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Moral Psychology

Edited by Joshua May (University of Alabama, Birmingham)
About this topic
Summary Moral psychology is the study of phenomena such as moral thought, feeling, reasoning, and motivation. For example, in moral psychology, one wonders what role reasoning and emotions play in generating moral judgment. Similarly, one asks whether moral motivation has its source in reason or rather sentiments or desire. Other key issues include: the tight connection between moral judgment and motivation, altruism versus egoism, character, and even the evolution of moral capacities.  The topics reveal the partly empirical nature of the field, which makes it of necessity interdisciplinary, even though one can pursue many interesting issue from the armchair. Many of these philosophical problems have ramifications in others areas, especially metaethics. If, for example, moral judgment is grounded in sentiment, then this may support a non-cognitivists theory, which threatens moral realism.
Key works Issues in moral psychology have been dominant in the history of philosophy. Nadelhoffer et al 2010 provide a collection of key historical as well as contemporary readings. Focusing on more recent work, Smith's 1994 book has been highly influential in the literature, from moral judgment to motivation. Compare also Nagel 1970 and Korsgaard 1996. On the empirical side, Sinnott-Armstrong 2008 provides a comprehensive state of the art with three volumes full of new articles and replies from prominent philosophers and scientists. 
Introductions A brief introduction to some topics in moral psychology is in Slote 1998. Rosati's (2006) entry on moral motivation provides an introduction to one cluster of key issues in moral psychology. For a way into the empirical work, see Doris & Stich 2008, May 2012, and Doris 2010.
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Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Moral Psychology
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  3. William A. Adams (2001). The Motivational Context. In P. Bouquet V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. 409--412.
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  4. Mark Alfano (2011). Revivals of Non-Cognitivism. Philosophical Forum 42 (3):330-331.
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  5. Edwin B. Allaire, Peter Carruthers, B. Allaire, John Charvet, Terry Pinkard, Gerald A. Cohen, Stephen Darwall, Herbert A. Davidson, William Demopoulos & Fred Dretske (1997). BAIER, KURT, The Rational and the Moral Order: The Social Roots of Reason and Morality, Reviewed by Sarah Stroud.. 577. Philosophical Review 106 (4).
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  7. Julia Annas (2008). The Phenomenology of Virtue. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):21-34.
    What is it like to be a good person? I examine and reject suggestions that this will involve having thoughts which have virtue or being a good person as part of their content, as well as suggestions that it might be the presence of feelings distinct from the virtuous person’s thoughts. Is there, then, anything after all to the phenomenology of virtue? I suggest that an answer is to be found in looking to Aristotle’s suggestion that virtuous activity is pleasant (...)
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  8. Germán Marquínez Argote (1990). Centralidad en la categoría posibilidad en la fundamentación Zubiriana de la moral. Universitas Philosophica 15 (83):107-122.
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  11. D. J. B. (1966). Utopia. Review of Metaphysics 19 (3):594-595.
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  14. J. A. B. (1960). Ethics. Review of Metaphysics 14 (2):362-362.
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  16. R. J. B. (1968). Secularization and Moral Change. Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):148-148.
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  17. Lynne Rudder Baker (2004). On Being One's Own Person. In M. Sie, Marc Slors & B. van den Brink (eds.), Reasons of One's Own. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.
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  18. Tirthanath Bandyopadhyay (2003). Moral Motivation : A Perspective. In Krishna Roy & Kalyan Sen Gupta (eds.), Theory and Practice: A Collection of Essays. Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, Jadavpur University in Collaboration with Allied Publishers, New Delhi.
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  19. J. Barnouw (1979). Lectures on Psychological and Political Ethics. Review of Metaphysics 32 (4):745-746.
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  20. S. Baron-Cohen (forthcoming). Mindblindness. An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind, Cambridge, Mass, MITPTCSS, Tradiit. Dautismo E la Lettura Della Mente, Roma. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía.
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  21. Simon Baron-Cohen (2011). Autism, Empathizing-Systemizing (Es) Theory, and Pathological Altruism. In Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.), Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press. 345.
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  22. Simon Baron-Cohen (1995). Mindblindness an Essay on Autism and "Theory of Mind". Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  23. Miguel Benasayag (2006). Connaître Est Agir: Paysages Et Situations. La Découverte.
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  24. D. Benatar (2002). Death and Compassion (Book). South African Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):83-84.
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  25. Steven Berg (2011). Homage to Americans. Review of Metaphysics 65 (1):143-147.
  26. André Berten (1999). Bernard Williams, La Honte Et la Nécessité. Traduction de l'Anglais Par Jean Lelaidier. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 97 (3-4):692-695.
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  28. Lawrence Blum (1994). Moral Development and Conceptions of Morality. In , Moral Perception and Particularity. Cambridge University Press.
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  30. Bernardo Bolaños (2011). El Contenido Moral de Las Decisiones Judiciales. In Granja Castro, Dulce María & Teresa Santiago (eds.), Moral y Derecho: Doce Ensayos Filosóficos. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana.
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  32. Luis Borobio (1987). La moral en las artes figurativas. Anuario Filosófico 20 (2):115-120.
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  35. Matthew J. Brown (2013). The Source and Status of Values for Socially Responsible Science. Philosophical Studies 163 (1):67-76.
    Philosophy of Science After Feminism is an important contribution to philosophy of science, in that it argues for the central relevance of advances from previous work in feminist philosophy of science and articulates a new vision for philosophy of science going in to the future. Kourany’s vision of philosophy of science’s future as “socially engaged and socially responsible” and addressing questions of the social responsibility of science itself has much to recommend it. I focus the book articulation of an ethical-epistemic (...)
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  36. Allen E. Buchanan (1996). The Controversy Over Retrospective Moral Judgment. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (3):245-250.
    : The mandate of the U.S. Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments required that the Committee take a position on the validity of retrospective moral judgments. However, throughout its period of operation, the Committee remained divided on the question of whether sound judgments of individual culpability and wrongdoing should be included in its Final Report. This essay examines the arguments that various committee members marshalled to support their opposing views on retrospective moral judgment and explains the significance of the controversy.
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  39. Alejandra Carrasco (2000). Harris, George W. Agent-Centered Morality. An Aristotelian Alternative to Kantian Internalism. Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):434-435.
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  40. Charles S. Carver (2001). Depression, Hopelessness, Optimism, and Health. In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. 3516--22.
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  41. D. Cervone & G. V. Caprara (2001). Personality Assessment in NJ Smelser E PB Baltes. In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. 16--11281.
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  42. Daniel Cervone & Ritu Tripathi (2009). The Moral Functioning of the Person as a Whole: On Moral Psychology and Personality Science. In Darcia Narvaez & Daniel Lapsley (eds.), Personality, Identity, and Character. Cambridge University Press. 30--51.
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  43. Louis C. Charland (2009). Reinstating the Passions: Arguments From History of Psychopathology. In Peter Goldie (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion. Oup Oxford.
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  45. W. Claes (2000). Vice-Premiers En Kernkabinetten. Res Publica 1:33-43.
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  46. Stephen R. L. Clark (1988). Value Judgments: How to Reason About Value Judgments. Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 24:173-190.
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  47. Stanley G. Clarke (1990). Laurence Thomas, Living Morally: A Psychology of Moral Character Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 10 (7):288-291.
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  48. Daniel Cohen (2011). Le capitalisme est-il moral ? Revue Internationale de Philosophie 4:33-36.
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  49. J. Coulter (2008). Twenty-Five Theses Against Cognitivism. Theory, Culture and Society 25 (2):19-32.
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