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Metaphysics

Edited by Jonathan Schaffer (Rutgers University)
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  1. added 2015-03-02
    Anna-Sofia Maurin (2013). Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation by Douglas Ehring. Journal of Philosophy 110 (2):111-115.
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  2. added 2015-03-01
    Terence Rajivan Edward, Taking the Concepts of Others Seriously.
    This paper assesses an argument against the representationalist tradition in anthropology: the tradition of reporting how a cultural group represents the world. According to the argument, anthropologists working within this tradition cannot take the concepts of those they study seriously. I defend the representationalist tradition against this argument.
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  3. added 2015-03-01
    Dustin Locke (2009). Quidditism. Dissertation, University of Michigan
    In general, properties realize certain roles in the workings of nature. For example, mass makes objects resist acceleration. But what is the relationship between these roles and the properties that realize them? According to ‘quidditism’, the roles are contingently realized by the properties that in fact realize them. Opponents charge that quidditism implies the existence of epiphenomenal and unknowable “quiddities” or “inner natures”. The purpose of this dissertation is to argue in favor of quidditism and explore its epistemic and pragmatic (...)
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  4. added 2015-02-27
    Kevin Morris (forthcoming). Against Disanalogy-Style Responses to the Exclusion Problem. Philosophia:1-19.
    This paper focuses on an influential line of response to the exclusion problem for nonreductive physicalism, one defended with the most subtlety by Karen Bennett. According to this line of thought, a successful nonreductive response to the exclusion problem, a response that allows one to maintain each of the core components of nonreductive physicalism, may consist in showing that the manner in which the effects of mental causes also have distinct and sufficient physical causes is disanalogous to other types of (...)
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  5. added 2015-02-26
    Cynthia Macdonald (2015). What is Colour? A Defence of Colour Primitivism. In Robert Johnson & Michael Smith (eds.), Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn. Oxford University Press. 116-133.
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  6. added 2015-02-24
    G. Anthony Bruno (forthcoming). Schelling on the Possibility of Evil: Rendering Pantheism, Freedom and Time Consistent. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy.
  7. added 2015-02-24
    Robert C. Koons & Timothy Pickavance (2015). Metaphysics: The Fundamentals. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  8. added 2015-02-24
    Timothy Pickavance (2014). Bare Particulars and Exemplifcation. American Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):95-108.
    Bare particulars tend to get a bad rap. But often, the arguments lodged against bare particulars seem to miss important aspects of the theoretical context of bare particulars. In particular, these arguments fail to situate bare particulars within a constituent ontology with substrates, and thus fail to appreciate an important consequence of that context: the need for two types of exemplification. In this paper, I do three things. First, I motivate and describe the need, given bare particulars, for two types (...)
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  9. added 2015-02-24
    Eduardo Castro (2013). On Induction: Time-Limited Necessity Vs. Timeless Necessity. Teorema 33 (3):67-82.
  10. added 2015-02-24
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1997). Zhang Zeming's Foreign Moon. Asian Studies Review 21 (2-3):277-280.
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  11. added 2015-02-24
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1992). Schopenhauer Nietzsche and Yeats on 'Passing By'. English Language Notes 30 (2):50-57.
  12. added 2015-02-23
    John W. M. Krummel (forthcoming). Kūkai's Shingon: Embodiment of Emptiness. In Bret W. Davis (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter explicates the philosophy of the body of sixth-century Buddhist thinker Kūkai. Kūkai brings together what initially seem to be opposing concepts: body and emptiness. He does this in the context of formulating a system of cosmology inseparable from religious practice. We interact with the rest of the cosmos through our body. Kūkai characterizes the cosmos in turn as the body of the Buddha, who personifies the embodiment of the dharma. This cosmic body is comprised of myriad bodies through (...)
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  13. added 2015-02-23
    Teresa Marques, Desacordo. Compêndio Em Linha de Problemas de Filosofia Analítica.
    Discordamos sobre todo o tipo de coisas: o que existe, como as coisas funcionam, o que fazer, de que gostamos, etc. Entre os vários tipos de desacordo discutidos em debates filosóficos contemporâneos encontram-se os desacordos irrepreensíveis, os desacordos meramente verbais, e os desacordos entre pares. Os diferentes tipos de desacordo dão lugar a diversos problemas filosóficos. Há filósofos defendem que se o desacordo sobre uma questão é irrepreensível, então talvez não haja verdades objectivas sobre essa questão, e que se um (...)
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  14. added 2015-02-23
    Troy Thomas Catterson (2003). Essentialism and Individuation in Modal Logic. Dissertation, Boston University
    This dissertation addresses the problem of trans-world identity in possible worlds semantics, and argues that essentialism does not provide a satisfactory solution to it. If one takes possible worlds semantics seriously as a viable elucidation of the logic of the metaphysical modalities, one must also take a realistic stance toward possible worlds. But then, contrary to Kripke, Plantinga, Van Inwagen, and others, there is a problem with trans-world identity; the real problem being, not the problem of identifying individuals across possible (...)
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  15. added 2015-02-23
    Teresa Robertson (1999). Skepticism About de Re Modality: Three Papers on Essentialism. Dissertation, Princeton University
    This is a three paper dissertation. ;for paper 1. Quine held that quantifying into modal contexts is illegitimate. It is sometimes thought that if he is right about this, then essentialist claims make no sense. Perhaps as a consequence of this thought together with the current prominence of essentialist views, there have been two good fairly recent attacks on Quine's argument against quantifying into modal contexts: Neale's revival of Smullyan's points and Kaplan's paper "Opacity". I first argue that Quine's view (...)
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  16. added 2015-02-23
    Angela F. Curran (1992). Issues in Aristotelian Essentialism. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts Amherst
    Scholars agree that Aristotle held a view that has been called "Aristotelian Essentialism" , but disagree about what this thesis entails. I reconstruct as the view that there are certain individuals, namely substances, that have essences, and that essences are to be understood as "explanatorily basic" features of an individual--features of an individual substance that serve as part of a scientific explanation of the presence of other features of that individual, but are not themselves explained in this way. When Aristotle's (...)
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  17. added 2015-02-23
    Penelope Mackie (1987). How Things Might Have Been: A Study in Essentialism. Dissertation, University of Oxford (United Kingdom)
    Available from UMI in association with The British Library. Requires signed TDF. ;The main part of the thesis concerns how things, in the sense of individuals, might have been. The topic is what limits there are on the counterfactual possibilities for individuals: in other words, what essential properties, if any, they have. ;In Chapters 3-6 three answers to this question that have been given in recent philosophical literature are examined. They are: that each thing has a unique individual essence ; (...)
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  18. added 2015-02-23
    Alan Sidelle (1986). Necessity and Essence: A Defense of Conventionalism. Dissertation, Cornell University
    Plausible recent arguments for the existence of necessary truths a posteriori have led many philosophers to believe, at least implicitly, that conventionalism about necessity is false, and that necessity is in fact a real-world quantity. Necessary truths, on this view, are no more independent upon our linguistic conventions than any other truths; assertions of necessity and essential predications are, like any other claims, true or false as they correspond or not to a wholly independent reality. I believe that this view (...)
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  19. added 2015-02-22
    Michele Paolini Paoletti (forthcoming). A Problem for Ontological Pluralism and a Half-Meinongian Solution. Philosophia:1-11.
    According to K. McDaniel’s and J. Turner’s Ontological Pluralism, there are many ways of being that are more fundamental than being in general. In this paper, I shall analyze some constraints on this doctrine. Among other, ontological pluralists are committed to the idea that there are no things that have no way of being at all and that it is not legitimate to quantify over ways of being. Later on, I shall introduce a problem for ontological pluralism: if there is (...)
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  20. added 2015-02-22
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1995). Linklater: Before Sunrise. Cinema Papers 104:47-50.
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  21. added 2015-02-22
    Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (1986). Husserl's Logical Investigations. Grazer Philosophische Studien 27:199-207.
    The magisterial analyses of logic and meaning advanced in Husserl's Logical Investigations of 1900/01 have for a number of reasons been neglected by analytical philosophers in subsequent decades. This state of affairs has to do, in part, with the history of the editions and translations of Husserl's writings. Findlay's readable but imperfect translation appeared seventy years after the work itself was first published, and the editors and translators and expositors of Husserl's works have reflected the prevailing philosophical atmosphere on the (...)
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  22. added 2015-02-22
    Barry Smith (1985). "Deskriptive Psychologie" by Franz Brentano. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (4):627.
    We provide a detailed exposition of Brentano’s descriptive psychology, focusing on the unity of consciousness, the modes of connection and the types of part, including separable parts, distinctive parts, logical parts and what Brentano calls modificational quasi-parts. We also deal with Brentano’s account of the objects of sensation and the experience of time.
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  23. added 2015-02-21
    Markku Keinänen (2014). Tropes, Causal Processes, and Functional Laws. In Miroslaw Szatkowski & Marek Rosiak (eds.), Substantiality and Causality. Walter De Gruyter. 35-50.
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  24. added 2015-02-20
    Raymond Aaron Younis (2008). The Arrow of Time and the Moving Image of Eternity. Journal of Religious History 32 (1):109-116..
  25. added 2015-02-19
    Markku Keinänen (2015). A Trope Nominalist Theory of Natural Kinds. In Ghislain Guigon & Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra (eds.), Nominalism about Properties. Routledge. 156-174.
    In this chapter, I present the first systematic trope nominalist approach to natural kinds of objects. It does not identify natural kinds with the structures of mind-independent entities (objects, universals or tropes). Rather, natural kinds are abstractions from natural kind terms and objects belong to a natural kind if they satisfy their mind-independent application conditions. By relying on the trope theory SNT (Keinänen 2011), I show that the trope parts of a simple object determine the kind to which it belongs. (...)
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  26. added 2015-02-19
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1996). Demythologising, Deconstruction, Scientia and Logos. In Michael Griffith James Tulip (ed.), Religion Literature and the Arts. RLA Project. 111-120.
  27. added 2015-02-19
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1995). Scientific and Religious Belief. [REVIEW] Metascience (8):142-147.
  28. added 2015-02-17
    Claudio Cormick (2014). Time and situatedness Merleau-ponty's response to Mctaggart's paradox. Ideas Y Valores 63 (156):165-189.
    Se busca establecer una relación, no satisfactoriamente explorada, entre la fenomenologia merleaupontiana del tiempo y un problema central de la "theory of time" analítica, la paradoja de McTaggart. Al clarificar, en polémica con Priest , el autêntico sentido del "subjetivismo" merleaupontiano con respecto al tiempo, se senala cómo establecer una confluencia entre el acercamiento fenomenológico y las tesis desarrolladas por Michael Dummett como respuesta a la mencionada paradoja. Con los senalamientos de Dummett y la interpretación de Bimbenet acerca del "perspectivismo" (...)
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  29. added 2015-02-17
    Andrew Brenner (2010). Aquinas On Eternity, Tense, And Temporal Becoming. Florida Philosophical Review 10 (1):16-24.
    Thomas Aquinas, along with many other medieval philosophers, believed that God is timeless. Aquinas’s treatment of this doctrine seems to imply a view of time that some commentators have noticed is inescapably tenseless, what we would now call a “B-theory” view of time. This is problematic because Aquinas also seems to affirm that tense and temporal becoming are real, implying that what we would now call an “A-theory” of time is correct. In this essay I attempt to adjudicate this apparent (...)
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  30. added 2015-02-17
    Bernard Kobes (2005). The "One-Experience" Account of Phenomenal Unity: A Review of Michael Tye's "Consciousness and Persons". [REVIEW] Psyche 11.
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  31. added 2015-02-16
    Robert A. Wilson & Bartlomiej Lenart (2014). Extended Mind and Identity. In Jens Clausen & Neil Levy (eds.), Handbook of Neuroethics. Springer. 423-439.
    Dominant views of personal identity in philosophy take some kind of psychological continuity or connectedness over time to be criterial for the identity of a person over time. Such views assign psychological states, particularly those necessary for narrative memory of some kind, special importance in thinking about the nature of persons. The extended mind thesis, which has generated much recent discussion in the philosophy of mind and cognitive science, holds that a person’s psychological states can physically extend beyond that person’s (...)
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  32. added 2015-02-16
    Storrs Mccall (1994). A Model of the Universe Space-Time, Probability, and Decision. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  33. added 2015-02-15
    Rowan Grigg, It's Just About Time.
    Presented is a hypothetical model of reality that is consistent with the observational data incompletely addressed by existing models such as general relativity and quantum theory, including non-locality and the accelerating expansion of the universe. The model further suggests a theory of consciousness in which a physical mechanism accounts for interactions with remote agents that were previously categorized as 'spiritual'. I explore the wider implications of this model.
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  34. added 2015-02-15
    Herbert Hochberg (ed.) (2001). The Positivist and the Ontologist: Bergmann, Carnap and Logical Realism. Rodopi.
    The book contains the first systematic study of the ontology and metaphysics of Gustav Bergmann, tracing their development from early criticisms of Carnap’s semantical theories in Introduction to Semantics, to their culmination in his 1992 New Foundations of Ontology. This involves a detailed study of the implicit metaphysical doctrines in Carnap’s important, but long neglected, 1942 book and their connection to his influential views on reference, truth and modality, that culminated in Meaning and Necessity. In dealing with various fundamental issues (...)
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  35. added 2015-02-14
    Barry Smith (1995). More Things in Heaven and Earth. Grazer Philosophische Studien 50:87-201.
    Philosophers in the field of analytic metaphysics have begun gradually to come to terms with the fact that there are entities in a range of categories not dreamt of in the set-theory and predicate-logic-based ontologies of their forefathers. Examples of such “entia minora” would include: boundaries, places, events, states holes, shadows, individual colour- and tone-instances (tropes), together with combinations of these and associated simple and complex universal species or essences, states of affairs, judgment-contents, and myriad abstract structures of the sorts (...)
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  36. added 2015-02-13
    Jeffrey E. Brower (2014). Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects. Oup Oxford.
    Jeffrey E. Brower explores the hylomorphic conception of the material world developed by Thomas Aquinas, according to which objects comprise both matter and form . He provides a wholesale alternative to standard accounts of material objects, and highlights the relevance of Aquinas's views to contemporary metaphysical debates.
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  37. added 2015-02-13
    Barry Smith (1998). Ingarden versus Meinong o logice fikcji. In Z. Muszyński (ed.), Z badań nad prawdą i poznaniem. Wydawnictwo UMC-S. 283–296.
    : For Meinong, familiarly, fictional entities are not created, but rather merely discovered (or picked out) from the inexhaustible realm of Aussersein (beyond being and non-being). The phenomenologist Roman Ingarden, in contrast, offers in his Literary Work of Art of 1931 a constructive ontology of fiction, which views fictional objects as entities which are created by the acts of an author (as laws, for example, are created by acts of parliament). We outline the logic of fiction which is implied by (...)
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  38. added 2015-02-13
    Mark Heller (1984). Hunks: An Ontology of Physical Objects. Dissertation, Syracuse University
    This text is devoted to arguing for the thesis that our standard ontology of physical objects is not correct, and to offering a replacement for that ontology. None of the things that we normally take to exist really do exist. There are no animals, vegetables, or minerals. Nothing that I say against the specific physical objects of our standard ontology counts against the general claim that there are physical objects. In fact, I propose an ontology of physical objects that does (...)
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  39. added 2015-02-12
    Katherine Hawley (forthcoming). David Lewis on Persistence. In Barry Loewer & Jonathan Schaffer (eds.), A Companion to David Lewis. Wiley-Blackwell. 237-49.
    This paper provides an overview on David Lewis's writings about persistence. I focus on two issues. First, what is the relationship between the doctrine of Humean Supervenience and the rejection of endurantism? Second, why did Lewis not adopt a stage theory of persistence, given that he advocated a counterpart theory of modality?
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  40. added 2015-02-12
    Katherine Hawley (2014). Persistence and Time. In Steven Luper (ed.), Cambridge Companion to Life and Death. Cambridge University Press. 47-63.
    In this chapter I outline some metaphysical views about time, and about persistence, and discuss how they can help us clarify our thinking about life and death.
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  41. added 2015-02-12
    Katherine Hawley, Temporal Parts. Stanford Encylopedia of Philosophy.
    Material objects extend through space by having different spatial parts in different places. But how do they persist through time? According to some philosophers, things have temporal parts as well as spatial parts: accepting this is supposed to help us solve a whole bunch of metaphysical problems, and keep our philosophy in line with modern physics. Other philosophers disagree, arguing that neither metaphysics nor physics give us good reason to believe in temporal parts.
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  42. added 2015-02-11
    Kris Mcdaniel (2014). Metaphysics, History, Phenomenology. Res Philosophica 91 (3):339-365.
    There are three interconnected goals of this paper. The first is to articulate and motivate a view of the methodology for doing metaphysics that is broadly phenomenological in the sense of Husserl circa the Logical Investigations. The second is to articulate an argument for the importance of studying the history of philosophy when doing metaphysics that is in accordance with this methodology. The third is to confront this methodology with a series of objections and determine how well it fares in (...)
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  43. added 2015-02-10
    Jiri Benovsky (forthcoming). Alethic Modalities, Temporal Modalities, and Representation. Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy.
    In this article, I am interested in four versions of what is often referred to as "the Humphrey objection". This objection was initially raised by Kripke against Lewis's modal counterpart theory, so this is where I will start the discussion. As we will see, there is a perfectly good answer to the objection. I will then examine other places where a similar objection can be raised: it can arise in the case of temporal counterpart theory (in fact, it can arise (...)
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  44. added 2015-02-10
    Matthew Tugby (2015). The Alien Paradox. Analysis 75 (1):28-37.
    Platonism delivers a theory of possibility that is distinct from both Lewisian modal realism and ersatz modal theories. By putting the topic of alien properties at centre stage in our modal theorizing, a strong preliminary case for platonism can be made. A puzzle about alien properties is created by modern truthmaker theory and some plausible assumptions about properties and existence. But this puzzle is one that platonism is able to solve in a simple and conservative way.
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  45. added 2015-02-10
    Geert Keil (2003). A Survey Of Metaphysics. [REVIEW] Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 57 (2).
    Review of E. J. Lowe's monograph A Survey of Metaphysics (OUP 2002).
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  46. added 2015-02-09
    Jennifer Wang (forthcoming). Actualist Counterpart Theory. Journal of Philosophy.
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  47. added 2015-02-09
    Tobias Hansson Wahlberg (2014). Institutional Objects, Reductionism and Theories of Persistence. Dialectica 68 (4):525-562.
    Can institutional objects be identified with physical objects that have been ascribed status functions, as advocated by John Searle in The Construction of Social Reality (1995)? The paper argues that the prospects of this identification hinge on how objects persist – i.e., whether they endure, perdure or exdure through time. This important connection between reductive identification and mode of persistence has been largely ignored in the literature on social ontology thus far.
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  48. added 2015-02-09
    Adolf Rami (2007). Truthmakers. The Contemporary Debate. [REVIEW] Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 61 (1).
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  49. added 2015-02-09
    Peter Alward (2004). Review of Truth and Truthmakers. [REVIEW] Disputatio 1:74-78.
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  50. added 2015-02-09
    Boris Kukso (2003). Trouble for Truthmakers: Negation and Possibility. Dissertation, Duke University
    This dissertation addresses the question how a factualist naturalistically-minded metaphysical theory can provide truthmakers for negative truths, both necessary and contingent. ;The first two chapters constitute a historical analysis of the different treatments of truthmakers for negative truths proposed by Logical Atomists. ;In Chapter 1, I consider Russell's attempt to use negative facts to provide truthmakers for negative truths. I evaluate the debate between Russell and Demos, and argue that Russell's treatment of negative facts faces the same difficulties he identifies (...)
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