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Metaphysics

Edited by Jonathan Schaffer (Rutgers University - New Brunswick)
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  1. added 2016-02-05
    Christopher Buckels (forthcoming). Making Room for Particulars: Plato's Receptacle as Space Not Substratum. Apeiron.
    The ‘traditional’ interpretation of the Receptacle in Plato’s Timaeus maintains that its parts act as substrata to ordinary particulars such as dogs and tables: particulars are form-matter compounds to which Forms supply properties and the Receptacle supplies a substratum, as well as a space in which these compounds come to be. I argue, against this view, that parts of the Receptacle cannot act as substrata for those particulars. I also argue, making use of contemporary discussions of supersubstantivalism, against a substratum (...)
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  2. added 2016-02-05
    Jeremy Wyatt (forthcoming). The Many (yet Few) Faces of Deflationism. Philosophical Quarterly:pqv085.
    It's often said that according to deflationary theories of truth, truth is not a ‘substantial’ property. While this is a fine slogan, it is far from transparent what deflationists mean (or ought to mean) in saying that truth is ‘insubstantial’. Focusing so intently upon the concept of truth and the word ‘true’, I argue, deflationists and their critics have been insufficiently attentive to a host of metaphysical complexities that arise for deflationists in connection with the property of truth. My aim (...)
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  3. added 2016-02-05
    Irena Cronin (2015). On Aristotelian Universals and Individuals: The "Vink" That Is In Body and May Be In Me. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 15 (45).
    G. E. L. Owen, in his influential article “Inherence,” talks of “vink,” a name he has created for a particular shade of the color pink, and this “vink” serves as an individual in the Aristotelian category of quality. Owen was one of the first to aim to discredit the belief that J. L. Ackrill and his camp espoused, the belief that Aristotle thought that ”general attributes are not in individuals, particular attributes are not in more than one individual.” I postulate (...)
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  4. added 2016-02-04
    Thomas Kroedel (forthcoming). Modal Knowledge, Evolution, and Counterfactuals. In Robert William Fischer & Felipe Leon (eds.), Modal Epistemology After Rationalism. Dordrecht
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  5. added 2016-02-04
    Yitzhak Y. Melamed (forthcoming). Eternity: A History. Oxford University Press.
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  6. added 2016-02-03
    Pendaran Roberts (forthcoming). An Ecumenical Response to Color Contrast Cases. Synthese:1-18.
    Intrapersonal variation due to color contrast effects has been used to argue against the following intuitive propositions about the colors: No object can be more than one determinable or determinate color of the same grade all over at the same time (Incompatibility); external objects are actually colored (Realism); and the colors of objects are mind-independent (Objectivism). In this article, I provide a defense of Incompatibility, Realism, and Objectivism from intrapersonal variation arguments that rely on color contrast effects. I provide a (...)
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  7. added 2016-02-03
    Jessica Wilson (forthcoming). Are There Indeterminate States of Affairs? Yes. In Elizabeth Barnes (ed.), Current Controversies in Metaphysics. Taylor and Francis
    Here I compare two accounts of metaphysical indeterminacy (MI): first, the 'meta-level' approach described by Elizabeth Barnes and Ross Cameron in the companion to this paper, on which every state of affairs (SOA) is itself precise/determinate, and MI is a matter of its being indeterminate which determinate SOA obtains; second, my preferred 'object-level' determinable-based approach, on which MI is a matter of its being determinate---or just plain true---that an indeterminate SOA obtains, where an indeterminate SOA is one whose constitutive object (...)
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  8. added 2016-02-02
    Christian Loew (forthcoming). Causation, Physics, and Fit. Synthese:1-21.
    Our ordinary causal concept seems to fit poorly with how our best physics describes the world. We think of causation as a time-asymmetric dependence relation between relatively local events. Yet fundamental physics describes the world in terms of dynamical laws that are, possible small exceptions aside, time symmetric and that relate global time slices. My goal in this paper is to show why we are successful at using local, time-asymmetric models in causal explanations despite this apparent mismatch with fundamental physics. (...)
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  9. added 2016-02-02
    Pierre-Yves Rochefort (2015). Randall E. Auxier, Douglas R. Anderson et Lewis Edwin Hahn, The Philosophy of Hilary Putnam, Chicago Ill, Open Court, 2015, 948 p. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 42 (2):440-444.
  10. added 2016-02-02
    Eric Geoffroy, La paradoja de la naturaleza humana, según Rumi. Http://Laescalera-Sophia.Com.Ar/.
    Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī was an universal and perennial wise. Here, in this short but full of meanings article, Eric Geoffroy, french scholar expert in islamic thought, talks about Rumi's conception on human nature. Translated to spanish and introduced by Máximo Lameiro.
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  11. added 2016-02-01
    Philip Goff (forthcoming). Fundamentality and the Mind-Body Problem. Erkenntnis:1-18.
    In the recent metaphysics literature, a number of philosophers have independently endeavoured to marry sparse ontology to abundant truth. The aim is to keep ontological commitments minimal, whilst allowing true sentences to quantify over a vastly greater range of entities than those which they are ontologically committed to. For example, an ontological commitment only to concrete, microscopic simples might be conjoined with a commitment to truths such as ‘There are twenty people working in this building’ and ‘There are prime numbers (...)
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  12. added 2016-02-01
    David-Hillel lRuben (2015). Beyond Supervenience and Construction. Journal of Social Ontology 1 (1):121-141.
    If reduction of the social to the physical fail, what options remain for understanding their relationship? Two such options are supervenience and constructivism. Both are vitiated by a similar fault. So the choices are limited: reduction after all, or emergence.
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  13. added 2016-01-31
    Toni Kannisto (forthcoming). Kant on the Necessity of Causal Relations. Kant-Studien.
    There are two traditional ways to read Kant's claim that every event necessarily has a cause: the weaker every-event some-cause (WCP) and the stronger same-cause same-effect (SCP) causal principles. The focus of the debate about whether and where he subscribes to the SCP has been in the Analogies in the Critique of Pure Reason (Guyer, Allison, and Watkins) and in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (Friedman). By analysing the arguments and conclusions of both the Analogies and the Postulates as (...)
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  14. added 2016-01-31
    Esteban J. Beltrán Ulate (2016). Spinoza and Time (1921), 1 y 2, de Samuel Alexander, Traducción de Esteban J. Beltrán Ulate. Revista de filosofía (Chile) (141):89-95.
    Resumen: Se presenta la traducción de los capítulos 1 y 2 del libro Spinoza and Time del filósofo judío Samuel Alexander, el que deriva de la Cuarta Conferencia en Memoria de Arthur Davis, dictada ante la Jewish Historical Society de Inglaterra, el domingo 1 de mayo, 1921/23 de Nisan, 5681. La traducción responde a la necesidad de contar con un acercamiento en castellano al corpus alexandriano, ya que no existe al día de hoy una traducción total de sus libros. (...)
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  15. added 2016-01-31
    Esteban J. Beltrán Ulate (2016). Spinoza and Time (1921), 1 y 2, de Samuel Alexander, Traducción de Esteban J. Beltrán Ulate. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica (141):89-95.
    Se presenta la traducción de los capítulos 1 y 2 del libro Spinoza and Time del filósofo judío Samuel Alexander, el que deriva de la Cuarta Conferencia en Memoria de Arthur Davis, dictada ante la Jewish Historical Society de Inglaterra, el domingo 1 de mayo, 1921/23 de Nisan, 5681. La traducción responde a la necesidad de contar con un acercamiento en castellano al corpus alexandriano, ya que no existe al día de hoy una traducción total de sus libros. A su (...)
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  16. added 2016-01-30
    D. H. Mellor (2016). From Translations to Truthmakers. In Francesco Federico Calemi (ed.), Metaphysics and Scientific Realism: Essays in Honour of David Malet Armstrong. De Gruyter 219-232.
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  17. added 2016-01-29
    William A. Bauer (forthcoming). Physical Intentionality, Extrinsicness, and the Direction of Causation. Acta Analytica:1-21.
    The Physical Intentionality Thesis claims that dispositions share the marks of psychological intentionality; therefore, intentionality is not exclusively a mental phenomenon. Beyond the standard five marks, Alexander Bird introduces two additional marks of intentionality that he argues dispositions do not satisfy: first, thoughts are extrinsic; second, the direction of causation is that objects cause thoughts, not vice versa. In response, this paper identifies two relevant conceptions of extrinsicness, arguing that dispositions show deep parallels to thoughts on both conceptions. Then, it (...)
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  18. added 2016-01-29
    Tamer Nawar (2014). Powers and Capacities in Philosophy: The New Aristotelianism. By Ruth Groff and John Greco. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 64:670-672.
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  19. added 2016-01-29
    Javanbakht Taraneh (2011). Netism: Metaphysics. Journal of New Philosophy 1:34-40.
    This is Dr. Taraneh Javanbakht's paper on metaphysics entitled Netism, which was published in Journal of New Philosophy by the Tabatabai University in Iran in 2011.
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  20. added 2016-01-29
    Taraneh Javanbakht (2011). Netism: A new metaphysics and its impacts. Journal of New Philosophy 1:34-40.
    This is Dr. Taraneh Javanbakht's paper on metaphysics entitled Netism, which was published in Journal of New Philosophy by the Tabatabai University in Iran in 2011.
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  21. added 2016-01-29
    Javanbakht Taraneh (2011). Netism: Metaphysics. Journal of New Philosophy 1:34-40.
    This is Dr. Taraneh Javanbakht's paper on metaphysics entitled Netism, which was published in Journal of New Philosophy by the Tabatabai University in Iran in 2011.
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  22. added 2016-01-28
    Daihyun Chung, Can Reference Be Naturalized? -Notes Toward an Integrational Causality.
    As physicalisms of various kinds have faced difficulties in recent years, the time has come to explore possible alternatives, one of which is yinyang ontology. A yinyang theorist is expected to provide a plausible account of causation to replace the traditional notion of causation. The present paper is critical of the Humean tradition, which understands the relata of causal relations in terms of passive materiality so that humans use referential terms to describe causal relations constructively. But an alternative notion of (...)
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  23. added 2016-01-28
    Dave S. Henley, The Propositional Content of Data.
    Our online interaction with information-systems may well provide the largest arena of formal logical reasoning in the world today. Presented here is a critique of the foundations of Logic, in which the metaphysical assumptions of such 'closed world' reasoning are contrasted with those of traditional logic. Closed worlds mostly employ a syntactic alternative to formal language namely, recording data in files. Whilst this may be unfamiliar as logical syntax, it is argued here that propositions are expressed by data stored in (...)
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  24. added 2016-01-28
    Daihyun Chung, Integrationality: A Metaphysical Basis for the Concept of Causation.
    Philosophers of dispositionalism deny the Humean account of causality in terms of constant conjunction, contiguity, temporal priority and contingency. And some of them go further to explain the causal relation not between events or objects, but between properties, in terms of reciprocity, simultaneity, ubiquity, intentionality and holism. But their exposition seems to remain fragmented even though they try to make use of the notions of intentionality and holim. I would inquire reasons why it is piecemeal, by analysing that they employ (...)
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  25. added 2016-01-28
    Bryan Frances (forthcoming). Ontology, Composition, Quantification, and Action. Analysis.
    The literature on material composition has largely ignored the composition of actions and events. I argue that this is a mistake. I present a set of individually plausible yet jointly inconsistent claims regarding the connection between quantification and existence, the composition of physical entities, and the logical forms of action sentences.
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  26. added 2016-01-28
    Willem A. DeVries (2016). Just What is the Relation Between the Manifest and the Scientific Images? International Journal of Philosophical Studies 24 (1):112-128.
    Robert B. Brandom’s From Empiricism to Expressivism ranges widely over fundamental issues in metaphysics, with occasional forays into epistemology as well. The centerpiece is what Brandom calls ‘the Kant-Sellars thesis about modality’. This is ‘[t]he claim that in being able to use ordinary empirical descriptive vocabulary, one already knows how to do everything that one needs to know how to do, in principle, to use alethic modal vocabulary – in particular subjunctive conditionals’. Despite claiming descent from Sellars, Brandom defends here (...)
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  27. added 2016-01-28
    Maria Alvarez (2015). Ryle on Motives and Dispositions. In D. Dolby (ed.), Ryle on Mind and Language. Palgrave 74-96.
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  28. added 2016-01-27
    Joongol Kim (forthcoming). What Are Quantities? Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-16.
    ABSTRACTThis paper presents a view of quantities as ‘adverbial’ entities of a certain kind—more specifically, determinate ways, or modes, of having length, mass, speed, and the like. In doing so, it will be argued that quantities as such should be distinguished from quantitative properties or relations, and are not universals but are particulars, although they are not objects, either. A main advantage of the adverbial view over its rivals will be found in its superior explanatory power with respect to both (...)
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  29. added 2016-01-27
    Dirk Kindermann (2015). Wahrheitsrelativismus. In Nikola Kompa (ed.), Handbuch Sprachphilosophie. Metzler 106-13.
    The paper gives a short introduction to and overview of truth relativism in recent philosophy of language.
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  30. added 2016-01-26
    Ross P. Cameron (forthcoming). Do We Need Grounding? Inquiry:1-13.
    Many have been tempted to invoke a primitive notion of grounding to describe the way in which some features of reality give rise to others. Jessica Wilson argues that such a notion is unnecessary to describe the structure of the world: that we can make do with specific dependence relations such as the part–whole relation or the determinate–determinable relation, together with a notion of absolute fundamentality. In this paper I argue that such resources are inadequate to describe the particular ways (...)
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  31. added 2016-01-26
    Juan Jose Sanguineti (2016). El mundo como objeto de acción y teoría. Studia Poliana 18 (27-50).
    Being-in-the-world defines in Heidegger an ontological and practical existential situation that in a first approach characterizes intellectual knowledge, an approach related to the Husserlian notion of intentionality. In his Curso de teoría del co- nocimiento, Polo rectifies this characterization, stressing the primacy of theory regarding action, and interpreting the practical (technical) relation- ship with the world as a lower level of “having”. Ma- king some comparisons between Husserl, Scheler and Jonas, in connection with Polo’s thought, the article presents different accounts (...)
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  32. added 2016-01-26
    Michele Paolini Paoletti (2016). Non-Symmetrical Relations, O-Roles, and Modes. Acta Analytica:1-23.
    I examine and discuss in this paper Orilia’s theory of external, non-symmetrical relations, that is based on ontological roles (O-Roles). I explore several attempts to interpret O-Roles from an ontological viewpoint and I reject them because of two problems concerning the status of asymmetrical relations (to be distinguished from non-symmetrical relations simpliciter) and of exemplification as an external, non-symmetrical relation. Finally, following Heil’s and Lowe’s characterization of modes as particular properties that ontologically depend on their “bearers”, I (...)
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  33. added 2016-01-26
    Isidora Stojanovic (2015). Speaking About Oneself. In Stephan Torre & Manuel Garcia-Carpintero (eds.), About Oneself: De Se Thought and Communication. Oxford University Press 200-219.
    It has long been known (cf. Frege 1918, Castañeda 1968, Anscombe 1975 , Perry 1977, 1979, Lewis 1981) that de se attitudes, that is beliefs, desires, hopes etc. that one has about oneself as oneself,1 are interestingly different fromthe attitudes that one holds in a third-personal mode about some individual, who might or might not turn out to be them. Frege suggested that Dr. Lauben’s belief that he has been wounded is a belief that only Dr. Lauben himself can entertain. (...)
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  34. added 2016-01-26
    William Jaworski (2013). Hylomorphism and Resurrection. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5:197-224.
    Hylomorphism provides an attractive framework for addressing issues in philosophical anthropology. After describing a hylomorphic theory that dovetails with current work in philosophy of mind and in scientific disciplines such as biology and neuroscience, I discuss how this theory meshes with Christian eschatology, the doctrine of resurrection in particular.
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  35. added 2016-01-26
    William Jaworski (2012). Powers, Structures, and Minds. In Ruth Groff & John Greco (eds.), Powers and Capacities in Philosophy: The New Aristotelianism. Routledge 145-171.
    Powers often depend on structures. It is because of the eye’s structure that it confers the power of sight; destroy that structure, and you destroy the power. I sketch an antireductive yet broadly naturalistic account of the relation between powers and structures. Powers, it says, are embodied in structures. When applied to philosophy of mind, this view resembles classic emergentist theories. I nevertheless argue that it differs from them in crucial respects that insulate it from the problems that beset them (...)
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  36. added 2016-01-26
    George Bealer & Uwe Monnich (2003). Property Theories. In Dov Gabbay & Frans Guenthner (eds.), Handbook of Philosophical Logic, Volume 10. Kluwer 143-248.
    Revised and reprinted; originally in Dov Gabbay & Franz Guenthner (eds.), Handbook of Philosophical Logic, Volume IV. Kluwer 133-251. -- Two sorts of property theory are distinguished, those dealing with intensional contexts property abstracts (infinitive and gerundive phrases) and proposition abstracts (‘that’-clauses) and those dealing with predication (or instantiation) relations. The first is deemed to be epistemologically more primary, for “the argument from intensional logic” is perhaps the best argument for the existence of properties. This argument is presented in the (...)
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  37. added 2016-01-26
    George Bealer (1995). Property. In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press 657-658.
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  38. added 2016-01-25
    Christopher M. P. Tomaszewski (forthcoming). The Principle of Sufficient Reason Defended: There Is No Conjunction of All Contingently True Propositions. Philosophia:1-8.
    Toward the end of his classic treatise An Essay on Free Will, Peter van Inwagen offers a modal argument against the Principle of Sufficient Reason which he argues shows that the principle “collapses all modal distinctions.” In this paper, a critical flaw in this argument is shown to lie in van Inwagen’s beginning assumption that there is such a thing as the conjunction of all contingently true propositions. This is shown to follow from Cantor’s theorem and a property of (...)
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  39. added 2016-01-25
    Chad Engelland (forthcoming). How Must We Be for the Resurrection to Be Good News? Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 89.
    While the promise of the resurrection appears wonderful, it is also perplexing: How can the person raised be one and the same person as the one that dies? And if the raised person is not the same, why should any of us mortals regard the promise of the resurrection as good news? In this paper, I articulate the part-whole structure of human nature that supports belief in the sameness of the resurrected person’s identity and the desirability of the resurrection: (1) (...)
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  40. added 2016-01-25
    Dani Adams (forthcoming). God and Dispositional Essentialism: An Account of the Laws of Nature. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    It is common to appeal to governing laws of nature in order to explain the existence of natural regularities. Classical theism, however, maintains the sovereignty thesis: everything distinct from God is created by him and is under his guidance and control. It follows from this that God must somehow be responsible for natural laws and regularities. Therefore, theists need an account of the relation between regularities, laws, and God. I examine competing accounts of laws of nature and conclude that dispositional (...)
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  41. added 2016-01-25
    Catherine Kendig (2016). Activities of Kinding in Scientific Practice. In C. Kendig (ed.), Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice. Routledge
    Discussions over whether these natural kinds exist, what is the nature of their existence, and whether natural kinds are themselves natural kinds aim to not only characterize the kinds of things that exist in the world, but also what can knowledge of these categories provide. Although philosophically critical, much of the past discussions of natural kinds have often answered these questions in a way that is unresponsive to, or has actively avoided, discussions of the empirical use of natural kinds and (...)
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  42. added 2016-01-25
    Joshua Anderson (2014). Counterfactuals and Their Truthmakers. Polish Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):7-24.
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  43. added 2016-01-25
    Donato Bergandi (2007). Niveaux d'Organisations : Évolution, Écologie Et Transaction. In Thierry Martin (ed.), Le tout et les parties dans les systèmes naturels. Vuibert 47-55.
  44. added 2016-01-25
    Donato Bergandi (1993). « Fundamentals of Ecology » de E.P. Odum : Véritable « Approche Holistique » Ou Réductionnisme Masqué ? Bulletin d'Écologie, 24 24 (1):57-68.
  45. added 2016-01-24
    Vincenzo Politi (2015). Natural Kinds, Causes and Domains: Khalidi on How Science Classifies Things. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 54:132-137.
    Natural Categories and Human Kinds is a recent and timely contribution to current debate on natural kinds. Because of the growing sophistication of this debate, it is necessary to make careful distinctions in order to appreciate the originality of Khalidi’s position. Khalidi’s view on natural kinds is naturalistic: if we want to know what Nature’s joints really are, we should look at the actual carving job carried out by our best scientific practices. Like LaPorte, Khalidi is a fallibilist: our best (...)
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  46. added 2016-01-21
    Richard Oxenberg, Einstein's Quandary, Socrates' Irony, and Jesus' Laughter: A 'Post-Modern' Meditation on Faith, Reason, Love, and the Paradox of the One and the Many.
    The paradox of 'the One and the Many' might, more generally, be understood as the paradox of relationship. In order for there to be relationship there must be at least two parties in relation. The relation must, at once, hold the parties apart (otherwise they would collapse into unity) while holding them together (otherwise relationship itself would cease). It must do so, further, without itself becoming a third party which would then, itself, need to be related. This paper considers this (...)
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  47. added 2016-01-21
    Alexander Skiles (forthcoming). In Defense of the Disjunctive. Inquiry:1-13.
    Are there any disjunctive properties—features of things such as being either red or round, or Nelson Goodman’s infamous example of being grue? As esoteric as the question may seem at first, central issues about the metaphysics of properties hinge upon its answer, such as whether reductive views about special science properties can handle the phenomenon of multiple realizability. A familiar argument for a negative answer is that disjunctive properties fail to guarantee that their instances are similar in some genuine respect. (...)
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  48. added 2016-01-21
    Alyssa Ney (forthcoming). Grounding in the Philosophy of Mind: A Defense. In Ken Aizawa Carl Gillett (ed.), Scientific Composition and Metaphysical Ground. Palgrave Macmillan
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  49. added 2016-01-21
    F. D. Worrell & A. E. Denham (2015). Fragments of the Self: Identity, Agency and Integration. In D. Moseley & G. Gala (eds.), Philosophy & Psychiatry. Routledge
  50. added 2016-01-21
    Alexander Pruss (2013). Aristotelian Forms and Laws of Nature. Analiza I Egzystencja 24:115-132.
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