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Malpractice

Edited by Ruchika Mishra (Program in Medicine and Human Values, California Pacific Medical Center)
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  1. George J. Annas (1985). Conflicts-of-Interest Disqualification in Medical Malpractice Litigation. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (5):233-236.
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  2. George J. Annas (1977). Doctors Sue Lawyers: Malpractice Inside Out. Hastings Center Report 7 (5):15-16.
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  3. Tom Baker (2005). Reconsidering the Harvard Medical Practice Study Conclusions About the Validity of Medical Malpractice Claims. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):501-514.
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  4. Michael J. Barry, Pamela H. Wescott, Ellen J. Reifler, Yuchaio Chang & Benjamin W. Moulton (2008). Reactions of Potential Jurors to a Hypothetical Malpractice Suit Alleging Failure to Perform a Prostate-Specific Antigen Test. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):396-402.
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  5. M. D. Bayles & A. Caplan (1978). Medical Fallibility and Malpractice. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 3 (3):169-186.
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  6. Alessia T. Bell (2000). Criminal Law/Medical Malpractice: Court Strikes Down Murder Conviction of Physician Where Inappropriate Care Led to Patient's Death. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (2):194-195.
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  7. Margaret A. Bogie & Eric C. Marine (2009). Civil Lawsuits/Malpractice Professional Liability Claims Process. In Steven F. Bucky (ed.), Ethical and Legal Issues for Mental Health Professionals: In Forensic Settings. Brunner-Routledge.
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  8. Troyen A. Brennan (1995). Book Review: Suing for Medical Malpractice. [REVIEW] Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (1):96-100.
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  9. Howard Brody (1982). Commentary on "Error, Malpractice, and the Problem of Universals". Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (3):251-258.
    Minogue's criticism of MacIntyre and Gorovitz's concept of medicine as a science of individuals is flawed by an assumption of the perfectibility of science that is not well supported by experience to date. More significantly, both Minogue and MacIntyre and Gorovitz have been led astray by choosing to use the malpractice issue as a philosophical point of departure for an inquiry into medical error. The problem of error in medicine, and moral culpability for error, is of great philosophical interest but (...)
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  10. Arthur Caplan (1978). Medical Fallibility and Malpractice. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 3 (3):169-186.
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  11. Aaron E. Carroll, Parul Divya Parikh & Jennifer L. Buddenbaum (2012). The Impact of Defense Expenses in Medical Malpractice Claims. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):135-142.
    The objective of this study was to take a closer look at defense-related expenses for medical malpractice cases over time. We conducted a retrospective review of medical malpractice claims reported to the Physician Insurers Association of America's Data Sharing Project with a closing date between January 1, 1985 and December 31, 2008. On average a medical malpractice claim costs more than $27,000 to defend. Claims that go to trial are much more costly to defend than are those that are dropped, (...)
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  12. Don Chalmers & Robert Schwartz (1993). Malpractice Liability for the Failure to Adequately Educate Patients: The Australian Law of “Informed Consent” and Its Implications for American Ethics Committees. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (03):371-.
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  13. Mary McNaughton Collins, Floyd J. Fowler, Richard G. Roberts, Joseph E. Oesterling, George J. Annas & Michael J. Barry (1997). Medical Malpractice Implications of PSA Testing for Early Detection of Prostate Cancer. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 25 (4):234-242.
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  14. James P. Connors & Marvin S. Fish (1981). Should Physicians Have the Right to Approve Insurance Settlements for Their Alleged Malpractice? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 9 (6):30-42.
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  15. Patricia M. Danzon (1990). The "Crisis"in Medical Malpractice: A Comparison of Trends in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (1-2):48-58.
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  16. Kenneth De Ville (1998). Act First and Look Up the Law Afterward?: Medical Malpractice and the Ethics of Defensive Medicine. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (6):569-589.
    This essay examines the so-called phenomenon of defensive medicine and the problematic aspects of attempting to maintain the safest legal position possible. While physicians face genuine litigation threats they frequently overestimate legal peril. Many defensive practices are benign, but others alter patient care and increase costs in ways that are ethically suspect. Physicians should learn to evaluate realistically the legal risks of their profession and weigh the emotional, physical, and financial costs to the patient before employing a defensive measure.
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  17. A. Edward Doudera (1978). Can or Should a Hospital Require its Medical Staff to Obtain Malpractice Insurance? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 6 (2):16-17.
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  18. Lee J. Dunn (1980). Legislative Efforts to Reform Medical Malpractice: Unconstitutional in Practice? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 8 (4):8-10.
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  19. Charles R. Ellington, Martey Dodoo, Robert Phillips, Ronald Szabat, Larry Green & Kim Bullock (2010). State Tort Reforms and Hospital Malpractice Costs. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):127-133.
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  20. Autumn Fiester (2004). Physicians and Strikes: Can a Walkout Over the Malpractice Crisis Be Ethically Justified? American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):12 – 16.
    Malpractice insurance rates have created a crisis in American medicine. Rates are rising and reimbursements are not keeping pace. In response, physicians in the states hardest hit by this crisis are feeling compelled to take political action, and the current action of choice seems to be physician strikes. While the malpractice insurance crisis is acknowledged to be severe, does it justify the extreme action of a physician walkout? Should physicians engage in this type of collective action, and what are the (...)
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  21. Arthur S. Frankston (1980). Malpractice Arbitration: A Response. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 8 (5):2-2.
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  22. Barry R. Furrow (1993). Quality Control in Health Care: Developments in the Law of Medical Malpractice. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):173-192.
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  23. Barry R. Furrow (1982). Diminished Lives and Malpractice: Courts Stalled in Transition. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 10 (3):100-107.
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  24. Barry R. Furrow (1981). Iatrogenesis and Medical Error: The Case for Medical Malpractice Litigation. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 9 (6):4-7.
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  25. Aaron Gershonowitz (1986). Legal Views of the Malpractice Crisis Tort Reform From Within. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 14 (2):80-82.
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  26. Jay Alexander Gold (1977). Judicial Review of Malpractice Reform Legislation: The Story so Far. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 5 (1):5-6.
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  27. Mark A. Hall (1989). The Malpractice Standard Under Health Care Cost Containment. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 17 (4):347-355.
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  28. Dean M. Harris & Chien-Chang Wu (2005). Medical Malpractice in the People's Republic of China: The 2002 Regulation on the Handling of Medical Accidents. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):456-477.
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  29. David N. Hoffman (2005). The Medical Malpractice Insurance Crisis, Again. Hastings Center Report 35 (2):15-19.
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  30. Bjørn Hofmann, Anne Myhr & Søren Holm (2013). Scientific Dishonesty—a Nationwide Survey of Doctoral Students in Norway. BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundThe knowledge of scientific dishonesty is scarce and heterogeneous. Therefore this study investigates the experiences with and the attitudes towards various forms of scientific dishonesty among PhD-students at the medical faculties of all Norwegian universities.MethodAnonymous questionnaire distributed to all post graduate students attending introductory PhD-courses at all medical faculties in Norway in 2010/2011. Descriptive statistics.Results189 of 262 questionnaires were returned (72.1%). 65% of the respondents had not, during the last year, heard or read about researchers who committed scientific dishonesty. One (...)
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  31. Edmund G. Howe (1998). Psychiatric Malpractice. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (1):65-67.
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  32. Gail Javitt & Elaine Lu (1992). Capping the Crisis: Medical Malpractice and Tort Reform. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (3):258-261.
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  33. Gary E. Jones (1989). Medical Malpractice and the Legal Standard of Care. Journal of Medical Humanities 10 (1):45-54.
    In this essay, I examine the relationship between lawsuits for medical malpractice and the legal standard of care. I suggest that there is an insidious, dynamic relationship between physicians' reactions to the recent increase in malpractice litigation and an artificial elevation of the legal standard of care. Since, that is, the legal standard for proper medical care is based upon the community standard of care rather than the reasonable person standard, to the extent that overtreatment or “defensive” medicine becomes widespread (...)
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  34. Allen Kachalia, Niteesh K. Choudhry & David M. Studdert (2005). Physician Responses to the Malpractice Crisis: From Defense to Offense. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):416-428.
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  35. Marshall B. Kapp (1989). Solving the Medical Malpractice Problem: Difficulties in Defining What "Works". Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 17 (2):156-165.
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  36. Carly N. Kelly & Michelle M. Mello (2005). Are Medical Malpractice Damages Caps Constitutional? An Overview of State Litigation. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):515-534.
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  37. L. Kilbrandon (1982). Medical Malpractice Law, A Comparative Law Study of Civil Responsibility Arising From Medical Care. Journal of Medical Ethics 8 (1):51-51.
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  38. Gerrit K. Kimsma (1992). Clinical Ethics in Assisting Euthanasia: Avoiding Malpractice in Drug Application. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (4):439-443.
    The debate on the ethical permissibility of euthanasia in medicine has a corollary in the ethical application of drugs. The overall moral limits of medical treatment apply evenly to the moral acceptability of the pharmacological aspect of the act of euthanasia. The pharmacological aspect of the act is of ethical importance not only for the person requesting an active ending of his or her life, but also for the grieving family. Keywords: effectivity, ideal euthanaticum, patient's/family's interest, pharmacology of euthanasia, routes (...)
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  39. Frank V. Lefevre, Teresa M. Waters & Peter P. Budetti (2000). A Survey of Physician Training Programs in Risk Management and Communication Skills for Malpractice Prevention. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):258-266.
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  40. A. Russell Localio (1985). Variations on $962,258: The Misuse of Data on Medical Malpractice. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (3):126-127.
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  41. Daniel Lorence, Robert Jameson & Jeanine Palilla (2009). Medical Ethics and Media-Created Crisis: A Case Study in Medical Malpractice Reform. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (2).
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  42. Anna Lumelsky (2003). Second Circuit Permits State Malpractice Suit Against HMO. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (4):734-736.
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  43. Thomas May & Mark P. Aulisio (2001). Medical Malpractice, Mistake Prevention, and Compensation. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (2):135-146.
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  44. Maxwell J. Mehlman (2012). Medical Practice Guidelines as Malpractice Safe Harbors: Illusion or Deceit? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):286-300.
    American medicine has long sought to control the standard of care that physicians are expected to provide to their patients. One effort to insulate the standard of care from external interference, called a “safe harbors” approach, would enable physicians to avoid liability for malpractice if they adhered to medical practice guidelines. The idea is to eliminate the “battle of experts” and reduce defensive medicine by requiring judges and juries to accept guidelines as conclusive evidence of the standard of care. Yet (...)
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  45. Michelle M. Mello (2005). Managing Malpractice Crises. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):414-415.
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  46. Alan C. Milstein (2008). Research Malpractice and the Issue of Incidental Findings. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):356-360.
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  47. Brendan P. Minogue (1982). Error, Malpractice, and the Problem of Universals. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (3):239-250.
    This article begins with a criticism of Mclntyre and Gorovitz's account of medical error. Their theory implies that error, at least sometimes, it a necessary consequence of the inductive character of medical inquiry. The counter intuitive consequences of this account suggest that the issues surrounding induction may not be the most fertile area for developing a coherent interpretation of medical error. Given these shortcomings, I develop a new theory which assumes that the best philosophical soil for constructing a theory of (...)
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  48. E. Haavi Morreim (2004). Litigation in Clinical Research: Malpractice Doctrines Versus Research Realities. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (3):474-484.
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  49. Wendy L. Packman, Mithran G. Cabot & Bruce Bongar (1994). Malpractice Arising From Negligent Psychotherapy: Ethical, Legal, and Clinical Implications of Osheroff V. Chestnut Lodge. Ethics and Behavior 4 (3):175 – 197.
    Traditionally, there have been few legal actions brought against psychotherapists that allege negligent psychotherapy and negligent treatment of psychiatric disorders. However, in the case of Osheroff v. Chestnut Lodge, a patient-physician (Dr. OsheroE) sued Chestnut Lodge, a private psychiatric facility, for negligence based on the staff's decision to apply a psychodynamic model of treatment (through psychotherapy) and not a biological model. The case sparked a heated debate between adherents of the psychodynamic model and those of the biological model. This article (...)
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  50. T. J. Papadimos (2006). Nietzsche's Morality: A Genealogy of Medical Malpractice. Medical Humanities 32 (2):107-110.
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