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  1. Felicia Nimue Ackerman (2007). Lucinda Among the Bioethicists. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):61-62.
  2. David Adams (2003). Book Review. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):131-134.
  3. T. Adams (2001). Book Review: Challenging Ideas in Psychiatric Nursing. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 8 (2):169-170.
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  4. Harvey M. Adelman & Jack L. Maatsch (1956). Learning and Extinction Based Upon Frustration, Food Reward, and Exploratory Tendency. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (5):311.
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  5. Robert Ader (2003). Psychoneuroimmunology: Basic Research in the Biopsychosocial Approach. In Richard M. Frankel, Timothy E. Quill & Susan H. McDaniel (eds.), The Biopsychosocial Approach: Past, Present, and Future. University of Rochester Press 93--108.
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  6. John Adlam, Irwin Gill, Shane N. Glackin, Brendan D. Kelly, Christopher Scanlon & Seamus Mac Suibhne (2013). Perspectives on Erving Goffman's “Asylums” Fifty Years On. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):605-613.
    Erving Goffman’s “Asylums” is a key text in the development of contemporary, community-orientated mental health practice. It has survived as a trenchant critique of the asylum as total institution, and its publication in 1961 in book form marked a further stage in the discrediting of the asylum model of mental health care. In this paper, some responses from a range of disciplines to this text, 50 years on, are presented. A consultant psychiatrist with a special interest in cultural psychiatry and (...)
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  7. P. R. Adriaens & A. De Block (2013). Why We Essentialize Mental Disorders. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):107-127.
    Essentialism is one of the most pervasive problems in mental health research. Many psychiatrists still hold the view that their nosologies will enable them, sooner or later, to carve nature at its joints and to identify and chart the essence of mental disorders. Moreover, according to recent research in social psychology, some laypeople tend to think along similar essentialist lines. The main aim of this article is to highlight a number of processes that possibly explain the persistent presence and popularity (...)
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  8. G. Adshead (2008). Studying the Mind: Ethical Issues and Guidance in Mental Health Research. Clinical Ethics 3 (3):141-144.
    Freely given informed consent to participation is the ethical cornerstone of research in health care. However, in mental health settings, there are many patients who lack the capacity to give such consent to participate in research. There is an abundance of guidance now available on how researchers might think about this issue and the Royal College of Psychiatrists has also recently reviewed its guidance to members about the ethics of research. In this piece, I will discuss some of the issues (...)
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  9. G. Adshead (2003). Commentary on Szasz. Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):230-232.
    Szasz argues that the threat of harm to self or others cannot be understood as a symptom of mental illness, and that there is an irresolvable tension between the traditional medical ethical duty to heal, and any notion of a medical duty to protect the public.1 I think these are two distinct arguments which could each be the subject of extended analysis, and this commentary is of necessity limited.Professor Szasz has consistently raised concerns about the political abuse of psychiatry as (...)
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  10. G. Adshead (2000). Care or Custody? Ethical Dilemmas in Forensic Psychiatry. Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):302-304.
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  11. G. Adshead (1999). Informed Consent in Psychiatry: European Perspectives of Ethics, Law and Clinical Practice. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5):428-429.
  12. G. Adshead (1998). Ethics of Psychiatry. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (5):357-358.
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  13. G. Adshead (1995). Forensic Psychiatry: Clinical, Legal and Ethical Issues. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (2):124-125.
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  14. Gwen Adshead (2015). The Community of the Excluded: Mental Health and Confidentiality in Prisons. Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (6):501-502.
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  15. Gwen Adshead (2011). Same but Different: Constructions of Female Violence in Forensic Mental Health. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (1):41-68.
    We are more alike than we are different.In male prisons, the agency and antisocial mindset of violent offenders is taken seriously in the pursuit of rehabilitation. Male offenders are expected to own full agency for their cruelty and violence to others, and to explore it in supported rehabilitative group-work programs. Such programs have been shown to be highly effective for some offenders and relate to a process of engaging with a new pro-social identity and taking responsibility for leading a "good (...)
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  16. Gwen Adshead (2009). Ethical Issues in Secure Care. In Annie Bartlett & Gillian McGauley (eds.), Forensic Mental Health: Concepts, Systems, and Practice. OUP Oxford
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  17. Gwen Adshead (2008). Vice and Viciousness. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (1):23-26.
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  18. Gwen Adshead (2000). Psychiatric Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (3):220-221.
  19. Gwen Adshead (2000). Psychiatric Ethics S Bloch, P Chodoff, S Agreen, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999, 531 Pages,£ 65 (Hb)£ 34.50 (Pb). [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (3):220-221.
  20. Gwen Adshead & Gillian McGauley (2009). Caring for Individuals with Personality Disorder in Secure Settings. In Annie Bartlett & Gillian McGauley (eds.), Forensic Mental Health: Concepts, Systems, and Practice. OUP Oxford
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  21. J. P. Aggleton, M. W. Brown, J. Bachevalier, J. K. Parkinson, E. C. Warburton, S. Corkin, D. G. Amaral, R. G. Gonzalez, V. Lerner & J. Margolin (2013). Understanding Amnesia–Is It Time to Forget HM? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22:425-466.
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  22. Kevin Aho (2008). Rethinking the Psychopathology of Depression. Philosophical Practice 3 (1):207-218.
    The instrumental classification of depression made possible by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual and the widespread pharmacological approach to treatment in mainstream biopsychiatry has generated a cottage industry of criticism. This paper explores the potential shortcomings of the DSM/bio-psychiatric model and introduces the value of philosophical counseling—specifically by means of integrating the insights of Existentialism and Buddhism—as a way to overcome a number of diagnostic and methodological problems. Philosophical counseling, in this regard, is not overly concerned with the objective question (...)
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  23. Nicklas A. Akers (2000). Disability & ADA: Disparate Insurance Coverage for Physical and Psychological Disabilities Does Not Violate ADA. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 28 (1):92-94.
  24. Jennifer Anne Alexander-Molloy (1999). Discovering and Empowering the Voices of Schizophrenics. Dissertation, Wayne State University
    The first purpose of this dissertation is to convey that perspective building through the voice of the schizophrenic is a valid area of research activity. The dominant discourse in the behavioral paradigms reflected hypothesis testing of family interactive features such as expressed emotion, communication deviance and affective style rather than tracking changes in the conceptual structure of the schizophrenic. Examination of the discourse engaged in by schizophrenics, through text creation, was a relevant tool with which to strengthen understanding of the (...)
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  25. D. B. Allison & M. S. Roberts (1994). On Constructing the Disorder of Hysteria. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (3):239-259.
    The concept of hysteria is traced from Hippocrates, where it was thought to be caused by a wandering uterus, through Galen and up to Freud. Throughout the history of medicine from the early Greeks up to the end of the nineteenth century, the definition and diagnosis of hysteria had a function similar to that found in the persecution of witchcraft: it sought to eradicate the outbursts of nonconforming and emotionally threatening conduct of women. At the beginning of the twentieth century, (...)
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  26. Richard A. Anderson & David Zipser (1990). A Network Model for Learned Spatial Representation in the Posterior Parietal Cortex. In J. McGaugh, Jerry Weinberger & G. Lynch (eds.), Brain Organization and Memory. Guilford Press 271--284.
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  27. Chrisoula Andreou (2008). Addiction, Procrastination, and Failure Points in Decision-Making Systems. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):439-440.
    Redish et al. suggest that their failures-in-decision-making framework for understanding addiction can also contribute to improving our understanding of a variety of psychiatric disorders. In the spirit of reflecting on the significance and scope of their research, I briefly develop the idea that their framework can also contribute to improving our understanding of the pervasive problem of procrastination.
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  28. Kristin Andrews (2002). Interpreting Autism: A Critique of Davidson on Thought and Language. Philosophical Psychology 15 (3):317-332.
    Donald Davidson's account of interpretation purports to be a priori , though I argue that the empirical facts about interpretation, theory of mind, and autism must be considered when examining the merits of Davidson's view. Developmental psychologists have made plausible claims about the existence of some people with autism who use language but who are unable to interpret the minds of others. This empirical claim undermines Davidson's theoretical claims that all speakers must be interpreters of other speakers and that one (...)
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  29. Hymie Anisman (1980). Depression and Suicide: Stress as a Precipitating Factor. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):272.
  30. Bruce A. Arrigo (1997). Insanity Defense Reform and the Sign of Abolition: Re-Visiting Montana's Experience. International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 10 (2):191-211.
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  31. K. Aterman (1993). Did Mozart Have Tourette's Syndrome? Some Comments on Mozart's Language. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (2):247-258.
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  32. Christopher Bailey (2009). A Painful Lack of Connection. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (3):249-250.
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  33. Christopher Bailey (2009). Clinical Anecdotes: A Painful Lack of Wounds. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (3):223-224.
  34. Sheila M. Bain (1974). A Geographer's Approach in the Epidemiology of Psychiatric Disorder. Journal of Biosocial Science 6 (2):195.
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  35. M. Baldwin & A. Hofmann (1969). Hallucinations. In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland 4--327.
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  36. Natalie Ball & Gregor Wolbring (2014). Cognitive Enhancement: Perceptions Among Parents of Children with Disabilities. Neuroethics 7 (3):345-364.
    Cognitive enhancement is an increasingly discussed topic and policy suggestions have been put forward. We present here empirical data of views of parents of children with and without cognitive disabilities. Analysis of the interviews revealed six primary overarching themes: meanings of health and treatment; the role of medicine; harm; the ‘good’ parent; normality and self-perception; and ability. Interestingly none of the parents used the term ethics and only one parent used the term moral twice.
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  37. Tobias Banaschewski, Dorothea Blomeyer, Arlette F. Buchmann, Luise Poustka, Aribert Rothenberger & Manfred Laucht (2011). Drugs as Instruments From a Developmental Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):312-313.
    Developmental, epidemiological, and neurobiological studies indicate that the adaptive and maladaptive functions, as well as immediate and long-term consequences of drug use, may vary by age. Early initiation seems to be associated with a reduced ability to use drugs purposely in a temporally stable, non-addictive manner. Prevention strategies should consider social environmental factors and aim to delay age at initiation.
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  38. Lizabeth A. Barclay & Karen S. Markel (2009). Ethical Fairness and Human Rights: The Treatment of Employees with Psychiatric Disabilities. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 85 (3):333 - 345.
    Extant business research has not addressed the ethical treatment of individuals with psychiatric disabilities. This article will describe previous research on individuals with psychiatric disabilities drawn from rehabilitation, psychological, managerial, legal, as well as related business ethics writings before presenting a framework that illustrates the dynamics of (un)ethical behavior in relation to the employment of such individuals. Individuals with psychiatric disabilities often evoke negative reactions from those in their environment. Lastly, we provide recommendations for how employees and organizations can become (...)
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  39. Simon Baron-Cohen (2005). Autism–'Autos': Literally, a Total Focus on the Self. In Todd E. Feinberg & Julian Paul Keenan (eds.), The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity. Oxford University Press 166--180.
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  40. Simon Baron-Cohen, John Lawson, Rick Griffin & Jacqueline Hill, The Exact Mind: Empathising and Systemising in Autism Spectrum Conditions.
    Cognitive developmentalists have had a long-standing interest in neurodevelopmental conditions, such as autism. This is not only out of a desire to understand the causes of such atypical development, in order to advance medical science and develop interventions. It is also because studying the processes that cause atypicality can sometimes throw light on typical development. It is this two-way influence that characterises the field of developmental psychopathology. In this chapter, we focus on autism. We bring out this interaction between what (...)
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  41. John Barresi, The Origins of Autism: Commentary on “Autism as a Downstream Effect of Primary Difficulties in Intersubjectivity Going with Abnormal Development of Brain Connectivity” by Filippo Muratori and Sandra Maestro.
    International Journal for Dialogical Science, 2007, 2, 119-124.
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  42. Manuel Barroso (2003). Depression: Clinical Definition and Case Histories. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies 22:89-99.
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  43. Paolo Bartolomeo & Sylvie Chokron (2001). Visual Awareness Relies on Exogenous Orienting of Attention: Evidence From Unilateral Neglect. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):975-976.
    Unilateral neglect stems from a relatively selective impairment of exogenous, or stimulus-related, orienting of attention. This neuropsychological evidence parallels “change blindness” experiments, in which normal individuals lack awareness of salient details in the visual scene as a consequence of their attention being exogenously attracted by a competing event, suggesting that visual consciousness requires the integrity of exogenous orienting of attention.
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  44. Elisabetta Basso (2012). From the Problem of the Nature of Psychosis to the Phenomenological Reform of Psychiatry. Historical and Epistemological Remarks on Ludwig Binswanger’s Psychiatric Project. Medicine Studies 3 (4):215-232.
    This paper focuses on one of the original moments of the development of the “phenomenological” current of psychiatry, namely, the psychopathological research of Ludwig Binswanger. By means of the clinical and conceptual problem of schizophrenia as it was conceived and developed at the beginning of the twentieth century, I will try to outline and analyze Binswanger’s perspective from a both historical and epistemological point of view. Binswanger’s own way means of approaching and conceiving schizophrenia within the scientific, medical, and psychiatric (...)
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  45. Russell M. Bauer (1986). The Cognitive Psychophysiology of Prosopagnosia. In H. Ellis, M. Jeeves, F. Newcombe & Andrew W. Young (eds.), Aspects of Face Processing. Martinus Nijhoff 253--267.
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  46. William W. Beatty, Zeljko Jocic & Nancy Monson (1993). Picture Sequencing by Schizophrenic Patients. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (4):265-267.
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  47. R. P. Behrendt (2003). Hallucinations: Synchronisation of Thalamocortical ? Oscillations Underconstrained by Sensory Input. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):413-451.
    What we perceive is the product of an intrinsic process and not part of external physical reality. This notion is consistent with the philosophical position of transcendental idealism but also agrees with physiological findings on the thalamocortical system. -Frequency rhythms of discharge activity from thalamic and cortical neurons are facilitated by cholinergic arousal and resonate in thalamocortical networks, thereby transiently forming assemblies of coherent oscillations under constraints of sensory input and prefrontal attentional mechanisms. Perception and conscious experience may be based (...)
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  48. Richard P. Bentall & Filippo Varese (2013). 4 Psychotic Hallucinations. In Fiona Macpherson & Dimitris Platchias (eds.), Hallucination. MIT Press 65.
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  49. Alfred Binet (1884). Visual Hallucinations in Hypnotism. Mind 9 (35):413-415.
  50. E. Bleuler (2005). Dementia Praecox, or the Group of Schizophrenias. Translater by J. Zinkin (1950). New York: International Universities. Cited By: Bachman, P. & Cannon, TD. Cognitive and Neuroscience Aspects of Thought Disorders. [REVIEW] In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge Univ Pr 493--519.
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