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  1. added 2016-07-23
    Daihyun Chung, Indexical Realism by Inter-Agentic Reference.
    I happen to believe that though human experiences are to be characterized as pluralistic they are all rooted in the one reality. I would assume the thesis of pluralism but how could I maintain my belief in the realism? There are various discussions in favor of realism but they appear to stay within a particular paradigm so to be called “internal realism”. In this paper I would try to justify my belief in the reality by discussing a special use of (...)
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  2. added 2016-07-23
    Sonia Sikka (forthcoming). Heidegger’s Argument for the Existence of God? Sophia:1-25.
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  3. added 2016-07-23
    Rituparna Ray Chaudhuri, Https://Archive.Org/Details/AspirationAndRealityOneOfMyFavouritePoems.
    To read Literature by Generation today in majority, is not to pass on the subject only, rather more than this know what 'you' are learning..
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  4. added 2016-07-23
    Fabio Sterpetti (2016). Models, Brains, and Scientific Realism. In L. Magnani & C. Casadio (eds.), Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. Logical, Epistemological, and Cognitive Issues. Springer 639-661.
    Prediction Error Minimization theory (PEM) is one of the most promising attempts to model perception in current science of mind, and it has recently been advocated by some prominent philosophers as Andy Clark and Jakob Hohwy. Briefly, PEM maintains that “the brain is an organ that on aver-age and over time continually minimizes the error between the sensory input it predicts on the basis of its model of the world and the actual sensory input” (Hohwy 2014, p. 2). An interesting (...)
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  5. added 2016-07-22
    Jeremy Goodman (forthcoming). Williamson on Necessitism. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-27.
    I critically discuss some of the main arguments of Modal Logic as Metaphysics, present a different way of thinking about the issues raised by those arguments, and briefly discuss some broader issues about the role of higher-order logic in metaphysics.
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  6. added 2016-07-22
    J. Adam Carter (forthcoming). Sosa on Knowledge, Judgment and Guessing. Synthese.
    In Chapter 3 of Judgment and Agency, Ernest Sosa (2015) explicates the concept of a fully apt performance. In the course of doing so, he draws from illustrative examples of practical performances and applies lessons drawn to the case of cognitive performances, and in particular, to the cog- nitive performance of judging. Sosa's examples in the practical sphere are rich and instructive. But there is, I will argue, an interesting disanalogy between the practical and cognitive examples he relies on. Ultimately, (...)
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  7. added 2016-07-22
    Jochen Briesen (forthcoming). Evidentielle Einzigkeit in klassischer und formaler Erkenntnistheorie. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung.
    Die These der evidentiellen Einzigkeit besagt, dass es im Lichte von Gesamt-Evidenz E genau eine doxastische Einstellung – Für-Wahr-Halten, Für-Falsch-Halten, Enthaltung – gibt, die von Subjekten in Bezug auf eine beliebige Proposition rationalerweise eingenommen werden kann. Auf den ersten Blick ist diese These sehr plausibel. Der vorliegende Aufsatz diskutiert zunächst die Relevanz des Prin- zips sowohl in klassischen (nicht-formalen) sowie in formalen erkenntnistheoretischen Forschungstraditionen. Anschließend wird untersucht, wie plausibel das Prinzip bei genauerer Betrachtung tatsächlich ist und auf welchen Überlegungen dessen (...)
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  8. added 2016-07-22
    Jan Heylen (forthcoming). Why is There Something Rather Than Nothing? A Logical Investigation. Erkenntnis:1-29.
    From Leibniz to Krauss philosophers and scientists have raised the question as to why there is something rather than nothing. Why-questions request a type of explanation and this is often thought to include a deductive component. With classical logic in the background only trivial answers are forthcoming. With free logics in the background, be they of the negative, positive or neutral variety, only question-begging answers are to be expected. The same conclusion is reached for the modal version of the Question, (...)
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  9. added 2016-07-22
    John L. Schellenberg (forthcoming). A Modest Solution to the Problem of Religious Disagreement. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-16.
    In this paper I develop a new recipe for solving the problem of religious disagreement suggested by the injunction to cultivate intellectual humility conjoined with awareness of human immaturity in deep time. The ingredients brought to the table include such things as noticing the full breadth and texture of the religious propositional field, observing the previously hidden areas of agreement this exposes, making a differential judgment of importance in relation to religious propositions, applying the concept of a position, and finding (...)
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  10. added 2016-07-22
    Emanuel Viebahn & Barbara Vetter (2016). How Many Meanings for ‘May’? The Case for Modal Polysemy. Philosophers' Imprint 16 (10).
    The standard Kratzerian analysis of modal auxiliaries, such as ‘may’ and ‘can’, takes them to be univocal and context-sensitive. Our first aim is to argue for an alternative view, on which such expressions are polysemous. Our second aim is to thereby shed light on the distinction between semantic context-sensitivity and polysemy. To achieve these aims, we examine the mechanisms of polysemy and context-sensitivity and provide criteria with which they can be held apart. We apply the criteria to modal auxiliaries and (...)
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  11. added 2016-07-22
    Jack Louis Pappas (2015). Otherwise Than Identity, or Beyond Difference. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (2):125-137.
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  12. added 2016-07-22
    Emma Brown Dewhurst (2015). The Ontology of Virtue as Participation in Divine Love in the Works of St. Maximus the Confessor. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (2):157-169.
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  13. added 2016-07-22
    Ty Monroe (2015). I Know You Above All; I Know You Not. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (2):139-156.
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  14. added 2016-07-22
    Marcin Podbielski (2015). Editorial Note. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (2):121-121.
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  15. added 2016-07-22
    Douglas A. Shepardson (2015). Maximus and Socrates on Trial. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (2):171-182.
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  16. added 2016-07-22
    Anna Zhyrkova (2015). George E. Karamanolis: The Philosophy of Early Christianity. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (2):201-209.
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  17. added 2016-07-22
    Cullan Joyce (2015). Unity, Interdependence, and Multiplicity in Maximus the Confessor. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (2):183-200.
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  18. added 2016-07-22
    Sotiris Mitralexis & Georgios Steiris (2015). Guest Editors' Note. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 20 (2):119-120.
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  19. added 2016-07-21
    Anand Jayprakash Vaidya, Purushottama Bilimoria & Jayshankar L. Shaw (forthcoming). Absence: An Indo-Analytic Inquiry. Sophia:1-23.
    Two of the most important contributions that Bimal Krishna Matilal made to comparative philosophy derive from his doctoral dissertation The Navya-Nyāya Doctrine of Negation: The Semantics and Ontology of Negative Statements in Navya-Nyāya Philosophy and his classic: Perception: An Essay on Classical Indian Theories of Knowing. In this essay, we aim to carry forward the work of Bimal K. Matilal by showing how ideas in classical Indian philosophy concerning absence and perception are relevant to recent debates in analytic philosophy. In (...)
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  20. added 2016-07-21
    Joshua Samuel (forthcoming). Review of Raimon Panikkar, Religion and Religions, Opera Omnia, Volume II. [REVIEW] Sophia:1-3.
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  21. added 2016-07-21
    Sven Bernecker (2016). Autoconhecimento e os limites da autenticidade. Skepsis: A Journal for Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Research 9 (13):105-125.
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  22. added 2016-07-21
    E. Taku (2016). AN INTIMATE INSIGHT ON PSYCHOPATHY AND A NOVEL HERMENEUTIC PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. SSRN Electronic Journal 9 (7):entire issue.
    This paper is rather a profound hermeneutic enunciation putting into question our present understanding of psychopathy. It further articulates, in complement, a novel theoretical and methodological conceptualisation for a hermeneutic psychological science. Methodology-wise, it puts into question a traditional more or less categorical and mechanical approach to the social and behavioural sciences as it strives to introduce a creative and insightful approach for the articulation of ideas. It rather seeks to construe the scientific method as being more about falsifiability and (...)
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  23. added 2016-07-21
    César Schirmer dos Santos (2016). O problema da autenticidade do conhecimento: uma breve apresentação. Sképsis 9 (13):85-103.
    Minha proposta, nesta introdução a “Autoconhecimento e os limites da autenticidade”, texto de Sven Bernecker traduzido e publicado neste número de Sképsis, é dar razões para que defensores do anti-individualismo que sejam partidários da estratégia do autoconhecimento básico, no que diz respeito ao debate sobre a compatibilidade entre anti-individualismo e conhecimento de si, mudem de posição, e passem a defender anti-individualismo com teoria da autenticidade.
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  24. added 2016-07-21
    Daniel Proulx (2015). La “philosophie islamique” : enjeux d'une perspective transnationale et non confessionnelle de l'islam. L'islam Regards En Coin:99-114.
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  25. added 2016-07-21
    Jacob Stegenga (2011). Henk W. De Regt, Sabina Leonelli and Kai Eigner , Scientific Understanding: Philosophical Perspectives. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2009. Pp. Ix+352. ISBN 978-0-8229-4378-6. $65.00. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 44 (4):578-580.
  26. added 2016-07-20
    Alexander Reutlinger (forthcoming). Does the Counterfactual Theory of Explanation Apply to Non-Causal Explanations in Metaphysics? European Journal for Philosophy of Science.
    In the recent philosophy of explanation, a growing attention to and discussion of non-causal explanations has emerged, as there seem to be compelling examples of non-causal explanations in the sciences, in pure mathematics, and in metaphysics. I defend the claim that the counterfactual theory of explanation (CTE) captures the explanatory character of both non-causal scientific and metaphysical explanations. According to the CTE, scientific and metaphysical explanations are explanatory by virtue of revealing counterfactual dependencies between the explanandum and the explanans. I (...)
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  27. added 2016-07-20
    Jonathan Livengood, Justin Sytsma & David Rose (forthcoming). Following the FAD: Folk Attributions and Theories of Actual Causation. Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-22.
    In the last decade, several researchers have proposed theories of actual causation that make use of structural equations and directed graphs. Many of these researchers are committed to a widely-endorsed folk attribution desideratum, according to which an important constraint on the acceptability of a theory of actual causation is agreement between the deliverances of the theory with respect to specific cases and the reports of untutored individuals about those same cases. In the present article, we consider a small collection of (...)
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  28. added 2016-07-20
    Andrew M. Bailey (forthcoming). On the Concept of a Spirit. Religious Studies.
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  29. added 2016-07-20
    Luis Vicente (forthcoming). Free Versus Bound Variables and the Taxonomy of Gaps. Natural Language Semantics:1-43.
    Potts et seq. presents an analysis of gap-containing supplements where the gap is modelled as a variable over the semantic type of the constituent that the as-clause adjoins to. This much allows the meaning of the gap to be resolved purely compositionally, by defining as as a function that allows the anchor to bind the gap variable. This article presents a class of as-clauses where Potts’s analysis seems to break down, in that the gap cannot be modelled as a variable (...)
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  30. added 2016-07-20
    Dan Cavedon-Taylor (forthcoming). Odors, Objects and Olfaction. American Philosophical Quarterly.
    Olfaction represents odors, if it represents anything at all. Does olfaction also represent ordinary objects like cheese, fish and coffee-beans? Many think so. It is argued here that such a view is in error. Instead, we should affirm an austere account of the intentional objects of olfaction: olfactory experience is about odors, not objects. Visuocentric thinking about olfaction has tempted some philosophers to say otherwise.
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  31. added 2016-07-20
    David Rohrer Budiash (2016). Fundamental Theology for the Trinity: Karl Rahner's Contribution. Heythrop Journal 57 (4):n/a-n/a.
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  32. added 2016-07-20
    Nathan L. Cartagena (2016). Resilience, Emotion Regulation, and Thomas Aquinas. Heythrop Journal 57 (4).
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  33. added 2016-07-20
    Erin C. Stackle (2016). Aristotle the Virtue Doctor. Heythrop Journal 57 (4):n/a-n/a.
    It is difficult for us to effectively diagnose our current character state such that we can follow Aristotle's advice to aim for the opposite extreme. The law can provide us a general standard, and the household strives to fill in the particular gaps inevitable to laws that must be universal. Neither, however, can ensure a proper diagnosis. Careful attention to Aristotle's discussion of how the medical doctor generates health gives us a model we can apply to Aristotle's discussions of character (...)
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  34. added 2016-07-19
    Neil McDonnell, Causal Exclusion and the Limits of Proportionality.
    Causal exclusion arguments are taken to threaten the autonomy of the special sciences, and the causal efficacy of mental properties. A recent line of response to these arguments has appealed to "independently plausible" and "well grounded" theories of causation to rebut key premises. In this paper I consider two papers which proceed in this vein and show that they share a common feature: they both require causes to be proportional (in Yablo's sense) to their effects. I argue that this feature (...)
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  35. added 2016-07-19
    Uriah Kriegel (forthcoming). Precis of The Varieties of Consciousness. Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia.
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  36. added 2016-07-19
    Nicholas Maxwell (forthcoming). Understanding Scientific Progress: Aim-Oriented Empiricism. Paragon House.
    "Understanding Scientific Progress constitutes a potentially enormous and revolutionary advancement in philosophy of science. It deserves to be read and studied by everyone with any interest in or connection with physics or the theory of science. Maxwell cites the work of Hume, Kant, J.S. Mill, Ludwig Bolzmann, Pierre Duhem, Einstein, Henri Poincaré, C.S. Peirce, Whitehead, Russell, Carnap, A.J. Ayer, Karl Popper, Thomas Kuhn, Imre Lakatos, Paul Feyerabend, Nelson Goodman, Bas van Fraassen, and numerous others. He lauds Popper for advancing beyond (...)
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  37. added 2016-07-19
    Jussi Suikkanen (2016). Review of Errol Lord and Barry Maguire's (Eds.) Weighing Reasons. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2016 (7).
    This is a short review of a collection of articles entitled Weighing Reasons edited by Errol Lord and Barry Maguire.
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  38. added 2016-07-19
    Chrisoula Andreou & Sergio Tenenbaum (eds.) (2016). Belief, Action and Rationality Over Time. Routledge.
    Action theorists and formal epistemologists often pursue parallel inquiries regarding rationality, with the former focused on practical rationality, and the latter focused on theoretical rationality. In both fields, there is currently a strong interest in exploring rationality in relation to time. This exploration raises questions about the rationality of certain patterns over time. For example, it raises questions about the rational permissibility of certain patterns of intention; similarly, it raises questions about the rational permissibility of certain patterns of belief. While (...)
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  39. added 2016-07-19
    Neil Sinclair, On the Connection Between Normative Reasons and the Possibility of Acting for Those Reasons.
    According to Bernard Williams, if it is true that A has a normative reason to Φ then it must be possible that A should Φ for that reason. This claim is important both because it restricts the range of reasons which agents can have and because it has been used as a premise in an argument for so-called ‘internalist’ theories of reasons. In this paper I rebut an apparent counterexamples to Williams’ claim: Schroeder’s example of Nate. I argue that this (...)
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  40. added 2016-07-19
    Christian Quast (2016). Expertise: A Practical Explication. Topoi:1-17.
    In this paper I will introduce a practical explication for the notion of expertise. At first, I motivate this attempt by taking a look on recent debates which display great disagreement about whether and how to define expertise in the first place. After that I will introduce the methodology of practical explications in the spirit of Edward Craig’s Knowledge and the state of nature along with some conditions of adequacy taken from ordinary and scientific language. This eventually culminates in the (...)
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  41. added 2016-07-19
    Dominique Pestre (2016). Knowledge and Rational Action: The Economization of Environment, and After. In Susan Neiman, Peter Galison & Wendy Doniger (eds.), What Reason Promises: Essays on Reason, Nature and History. De Gruyter 93-99.
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  42. added 2016-07-19
    Jens Gillessen (2015). Do Intentions Set Up Rational Defaults? Commitments, Reasons, and the Diachronic Dimension of Rationality. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (2).
    Suppose that you do not do what you have previously decided to do. Are you to be charged with irrationality? A number of otherwise divergent theories of practical rationality hold that by default, you are; there are rational pressures, it is claimed, that favor the long-term stability and eventual execution of distal intentions. The article challenges this view by examining how these purported pressures can be spelled out. Is intention a normative commitment to act? Are intentions reasons for action – (...)
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  43. added 2016-07-19
    Derek Clayton Baker, Akrasia and the Problem of the Unity of Reason.
    Joseph Raz and Sergio Tenenbaum argue that the Guise of the Good thesis explains both the possibility of practical reason and its unity with theoretical reason, something Humean psychological theories may be unable to do. This paper will argue, however, that Raz and Tenenbaum face a dilemma: either the version of the Guise of the Good they offer is too strong to allow for weakness of will, or it will lose its theoretical advantage in preserving the unity of reason.
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  44. added 2016-07-19
    Jens Gillessen (2015). Do Intentions Set Up Rational Defaults? Commitments, Reasons, and the Diachronic Dimension of Rationality. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (2):n/a-n/a.
    Suppose that you do not do what you have previously decided to do. Are you to be charged with irrationality? A number of otherwise divergent theories of practical rationality hold that by default, you are; there are rational pressures, it is claimed, that favor the long-term stability and eventual execution of distal intentions. The article challenges this view by examining how these purported pressures can be spelled out. Is intention a normative commitment to act? Are intentions reasons for action – (...)
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  45. added 2016-07-19
    Derek Clayton Baker, The Abductive Case for Humeanism Over Quasi-Perceptual Theories of Desire.
    A number of philosophers have offered quasi-perceptual theories of desire, according to which to desire something is roughly to “see” it as having value or providing reasons. These are offered as alternatives to the more traditional Humean Theory of Motivation, which denies that desires have a representational aspect. This paper examines the various considerations offered by advocates to motivate quasi-perceptualism. It argues that Humeanism is in fact able to explain the same data that the quasi-perceptualist can explain, and in one (...)
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  46. added 2016-07-19
    Hameed Chughtai & Michael David Myers, The Entwinement Logic of Practices: Insights From an Ethnography of Young IT Professionals.
    This paper seeks to place the phenomenon of technology within the context of everyday practices using the logic of practical rationality. We draw some insights from our ethnography of young professionals and shed light on their everyday technological practices by invoking the concept of entwinement from hermeneutic phenomenology. Our findings reveal that the new generation users are becoming intimately entwined with information technologies in their everyday practices. Our study contributes toward the ongoing debate concerning the theorizing of technology and its (...)
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  47. added 2016-07-19
    Philip Pettit (2006). Preference, Deliberation and Satisfaction. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 59:131-154.
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  48. added 2016-07-19
    David Copp (1995). Moral Obligation and Moral Motivation. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (sup1):187-219.
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  49. added 2016-07-19
    David Pole (1968). VII—On Practical Reason and Benevolence. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 68 (1):129-144.
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  50. added 2016-07-19
    W. D. Falk (1948). VIII.—“Ought” and Motivation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 48 (1):111-138.
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