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Subcategories:History/traditions: Naturalism
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  1. John Peter Anton (2009). Pragmatism and the Naturalization of Religion. In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
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  2. Robert Audi (2000). Philosophical Naturalism at the Turn of the Century. Journal of Philosophical Research 25:27-45.
    This paper examines the nature and varieties of philosophical naturalism. A central question it pursues is whether there is any unifying conception of naturalism and, if so, whether it is substantive or methodological. Another question addressed is the extent to which naturalism is motivated by or depends on empiricism. The paper explores the connection between naturalism and scientific method---often taken as central in defining it---and critically discusses naturalistic positions in metaphysics (including philosophical theology), epistemology, and ethics. Given the ambitions of (...)
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  3. Lynne Rudder Baker, Science and the First-Person.
    I want to raise a question for which I have no definitive answer. The question is how to understand first-personal phenomena—phenomena that that can be discerned only from a first-personal point of view. The question stems from reflection on two claims: First, the claim of scientific naturalism that all phenomena can be described and explained by science; and second, the claim of science that everything within its purview is intersubjectively accessible, and hence that all science is constructed exclusively form the (...)
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  4. Lynne Rudder Baker (2011). Does Naturalism Rest on a Mistake. American Philosophical Quarterly 48 (2):161-173.
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  5. Carola Barbero, Mario De Caro & Alberto Voltolini (2010). È naturale essere naturalisti? Rivista di Estetica 50 (44):3-6.
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  6. Ansgar Beckermann (2010). Darwin – What If Man is Only an Animal, After All? Dialectica 64 (4):467-482.
    According to Darwin, humans, just like other organisms, are not created by any special act. All organisms arise by natural processes from inanimate matter. Humans are no exception. But can it really be the case that even humans are ‘only’ animals – natural beings which (a) are completely made up of natural parts (in the end, of macro-molecules which themselves consist of atoms), and for which it is (b) true that all processes that occur within them are physico-chemical processes? In (...)
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  7. Roy Bhaskar (1998). The Possibility of Naturalism: A Philosophical Critique of the Contemporary Human Sciences. Routledge.
    Since its original publication in 1979, The Possibility of Naturalism has been one of the most influential works in contemporary philosophy of science and social science. It is a cornerstone of the critical realist position, which is now widely seen as offering a viable alternative to move positivism and postmodernism. This revised edition includes a new foreword.
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  8. Akeel Bilgrami (2010). The Wider Significance of Naturalism : A Genealogical Essay. In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press.
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  9. Carolyn Black (1999). Naturalistic Responses to Skepticism. Grazer Philosophische Studien 57:67-79.
    One of the many philosophical responses to scepticism is naturalism. It is explored how and to what extent it is successful in discussing these questions as they pertain external world scepticism. One interesting feature of naturalism is that it shares with scepticism the view that we lack proof and knowledge of an external world. The naturalist, however, unlike many sceptics and their more traditional disputants, doesn't think it matters. The first part of the paper contains a description of the naturalistic (...)
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  10. Jerzy Breś (2007). Naturalizm Metodologiczny a Koncepcja Immanencji Boga W Przyrodzie: Studium Z Filozofii Boga. Wydawn. Kul.
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  11. Ingo Brigandt (2011). Natural Kinds and Concepts: A Pragmatist and Methodologically Naturalistic Account. In Jonathan Knowles & Henrik Rydenfelt (eds.), Pragmatism, Science and Naturalism. Peter Lang Publishing.
    The central aim of this essay is to put forward a notion of naturalism that broadly aligns with pragmatism. I do so by outlining my views on natural kinds and my account of concepts, which I have defended in recent publications (Brigandt 2009, in press-b). Philosophical accounts of both natural kinds and concepts are usually taken to be metaphysical endeavours, which attempt to develop a theory of the nature of natural kinds (as objectively existing entities of the world) or of (...)
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  12. Matthew J. Brown, A Centennial Retrospective of John Dewey's "The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy&Quot;.
    n 1909, the 50th anniversary of both the publication of Origin of the Species and his own birth, John Dewey published "The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy." This optimistic essay saw Darwin's advance not only as one of empirical or theoretical biology, but a logical and conceptual revolution that would shake every corner of philosophy. Dewey tells us less about the influence that Darwin exerted over philosophy over the past 50 years and instead prophesied the influence it would (or should) (...)
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  13. Mario Bunge (2009). Advantages and Limits of Naturalism. In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
  14. Quassim Cassam, Foreword to Strawson's Scepticism and Naturalism: Some Varieties.
    In that book I had two different, though not unrelated aims. The first chapter was concerned with traditional scepticisms about, e.g., the external world and induction. In common with Hume and Wittgenstein (and even Heidegger) I argued that the attempt to combat such doubts by rational argument was misguided: for we are dealing here with the presuppositions, the framework, of all human thought and enquiry. In the other chapters my target was different. It was that species of naturalism which tended (...)
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  15. Stephen R. L. Clark (1984). From Athens to Jerusalem: The Love of Wisdom and the Love of God. Oxford University Press.
  16. Antonella Corradini, Sergio Galvan & E. J. Lowe (eds.) (2005). Analytic Philosophy Without Naturalism. Routledge.
    In recent years numerous attempts have been made by analytic philosophers to naturalize various different domains of philosophical inquiry. All of these attempts have had the common goal of rendering these areas of philosophy amenable to empirical methods, with the intention of securing for them the supposedly objective status and broad intellectual appeal currently associated with such approaches. This volume brings together internationally recognised analytic philosophers, including Alvin Plantinga, Peter van Inwagen and Robert Audi, to question the project of naturalism. (...)
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  17. Robert S. Corrington (1992). Nature and Spirit: An Essay in Ecstatic Naturalism. Fordham University Press.
    Nature and Spirit: An Essay in Ecstatic Naturalism develops an enlarged conception of nature that in turn calls for a transformed naturalism. Unline more descriptive naturalisms, such as those by Dewey, Santayana, and Buchler, ecstatic naturalism works out of the fundamental ontological difference between nature naturing(natura naturans) and nature natured (natura naturata). This difference underlies all other variations within a generic conception of nature. The spirit operates within a generic conception of nature. The spirit operates within a fragmented nature and (...)
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  18. William Lane Craig & James Porter Moreland (eds.) (2000/2002). Naturalism: A Critical Analysis. Routledge.
    Craig and Moreland present a rigorous analysis and critique of the major varieties of contemporary philosophical naturalism and advocate that it should be abandoned in light of the serious difficulties raised against it. The contributors draw on a wide range of topics including: epistemology, philosophy of science, value theory to basic analytic ontology, philosophy of mind and agency, and natural theology.
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  19. Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.) (2004). Naturalism in Question. Harvard University Press.
    This volume presents a group of leading thinkers who criticize scientific naturalism not in the name of some form of supernaturalism, but in order to defend a ...
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  20. Mario de Caro & Alberto Voltolini (2010). Is Liberal Naturalism Possible? In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press. 69-86.
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  21. Mario De Caro & Alberto Voltolini (2010). Il migliore dei naturalismi possibili. Rivista di Estetica 50 (44):157-169.
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  22. William Ray Dennes (1960/1970). Some Dilemmas of Naturalism. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.
    . ANALYSIS OR METAPHYSICS? No one of my generation who discusses philosophical issues at Columbia University can fail to be reminded (and very vividly ...
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  23. John Dewey (1927). Half-Hearted Naturalism. Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):57-64.
    I am not equipped with capacities which fit one for the office of a lexicographical autocrat, and I shall make no attempt to tell what naturalism must or should signify. But I may take advantage of the opportunity to say what empirical naturalism, or naturalistic empiricism, means to me. I can not hope to offer anything new, or anything which I have not said many times already. But perhaps by concentrating on this point I may make the tenor of my (...)
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  24. John Dewey, Sidney Hook & Ernest Nagel (1945). Are Naturalists Materialists? Journal of Philosophy 42 (September):515-530.
    Professor [H.W.] Sheldon's critique of contemporary naturalism as professed in the volume Naturalism and the Human Spirit consists of one central "accusation": naturalism is materialism pure and simple. This charge is supported by his further claim that since the scientific method naturalists espouse for acquiring reliable knowledge of nature is incapable of yielding knowledge of the mental or spiritual "nature" for the naturalist is definitionally limited to "physical nature." He therefore concludes that instead of being a philosophy which can settle (...)
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  25. Randall Dipert (2009). Naturalism's Unfinished Project : Making Philosophy and Philosophers More Than Superficially Scientific. In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
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  26. Cian Dorr (2010). Review of James Ladyman and Don Ross, Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (6).
    Ladyman, Ross and their collaborators (Spurrett is a co-author of two chapters, Collier of one) begin their book with a ferocious attack on "analytic metaphysics", as it is currently practiced. Their opening blast claims that contemporary analytic metaphysics 'contributes nothing to human knowledge': its practitioners are 'wasting their talents', and the whole enterprise, although 'engaged in by some extremely intelligent and morally serious people, fails to qualify as part of the enlightened pursuit of objective truth, and should be discontinued' (vii). (...)
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  27. John Dupre (2010). How to Be Naturalistic Without Being Simplistic in the Study of Human Nature. In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press.
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  28. Lilian R. Furst (1971). Naturalism. [London]Methuen.
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  29. Gerd Gigerenzer & Thomas Sturm (2012). How (Far) Can Rationality Be Naturalized? Synthese 187 (1):243-268.
    The paper shows why and how an empirical study of fast-and-frugal heuristics can provide norms of good reasoning, and thus how (and how far) rationality can be naturalized. We explain the heuristics that humans often rely on in solving problems, for example, choosing investment strategies or apartments, placing bets in sports, or making library searches. We then show that heuristics can lead to judgments that are as accurate as or even more accurate than strategies that use more information and computation, (...)
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  30. Peter Godfrey-Smith (2010). Dewey, Continuity, and McDowell. In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press.
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  31. Willystine Goodsell (1910/1972). The Conflict of Naturalism and Humanism. [New York,Ams Press.
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  32. James Gouinlock (2009). The Fecundity of Naturalism : Reflections on Dewey's Methodology. In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
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  33. Tobies Grimaltos & Valeriano Iranzo (2005). Naturalismo, realismo psicológico y justificación. In Tobies Grimaltós & Julián Pacho (eds.), La Naturalización de la Filosofía: Problemas y Límites. Editorial Pre-Textos. 93.
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  34. Tobies Grimaltós & Julián Pacho (eds.) (2005). La Naturalización de la Filosofía: Problemas y Límites. Editorial Pre-Textos.
    En 'La Naturalizacion de la Filosofia' se exploran diversos aspectos de la pretensión naturalista en diferentes campos filosóficos, con sus aciertos y sus limitaciones.
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  35. Adolf Grünbaum (2009). Why is There a Universe at All, Rather Than Just Nothing? In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
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  36. Susan Haack (2007). Naturalism and Nuance : Response to Paul Gross. In Cornelis De Waal (ed.), Susan Haack: A Lady of Distinctions: The Philosopher Responds to Critics. Prometheus Books.
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  37. Stéphane Haber (2006). Critique de L'Antinaturalisme: Études Sur Foucault, Butler, Habermas. Presses Universitaires de France.
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  38. Richard A. S. Hall (2011). Review: H.G. Callaway, Memories and Portraits: Explorations in American Thought. [REVIEW] Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 47 (4):534-537.
    The modus operandi of this book is contextual—throughout he demonstrates how ideas emerge from or are inspired by particular environments. And the need to put philosophical ideas in their larger historical and cultural context so as to fully understand them is, as will be illustrated below, a facet of his philosophical method. Another of its facets is fallibilism, a deep commitment to subjecting all theories and concepts (in any field) to incessant scrutiny, testing, correction, and clarification. This suggests that a (...)
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  39. Gilbert Harman, Naturalism in Moral Philosophy.
    For philosophical naturalism, as I understand it, philosophy is continuous with natural science. It takes the methods of philosophy to be continuous with those of the natural sciences and is sceptical of allegedly apriori intuitions which it claims need to be tested against one’s other beliefs and, ideally, against the world.
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  40. Michael Hicks (2009). Naturalism in Action. Inquiry 52 (6):609-635.
    Can a naturalist earn the right to talk of a shared empirical world? Hume famously thought not, and contemporary stipulative naturalists infer from this inability that the demand is somehow unnatural. The critical naturalist, by contrast, claims to earn that right. In this paper, I motivate critical naturalism, arguing first that stipulative naturalism is question begging, and second, that the pessimism it inherits from Hume about whether the problem can be solved is misplaced. Hume's mistake was to mis-identify exemplary contexts (...)
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  41. Bernulf Kanitscheider (2007). Die Materie Und Ihre Schatten: Naturalistische Wissenschaftsphilosophie. Alibri.
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  42. Geert Keil (2008). Naturalism. In Dermot Moran (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Routledge.
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  43. Erin I. Kelly & Lionel K. McPherson (2010). The Naturalist Gap in Ethics. In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press.
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  44. Kevin Kelly, Naturalism Logicized.
    The approach to scientific methodology developed in my recent book The Logic of Reliable Inquiry (LRI) shares many general features with that summarized in Larry Laudan’s concurrently published collection of papers Beyond Positivism and Relativism (BPR). Nonetheless, this fact might not be apparent, as my own work emphasizes mathematical theorems, whereas Laudan’s draws primarily upon historiography. It is, therefore, of some interest to discuss the extent of the agreement and the significance of the differences. More generally, the discussion will (I) (...)
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  45. Jaegwon Kim (1997). Moral Kinds and Natural Kinds: What's the Difference: For a Naturalist? Philosophical Issues 8:293-301.
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  46. Jonathan Knowles & Henrik Rydenfelt (eds.) (forthcoming). Pragmatism, Science and Naturalism. Peter Lang Publishing.
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  47. Adam Konopka (2008). A Renewal of Husserl's Critique of Naturalism. Environmental Philosophy 5 (1):37-59.
    This essay argues that phenomenology is uniquely suited to critique naturalism without lapsing into a romantic, anti-scientific, or dystopian view of modern science. This argument situates Husserl’s retrieval of the environmental relation in the Vienna Lecture between two alternative tendencies in contemporary ecological phenomenology: 1) the rejection of or indifference to the positive sciences, and 2) the adoption of naturalism in phenomenological methodology. On the one hand, the claim is that the phenomenological return to the environment should not imply a (...)
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  48. Hilary Kornblith (1994). Naturalism: Both Metaphysical and Epistemological. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):39-52.
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  49. Paul Kurtz (2009). Eupraxsophy and Naturalism. In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
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  50. John Lachs (2009). Primitive Naturalism. In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
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