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  1. Vlad Alexandrescu (2013). Regius and Gassendi on the Human Soul. Intellectual History Review 23 (2):433-452.
    Reshaping the neo-Aristotelian doctrines about the human soul was Descartes’s most spectacular enterprise, which gave birth to some of the sharpest debates in the Republic of Letters. Neverthe- less, it was certainly Descartes’s intention, as already expressed in the Discours de la méthode, to show that his new metaphysics could be supplemented with experimental research in the field of medicine and the conservation of life. It is no surprise then that several natural philosophers and doctors, such as Henricus Regius from (...)
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  2. Takatsura Andō (1974). Metaphysics: A Critical Survey of its Meaning. Nijhoff.
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  3. G. E. M. Anscombe (1981). Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Mind. University of Minnesota Press.
    The intentionality of sensation -- The first person -- Substance -- The subjectivity of sensation -- Events in the mind -- Comments on Professor R.L. Gregory's paper on perception -- On sensations of position -- Intention -- Pretending -- On the grammar of "Enjoy" -- The reality of the past -- Memory, "experience," and causation -- Causality and determination -- Times, beginnings, and causes -- Soft determinism -- Causality and extensionality -- Before and after -- Subjunctive conditionals -- "Under a (...)
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  4. István Aranyosi (2011). The Solo Numero Paradox. American Philosophical Quarterly 48 (4):347.
    Leibniz notoriously insisted that no two individuals differ solo numero, that is, by being primitively distinct, without differing in some property. The details of Leibniz’s own way of understanding and defending the principle –known as the principle of identity of indiscernibles (henceforth ‘the Principle’)—is a matter of much debate. However, in contemporary metaphysics an equally notorious and discussed issue relates to a case put forward by Max Black (1952) as a counter-example to any necessary and non-trivial version of the principle. (...)
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  5. Bruce Aune (1970). Review of Sellars' Science and Metaphysics. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 67:251-256.
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  6. Archie J. Bahm (1974). Metaphysics. New York,Barnes & Noble Books.
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  7. Lynne Rudder Baker & Gareth Matthews (2010). Anselm's Argument Reconsidered. Review of Metaphysics 64 (1):31-54.
    Anselm’s argument for the existence of God in Proslogion 2 has a little-noticed feature: It can be properly formulated only by beings who have the ability to think of things and refer to things independently of whether or not they exist in reality. The authors explore this cognitive ability and try to make clear the role it plays in the ontological argument. Then, we offer a new version of the ontological argument, which, we argue, is sound: it is valid, has (...)
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  8. Dirk Baltzly (1999). Aristotle and Platonic Dialectic in Metaphysics Gamma. Apeiron 32 (4):171-202.
    I come not to clarify Aristotle’s defence of the principle of non-contradiction, but to put it in its proper context. I argue that remarks in Metaphysics IV.3 together with the argument of IV.4, 1006a11-31 show that Aristotle practises Plato’s method of dialectic in his defence of PNC. I mean this in the strong sense that he uses the very methodology described in the middle books of the Republic and, I claim, illustrated in such dialogues as Parmenides, Sophist and Theaetetus.
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  9. Stephen Barker, Expressivism About Truth-Making.
    My goal is to illuminate truth-making by way of illuminating the relation of making. My strategy is not to ask what making is, in the hope of a metaphysical theory about is nature. It's rather to look first to the language of making. The metaphor behind making refers to agency. It would be absurd to suggest that claims about making are claims about agency. It is not absurd, however, to propose that the concept of making somehow emerges from some feature (...)
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  10. Elizabeth Barnes (2009). Review of David Chalmers, David Manley, Ryan Wasserman (Eds.), Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (10).
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  11. Arvid Båve (2006). Deflationism: A Use-Theoretic Analysis of the Truth-Predicate. Dissertation, Stockholm University
    I here develop a specific version of the deflationary theory of truth. I adopt a terminology on which deflationism holds that an exhaustive account of truth is given by the equivalence between truth-ascriptions and de-nominalised (or disquoted) sentences. An adequate truth-theory, it is argued, must be finite, non-circular, and give a unified account of all occurrences of “true”. I also argue that it must descriptively capture the ordinary meaning of “true”, which is plausibly taken to be unambiguous. Ch. 2 is (...)
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  12. Helen Beebee & Markus Schrenk (eds.) (2010). Hume. Metaphysics and Epistemology. mentis.
    The articles in this special issue of the yearbook Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy all concern, in one way or another, Hume’s epistemology and metaphysics. -/- There are discussions of our knowledge of causal powers, the extent to which conceivability is a guide to modality, and testimony; there are also discussions of our ideas of space and time, the role in Hume’s thought of the psychological mechanism of ‘completing the union’, the role of impressions, and Hume’s argument against the (...)
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  13. José A. Benardete (1989). Metaphysics: The Logical Approach. Oxford University Press.
    This survey of metaphysics covers the historical or classical aspects of the subject as well as those currently in the post-Wittgensteinian limelight--principally materialism, platonism, essentialism, and anti-realism. Benardete sees contemporary metaphysical preoccupations as more or less thinly disguised revisitings of those of the past, and explains how metaphysics and mathematical logic are interrelated and how metaphysical studies can illuminate both scinece and the humanities.
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  14. Karen Bennett & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.) (2011). Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 6. OUP Oxford.
    Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is the forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. OSM offers a broad view of the subject, featuring not only the traditionally central topics such as existence, identity, modality, time, and causation, but also the rich clusters of metaphysical questions in neighbouring fields, such as philosophy of mind and philosophy of science. Besides independent essays, volumes will often contain a critical essay on a recent book, or a symposium that allows participants to respond (...)
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  15. Nikolaĭ Berdi͡aev (1952/1976). The Beginning and the End. Greenwood Press.
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  16. Henri Bergson (1913/2007). An Introduction to Metaphysics. Palgrave Macmillan.
    There is currently a major renaissance of interest in Henri Bergson's unduly neglected texts and ideas amongst philosophers, literary theorists, and social theorists. Introduction to Metaphysics (1903) contains Bergson's classic statement that to philosophize is to reverse the habitual directions of our thinking, as well as his claim that a true empiricism amounts to a true metaphysics.
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  17. Tomasz Bigaj (2012). Metaphysics. A Guided Tour for Beginners.
    This book contains a concise introduction to one of the most fundamental branches of philosophy, which deals with reality and its nature. Among the topics discussed are such metaphysical questions as "Are we fundamentally free?", "Does time really pass?", "Are there any abstract objects?", "What is causation?", "What are necessary and possible truths?". The book is aimed at absolute beginners, so it does not presuppose any previous knowledge of philosophy from the reader. For those who would like to pursue the (...)
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  18. Alexander Bird (2007). Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties. Oxford University Press.
    Professional philosophers and advanced students working in metaphysics and the philosophy of science will find this book both provocative and stimulating.
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  19. Einar Duenger Bohn (2014). From Hume's Dictum Via Submergence to Composition as Identity or Mereological Nihilism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (1).
    I show that a particular version of Hume's Dictum together with the falsity of Composition as Identity entails an incoherency, so either that version of Hume's Dictum is false or Composition as Identity is true. I conditionally defend the particular version of Hume's Dictum in play, and hence conditionally conclude that Composition as Identity is true. I end by suggesting an alternative way out for a persistent foe of Composition as Identity, namely mereological nihilism.
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  20. Borden Parker Bowne (1898/1979). Metaphysics. Ams Press.
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  21. Franz Brentano (1933/1981). The Theory of Categories. Martinus Nijhoff.
  22. Franz Brentano (1933). Kategorienlehre. Meiner.
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  23. Hans Burkhardt & Barry Smith (eds.) (1991). Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. Philosophia Verlag.
  24. Brian Carr (1987). Metaphysics: An Introduction. Humanities Press International.
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  25. Claro R. Ceniza (2001). Thought, Necessity, and Existence: Metaphysics, and Epistemology for Lay Philosophers: Written in the Spirit of Parmenides of Elea. De La Salle University Press.
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  26. Anjan Chakravartty (2007). A Metaphysics for Scientific Realism: Knowing the Unobservable. Cambridge University Press.
    Scientific realism is the view that our best scientific theories give approximately true descriptions of both observable and unobservable aspects of a mind-independent world. Debates between realists and their critics are at the very heart of the philosophy of science. Anjan Chakravartty traces the contemporary evolution of realism by examining the most promising recent strategies adopted by its proponents in response to the forceful challenges of antirealist sceptics, resulting in a positive proposal for scientific realism today. He examines the core (...)
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  27. David John Chalmers, David Manley & Ryan Wasserman (eds.) (2009). Metametaphysics: New Essays on the Foundations of Ontology. Oxford University Press.
    This volume concerns the status and ambitions of metaphysics as a discipline.
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  28. Narayan Kumar Chattopadhyay (1999). Metaphysics Truth and Materialism. Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar.
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  29. Wim Christiaens (2001). This Universe Is the ‘Best’ of All Possible Worlds. A Tentative Reconstruction of the Metaphysical System of Leo Apostel. Philosophica 67 (1):115-146.
    After presenting Apostel’s views on scientific realism, I present definitions of the concepts of ontology and metaphysics. I then proceed to develop Apostel’s basic ontology and his metaphysics. Apostel proposed a particular understanding of existence based on his views on causation. He also developed a view of the universe as a causal self-explaining system. I discuss and illustrate three kinds of what he calls “metaphysical deductions” that aim to deliver such a view of the universe. The most important one is (...)
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  30. W. Norris Clarke & Gerald A. McCool (eds.) (1988). The Universe as Journey: Conversations with W. Norris Clarke, S.J. Fordham University Press.
    W. Norris Clarke's metaphysics of the universe as a journey rests on six major positions: the unrestricted dynamism of the mind, the primacy of the act of existence, the participation structure of reality, and the person, considered as both the starting point of philosophy and the source of the categories needed for a flexible contemporary metaphysics. Reflecting on his conscious life and the universe around him, the finite person mounts by a two-fold path to its Infinite source, who, though immutable (...)
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  31. Earl Brink Conee (2005/2007). Riddles of Existence: A Guided Tour of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
    Personal identity -- Fatalism -- Time -- God -- Why not nothing? -- Free will and determinism -- Constitution -- Universals -- Possibility and necessity -- What is metaphysics?
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  32. David E. Cooper & Timothy L. S. Sprigge (eds.) (2000). Metaphysics: The Classic Readings. Blackwell Publishers.
    This volume is an essential collection of the most influential attempts to depict the fundamental nature of reality or being-from Spinoza’s doctrine of a ...
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  33. Raul Corazzon, Roman Ingarden: Ontology as a Science on the Possible Ways of Existence.
    "Ingarden held that philosophy divides into ontology and metaphysics. Ontology is an autonomous discipline in which we discover and establish the necessary connections between pure ideal qualities by intuitive analysis of the contents of ideas. This is an indispensable preparation for metaphysics, which aims to elucidate the necessary truths of factual existence. Each section of philosophy - theory of knowledge, philosophy of man, philosophy of nature and so on - has ontological and metaphysical aspects. Ingarden argues that every being is (...)
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  34. Phil Corkum (2014). Review of Daniel D. Novotný and Lukáš Novák (Eds.), Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives in Metaphysics. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 201408:1.
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  35. Tim Crane & Katalin Farkas (eds.) (2004). Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
    A complete and self-contained introduction to metaphysics, this anthology provides an extensive and varied collection of fifty-four of the best classical and contemporary readings on the subject. The readings are organized into ten sections: God, idealism and realism, being, universals and particulars, necessity and contingency, causation, space and time, identity, mind and body, and freewill and determinism. It features a substantial general introduction and detailed section introductions that set the selections in context and guide readers through them. Discussion questions and (...)
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  36. Lambertus Marie de Rijk (1989). Through Language to Reality: Studies in Medieval Semantics and Metaphysics. Variorium Reprints.
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  37. Herbert De Vriese (ed.) (2003). 1830-1848, the End of Metaphysics as a Transformation of Culture. Peeters.
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  38. Eliot Deutsch (1970). Humanity and Divinity. Honolulu,University of Hawaii Press.
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  39. Louis K. Dupré (1994). Metaphysics and Culture. Marquette University Press.
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  40. Heather Dyke (ed.) (2008). Metaphysics and the Representational Fallacy. Routledge.
    In this refreshingly original and accessible investigation into the nature of metaphysics, Heather Dyke argues that for too long philosophy has suffered from a language fixation. Where this language fixation leads philosophers to reason badly, she calls it the ‘‘representational fallacy’’. She illustrates the various ways it can lead philosophers astray and argues that metaphysics can be better done without it. She discusses the philosophy of time as an illustration of how a metaphysical debate about the nature of time was (...)
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  41. Heather Dyke (2007). Words, Pictures and Ontology: A Commentary on John Heil's From an Ontological Point of View. SWIF Philosophy of Mind Review 6:31-41.
    The title of John Heil’s book From an Ontological Point of View is, of course, an adaptation of the title of Quine’s influential collection of essays From a Logical Point of View, published fifty years earlier in 1953. Quine’s book marked the beginning of a sea change in philosophy, away from ordinary language, armchair philosophising involving introspective examination of concepts, towards a more rigorous, analytical and scientific approach to answering philosophical questions. Heil’s book will, I think, mark the beginning of (...)
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  42. Heather Dyke (2003). Review of the Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics Ed. R. M. Gale. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81:620-621.
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  43. Terence Rajivan Edward (2012). Descriptive Metaphysics, Revisionary Metaphysics, Anti-Metaphysics. Ethos 5 (2):36-43.
    This paper observes that P. F. Strawson’s distinction between descriptive and revisionary metaphysics is a baffling one from the perspective of traditional metaphysics. If one thinks of metaphysics as the study of the fundamental nature of reality, it is bewildering to divide up metaphysics in this way. The paper then tries to show how the distinction is no longer bewildering if we deny that such study is possible.
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  44. Pierre-Marie Emonet (1999). The Dearest Freshness Deep Down Things: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Being. Crossroad Pub..
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  45. Charles Fillmore (1994). The Revealing Word: A Dictionary of Metaphysical Terms. Unity Books.
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  46. Gail Fine (1999). Introduction. In , Plato 1: metaphysics and epistemology. Oxford University Press.
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  47. John Martin Fischer (2009). Our Stories: Essays on Life, Death, and Free Will. Oxford University Press.
    Introduction: "meaning in life and death : our stories" -- John Martin Fischer and Anthony B rueckner, "Why is death bad?", Philosophical studies, vol. 50, no. 2 (September 1986) -- "Death, badness, and the impossibility of experience," Journal of ethics -- John Martin Fischer and Daniel Speak, "Death and the psychological conception of personal identity," Midwest studies in philosophy, vol. 24 -- "Earlier birth and later death : symmetry through thick and thin," Richard Feldman, Kris McDaniel, Jason R. Raibley, eds., (...)
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  48. Peter A. French, Theodore Edward Uehling & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.) (1979). Studies in Metaphysics. University of Minnesota Press.
    Rich with historical and cultural value, these works are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions.
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  49. Richard M. Gale (ed.) (2002). The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics. Blackwell Publishers.
    " The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics" is a definitive introduction to the core areas of metaphysics.
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  50. Brian Garrett (2006). What is This Thing Called Metaphysics? Routledge.
    Why is there something rather than nothing? Does god exist? Who am I? Metaphysics is concerned with ourselves and reality, and the most fundamental questions regarding existence. This clear and accessible introduction covers the central topics in Metaphysics in a concise but comprehensive way. Brian Garrett discusses the crucial concepts in a highly readable manner, easing the reader in with a look at paradoxes that aptly illustrate some important philosophical problems. He then goes on to address key areas of metaphysics: (...)
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