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  1. Elisa Aaltola (2007). The Moral Value of Animals. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 3:219-225.
    Altruism has often been thought to be the reason we treat animals with a certain moral respect. Animals are not moral agents who could reciprocally honour our well being, and because of this duties toward them are considered to be based on other-directed motivations. Altruism is a vague notion, and in the context of animals can be divided into at least three different alternatives. The first one equates altruism with benevolence or "kindness"; the second one argues altruism is based on (...)
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  2. Christel Fricke (ed.) (2011). The Ethics of Forgiveness: A Collection of Essays. Routledge.
    We are often pressed to forgive or in need of forgiveness: Wrongdoing is common. Even after a perpetrator has been taken to court and punished, forgiveness still has a role to play. How should a victim and a perpetrator relate to each other outside the courtroom, and how should others relate to them? Communicating about forgiveness is particularly urgent in cases of civil war and crimes against humanity inside a community where, if there were no forgiveness, the community would fall (...)
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  3. Anca Gheaus (2011). Love, Hate and Moral Inclusion. In Joseph Carlisle, James Carter & Daniel Whistler (eds.), Moral Powers, Fragile Beliefs: Essays in Moral and Religious Philosophy. Continuum International Publishing Group. 29.
  4. Elizabeth V. Spelman (2008). Moral Repair: Reconstructing Moral Relations After Wrongdoingby Margaret Urban Walker. Hypatia 23 (4):228-233.
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  5. Elizabeth V. Spelman (2008). Moral Repair: Reconstructing Moral Relations After Wrongdoing (Review). Hypatia 23 (4):pp. 228-233.
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  6. Elise Springer (2013). Communicating Moral Concern: An Ethics of Critical Responsiveness. The Mit Press.
    Examines the social aspect of moral agency, building an account of critical engagement that focuses on the transformation of moral attention through communicative exchange, rather than on matters of judgment or on behavioral outcomes.
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  7. Julia Tanner (2002). Value, Respect and Attachment (Book Review). [REVIEW] Philosophical Writings (21).
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  8. Michael J. Zimmerman (1999). The Moral Aspect of Nonmoral Goods and Evils. Utilitas 11 (01):1-15.
    The idea that immoral behaviour can sometimes be admirable, and that moral behaviour can sometimes be less than admirable, has led several of its supporters to infer that moral considerations are not always overriding, contrary to what has been traditionally maintained. In this paper I shall challenge this inference. My purpose in doing so is to expose and acknowledge something that has been inadequately appreciated, namely, the moral aspect of nonmoral goods and evils. I hope thereby to show that, even (...)
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Desert
  1. Linda F. Annis (1986). Merit Pay, Utilitarianism, and Desert. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (1):33-41.
  2. Gustaf Arrhenius (2003). Feldman's Desert-Adjusted Utilitarianism and Population Ethics. Utilitas 15 (02):225-.
    Fred Feldman has proposed a desert-adjusted version of utilitarianism, , as a plausible population axiology. Among other things, he claims that justicism avoids Derek Parfit's . This paper explains the theory and tries to straighten out some of its ambiguities. Moreover, it is shown that it is not clear whether justicism avoids the repugnant conclusion and that it is has other counter-intuitive implications. It is concluded that justicism is not convincing as a population axiology.
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  3. Ronen Avraham & Daniel Statman (2013). More on the Comparative Nature of Desert: Can a Deserved Punishment Be Unjust? Utilitas 25 (3):316-333.
    Adam and Eve have the same record yet receive different punishments. Adam receives the punishment that they both deserve, whereas Eve receives a more lenient punishment. In this article, we explore whether a deserved-but-unequal punishment, such as what Adam receives, can be just. We do this by explicating the conceptions of retributive justice that underlie both sides of the debate. We argue that inequality in punishment is disturbing mainly because of the disrespect it often expresses towards the offender receiving the (...)
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  4. Sorin Baiasu (2007). Institutions and the Normativity of Desert. Contemporary Political Theory 6 (2):175.
    The question of whether desert depends on institutions or institutions on desert continues to divide politicians and political theorists, particularly in disputes over the justification of the welfare state. Even though it is a significant question with direct relevance for issues of economic justice, little has been done so far to evaluate the various positions in dispute and to make explicit the concepts involved. In this paper, I first present the main senses in which the concepts of desert, dependence and (...)
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  5. Brenda M. Baker (1997). Improving Our Practice of Sentencing. Utilitas 9 (01):99-.
    Restorative justice should have greater weight as a criterion in criminal justice sentencing practice. It permits a realistic recognition of the kinds of harm and damage caused by offences, and encourages individualized non-custodial sentencing options as ways of addressing these harms. Non-custodial sentences have proven more effective than incarceration in securing social reconciliation and preventing recidivism, and they avoid the serious social and personal costs of imprisonment. This paper argues in support of restorative justice as a guiding idea in sentencing. (...)
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  6. Lene Bomann-Larsen (2009). Revisionism and Desert. Criminal Law and Philosophy 4 (1):1-16.
    Revisionists claim that the retributive intuitions informing our responsibility-attributing practices are unwarranted under determinism, not only because they are false, but because if we are all victims of causal luck , it is unfair to treat one another as if we are deserving of moral and legal sanctions. One (moderate) revisionist strategy recommends a deflationary concept of moral responsibility, and that we justify punishment in consequentialist rather than retributive terms. Another (strong) revisionist strategy recommends that we eliminate all concepts of (...)
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  7. Thadis W. Box (1980). Desert Science Advances in Desert and Arid Land Technology and Development Adli Bishay William G. McGinnies. BioScience 30 (9):614-614.
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  8. Kimberley Brownlee (2006). Serena Olsaretti (Ed.), Desert and Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), Pp. Xi + 269. Utilitas 18 (04):449-.
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  9. James Cargile (1964). Utilitarianism and the Desert Island Problem. Analysis 25 (1):23 - 24.
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  10. Erik Carlson (1997). Consequentialism, Distribution and Desert. Utilitas 9 (03):307-.
    This paper criticizes the consequentialist theory recently put forward by Fred Feldman. I argue that this theory violates two crucial requirements. Another theory, proposed by Peter Vallentyne, is similarly flawed. Feldman's basic ideas could, however, be developed into a more plausible theory. I suggest one possible way of doing this.
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  11. Peter Celello (2009). Against Desert as a Forward-Looking Concept. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (2):144-159.
    Fred Feldman and, more recently, David Schmidtz have challenged the standard view that a person's desert is based strictly on past and present facts about him. I argue that Feldman's attempt to overturn this 'received wisdom' about desert's temporal orientation is unsuccessful, since his examples do not establish that what a person deserves now can be based on what will occur in the future. In addition, his forward-looking account introduces an unnecessary asymmetry regarding desert's temporal orientation in different contexts. Schmidtz (...)
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  12. Randolph Clarke (2013). Some Theses on Desert. Philosophical Explorations 16 (2):153-64.
    Consider the idea that suffering of some specific kind is deserved by those who are guilty of moral wrongdoing. Feeling guilty is a prime example. It might be said that it is noninstrumentally good that one who is guilty feel guilty (at the right time and to the right degree), or that feeling guilty (at the right time and to the right degree) is apt or fitting for one who is guilty. Each of these claims constitutes an interesting thesis about (...)
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  13. Jeffrey P. Cohn (1996). The Sonoran Desert Changing Face of the Desert Keeps Communities Dynamic. BioScience 46 (2):84-87.
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  14. I. Introductory Comment (1995). Justice, Desert, and the Repugnant Conclusion. Utilitas 7 (2).
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  15. S. Consensus (1995). Justice, Desert, and the Repugnant Conclusion. Utilitas 7 (2).
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  16. Carlos Crespo (2013). Badain Jaran: The Forgotten Desert. Scheidegger and Spiess.
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  17. Anthony Ellis (1997). Punishment and the Principle of Fair Play. Utilitas 9 (01):81-.
    What I call the Just Distribution theory of punishment holds that the justification of punishment is that it rectifies the social distribution of benefits and burdens which has been upset by the offender. I argue that a recent version of this theory is no more viable than earlier versions. Like them, it fails in its avowed intention to deliver fundamental intuitions about crime and punishment. The root problem is its foundation in Hart's Principle of Fair Play, a foundation which, I (...)
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  18. Fred Feldman (1999). T6. Desert: Reconsideration of Some Received Wisdom. In Louis P. Pojman & Owen McLeod (eds.), What Do We Deserve?: A Reader on Justice and Desert. Oxford University Press. 140.
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  19. Fred Feldman (1996). Responsibility as a Condition for Desert. Mind 105 (417):165-168.
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  20. Fred Feldman (1995). Desert: Reconsideration of Some Received Wisdom. Mind 104 (413):63-77.
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  21. I. Justice As Fit (1995). Ambiguities in Feldman's Desert-Adjusted Values. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55:567-85.
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  22. Robert L. Frazier (2000). Utilitarianism, Hedonism, and Desert. Dialogue 39 (3):626-627.
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  23. William T. Gillis (1970). Desert Biology Desert Biology, Vol. 1 G. W. Brown, Jr. BioScience 20 (4):247-248.
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  24. Jake Greenblum (2010). Distributive and Retributive Desert in Rawls. Journal of Social Philosophy 41 (2):169-184.
    In this paper I examine John Rawls’s understanding of desert. Against Samuel Scheffler, I maintain that the reasons underlying Rawls’s rejection of the traditional view of distributive desert in A Theory of Justice also commit him to rejecting the traditional view of retributive desert. Unlike Rawls’s critics, however, I view this commitment in a positive light. I also argue that Rawls’s later work commits him to rejecting retributivism as a public justification for punishment.
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  25. Nathan Hanna (2013). Two Claims About Desert. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 (1):41-56.
    Many philosophers claim that it is always intrinsically good when people get what they deserve and that there is always at least some reason to give people what they deserve. I highlight problems with this view and defend an alternative. I have two aims. First, I want to expose a gap in certain desert-based justifications of punishment. Second, I want to show that those of us who have intuitions at odds with these justifications have an alternative account of desert at (...)
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  26. Nicole Huber & Ralph Stern (2008). Sites of Transition: Urbanizing the Mojave Desert-Las Vegas: From a Desert Resort to an Urban Center. Topos 63:72.
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  27. Thomas Hurka (2003). Desert: Individualistic and Holistic. In Serena Olsaretti (ed.), Desert and Justice. Oxford University Press. 45--45.
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  28. Foster Jewell (1966). Verse: Mysterious Desert. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 47 (3):349.
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  29. Robert Johnson, Merit.
    A few pages into the Groundwork Kant claims that only actions from duty have moral worth.ii Even though as an aside he also says that a dutiful action from sympathy or honor, though lacking in moral worth, "deserves praise and encouragement", it is tempting not to take him very seriously. One suspects that he regards this praise as only a poor and morally insignificant cousin of the esteem reserved for actions from duty. In the end, it seems hard to avoid (...)
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  30. Shelly Kagan (2012). The Geometry of Desert. Oxford University Press.
    Moral desert -- Fault forfeits first -- Desert graphs -- Skylines -- Other shapes -- Placing peaks -- The ratio view -- Similar offense -- Graphing comparative desert -- Variation -- Groups -- Desert taken as a whole -- Reservations.
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  31. Shelly Kagan (2003). Comparative Desert. In Serena Olsaretti (ed.), Desert and Justice. Oxford University Press. 93--122.
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  32. Akshay Kaul (2013). Reviving a Desert Landscape. Rao Jodha Desert Park in Jodhpur, India. Topos: European Landscape Magazine 82:88.
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  33. Stephen Kershnar (2008). Desert Tracks Character Alone. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (1):71-88.
    In this paper, I argue that character alone grounds desert. I begin by arguing that desert is grounded by a person’s character, action, or both. In the second section, I defend the claim that character grounds desert. My argument rests on intuitions that other things being equal, it would be intrinsically better for virtuous persons to flourish and vicious persons suffer than vice versa. In the third section, I argue that actions do not ground desert. I give three arguments in (...)
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  34. Matt King (2014). Two Faces of Desert. Philosophical Studies 169 (3):401-424.
    There are two broadly competing pictures of moral responsibility. On the view I favor, to be responsible for some action is to be related to it in such a way that licenses attributing certain properties to the agent, properties like blameworthiness and praiseworthiness. Responsibility is attributability. A different view understands being responsible in terms of our practices of holding each other responsible. Responsibility is accountability, which “involves a social setting in which we demand (require) certain conduct from one another and (...)
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  35. Matt King (2012). Moral Responsibility and Merit. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 6 (2).
    In the contemporary moral responsibility debate, most theorists seem to be giving accounts of responsibility in the ‘desert-entailing sense’. Despite this agreement, little has been said about the notion of desert that is supposedly entailed. In this paper I propose an understanding of desert sufficient to help explain why the blameworthy and praiseworthy deserve blame and praise, respectively. I do so by drawing upon what might seem an unusual resource. I appeal to so-called Fitting-Attitude accounts of value to help inform (...)
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  36. John Kleinig (forthcoming). Viii. The Concept of Desert. American Philosophical Quarterly.
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  37. John Kleinig (1999). T0. The Concept of Desert. In Louis P. Pojman & Owen McLeod (eds.), What Do We Deserve?: A Reader on Justice and Desert. Oxford University Press. 84.
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  38. John Kleinig (1971). The Concept of Desert. American Philosophical Quarterly 8 (1):71 - 78.
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  39. Andrew Mason, Meritocracy, Desert and the Moral Force of Intuitions.
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  40. Matt Matravers (1999). Andrew von Hirsch, Censure and Sanctions, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1993, Pp. Xviii + 111. Utilitas 11 (02):246-.
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  41. Owen Mcleod (1999). 2t. Desert and Institutions. In Louis P. Pojman & Owen McLeod (eds.), What Do We Deserve?: A Reader on Justice and Desert. Oxford University Press. 186.
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  42. Owen McLeod (1996). Desert and Wages. Utilitas 8 (2):205-221.
    Women tend to earn less than their male colleagues. Furthermore, women tend to earn less than men who hold jobs that are nominally different but relevantly similar to their own. Advocates of ‘comparable worth’ protest these facts. Their protest sometimes takes this form: Those differences in pay between men and women are undeserved . The argument for this claim is simple. Some facts are relevant to the wage one deserves for performing a given job; some are not. In the vast (...)
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