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Medical Ethics

Edited by Ruchika Mishra (Program in Medicine and Human Values, California Pacific Medical Center)
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  1. Francine Wynn (2002). The Early Relationship of Mother and Pre-Infant: Merleau-Ponty and Pregnancy. Nursing Philosophy 3 (1):4–14.
    This paper critically evaluates current conceptions of pregnancy as a possession of either mother or infant. In opposition to the more common stance that marks birth as the beginning of intercorporeality and perception, pregnancy is instead phenomenologically delineated as a chiasmic relationship between mother and her pre‐infant from a Merleau‐Pontian perspective. This paper maintains that during pregnancy a mother‐to‐be and her pre‐infant are deepened and modified through their intertwining.
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  2. &Na (2013). Moral Distress Among Healthcare Professionals at a Health System. Jona’s Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 15 (3):119-120.
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  3. &Na (2012). Living Kidney Donor Advocacy Program. Jona’s Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 14 (1):27-28.
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  4. &Na (2006). Use of Advance Directives in the Chronically Critically Ill. Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 8 (2):48-49.
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  5. Epilogue 241 (2002). Josef Seifert and Paulina Taboada. In Paulina Taboada, Kateryna Fedoryka Cuddeback & Patricia Donohue-White (eds.), Person, Society, and Value: Towards a Personalist Concept of Health. Kluwer Academic Pub..
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  6. Health: Two Idolatries 55 (2002). Pascal Ide. In Paulina Taboada, Kateryna Fedoryka Cuddeback & Patricia Donohue-White (eds.), Person, Society, and Value: Towards a Personalist Concept of Health. Kluwer Academic Pub..
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  7. The Concept of Mental Health 87 (2002). Armando Roa. In Paulina Taboada, Kateryna Fedoryka Cuddeback & Patricia Donohue-White (eds.), Person, Society, and Value: Towards a Personalist Concept of Health. Kluwer Academic Pub..
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  8. On Relational Paradigm in Bioethics 89 (2002). Hu Xinhe. In Julia Lai Po-Wah Tao (ed.), Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the (Im) Possibility of Global Bioethics. Kluwer Academic Pub..
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  9. Jessica A. Knowlton & Jim Y. Wan (2011). An Analysis of United States Food and Drug Administration Warning Letters Issued to Clinical Investigators From 1996 Through 2011. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 2 (8).
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  10. Ruckmani A. & Vishaly S. (2012). Assessment of Barriers in Subject Recruitment for Clinical Trials. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 3 (1).
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  11. Ignacio Abásolo & Aki Tsuchiya (2013). Is More Health Always Better for Society? Exploring Public Preferences That Violate Monotonicity. Theory and Decision 74 (4):539-563.
    There has recently been some literature on the properties of a Health-Related Social Welfare Function (HRSWF). The aim of this article is to contribute to the analysis of the different properties of a HRSWF, paying particular attention to the monotonicity principle. For monotonicity to be fulfilled, any increase in individual health—other things equal—should result in an increase in social welfare. We elicit public preferences concerning trade-offs between the total level of health (concern for efficiency) and its distribution (concern for equality), (...)
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  12. P. Abastado & D. Chemla (2008). A Portrait of a Female Body: Rubens and Helena's Legs. Medical Humanities 34 (2):84-87.
    For a long time the Western world was in a state of denial about the human body. There were conventions governing its representation and it could be regarded as an element of discourse. Between 1636 and 1638, Peter Paul Rubens painted a portrait of his second wife, Helena Fourment, entitled The little fur. This may be a turning-point in the perception of the body. We see in this work that the skin of this 22-year-old woman has lost its elasticity, her (...)
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  13. P. Abastado & D. Chemla (2007). Rembrandt's Doctors. Medical Humanities 33 (1):35-37.
    Medical doctors appear in numerous Rembrandt paintings and reciprocally, physicians interested in art have used their diagnostic skills in dissecting the painter’s work, especially his lifetime of self-portraits. The possible existence of skin and eye diseases, hypothyroidism and Horton’s disease, and psychiatric and psychological traits has been a matter of everlasting debate, as summarised in the present paper. Most of all, the ageing process reveals itself over time in the continuity of the self-portraits. In the quest for signs of illness, (...)
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  14. Imran N. Abbasi (2014). Protest of Doctors: A Basic Human Right or an Ethical Dilemma. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):24.
    Peaceful protests and strikes are a basic human right as stated in the United Nations’ universal declaration on human rights. But for doctors, their proximity to life and death and the social contract between a doctor and a patient are stated as the reasons why doctors are valued more than the ordinary beings. In Pakistan, strikes by doctors were carried out to protest against lack of service structure, security and low pay. This paper discusses the moral and ethical concerns pertaining (...)
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  15. Mahmoud Abbasi & Obeydollah Faraji (2013). Role of Ethics in Fair Allocation of Health Resources. Journal of Bioethics 2 (6):121-134.
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  16. Geraldine Agnes Abbatiello (1998). Rupture in the Ordinary. Dissertation, Loyola University of Chicago
    This qualitative research used the perspective and hermeneutic process of continental philosopher Paul Ricoeur. The question, what is the person's self understanding of personal identity amidst loss?, was an attempt to understand the lived experience of loss as explicated in a loss narrative. The researcher was also interested in the characteristics of a loss narrative. Although loss and grief are linked in the literature, the researcher posits two distinct phenomenon. ;Ricoeur provided a framework to explain how loss becomes an impediment (...)
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  17. H. D. C. Roscam Abbing (1993). Transplantation of Organs: A European Perspective. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (1):54-58.
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  18. Hdc Roscam Abbing (1988). Economics, Ethics, Law, and Medical Conduct. In Gavin H. Mooney & Alistair McGuire (eds.), Medical Ethics and Economics in Health Care. Oxford University Press.
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  19. Elmer D. Abbo & Angelo E. Volandes (2007). A Forced Choice: The Value of Requiring Advance Directives. Journal of Clinical Ethics 19 (2):127-140.
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  20. Ahmed M. Abdelmoktader & Khalil A. Abd Elhamed (2012). Egyptian Mothers' Preferences Regarding How Physicians Break Bad News About Their Child's Disability: A Structured Verbal Questionnaire. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):14.
    Breaking bad news to mothers whose children has disability is an important role of physicians. There has been considerable speculation about the inevitability of parental dissatisfaction with how they are informed of their child’s disability. Egyptian mothers’ preferences for how to be told the bad news about their child’s disability has not been investigated adequately. The objective of this study was to elicit Egyptian mothers’ preferences for how to be told the bad news about their child’s disability.
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  21. Sara Abiola & Inga Chernyak (2008). Recent Developments in Health Law. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):856-865.
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  22. Richard R. Abood (1985). Litigation on Third Party Prescription Programs: An Update. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 13 (2):75-81.
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  23. Richard R. Abood (1982). Pharmacists Challenge Third Party Prescription Programs: A Legal Analysis. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 10 (4):257-261.
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  24. Richard R. Abood (1982). The Legal Status of Unapproved Generic Drugs. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 10 (1):24-28.
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  25. Alaa Abou-Zeid, Mohammad Afzal & Henry J. Silverman (2009). Capacity Mapping of National Ethics Committees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):8.
    Ethics issues in the areas of science, technology and medicine have emerged during the last few decades. Many countries have responded by establishing ethics committees at the national level. Identification of National Ethics Committees (NECs) in the Eastern Mediterranean (EM) region and the extent of their functions and capacity would be helpful in developing capacity building programs that address the needs of these committees. Accordingly, we conducted a survey to determine the characteristics of existing NECs in the EM region.
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  26. Aneena Anna Abraham & V. Jithesh (2012). The Kerala Experience in Palliative Care: An Ethical Exploration From the Public Health Perspective. Asian Bioethics Review 4 (1):14-28.
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  27. Fredrick R. Abrams (2006). Doctors on the Edge: Will Your Doctor Break the Rules for You? Sentient Publications.
    A collection of dramatic accounts about doctors who have faced the moral dilemma of choosing between obeying rules and doing what is best for a patient offers insight into the essential principles of medical ethics and their impact on ...
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  28. Natalie Abrams (1977). Teaching Medical Ethics. Teaching Philosophy 2 (3/4):309-318.
    How one goes about teaching medical ethics greatly depends upon one's interpretation of the discipline itself. Before discussing pedagogical isslIes, the primary focus ofthe paper, I will address the question of what "philosophical" medical ethics is and is not. I will then suggest some alternative approac:hes forincluding such material in a variety of different contexts, including courses geared toward philosophy students, those focusing on undergraduate students preparing for careers in one of the health care professions, and those actually within professional (...)
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  29. Natalie Abrams & Michael D. Buckner (1983). Medical Ethics a Clinical Textbook and Reference for the Health Care Professions. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  30. R. C. Abrams (2010). Never Let Me Go. Medical Humanities 36 (1):61-61.
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  31. Robert Abrams (2010). Book Review: Never Let Me Go. [REVIEW] Medical Humanities 36 (1):61.
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  32. Erika L. Abramson, Sandra McGinnis, Alison Edwards, Dayna M. Maniccia, Jean Moore & Rainu Kaushal (2012). Electronic Health Record Adoption and Health Information Exchange Among Hospitals in New York State. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (6):1156-1162.
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  33. Arnab K. Acharya (2004). Toward Establishing a Universal Basic Health Norm. Ethics and International Affairs 18 (3):65–78.
    "In this article, I argue that under current resource constraints, institutional arrangements seeking to ensure commonly accepted egalitarian goals would engender the decrease of health status of many who do not currently enjoy particularly high levels of health.".
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  34. Bearbeitet von Peter Achilles (1986). Allgemeine Medizin ; Grundfragen Medizinischer Anthropologie. In Viktor von Weizsäcker (ed.), Gesammelte Schriften. Suhrkamp.
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  35. Bearbeitet von Peter Achilles (1986). Der Arzt Und der Kranke ; Stücke Einer Medizinischen Anthropologie. In Viktor von Weizsäcker (ed.), Gesammelte Schriften. Suhrkamp.
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  36. Bearbeitet von Peter Achilles & Walter Schindler (1986). Empirie Und Philosophie ; Herzarbeit/Naturbegrill. In Viktor von Weizsäcker (ed.), Gesammelte Schriften. Suhrkamp.
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  37. Bearbeitet von Peter Achilles & Martin Schrenk (1986). Fälle Und Probleme ; Klinische Vorstellungen. In Viktor von Weizsäcker (ed.), Gesammelte Schriften. Suhrkamp.
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  38. Rona Achilles (1989). Donor Insemination: The Future of a Public Secret. In Christine Overall (ed.), The Future of Human Reproduction. Women's Press.
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  39. Felicia Nimue Ackerman (2009). Death is a Punch in the Jaw: Life-Extension and its Discontents. In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oup Oxford.
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  40. Terrence F. Ackerman (forthcoming). The Ethics of Phase I Pediatric Oncology Trials. Irb.
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  41. Cathleen A. Acres, Kenneth Prager, George E. Hardart & Joseph J. Fins (2012). Credentialing the Clinical Ethics Consultant: An Academic Medical Center Affirms Professionalism and Practice. Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (2):156.
    In response to national trends calling for increasing accountability and an emerging dialogue within bioethics, we describe an effort to credential clinical ethicists at a major academic medical center. This effort is placed within the historical context of prior calls for credentialing and certification and efforts currently underway within organized bioethics to engage this issue. The specific details, and conceptual rationale, behind the New York-Presbyterian Hospital’s graduated credentialing plan are shared as is their evolution and ratification within the context of (...)
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  42. L. E. Acuna (2000). Don't Cry for Us Argentinians: Two Decades of Teaching Medical Humanities. Medical Humanities 26 (2):66-70.
    Medical humanities—history, literature, anthropology, ethics and fine arts applied to medicine—play an important role in medical education. For more than 20 years an effort has been made to obtain an academic identity for such a multidisciplinary approach. A distinction between humanitarianism and humanism is attempted here, the former being associated with medical care and the latter with medical education. In order more precisely to define the relationship between the arts and medicine, an alternative term “medical kalology”, as-yet-unsanctioned, coined after the (...)
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  43. Gyorgy Adam (1989). Gratuity for Doctors and Medical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (3):315-322.
    The habit of giving a gratuity became so frequent at the end of the 1950's that counter-measures were enacted. These have been completely ineffective. Although granting and accepting gratuities is forbidden by law, the wages of doctors have been fixed since 1954, for so long that accepting gratuities has come to be considered part of the wages, even in semi-official comments and in the media. The author is of the opinion that, in view of this anomaly, a fundamental transformation of (...)
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  44. David M. Adams (forthcoming). Medical Ethics and Competence for Execution. Journal of Clinical Ethics.
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  45. Harry Adams (2004). A Human Germline Modification Scale. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):164-173.
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  46. Pornpimon Adams, Waranya Wongwit, Krisana Pengsaa, Srisin Khusmith, Wijitr Fungladda, Warissara Chaiyaphan, Chanthima Limphattharacharoen, Sukanya Prakobtham & Jaranit Kaewkungwal (2013). Ethical Issues in Research Involving Minority Populations: The Process and Outcomes of Protocol Review by the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Thailand. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):33.
    Recruiting minorities into research studies requires special attention, particularly when studies involve “extra-vulnerable” participants with multiple vulnerabilities, e.g., pregnant women, the fetuses/neonates of ethnic minorities, children in refugee camps, or cross-border migrants. This study retrospectively analyzed submissions to the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Tropical Medicine (FTM-EC) in Thailand. Issues related to the process and outcomes of proposal review, and the main issues for which clarification/revision were requested on studies, are discussed extensively.
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  47. Adamu Addissie, Gail Davey, Melanie J. Newport, Thomas Addissie, Hayley MacGregor, Yeweyenhareg Feleke & Bobbie Farsides (2014). A Mixed-Methods Study on Perceptions Towards Use of Rapid Ethical Assessment to Improve Informed Consent Processes for Health Research in a Low-Income Setting. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):35.
    Rapid Ethical Assessment (REA) is a form of rapid ethnographic assessment conducted at the beginning of research project to guide the consent process with the objective of reconciling universal ethical guidance with specific research contexts. The current study is conducted to assess the perceived relevance of introducing REA as a mainstream tool in Ethiopia.
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  48. Clement A. Adebamowo (2010). Medical Ethics Education: A Survey of Opinion of Medical Students in a Nigerian University. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 8 (2):85-93.
    In Nigeria, medical education remains focused on the traditional clinical and basic medical science components, leaving students to develop moral attitudes passively through observation and intuition. In order to ascertain the adequacy of this method of moral formations, we studied the opinions of medical students in a Nigerian university towards medical ethics training. Self administered semi-structured questionnaires were completed by final year medical students of the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. There were 82 (64.1%) male and 44 (34.4%) (...)
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  49. Olujide A. Adekeye, Curbing Malpractice in Examinations: The Antidote for a Sane Society.
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  50. The General Systems Theory: An Adequate (2002). Paulina Taboada. In Paulina Taboada, Kateryna Fedoryka Cuddeback & Patricia Donohue-White (eds.), Person, Society, and Value: Towards a Personalist Concept of Health. Kluwer Academic Pub..
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