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  1. Robert Alexy (2002). The Argument From Injustice: A Reply to Legal Positivism. Oxford University Press.
    At the heart of this book is the age-old question of how law and morality are related. The legal positivist, insisting on the separation of the two, explicates the concept of law independently of morality. The author challenges this view, arguing that there are, first, conceptually necessary connections between law and morality and, second, normative reasons for including moral elements in the concept of law.
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  2. H. Aoi (2007). Significance and Limits of Principles-Oriented Legal Thinking. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  3. Brenda M. Baker (1997). Inclusive Legal Positivism W. J. Waluchow Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994, X + 290 Pp., References, Table of Cases, Index, $75.50. [REVIEW] Dialogue 36 (04):868-.
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  4. Stephen W. Ball (1984). Bibliographical Essay / Legal Positivism, Natural Law, and the Hart/Dworkin Debate. Criminal Justice Ethics 3 (2):68-85.
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  5. Rodger Beehler (1990). Legal Positivism, Social Rules, Andriggs V.Palmer. Law and Philosophy 9 (3):285 - 293.
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  6. Martin A. Bertman (1984). A Defense of Legal Positivism. Journal of Value Inquiry 18 (3):219-226.
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  7. Arturo Berumen Campos (2010). El Derecho Como Sistema de Actos de Habla: Elementos Para Una Teoría Comunicativa Del Derecho. Unam, Facultad de Derecho.
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  8. Uta Bindreiter (2002). Why Grundnorm?: A Treatise on the Implications of Kelsen's Doctrine. Kluwer Law International.
    Who presupposes Kelsen's basic norm? Is it possible to defend the presupposition in a way that is convincing? And what difference does the presupposition make? Endeavouring to highlight the role of basic assumptions in the law, the author argues that the verb "to presuppose', with Kelsen, has not only a conceptual but also a normative dimension; and that the expression 'presupposing the basic norm'is adequate in so far as it marks the descriptive-normative nature of utterances made in specifically legal speech-situations.Addressed (...)
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  9. Brian Bix (2006). Legal Positivism and 'Explaining' Normativity and Authority. American Philosophical Association Newsletter 5 (2 (Spring 2006)):5-9.
    It has become increasingly common for legal positivist theorists to claim that the primary objective of legal theory in general, and legal positivism in particular, is "explaining normativity." The phrase "explaining normativity" can be understood either ambitiously or more modestly. The more modest meaning is an analytical exploration of what is meant by legal or moral obligation, or by the authority claims of legal officials. When the term is understood ambitiously - as meaning an explanation of how conventional and other (...)
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  10. Jes Bjarup (2005). Continental Perspectives on Natural Law Theory and Legal Positivism. In Martin P. Golding & William A. Edmundson (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory. Blackwell Pub.. 287--299.
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  11. Norman E. Bowie (1974). The “War” Between Natural Law Philosophy and Legal Positivism. Idealistic Studies 4 (2):145-155.
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  12. Thom Brooks (2007). Between Natural Law and Legal Positivism: Dworkin and Hegel on Legal Theory. Georgia State University Law Review 23 (3):513-60.
    In this article, I argue that - despite the absence of any clear influence of one theory on the other - the legal theories of Dworkin and Hegel share several similar and, at times, unique positions that join them together within a distinctive school of legal theory, sharing a middle position between natural law and legal positivism. In addition, each theory can help the other in addressing certain internal difficulties. By recognizing both Hegel and Dworkin as proponents of a position (...)
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  13. Thom Brooks (2005). Hegel's Ambiguous Contribution to Legal Theory. Res Publica 11 (1):85-94.
    Hegel's legacy is particularly controversial, not least in legal theory. He has been classified as a proponent of either natural law, legal positivism, the historical school, pre-Marxism, postmodern critical theory, and even transcendental legal theory. To what degree has Hegel actually influenced contemporary legal theorists? This review article looks at Michael Salter's collection Hegel and Law. I look at articles on civil disobedience, contract law, feminism, and punishment. I conclude noting similarities between Hegel's legal theory and that of Ronald Dworkin. (...)
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  14. H. G. Callaway (2012). Review of Cassese, Five Masters of International Law. [REVIEW] Law and Politics Book Review 22 (1):154-161.
    Focused on five prominent scholars of international law, and casting light on the related institutions which frequently engaged them, the present book provides insight into chief currents of international law during the last decades of the twentieth century. Spanning the gap, in some degree, between Anglo-American and continental approaches to international law, the volume consists of short intellectual portraits, combined with interviews, of selected specialists in international law. The interviews were conducted by the editor, Antonio Cassese, between 1993 and 1995 (...)
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  15. Umberto Campagnolo (2010). Conversazioni Con Hans Kelsen: Documenti Dell'esilio Ginevrino, 1933-1940. Giuffrè.
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  16. Tom Campbell (2004). Prescriptive Legal Positivism: Law, Rights and Democracy. Cavendish Publishing.
    Tom Campbell is well known for his distinctive contributions to legal and political philosophy over three decades. In emphasising the moral and political importance of taking a positivist approach to law and rights, he has challenged current academic orthodoxies and made a powerful case for regaining and retaining democratic control over the content and development of human rights. This collection of his essays reaches back to his pioneering work on socialist rights in the 1980s and forward from his seminal book, (...)
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  17. R. Campione (2007). El Lugar Del Derecho En Una Teoría de la Sociedad. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  18. Pierluigi Chiassoni (2008). On the Wrong Track: Andrei Marmor on Legal Positivism, Interpretation, and Easy Cases. Ratio Juris 21 (2):248-267.
    Abstract. The paper argues for the following points: (1) Marmor's own understanding of "legal positivism" is different from the understanding defended, e.g., by Herbert Hart and Norberto Bobbio, and apparently misleads him into the wrong track of a theoretical inversion; (2) Marmor's two-stages model of (legal) interpretation—the understanding-interpretion model—provides no support for Marmor's own positivistic theory of law; (3) Marmor's concept of interpretation is at odds both with the basic tenets of Hartian and Continental methodological legal positivism, on the one (...)
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  19. T. Christiano & S. Sciaraffa (2003). Legal Positivism and the Nature of Legal Obligation. Law and Philosophy 22 (5):487-512.
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  20. Jules L. Coleman (2009). Beyond Inclusive Legal Positivism. Ratio Juris 22 (3):359-394.
    In this essay, I characterize the original intervention that became Inclusive Legal Positivism, defend it against a range of powerful objections, explain its contribution to jurisprudence, and display its limitations and its modest jurisprudential significance. I also show how in its original formulations ILP depends on three notions that are either mistaken or inessential to law: the separability thesis, the rule of recognition, and the idea of criteria of legality. The first is false and is in event inessential to legal (...)
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  21. Jules L. Coleman & Brian Leiter (1996). Legal Positivism. In Dennis M. Patterson (ed.), A Companion to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory. Blackwell Publishers.
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  22. Luis M. Cruz (2007). Neoconstitucionalismo y Positivismo Jurídico. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  23. Michael Cuffaro (2011). On Thomas Hobbes's Fallible Natural Law Theory. History of Philosophy Quarterly 28 (2):175-190.
    It is not clear, on the face of it, whether Thomas Hobbes's legal philosophy should be considered to be an early example of legal positivism or continuous with the natural-law tradition. On the one hand, Hobbes's command theory of law seems characteristically positivistic. On the other hand, his conception of the "law of nature," as binding on both sovereign and subject, seems to point more naturally toward a natural-law reading of his philosophy. Yet despite this seeming ambiguity, Hobbes scholars, for (...)
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  24. Huib M. De Jong & Wouter G. Werner (1998). Continuity and Change in Legal Positivism. Law and Philosophy 17 (3):233-250.
    Institutional theory of law (ITL) reflects both continuity and change of Kelsen's legal positivism. The main alteration results from the way ITL extends Hart's linguistic turn towards ordinary language philosophy (OLP). Hart holds – like Kelsen – that law cannot be reduced to brute fact nor morality, but because of its attempt to reconstruct social practices his theory is more inclusive. By introducing the notion of law as an extra-linguistic institution ITL takes a next step in legal positivism and accounts (...)
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  25. A. Del Real Alcalá (2007). Certeza Del Derecho Vs. Indeterminación Jurídica? El Debate Entre Positivistas y Antipositivistas. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  26. M. J. Detmold (1988). Book Review:An Institutional Theory of Law: New Approaches to Legal Positivism. Neil MacCormick, Ota Weinberger. [REVIEW] Ethics 98 (2):395-.
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  27. M. J. Detmold (1984). The Unity of Law and Morality: A Refutation of Legal Positivism. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    I REASONS FOR ACTION.i Practical thought is concerned with action. Reasons for action are sometimes thought to be either conditional (conditional upon some ...
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  28. Jasper Doomen (2011). The Meaning of ‘International Law’. The International Lawyer 45 (3):881-893.
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  29. William A. Edmundson (forthcoming). Schmegality. Jurisprudence.
    This is a review essay on Scott J. Shapiro's Legality, published in 2011 by Harvard U.P.
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  30. Kenneth M. Ehrenberg (2011). The Anarchist Official: A Problem for Legal Positivism. Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy 36:89-112.
    I examine the impact of the presence of anarchists among key legal officials upon the legal positivist theories of H.L.A. Hart and Joseph Raz. For purposes of this paper, an anarchist is one who believes that the law cannot successfully obligate or create reasons for action beyond prudential reasons, such as avoiding sanction. I show that both versions of positivism require key legal officials to endorse the law in some way, and that if a legal system can continue to exist (...)
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  31. R. Escudero Alday (2007). Arguments Against Inclusive Legal Positivism. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  32. J. B. Etcheverry (2007). What has Been the Outcome of the ILP/ELP Debate? In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  33. F. Fleerackers (2007). Aeffective Law Through Legal Education : The Role of Lawyers in Interaction and Negotiation. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  34. I. B. Flores (2007). Legisprudence : The Forms and Limits of Legislation. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  35. Lon L. Fuller (1978). The Law in Quest of Itself: Being a Series of Three Lectures Provided by the Julius Rosenthal Foundation for General Law, and Delivered at the Law School of Northwestern University at Chicago in April, 1940. Ams Press.
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  36. Lon L. Fuller (1966/1999). The Law in Quest of Itself. Lawbook Exchange.
    Fuller, Lon L. The Law in Quest of Itself.
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  37. A. García Figueroa (2007). The Pseudo-Problem of Legal Theory and the Rise of Neo-Constitutionalism. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  38. Robert P. George (ed.) (1996). The Autonomy of Law: Essays on Legal Positivism. Oxford University Press.
    This collection of original papers from distinguished legal theorists offers a challenging assessment of the nature and viability of legal positivism, a branch of legal theory which continues to dominate contemporary legal theoretical debates. To what extent is the law adequately described as autonomous? Should law claim autonomy? These and other questions are addressed by the authors in this carefully edited collection, and it will be of interest to all lawyers and scholars interested in legal philosophy and legal theory.
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  39. Daniel González Lagier (2009). Emociones, Responsabilidad y Derecho. Marcial Pons.
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  40. C. Grant (2009). Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals, Fifty Years On: Institutions of Law: An Essay in Legal Theory, by Neil MacCormick. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2007. 336 Pp. $75.00 (Cloth). Law as a Moral Idea, by Nigel Simmonds. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2007. 220 Pp. $65.00 (Cloth). Objectivity and the Rule of Law, by Matthew Kramer. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007. 260 Pp. $75.00 (Cloth); $27.99 (Paper). [REVIEW] Political Theory 37 (1):167-173.
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  41. Claire Grant (2009). Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals, Fifty Years On. [REVIEW] Political Theory 37 (1):167 - 173.
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  42. Michael Steven Green (2011). Leiter on the Legal Realists. Law and Philosophy 30 (4):381-418.
    In this essay reviewing Brian Leiter’s recent book Naturalizing Jurisprudence, I focus on two positions that distinguish Leiter’s reading of the American legal realists from those offered in the past. The first is his claim that the realists thought the law is only locally indeterminate – primarily in cases that are appealed. The second is his claim that they did not offer a prediction theory of law, but were instead committed to a standard positivist theory. Leiter’s reading is vulnerable, because (...)
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  43. Michael Steven Green (2008). Kelsen, Quietism, and the Rule of Recognition. In Matthew D. Adler & Kenneth E. Himma (eds.), THE RULE OF RECOGNITION AND THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION. Oxford University Press.
    Sometimes the fact that something is the law can be justified by the law. For example, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is the law because it was enacted by Congress pursuant to the Commerce Clause. But eventually legal justification of law ends. The ultimate criteria of validity in a legal system cannot themselves be justified by law. According to H.L.A. Hart, justification of these ultimate criteria is still available, by reference to social facts concerning official acceptance - facts about what Hart calls (...)
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  44. Matthew Grellette (2010). Legal Positivism and the Separation of Existence and Validity. Ratio Juris 23 (1):22-40.
    This paper centers upon the issue, within the project of analytic jurisprudence, of how to construe the status of the legal activities of a state when there is a disjuncture between a nation's formal legal commitments, such as those stated within a bill or charter of rights, and the way in which its officials actually engage in the practice of law, i.e., legislation and adjudication. Although there are two positions within contemporary legal theory which focus directly on this issue (Inclusive (...)
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  45. M. H. & G. W. (1998). Continuity and Change in Legal Positivism. Law and Philosophy 17 (3):233-250.
    Institutional theory of law (ITL) reflects both continuity and change of Kelsen's legal positivism. The main alteration results from the way ITL extends Hart's linguistic turn towards ordinary language philosophy (OLP). Hart holds –like Kelsen – that law cannot be reduced to brute fact nor morality, but because of its attempt to reconstruct social practices his theory is more inclusive. By introducing the notion of law as an extra-linguistic institution ITL takes a next step in legal positivism and accounts for (...)
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  46. Carlos-Miguel Herrera (2004). La Philosophie du Droit de Hans Kelsen: Une Introduction. Presses de l'Université Laval.
    Une théorie qui veut établir les principes d'une science du droit, mais dont les fondements épistémologiques remontent aux premières années du XXe siècle, peut-elle garder sa validité de nos jours ?
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  47. K. E. Himma (2007). Conceptual Analysis , the Naturalistic Turn, and Legal Philosophy. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  48. K. E. Himma (2007). Missing a Piece : Legal Postivism and the Problem of Legal Obligation. In Josep J. Moreso (ed.), Legal Theory: Legal Positivism and Conceptual Analysis: Proceedings of the 22nd Ivr World Congress, Granada 2005, Volume I = Teoría Del Derecho: Positivismo Jurídico y Análisis Conceptual. Franz Steiner Verlag.
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  49. Kenneth Himma (2005). Final Authority to Bind with Moral Mistakes: On the Explanatory Potential of Inclusive Legal Positivism. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 24 (1):1-45.
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  50. Kenneth Einar Himma, Legal Positivism. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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