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Metaontology

Edited by Frederique Janssen-Lauret (University of Manchester)
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Summary

Whereas ontology is concerned with the nature of reality in general, metaontology is concerned with the nature of ontology— whether its questions have substantive and tractable answers, and if so, how best to answer them. More broadly, what we might call ‘metametaphysics’ investigates the prospects and methodology of metaphysics.

Key works Classic works include Ayer 1946Carnap 1950, and Quine 1961. A collection of more recent work can be found in Chalmers et al 2009
Introductions Eklund 2006, Manley 2009, Thomasson 2012
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  1. Jonas Åkerman (2009). Perspectival Thought: A Plea for Moderate Relativism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 62 (4).
  2. D. P. B. (1964). Essays in Ontology. Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):638-638.
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  3. Mildred Bakan (1989). Beyond Metaphysics? International Studies in Philosophy 21 (3):130-132.
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  4. Edward G. Ballard (1966). On Being, and the Meaning of Being. Southern Journal of Philosophy 4 (4):248-265.
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  5. Renford Bambrough (1974). Appearance, Identity and Ontology. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 75:69 - 76.
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  6. Elizabeth Barnes (2009). Review of David Chalmers, David Manley, Ryan Wasserman (Eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (10).
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  7. Helen Beebee (2010). Metametaphysics. The Philosophers' Magazine 50:24-25.
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  8. S. Berry (2015). The Construction of Logical Space, by Augustin Rayo. Mind 124 (496):1375-1379.
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  9. George A. Blair (1960). Science, Sufficient Ground, and the Possibility of Metaphysics. Dialectica 14 (1):53-79.
  10. H. G. Callaway (1995). Review: Baltzer, Erkenntnis Als Relationengeflecht, Kategorien Bei Charles S. Peirce. [REVIEW] Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society (2):445-453.
    This book arose from the author’s recent dissertation written under the Gerhard Schönrich at Munich. It focuses on Peirce’s theory of categories and his epistemology. According to Baltzer, what is distinctive in Peirce’s theory of knowledge is that he reconstrues objects as “knots in networks of relations.” The phrase may ring a bell. It suggests a structuralist interpretation of Peirce, influenced by the Munich environs. The study aims to shows how Peirce’s theory of categories supports his theory of knowledge and (...)
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  11. William E. Carlo (1967). Metaphysics, Problematic or Science. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 41:134-142.
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  12. Mihirvikash Chakravarti (1972). Metaphilosophical and Model Philosophical Questions. Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, Visva-Bharati.
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  13. Patricia Smith Churchland (1974). Logical Form and Ontological Decisions. Journal of Philosophy 71 (17):599-600.
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  14. F. C. Copleston (1949). The Possibility of Metaphysics. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 50:65 - 82.
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  15. Frederick C. Copleston (1953). The Function of Metaphysics. Philosophy 28 (104):3 - 15.
    Aristotle stated that philosophy began with “wonder” and that men continue to philosophize because and in so far as they continue to “wonder.” Philosophy, in other words, is rooted in the desire to understand the world, in the desire to find an intelligible pattern in events and to answer problems which occur to the mind in connection with the world. By using the phrase “the world” I do not mean to imply that the world is something finished and complete at (...)
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  16. Richard T. De George (1962). The Uneasy Revival of Metaphysics. Review of Metaphysics 16 (1):68-81.
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  17. Thomas De Koninck (2012). Metaphysics and Ultimate Questions. Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 15 (2):42-63.
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  18. Wolfgang Degen (2006). Metaphysics Without Task. Metaphysica 7 (2).
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  19. Charles Denecke (1945). The Role and Importance of Self-Existence in the Science of Metaphysics. Washington.
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  20. Josef Donat (1944). Ontologia. Herder.
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  21. Antón Donoso (1971). Some Lessons in Metaphysics. International Philosophical Quarterly 11 (4):599-602.
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  22. James M. DuBois (1992). Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):391-392.
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  23. C. J. Ducasse (1949). Reality, Science, and Metaphysics. Synthese 8 (1):9 - 21.
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  24. Zhao Dunhua (2006). Metaphysics in China and in the West: Common Origin and Later Divergence. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (1):22-32.
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  25. Wyndham R. Dunstan (1822). Science and Metaphysic.
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  26. Matti Eklund (2012). Multitude, Tolerance and Language-Transcendence. Synthese 187 (3):833-847.
    Rudolf Carnap's 1930s philosophy of logic, including his adherence to the principle of tolerance, is discussed. What theses did Carnap commit himself to, exactly? I argue that while Carnap did commit himself to a certain multitude thesis—there are different logics of different languages, and the choice between these languages is merely a matter of expediency—there is no evidence that he rejected a language-transcendent notion of fact, contrary to what Warren Goldfarb and Thomas Ricketts have prominently argued. (In fact, it is (...)
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  27. Dorothy Mary Emmet (1967). The Nature of Metaphysical Thinking. New York, St. Martin's P..
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  28. Hartry Field (1993). The Conceptual Contingency of Mathematical Objects. Mind 102 (406):285-299.
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  29. Hartry Field (1988). Realism, Mathematics and Modality. Philosophical Topics 16 (1):57-107.
  30. Hartry Field (1980). Science Without Numbers. Princeton University Press.
    Science Without Numbers caused a stir in 1980, with its bold nominalist approach to the philosophy of mathematics and science. It has been unavailable for twenty years and is now reissued in a revised edition with a substantial new preface presenting the author's current views and responses to the issues raised in subsequent debate.
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  31. Kit Fine (2002). The Limits of Abstraction. Oxford University Press.
    Kit Fine develops a Fregean theory of abstraction, and suggests that it may yield a new philosophical foundation for mathematics, one that can account for both our reference to various mathematical objects and our knowledge of various mathematical truths. The Limits ofion breaks new ground both technically and philosophically.
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  32. Greg Frost-Arnold (forthcoming). Make Ontology Easy Again. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-4.
    A book review of Amie Thomasson's defense of Neo-Carnapianism in her "Ontology Made Easy" (2015, Oxford UP).
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  33. Dale Gottlieb (1978). The Truth About Arithmetic. American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (2):81 - 90.
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  34. Douglas Greenlee (1974). Particulars and Ontological Parity. Metaphilosophy 5 (3):216–231.
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  35. Douglas Greenlee (1968). The Similarity of Discernibles. Journal of Philosophy 65 (23):753-763.
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  36. Susan Haack (2008). The Legitimacy of Metaphysics. Philosophical Topics 36 (1):97-110.
    Part of Kant’s legacy to Peirce was a lasting conviction that metaphysics is not irredeemable, but can and should be set “on the secure path of a science”. However, Peirce’s “scientific metaphysics”, unlike Kant’s, uses the method of science, i.e., of experience and reasoning; but requires close attention to experience of the most familiar kind rather than the recherché experience needed by the special sciences. This distinctively plausible reconception of what a genuinely scientific metaphysics would be is part of Peirce’s (...)
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  37. Susan Haack (2007). The Legitimacy of Metaphysics. Polish Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):97-110.
    Part of Kant’s legacy to Peirce was a lasting conviction that metaphysics is not irredeemable, but can and should be set “on the secure path of a science”. However, Peirce’s “scientific metaphysics”, unlike Kant’s, uses the method of science, i.e., of experience and reasoning; but requires close attention to experience of the most familiar kind rather than the recherché experience needed by the special sciences. This distinctively plausible reconception of what a genuinely scientific metaphysics would be is part of Peirce’s (...)
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  38. Volker Haarslev (2007). The Ecology of Ontologies in the Public Domain. The Monist 90 (4):585-601.
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  39. Bob Hale (ed.) (2001). The Reason's Proper Study: Essays Towards a Neo-Fregean Philosophy of Mathematics. Oxford University Press.
    Here, Bob Hale and Crispin Wright assemble the key writings that lead to their distinctive neo-Fregean approach to the philosophy of mathematics. In addition to fourteen previously published papers, the volume features a new paper on the Julius Caesar problem; a substantial new introduction mapping out the program and the contributions made to it by the various papers; a section explaining which issues most require further attention; and bibliographies of references and further useful sources. It will be recognized as the (...)
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  40. Bob Hale (1988). Abstract Objects. B. Blackwell.
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  41. Katharine Rose Hanley (1967). A Prelude to Metaphysics. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
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  42. A. P. Hazen (1993). Against Pluralism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 71 (2):132 – 144.
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  43. Richard Heck (1999). Frege's Theorem: An Introduction. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 7 (1):56-73.
    A brief, non-technical introduction to technical and philosophical aspects of Frege's philosophy of arithmetic. The exposition focuses on Frege's Theorem, which states that the axioms of arithmetic are provable, in second-order logic, from a single non-logical axiom, "Hume's Principle", which itself is: The number of Fs is the same as the number of Gs if, and only if, the Fs and Gs are in one-one correspondence.
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  44. Ian Hinckfuss (1993). Suppositions, Presuppositions, and Ontology. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):595 - 618.
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  45. Harold T. Hodes (1984). Logicism and the Ontological Commitments of Arithmetic. Journal of Philosophy 81 (3):123-149.
  46. Maurice R. Holloway (1965). Essays in Ontology. Modern Schoolman 42 (3):328-328.
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  47. Jan Hudzik (2008). Metaphysics After Metaphysics And The Realism Of The Constituted World. Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia 3 (3):21-44.
    In this paper I undertake to confront two modes of thinking about social reality; one based on metaphysics as pursued by the so-called Lublin school of classical philosophy, and the other which takes as its starting point the critique of metaphysics. In so doing, I venture upon the well-known landscape of the debate about metaphysics after metaphysics. In part one of the paper I discus two solutions to the question of ontology of social beings, one of the classical, the other (...)
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  48. Peter Hylton (2006). Quine on Reference and Ontology. In Gibson (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Quine. Cambridge University Press 115--50.
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  49. Guido Imaguire (2010). Review of Metametaphysics. [REVIEW] Disputatio 3:321-329.
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  50. Frank Jackson (1994). Armchair Metaphysics. In John O'Leary-Hawthorne & Michaelis Michael (eds.), Philosophy in Mind. Kluwer 23--42.
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