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  1. added 2016-12-09
    Thomas Atkinson (forthcoming). Acquaintance and the Sublime: An Alternative Account of Theistic Sublime Experience. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-19.
    In this paper I argue that when one has an epiphany of the form ‘God is F’ upon having a sublime experience one can be accurately described as being acquainted with the fact that God is F as opposed to inferring that God is F from the experience at hand. To argue for this, I will, first, outline what a sublime experience is, in general, before outlining what a theistic sublime experience is in particular. Second, I will outline two ways (...)
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  2. added 2016-12-09
    Arindam Chakrabarti (forthcoming). Remembering Matilal on Remembering. Sophia:1-18.
    Although memory is pivotal to consciousness and without it no perceptual judgment or thinking is possible, Nyāya epistemology does not accept memory as a knowledge source. Prof Matilal elucidates and defends Udayana’s justification for calling into question the knowledgehood or even truth of any recollection. Deepening Matilal’s argument, this paper first shows why, if a remembering reproduces exactly the original experience from which it borrows its truth-claim, then there is a mismatch between the time of experience and the time of (...)
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  3. added 2016-12-08
    G. B. James Lascelles, The Mind of the Lord and the Cosmos.
    Instead of the usual dialectics that have now become very familiar to the evolution vs creation polemic, this article examines the different views rationally by adopting an eclectic approach that peruses evidence from secular history, cosmology, existential philosophy, systematic theology, and Biblical manuscripts in order to better understand the mind of God and the cosmos.
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  4. added 2016-12-08
    Jonathan Way & Daniel Whiting (forthcoming). Perspectivism and the Argument From Guidance. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.
    Perspectivists hold that what you ought to do is determined by your perspective, that is, your epistemic position. Objectivists hold that what you ought to do is determined by the facts irrespective of your perspective. This paper explores an influential argument for perspectivism which appeals to the thought that the normative is action guiding. The crucial premise of the argument is that you ought to φ only if you are able to φ for the reasons which determine that you ought (...)
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  5. added 2016-12-08
    Jacek Brzozowski (forthcoming). Monism and Gunk. In Mark Jago (ed.), Reality Making. Oxford University Press
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  6. added 2016-12-08
    Pepp Jessica (forthcoming). Assertion, Lying, and Falsely Implicating. In Sanford C. Goldberg (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Assertion. OUP
    There is an intuitive and seemingly significant difference between lying and falsely implicating. This difference has received scrutiny both historically and recently, mostly in the context of the following two questions. First, how should lying be defined so as to distinguish it from falsely implicating? Second, is the difference between lying and falsely implicating really significant, and if so, how and why is it significant? Answers to the first question typically invoke assertion, claiming (roughly) that to lie is to assert (...)
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  7. added 2016-12-08
    Markus E. Schlosser (forthcoming). Reasons, Causes, and Chance-Incompatibilism. Philosophia:1-13.
    Libertarianism appears to be incoherent, because free will appears to be incompatible with indeterminism. In support of this claim, van Inwagen offered an argument that is now known as the “rollback argument”. In a recent reply, Lara Buchak has argued that the underlying thought experiment fails to support the first of two key premises. On her view, this points to an unexplored alternative in the free will debate, which she calls “chance-incompatibilism”. I will argue that the rollback thought experiment does (...)
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  8. added 2016-12-08
    Daniel J. McKaughan (forthcoming). Science and Stance Refinement From Within a Tradition: Common Sense Realism, Empiricism, Physicalism, and Undogmatic Faith. In Joseph Famerée & Paulo Rodrigues (eds.), The Genesis of Concepts and the Confrontation of Rationalities. Peeters
  9. added 2016-12-08
    Daniel Greco (2016). Safety, Explanation, Iteration. Philosophical Issues 26 (1):187-208.
    This paper argues for several related theses. First, the epistemological position that knowledge requires safe belief can be motivated by views in the philosophy of science, according to which good explanations show that their explananda are robust. This motivation goes via the idea—recently defended on both conceptual and empirical grounds—that knowledge attributions play a crucial role in explaining successful action. Second, motivating the safety requirement in this way creates a choice point—depending on how we understand robustness, we'll end up with (...)
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  10. added 2016-12-08
    Bradley Rives (2016). Concepts and Analytic Intuitions. Analytic Philosophy 57 (4):285-314.
  11. added 2016-12-08
    Michael Barnwell (2009). De Casu Diaboli: An Examination of Faith and Reason Via a Discussion of the Devil’s Sin. Saint Anselm Journal 6 (2):1-8.
    Although De Casu Diaboli is not a traditional locus for a discussion of faith and reason, it is nonetheless subtly permeated by this topic in two ways. The first concerns Anselm’s general strategy for answering the student’s questions regarding the cause of the devil’s first sin. Anselm ends by claiming the devil willed incorrectly for no other cause than that his will so willed. Anselm thus ultimately calls upon the student to have faith in the mysterious, libertarian self-determining power of (...)
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  12. added 2016-12-08
    Javid Mavaddat (2007). On Galileo’s Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina. Academia.Edu.
    Far from egalitarian, Galileo’s epistemology asserts an uncompromising hierarchy between science and Scripture — an idea he suggests originates with early Christian author Tertullian of Carthage. For Galileo, when the scientific data causes us to disagree with the apparent meaning of scripture, it is not the data that we discard nor is it the scientist whose word is subject to doubt. Rather, whenever a disagreement arises, we always reinterpret the Bible and Holy Fathers such that we can make them agree (...)
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  13. added 2016-12-07
    Carter A. Gordon E. & B. Jarvis (eds.) (forthcoming). Knowledge First Approaches to Epistemology and Mind. Oxford University Press.
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  14. added 2016-12-07
    Jessica Pepp (forthcoming). Assertion, Lying, and Falsely Implicating. In Sanford C. Goldberg (ed.), The Oxford Handbook ofAssertion. OUP
    There is an intuitive and seemingly significant difference between lying and falsely implicating. This difference has received scrutiny both historically and recently, mostly in the context of the following two questions. First, how should lying be defined so as to distinguish it from falsely implicating? Second, is the difference between lying and falsely implicating really significant, and if so, how and why is it significant? Answers to the first question typically invoke assertion, claiming (roughly) that to lie is to assert (...)
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  15. added 2016-12-07
    Michele Paolini Paoletti (forthcoming). How I (Freely) Raised My Arm. Downward, Structural, Substance Causation. Mind and Matter.
    Downward causation is causation of lower-level effects by higher-level entities. For example, if I am a higher-level entity with respect to my neurons, I can downwardly cause something involving my neurons. Downward causation is associated with emergence. Within an emergentist framework, downward causation is fundamental, irreducible causation of lower-level effects (at the emergence bases) by emergent entities. In this paper, I shall describe and defend a model of downward causation that is based on substance-structural causation: the Downward, Structural, Substance Causation (...)
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  16. added 2016-12-07
    Steven James Bartlett (2016). Conviction and Rationality. Willamette University Faculty Research Website.
    A short paper presented before the Fellows of the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions during the academic year 1969-70, with an Introductory Note written nearly 50 years later. The paper describes the author's enduring personal philosophical precept; it is also an implicit encomium to individuals whose psychology establishes a dependable bridge between their rational convictions and their conduct.
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  17. added 2016-12-07
    Brandt H. van der Gaast, A Defense of Russellian Descriptivism.
    In this dissertation, I defend a Russellian form of descriptivism. The main supporting argument invokes a relation between meaning and thought. I argue that the meanings of sentences are the thoughts people use them to express. This is part of a Gricean outlook on meaning according to which psychological intentionality is prior to, and determinative of, linguistic intentionality. The right approach to thought, I argue in Chapter 1, is a type of functionalism on which thoughts have narrow contents. On this (...)
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  18. added 2016-12-06
    Michael O’Sullivan (forthcoming). ‘The Echo of a Thought in Sight’: Property Perception, Universals and Wittgenstein. International Journal of Philosophical Studies:1-15.
    Contemporary philosophers of perception, even those with otherwise widely differing beliefs, often hold that universals enter into the content of perceptual experience. This doctrine can even be seen as a trivial inference from the observation that we observe properties – ways that things are – as well as things. I argue that the inference is not trivial but can and should be resisted. Ordinary property perception does not involve awareness of universals. But there are visual experiences which do involve determinate (...)
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  19. added 2016-12-06
    L. A. Paul (2016). Experience, Metaphysics, and Cognitive Science. In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Wiley 419-433.
    This chapter presents an opinionated account of how to understand the contributions of experience, especially with respect to the role of cognitive science, in developing and assessing metaphysical theories of reality. I develop a methodological basis for the idea that, independently of work in experimental philosophy focused on explications of concepts, contemporary metaphysical theories with a role for experiential evidence can be fruitfully connected to empirical work in psychology, especially cognitive science. My argument is not that cognitive science should replace (...)
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  20. added 2016-12-06
    John Sullivan (2016). Christian Credibility in Maurice Blondel. Heythrop Journal 57 (6):984-998.
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  21. added 2016-12-06
    Yus Francisco (2016). Propositional Attitude, Affective Attitude and Irony Comprehension. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 23 (1):92-116.
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  22. added 2016-12-06
    L. A. Paul & Kieran Healy (2016). Transformative Treatments. Noûs 50 (4).
    Contemporary social-scientific research seeks to identify specific causal mechanisms for outcomes of theoretical interest. Experiments that randomize populations to treatment and control conditions are the “gold standard” for causal inference. We identify, describe, and analyze the problem posed by transformative treatments. Such treatments radically change treated individuals in a way that creates a mismatch in populations, but this mismatch is not empirically detectable at the level of counterfactual dependence. In such cases, the identification of causal pathways is underdetermined in a (...)
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  23. added 2016-12-06
    Matthew Zaro Fisher (2016). A Supervenient Trinity: An Alternative to Latin and Social Trinitarian Theories. Heythrop Journal 57 (6):964-973.
    The Latin Trinity and the Social Trinity represent the two dominant approaches for interpreting the doctrine of the Trinity in contemporary philosophical theology. Both approaches have consequences for Christian theology, however, and I believe that neither sufficiently overcomes the charges of modalism or tritheism, respectively. Moreover, the charge of the overall logical incoherency of the doctrine of the Trinity remains a viable criticism. In order to defend the doctrine of the Trinity against charges of incoherency, while avoiding the modalistic and (...)
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  24. added 2016-12-06
    C. C. Pecknold (2016). ‘Man is by Nature a Social and Political Animal’: Essential and Anti‐Essentialist Relational Ontologies Revisited. Heythrop Journal 57 (6):883-899.
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  25. added 2016-12-06
    Geoffrey Turner (2016). Review Essay. Heythrop Journal 57 (6).
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  26. added 2016-12-06
    L. A. Paul (2014). Experience and the Arrow. In Alastair Wilson (ed.), Chance and Temporal Asymmetry. 175-193.
    The debate over the temporal arrow is a debate over what fundamental ontology is needed for the temporal asymmetry of the universe, which determines the fact that time seems to be oriented or directed from earlier to later. This temporal asymmetry underlies (or, as some might argue, is the same as) the asymmetrical fact that the past is fixed while the future is open, as well as the global asymmetries of counterfactual, causal and agential direction. I explore the metaphysics of (...)
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  27. added 2016-12-05
    Matthew Frise (forthcoming). Preservationism in the Epistemology of Memory. Philosophical Quarterly.
    Preservationism states that memory preserves the justification of the beliefs it preserves. More precisely: if S formed a justified belief that p at t1 and retains in memory a belief that p until t2, then S's belief that p is prima facie justified via memory at t2. Preservationism is an unchallenged orthodoxy in the epistemology of memory. Advocates include Sven Bernecker, Tyler Burge, Alvin Goldman, Gilbert Harman, Michael Huemer, Matthew McGrath, and Thomas Senor. I develop three dilemmas for it, in (...)
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  28. added 2016-12-05
    Uriah Kriegel (forthcoming). Reductive Representationalism and Emotional Phenomenology. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 41.
    A prominent view of phenomenal consciousness combines two claims: (i) the identity conditions of phenomenally conscious states can be fully accounted for in terms of these states’ representational content; (ii) this representational content can be fully accounted for in non-phenomenal terms. This paper presents an argument against this view. The core idea is that the identity conditions of phenomenally conscious states are not fixed entirely by what these states represent (their representational contents), but depend in part on how they represent (...)
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  29. added 2016-12-05
    Meyer Ulrich (forthcoming). Fatalism as a Metaphysical Thesis. Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 39 (4).
    Even though fatalism has been an intermittent topic of philosophy since Greek antiquity, this paper argues that fate ought to be of little concern to metaphysicians. Fatalism is neither an interesting metaphysical thesis in its own right, nor can it be identified with theses that are, such as realism about the future or determinism.
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  30. added 2016-12-05
    Jason Shepard & Aneyn O’Grady (2017). What Kinds of Alternative Possibilities Are Required of the Folk Concept of Choice? Consciousness and Cognition 48:138-148.
    Our concept of choice is integral to the way we understand others and ourselves, especially when considering ourselves as free and responsible agents. Despite the importance of this concept, there has been little empirical work on it. In this paper we report four experiments that provide evidence for two concepts of choice—namely, a concept of choice that is operative in the phrase having a choice and another that is operative in the phrase making a choice. The experiments indicate that the (...)
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  31. added 2016-12-05
    Marsh Leslie (2016). Philosopher of Precision and Soul: Introducing Walker Percy. Zygon 51 (4):983-998.
    This article introduces the work of philosopher-novelist Walker Percy to the Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science readership. After some biographical and contextual preliminaries, I suggest that the conceptual collecting feature to Percy's work is his critique of abstractionism manifest in a tripartite congruence of Cartesianism, derivatively misapplied science, and social atomism.
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  32. added 2016-12-05
    Jäger Christoph (2016). Glaube, Wissen und rationales Hoffen. In Geschichte - Gesellschaft - Geltung: XXIII Deutscher Kongress für Philosophie, 28. September -- 2. Oktober 2014 an der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Kolloquienbeiträge, ed. Michael Quante, Hamburg, Felix Meiner: 2016. 501-517.
    Discussing two accounts of rational religious faith suggested by Peter Rohs and Volker Gerhardt, the paper critically explores the relation between (i) faith and knowledge and (ii) faith and hope. It argues that, if faith essentially involves some form of eschatological hope, then an account of rational faith ought to incorporate an analysis of rational hope.
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  33. added 2016-12-05
    Picha Marek (2016). A Minimalist Framework for Thought Experiment Analysis. Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 23 (4):503-524.
    Thought experiments are frequently vague and obscure hypothetical scenarios that are difficult to assess. The paper proposes a simple model of thought experiments. In the first part, I introduce two contemporary frameworks for thought experiment analysis: an experimentalist approach that relies on similarities between real and thought experiment, and a reasonist approach focusing on the answers provided by thought experimenting. Further, I articulate a minimalist approach in which thought experiment is considered strictly as doxastic mechanism based on imagination. I introduce (...)
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  34. added 2016-12-05
    Lemaire (2016). Quand Nos Émotions Sont-Elles Raisonnables? Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 141 (2):215-234.
    Nous jugeons les réponses émotionnelles comme plus ou moins raisonnables étant donné leur objet et le contexte. Je soutiens que la légitimité de ces jugements repose sur le caractère raisonnable des désirs ou des dispositions émotionnelles qui expliquent ces réponses émotionnelles. Il est déraisonnable d’être triste de ne pas satisfaire un désir déraisonnable. Mais comment un désir peut-il être déraisonnable ? Je rejette l’idée selon laquelle les désirs seraient raisonnables parce que cohérents. Je suggère que nos désirs et nos dispositions (...)
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  35. added 2016-12-05
    Peter Phillips (2016). The Dialogue of Faith and Cultures: From Paul VI to Benedict XVI. New Blackfriars 97 (1072).
    Vatican II's documents Gaudium et Spes and Ad gentes reveal two interrelated dialogues: a dialogue between Church and other religious traditions, and a more general dialogue between faith and particular societies. The theme takes its cue form Paul VI's first encyclical, Ecclesiam Suam and, in the last fifty years, has flowered into a rich body of teaching expressed in various documents. It became central to the teaching of John Paul II with his passionate concern for the dignity of the human (...)
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  36. added 2016-12-05
    Anne Meylan (2014). La justification des croyances testimoniales: le malentendu. In Jean-Marie Chevalier & Benoît Gaultier (eds.), Connaître. Questions d'épistémologie contemporaine. 231-252.
    Ce chapitre discute de la justification des croyances testimoniales, c’est-à-dire de la justification des croyances que nous adoptons en nous appuyant sur le témoignage d’autrui. Plus précisément, la question à laquelle cette contribution s’intéresse est celle des conditions nécessaires et suffisantes de la justification des croyances testimoniales. Il y a deux manières classiques, et soi-disant antagonistes, d’y répondre: la réponse réductionnisme et la réponse non-réductionniste. L’objectif de ce chapitre est d’une part de présenter ces deux réponses, d’autre part, d’expliquer pourquoi (...)
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  37. added 2016-12-05
    Denys Turner (2006). Faith, Reason and the Existence of God. Cambridge University Press.
    The proposition that the existence of God is demonstrable by rational argument is doubted by nearly all philosophical opinion today and is thought by most Christian theologians to be incompatible with Christian faith. This book argues that, on the contrary, there are reasons of faith why in principle the existence of God should be thought rationally demonstrable and that it is worthwhile revisiting the theology of Thomas Aquinas to see why this is so. The book further suggests that philosophical objections (...)
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  38. added 2016-12-05
    Ned Block (1977). Review of Julian Jaynes, Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. [REVIEW] Boston Globe.
    Review of Julian Jaynes, Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind from the Boston Globe, March 6, 1977, p. A17.
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  39. added 2016-12-04
    Alessia Marabini & Luca Moretti, Boghossian's Template and Transmission Failure.
    Within his overarching program aiming to defend an epistemic conception of analyticity, Boghossian (1996 and 1997) has offered a clear-cut explanation of how we can acquire a priori knowledge of logical truths and logical rules through implicit definition. The explanation is based on a special template or general form of argument. Ebert (2005) has argued that an enhanced version of this template is flawed because a segment of it is unable to transmit warrant from its premises to the conclusion. This (...)
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  40. added 2016-12-04
    L. A. Paul (forthcoming). The Subjectively Enduring Self. In Ian Phillips (ed.), Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Temporal Experience. Routledge
    The self can be understood in objective metaphysical terms as a bundle of properties, as a substance, or as some other kind of entity on our metaphysical list of what there is. Such an approach explores the metaphysical nature of the self when regarded from a suitably impersonal, ontological perspective. It explores the nature and structure of the self in objective reality, that is, the nature and structure of the self from without. This is the objective self. I am taking (...)
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  41. added 2016-12-04
    L. A. Paul (forthcoming). A One Category Ontology. In John A. Keller (ed.), Freedom, Metaphysics, and Method: Themes from van Inwagen. Oxford University Press
    I defend a one category ontology: an ontology that denies that we need more than one fundamental category to support the ontological structure of the world. Categorical fundamentality is understood in terms of the metaphysically prior, as that in which everything else in the world consists. One category ontologies are deeply appealing, because their ontological simplicity gives them an unmatched elegance and spareness. I’m a fan of a one category ontology that collapses the distinction between particular and property, replacing it (...)
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  42. added 2016-12-04
    Barry Schein (forthcoming). Noughty Bits: The Subatomic Scope of Negation. Linguistics and Philosophy:1-82.
    Since Fodor 1970, negation has worn a Homogeneity Condition to the effect that homogeneous predicates, ) denote homogeneously—all or nothing —to characterize the meaning of – when uttered out-of-the blue, in contrast to –:The mirrors are smooth. The mirrors are not smooth. The mirrors circle the telescope’s reflector. The mirrors do not circle the telescope’s reflector. It has been a problem for philosophical logic and for the semantics of natural language that – appear to defy the Principle of Excluded Middle (...)
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  43. added 2016-12-04
    Martin Glazier (forthcoming). Essentialist Explanation. Philosophical Studies:1-19.
    Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in metaphysical explanation, and philosophers have fixed on the notion of ground as the conceptual tool with which such explanation should be investigated. I will argue that this focus on ground is myopic and that some metaphysical explanations that involve the essences of things cannot be understood in terms of ground. Such ‘essentialist’ explanation is of interest, not only for its ubiquity in philosophy, but for its being in a sense an ultimate (...)
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  44. added 2016-12-04
    L. A. Paul (forthcoming). First Personal Modes of Presentation and the Structure of Empathy. Inquiry.
    There are a host of fascinating philosophical issues that concern our understanding of the self, its relation to the first personal perspective, and its connection to the structure and content of conscious experience. These issues connect to work in the philosophy of language involving the nature of de se content and the role of perspective. They concern the role of indexicals in broader philosophical theories and the nature of the semantic content that indexicals contribute to our linguistic and conceptual representations. (...)
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  45. added 2016-12-03
    Damiano Migliorini (2016). Lineamenti di cristeologia. «Fede critica» e umiltà epistemica: il rapporto ragione-fede al confine tra meta-teologia, metodologia e vita. TheoLogica. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 1:1-51.
    ENGLISH: The author investigates whether the model prevalent today of an “humble reason” - based on fallibilism and epistemic humility - is the most appropriate to express the theological truth, even in the light of the debate within the contemporary theism (rational theology). To answer this question it is necessary to examine the epistemological status of “human truth” and the “truth of faith”, in order to develop a common approach to sciences, philosophy and theology. Finally, the author shows how the (...)
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  46. added 2016-12-03
    Mekhi Dhesi (2016). In Light of the Theory of Special Relativity is a Passage of Time and the Argument of the Presentist Untenable? Dissertation, University College London
    In light of the Special Theory of Relativity and the Minkowski creation of ‘spacetime’, the universe is taken to be a four-dimensional entity which postulates bodies as existing within a temporally extended reality. The Special Theory of Relativity’s implications liken the nature of the universe to a ‘block’ within which all events coexist equally in spacetime. Such a view strikes against the very essence of presentism, which holds that all that exists is the instantaneous state of objects in the present (...)
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  47. added 2016-12-03
    Damiano Migliorini (2016). La soluzione di Boezio nel dibattito contemporaneo sull’onniscienza divina: un bilancio. Rassegna di Teologia 57:19-53.
    The author analyzes the interpretation of Boethius’ “timelessness solution” developed in contemporary Analytic Philosophy of Religion, and the main objections that have been moved to it, trying to draw some conclusions about its effectiveness (a) in solving the antinomy between omniscience and human freedom; (b) in weakening the argument of Open Theism. -/- La nuova prospettiva teoretica proposta dall’Open Theism impone un approfondimento e una rivalutazione delle soluzioni “classiche” all’antinomia tra onniscienza divina e libertà umana. Tra queste “soluzioni” vi è, (...)
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  48. added 2016-12-03
    Eros Moreira de Carvalho & Flavio Williges (2015). Sosa on Animal Knowledge and Emotions. Analytica 19 (1):145-160.
    Our goal in this paper is to discuss the notion of animal knowledge in Judgment and Agency. Our approach has two stages. First, we offer a positive contribution, attempting to show that there is room for the introduction of emotions into an animal knowledge approach and into Sosa’s theory of competence. If we follow Sosa and conceive knowledge as a kind of action or successful performance, then emotions can contribute functionally for enhancing performance and are essential for the sharing of (...)
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  49. added 2016-12-02
    Anil Gomes (forthcoming). Unity, Objectivity, and the Passivity of Experience. European Journal of Philosophy.
    In the section ‘Unity and Objectivity’ of The Bounds of Sense, P.F. Strawson argues for the thesis that unity of consciousness requires experience of an objective world. My aim in this essay is to evaluate this claim. In the first and second parts of the essay, I explicate Strawson’s thesis, reconstruct his argument, and identify the point at which the argument fails. Strawson’s discussion nevertheless raises an important question: are there ways in which we must think of our experiences if (...)
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  50. added 2016-12-02
    Jared Warren & Daniel Waxman (forthcoming). A Metasemantic Challenge for Mathematical Determinacy. Synthese:1-19.
    This paper investigates the determinacy of mathematics. We begin by clarifying how we are understanding the notion of determinacy before turning to the questions of whether and how famous independence results bear on issues of determinacy in mathematics. From there, we pose a metasemantic challenge for those who believe that mathematical language is determinate, motivate two important constraints on attempts to meet our challenge, and then use these constraints to develop an argument against determinacy and discuss a particularly popular approach (...)
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