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  1. Joseph Agassi (1996). Prescriptions for Responsible Psychiatry. In William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.), The Philosophy of Psychology. Sage Publications 339.
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  2. Taoufik Alsaadi (2014). Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures: What a Neurologist Should Know. Health 6: 2081-2088.
    Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES eww140918dxn) are episodes of movement, sensation or behavior changes similar to epileptic seizures but without neurological origin. They are somatic manifestations of psychological distress. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of the practical aspects of this, most often misdiagnosed disorder, which will be of clinical relevance to all practicing neurologists. Patients with PNES are often misdiagnosed and treated for epilepsy for years, resulting in significant morbidity. Video-EEG monitoring is the gold standard (...)
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  3. Javier Alvarez-Rodriguez (2014). Psychic Neuronal Hypersynchronies: A New Psychiatric Paradigm? Health 6:2089-2099.
    This paper deals with eww20140918dxn certain psychic automatisms that appear suddenly in the consciousness of the subject in a passive or automatic way and that usually are diagnosed as psychiatric symptoms or manifestations of an epileptic partial seizure. These mental automatisms are described in many writings by mystics, philosophers, literates, composers, and many different great artists and creators from human history, but they did not confer any pathological value on these experiences. The analysis of the epileptogenic activity gives us arguments (...)
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  4. Abraham Mainaji Amlogu (2014). Tailored Functional Recipe (TFR) Approach to Delay the Progression of HIV to AIDS Among People Living with HIV (PLWH) in Abuja, Nigeria. Pharmacology and Pharmacy 5:926-936.
    Background: HIV/AIDS is a pandemic disease and its scourge has had a devastating impact on health, nutrition, food security and overall socioeconomic development in affected countries. Moreover, intervention programmes, which simply employ antiretroviral drugs, have been found to lack effectiveness particularly when the patient is under-nourished. Aim and Purpose: This presented pilot intervention provides evidence that suggests use of local resources as therapeutic nutrition. This can act as a fundamental part of the comprehensive package of care at the country level. (...)
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  5. Challenges Faced by Village Health Teams Amuru, Gulu & Pader Districts in Northern Uganda (2014). Challenges Faced by Village Health Teams (VHTs) in Amuru, Gulu and Pader Districts in Northern Uganda. OJPM 4: 740-750.
    Primary health care provision through innovative community level interventions such as the Village Health Team (VHT) concept in Uganda can be a rational way of achieving universal access to healthcare. This cross-sectional study interviewed 150 VHT members and 16 key informants in three districts in Northern Uganda to establish the roles of VHTs, the service gaps encountered and the measures in place to address these gaps. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0. Direct content analysis of themes of transcribed qualitative (...)
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  6. Seth Christopher Yaw Appiah (2014). MR. International Journal Of Humanities and Social Studies 2 (6):276-280-2014.
  7. Robert Arp, Barry Smith & Andrew Spear (forthcoming). Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology. MIT Press, August 7, 2015.
    In the era of “big data,” science is increasingly information driven, and the potential for computers to store, manage, and integrate massive amounts of data has given rise to such new disciplinary fields as biomedical informatics. Applied ontology offers a strategy for the organization of scientific information in computer-tractable form, drawing on concepts not only from computer and information science but also from linguistics, logic, and philosophy. This book provides an introduction to the field of applied ontology that is of (...)
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  8. Robert Avens (1982). Heidegger and Archetypal Psychology. Philosophy Documentation Center.
    Heidegger's notion of dasein, Understood as the pre-Conceptual togetherness of man and world, Is deepened by going back to the "beginnings" of this togetherness in the imaginal (archaic) psyche, Which archetypal psychology, Founded by james hillman, Envisions--In the wake of the platonic tradition--As part of the "anima mundi". As a result the phenomenological call "back to the things themselves" is redefined in the sense of "back to the images themselves." imagination in its fully creative import is seen as equivalent to (...)
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  9. Serpil Aydogmus (2014). Management and Results of Ectopic Pregnancy Adapted by Clinical Guidelines: Two Years Experience of University Hospital in Turkey. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 4 (13):766-770.
    Ectopic pregnancy is defined as the fertilized ovum implants in a location outside the endometrial cavity, remains to be an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide and is a health problem with incidence ranges between 0.25% and 2% of all pregnancies. In our study, in Izmir Katip Celebi University Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology from 2011 to 2013, 96 cases with diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy managed by the adapted RCOG’s Guide were analyzed retrospectively. (...)
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  10. Indranil Banerjee (2014). Case Series of Mullerian Developmental Defects Encountered in a Tertiary Care Hospital: A One-Year Experience. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 4:733-744.
    Congenital anomalies of the female reproductive tract may involve the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, or vagina. Depending on the specific defect, a woman’s obstetric and gynecologic health may be adversely affected. In the present series patients presenting in the outpatient department with diagnosed Mullerian abnormalities were classified into several categories based on their presenting complaints. These patients were offered proper judicious management and were followed up as required. After one year of study period it was clear that most of these (...)
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  11. Jerry Batzel & Mostafa Bachar (2010). Modeling the Cardiovascular-Respiratory Control System: Data, Model Analysis, and Parameter Estimation. Acta Biotheoretica 58 (4):369-380.
    Several key areas in modeling the cardiovascular and respiratory control systems are reviewed and examples are given which reflect the research state of the art in these areas. Attention is given to the interrelated issues of data collection, experimental design, and model application including model development and analysis. Examples are given of current clinical problems which can be examined via modeling, and important issues related to model adaptation to the clinical setting.
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  12. By Jeffrey P. Bishop, Philipp W. Rosemann & And Frederick W. Schmidt (2008). Fides Ancilla Medicinae: On the Ersatz Liturgy of Death in Biopsychosociospiritual Medicine. Heythrop Journal 49 (1):20–43.
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  13. Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2004). Normalizing Medical Ontologies Using Basic Formal Ontology. In Proceedings of GMDS 2004.
    Description Logics are nowadays widely accepted as formalisms which provide reasoning facilities which allow us to discover inconsistencies in ontologies in an automatic fashion. Where ontologies are developed in modular fashion, they allow changes in one module to propogated through the system of ontologies automatically in a way which helps to maintain consistency and stability. For this feature to be utilized effectively, however, requires that domain ontologies be represented in a normalized form.
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  14. OIivier Bodenreider, Barry Smith & Anita Burgun (2004). The Ontology-Epistemology Divide: A Case Study in Medical Terminology. In Achille Varzi & Laure Vieu (eds.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the Third International Conference (FOIS 2004),. IOS Press
    Medical terminology collects and organizes the many different kinds of terms employed in the biomedical domain both by practitioners and also in the course of biomedical research. In addition to serving as labels for biomedical classes, these names reflect the organizational principles of biomedical vocabularies and ontologies. Some names represent invariant features (classes, universals) of biomedical reality (i.e., they are a matter for ontology). Other names, however, convey also how this reality is perceived, measured, and understood by health professionals (i.e., (...)
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  15. Olivier Bodenreider, Barry Smith, Anand Kumar & Anita Burgun (2007). Investigating Subsumption in SNOMED CT: An Exploration Into Large Description Logic-Based Biomedical Terminologies”,. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine 39:183-195.
    Formalisms based on one or other flavor of Description Logic (DL) are sometimes put forward as helping to ensure that terminologies and controlled vocabularies comply with sound ontological principles. The objective of this paper is to study the degree to which one DL-based biomedical terminology (SNOMED CT) does indeed comply with such principles. We defined seven ontological principles (for example: each class must have at least one parent, each class must differ from its parent) and examined the properties of SNOMED (...)
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  16. James J. Bono (1990). Reform and the Languages of Renaissance Theoretical Medicine: Harvey Versus Fernel. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 23 (3):341 - 387.
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  17. Jenifer Booth (2013). Towards a Pre-Modern Psychaitry. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Responding to the work of previous critics of psychiatry, who have associated its undue dominance with both a modern scientific paradigm and political factors, I put forward a theoretical challenge based on MacIntyre`s work on Aquinas and Aristotle, but adding the museum and assembly as conceptual thinking tools. -/- MacIntyre`s work on practices, tradition-constituted enquiry, Marxist ideology and Kuhn are all used in putting forward a pre-modern view of knowledge. The feminist philosophy of Luce Irigaray widens the project to include (...)
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  18. Alex Broadbent (2011). Defining Neglected Disease. Biosocieties 6 (1):51-70.
    In this article I seek to say what it is for something to count as a neglected disease. I argue that neglect should be defined in terms of efforts at prevention, mitigation and cure, and not solely in terms of research dollars per disability-adjusted life-year. I further argue that the trend towards multifactorialism and risk factor thinking in modern epidemiology has lent credibility to the erroneous view that the primary problem with neglected diseases is a lack of research. A more (...)
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  19. Alex Broadbent (2011). Inferring Causation in Epidemiology: Mechanisms, Black Boxes, and Contrasts. In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press 45--69.
    This chapter explores the idea that causal inference is warranted if and only if the mechanism underlying the inferred causal association is identified. This mechanistic stance is discernible in the epidemiological literature, and in the strategies adopted by epidemiologists seeking to establish causal hypotheses. But the exact opposite methodology is also discernible, the black box stance, which asserts that epidemiologists can and should make causal inferences on the basis of their evidence, without worrying about the mechanisms that might underlie their (...)
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  20. Sylvia Burrow (2012). On The Cutting Edge: Ethical Responsiveness to Cesarean Section Rates. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):44-52.
    Cesarean delivery rates have been steadily increasing worldwide. In response, many countries have introduced target goals to reduce rates. But a focus on target goals fails to address practices embedded in standards of care that encourage, rather than discourage, cesarean sections. Obstetrical standards of care normalize use of technology, creating an imperative to use technology during labor and birth. A technological imperative is implicated in rising cesarean rates if physicians or patients fear refusing use of technology. Reproductive autonomy is at (...)
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  21. Stanislaw R. Burzynski (2014). The Effect of Antineoplastons A10 and AS2-1 and Metabolites of Sodium Phenylbutyrate on Gene Expression in Glioblastoma MultiformeStanislaw R. Burzynski,. Journal of Cancer Therapy 5:929-945.
    Antineoplastons are peptide and amino acid derivatives that occur naturally in the human body. They inhibit the growth of neoplastic cells without growth inhibition of normal cells. Phenylacetylglutaminate (PG eww140918dxn) is an active ingredient of antineoplastons A10 and AS2-1 (ANP) and is also a metabolic by-product of phenylbutyrate (PB). The formulation of antineoplaston AS2-1 is a 4:1 mixture of phenylacetate (PN) and PG. Antineoplaston A10 is a 4:1 mixture of PG and isoPG. This study investigates the molecular mechanism of action (...)
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  22. V. C. C. (1956). A New Approach to the Origin of Cancer. Review of Metaphysics 9 (4):711-711.
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  23. Xinzhi Cao (2014). Research of Submerge Fermentation Conditions on Agaricus Blazei Murill. FNS 5:1926-1943.
    Rotational speed, temperature, inoculation amount and pH are the four factors that affect the submerge fermentation of Agaricus blazei Murill. The orthogonal experiment was on the basis of single factor experiments. And the optimal submerge fermentation condition of Agaricus blazei Murill was determined through orthogonal test. The results were as follows: temperature (25℃), rotational speed (150 r/min), inoculation amount (6%) and pH (7), in this condition the cell dry weight reached 1.32 g/100mL; temperature (25℃), rotational speed (150 r/min), inoculation amount (...)
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  24. Olio Center (1987). Mary B. Mahowald Sex-Role Stereotypes In Medicine. Hypatia 2 (2).
  25. Werner Ceusters, Peter Elkin & Barry Smith (2006). Referent Tracking: The Problem of Negative Findings. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 124:741-46.
    The paradigm of referent tracking is based on a realist presupposition which rejects so-called negative entities (congenital absent nipple, and the like) as spurious. How, then, can a referent tracking-based Electronic Health Record deal with what are standardly called ‘negative findings’? To answer this question we carried out an analysis of some 748 sentences drawn from patient charts and containing some form of negation. Our analysis shows that to deal with these sentences we need to introduce a new ontological relationship (...)
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  26. Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2015). Biomarkers in the Ontology for General Medical Science. In Ronald Cornet (ed.), Digital Healthcare Empowering Europeans. IOS Press 155-159.
    Based on the Ontology for General Medical Science, we propose definitions for biomarkers of various types of. These definitions provide not only a complete formal representation of what biomarkers are according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), but also remove the ambiguities and inconsistencies encountered in the documentation provided by the IOM.
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  27. Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2010). Foundations for a Realist Ontology of Mental Disease. Journal of Biomedical Semantics 1 (10):1-23.
    While classifications of mental disorders have existed for over one hundred years, it still remains unspecified what terms such as 'mental disorder', 'disease' and 'illness' might actually denote. While ontologies have been called in aid to address this shortfall since the GALEN project of the early 1990s, most attempts thus far have sought to provide a formal description of the structure of some pre-existing terminology or classification, rather than of the corresponding structures and processes on the side of the patient. (...)
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  28. Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2010). Malaria Diagnosis and the Plasmodium Life Cycle: The BFO Perspective. In Interdisciplinary Ontology. Proceedings of the Third Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting. Keio University Press
    Definitive diagnosis of malaria requires the demonstration through laboratory tests of the presence within the patient of malaria parasites or their components. Since malaria parasites can be present even in the absence of malaria manifestations, and since symptoms of malaria can be manifested even in the absence of malaria parasites, malaria diagnosis raises important issues for the adequate understanding of disease, etiology and diagnosis. One approach to the resolution of these issues adopts a realist view, according to which the needed (...)
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  29. Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2006). Strategies for Referent Tracking in Electronic Health Records. Journal of Biomedical Informatics 39 (3):362-378.
    The goal of referent tracking is to create an ever-growing pool of data relating to the entities existing in concrete spatiotemporal reality. In the context of Electronic Healthcare Records (EHRs) the relevant concrete entities are not only particular patients but also their parts, diseases, therapies, lesions, and so forth, insofar as these are salient to diagnosis and treatment. Within a referent tracking system, all such entities are referred to directly and explicitly, something which cannot be achieved when familiar concept-based systems (...)
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  30. Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2006). A Realism-Based Approach to the Evolution of Biomedical Ontologies. In Proceedings of the Annual AMIA Symposium. AMIA
    We present a novel methodology for calculating the improvements obtained in successive versions of biomedical ontologies. The theory takes into account changes both in reality itself and in our understanding of this reality. The successful application of the theory rests on the willingness of ontology authors to document changes they make by following a number of simple rules. The theory provides a pathway by which ontology authoring can become a science rather than an art, following principles analogous to those that (...)
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  31. Sum-Fu Chiang (2014). Membrane Proteins as Potential Colon Cancer Biomarkers: Verification of 4 Candidates From a Secretome Dataset. SS 5:418-438.
    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an important health issue in Taiwan. There were over ten thousand newly diagnosed CRC patients each year. The outcome of late stage CRC still remains to be improved, and tumor markers are expected to improve CRC detection and management. From a colorectal cancer cell secretome database, we chose four proteins as candidates for clinical verification, including tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 2 (TROP2, TACSTD2), transmembrane 9 superfamily member 2 (TM9SF2), and tetraspanin-6 (TSPAN6), and tumor necrosis factor receptor (...)
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  32. James A. Coffman (2005). On Reductionism, Organicism, Somatic Mutations and Cancer. Bioessays 27 (4):459-459.
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  33. Dasari Samuel Deenadayal (2014). Epiglottic Schwannoma: A Case Report. IJOHNS 3:304-306.
    Most common site of schwannoma in larynx is aryepiglottic fold and false cords. Epiglottis involvement is rare. The ultimate diagnosis is based on the histologic demonstration of characteristic spindle cells with typical nuclear palisading and positive immunohistochemistry for S-100 protein, but negative for a-smooth muscle actin, CD34, and vimentin. Effective treatment is complete excision.eww141009dxn.
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  34. Megan Delehanty (2010). Why Images? Medicine Studies 2 (3):161-173.
    Given that many imaging technologies in biology and medicine are non-optical and generate data that is essentially numerical, it is a striking feature of these technologies that the data generated using them are most frequently displayed in the form of semi-naturalistic, photograph-like images. In this paper, I claim that three factors underlie this: (1) historical preferences, (2) the rhetorical power of images, and (3) the cognitive accessibility of data presented in the form of images. The third of these can be (...)
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  35. Frank Dikotter (1996). Sex, Culture and Modernity in China Medical Science and the Construction of Sexual Identities in the Early Republican Period. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):241.
  36. Anastassia Elefteriadis & Mirko D. Grmek (1995). Die Struktur der hippocratischen Theorie der Medizin. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (1):173.
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  37. Osaro Erhabor (2014). Iron Deficiency Among Blood Donors in Sokoto, North Western, Nigeria. Open Journal of Blood Diseases 4:33-42.
    There is a paucity of information on the prevalence of iron deficiency among blood donors in Sokoto, North Western, Nigeria. eww140918dxn The present study was, therefore, designed to investigate the prevalence and socio-demographic factors associated with iron deficiency among blood donors in Sokoto, North Western, Nigeria using a combination of haemoglobin haematocrit and serum ferritin measurements. Materials and methods: One hundred and fifty consecutively recruited whole blood donors, comprising of 148 (98.7%) family replacement donors and 2 (1.3%) voluntary non-remunerated donors, (...)
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  38. James M. Fielding, Jonathan Simon, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2004). Ontological Theory for Ontological Engineering: Biomedical Systems Information Integration. In Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on the Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning. AMIA
    Software application ontologies have the potential to become the keystone in state-of-the-art information management techniques. It is expected that these ontologies will support the sort of reasoning power required to navigate large and complex terminologies correctly and efficiently. Yet, there is one problem in particular that continues to stand in our way. As these terminological structures increase in size and complexity, and the drive to integrate them inevitably swells, it is clear that the level of consistency required for such navigation (...)
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  39. Danny Frederick, Why the UK National Health Service Should Be Privatised.
    It is an article of almost religious faith in the United Kingdom that the National Health Service is far superior to a competitive market in health care services. In this brief and informal paper I show that the opposite is true. In contrast to market provision, the existence of the National Health Service entails the following. First, consumer sovereignty is virtually destroyed, since what services the consumer receives and how much he pays (through taxation) are determined by the government of (...)
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  40. Irving B. Fritz (1988). The Banting and Best Department of Medical Research at the University of Toronto. Bioessays 9 (2-3):92-97.
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  41. Huiling Fu (2014). Research Progress on the Actinomyces Arthrobacter. Advances in Microbiology 4:747-753.
    The genus Arthrobacter was established in 1947 by Conn & Dimmick. So far, more than 70 recognized species of the genus Arthrobacter have been certified. Its special functions have been widely known by researchers, such as, in agricultural, in medical, in industrial, and in environmental areas, etc. What deserves to be mentioned is that some species of genus Arthrobacter have showed the function of degrading pesticides, fixing nitrogen, producing beneficial enzyme, treating sewage, and so on. Recently, the applications of the (...)
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  42. A. Garzya (2002). Alfrieda Et Jackie Pigeaud, Les Textes Medicaux Latins Comme Litterature. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (2):297-297.
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  43. Yinon Gilboa (2014). Sonopelvimetry: An Innovative Method for Early Prediction of Obstructed Labour. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 4:757-765.
    To evaluate an innovative sonopelvimetry method for early prediction of obstructed labour. Methods: A prospective study was conducted in two centers.GPS-based sonopelvimetry, laborProTM (Trig Medical Inc., Yoqneam Ilit, Israel) devise, was used prior to labour in nulliparous women at 39 - 42 weeks gestation remote from labor. Maternal pelvic parameters, including inter-iliac transverse diameter, obstetric conjugate and interspinous diameter were evaluated. Fetal parameters included head station, biparietal diameter and occipitofrontal diameter. Data on delivery and outcome were collected from the electronic (...)
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  44. Maya J. Goldenberg (2006). On Evidence and Evidence-Based Medicine: Lessons From the Philosophy of Science. Social Science and Medicine 62 (11):2621-2632.
    The evidence-based medicine (EBM) movement is touted as a new paradigm in medical education and practice, a description that carries with it an enthusiasm for science that has not been seen since logical positivism flourished (circa 1920–1950). At the same time, the term ‘‘evidence-based medicine’’ has a ring of obviousness to it, as few physicians, one suspects, would claim that they do not attempt to base their clinical decision-making on available evidence. However, the apparent obviousness of EBM can and should (...)
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  45. Sean M. Gratton (2014). Atrophy and Fibrosis of Extra-Ocular Muscles in Anti-Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody Myasthenia Gravis. OJOPH 4:117-119.
    Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder involving the neuromuscular junction that frequently affects the extra-ocular muscles (EOMs). It has been described as a very rare cause of bilateral EOM atrophy, but histological analysis of such cases is lacking. A 66-year-old man presented with two months of right eyelid drooping and vertical diplopia. Examination showed bilateral ophthalmoparesis and complete right ptosis. The remainder of his exam was normal, and an MRI showed small EOMs. Acetylcholine receptor antibodies were elevated, establishing the (...)
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  46. Medhat Emil Habib (2014). Nasal and Upper Lip Reconstruction of a Case of Squamous Cell Carcinoma Nose Stage IV—A Case Report. MPS 4:58-65.
    We report a case of 77 years old male patient who presented to our hospital with bleeding from a fungating mass of the nose. Investigations revealed the lesion to be moderately differentiated basaloid type squamous cell carcinoma, with lung, liver and spleen metastasis. Oncologists started palliative chemotherapy for the patient. Excision of the tumour required removal of most of the nose including the lateral nasal cartilages and the nasal septum. Nasal reconstruction was done by using left nasolabial flap after deepithelialising (...)
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  47. Janna Hastings, Nicolas Le Novère, Werner Ceusters, Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (2012). Wanting What We Don't Want to Want: Representing Addiction in Interoperable Bio-Ontologies. In Ronald Cornet & Robert Stevens (eds.), Proceeedings of the Third International Conference on Biomedical Ontology. CEUR 56-60.
    Ontologies are being developed throughout the biomedical sciences to address standardization, integration, classification and reasoning needs against the background of an increasingly data-driven research paradigm. In particular, ontologies facilitate the translation of basic research into benefits for the patient by making research results more discoverable and by facilitating knowledge transfer across disciplinary boundaries. Addressing and adequately treating mental illness is one of our most pressing public health challenges. Primary research across multiple disciplines such as psychology, psychiatry, biology, neuroscience and pharmacology (...)
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  48. Jessica Holzer (2014). Health Hot Spots: Mapping Hospital Costs and Social Determinants of Health. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine 4:717-722.
    Accountable care organizations (ACOs)eww140926dxn and hospitals are facing additional requirements and financial rewards for improving population health. Therefore, ACOs and hospitals will need tools to understand the relationship between their patients and social determinants and health. We demonstrate the use of hot spotting for identifying geographical sources of high hospital costs and examining links between social determinants of health and these high-cost areas, known as hot spots. In 2012, using hospital data, we generated maps of inpatient costs from 2011 throughout (...)
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  49. Jing Hu (2014). Polymer Delivery of Hydroxycamptothecin Against C6 Glioma. Journal of Cancer Therapy 5:920-928.
    Hydroxycamptothecin is a potent antineoplastic agent that has shown efficacy against multiple tumor lines in vitro. eww140918dxn This is the first study to investigate the release, distribution, and efficacy of hydroxycamptothecin which was incorporated into the biodegradable polymer Polylactic Acid (PLA), and implant into brain directly. In vitro release curve generated showed that a large initial release occurred over the first three days and was followed by a steady, but considerably slower rate of release over the next 25 days. After (...)
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  50. Mehmet Kalender (2014). Timing of Carotid Endarterectomy: Perioperative Outcome According to Index Event to Operation Room Time. SS 5:411-417.
    Aim: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the choice of treatment for prevention of cerebrovascular events in vulnerable patients. In this single-center multi surgeon study, we aimed to evaluate outcomes of neurologically stable patients who underwent CEA after symptoms of cerebrovascular event according to time between the event and operation. Methods: In our clinic during 2008-2012, we applied 67 CEA to 65 patients. Ten of these 65 patients excluded from trial due to combined CABG operation. 18 patients were asymptomatic prior to operation (...)
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