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Languages

Edited by Guy Longworth (University of Warwick)
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Summary This category covers discussion of a wide range of issues, including the following. 1. Linguistic Convention. What is the nature of the relation between individuals and the languages that they can speak? In particular, should it be accounted for by appeal to convention and, if so, what account should be given of the nature of convention? 2. Idiolects. What determines the properties of individual speakers' languages? Are those properties determined by properties of the individual speaker, or might properties of other speakers, or communities of speakers (perhaps including past speakers), figure here? Are there shared or communal languages? What is the relation between individuals' languages and shared or communal languages? 3. Knowledge of Language. Do speakers of a language know that language? If they do, in what does their knowledge consist? Is it a form of propositional knowledge, a form of practical knowledge, or some other form of knowledge? And what is it that they know when they know a language? 4. Linguistic Universals. Are there properties shared by all possible languages? Are there properties shared by all natural, or humanly acquirable, languages? If there are such properties, what are they? And can we explain why there are precisely those universal properties? 5. Private Language. Is it possible for there to be a language that, as a matter of necessity, only one person speaks? Or are there arguments that no such language is possible? 6. Words. Are there such things as words? If there are, what is their nature? Are words concrete individuals or types, or do they belong to a different metaphysical category? What are the principles that govern how words are to be counted?
Key works Lewis 1975 Important presentation of a view about how convention figures in determining which language individuals speak. Davidson 1986 Important defence of the idea that idiolects are fundamental to language and communication. Dummett 1993 Development of Dummett's view that knowledge of a language is a distinctive form of practical knowledge. Crain & Pietroski 2001 Useful overview of arguments for innateness and linguistic universals. Kripke 1982 Important argument that private languages are not possible. Kaplan 1990 Important account of the metaphysics of words.
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  1. D. S. Clarke (2003). Sign Levels Language and its Evolutionary Antecedents. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  2. Bp Cochran & Jl Mcdonald (1992). Promoting Native-Like Acquisition of a 2nd Language in Adults. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):474-474.
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  3. L. Jonathan Cohen & James Logue (2002). Knowledge and Language Selected Essays of L. Jonathan Cohen. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  4. Murray Cohen (1977). Sensible Words Linguistic Practice in England, 1640-1785. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  5. Finn Collin & Guldmann (2004). Meaning, Use, and Truth Introducing the Philosophy of Language. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  6. John Collins (2009). The Limits of Conceivability: Logical Cognitivism and the Language Faculty. Synthese 171 (1):175 - 194.
    Robert Hanna (Rationality and logic. MIT Press, Cambridge, 2006) articulates and defends the thesis of logical cognitivism, the claim that human logical competence is grounded in a cognitive faculty (in Chomsky’s sense) that is not naturalistically explicable. This position is intended to steer us between the Scylla of logical Platonism and the Charybdis of logical naturalism (/psychologism). The paper argues that Hanna’s interpretation of Chomsky is mistaken. Read aright, Chomsky’s position offers a defensible version of naturalism, one Hanna may accept (...)
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  7. David E. Cooper (1977). Linguistic Behaviour. Philosophical Books 18 (1):26-28.
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  8. F. B. D'agostino (1975). Knowledge of Language. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  9. Fred D'Agostino (2001). Double Review: Chomsky: Ideas and Ideals by Neil Smith and Chomsky: Language, Mind, and Politics by James McGilvray. Mind and Language 16 (3):335–344.
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  10. A. B. D. (1963). Language and Philosophy. Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):302-303.
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  11. A. B. D. (1963). Language and Philosophy. Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):302-303.
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  12. Marcel Danesi (1995). What is Language? New Vico Studies 13:43-54.
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  13. Jürgen Dassow, Florin Manea & Robert Mercaş (2012). Connecting Partial Words and Regular Languages. In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. 151--161.
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  14. Koen DePryck (1993). Knowledge, Evolution and Paradox: The Ontology of Language. State University of New York Press.
    Investigates the possibility of constructing an interdisciplinary ontology to address such fundamental issues as guidelines for behavior and the validity and scope of knowledge from other than a limited perspective.
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  15. Michael Devitt & Kim Sterelny (1999). Language and Reality. John Wiley & Sons.
    Completely revised and updated in its Second Edition, _Language and Reality_ provides students, philosophers and cognitive scientists with a lucid and provocative introduction to the philosophy of language.
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  16. René Dirven, Bruce Wayne Hawkins, Esra Sandikcioglu, Roslyn M. Frank & Cornelia Ilie (2001). Language and Ideology.
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  17. Robert M. W. Dixon (1965). What is Language? A New Approach to Linguistic Description. Longmans.
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  18. Alan Durant (2015). Harold Berman: Law and Language. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 28 (2):427-432.
    This review discusses Harold Berman’s, Law and Language, published by Cambridge University Press in 2013. It locates this short book in relation to Berman’s extensive body of publications in international and comparative law, and asks what contribution the book’s recent, posthumous publication can make to current debates over approaches to forensic linguistics. Particular attention is given to Berman’s conceptualisation of law as a ‘living language’, as well as to his coining of the term ‘communification’ to describe the value of legal-lay (...)
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  19. M. Durrell (2006). Germanic Languages. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier 53--55.
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  20. Shimon Edelman, Characterizing Motherese: On the Computational Structure of Child-Directed Language.
    We report a quantitative analysis of the cross-utterance coordination observed in child-directed language, where successive utterances often overlap in a manner that makes their constituent structure more prominent, and describe the application of a recently published unsupervised algorithm for grammar induction to the largest available corpus of such language, producing a grammar capable of accepting and generating novel wellformed sentences. We also introduce a new corpus-based method for assessing the precision and recall of an automatically acquired generative grammar without recourse (...)
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  21. J. Edwards (2003). Dummett: Philosophy of Language. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (2):298-300.
    Book Information Dummett: Philosophy of Language. By Karen Green. Polity Press. Cambridge. 2002. Pp. xi + 220. Hardback, £55. Paperback, £14.99.
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  22. Koerner Efk (1976). The Importance of Linguistic Historiography and the Place of History in Linguistic Science. Foundations of Language 14 (4):541-547.
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  23. Dave Elder‐Vass (2014). Debate: Seven Ways to Be A Realist About Language. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (3):249-267.
    There are many differing ways to be a realist about language. This paper seeks to classify some of these and to examine the implications of each for the study of language. The principle of classification it adopts is that we may distinguish between realisms on the basis of what exactly it is that they take to be real. Examining in turn realisms that ascribe reality to the external world in general, to causal mechanisms, to innate capacities, to linguistic signs, to (...)
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  24. Timothy Endicott (2008). Law and Language. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  25. Desiderius Erasmus & Martin Nuyts (1550). La Lengua de Erasmo Nueuamente Romançada Por Muy Elegante Estilo. En Casa de Martin Nucio, ..
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  26. Desiderius Erasmus, Dorothy Sherman Severin & Bernardo Pérez de Chinchón (1975). La Lengua de Erasmo Nuevamente Romançada Por Muy Elegante Estilo. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  27. Christina E. Erneling (1993). Understanding Language Acquisition: The Framework of Learning. State University of New York Press.
    She challenges the usefulness of the concept of a language of thought in explaining language acquisition, and draws on the later work of Wittgen.
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  28. Greg Evans (1986). Sign Language Research and Linguistic Theory. Nexus 5 (1):1.
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  29. Austin Fagothey (1958). The Language of Value. New Scholasticism 32 (2):260-262.
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  30. Bruce E. Fleming (2003). Art and Argument What Words Can't Do and What They Can.
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  31. Jerry A. Fodor (1960). The Uses of 'Use': A Study in the Philosophy of Language. Dissertation, Princeton University
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  32. Eleanor Frankle (1948). Some Problems of Word Formation in the Turkic Languages. Journal of the American Oriental Society 68 (2):114-120.
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  33. Stephen T. Franklin (2008). Theory of Language. In Michel Weber (ed.), Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought. De Gruyter 5-20.
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  34. Charles C. Fries (1968). Linguistics: The Study of Language. Foundations of Language 4 (4):453-454.
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  35. James W. Gair (2007). The Dhivehi Language: A Descriptive and Historical Grammar of Dhivehi and Its Dialects. 2 Vols. Journal of the American Oriental Society 127 (3):365.
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  36. Timothy J. Gallagher (2014). A Mead‐Chomsky Comparison Reveals a Set of Key Questions on the Nature of Language and Mind. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (2):148-167.
    The social psychologist George Herbert Mead and the cognitive linguist Noam Chomsky both investigated the nature of language and mind during the 20th century. They approached the issues broadly, pursuing both philosophical and scientific lines of reasoning and evidence. This comparative analysis of Mead and Chomsky identifies fourteen questions that summarize their collective effort, and which animated much of the debate concerning language and mind in the 20th century. These questions continue to be relevant to 21st century inquiries. This paper (...)
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  37. Karen Gammelgaard (1996). Two Studies on Written Language.
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  38. Jonardon Ganeri (1993). The Philosophy of Language in Gadadhara's Saktivada.
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  39. Alexander George & Noam Chomsky (1989). Reflections on Chomsky.
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  40. John C. Trueswell & Gleitman & R. Lila (2009). Learning to Parse and its Implications for Language Acquisition. In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. OUP Oxford
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  41. Robert Goedecke (1976). Linguistic Ontology. Philosophy Today 20 (2):157-166.
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  42. C. K. Grant (1956). On Using Language. Philosophical Quarterly 6 (25):327-343.
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  43. James Grant (1785). Essays on the Origin of Society, Language, Property, Government, Jurisdiction, Contracts, and Marriage. Interspersed with Illus. From the Greek and Galic Languages. G.G.J. And J. Robinson.
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  44. Edward G. Gray (1999). New World Babel Languages and Nations in Early America. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  45. Gustave Guillaume (1964). Language Et Science du Language. Nizet Presses de l'Université Laval.
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  46. Alexander Z. Guiora (1984). An Epistemology for the Language Sciences. University of Michigan.
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  47. Amitabha Das Gupta (1996). The Second Linguistic Turn Chomsky and the Philosophy of Language.
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  48. Amitabha Das Gupta (1993). The Second Linguistic Turn. Intellectual Pub. House.
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  49. Kalyan Sen Gupta (1990). Mentalistic Turn, a Critical Evaluation of Chomsky.
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  50. Georges Gusdorf (1956). La Parole. Presses Universitaires de France.
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