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Modality

Edited by Tuomas E. Tahko (University of Helsinki)
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Summary In philosophical contexts, the study of modality is primarily the study of necessity and possibility. Sometimes this is expressed by talking about possible worlds, but this is to a certain extent just a façon de parler. In metaphysics, we are interested in the nature of the modal space -- are the so called possible worlds merely conventional or are they concrete, as modal realism would have it? Whatever the nature of the modal space, questions remain about the status of the different varieties of modality, and our epistemic access to modality. One central topic in recent literature concerns the ground of modal truths, that is, in virtue of what is something necessary? This is also linked to essentialism and de re modality: can we explain transworld identity in terms of essential properties, or perhaps even ground modal truths to essentialist truths?
Key works Some of the most important discussion starters regarding modality include Armstrong 1989, Fine 1994, Forbes 1985, Hale 1996, Kripke 1980, Lewis 1986, Lewis 1973, and Plantinga 1992. Some significant early work (e.g. by Adams, Chisholm, Hintikka, Kripke, Kaplan, Lewis, Plantinga, Quine, Stalnaker) on modality has been collected in volumes such as Linsky 1971, Loux 1979, and Tooley 1999. Many classic papers are also included in Plantinga 2003, Stalnaker 2003, and Fine 2005. The contemporary literature is enormous, some important contributions are Lowe 1998, Soames 2002, Williamson 2007, and Jubien 2009. For modal epistemology in particular, Gendler & Hawthorne 2002 is an excellent resource.
Introductions Chihara 1998; Divers 2002; Girle 2003; Hale & Hoffmann 2010; Melia 2003; Vaidya 2007.
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  1. Arif Ahmed (2012). Modality. [REVIEW] Mind 121:483.
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  2. José Tomás Alvarado (2009). A Causal Theory of Modality. Ideas Y Valores 58 (140):173-196.
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  3. Alice Ambrose (1955). On Entailment and Logical Necessity. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 56:241 - 258.
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  4. Alice Ambrose & Morris Lazerowitz (1984). Assuming the Logically Impossible. Metaphilosophy 15 (2):91–99.
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  5. Sumario Analitico (2006). Discurso Modal"(Partieularist Traits in Modal Discourse), Theoria, 2006, Vol. 21/2, N 56, 213-232. Theoria 21:2.
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  6. Anthony C. Anderson (2012). Conceptual Modality and the Onto-Logical Argument. In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag. 50--295.
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  7. Erik Andersson (2003). Modality in Swedish. Revue Belge de Philologie Et D'Histoire 81 (3):845-865.
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  8. John Bacon (1988). Four Modal Modelings. Journal of Philosophical Logic 17 (2):91 - 114.
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  9. Thomas Baldwin (1977). Meaning and Modality. Philosophical Books 18 (3):130-131.
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  10. Roberta Ballarin (2004). The Interpretation of Necessity and the Necessity of Interpretation. Journal of Philosophy 101 (12):609 - 638.
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  11. Jonathan Barnes (1986). Diodoran Modalities. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 36 (1):77-79.
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  12. George Bealer (2008). Modal Error. In Quentin Smith (ed.), Epistemology: New Essays. Oup Oxford.
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  13. Helen Beebee (2013). Nature Without Abandoning Kripke–Putnam Semantics1. In Stephen Mumford & Matthew Tugby (eds.), Metaphysics and Science. Oxford University Press. 141.
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  14. Robert C. Beissel (1992). The Modality of Being. The Thomist 56:49-69.
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  15. Tervoort Bt (1976). The Neglected Modality: A Book on Writing. Foundations of Language 14 (4):587-595.
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  16. Hans Burkhardt (1983). Teoría modal y lógica modal en la Escolástica y en Leibniz. Anuario Filosófico 16 (1):273-292.
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  17. Keith Campbell (2014). David Malet Armstrong (8 July 1926 – 13 May 2014). Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):617-618.
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  18. Rodrigo Neira Castaño (2013). " Possibility", de Michael Jubien. Teorema: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 32 (3):179-183.
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  19. Claudio Cerrato (1996). Modal Sequents. In H. Wansing (ed.), Proof Theory of Modal Logic. Kluwer. 141--166.
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  20. David J. Chalmers, Mind and Modality.
    What follows are compressed versions of three lectures on the subject of "Mind and Modality", given at Princeton University the week of October 12-16, 1998. The first two form a series; the third stands alone to some extent. All are philosophically technical, and probably of interest mainly to philosophers. I hope that they make sense, at least to those familiar with my book _The Conscious Mind_ . Lecture 1 recapitulates some of the material in the book in a somewhat different (...)
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  21. Roderick M. Chisholm (1967). Identity Through Possible Worlds: Some Questions. Noûs 1 (1):1-8.
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  22. Condoravdi Cleo & Kaufmann Stefan (2005). Modality and Temporality. Journal of Semantics 22 (2).
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  23. Alexandre Costa-Leite (2013). Modalities and Multimodalities. Manuscrito 36 (1):191-195.
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  24. Matthew Davidson (ed.) (2003). Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality. Oxford University Press, USA.
    This volume contains some of the best work in metaphysics from the past 30 years, and will remain a source of critical contention and keen interest among ...
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  25. John Divers (2014). Modal Reality and (Modal) Logical Space. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (3):726-733.
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  26. Dorothy Edgington (1988). Graeme Forbes, "The Metaphysics of Modality". [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 38 (52):365.
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  27. The Editors (1979). The Possibility of All Possibilities. Dialectics and Humanism 6 (4):105-109.
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  28. Randall W. Engle & James S. Roberts (1982). How Long Does the Modality Effect Persist? Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (6):343-346.
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  29. Percival L. Everett (2005). A Modality. Symploke 12 (1):152-154.
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  30. Kit Fine (1989). The Problem of de Re Modality. In John Perry, J. Almog & Howard K. Wettstein (eds.), Themes From Kaplan. Oxford University Press. 197--272.
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  31. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1972). Bressan and Suppes on Modality. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1972:323 - 330.
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  32. B. J. Garrett (1986). Possible Worlds and Identity. Philosophical Books 27 (2):65-72.
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  33. Don Garrett (1995). Modalities. Review of Metaphysics 48 (3):668-669.
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  34. J. Garson (1972). Two New Interpretations of Modality. Logique Et Analyse 15:443-459.
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  35. Lloyd P. Gerson (1996). Bechler, Zev. Aristotle's Theory of Actuality. Review of Metaphysics 50 (1):144-145.
  36. Dana Goswick (2010). Bridging the Modal Gap. Journal of Philosophy 107 (8):432-443.
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  37. Bob Hale (2013). Necessary Beings: An Essay on Ontology, Modality, and the Relations Between Them. Oup Oxford.
    Bob Hale presents a broadly Fregean approach to metaphysics, according to which ontology and modality are mutually dependent upon one another. He argues that facts about what kinds of things exist depend on facts about what is possible. Modal facts are fundamental, and have their basis in the essences of things--not in meanings or concepts.
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  38. Sven Ove Hansson (2006). The Modal Status of Philosophy. Theoria 72 (3):173-176.
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  39. Gordon B. Harding & Gary R. Rundle (1969). Long-Term Retention of Modality- and Nonmodality-Specific Habituation of the GSR. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):390.
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  40. Mark Heller (2007). 3. Worlds, Pluriverses, and Minds. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 3:77.
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  41. Albert Hofstadter (1957). Six Necessities. Journal of Philosophy 54 (20):597-613.
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  42. Christopher Hookway (1989). Graeme Forbes., The Metaphysics of Modality. International Studies in Philosophy 21 (1):80-81.
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  43. Keith Hossack (2007). Actuality: Scott Soames and Keith Hossack: Actuality and Modal Rationalism. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107:433 - 456.
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  44. I. L. Humberstone (1981). From Worlds to Possibilities. Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (3):313 - 339.
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  45. Lloyd Humberstone (2005). Modality. In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  46. Stephen Isard & Christopher Longuet-Higgins (1973). Modal Tic-Tac-Toe. In Radu J. Bogdan & Ilkka Niiniluoto (eds.), Logic, Language, and Probability. Boston,D. Reidel Pub. Co.. 189--195.
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  47. H. M. J. (1977). Meaning and Modality. Review of Metaphysics 31 (2):323-324.
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  48. S. Joshi (2002). The Possibility of Supermoralism In The Bhagvadgitia. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 29 (4):529-542.
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  49. Michael Jubien (2007). 4. Analyzing Modality. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 3:99.
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  50. Michael Jubien (2007). 1. World Weary. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 3:99.
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