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Metaphysics

Edited by Jonathan Schaffer (Rutgers University)
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  1. added 2015-04-27
    George Couvalis (forthcoming). Aristotle on Being. Modern Greek Studies (Australia and New Zealand).
    Aristotle explains existence through postulating essences that are intrinsic and percep- tion independent. I argue that his theory is more plausible than Hume’s and Russell’s theories of existence. Russell modifies Hume’s theory because he wants to allow for the existence of mathematical objects. However, Russell’s theory facilitates a problematic collapse of ontology into epistemology, which has become a feature of much analytic philosophy. This collapse obscures the nature of truth. Aristotle is to be praised for starting with a clear account (...)
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  2. added 2015-04-26
    Dale Jacquette (2014). Against Logically Possible World-Relativized Existence. Metaphysica 15 (1).
    The thesis that entities exist in, at, or in relation to logically possible worlds is criticized. The suggestion that actually nonexistent fictional characters might nevertheless exist in nonactual merely logically possible worlds runs afoul of the most general transworld identity requirements. An influential philosophical argument for the concept of world-relativized existence is examined in Alvin Plantinga’s formal development and explanation of modal semantic relations. Despite proposing an attractive unified semantics of alethic modality, Plantinga’s argument is rejected on formal grounds as (...)
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  3. added 2015-04-26
    Donata Romizi (2006). Laws and Models in Science. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 65 (3):427-432.
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  4. added 2015-04-25
    Jessica Wilson M. (forthcoming). Essence and Dependence. In Mircea Dumitru (ed.), Metaphysics, Meaning and Modality: Themes from Kit Fine. Oxford.
    I first discuss Kit Fine's distinctive 'schema-based' approach to metaphysical theorizing, which aims to identify general principles accommodating any intelligible application of the notion(s), by attention to his accounts of essence and dependence. I then raise some specific concerns about the general principles Fine takes to schematically characterize these notions. In particular, I present various counterexamples to Fine's essence-based account of ontological dependence. The problem, roughly speaking, is that Fine supposes that an object's essence makes reference to just what it (...)
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  5. added 2015-04-25
    Verity Harte (forthcoming). Plato. In Hans Burkhardt, Johanna Seibt & Guido Imaguire (eds.), Handbook of Mereology. Philosophia Verlag.
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  6. added 2015-04-25
    Helen Steward (2014). Causing Things and Doing Things. In C. G. Pulman (ed.), Hart on Responsibility.
  7. added 2015-04-24
    L. Nathan Oaklander (2001). The Importance of Time (Philosophical Studies Series). In , Proceedings of the Philosophy of Time Society, 1995-2000. Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
    The Importance of Time is a unique work that reveals the central role of the philosophy of time in major areas of philosophy. The first part of the book consists of symposia on two of the most important works in the philosophy of time over the past decade: Michael Tooley's Time, Tense, and Causation and D.H. Mellor's Real Time II. What characterizes these essays, and those that follow, are the interchanges between original papers, with original responses to them by commentators. (...)
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  8. added 2015-04-24
    Eros Corazza (1989). Actualisme et possibilisme: l'évaluation dans les mondes possibles. Logique Et Analyse 32 (25):81.
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  9. added 2015-04-23
    Amy Kind (ed.) (forthcoming). The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination. Routledge.
  10. added 2015-04-22
    Travis Dumsday (2010). Defending an Essentialist Ontology of Kinds, Laws, and Biological Taxa. Dissertation, Proquest
  11. added 2015-04-22
    Eugene Kelly (1994). Essences. Aletheia 6.
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  12. added 2015-04-22
    Robert Hollinger (1976). A Defense of Essentialism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (4):327.
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  13. added 2015-04-22
    M. Corrado (1974). Plantinga on necessity De Re. Logique Et Analyse 17 (67):445.
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  14. added 2015-04-21
    Craig Bourne (2007). Numerical Quantification and Temporal Intervals: A Span-Er in the Works. Logique Et Analyse 50.
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  15. added 2015-04-21
    Andrew Botterell (2004). Temporal Parts And Temporary Intrinsics. Metaphysica 5 (2):5-23.
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  16. added 2015-04-21
    Simon Bostock (2004). Internal Properties And Property Realism. Metaphysica 5 (2):73-83.
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  17. added 2015-04-21
    E. Bencivenga (1983). Dropping a few worlds. Logique Et Analyse 26 (2):241.
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  18. added 2015-04-21
    Gustav Bergmann (1978). Esbozo de un inventario ontológico. Teorema 8 (2):93.
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  19. added 2015-04-20
    Jonathan Tallant & David Ingram (forthcoming). Nefarious Presentism. Philosophical Quarterly.
    Presentists, who believe that only present objects exist, face a problem concerning truths about the past. Presentists should (but cannot) locate truth-makers for truths about the past. What can presentists say in response? We identify two rival factions ‘upstanding’ and ‘nefarious’ presentists. Upstanding presentists aim to meet the challenge, positing presently existing truth-makers for truths about the past; nefarious presentists aim to shirk their responsibilities, using the language of truth-maker theory but without paying any ontological price. We argue that presentists (...)
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  20. added 2015-04-18
    Max Cresswell (2005). 1. Even Modal Realists Should Do The Best They Can. Logique Et Analyse 48.
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  21. added 2015-04-18
    W. S. Croddy (1985). Quine and de dicto modal substitution. Logique Et Analyse 28 (12):395.
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  22. added 2015-04-18
    M. J. Cresswell (1973). Physical theories and possible worlds. Logique Et Analyse 16 (63):495.
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  23. added 2015-04-17
    Umut Baysan (forthcoming). Realization Relations in Metaphysics. Minds and Machines.
    “Realization” is a technical term that is used by metaphysicians, philosophers of mind, and philosophers of science to denote some dependence relation that is thought to obtain between higher-level properties and lower-level properties. It is said that mental properties are realized by physical properties; functional and computational properties are realized by first-order properties that occupy certain causal/functional roles; dispositional properties are realized by categorical properties; so on and so forth. Given this wide usage of the term “realization”, it would be (...)
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  24. added 2015-04-17
    Patrick Todd & John Martin Fischer (2015). Introduction. In John Martin Fischer & Patrick Todd (eds.), Freedom, Fatalism, and Foreknowledge. Oxford University Press. 01-38.
    This Introduction has three sections, on "logical fatalism," "theological fatalism," and the problem of future contingents, respectively. In the first two sections, we focus on the crucial idea of "dependence" and the role it plays it fatalistic arguments. Arguably, the primary response to the problems of logical and theological fatalism invokes the claim that the relevant past truths or divine beliefs depend on what we do, and therefore needn't be held fixed when evaluating what we can do. We call the (...)
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  25. added 2015-04-17
    John Martin Fischer & Patrick Todd (eds.) (2015). Freedom, Fatalism, and Foreknowledge. Oxford University Press.
    We typically think we have free will. But how could we have free will, if for anything we do, it was already true in the distant past that we would do that thing? Or how could we have free will, if God already knows in advance all the details of our lives? Such issues raise the specter of "fatalism". This book collects sixteen previously published articles on fatalism, truths about the future, and the relationship between divine foreknowledge and human freedom, (...)
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  26. added 2015-04-17
    Guy Rohrbaugh (2012). Must Ontological Pragmatism Be Self-Defeating? In Christy Mag Uidhir (ed.), Art and Abstract Objects. Oxford University Press. 29-48.
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  27. added 2015-04-17
    Nino Cocchiarella (1977). Sortals, natural kinds and re-identification. Logique Et Analyse 20 (80):439.
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  28. added 2015-04-16
    Laura Felline (forthcoming). Mechanistic Causality and the Bottoming-Out Problem. In New Developments in Logic and Philosophy of Science.
    The so-called bottoming-out problem is considered one of the most serious problems in Stuart Glennan's mechanistic theory of causality. It is usually argued that such a problem cannot be overcome with the acknowledgement of the non-causal character of fundamental phenomena. According to such a widespread view, in the mechanistic account causation must go all the way down to the bottom level; a solution to the bottoming-out problem, therefore, requires an appeal to an ancillary account of causation that covers fundamental phenomena. (...)
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  29. added 2015-04-15
    H. Orri Stefánsson & Richard Bradley (forthcoming). How Valuable Are Chances? Philosophy of Science.
  30. added 2015-04-14
    Andrew Naylor (forthcoming). Psychological Deprogramming-Reprogramming and the Right Kind of Cause. Philosophical Papers.
    This article makes use of an example of Williams’s (1970), an example involving so-called psychological deprogramming–reprogramming, in arguing that procedures such as Teletransportation would not provide what matters to us in our self-interested concern for the future. This is so because the beliefs and other psychological states of a resultant person would not be appropriately causally dependent on any beliefs or other psychological states of the original person.
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  31. added 2015-04-14
    Elanor Taylor (forthcoming). Collapsing Emergence. Philosophical Quarterly.
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  32. added 2015-04-14
    Liran Shia Gordon (2015). Reconstructing Aquinas's Process of Abstraction. Heythrop Journal 56 (3):n/a-n/a.
    Aquinas’s process of abstraction of the particular thing into a universal concept is of pivotal importance for grounding his philosophy and theology in a natural framework. Much has been said and written regarding Aquinas’s doctrine of abstraction, yet recent studies still consider it to be ‘nothing more than a kind of magic.’ This problematic claim is not without foundation, for in trying to understand exactly how this process works, we are constantly faced with an unbridgeable abyss and the repeated vague (...)
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  33. added 2015-04-13
    Steve Clarke (1998). Metaphysics and the Disunity of Scientific Knowledge. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  34. added 2015-04-13
    Jeffrey Bub (1985). Nancy Cartwright, How The Laws of Physics Lie. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 5:104-107.
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  35. added 2015-04-12
    Bryan Frances (forthcoming). Rationally Held 'P, but I Fully Believe ~P and I Am Not Equivocating'. Philosophical Studies.
    One of Moore’s Paradoxical sentence types is ‘P, but I believe ~P’. Mooreans have assumed that all tokens of that sentence type are absurd in some way: epistemically, pragmatically, semantically, or assertively. And then they proceed to debate what the absurdity really is. I argue that if one has the appropriate philosophical views, then one can rationally assert tokens of that sentence type, and one can be epistemically reasonable in the corresponding belief as well.
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  36. added 2015-04-12
    Calvin O. Schrag (1983). The Challenge of Philosophical Anthropology. Analecta Husserliana 14:411.
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  37. added 2015-04-12
    James F. Sheridan (1979). Once More: From the Middle, a Philosophical Anthropology. Human Studies 2 (1):77-85.
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  38. added 2015-04-12
    Michael Stock (1967). J. F. Donceel, S. J., "Philosophical Anthropology". [REVIEW] The Thomist 31 (3):364.
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  39. added 2015-04-11
    Massimiliano Carrara & Giorgio Lando (forthcoming). Composition, Indiscernibility, Coreferentiality. Erkenntnis:1-24.
    According to strong composition as identity , the logical principles of one–one and plural identity can and should be extended to the relation between a whole and its parts. Otherwise, composition would not be legitimately regarded as an identity relation. In particular, several defenders of strong CAI have attempted to extend Leibniz’s Law to composition. However, much less attention has been paid to another, not less important feature of standard identity: a standard identity statement is true iff its terms are (...)
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  40. added 2015-04-11
    Giorgio Lando & Giuseppe Spolaore (2014). Transcendental Disagreement. The Monist 97 (4):592-620.
    In metaphysical theorizing, it is common to use expressions whose function is that of denoting or being true of absolutely everything. Adopting a scolastic term, these may be called ‘transcendentals’. Different metaphysical theories may adopt different transcendentals, the most usual candidates being ‘thing’, ‘entity’, ‘object’, ‘be’, ‘exist’, and their counterparts in various languages dead or alive. We call ‘transcendental disagreement’ any dissent between philosophical theories or traditions that may be described as a disagreement in the choice of transcendentals. Examples of (...)
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  41. added 2015-04-11
    D. G. Witmer (2003). Rea, Michael, World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):603.
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  42. added 2015-04-11
    Holly Gail Thomas (1989). Possibility, Explanation, and Justification of Belief. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles
    The theme of the dissertation is that we should not be too cautious about engaging in metaphysics of modality; what may appear to be a refusal to engage in metaphysical speculation may instead involve a commitment to epistemic consequences that we should not accept. In Part I, I argue that David Lewis's modal realism implies that scepticism towards induction is rationally unavoidable. I conclude that his theory must be rejected. ;While not endorsing Lewis's account of the nature of possible worlds, (...)
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  43. added 2015-04-09
    Phillip Bricker (forthcoming). Composition as a Kind of Identity. Inquiry.
    Composition as identity, as I understand it, is a theory of the composite structure of reality. The theory’s underlying logic is irreducibly plural; its fundamental primitive is a generalized identity relation that takes either plural or singular arguments. Strong versions of the theory that incorporate a generalized version of the indiscernibility of identicals are incompatible with the framework of plural logic, and should be rejected. Weak versions of the theory that are based on the idea that composition is merely analogous (...)
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  44. added 2015-04-09
    Martin Lin (forthcoming). Leibniz on the Modal Status of Absolute Space. Noûs.
  45. added 2015-04-09
    Phillip Bricker (forthcoming). Composition as a Kind of Identity. Inquiry.
    Composition as identity, as I understand it, is a theory of the composite structure of reality. The theory’s underlying logic is irreducibly plural; its fundamental primitive is a generalized identity relation that takes either plural or singular arguments. Strong versions of the theory that incorporate a generalized version of the indiscernibility of identicals are incompatible with the framework of plural logic, and should be rejected. Weak versions of the theory that are based on the idea that composition is merely analogous (...)
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  46. added 2015-04-09
    Piotr Szalek (2014). Does Lewis’ View on Possibilia Imply the Meinongian Ontology? In Marian David & Mauro Antonelli (eds.), Logical, Ontological, and Historical Contributions on the Philosophy of Alexius Meinong. De Gruyter. 83-102.
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  47. added 2015-04-09
    Tom Stoneham David Efird (2008). What is the Principle of Recombination? Dialectica 62 (4):483-494.
    In this paper, we give a precise characterization of the principle of recombination and argue that it need not be subject to any restrictions.
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  48. added 2015-04-09
    Howard Nelson Tuttle (2005). Human Life is Radical Reality: An Idea Developed From the Conceptions of Dilthey, Heidegger, and Ortega y Gasset. Peter Lang Publishing, Inc..
    The twenty-first century needs a new paradigm for philosophy, because both Anglo-American and Continental philosophy have ended in analytic sterility and deconstructive nihilism. They have ignored the radical reality of human life, which all other realities must presuppose. Three European philosophers in the twentieth century ―Dilthey, Heidegger, and Ortega y Gasset― began to develop this idea, but never before has it been systematically conceptualized and adequately expounded. With reference to the works of these philosophers. This book examines the major categories (...)
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  49. added 2015-04-08
    Neil McDonnell, Events and Their Counterparts.
    In this paper I will argue that a particular approach to individuating events can help us account for the context-sensitivity found within our causal discourse. I will also argue that this way of understanding the context-sensitivity of our causal talk has two further benefits: it allows us to highlight a problem with well known counterexamples to the transitivity of causation and it may help resolve the problem of late pre-emption for counterfactual theories of causation. I’ll first introduce a counterpart-theory of (...)
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  50. added 2015-04-08
    William Sweet (2004). Approaches to Metaphysics. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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1 — 50 / 1581