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Languages

Edited by Guy Longworth (University of Warwick)
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Summary This category covers discussion of a wide range of issues, including the following. 1. Linguistic Convention. What is the nature of the relation between individuals and the languages that they can speak? In particular, should it be accounted for by appeal to convention and, if so, what account should be given of the nature of convention? 2. Idiolects. What determines the properties of individual speakers' languages? Are those properties determined by properties of the individual speaker, or might properties of other speakers, or communities of speakers (perhaps including past speakers), figure here? Are there shared or communal languages? What is the relation between individuals' languages and shared or communal languages? 3. Knowledge of Language. Do speakers of a language know that language? If they do, in what does their knowledge consist? Is it a form of propositional knowledge, a form of practical knowledge, or some other form of knowledge? And what is it that they know when they know a language? 4. Linguistic Universals. Are there properties shared by all possible languages? Are there properties shared by all natural, or humanly acquirable, languages? If there are such properties, what are they? And can we explain why there are precisely those universal properties? 5. Private Language. Is it possible for there to be a language that, as a matter of necessity, only one person speaks? Or are there arguments that no such language is possible? 6. Words. Are there such things as words? If there are, what is their nature? Are words concrete individuals or types, or do they belong to a different metaphysical category? What are the principles that govern how words are to be counted?
Key works Lewis 1975 Important presentation of a view about how convention figures in determining which language individuals speak. Davidson 1986 Important defence of the idea that idiolects are fundamental to language and communication. Dummett 1993 Development of Dummett's view that knowledge of a language is a distinctive form of practical knowledge. Crain & Pietroski 2001 Useful overview of arguments for innateness and linguistic universals. Kripke 1982 Important argument that private languages are not possible. Kaplan 1990 Important account of the metaphysics of words.
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  1. G. A. (1975). Consciousness and the Acquisition of Language. Review of Metaphysics 28 (4):760-761.
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  2. R. A. (1968). The Sound Pattern of English. Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):374-375.
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  3. Barbara Abbott & Grover Hudson (1981). Making Sense. Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (3):437-451.
    This would have been a better book if Sampson had argued his main point, the usefulness of the Simonian principle as an explanation of the evolution, structure, and acquisition of language, on its own merits, instead of making it subsidiary to his attack on ‘limited-minders’ (e.g., Noam Chomsky). The energy he has spent on the attack he might then have been willing and able to employ in developing his argument at reasonable length and detail. He might then have found that (...)
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  4. Carl Abel (1883). Linguistic Essays. Mind 8 (30):291-295.
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  5. Joseph Agassi, Chomsky, P.
    Summary and conclusions As a new field, cognitivism began with the total rejection of the old, traditional views of language acquisition and of learning -- individual and collective alike. Chomsky was one of the pioneers in this respect, yet he clouds issues by excessive claim s for his originality and by not allowing the beginner in the art of the acquisition of language the use of learning by making hypotheses and testing them, though he acknowledges that researchers, himself included, do (...)
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  6. Irene Appelbaum (2004). Two Conceptions of the Emergence of Phonemic Structure. Foundations of Science 9 (4):415-435.
    . Björn Lindbloms account of the emergence of phonemic structure is a central reference point in contemporary discussions of the emergence of language. I argue that there are two distinct, and largely orthogonal conceptions of emergence implicit in Lindbloms account. According to one conception (causal emergence), the process by which minimal pairs are generated is crucial to the claim that phonemic structure is emergent; according to the other conception (analytic emergence), the fact that segments are an abstraction from the physical (...)
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  7. Yehoshua Bar-Hillel (1972). Aspects of Language. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 32 (3):429-430.
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  8. Yehoshua Bar-Hillel (1970). Aspects of Language Essays and Lectures on Philosophy of Language, Linguistic Philosophy, and Methodology of Linguistics. --. Magnes Press.
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  9. David Barsamian & Noam Chomsky (2001). Propaganda and the Public Mind Conversations with Noam Chomsky. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  10. Patrick K. Bastable (1971). Language and Being. Philosophical Studies 20:332-332.
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  11. Elizabeth Bates (2001). And the Development of Language. In William P. Bechtel, Pete Mandik, Jennifer Mundale & Robert S. Stufflebeam (eds.), Philosophy and the Neurosciences: A Reader. Blackwell. 134.
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  12. Christina Behme (2013). Noam Chomsky , The Science of Language. Interview with James McGilvray . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 33 (2):100-103.
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  13. Nikhil Bhattacharya (1989). On Language. New Vico Studies 7:142-145.
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  14. Diane W. Birckbichler, Robert M. Terry, James J. Davis & American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (2000). Reflecting on the Past to Shape the Future. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  15. Lera Boroditsky (2011). How Languages Construct Time. In Stanislas Dehaene & Elizabeth Brannon (eds.), Space, Time and Number in the Brain. Oxford University Press. 333--341.
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  16. Ivan Brady (2007). Language Tinder. Philosophy Now 60:36-36.
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  17. Myles Brand (1971). The Language of Not Doing. American Philosophical Quarterly 8 (1):45 - 53.
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  18. Tyler Burge (1989). Wherein is Language Social? In A. George (ed.), Reflections on Chomsky. Blackwell. 175--191.
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  19. Eric Buyssens (1969). La Grammaire Générative Selon Chomsky. Revue Belge de Philologie Et D'Histoire 47 (3):840-857.
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  20. Mihaela Călinescu (2012). Chomsky's Biolinguistic Approach to Mind and Language. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 11:91-96.
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  21. Yuko Asano Cavanagh (2011). An Analysis of Three Japanese Tags: Ne, Yone, and Daroo. Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (3):448-475.
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  22. Kr Chandra (2002). Place of Ardhamagadhi and SaurasenI Languages of Jain Canonical Works in the Evolution of MIA. Languages. In Hīrālāla Jaina, Dharmacandra Jaina & R. K. Sharma (eds.), Jaina Philosophy, Art & Science in Indian Culture. Sharada Pub. House. 1--95.
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  23. Arnold J. Chien (2002). On What We Mean.
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  24. Noam Chomsky (2001). The Ideas of Chomsky. In Bryan Magee (ed.), Talking Philosophy: Dialogues with Fifteen Leading Philosophers. Oup Oxford.
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  25. Noam Chomsky (1997). Language From an Internalist Perspective. In David Martel Johnson & Christina E. Erneling (eds.), The Future of the Cognitive Revolution. Oxford University Press. 118--135.
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  26. Noam Chomsky & British Broadcasting Corporation (1977). The Ideas of Chomsky Bryan Magee Talked to Noam Chomsky. British Broadcasting Corporation.
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  27. Kiel Christianson & Fernanda Ferreira (2005). Planning in Sentence Production: Evidence From a Free Word Order Language (Odawa). Cognition 98:105-135.
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  28. D. S. Clarke (2003). Sign Levels Language and its Evolutionary Antecedents. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  29. Bp Cochran & Jl Mcdonald (1992). Promoting Native-Like Acquisition of a 2nd Language in Adults. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):474-474.
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  30. L. Jonathan Cohen & James Logue (2002). Knowledge and Language Selected Essays of L. Jonathan Cohen. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  31. Finn Collin & Guldmann (2004). Meaning, Use, and Truth Introducing the Philosophy of Language. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  32. John Collins (2009). The Limits of Conceivability: Logical Cognitivism and the Language Faculty. Synthese 171 (1):175 - 194.
    Robert Hanna (Rationality and logic. MIT Press, Cambridge, 2006) articulates and defends the thesis of logical cognitivism, the claim that human logical competence is grounded in a cognitive faculty (in Chomsky’s sense) that is not naturalistically explicable. This position is intended to steer us between the Scylla of logical Platonism and the Charybdis of logical naturalism (/psychologism). The paper argues that Hanna’s interpretation of Chomsky is mistaken. Read aright, Chomsky’s position offers a defensible version of naturalism, one Hanna may accept (...)
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  33. David E. Cooper (1977). Linguistic Behaviour. Philosophical Books 18 (1):26-28.
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  34. Fred D'Agostino (2001). Double Review: Chomsky: Ideas and Ideals by Neil Smith and Chomsky: Language, Mind, and Politics by James McGilvray. Mind and Language 16 (3):335–344.
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  35. A. B. D. (1963). Language and Philosophy. Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):302-303.
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  36. A. B. D. (1963). Language and Philosophy. Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):302-303.
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  37. Marcel Danesi (1995). What is Language? New Vico Studies 13:43-54.
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  38. Jürgen Dassow, Florin Manea & Robert Mercaş (2012). Connecting Partial Words and Regular Languages. In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. 151--161.
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  39. Koen DePryck (1993). Knowledge, Evolution and Paradox: The Ontology of Language. State University of New York Press.
    Investigates the possibility of constructing an interdisciplinary ontology to address such fundamental issues as guidelines for behavior and the validity and scope of knowledge from other than a limited perspective.
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  40. Alan Durant (forthcoming). Harold Berman: Law and Language. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique:1-6.
    This review discusses Harold Berman’s, Law and Language, published by Cambridge University Press in 2013. It locates this short book in relation to Berman’s extensive body of publications in international and comparative law, and asks what contribution the book’s recent, posthumous publication (40 years after Berman wrote the first draft and 7 years since his death) can make to current debates over approaches to forensic linguistics. Particular attention is given to Berman’s conceptualisation of law as a ‘living language’, as well (...)
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  41. M. Durrell (2006). Germanic Languages. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. 53--55.
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  42. Shimon Edelman, Characterizing Motherese: On the Computational Structure of Child-Directed Language.
    We report a quantitative analysis of the cross-utterance coordination observed in child-directed language, where successive utterances often overlap in a manner that makes their constituent structure more prominent, and describe the application of a recently published unsupervised algorithm for grammar induction to the largest available corpus of such language, producing a grammar capable of accepting and generating novel wellformed sentences. We also introduce a new corpus-based method for assessing the precision and recall of an automatically acquired generative grammar without recourse (...)
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  43. J. Edwards (2003). Dummett: Philosophy of Language. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (2):298-300.
    Book Information Dummett: Philosophy of Language. By Karen Green. Polity Press. Cambridge. 2002. Pp. xi + 220. Hardback, £55. Paperback, £14.99.
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  44. Koerner Efk (1976). The Importance of Linguistic Historiography and the Place of History in Linguistic Science. Foundations of Language 14 (4):541-547.
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  45. Dave Elder‐Vass (2014). Debate: Seven Ways to Be A Realist About Language. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (3):249-267.
    There are many differing ways to be a realist about language. This paper seeks to classify some of these and to examine the implications of each for the study of language. The principle of classification it adopts is that we may distinguish between realisms on the basis of what exactly it is that they take to be real. Examining in turn realisms that ascribe reality to the external world in general, to causal mechanisms, to innate capacities, to linguistic signs, to (...)
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  46. Timothy Endicott, Law and Language. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  47. Christina E. Erneling (1993). Understanding Language Acquisition: The Framework of Learning. State University of New York Press.
    She challenges the usefulness of the concept of a language of thought in explaining language acquisition, and draws on the later work of Wittgen.
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  48. Greg Evans (1986). Sign Language Research and Linguistic Theory. Nexus 5 (1):1.
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  49. Austin Fagothey (1958). The Language of Value. New Scholasticism 32 (2):260-262.
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  50. Jerry A. Fodor (1960). The Uses of 'Use': A Study in the Philosophy of Language. Dissertation, Princeton University
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