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Subcategories:History/traditions: Naturalism
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  1. S. R. Allen (2009). Every Thing Must Go * by James Ladyman and Don Ross with David Spurrett and John Collier. Analysis 69 (3):565-567.
    Wisely, the authors begin this book by describing it as a polemic. They argue that most contemporary analytic metaphysics is a waste of time and resources since contemporary ‘neo-scholastic’ metaphysical theorizing cannot hope to attain objective truth given its penchant for making a priori claims about the nature of the world which are backed up by appeal to intuition. In engaging in this activity, metaphysicians have, the authors claim, abandoned hope of locating any interesting connection between their metaphysical pronouncements and (...)
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  2. Sophie R. Allen (2004). Disorder at the Border. Philo 7 (2):176-202.
    This paper concerns the conjunction of naturalism---the thesis that the methods of science, and those alone, provide the basic sources of evidence of what there is in the world-with various types of realism. First, I distinguish different forms of naturalist realism on the basis of their ontological commitments in terms of five existential presuppositions about the entities and processes which exist independently of the mind. I then argue that some of these presuppositions are in prima facie conflict with the naturalists’ (...)
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  3. D. Ambrose, The Problem with Realism and Naturalism in Cinema.
    Presentation given at the University of Waikato, New Zealand, as part of the Media Department's research seminar series, March 2014.
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  4. Ameriks (2011). Kant's Idealism on a Moderate Interpretation. In Dennis Schulting & Jacco Verburgt (eds.), Kant's Idealism. New Interpretations of a Controversial Doctrine. Springer.
  5. John Peter Anton (2009). Pragmatism and the Naturalization of Religion. In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
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  6. Ulysses T. Araña (2009). Yes to Realism! No to Non-Naturalism! Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):98.
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  7. Robert Audi (2000). Philosophical Naturalism at the Turn of the Century. Journal of Philosophical Research 25:27-45.
    This paper examines the nature and varieties of philosophical naturalism. A central question it pursues is whether there is any unifying conception of naturalism and, if so, whether it is substantive or methodological. Another question addressed is the extent to which naturalism is motivated by or depends on empiricism. The paper explores the connection between naturalism and scientific method---often taken as central in defining it---and critically discusses naturalistic positions in metaphysics (including philosophical theology), epistemology, and ethics. Given the ambitions of (...)
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  8. R. J. B. (1961). The Quest for Being. Review of Metaphysics 15 (1):192-192.
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  9. Lynne Rudder Baker, Science and the First-Person.
    I want to raise a question for which I have no definitive answer. The question is how to understand first-personal phenomena—phenomena that that can be discerned only from a first-personal point of view. The question stems from reflection on two claims: First, the claim of scientific naturalism that all phenomena can be described and explained by science; and second, the claim of science that everything within its purview is intersubjectively accessible, and hence that all science is constructed exclusively form the (...)
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  10. Lynne Rudder Baker (2011). Does Naturalism Rest on a Mistake. American Philosophical Quarterly 48 (2):161-173.
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  11. Mark Bandas (1992). The Metaphysics of Self and World. Review of Metaphysics 46 (1):142-143.
  12. Carola Barbero, Mario De Caro & Alberto Voltolini (2010). È naturale essere naturalisti? Rivista di Estetica 50 (44):3-6.
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  13. Ansgar Beckermann (2010). Darwin – What If Man is Only an Animal, After All? Dialectica 64 (4):467-482.
    According to Darwin, humans, just like other organisms, are not created by any special act. All organisms arise by natural processes from inanimate matter. Humans are no exception. But can it really be the case that even humans are ‘only’ animals – natural beings which (a) are completely made up of natural parts (in the end, of macro-molecules which themselves consist of atoms), and for which it is (b) true that all processes that occur within them are physico-chemical processes? In (...)
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  14. Matthew S. Bedke (2009). Intuitive Non-Naturalism Meets Cosmic Coincidence. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (2):188-209.
    Having no recourse to ways of knowing about the natural world, ethical non-naturalists are in need of an epistemology that might apply to a normative breed of facts or properties, and intuitionism seems well suited to fill that bill. Here I argue that the metaphysical inspiration for ethical intuitionism undermines that very epistemology, for this pair of views generates what I call the defeater from cosmic coincidence. Unfortunately, we face not a happy union, but a difficult choice: either ethical intuitionism (...)
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  15. Radim Bělohrad (2011). The Is-Ought Problem, the Open Question Argument, and the New Science of Morality. Human Affairs 21 (3):262-271.
    The article deals with a recent attack by Sam Harris on two famous arguments that purport to establish a gap between factual and evaluative statements—Hume’s Is-Ought Problem and Moore’s Open Question Argument. I present the arguments, analyze the relationship between them and critically assess Harris’ attempt to refute them. I conclude that Harris’ attempt fails.
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  16. Roy Bhaskar (1998). The Possibility of Naturalism: A Philosophical Critique of the Contemporary Human Sciences. Routledge.
    Since its original publication in 1979, The Possibility of Naturalism has been one of the most influential works in contemporary philosophy of science and social science. It is a cornerstone of the critical realist position, which is now widely seen as offering a viable alternative to move positivism and postmodernism. This revised edition includes a new foreword.
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  17. Akeel Bilgrami (2010). The Wider Significance of Naturalism : A Genealogical Essay. In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press.
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  18. Carolyn Black (1999). Naturalistic Responses to Skepticism. Grazer Philosophische Studien 57:67-79.
    One of the many philosophical responses to scepticism is naturalism. It is explored how and to what extent it is successful in discussing these questions as they pertain external world scepticism. One interesting feature of naturalism is that it shares with scepticism the view that we lack proof and knowledge of an external world. The naturalist, however, unlike many sceptics and their more traditional disputants, doesn't think it matters. The first part of the paper contains a description of the naturalistic (...)
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  19. Ray Brassier (2008). Nihil Unbound: Naturalism and Anti-Phenomenological Realism. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Where much contemporary philosophy seeks to stave off the "threat" of nihilism by safeguarding the experience of meaning--characterized as the defining feature of human existence--from the Enlightenment logic of disenchantment, this book attempts to push nihilism to its ultimate conclusion by forging a link between revisionary naturalism in Anglo-American philosophy and anti-phenomenological realism in recent French philosophy. Contrary to an emerging "post-analytic" consensus which would bridge the analytic-continental divide by uniting Heidegger and Wittgenstein against the twin perils of scientism and (...)
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  20. Jerzy Breś (2007). Naturalizm Metodologiczny a Koncepcja Immanencji Boga W Przyrodzie: Studium Z Filozofii Boga. Wydawn. Kul.
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  21. Robert Greenleaf Brice & Patrick L. Bourgeois (2012). Naturalism Reconsidered: Wittgenstein and Merleau-Ponty. Philosophy Today 56 (1):78-83.
    While naturalism is used in positive senses by the tradition of analytical philosophy, with Ludwig Wittgenstein its best example, and by the tradition of phenomenology, with Maurice Merleau-Ponty its best exemplar, it also has an extremely negative sense on both of these fronts. Hence, both Merleau-Ponty and Wittgenstein in their basic thrusts adamantly reject reductionistic naturalism. Although Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology rejects the naturalism Husserl rejects, he early on found a place for the “truth of naturalism.” In a parallel way, Wittgenstein accepts (...)
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  22. Ingo Brigandt (2011). Natural Kinds and Concepts: A Pragmatist and Methodologically Naturalistic Account. In Jonathan Knowles & Henrik Rydenfelt (eds.), Pragmatism, Science and Naturalism. Peter Lang Publishing.
    The central aim of this essay is to put forward a notion of naturalism that broadly aligns with pragmatism. I do so by outlining my views on natural kinds and my account of concepts, which I have defended in recent publications (Brigandt 2009, in press-b). Philosophical accounts of both natural kinds and concepts are usually taken to be metaphysical endeavours, which attempt to develop a theory of the nature of natural kinds (as objectively existing entities of the world) or of (...)
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  23. Matthew J. Brown, A Centennial Retrospective of John Dewey's "The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy".
    n 1909, the 50th anniversary of both the publication of Origin of the Species and his own birth, John Dewey published "The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy." This optimistic essay saw Darwin's advance not only as one of empirical or theoretical biology, but a logical and conceptual revolution that would shake every corner of philosophy. Dewey tells us less about the influence that Darwin exerted over philosophy over the past 50 years and instead prophesied the influence it would take in (...)
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  24. Mario Bunge (2009). Advantages and Limits of Naturalism. In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
  25. W. R. Carter (2004). Reflections on Non-Naturalized Necessity. Philo 7 (2):156-162.
    Modal properties are notorious epistemic trouble-makers. That theme is very much at the heart of Michael Rea’s thesis that the Discovery Problem (roughly, the problem of explaining how we know when ascriptions of modal properties are true) has no naturalistic resolution. That might encourage the thought that supernaturalism will somehow resolve the problem. This paper argues that supernaturalism is unlikely to offer a solution of the Discovery Problem.
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  26. Quassim Cassam, Foreword to Strawson's Scepticism and Naturalism: Some Varieties.
    In that book I had two different, though not unrelated aims. The first chapter was concerned with traditional scepticisms about, e.g., the external world and induction. In common with Hume and Wittgenstein (and even Heidegger) I argued that the attempt to combat such doubts by rational argument was misguided: for we are dealing here with the presuppositions, the framework, of all human thought and enquiry. In the other chapters my target was different. It was that species of naturalism which tended (...)
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  27. Stephen R. L. Clark (1984). From Athens to Jerusalem: The Love of Wisdom and the Love of God. Oxford University Press.
  28. Tom Clark, The Commitments of Naturalism – a Dialog.
    As a worldview , naturalism depends on a set of cognitive commitments from which flow certain propositions about reality and human nature. These propositions in turn might have implications for how we live, for social policy, and for human flourishing. But the presuppositions, basis, and implications of naturalism are not uncontested, and indeed there’s considerable debate about them among naturalists themselves.
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  29. Antonella Corradini, Sergio Galvan & E. J. Lowe (eds.) (2005). Analytic Philosophy Without Naturalism. Routledge.
    In recent years numerous attempts have been made by analytic philosophers to naturalize various different domains of philosophical inquiry. All of these attempts have had the common goal of rendering these areas of philosophy amenable to empirical methods, with the intention of securing for them the supposedly objective status and broad intellectual appeal currently associated with such approaches. This volume brings together internationally recognised analytic philosophers, including Alvin Plantinga, Peter van Inwagen and Robert Audi, to question the project of naturalism. (...)
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  30. Robert S. Corrington (1992). Nature and Spirit: An Essay in Ecstatic Naturalism. Fordham University Press.
    Nature and Spirit: An Essay in Ecstatic Naturalism develops an enlarged conception of nature that in turn calls for a transformed naturalism. Unline more descriptive naturalisms, such as those by Dewey, Santayana, and Buchler, ecstatic naturalism works out of the fundamental ontological difference between nature naturing(natura naturans) and nature natured (natura naturata). This difference underlies all other variations within a generic conception of nature. The spirit operates within a generic conception of nature. The spirit operates within a fragmented nature and (...)
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  31. D. F. Cox (2005). Review of Moral Realism: A Defence by R Shafer-Landau. [REVIEW] Philosophical Books 46 (1):92-93.
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  32. William Lane Craig & James Porter Moreland (eds.) (2000/2002). Naturalism: A Critical Analysis. Routledge.
    Craig and Moreland present a rigorous analysis and critique of the major varieties of contemporary philosophical naturalism and advocate that it should be abandoned in light of the serious difficulties raised against it. The contributors draw on a wide range of topics including: epistemology, philosophy of science, value theory to basic analytic ontology, philosophy of mind and agency, and natural theology.
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  33. K. R. D. (1960). Some Dilemmas of Naturalism. Review of Metaphysics 14 (1):170-170.
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  34. Jonathan Dancy (1981). On Moral Properties. Mind 90 (359):367-385.
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  35. Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.) (2004). Naturalism in Question. Harvard University Press.
    This volume presents a group of leading thinkers who criticize scientific naturalism not in the name of some form of supernaturalism, but in order to defend a ...
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  36. Mario de Caro & Alberto Voltolini (2010). Is Liberal Naturalism Possible? In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press. 69-86.
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  37. Mario De Caro & Alberto Voltolini (2010). Il migliore dei naturalismi possibili. Rivista di Estetica 50 (44):157-169.
    In this paper, we first set out three requirements that each e-theory – a theory whose task is to explain data – must fulfill in order to be one such good theory: i) an ontological requirement, i.e. adequate simplicity, ii) a methological requirement, i.e. plurality of research procedures, iii) an epistemological requirement, i.e. compatibility with the best available epistemical procedures. Moreover, we will claim that from the metaphilosophical point of view, unlike scientific naturalism on the one hand and supernaturalism on (...)
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  38. Don Dedrick (1993). The New Naturalism. Metaphilosophy 24 (4):390-399.
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  39. William Ray Dennes (1960/1970). Some Dilemmas of Naturalism. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.
    . ANALYSIS OR METAPHYSICS? No one of my generation who discusses philosophical issues at Columbia University can fail to be reminded (and very vividly ...
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  40. Sinion Derpmann, Dominik Düber, Tim Rojek & Konstantin Schnieder (2013). Can Kitcher Avoid the Naturalistic Fallacy? In Marie Kaiser & Ansgar Seide (eds.), Philip Kitcher. Pragmatic Naturalism. Ontos. 61.
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  41. John Dewey (1927). Half-Hearted Naturalism. Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):57-64.
    I am not equipped with capacities which fit one for the office of a lexicographical autocrat, and I shall make no attempt to tell what naturalism must or should signify. But I may take advantage of the opportunity to say what empirical naturalism, or naturalistic empiricism, means to me. I can not hope to offer anything new, or anything which I have not said many times already. But perhaps by concentrating on this point I may make the tenor of my (...)
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  42. John Dewey, Sidney Hook & Ernest Nagel (1945). Are Naturalists Materialists? Journal of Philosophy 42 (September):515-530.
    Professor [H.W.] Sheldon's critique of contemporary naturalism as professed in the volume Naturalism and the Human Spirit consists of one central "accusation": naturalism is materialism pure and simple. This charge is supported by his further claim that since the scientific method naturalists espouse for acquiring reliable knowledge of nature is incapable of yielding knowledge of the mental or spiritual "nature" for the naturalist is definitionally limited to "physical nature." He therefore concludes that instead of being a philosophy which can settle (...)
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  43. Randall Dipert (2009). Naturalism's Unfinished Project : Making Philosophy and Philosophers More Than Superficially Scientific. In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
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  44. Milos Dokulil (1996). Kritik des Naturalismus. Review of Metaphysics 49 (3):663-664.
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  45. Cian Dorr (2010). Review of James Ladyman and Don Ross, Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
    Ladyman, Ross and their collaborators (Spurrett is a co-author of two chapters, Collier of one) begin their book with a ferocious attack on "analytic metaphysics", as it is currently practiced. Their opening blast claims that contemporary analytic metaphysics 'contributes nothing to human knowledge': its practitioners are 'wasting their talents', and the whole enterprise, although 'engaged in by some extremely intelligent and morally serious people, fails to qualify as part of the enlightened pursuit of objective truth, and should be discontinued' (vii). (...)
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  46. Paul Draper (2005). Review of World Without Design: The Ontological Consequences of Naturalism. [REVIEW] Disputatio 1:179-184.
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  47. Paul Draper (2004). On the Nature of Naturalism. Philo 7 (2):146-155.
    In World Without Design, Michael Rea says that naturalists are disposed to take the methods of science, and those methods alone, as basic sources of evidence. Supernaturalists, he says, share with naturalists the disposition to trust the methods of science in the basic way---that is, in the absence of any epistemic reason to do so. But unlike naturalists, supernaturalists are also disposed to take religious experience as a basic source of evidence. I raise a number of objections to these characterizations (...)
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  48. Billy Dunaway (2014). Supervenience Arguments and Normative Non‐Naturalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (1).
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  49. John Dupre (2010). How to Be Naturalistic Without Being Simplistic in the Study of Human Nature. In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press.
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  50. Abraham Edel (1987). Naturalism and the Concept of Moral Change. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 60 (5):821 - 840.
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