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Metaphysics

Edited by Jonathan Schaffer (Rutgers University)
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  1. added 2015-03-27
    Abla Hasan (forthcoming). Defending Backwards Causation Against the Objection From the Ignorance Condition. Disputatio.
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  2. added 2015-03-27
    Peter van Inwagen (forthcoming). Dispensing with Ontological Levels: An Illustration. Disputatio.
    Inwagen, Peter van_Dispensing with Ontological Levels.
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  3. added 2015-03-27
    Tobias Wilsch (forthcoming). The Nomological Account of Ground. Philosophical Studies:1-20.
    The article introduces and defends the Nomological Account of ground, a reductive account of the notion of metaphysical explanation in terms of the laws of metaphysics. The paper presents three desiderata that a theory of ground should meet: it should explain the modal force of ground, the generality of ground, and the interplay between ground and certain mereological notions. The bulk of the paper develops the Nomological Account and argues that it meets the three desiderata. The Nomological Account relies on (...)
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  4. added 2015-03-27
    Samuel Lebens (forthcoming). Would This Paper Exist If I Hadn’T Written It? Philosophical Studies:1-22.
    This paper wants to know whether it would exist, or could exist, in worlds in which I didn't write it. Before we can answer this question, we first of all have to inquire as to what, exactly, this paper is. After exploring two forms of Platonism , and a theory that defines literary works in terms of events, I shall argue that the term ‘this paper’ is actually infected with ambiguity. Does this paper need me? It depends upon what you (...)
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  5. added 2015-03-27
    Barry Lee (forthcoming). Eternalism, Counting Across Times and the Argument From Semantics. Inquiry:1-29.
    In his 2004 paper ‘Tensed Quantifiers’ , David Lewis presented an apparently powerful case for eternalism by arguing that we cannot account for the truth-conditions of sentences like ‘There have been forty-four presidents of the United States’ and ‘There will be five more presidents of the United states’ and maintain a non-revisionary attitude towards their truth-values, without committing to the existence of ‘past’ and ‘future’ things. Related arguments can be found in works by Ted Sider, and by Zoltan Gendler Szabó. (...)
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  6. added 2015-03-27
    John Dupré (2015). Natural Categories and Human Kinds: Classification in the Natural and Social Sciences, by Muhammad Ali Khalidi. Mind 124 (493):358-361.
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  7. added 2015-03-27
    Harald Atmanspacher, Loriliai Biernacki, Bernard Carr, Wolfgang Fach, Michael Grosso, Michael Murphy, David E. Presti, Gregory Shaw, Henry P. Stapp, Eric M. Weiss & Ian Whicher (2015). Beyond Physicalism: Toward Reconciliation of Science and Spirituality. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  8. added 2015-03-27
    Jacob Berger (2015). Naturalism and the First-Person Perspective, by Lynne Rudder Baker. Mind 124 (493):317-321.
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  9. added 2015-03-27
    Rupert Read (2014). Uncertainty – the Philosophical Problem of Our Time. The Philosophers' Magazine 66:100-105.
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  10. added 2015-03-27
    Daniel Padgett & T. Ryan Byerly (2014). Reconstituting Ersatzer Presentism. Res Philosophica 91 (3):491-502.
    Presentists claim that only presently existing objects exist. One version of presentism is ersatzer presentism, according to which times are a kind of abstract object. Such a view is appealing because it affords the presentist an answer to the grounding objection—a potentially lethal objection to presentism. Despite this advantage, available versions of ersatzer presentism suffer from a heretofore unappreciated shortcoming: they cannot account for the truth of certain counterfactual claims about the past. We argue for this claim by considering two (...)
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  11. added 2015-03-27
    Joel Marks (2014). An Answer to Pilate. Philosophy Now 100:32-33.
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  12. added 2015-03-27
    Howard Robinson (2014). Modern Hylomorphism and the Reality and Causal Power of Structure: A Skeptical Investigation. Res Philosophica 91 (2):203-214.
    In recent years, a significant number of philosophers from an orthodox analytic background have begun to advocate theories of composite objects, which they say are strikingly similar to Aristotle’s hylomorphism. These theories emphasize the importance of structure, or organization—which they say is closely connected to Aristotle’s notion of form—in defining what it is for a composite to be a genuine object. The reality of these structures is closely connected with the fact that they are held to possess powers, again in (...)
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  13. added 2015-03-27
    Nicholas Unwin (2014). Transitivity and the Ontology of Causation. South African Journal of Philosophy 33 (1):101-111.
    It is argued that it is very hard to analyse causation in such a way that prevents everything from causing everything else. This is particularly true if we assume that the causal relation is transitive, for it all too often happens that causal chains that we wish to keep separate pass through common intermediate events. It is also argued that treating causes as aspects of events, rather than the events themselves, will not solve this problem. This is because aspects have (...)
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  14. added 2015-03-27
    Peter J. Steinberger (2014). The Problem with God. The Philosophers' Magazine 66:31-37.
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  15. added 2015-03-27
    Joshua Spencer (2014). Two Thoughts on "A Tale of Two Parts". Res Philosophica 91 (3):485-490.
    In “A Tale of Two Simples,” I presented an argument against the possibility of extended heterogeneous simples that relied on the possibility of extended atomic regions of space. Andrew Jaeger has presented a parody of one part of my argument for a clearly absurd conclusion. In this short paper, I defend my argument by showing that there is a significant disanalogy between my support for a key premise in my argument and Jaeger’s support for the corresponding premise in his parody (...)
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  16. added 2015-03-27
    Richard Lawson (2014). Climate Science & Falsifiability. Philosophy Now 104:28-29.
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  17. added 2015-03-27
    William Jaworski (2014). Hylomorphism and the Metaphysics of Structure. Res Philosophica 91 (2):179-201.
    Hylomorphism claims that structure is a basic ontological and explanatory principle; it accounts for what things are and what they can do. My goal is to articulate a metaphysic of hylomorphic structure different from those currently on offer. It is based on a substance-attribute ontology that takes properties to be powers and tropes. Hylomorphic structures emerge, on this account, as powers to configure the materials that compose individuals.
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  18. added 2015-03-27
    Alisa Bokulich (2014). Metaphysical Indeterminacy, Properties, and Quantum Theory. Res Philosophica 91 (3):449-475.
    It has frequently been suggested that quantum mechanics may provide a genuine case of ontic vagueness or metaphysical indeterminacy. However, discussions of quantum theory in the vagueness literature are often cursory and, as I shall argue, have in some respects been misguided. Hitherto much of the debate over ontic vagueness and quantum theory has centered on the “indeterminate identity” construal of ontic vagueness, and whether the quantum phenomenon of entanglement produces particles whose identity is indeterminate. I argue that this way (...)
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  19. added 2015-03-27
    Giuliano Torrengo (2013). Propositions and the Metaphysics of Time. Disputatio.
    Torrengo, Giuliano_Propositions and the Metaphysics of Time.
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  20. added 2015-03-27
    William Lane Craig (2013). Does God Exist? Philosophy Now 99:6-9.
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  21. added 2015-03-27
    Raymond Tallis (2012). Tallis in Wonderland: Did Time Begin With A Bang? Raymond Tallis Finds the Beginning of Time Doubly Problematic. Philosophy Now 92:48-49.
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  22. added 2015-03-27
    Joseph Naimo, The Time of Life and the Measure of Self: Signature-Energy-Frequency.
    An implication of Einstein’s conceptualisation of spacetime when considering entities, such as human beings, is not simply to conceive of entities occupying space for a span of time but as entities made up of spacetime . A human being from this perspective does not simply occupy space for the duration of the time of one’s life but rather one is constituted, is a being, in part, made of spacetime as a relative notion. From this perspective this paper draws attention to (...)
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  23. added 2015-03-27
    Andrew Stephenson (2010). David Lewis’s Neglected Challenge: It’s Me or God. Perspectives: International Postgraduate Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):55-72.
    I begin by sketching a dialectic typical of modern discussions of the ontological argument and explain the underlying modal principles. I will not pursue this well-worn dialectic. Instead I will explicate David Lewis’s valid reconstruction of St Anselm’s argument in Proslogion-II. Lewis’s objections to this argument are based on his idiosyncratic views about modality. Implicitly, Lewis presents a challenge: either I am right about modality, or there is a sound version of the ontological argument. More specifically, Lewis claims there is (...)
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  24. added 2015-03-27
    Timothy Williamson & Paal Antonsen (2010). Modality & Other Matters: An Interview with Timothy Williamson. Perspectives: International Postgraduate Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):16-29.
    An interview with Timothy Williamson on Modality and other matters. Williams is asked three main questions: the first about the difference between philosophical and non-philosophical knowledge, the second concerns the epistemology of modality, and the third is on the emerging metaphysical picture.
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  25. added 2015-03-27
    Marina Oshana (2010). Being In Absentia. Florida Philosophical Review 10 (1):1-6.
    The primary end of an account of personal identity is to discover what phenomena explain a person’s status as a unified agent and contribute to the person’s self-understanding. This paper explores the consequences upon a person’s ability to understand her motives for action, as unified agency requires, when the person is removed from the source of her identity and from the practices that support the self-regarding attitudes to which this identity gives rise.
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  26. added 2015-03-27
    Jonas Dagys (2009). Absences, Causation and Necessary Connections. Problemos 76:241-245.
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  27. added 2015-03-27
    Virginia Black (2008). What Kinds of Law Need Changing? Vera Lex 9 (1/2):138-141.
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  28. added 2015-03-27
    Victor Forte (2006). Early Buddhist Inclusion of Intentionality in the Laws of Causation. Vera Lex 7 (1/2):59-76.
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  29. added 2015-03-27
    Peter Stone (2006). The Salmon of Doubt. [REVIEW] The Bertrand Russell Society Quarterly 130.
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  30. added 2015-03-27
    David Robb (2003). Causation and Persistence: A Theory of Causation. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 112 (3):419-422.
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  31. added 2015-03-27
    Tomáš Marvan (2003). Gábor Forrai, Reference, Truth and Conceptual Schemes. A Defense of Internal Realism. Organon F: Filozoficky Casopis 10 (2):227-231.
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  32. added 2015-03-27
    William Courtenay (2002). Science, the Singular, and the Question of Theology. [REVIEW] The Medieval Review 9.
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  33. added 2015-03-27
    Marián Zouhar (2001). Between Words and Worlds. A Festschrift for Pavel Materna. Organon F: Filozoficky Casopis 8 (3):347-350.
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  34. added 2015-03-27
    A. A. Anderson (2000). The Metaphysics of Law. Skepsis 11.
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  35. added 2015-03-27
    Christopher Norris (2000). Can Realism Be Naturalized? Principia: Revista Internacional de Epistemologia 4 (1):89-140.
    Hilary Putnam has famously undergone some radical changes of mind with regard to the issue of scientific realism and its wider epistemological bearings. In this paper I defend the arguments put forward by early Putnam in his essays on the causal theory of reference as applied to natural-kind terms, despite his own later view that those arguments amounted to a form of 'metaphysical' realism which could not be sustained against various lines of sceptical attack. I discuss some of the reasons (...)
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  36. added 2015-03-27
    Peter Poiana (1999). Negative Identity. Literature & Aesthetics 9:99-121.
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  37. added 2015-03-27
    D. H. Mellor (1999). Other Times: Philosophical Perspectives on Past, Present and Future. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 108 (3):428-430.
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  38. added 2015-03-27
    J. Murphy (1999). Grandfather Clock. Literature & Aesthetics 9:144.
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  39. added 2015-03-27
    Heather Johnson (1996). The Survival of the Author. Literature & Aesthetics 6:79-90.
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  40. added 2015-03-27
    Joseph C. Pitt (1995). On the Philosophy of Technology, Past and Future. Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 1 (1/2):18-22.
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  41. added 2015-03-27
    Eugene Kamenka (1993). Reflections on Art, Culture and Universalism. Literature & Aesthetics 3:67-79.
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  42. added 2015-03-27
    Stephen Yablo (1988). The Metaphysics of Modality by Graeme Forbes. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 85 (6):329-337.
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  43. added 2015-03-27
    Archie Bahm (1979). Personal Ethics. Southwest Philosophical Studies 4.
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  44. added 2015-03-27
    Norman S. Care, Robert H. Grimm & Oberlin College (1969). Perception and Personal Identity Proceedings. Press of Case Western Reserve University.
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  45. added 2015-03-26
    Darrell P. Rowbottom (forthcoming). On Component Forces in Physics: A Pragmatic View. In Hsiang-Ke Chao, Julian Reiss & Szu-Ting Chen (eds.), Philosophy of Science in Practice: Nancy Cartwright and the Nature of Scientific Reasoning.
    Do component forces exist? I argue that the answer lies in the affirmative, on historical and operational grounds.
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  46. added 2015-03-26
    C. Naomi Osorio-Kupferblum (forthcoming). Conceptualising 'Authority'. International Journal of Philosophical Studies:1-14.
    This paper attempts a conceptualisation of authority intended to be useful across all areas where the concept is relevant. It begins by setting off authority against power, on the one hand, and respect, on the other, and then spells out S1’s authority as consisting in S2’s voluntary action performed in the belief that S1 would approve of it. While this definition should hold for authority generally, a distinction is made between three different kinds of authority according to what grounds them: (...)
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  47. added 2015-03-26
    Philippe Gagnon (2015). New Arguments for 'Intelligent Design'? Critical Notice on William A. Dembski, Being as Communion: A Metaphysics of Information. [REVIEW] ESSSAT News and Reviews 25 (1):17-24.
    Critical notice assessing the use of information theory in the attempt to build a design inference, and to re-establish some aspects of the program of natural theology, as carried out in this third major monograph devoted to the subject of intelligent design theory by mathematician and philosopher William A. Dembski, after The Design Inference (1998) and No Free Lunch (2002).
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  48. added 2015-03-26
    Karen R. Zwier (2014). Interventionist Causation in Physical Science. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    The current consensus view of causation in physics, as commonly held by scientists and philosophers, has several serious problems. It fails to provide an epistemology for the causal knowledge that it claims physics to possess; it is inapplicable in a prominent area of physics (classical thermodynamics); and it is difficult to reconcile with our everyday use of causal concepts and claims. In this dissertation, I use historical examples and philosophical arguments to show that the interventionist account of causation constitutes a (...)
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  49. added 2015-03-26
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty (2012). Metaphysics in Man. Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 42:63-79.
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  50. added 2015-03-26
    Francesco Orilia (2012). Tradition and Innovation in Ontology: The Case of Propositions and States of Affairs. Philosophical News 5.
    I shall explain the notions of propositions and states of affairs as they are understood in the current ontological debate and I shall briefly relate them to similar notions in Aristotle and some Medieval authors. In contrast with the point of view of some philosophers who identify propositions and states of affairs, I shall argue that they need to be sharply distinguished. I shall then move on to a problem for propositions and, above all, states of affairs, known as Bradley’s (...)
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1 — 50 / 387