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  1. Madeleine Arseneault (2014). How to Criticize Lexical Accounts of Idioms. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (2):141-158.
    The semantics of idioms has traditionally treated the idiomatic phrase as a lexical item to which an idiomatic meaning is assigned, and in which remains inert the ordinary literal meaning of the phrase's constitutive words. I draw a distinction between metaphysical lexicalism and methodological lexicalism, and show how criticisms lodged against one kind of lexicalism leave the other intact. Once it is clarified that it is methodological lexicalism that is of interest, and what kind of evidence counts against methodological lexicalism (...)
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  2. Christian Bassac, Bruno Mery & Christian Retoré (2010). Towards a Type-Theoretical Account of Lexical Semantics. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19 (2):229-245.
    After a quick overview of the field of study known as “Lexical Semantics”, where we advocate the need of accessing additional information besides syntax and Montague-style semantics at the lexical level in order to complete the full analysis of an utterance, we summarize the current formulations of a well-known theory of that field. We then propose and justify our own model of the Generative Lexicon Theory, based upon a variation of classical compositional semantics, and outline its formalization. Additionally, we discuss (...)
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  3. Gerrit Burkert (1995). Lexical Semantics and Terminological Knowledge Representation. In Patrick Saint-Dizier & Evelyne Viegas (eds.), Computational Lexical Semantics. Cambridge University Press 165--184.
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  4. Alessandro Capone (2001). Review of Higginbotham Ed. Speaking of Events. [REVIEW] Linguistics 39 (6): 1179–1192..
    review of Higginbotham et al. -/- A Davidsonian approach.
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  5. Adam M. Croom (2014). Remarks on The Semantics of Racial Slurs. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 13:11-32.
    In “The Semantics of Racial Slurs,” an article recently published in Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, Hedger (2012) draws upon Kaplan’s (1999) distinction between descriptive and expressive content to argue that slurs are expressions with purely expressive content. Here I review the key considerations presented by Hedger (2012) in support of his purely expressive account of slurs and provide clear reasons for why it must ultimately be rejected. After reviewing the key cases Hedger (2012) offers for consideration in support of his (...)
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  6. Adam M. Croom (2014). Slurs, Stereotypes, and in-Equality: A Critical Review of “How Epithets and Stereotypes Are Racially Unequal”. Language Sciences 44:1-16.
    Are racial slurs always offensive and are racial stereotypes always negative? How, if at all, are racial slurs and stereotypes different and unequal for members of different races? Questions like these and others about slurs and stereotypes have been the focus of much research and hot debate lately, and in a recent article Embrick and Henricks (2013) aimed to address some of the aforementioned questions by investigating the use of racial slurs and stereotypes in the workplace. Embrick and Henricks (2013) (...)
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  7. Adam M. Croom (2014). The Semantics of Slurs: A Refutation of Pure Expressivism. Language Sciences 41:227-242.
    In several recent contributions to the growing literature on slurs, Hedger (2012, 2013) draws upon Kaplan’s (1999) distinction between descriptive and expressive content to argue that slurs are expressions with purely expressive content. The distinction between descriptive and expressive content and the view that slurs are expressions with purely expressive content has been widely acknowledged in prior work (e.g., Kaplan, 1999; Kratzer, 1999; Potts, 2003, 2005, 2007; Potts and Kawahara, 2004; Pullum and Rawlins, 2007; Potts et al., 2009), and Hedger (...)
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  8. Adam M. Croom (2013). Racial Epithets, Characterizations, and Slurs. Analysis and Metaphysics 12:11-24.
    Since at least 2008 linguists and philosophers of language have started paying more serious attention to issues concerning the meaning or use of racial epithets and slurs. In an influential article published in The Journal of Philosophy, for instance, Christopher Hom (2008) offered a semantic account of racial epithets called Combinatorial Externalism (CE) that advanced a novel argument for the exclusion of certain epithets from freedom of speech protection under the First Amendment (p. 435). Also in more recent work, “The (...)
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  9. D. A. Cruse (1986). Lexical Semantics. Cambridge University Press.
    Lexical Semantics is about the meaning of words. Although obviously a central concern of linguistics, the semantic behaviour of words has been unduly neglected in the current literature, which has tended to emphasize sentential semantics and its relation to formal systems of logic. In this textbook D. A. Cruse establishes in a principled and disciplined way the descriptive and generalizable facts about lexical relations that any formal theory of semantics will have to encompass. Among the topics covered in depth are (...)
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  10. H. Cuyckens, René Dirven & John R. Taylor (eds.) (2003). Cognitive Approaches to Lexical Semantics. Mouton De Gruyter.
    "This book provides a representative survey of early and more recent concerns in cognitively inspired lexical semantics.
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  11. Ken Daley (2010). The Structure of Lexical Concepts. Philosophical Studies 150 (3):349 - 372.
    Jerry Fodor (Concepts: Where cognitive science went wrong. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998) famously argued that lexical concepts are unstructured. After examining the advantages and disadvantages of both the classical approach to concepts and Fodor's conceptual atomism, I argue that some lexical concepts are, in fact, structured. Roughly stated, I argue that structured lexical concepts bear a necessary biconditional entailment relation to their structural constituents. I develop this account of the structure of lexical concepts within the framework of Pavel (...)
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  12. Guillermo Del Pinal (2015). Dual Content Semantics, Privative Adjectives and Dynamic Compositionality. Semantics and Pragmatics 8 (7):1-53.
    This paper defends the view that common nouns have a dual semantic structure that includes extension-determining and non-extension-determining components. I argue that the non-extension-determining components are part of linguistic meaning because they play a key compositional role in certain constructions, especially in privative noun phrases such as "fake gun" and "counterfeit document". Furthermore, I show that if we modify the compositional interpretation rules in certain simple ways, this dual content account of noun phrase modification can be implemented in a type-driven (...)
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  13. Ingrid Lossius Falkum & Agustin Vicente (2015). Polysemy: Current Perspectives and Approaches. Lingua:DOI: 10.1016/j.lingua.2015.02.00.
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  14. Jerry Fodor & Ernie Lepore (1998). The Emptiness of the Lexicon: Critical Reflections on J. Pustejovsky's the Generative Lexicon. Linguistic Inquiry 29:269-288.
    A certain metaphysical thesis about meaning that we'll call Informational Role Semantics (IRS) is accepted practically universally in linguistics, philosophy and the cognitive sciences: the meaning (or content, or `sense') of a linguistic expression1 is constituted, at least in part, by at least some of its inferential relations. This idea is hard to state precisely, both because notions like metaphysical constitution are moot and, more importantly, because different versions of IRS take different views on whether there are constituents of meaning (...)
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  15. Dirk Geeraerts (2010). Theories of Lexical Semantics. Oxford University Press.
    This text provides an introduction to the history and current state of theories of word meanings.
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  16. Michael Glanzberg (2007). Metaphor and Lexical Semantics. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 3 (1):1-47.
    This paper shows that several sorts of expressions cannot be interpreted metaphorically, including determiners, tenses, etc. Generally, functional categories cannot be interpreted metaphorically, while lexical categories can. This reveals a semantic property of functional categories, and it shows that metaphor can be used as a probe for investigating them. It also reveals an important linguistic constraint on metaphor. The paper argues this constraint applies to the interface between the cognitive systems for language and metaphor. However, the constraint does not completely (...)
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  17. J. A. G. Groenendijk, Dick de Jongh & M. J. B. Stokhof (eds.) (1986/1987). Foundations of Pragmatics and Lexical Semantics. Providence, Ri, Usa,Foris Publications ;.
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  18. Jess Gropen (1992). Affectedness and Direct Objects : The Role of Lexical Semantics in the Acquisition of Verb Argument Structure. In Beth Levin & Steven Pinker (eds.), Lexical & Conceptual Semantics. Blackwell 153-195.
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  19. Dirk Heylen (1995). Lexical Functions, Generative Lexicons and the World. In Patrick Saint-Dizier & Evelyne Viegas (eds.), Computational Lexical Semantics. Cambridge University Press 125--140.
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  20. J. R. Hobbs (2005). Toward a Useful Concept of Causality for Lexical Semantics. Journal of Semantics 22 (2):181-209.
    We do things in the world by exploiting our knowledge of what causes what. But in trying to reason formally about causality, there is a difficulty: to reason with certainty we need complete knowledge of all the relevant events and circumstances, whereas in everyday reasoning tasks we need a more serviceable but looser notion that does not make such demands on our knowledge. In this work the notion of ‘causal complex’ is introduced for a complete set of events and conditions (...)
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  21. Jerry R. Hobbs, William Croft, Todd Davies, Douglas Edwards & Kenneth Laws (1987). Commonsense Metaphysics and Lexical Semantics. Computational Linguistics 13 (3&4):241-250.
    In the TACITUS project for using commonsense knowledge in the understanding of texts about mechanical devices and their failures, we have been developing various commonsense theories that are needed to mediate between the way we talk about the behavior of such devices and causal models of their operation. Of central importance in this effort is the axiomatization of what might be called commonsense metaphysics. This includes a number of areas that figure in virtually every domain of discourse, such as granularity, (...)
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  22. Werner Hüllen & Rainer Schulze (eds.) (1988). Understanding the Lexicon: Meaning, Sense, and World Knowledge in Lexical Semantics. M. Niemeyer.
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  23. M. Israel (1996). Polarity Sensitivity as Lexical Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (6):619 - 666.
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  24. Michael Israel (1996). Scalar Implicature as Lexical Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 19:619-666.
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  25. Pinto Jean-Jacques (1996). Esquisse d'une psychanalyse scientifique (chapitre central du livre "La parole est aux discours", d'Éliane Pons et Jean-Jacques Pinto, 1996). Éditions Subjilectes.
    Chapitre méthodologique d'un livre co-écrit par Éliane Pons et J.-J. Pinto. Ce dernier, pour raisons professionnelles, n'avait indiqué son nom que dans cette partie intitulée "Esquisse d'une psychanalyse scientifique" (allusion respectueuse au titre de Freud "Esquisse d'une psychologie scientifique"), où se trouve expliquée en détail la méthode originale d'analyse de discours inventée et enseignée par lui : l'Analyse des Logiques Subjectives© (A.L.S.©).
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  26. Kent Johnson (2007). An Overview of Lexical Semantics. Philosophy Compass 3 (1):119-134.
    This article reviews some linguistic and philosophical work in lexical semantics. In Section 1, the general methods of lexical semantics are explored, with particular attention to how semantic features of verbs are associated with grammatical patterns. In Section 2, philosophical consequences and issues arising from this sort of research is reviewed.
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  27. Samir Karmakar, Designing Domain Ontology: A Study in Lexical Semantics.
    Preparing a multi-purpose lexicon requires a systematic analysis of inter-conceptual relations. These relations are of two types, namely (i) syntactic and (ii) semantic, which can further be decomposed to capture the greater explanatory adequacy. But the exploration of the lexical structure becomes intricate because of the hidden dynamics of the context; since traditionally, language has been viewed as a totality of lexicon and computation system, and major emphasis has been given to the designing of the computational system, considering the designing (...)
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  28. Jerrold Katz & Jerry Fodor (1963). The Structure of a Semantic Theory. Language 39:170-210.
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  29. Andrew Koontz-Garboden (2010). The Lexical Semantics of Derived Statives. Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (4):285-324.
    This paper investigates the semantics of derived statives, deverbal adjectives that fail to entail there to have been a preceding (temporal) event of the kind named by the verb they are derived from, e.g. darkened in a darkened portion of skin. Building on Gawron’s (The lexical semantics of extent verbs, San Diego State University, ms, 2009) recent observations regarding the semantics of extent uses of change of state verbs (e.g., Kim’s skin darkens between the knee and the calf) and Kennedy (...)
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  30. Beth Levin & Malka Rappaport Hovav (1996). Lexical Semantics and Syntactic Structure. In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Blackwell Reference
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  31. Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk (ed.) (1998). Lexical Semantics Cognition and Philosophy. Łódź University Press.
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  32. Peter Rolf Lutzeier (2006). Lexical Fields. In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier 79-87.
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  33. Fabrizio Macagno & Douglas Walton (2008). The Argumentative Structure of Persuasive Definitions. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (5):525 - 549.
    In this paper we present an analysis of persuasive definition based on argumentation schemes. Using the medieval notion of differentia and the traditional approach to topics, we explain the persuasiveness of emotive terms in persuasive definitions by applying the argumentation schemes for argument from classification and argument from values. Persuasive definitions, we hold, are persuasive because their goal is to modify the emotive meaning denotation of a persuasive term in a way that contains an implicit argument from values. However, our (...)
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  34. C. Nicolaiewsky & J. Correa (2009). Habilidades Cognitivolinguísticas E Segmentasao Lexical Em Braille. Paideia 19 (44):341-348.
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  35. William O'donohue (1989). Experimental Semantics: The Lexical Definitions of "Prejudice" and "Alcoholic". Journal of Mind and Behavior 10 (1).
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  36. Carita Paradis (2005). Ontologies and Construals in Lexical Semantics. Axiomathes 15 (4):541-573.
    The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework of lexical meaning, broadly along the lines of Cognitive Semantics (Langacker 1987a). Within the proposed model, all aspects of meaning are to be explained in terms of properties of ontologies in conceptual space, i.e. properties of content ontologies and schematic ontologies and construals which are imposed on the conceptual structures on the occasion of use. It is through the operations of construals on ontological structures that different readings of lexical expressions (...)
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  37. Jean-Jacques Pinto (2014). Diagnostic : différends ? Ciel ! Ouvertures 2 (octobre 2014):05-40.
    (English then french abstract) -/- This article, which can be read by non-psychoanalysts, intends to browse in four stages through the issue offered to our thinking : two (odd-numbered) stages analyzing the argument that provides its context, and two (even-numbered) of propositions presenting our views on what could be the content of the analytic discourse in the coming years. After this introduction, a first reading will point by point but informally review the argument of J.-P. Journet by showing that each (...)
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  38. Jean-Jacques Pinto (2010). Fantasme, discours, idéologie. Topique 2 (111):31 - 58.
    (English, then french abstract) : -/- Fantasy, Discourse, Ideology – Transmission Beyond Propaganda. -/- Propaganda is everywhere, not only in commercials or politics. It is aimed at faraway strangers as well as nearby friends and relations. Propaganda in fact relies on a certain type of psychic structure, one that is tuned to receive it and disseminate it. This structure is a result of an unconscious subjective identification which is therefore not open to change through either cognition, argumentation or reasoning. Propaganda’s (...)
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  39. Jean-Jacques Pinto (2004). Linguistique et psychanalyse : pour une approche logiciste. Marges Linguistiques 2 (novembre 2004):pp. 88-113.
    Nous envisagerons dans cet article la possibilité d'un abord pratique de la relation entre linguistique et psychanalyse : la modélisation linguistique des données mises au jour par la psychanalyse à partir de corpus tirés du discours courant. La validation de tels modèles d'après les critères requis par l'« approche logiciste » de J.-C. Gardin et J. Molino sera examinée sur un exemple précis que nous exposerons en détail : l'Analyse des Logiques Subjectives, modèle développé, publié et enseigné par nous depuis (...)
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  40. Pinto Jean-Jacques Pons Éliane (ed.) (1996). la parole est aux discours. Éditions Subjilectes.
  41. Jaan Puhvel (1975). Lexical and Etymological Observations on Hittite Ark-. Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (2):262-264.
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  42. J. Pustejovsky & Bran Boguraev (eds.) (1997). Lexical Semantics: The Problem of Polysemy. Oxford University Press.
    Lexical ambiguity presents one of the most intractable problems for language processing studies and, not surprisingly, it is at the core of research in lexical semantics. Originally published as two special issues of the Journal of Semantics, this collection focuses on the problem of polysemy, from the point of view of practitioners of computational linguistics.
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  43. James Pustejovsky & Branimir Boguraev (1995). Introduction: Lexical Semantics in Context. Journal of Semantics 12 (1):1-14.
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  44. Yael Ravin (1990). Lexical Semantics Without Thematic Roles. Oxford University Press.
    In this interpretive analysis, Ravin argues that thematic roles are not valid semantic entities, and that syntax and semantics are indeed autonomous and independent of one another. Suggesting a decompositional approach to lexical semantics in the spirit of Katz's semantic theory, the book considers such theoretical issues as indeterminacy and ambiguity, lexical configuration rules, and lexical projection, and analyzes the semantic content of event concepts such as causation, action, and change.
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  45. William Rothwell (1980). Lexical Borrowing In A Medieval Context. Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 63 (1):118-143.
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  46. Nilda Ruimy, Elisabetta Gola & Monica Monachini (2001). 20 Lexicography Informs Lexical Semantics: The SIMPLE Experience. In Pierrette Bouillon & Federica Busa (eds.), The Language of Word Meaning. Cambridge University Press 350.
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  47. Patrick Saint-Dizier & Evelyne Viegas (eds.) (1995). Computational Lexical Semantics. Cambridge University Press.
    Lexical semantics has become a major research area within computational linguistics, drawing from psycholinguistics, knowledge representation, computer algorithms and architecture. Research programmes whose goal is the definition of large lexicons are asking what the appropriate representation structure is for different facets of lexical information. Among these facets, semantic information is probably the most complex and the least explored.Computational Lexical Semantics is one of the first volumes to provide models for the creation of various kinds of computerised lexicons for the automatic (...)
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  48. Paul Saka (1991). Lexical Decomposition in Cognitive Semantics. Dissertation, The University of Arizona
    This dissertation formulates, defends, and exemplifies a semantic approach that I call Cognitive Decompositionism. Cognitive Decompositionism is one version of lexical decompositionism, which holds that the meaning of lexical items are decomposable into component parts. Decompositionism comes in different varieties that can be characterized in terms of four binary parameters. First, Natural Decompositionism contrasts with Artful Decompositionism. The former views components as word-like, the latter views components more abstractly. Second, Convenient Decompositionism claims that components are merely convenient fictions, while Real (...)
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  49. Alfred Schramm (2012). Some Comments on Lehrer Semantics. Philosophical Studies 161 (1):109-117.
    Lehrer Semantics, as it was devised by Adrienne and Keith Lehrer, is imbedded in a comprehensive web of thought and observations of language use and development, communication, and social interaction, all these as empirical phenomena. Rather than for a theory, I take it for a ‘‘model’’ of the kind which gives us guidance in how to organize linguistic and language-related phenomena. My comments on it are restricted to three aspects: In 2 I deal with the question of how Lehrerian sense (...)
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  50. Michael Stubbs (2001). Words and Phrases: Corpus Studies of Lexical Semantics. Blackwell Publishers.
    This book fills a gap in studies of meaning by providing detailed case studies of attested corpus data on the meanings of words and phrases.
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