflections on Mathematical Practice”. [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 9 (1):12.
  42. Halla Kim (2008). The Method of Transition in Kant's Groundwork. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:229-235.
    This paper is an attempt to understand the main characteristics of the three transitions that Kant makes in his Groundwork in view of his professed purpose of grounding pure moral philosophy. In particular, I show that the method of transition is devised as a way in which Kant can secure the a priori basis of morality in his campaign against naturalism in ethics.
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  43. Patricia Kitcher (2011). Kant's Thinker. Oxford University Press.
    Overview -- Locke's internal sense and Kant's changing views -- Personal identity amd its problems -- Rationalist metaphysics of mind -- Consciousness, self-consciousness, and cognition -- Strands of Argument in the Duisburg Nachlass -- A transcendental deduction for a priori concepts -- Synthesis : why and how? -- Arguing for apperception -- The power of apperception -- "I-think" as the destroyer of rational psychology -- Is Kant's theory consistent? -- The normativity objection -- Is Kant's thinker (as such) a free (...)
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  44. Pauline Kleingeld (2008). Kant on Historiography and the Use of Regulative Ideas. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (4):523-528.
  45. Filip Kobiela (2006). Struktura i geneza świata w filozofii przedkrytycznej Immanuela Kanta. Diametros 7:22-36.
    Artykuł zawiera prezentację niektórych wątków Kantowskiej filozofii przedkrytycznej, w dziedzinie filozofii przyrody zawierającej wiele oryginalnych hipotez i argumentów często niewykorzystanych w krytycznej filozofii Kanta i przez to mniej znanych. Przedstawiona jest nowatorska hipoteza wiążąca trójwymiarowość przestrzeni z prawem grawitacji pochodząca z pierwszej rozprawy Kanta Gedanken von der wahren Schätzung der lebendigen Kräfte und Beurteilung der Beweise z 1747 roku. Omówiona została praca Allgemeine Naturgeschichte und Theorie des Himmels zawierająca słynną hipotezę Kanta dotyczącą genezy układu planetarnego. Przedstawiono też tzw. argument z (...)
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  46. Werner Kogge & Michael Richter (2013). Synthetic Biology and its Alternatives. Descartes, Kant and the Idea of Engineering Biological Machines. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (2):181-189.
  47. Katharina T. Kraus (2013). Quantifying Inner Experience?—Kant's Mathematical Principles in the Context of Empirical Psychology. European Journal of Philosophy 22 (3).
    This paper shows why Kant's critique of empirical psychology should not be read as a scathing criticism of quantitative scientific psychology, but has valuable lessons to teach in support of it. By analysing Kant's alleged objections in the light of his critical theory of cognition, it provides a fresh look at the problem of quantifying first-person experiences, such as emotions and sense-perceptions. An in-depth discussion of applying the mathematical principles, which are defined in the Critique of Pure Reason as the (...)
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  48. Katharina T. Kraus (2011). Kant and the 'Soft Sciences'. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):618-624.
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  49. Thomas Kupka (2011). Feyerabend und Kant: Kann das gut gehen? Paul K. Feyerabends Naturphilosophie und Kants Polemik gegen den Dogmatismus. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 42 (2):399-409.
  50. James L. Larson & Keith R. Benson (1999). Book Reviews-Interpreting Nature: The Science of the Living Form From Linnaeus to Kant. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21 (2):233-233.
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