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Metaphilosophy

Edited by Jonathan Ichikawa (University of British Columbia)
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  1. added 2015-04-01
    Duncan Pritchard & Chris Ranalli (forthcoming). On Metaepistemological Scepticism. In Michael Bergmann & Brett Brett Coppenger (eds.), Traditional Epistemic Internalism. Oxford University Press.
    Fumerton’s distinctive brand of metaepistemological scepticism is compared and contrasted with the related position outlined by Stroud. It is argued that there are at least three interesting points of contact between Fumerton and Stroud’s metaepistemology. The first point of contact is that both Fumerton and Stroud think that (1) externalist theories of justification permit a kind of non-inferential, perceptual justification for our beliefs about non-psychological reality, but it’s not sufficient for philosophical assurance. However, Fumerton claims, while Stroud denies, that (2) (...)
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  2. added 2015-03-31
    Geert Keil (2013). Was lehrt uns das Gettier-Problem über das Verhältnis zwischen Intuitionen und Begriffsanalysen? In Gerhard Ernst Lisa Marani (ed.), Das Gettierproblem. Eine Bilanz nach 50 Jahren. 107-144.
    Der Beitrag beleuchtet einen bisher kaum gewürdigten Grund dafür, dass die Gettier-Debatte nicht zu einer systematisch verbesserten Analyse des Wissensbegriffs geführt hat. Es wird die These entwickelt und verteidigt, dass diejenigen Komplikationen, die einen Gettierfall zu einem solchen machen, sich stets in den blinden Flecken der Situationsrepräsentation des epistemischen Subjekts befinden. Diese These ist in die metaphilosophische Fragestellung eingebettet, was das Gettierproblem uns über das Verhältnis von sprachlichen Intuitionen und Begriffsanalysen lehrt. Es gibt unter kompetenten Sprechern beträchtliche Einmütigkeit darüber, dass (...)
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  3. added 2015-03-31
    Hans-Johann Glock, Kathrin Glüer & Geert Keil (eds.) (2003). Fifty Years of Quine’s Two Dogmas. Rodopi.
    W. V. Quine’s “Two Dogmas of Empiricism”, first published in 1951, is one of the most influential articles in the history of analytic philosophy. It does not just question central semantic and epistemological views of logical positivism and early analytic philosophy, it also marks a momentous challenge to the ideas that conceptual analysis is a main task of philosophy and that philosophy is an a priori discipline which differs in principle from the empirical sciences. These ideas dominated early analytic philosophy, (...)
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  4. added 2015-03-31
    Geert Keil (1993). Kritik des Naturalismus. de Gruyter.
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  5. added 2015-03-29
    J. L. Evans (1965). The Foundations of Empiricism an Inaugural Lecture. University of Wales Press.
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  6. added 2015-03-28
    Stanley Rosen (2002). The Elusiveness of the Ordinary Studies in the Possibility of Philosophy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  7. added 2015-03-28
    Tamar Szabo Gendler (1996). Imaginary Exceptions: On the Powers and Limits of Thought Experiment. Dissertation, Harvard University
    Thought experiment is one of the most widely-used and least understood techniques in philosophy. A thought experiment is a process of reasoning carried out within the context of a well-articulated imaginary scenario in order to answer a specific question about a non-imaginary situation. The aim of my dissertation is to show that both the powers and the limits of this methodology can be traced to the fact that when the contemplation of an imaginary scenario brings us to new knowledge, it (...)
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  8. added 2015-03-28
    R. Harré (1983). Great Scientific Experiments Twenty Experiments That Changed Our View of the World. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  9. added 2015-03-28
    Jerry H. Gill (1982). Metaphilosophy an Introduction. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  10. added 2015-03-28
    Kieran Hickey, Robert French & National Library of Ireland (1982). Faithful Departed the Dublin of James Joyce's Ulysses. Ward River Press.
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  11. added 2015-03-28
    Raymond M. Herbenick (1971). A. J. Ayer's "The Origins of Pragmatism. [REVIEW] Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 52 (1):121.
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  12. added 2015-03-28
    Vincent C. Punzo (1969). Reflective Naturalism an Introduction to Moral Philosophy. Macmillan.
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  13. added 2015-03-28
    Donald Cary Williams & Harry Ruja (1966). Principles of Empirical Realism Philosophical Essays. Charles C. Thomas.
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  14. added 2015-03-28
    Patrick Romanell (1958). Toward a Critical Naturalism Reflections on Contemporary American Philosophy. Macmillan.
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  15. added 2015-03-28
    J. E. Coover (1920). Rawford's Experiments in Psychical Science. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 17 (21):583.
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  16. added 2015-03-28
    Rudolf Pintner (1913). Allin's Experimental Studies of Mental Defectives. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 10 (13):358.
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  17. added 2015-03-28
    Norman Wilde (1905). Orley's Ethics of Naturalism. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 2 (5):135.
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  18. added 2015-03-27
    Tadeusz Szubka (2011). Analytic Philosophy And Pragmatism. Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia 6 (3):7-36.
    Although analytic philosophy and pragmatism are two distinctive philosophical movements, they are in various ways related. The paper is an attempt to provide a selective historical account of these relationships. The following five episodes are presented and discussed: the criticism of pragmatism by G.E. Moore and B. Russell, pragmatic ideas in the philosophy of F.P. Ramsey and conceptual pragmatism of C.I. Lewis; real and apparent pragmatic tendencies in the philosophies of L. Wittgenstein and W.V. Quine; the return to pragmatism initiated (...)
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  19. added 2015-03-27
    James Collins (1948). HOOK, SIDNEY, and KONVITZ, MILTON R. "Freedom and Experience: Essays Presented to Horace M. Kallen". [REVIEW] Modern Schoolman 26:257.
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  20. added 2015-03-26
    Scott Kimbrough (2009). Explaining Compatibilist Intuitions About Moral Responsibility: A Critique Of Nichols And Knobe's Performance Error Model. Florida Philosophical Review 9 (2):38-55.
    Experimental philosophy studies show that ordinary people have conflicting moral intuitions: when asked about events in a deterministic universe, respondents exhibit compatibilist intuitions about vignettes describing concrete actions, but they have incompatibilist intuitions in response to more abstract queries. Nichols and Knobe maintain that concrete compatibilist intuitions should be explained as emotion-induced performance errors in the psychological process of moral judgment. Their theory is criticized in two main ways. First, they fail to establish that the role of emotion in generating (...)
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  21. added 2015-03-26
    Anthony L. Brueckner (1986). Philosophical Relativity by Peter Unger. Journal of Philosophy 83 (9):509-517.
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  22. added 2015-03-26
    G. H. B. (1974). Challenges to Empiricism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 27 (3):620-621.
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  23. added 2015-03-26
    S. C. N. (1964). Philosophy and Ordinary Language. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):486-486.
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  24. added 2015-03-26
    A. B. J. (1960). Synoptic Naturalism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 14 (2):361-361.
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  25. added 2015-03-26
    James Collins (1949). Freedom and Experience: Essays Presented to Horace M. Kallen. [REVIEW] Modern Schoolman 26 (3):257-261.
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  26. added 2015-03-25
    Darrell P. Rowbottom (forthcoming). On Component Forces in Physics: A Pragmatic View. In Hsiang-Ke Chao, Julian Reiss & Szu-Ting Chen (eds.), Philosophy of Science in Practice: Nancy Cartwright and the Nature of Scientific Reasoning.
    Do component forces exist? I argue that the answer lies in the affirmative, on historical and operational grounds.
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  27. added 2015-03-25
    Abraham D. Graber (forthcoming). Towards a Cognitive Scientific Vindication of Moral Realism: The Semantic Argument. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-11.
    In a methodological milieu characterized by efforts to bring the methods of philosophy closer to the methods of the sciences, one can find, with increasing regularity, meta-ethical arguments relying on scientific theory or data. The received view appears to be that, not only is it implausible to think that a scientific vindication of a non-mentalist moral semantics will be forthcoming but that evidence from a variety of sciences threatens to undermine non-mentalist views. My aim is to push back against this (...)
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  28. added 2015-03-25
    Daniel Greco (forthcoming). Epistemological Open Questions. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-15.
    While there has been a great deal of recent interest in parallels between metaethics and metaepistemology, there has been little discussion of epistemological analogues of the open question argument . This is somewhat surprising—the general trend in recent work is in the direction of emphasizing the continuity between metaethics and metaepistemology, and to treat metanormative questions as arising in parallel in these two normative domains. And while the OQA has been subjected to a wide variety of objections, it is still (...)
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  29. added 2015-03-25
    D. Rose (ed.) (forthcoming). Advances in Experimental Philosophy and Metaphysics. Bloomsbury.
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  30. added 2015-03-25
    Eugen Fischer & John Collins (eds.) (2015). Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism, and Naturalism: Rethinking Philosophical Method. Routledge.
    Experimental philosophy is one of the most exciting and controversial philosophical movements today. This book explores how it is reshaping thought about philosophical method. Experimental philosophy imports experimental methods and findings from psychology into philosophy. These fresh resources can be used to develop and defend both armchair methods and naturalist approaches, on an empirical basis. This outstanding collection brings together leading proponents of this new meta-philosophical naturalism, from within and beyond experimental philosophy. They explore how the empirical study of philosophically (...)
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  31. added 2015-03-25
    Nicholas Rescher (2014). Metaphilosophy: Philosophy in Philosophical Perspective. Lexington Books.
    Nicholas Rescher unites two facets of metaphilosophy to show that the historical perspective and forward-thinking normative, or systematic, approach are, together, an integral component of philosophy itself.
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  32. added 2015-03-25
    Andre Archie (2008). The Anatomy Of Three Thought Experiments In Plato. Existentia 18 (3-4):275-292.
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  33. added 2015-03-25
    Gianfranco Pellegrino (2006). Ethical Properties as Resultant Qualities: Or, the Naturalism of W.D. Ross. Philosophical Writings 33 (3).
    The main claim of this paper is that, contrary to the received view, Ross’ doctrine of resultance does not provide a premise in favour of non-naturalism, but rather makes possible a viable form of non-reductionist naturalism. This is argued mainly by viewing resultance as constitution, where resultant properties are constituted by those natural properties from which they result. Accordingly, resultant properties and their constitutive properties can be viewed as placed in the same ontological realm. However, to rule out reductionism, constitution (...)
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  34. added 2015-03-25
    Nicholas Rescher (2001). Cognitive Pragmatism: The Theory of Knowledge in Pragmatic Perspective. University of Pittsburgh Press.
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  35. added 2015-03-25
    Charlene Haddock Seigfried (1996). Pragmatism and Feminism: Reweaving the Social Fabric. University of Chicago Press.
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  36. added 2015-03-25
    Jerzy Brzezinski (ed.) (1994). Probability in Theory-Building: Experimental and Non-Experimental Approaches to Scientific Research in Psychology. Rodopi.
    Contents: Part I. Probability and the Idealizational Theory of Science. Marek GAUL: Statistical dependencies, statements and the idealizational theory of science. Part II. Probability - theoretical concepts in psychology - measurement. Douglas WAHLSTEN: Probability and the understanding of individual differences. Bodo KRAUSE: Modeling cognitive learning steps. Dieter HEYER, and Rainer MAUSFELD: A theoretical and experimental inquiry into the relation of theoretical concepts and probabilistic measurement scales in experimental psychology. Part III. Methods of data analysis. Tadeusz B. IWINSKI: Rough set methods (...)
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  37. added 2015-03-25
    John Hendry (1989). How Experiments End. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 22 (1):79-81.
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  38. added 2015-03-25
    Joseph Robinson (1986). Appreciating Key Experiments. British Journal for the History of Science 19 (1):51-56.
    Gilbert and Mulkay, in their paper ‘Experiments Are the Key’, present responses of scientists to questions about the development of the chemiosmotic hypothesis of energy coupling in oxidative and photophosphorylation, and infer from these responses both the meaninglessness of the concept ‘key experiment’ and the hopelessness of searching for any data as a bedrock for historical analysis. Gilbert and Mulkay's nihilism is, however, rooted in a lack of understanding of the specific scientific issues involved. A closer look at a proposed (...)
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  39. added 2015-03-25
    David Gooding (1983). Great Scientific Experiments: 20 Experiments That Changed Our View of the World. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 16 (3):313-314.
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  40. added 2015-03-25
    Michael Friedman (1982). The Scientific Image by Bas C. Van Fraassen. Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):274-283.
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  41. added 2015-03-24
    Christopher J. Voparil & John Giordano (2015). Pragmatism and the Somatic Turn: Shusterman's Somaesthetics and Beyond. Metaphilosophy 46 (1):141-161.
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  42. added 2015-03-23
    Derek Powell, Zachary Horne, Ángel Pinillos & Keith Holyoak (2015). A Bayesian Framework for Knowledge Attribution: Evidence From Semantic Integration. Cognition 139:92-104.
    We propose a Bayesian framework for the attribution of knowledge, and apply this framework to generate novel predictions about knowledge attribution for different types of “Gettier cases”, in which an agent is led to a justified true belief yet has made erroneous assumptions. We tested these predictions using a paradigm based on semantic integration. We coded the frequencies with which participants falsely recalled the word “thought” as “knew” (or a near synonym), yielding an implicit measure of conceptual activation. Our experiments (...)
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  43. added 2015-03-17
    Jonathan Kominsky, Jonathan Phillips, Tobias Gerstenberg, David Lagnado & Joshua Knobe (2016). Causal Superseding. Cogntion 137:196-209.
    When agents violate norms, they are typically judged to be more of a cause of resulting outcomes. In this paper, we suggest that norm violations also affect the causality attributed to other agents, a phenomenon we refer to as ‘‘causal superseding.’’ We propose and test a counterfactual reasoning model of this phenomenon in four experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 provide an initial demonstration of the causal superseding effect and distinguish it from previously studied effects. Experiment 3 shows that this causal (...)
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  44. added 2015-03-17
    Gregory Stoutenburg (2015). Vicious Regresses, Conceptual Analysis, and Strong Awareness Internalism. Ratio 28 (1):n/a-n/a.
    That a philosophical thesis entails a vicious regress is commonly taken to be decisive evidence that the thesis is false. In this paper, I argue that the existence of a vicious regress is insufficient to reject a proposed analysis provided that certain constraints on the analysis are met. When a vicious regress is present, some further consequence of the thesis must be established that, together with the presence of the vicious regress, shows the thesis to be false. The argument is (...)
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  45. added 2015-03-16
    Bryce Huebner (forthcoming). What is a Philosophical Effect? Models of Data in Experimental Philosophy. Philosophical Studies:1-20.
    Papers in experimental philosophy rarely offer an account of what it would take to reveal a philosophically significant effect. In part, this is because experimental philosophers tend to pay insufficient attention to the hierarchy of models that would be required to justify interpretations of their data; as a result, some of their most exciting claims fail as explanations. But this does not impugn experimental philosophy. My aim is to show that experimental philosophy could be made more successful by developing, articulating, (...)
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  46. added 2015-03-15
    Alberto Vanzo (forthcoming). Trascendentale. In Luca Illetterati (ed.), Filosofia classica tedesca: Parole chiave. Carocci.
    This chapter explores Kant’s, Reinhold’s, Fichte’s, and Hegel’s stances toward transcendental philosophy and transcendental arguments. Having explained the new meaning that Kant assigned to the term ‘transcendental’, the chapter surveys his attempt to develop a transcendental philosophy by employing transcendental arguments. Since these arguments presuppose unproven matters of fact, authors who were deeply concerned by scepticism deemed them unsuitable for the task. The chapter explains how Reinhold and Fichte sought to establish solid foundations for transcendental philosophy without relying on transcendental (...)
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  47. added 2015-03-10
    Danny Frederick, Defective Equilibrium.
    I argue that the static conception of reflective equilibrium that is standard in contemporary philosophy is defective and should be replaced with a dynamic conception which prohibits ad hoc manoeuvres, encourages temporary reflective disequilibrium, and eschews all justification in favour of continuous improvement. I show how the dynamic conception can be applied to moral theory to encourage progress in moral knowledge and to make moral theory empirically testable, and how it can improve our understanding of human action.
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  48. added 2015-03-09
    Nikil Mukerji (forthcoming). Experimentelle Ethik. In Julian Nida-Rümelin, Irina Spiegel & Markus Tiedemann (eds.), Philosophie und Ethik - Band 2: Disziplinen und Themen. UTB.
    Was tun Philosophen eigentlich, wenn sie Philosophie treiben? Oder besser: Was sollten Philosophen tun, wenn sie Philosophie treiben? Diese Frage ist selbst eine philosophische. Und sie wird seit einigen Jahren wieder mit zunehmender Intensität diskutiert. Dafür ist vor allem eine neue philosophische Bewegung verantwortlich, die man als „experimentelle Philosophie“ oder kurz „x-phi“ bezeichnet. Anhänger dieser Bewegung glauben, die Philosophie solle sich in Vorgehensweise und Methodik den empirischen Wissenschaften annähern und philosophischen Fragestellungen mithilfe empirischer Tests zu Leibe rücken. Diese Ansicht steht (...)
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  49. added 2015-03-08
    Thomas Grundmann, Joachim Horvath & Jens Kipper (eds.) (2014). Die Experimentelle Philosophie in der Diskussion. Suhrkamp.
    Philosophen berufen sich in Gedankenexperimenten oft auf Intuitionen. Doch werden diese Intuitionen auch von anderen Philosophen oder von philosophischen Laien geteilt? Und durch welche Faktoren werden sie eigentlich bestimmt? Experimentelle Philosophen gehen solchen Fragen seit einigen Jahren mit empirischen Methoden auf den Grund. Ihre Ergebnisse sind mitunter verblüffend und haben für Aufsehen gesorgt. Der vorliegende Band lässt führende Vertreter und Gegner dieser wachsenden Bewegung zu Wort kommen und will die bislang überwiegend englischsprachige Debatte verstärkt in die deutsche Philosophie hineintragen.
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  50. added 2015-03-06
    Patrick J. Connolly (2015). Newton and Empiricism (Eds. Biener and Schliesser). [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):334-336.
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