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  1. Mauro Dorato (2015). The Naturalness of the Naturalistic Fallacy and the Ethics of Nanotechnology. In The Role of Technology in Science: Philosophical Perspectives. Springer Netherlands.
    In the first part of this paper, I try to clear the ground from frequent misconceptions about the relationship between fact and value by examining some uses of the adjective “natural” in ethical controversies. Such uses bear evidence to our “natural” tendency to regard nature (considered in a descriptive sense, as the complex of physical and biological regularities) as the source of ethical norms. I then try to account for the origin of this tendency by offering three related explanations, the (...)
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  2. Eva-Maria Engelen, Christian Fleischhack, C. Giovanni Galizia & Katharina Landfester (eds.) (2010). Heureka: Evidenzkriterien in den Wissenschaften. Ein Kompendium für den interdisziplinären Gerauch. Spektrum Springer.
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  3. Steven Ericsson-Zenith (forthcoming). Explaining Experience In Nature: The Foundations Of Logic And Apprehension. Institute for Advanced Science & Engineering.
    At its core this book is concerned with logic and computation with respect to the mathematical characterization of sentient biophysical structure and its behavior. -/- Three related theories are presented: The first of these provides an explanation of how sentient individuals come to be in the world. The second describes how these individuals operate. And the third proposes a method for reasoning about the behavior of individuals in groups. -/- These theories are based upon a new explanation of experience in (...)
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  4. Yiftach J. H. Fehige (2007). The Meaning of the World’s Meaning. [REVIEW] EMBO 8 (5).
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  5. W. Flach (1968). Die Lehre von den Strahlungsgesetzen und das philosophische Problem der wissenschaftstheoretischen Einschätzung der exakten Naturwissenschaft. Kant-Studien 59 (1-4):283-295.
    In der abhandlung wird anhand der lehre von den strahlungsgesetzen von g.Kirchhoff bis m.Planck, Die in dieser hinsicht als paradigmatisch betrachtet wird, Das fundierende methodenkonzept der exakten naturwissenschaft, Als welches sich das konzept der messung erweist, Herausgestellt und auf seine prinzipielle legitimation hin befragt. Dabei werden zunachst, Und zwar in der weise der methodologischen beurteilung der einzelnen schritte in der entwicklung der lehre von den strahlungsgesetzen, Die hauptsatze des methodenkonzepts der messung dargelegt, Dann wird die beziehung zwischen diesem konzept und (...)
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  6. Roman Frigg (2009). A Companionable Coverage of the Philosophy of Science. Metascience 18 (1):139-142.
  7. Daniel Gibson, Benders G., A. Gwynedd, Cynthia Andrews-Pfannkoch, Evgeniya Denisova, Baden-Tillson A., Zaveri Holly, Stockwell Jayshree, B. Timothy, Anushka Brownley, David Thomas, Algire W., A. Mikkel, Chuck Merryman, Lei Young, Vladimir Noskov, Glass N., I. John, J. Craig Venter, Clyde Hutchison, Smith A. & O. Hamilton (2008). Complete Chemical Synthesis, Assembly, and Cloning of a Mycoplasma Genitalium Genome. Science 319 (5867):1215--1220.
    We have synthesized a 582,970-base pair Mycoplasma genitalium genome. This synthetic genome, named M. genitalium JCVI-1.0, contains all the genes of wild-type M. genitalium G37 except MG408, which was disrupted by an antibiotic marker to block pathogenicity and to allow for selection. To identify the genome as synthetic, we inserted "watermarks" at intergenic sites known to tolerate transposon insertions. Overlapping "cassettes" of 5 to 7 kilobases (kb), assembled from chemically synthesized oligonucleotides, were joined by in vitro recombination to produce intermediate (...)
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  8. Juan Gomez (2012). The Progress of Scotland and the Experimental Method. In James Maclaurin (ed.), Rationis Defensor.
    This paper looks into two Scottish Philosophical Societies of the Eighteenth century: The Philosophical Society of Edinburgh, and the Select Society of Edinburgh. I intend to show that they were planned, constructed, and carried out according to the experimental method of natural philosophy, and that it was this factor that enhanced the influence they had in the development of the country. An examination of the minute books, discourses, abstracts and question lists of these societies will provide enough evidence to support (...)
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  9. Julius Guttmann (1928). Geisteswissenschaften und naturwissenschaften. Kant-Studien 33 (1-2):224-229.
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  10. Hermann Haken & Helena Knyazeva (2000). Arbitrariness in Nature: Synergetics and Evolutionary Laws of Prohibition. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 31 (1):57-73.
    The philosophical consequences of synergetics, the interdisciplinary theory of evolution and self-organization of complex systems, are being drawn in the paper. The idea of discreteness of evolutionary paths is in the focus of attention. Although the future is open, and there are many alternative evolutionary paths for complex systems, not any arbitrary (either conceivable or desirable) evolutionary path is feasible in a given system. There are discrete spectra of possible evolutionary paths which are determined exclusively by inner properties of the (...)
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  11. Colin Hales (2009). Dual Aspect Science. Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (2-3):30-73..
    Our chronically impoverished explanatory capacity in respect of P-consciousness is highly suggestive of a problem with science itself, rather than its lack of acquisition of some particular knowledge. The hidden assumption built into science is that science itself is a completed human behaviour. Removal of this assumption is achieved through a simple revision to our science model which is constructed, outlined and named ‘dual aspect science’ (DAS). It is constructed with reference to existing science being ‘single aspect science’. DAS is (...)
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  12. Christine James (2005). Sonar Technology and Shifts in Environmental Ethics. Essays in Philosophy 6 (1).
    The history of sonar technology provides a fascinating case study for philosophers of science. During the first and second World Wars, sonar technology was primarily associated with activity on the part of the sonar technicians and researchers. Usually this activity is concerned with creation of sound waves under water, as in the classic “ping and echo”. The last fifteen years have seen a shift toward passive, ambient noise “acoustic daylight imaging” sonar. Along with this shift a new relationship has begun (...)
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  13. Gerald Keaney (2008). In Defence of Einstein. Crossroads 3 (1):64-68 Free Online.
    I briefly chart the position Einstein came to on nuclear weapons. Then I defend that position against Matchett's idea that Einstein behaved as a pop scientist and intervened ignorantly on an issue of wider concern.
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  14. Marvin E. Kirsh, A Live Wire : Machismo of a Distant Surface.
    The scientific study of socio-cultural phenomenon requires a translocation of topics elaborated from the social perspective of the individual to a rationally ordered rendition of processes suitable for comprehension from a scientific perspective. Scholarly curiosity seeded from exposure in the natural setting to economic, political, socio-cultural, evolutionary, processes dictates that study of the self, should be a science with a necessary place in the body of world literatures; yet it has proven difficult to find a perspective to contain discussions of (...)
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  15. Helena Knyazeva (1999). The Synergetic Principles of Nonlinear Thinking. World Futures 54 (2):163-181.
    In order to develop further the methods of scenario building and to facilitate the paths towards desirable and sustainable futures, we cannot do without a nonlinear evolutionary thinking. The theory of self-organization of complex systems, called also synergetics, is a scientific basis for such a thinking, the main principles of which are under consideration in the paper. Synergetics provides us with the knowledge of constructive principles of coevolution of the complex social systems, coevolution of countries and geopolitical regions being at (...)
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  16. Silver Love & Martha Love (2008). Healing the Trauma of the Body/Mind Split Through Accessing Instinctual Gut Feelings. Somatics Magazine-Journal of the Mind/Body Arts and Sciences (4):40-49.
    For the full text of this article see "Download Options PhiPapers Archive and click Download from Archive" at the bottom of this page. First 500 words of article: To my surprise last spring, an article titled “Gut Almighty”, which briefly explained the latest emotion theories on how intuition comes from the gut, was featured in Psychology Today (Flora, 2007) at the same time that my article on gut instinctual somatic responses and healthy life choices was published in Somatics Spring 07 (...)
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  17. Nicholas Maxwell (2015). How Humanity Might Avoid Devastation. Ethical Record 120 (1):18-23.
    We face grave global problems. One might think universities are doing all they can to help solve these problems. But universities, in successfully pursuing scientific knowledge and technological know-how in a way that is dissociated from a more fundamental concern with problems of living, have actually made possible the genesis of all our current global problems. Modern science and technology have led to modern industry and agriculture, modern medicine and hygiene, modern armaments, which in turn have led to habitat destruction, (...)
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  18. Eduard May (1943). Der gegenstand der naturphilosophie. Kant-Studien 42 (1-2):146.
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  19. Clifford Miller (2014). Medicine is Not Science: Guessing the Future, Predicting the Past. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):865–871.
    Abstract -/- Rationale, aims and objectives: Irregularity limits human ability to know, understand and predict. A better understanding of irregularity may improve the reliability of knowledge. -/- Method: Irregularity and its consequences for knowledge are considered. -/- Results: Reliable predictive empirical knowledge of the physical world has always been obtained by observation of regularities, without needing science or theory. Prediction from observational knowledge can remain reliable despite some theories based on it proving false. A naïve theory of irregularity is outlined. (...)
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  20. Donald W. Miller & Clifford Miller (2005). On Evidence, Medical and Legal. Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons 10 (3):70-75.
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  21. Henning Müller (1959). Theorie und Modell in der naturwissenschaft. Kant-Studien 50 (1-4):5-17.
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  22. Gregor Schiemann (2001). Zum Verhältnis von Common Sense und wissenschaftlichem Naturbegriff. In H. Franz (ed.), Wissensgesellschaft: Transformationen im Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und Alltag.
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  23. Gregor Schiemann (1997). Phänomenologie versus Naturwissenschaft - Zum Verhältnis zweier Erkenntnisarten. In Gregor Schiemann & Gernot Böhme (eds.), Phänomenologie der Natur. Suhrkamp.
    Im letzten Viertel dieses Jahrhunderts mehren sich die Anzeichen für einen wissenschaftstheoretischen Wandlungsprozeß von weitreichender Bedeutung. Zu seinen hervorstechenden Merkmalen gehört die Kritik an den vormals dominierenden Abgrenzungen der naturwissenschaftlichen Erkenntnis gegenüber anderen Erkenntnisformen. Beanstandet wird hauptsächlich die traditionell unzureichende Berücksichtigung der praktischen Dimensionen der Forschung und die bisher einseitige Konzentration auf mathematisch-physikalische Disziplinen. Daß die Naturwissenschaften ihre Fähigkeiten zur Naturbeherrschung und -veränderung bis in unsere Gegenwart hinein unablässig erweitert haben, geht vermutlich nur partiell auf die erfolgreiche Anwendung theoretischer Axiomensysteme (...)
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  24. Gregor Schiemann (1996). Traditionslinien der Naturphilosophie. In Was ist Natur? Klassische Texte zur Naturphilosophie. Deutscher Taschenbuchverlag.
  25. Mark F. Sharlow, The Unfinishable Scroll and Beyond: Mark Sharlow's Blogs, July 2008 to March 2011.
    An archive of Mark Sharlow's two blogs, "The Unfinishable Scroll" and "Religion: the Next Version." Covers Sharlow's views on metaphysics, epistemology, mind, science, religion, and politics. Includes topics and ideas not found in his papers.
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  26. Michael A. Sherbon, Constants of Nature From the Dynamics of Time.
    An archetypal model for the constants of nature is found from the ancient geometry of the the Cosmological Circle and is related to Plato's cosmology, with its dynamics and harmonics of time cycles. The inverse fine-structure constant and the proton-electron mass ratio are calculated, connecting fundamental mathematical constants of geometry with the latest theoretical and experimental values of these physical constants. Continuing in the tradition of George Gamow's suggestion, "Since the works of Sir Arthur Eddington, it has become customary to (...)
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  27. Michael A. Sherbon, Classical Quintessence and the Cosmological Constant.
    From the cosmology of classical quintessence and the Cosmological Circle of ancient geometry, quintessence is calculated as the primary fundamental physical constant. The role of the fine-structure constant in quantum electrodynamics is briefly discussed and the same value for inverse alpha, the inverse fine-structure constant found in previous work, is confirmed. Then the cosmological constant is calculated, confirming a recent theoretical prediction related to the fine-structure constant and the cosmological constant.
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  28. Michael A. Sherbon, Nature's Information and Harmonic Proportion.
    The history of science is polarized by debates over Plato and Aristotle’s holism versus the atomism of Democritus and others. This includes the complementarity of continuous and discrete, one and the many, waves and particles, and analog or digital views of reality. The three-fold method of the Pythagorean paradigm of unity, duality, and harmony enables the calculation of fundamental physical constants required by the forces of nature in the formation of matter; thereby demonstrating Plato’s archetypal viewpoint.
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  29. Douglas M. Stokes (2014). Reimagining the Soul: Afterlife in the Age of Spirit. Dissertation,
    This book explores conceptions of the soul and the afterlife that are consistent with the findings of modern science. It approaches these subjects from many different angles: religious, philosophical, scientific, poetic, humorous, quasi-scientific, and even pseudoscientific (just to be fair). Many possible afterlives are examined, including physical resurrection (whether supernatural, biological, or cybernetic in form), reincarnation, participation in a dream-like world or collective mind, and the persistence of recycling centers of pure consciousness. -/- Philosophical, scientific, and religious doctrines regarding the (...)
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  30. Stephen I. Ternyik, Human Photo-Energetic Transduction.
    A methodical synopsis of photomedicine is given, for a deeper understanding of dis-ease, from the viewpoint of humanistic systems medicine; the physical anthropology of medical photo-physics is elaborated, with special reference to psychophysical circadianity.
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  31. Koshy Tharakan (2008). Science Amidst Religion: The Politics of Knowledge. Current Science 94 (6):714.
  32. Rene von Schomberg (ed.) (2010). Understanding Public Debate on Nanotechnologies. Publications Office of the European Union.
    This book features the contribution of major European research projects on the governance and ethics of Nanotechnology. They focus on the responsible development of nanotechnology and on the understanding of public debate.
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  33. Sascha Vongehr, Supporting Abstract Relational Space-Time as Fundamental Without Doctrinism Against Emergence.
    The present paper aims to contribute to the substantivalism versus relationalism debate and to defend general relativity (GR) against pseudoscientific attacks in a novel, especially inclusive way. This work was initially motivated by the desire to establish the incompatibility of any ether theories with accelerated cosmic expansion and inflation (motto: where would a hypothetical medium supposedly come from so fast?). The failure of this program is of interest for emergent GR concepts in high energy particle physics. However, it becomes increasingly (...)
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