Bookmark and Share

Modality

Edited by Tuomas E. Tahko (University of Helsinki)
About this topic
Summary In philosophical contexts, the study of modality is primarily the study of necessity and possibility. Sometimes this is expressed by talking about possible worlds, but this is to a certain extent just a façon de parler. In metaphysics, we are interested in the nature of the modal space -- are the so called possible worlds merely conventional or are they concrete, as modal realism would have it? Whatever the nature of the modal space, questions remain about the status of the different varieties of modality, and our epistemic access to modality. One central topic in recent literature concerns the ground of modal truths, that is, in virtue of what is something necessary? This is also linked to essentialism and de re modality: can we explain transworld identity in terms of essential properties, or perhaps even ground modal truths to essentialist truths?
Key works Some of the most important discussion starters regarding modality include Armstrong 1989, Fine 1994, Forbes 1985, Hale 1996, Kripke 1980, Lewis 1986, Lewis 1973, and Plantinga 1992. Some significant early work (e.g. by Adams, Chisholm, Hintikka, Kripke, Kaplan, Lewis, Plantinga, Quine, Stalnaker) on modality has been collected in volumes such as Linsky 1971, Loux 1979, and Tooley 1999. Many classic papers are also included in Plantinga 2002, Stalnaker 2003, and Fine 2005. The contemporary literature is enormous, some important contributions are Lowe 1998, Soames 2002, Williamson 2007, and Jubien 2009. For modal epistemology in particular, Gendler & Hawthorne 2002 is an excellent resource.
Introductions Chihara 1998; Divers 2002; Girle 2003; Hale & Hoffmann 2010; Melia 2003; Vaidya 2007.
  Show all references
Related categories
Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Modality
2995 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Order:
1 — 50 / 2995
Material to categorize
  1. Gary Bedell (1977). Necessary Truths About the World. New Scholasticism 51 (4):537-545.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Robert C. Beissel (1992). The Modality of Being. The Thomist 56:49-69.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Nora Berenstain (2016). The Applicability of Mathematics to Physical Modality. Synthese:1-17.
    This paper argues that scientific realism commits us to a metaphysical determination relation between the mathematical entities that are indispensible to scientific explanation and the modal structure of the empirical phenomena those entities explain. The argument presupposes that scientific realism commits us to the indispensability argument. The viewpresented here is that the indispensability of mathematics commits us not only to the existence of mathematical structures and entities but to a metaphysical determination relation between those entities and the modal structure of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. Chen Bo (2011). Proper Names, Contingency A Priori and Necessity A Posteriori. History and Philosophy of Logic 32 (2):119 - 138.
    After a brief review of the notions of necessity and a priority, this paper scrutinizes Kripke's arguments for supposedly contingent a priori propositions and necessary a posteriori propositions involving proper names, and reaches a negative conclusion, i.e. there are no such propositions, or at least the propositions Kripke gives as examples are not such propositions. All of us, including Kripke himself, still have to face the old question raised by Hume, i.e. how can we justify the necessity and universality of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Richard Brandt, Henry W. Johnstone, Manley Thompson & Gustav Bergmann (1952). Comments on Mr. Raab's Theses. Review of Metaphysics 6 (1):124-129.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Gordon G. Brittan Jr (ed.) (1991). Causality, Method and Modality. Kluwer.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. K. Britton (1936). Possibility. [REVIEW] Mind 45:530.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Marc Champagne (2015). A Less Simplistic Metaphysics: Peirce’s Layered Theory of Meaning as a Layered Theory of Being. Sign Systems Studies 43 (4):523–552.
    This article builds on C. S. Peirce’s suggestive blueprint for an inclusive outlook that grants reality to his three categories. Moving away from the usual focus on (contentious) cosmological forces, I use a modal principle to partition various ontological layers: regular sign-action (like coded language) subsumes actual sign-action (like here-and-now events) which in turn subsumes possible sign-action (like qualities related to whatever would be similar to them). Once we realize that the triadic sign’s components are each answerable to this asymmetric (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. Roy J. Cox (1960). Professor Hanson Imagining the Impossible. Analysis 20 (4):87 - 93.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. Patrick Doherty (1996). Partiality, Modality, and Nonmonotonicity.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  11. Jude P. Dougherty (2011). Theism and Ultimate Explanation. Review of Metaphysics 64 (3):649-651.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. Stephen Downes (unknown). Models and Modality. Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 6.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. John Timlin Dunlap (1972). Models and Modality. Dissertation, University of Georgia
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. The Editors (1979). The Possibility of All Possibilities. Dialectics and Humanism 6 (4):105-109.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Charles Evans (1972). Salvaging Necessary Truth. Journal of Critical Analysis 4 (1):24-33.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. Percival L. Everett (2005). A Modality. Symploke 12 (1):152-154.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Arthur E. Falk (1984). Selfhood, Modality, and Philosophies of Mind. Metaphilosophy 15 (2):100–111.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Hartry Field (1991). Metalogic and Modality. Philosophical Studies 62 (1):1 - 22.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  19. Graeme Forbes (1992). Melia on Modalism. Philosophical Studies 68 (1):57 - 63.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20. Bas C. Van Fraassen (1972). Bressan and Suppes on Modality. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1972:323 - 330.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Kenneth T. Gallagher (1994). Possibility, Necessity, and Existence. International Philosophical Quarterly 34 (3):384-385.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. Don Garrett (1995). Modalities. Review of Metaphysics 48 (3):668-669.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. J. Garson (1972). Two New Interpretations of Modality. Logique Et Analyse 15:443-459.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  24. Christopher S. Gifford (2013). Against the Modal Argument. Erkenntnis 78 (3):627-646.
    The relationship between alethic modality and indeterminacy is yet to be clarified. A modal argument—an argument that appeals to alethic modality—against vague objects given by Joseph Moore offers a potential clarification of the relationship; it is proposed that there are cases for which the following holds: if it is indeterminate whether A = B then it is possible that it is determinate that A = B. However, the argument faces three problems. The problems remove the argument’s threat against vague objects (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. M. Glouberman (1991). Intermediate Possibility and Actuality-Cartesian Error Theory. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 65 (1):63-82.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Robert Goldblatt (1993). Mathematics of Modality.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  27. Jeremy Goodman (forthcoming). Williamson on Necessitism. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-27.
    I critically discuss some of the main arguments of Modal Logic as Metaphysics, present a different way of thinking about the issues raised by those arguments, and briefly discuss some broader issues about the role of higher-order logic in metaphysics.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Sven Ove Hansson (2006). The Modal Status of Philosophy. Theoria 72 (3):173-176.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  29. Gordon B. Harding & Gary R. Rundle (1969). Long-Term Retention of Modality- and Nonmodality-Specific Habituation of the GSR. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):390.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Mark Heller (2007). 3. Worlds, Pluriverses, and Minds. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 3:77.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Meir Hemmo (1996). Possible Worlds in the Modal Interpretation. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):337.
    An outline for a modal interpretation in terms of possible worlds is presented. The so-called Schmidt histories are taken to correspond to the physically possible worlds. The decoherence function defined in the histories formulation of quantum theory is taken to prescribe a non-classical probability measure over the set of the possible worlds. This is shown to yield dynamics in the form of transition probabilities for occurrent events in each world. The role of the consistency condition is discussed.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  32. Henry Hiż (1961). Modalities and Extended Systems. Journal of Philosophy 58 (23):723-731.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. Albert Hofstadter (1951). Explanation and Necessity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 11 (3):339-347.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. I. L. Humberstone (1981). From Worlds to Possibilities. Journal of Philosophical Logic 10 (3):313 - 339.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   19 citations  
  35. Stephen Isard & Christopher Longuet-Higgins (1973). Modal Tic-Tac-Toe. In Radu J. Bogdan & Ilkka Niiniluoto (eds.), Logic, Language, and Probability. Boston,D. Reidel Pub. Co. 189--195.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  36. Hidé Ishiguro & John Skorupski (1980). Possibility. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 54 (1):73 - 104.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. H. M. J. (1977). Meaning and Modality. Review of Metaphysics 31 (2):323-324.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38. Michael Jubien (2007). 4. Analyzing Modality. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 3:99.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  39. Michael Jubien (2007). 1. World Weary. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 3:99.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Toni Kannisto (forthcoming). Kant on the Necessity of Causal Relations. Kant-Studien.
    There are two traditional ways to read Kant's claim that every event necessarily has a cause: the weaker every-event some-cause and the stronger same-cause same-effect causal principles. The focus of the debate about whether and where he subscribes to the SCP has been in the Analogies in the Critique of Pure Reason and in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. By analysing the arguments and conclusions of both the Analogies and the Postulates as well as the two Latin principles non (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Louis Osgood Kattsoff (1937). Modality and Probability. Philosophical Review 46 (1):78-85.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Osamu Kiritani (2011). Function and Modality. Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (1):1-4.
    Naturalistic teleological accounts of mental content rely on an etiological theory of function. Nanay has raised a new objection to an etiological theory, and proposed an alternative theory of function that attributes modal force to claims about function. The aim of this paper is both to defend and to cast a new light on an etiological theory of function. I argue against Nanay’s “trait type individuation objection,” suggesting that an etiological theory also attributes modal force to claims about function. An (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  43. Osamu Kiritani (2011). Modality and Function: Reply to Nanay. Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (2):89-90.
    This paper replies to Nanay’s response to my recent paper. My suggestions are the following. First, “should” or “ought” does not need to be deontic. Second, etiological theories of function, like provability logic, do not need to attribute modal force to their explanans. Third, the explanans of the homological account of trait type individuation does not appeal to a trait’s etiological function, that is, what a trait should or ought to do. Finally, my reference to Cummins’s notion of function was (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  44. J. Laird, G. Dawes Hicks & W. G. de Burgh (1931). Symposium: Actuality and Value. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 10:81-134.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. J. Laird, G. Hicks & W. G. de Burgh (1931). Actuality and Value. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 10 (1):81-134.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Nicholas A. Lapara (1970). Law, Inference, and Modality. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Stephan Leuenberger (2015). The Contingency of Contingency. Journal of Philosophy 112 (2):84-112.
    Where does the line between the possible and the impossible fall? One influential answer to this question is succinctly expressed by the thesis that there are no brute necessities. Typically, that thesis is taken to be non-contingent by its proponents. In this paper, I shall argue that if it is necessary, it is so brutely. From this, it follows that there could be brute necessities. But this has no tendency to show that there are any. On the resulting view, the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Leah L. Light & Dale E. Berger (1974). Memory for Modality: Within-Modality Discrimination is Not Automatic. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (5):854.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  49. O. Linnebo (2008). Review: Fraser MacBride (Ed.): Identity and Modality. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (467):705-708.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Bernard Linsky (1991). Truth at a World is a Modality. Philosophia 20 (4):387-394.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 2995