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Moral Psychology

Edited by Joshua May (University of Alabama, Birmingham)
About this topic
Summary Moral psychology is the study of phenomena such as moral thought, feeling, reasoning, and motivation. For example, in moral psychology, one wonders what role reasoning and emotions play in generating moral judgment. Similarly, one asks whether moral motivation has its source in reason or rather sentiments or desire. Other key issues include: the tight connection between moral judgment and motivation, altruism versus egoism, character, and even the evolution of moral capacities.  The topics reveal the partly empirical nature of the field, which makes it of necessity interdisciplinary, even though one can pursue many interesting issue from the armchair. Many of these philosophical problems have ramifications in others areas, especially metaethics. If, for example, moral judgment is grounded in sentiment, then this may support a non-cognitivists theory, which threatens moral realism.
Key works Issues in moral psychology have been dominant in the history of philosophy. Nadelhoffer et al 2010 provide a collection of key historical as well as contemporary readings. Focusing on more recent work, Smith's 1994 book has been highly influential in the literature, from moral judgment to motivation. Compare also Nagel 1970 and Korsgaard 1996. On the empirical side, Sinnott-Armstrong 2008 provides a comprehensive state of the art with three volumes full of new articles and replies from prominent philosophers and scientists. 
Introductions A brief introduction to some topics in moral psychology is in Slote 1998. Rosati's (2006) entry on moral motivation provides an introduction to one cluster of key issues in moral psychology. For a way into the empirical work, see Doris & Stich 2008, May 2016, and Doris 2010.
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Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Moral Psychology
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  3. William A. Adams (2001). The Motivational Context. In P. Bouquet V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer 409--412.
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  4. Mark Alfano (2011). Revivals of Non-Cognitivism. Philosophical Forum 42 (3):330-331.
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  5. Edwin B. Allaire, Peter Carruthers, B. Allaire, John Charvet, Terry Pinkard, Gerald A. Cohen, Stephen Darwall, Herbert A. Davidson, William Demopoulos & Fred Dretske (1997). BAIER, KURT, The Rational and the Moral Order: The Social Roots of Reason and Morality, Reviewed by Sarah Stroud.. 577. Philosophical Review 106 (4).
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  6. Dudley Andrew (1989). Cognitivism: Quests and Questions. Iris 9:1-10.
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  7. Julia Annas (2008). The Phenomenology of Virtue. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):21-34.
    What is it like to be a good person? I examine and reject suggestions that this will involve having thoughts which have virtue or being a good person as part of their content, as well as suggestions that it might be the presence of feelings distinct from the virtuous person’s thoughts. Is there, then, anything after all to the phenomenology of virtue? I suggest that an answer is to be found in looking to Aristotle’s suggestion that virtuous activity is pleasant (...)
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  8. Germán Marquínez Argote (1990). Centralidad en la categoría posibilidad en la fundamentación Zubiriana de la moral. Universitas Philosophica 15 (83):107-122.
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  9. Akilesh Ayyar (2014). To Express It Is To Explain It. Philosophy Now 100:16-19.
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  16. R. J. B. (1968). Secularization and Moral Change. Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):148-148.
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  17. Phil Badger (2014). The Righteous Mind by Jonathan Haidt. [REVIEW] Philosophy Now 101:40-41.
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  18. Desmond Bailey (1993). The Thirst for Annihilation. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 65.
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  19. Lynne Rudder Baker (2004). On Being One's Own Person. In M. Sie, Marc Slors & B. van den Brink (eds.), Reasons of One's Own. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing
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  20. Albert Bandura (1991). Social Cognitive Theory of Moral Thought and Action. In William M. Kurtines & Jacob L. Gewirtz (eds.), Handbook of Moral Behavior and Development. L. Erlbaum 1--45.
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  21. Tirthanath Bandyopadhyay (2003). Moral Motivation : A Perspective. In Krishna Roy & Kalyan Sen Gupta (eds.), Theory and Practice: A Collection of Essays. Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, Jadavpur University in Collaboration with Allied Publishers, New Delhi
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  22. J. Barnouw (1979). Lectures on Psychological and Political Ethics. Review of Metaphysics 32 (4):745-746.
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  23. S. Baron-Cohen (forthcoming). Mindblindness. An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind, Cambridge, Mass, MITPTCSS, Tradiit. Dautismo E la Lettura Della Mente, Roma. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía.
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  24. Simon Baron-Cohen (2011). Autism, Empathizing-Systemizing (Es) Theory, and Pathological Altruism. In Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.), Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press 345.
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  25. Simon Baron-Cohen (1995). Mindblindness an Essay on Autism and "Theory of Mind". Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  26. Daniel M. Bartels & David A. Pizarro (2011). The Mismeasure of Morals: Antisocial Personality Traits Predict Utilitarian Responses to Moral Dilemmas. Cognition 121 (1):154-161.
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  27. Macalester Bell (2005). A Woman's Scorn: Toward a Feminist Defense of Contempt as a Moral Emotion. Hypatia 20 (4):80-93.
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  30. M. J. Benardete (1939). The Life and Personality of Unamuno I. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 20 (1):29.
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  31. M. J. Benardete (1939). The Life and Personality of Unamuno II. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 20 (2):165.
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  32. Miguel Benasayag (2006). Connaître Est Agir: Paysages Et Situations. La Découverte.
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  33. D. Benatar (2002). Death and Compassion (Book). South African Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):83-84.
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  34. Steven Berg (2011). Homage to Americans. Review of Metaphysics 65 (1):143-147.
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  35. André Berten (1999). Bernard Williams, La Honte Et la Nécessité. Traduction de l'Anglais Par Jean Lelaidier. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 97 (3-4):692-695.
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  36. Lorraine Besser-Jones (2003). Making Sense of the Sense of Duty: A Humean Theory of Moral Motivation. Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Utilitarian and deontological moral theories are often accused of failing to develop a convincing account of an agent's moral psychology, and so failing to provide an adequate theory of moral motivation that sustains their conception of morality as involving generally overriding moral duties. As a result of this apparent conflict between an agent's psychology and the demands of morality, many suggest making dramatic revisions to our conception of morality. I argue here that a more promising response is to examine where (...)
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  37. Michael H. Birnbaum (1972). Morality Judgments: Tests of an Averaging Model. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):35.
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  38. Lawrence Blum (1994). Moral Development and Conceptions of Morality. In Moral Perception and Particularity. Cambridge University Press
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  39. Leonard Blumgart (1919). Empf's The Autonomic Functions and the Personality. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 16 (14):386.
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  40. Bernardo Bolaños (2011). El Contenido Moral de Las Decisiones Judiciales. In Granja Castro, Dulce María & Teresa Santiago (eds.), Moral y Derecho: Doce Ensayos Filosóficos. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana
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  41. David Bordwell (1989). A Case for Cognitivism. Iris 9 (1989):11-40.
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  42. Luis Borobio (1987). La moral en las artes figurativas. Anuario Filosófico 20 (2):115-120.
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  43. John Bowlin (2004). Virtue and Moral Realism. Nova Et Vetera 2.
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  46. Sarah Brouilette (2013). Antisocial Psychology. Mediations 26 (1-2).
    Sarah Brouillette explores the emergence of social scientific studies of the importance of creativity and innovation for the economy — a link that has become a mantra in the twenty-first century. Brouillette shows that, long before Richard Florida, artists and writers offered organizational psychologists and management theorists models of the ideal worker in a knowledge economy.
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  47. Matthew J. Brown (2013). The Source and Status of Values for Socially Responsible Science. Philosophical Studies 163 (1):67-76.
    Philosophy of Science After Feminism is an important contribution to philosophy of science, in that it argues for the central relevance of advances from previous work in feminist philosophy of science and articulates a new vision for philosophy of science going in to the future. Kourany’s vision of philosophy of science’s future as “socially engaged and socially responsible” and addressing questions of the social responsibility of science itself has much to recommend it. I focus the book articulation of an ethical-epistemic (...)
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  49. Grayson Douglas Browning (1958). Judgment and Motivation in Contemporary Intuitionist Ethics. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin
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  50. Allen E. Buchanan (1996). The Controversy Over Retrospective Moral Judgment. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):245-250.
    : The mandate of the U.S. Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments required that the Committee take a position on the validity of retrospective moral judgments. However, throughout its period of operation, the Committee remained divided on the question of whether sound judgments of individual culpability and wrongdoing should be included in its Final Report. This essay examines the arguments that various committee members marshalled to support their opposing views on retrospective moral judgment and explains the significance of the controversy.
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