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Siblings:History/traditions: Negation
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  1. F. J. Adelmann (1972). Another Negation of Negation. Studies in East European Thought 12 (3):270-281.
    In discussing questions of free will, Soviet philosophers fail to distinguish conditions from causes. This makes them unable to understand the very opponents they like to criticize.
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  2. Ignacio Angelelli (1983). Logical Negation. Review of Metaphysics 36 (4):925-926.
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  3. Leó Apostel (1973). Negation. Leuven,Nauwelaerts.
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  4. Jay David Atlas (1980). A Note on a Confusion of Pragmatic and Semantic Aspects of Negation. Linguistics and Philosophy 3 (3):411 - 414.
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  5. Arnon Avron (2005). A Non-Deterministic View on Non-Classical Negations. Studia Logica 80 (2-3):159 - 194.
    We investigate two large families of logics, differing from each other by the treatment of negation. The logics in one of them are obtained from the positive fragment of classical logic (with or without a propositional constant ff for “the false”) by adding various standard Gentzen-type rules for negation. The logics in the other family are similarly obtained from LJ+, the positive fragment of intuitionistic logic (again, with or without ff). For all the systems, we provide simple semantics which is (...)
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  6. A. J. Ayer (1952). Negation. Journal of Philosophy 49 (26):797-815.
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  7. Archie J. Bahm (1961). Meanings of Negation. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (2):179-184.
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  8. Jon Barwise (1991). Review: Laurence R. Horn, A Natural History of Negation. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1103-1104.
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  9. Michael Beeson, Robert Veroff & Larry Wos (2005). Double-Negation Elimination in Some Propositional Logics. Studia Logica 80 (2-3):195 - 234.
    This article answers two questions (posed in the literature), each concerning the guaranteed existence of proofs free of double negation. A proof is free of double negation if none of its deduced steps contains a term of the formn(n(t)) for some term t, where n denotes negation. The first question asks for conditions on the hypotheses that, if satisfied, guarantee the existence of a double-negation-free proof when the conclusion is free of double negation. The second question asks about the existence (...)
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  10. Filippo Beghelli & Tim Stowell (1997). Distributivity and Negation: The Syntax of Each and Every. In Anna Szabolcsi (ed.), Ways of Scope Taking. Kluwer. 71--107.
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  11. W. Russell Belding (1971). Intuitionistic Negation. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 12 (2):183-187.
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  12. Jean-Yves Béziau (1994). Théorie Legislative de la Négation Pure. Logique Et Analyse 147 (148):209-225.
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  13. Diane Blakemore (1989). Denial and Contrast: A Relevance Theoretic Analysis of But. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 12 (1):15 - 37.
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  14. Robyn Carston, Metalinguistic Negation and Echoic Use.
    What I hope to achieve in this paper is some rather deeper understanding of the semantic and pragmatic properties of utterances which are said to involve the phenomenon of metalinguistic negation[FN1]. According to Laurence Horn, who has been primarily responsible for drawing our attention to it, this is a special non-truthfunctional use of the negation operator, which can be glossed as 'I object to U' where U is a linguistic utterance. This is to be distinguished from descriptive truthfunctional negation which (...)
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  15. Robyn Carston (1998). Negation, `Presupposition' and the Semantics/ Pragmatics Distinction. Journal of Linguistics 34:309-350.
    A cognitive pragmatic approach is taken to some long-standing problem cases of negation, the so-called presupposition denial cases. It is argued that a full account of the processes and levels of representation involved in their interpretation typically requires the sequential pragmatic derivation of two different propositions expressed. The first is one in which the presupposition is preserved and, following the rejection of this, the second involves the echoic (metalinguistic) use of material falling in the scope of the negation. The semantic (...)
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  16. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2000). True and False: An Exchange. In André Chapuis & Anil Gupta (eds.), Circularity, Definition, and Truth. Indian Council of Philosophical Research. 365-370.
    Classically, truth and falsehood are opposite, and so are logical truth and logical falsehood. In this paper we imagine a situation in which the opposition is so pervasive in the language we use as to threaten the very possibility of telling truth from falsehood. The example exploits a suggestion of Ramsey’s to the effect that negation can be expressed simply by writing the negated sentence upside down. The difference between ‘p’ and ‘~~p’ disappears, the principle of double negation becomes trivial, (...)
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  17. Romane Clark (1953). More on Negation. Philosophical Studies 4 (6):81 - 87.
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  18. Roy T. Cook & Jon Cogburn (2000). What Negation is Not: Intuitionism and ‘0&Equals;1’. Analysis 60 (265):5-12.
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  19. Stephen Crain, Children's Command of Negation.
    Poverty -of-stimulus arguments have taken new ground recently, augmented by experimental findings from th e study of child language. In this paper, we briefly review two variants of the poverty-of-stimulus argument that have received empirical support from studies of child language; then we examine a third argument of this kind in more detail. The case under discussion involves the structural notion of c-command as it pertains to children’s interpretation of disjunction in the scope of negation.
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  20. Daniel Dahlstrom (2010). Negation and Being. Review of Metaphysics 64 (2):247-271.
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  21. Rick Dale & Nicholas D. Duran (2011). The Cognitive Dynamics of Negated Sentence Verification. Cognitive Science 35 (5):983-996.
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  22. Charles B. Daniels (1990). A Note on Negation. Erkenntnis 32 (3):423 - 429.
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  23. Adhar Chandra Das (1942). Negative Fact, Negation and Truth. [Calcutta]University of Calcutta.
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  24. Johan J. de Iongh, H. C. M. de Swart & L. J. M. Bergman (eds.) (1995). Perspectives on Negation: Essays in Honour of Johan J. De Iongh on His 80th Birthday. Tilburg University Press.
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  25. Michael De (2013). Empirical Negation. Acta Analytica 28 (1):49-69.
    An extension of intuitionism to empirical discourse, a project most seriously taken up by Dummett and Tennant, requires an empirical negation whose strength lies somewhere between classical negation (‘It is unwarranted that. . . ’) and intuitionistic negation (‘It is refutable that. . . ’). I put forward one plausible candidate that compares favorably to some others that have been propounded in the literature. A tableau calculus is presented and shown to be strongly complete.
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  26. George Englebretsen (1981). Logical Negation. Van Gorcum.
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  27. J. E. Fenstad (1989). The Justification of Negation as Failure. In Jens Erik Fenstad, Ivan Timofeevich Frolov & Risto Hilpinen (eds.), Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science Viii: Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science, Moscow, 1987. Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier Science.
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  28. Egbert Fortuin (2014). Deconstructing a Verbal Illusion: The 'No X is Too Y to Z' Construction and the Rhetoric of Negation. Cognitive Linguistics 25 (2):249-292.
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  29. Amy Franklin & Anastasia Giannakidou (2011). Negation, Questions, and Structure Building in a Homesign System. Cognition 118 (3):398-416.
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  30. Joseph S. Fulda (2005). A Pragmatic, Truth-Functional Solution to a Logical Difficulty with Biconditionals Absent in Conditionals. Journal of Pragmatics 37 (9/12):1419-1425/2120.
    Solves what is sometimes, but not always, referred to as the third paradox of material implication. Readers downloading this piece should please also download the corrigendum. Note that "pragmatic" is here used in its original sense of context-sensitive, that is, adjacency. (This comment is made in response to an article in a student journal published in the western U.S. which claimed that I said that because something involves translation it must be pragmatic; that is so, in the original sense; only (...)
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  31. Richard Gale (1976). Problems of Negation and Nonbeing,'. American Philosophical Quarterly Monograph 10:1-116.
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  32. Richard M. Gale (1976). Negation and Non-Being. Blackwell.
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  33. Vibha Gaur (1990). The Navya-Nyāya Logic: With Special Reference to Raghunātha and Mathurānātha. Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan.
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  34. Stamatios Gerogiorgakis (2012). Privations, Negations and the Square: Basic Elements of a Logic of Privations. In Jean-Yves Beziau & Dale Jacquette (eds.), Around and beyond the Square of Opposition. Birkhäuser-Springer. 229--239.
    I try to explain the difference between three kinds of negation: external negation, negation of the predicate and privation. Further I use polygons of opposition as heuristic devices to show that a logic which contains all three mentioned kinds of negation must be a fragment of a Łukasiewicz-four-valued predicate logic. I show, further, that, this analysis can be elaborated so as to comprise additional kinds of privation. This would increase the truth-values in question and bring fragments of (more generally speaking) (...)
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  35. Anastasia Giannakidou, UNTIL, Aspect, and Negation: A Novel Argument for Two Untils.
    The puzzle of English until is well-known. Karttunen 1974 argues that until is ambiguous between a durative and a punctual negative polarity (NPI) meaning. Mittwoch 1977 claims that there is no ambiguity and that the two meanings are due to scope differences: NPI-until is in fact until above negation. Mittwoch’s account relies crucially on the assumption that negation is an aspectual operator that ‘stativizes’ verb meanings (a position recently argued for in de Swart 1996, and de Swart and Molendijk 1999; (...)
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  36. Anastasia Giannakidou, On Metalinguistic Comparatives and Negation in Greek.
    In this paper, we identify a paradigm of metalinguistic comparatives in Greek headed by the preposition para. Para clauses are lexically distinct from other comparatives clauses in Greek (headed by apo, apoti). Building on earlier intuitions, we propose a semantics of metalinguistic MORE as a contrast between two propositions in terms of how appropriate of preferred they are by some individual. Syntactically, metalinguistic comparison appears to behave like a co-ordinate structure with ellipsis in the para-clause. Our account is extended to (...)
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  37. Jeremy Gilbert (2009). Paolo Virno, Multitude: Between Innovation and Negation. Radical Philosophy 154:62.
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  38. Michael Glanzberg (2009). Descriptions, Negation, and Focus. In Robert Stainton & Christopher Viger (eds.), Compositionality, Context, and Semantic Values: Essays in Honor of Ernie Lepore. Springer.
    One of the mainstays of the theory of definite descriptions since Russell (1905) has been their interaction with negation. In particular, Russellians, who advocate the view that definite descriptions are a kind of quantifier, point to these interactions as evidence in favor of the their view. The argument runs roughly as follows.
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  39. B. S. Gower (1971). Conditionals. Mind 80 (319):418-420.
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  40. P. J. H. (1968). The Navya-Nyäya Doctrine of Negation. Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):149-149.
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  41. Jonathan Harrison (1974). Mr. Gower on Conditionals. Mind 83 (329):103-105.
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  42. Jonathan Harrison (1968). Unfulfilled Conditionals and the Truth of Their Constituents. Mind 77 (307):372-382.
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  43. Marjorie Hass (2000). Negation and Difference. Philosophy Today 44 (9999):112-118.
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  44. F. H. Heinemann (1943). The Meaning of Negation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 44:127 - 152.
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  45. Jaakko Hintikka (2002). Negation in Logic and in Natural Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (5-6):585-600.
    In game-theoretical semantics, perfectlyclassical rules yield a strong negation thatviolates tertium non datur when informationalindependence is allowed. Contradictorynegation can be introduced only by a metalogicalstipulation, not by game rules. Accordingly, it mayoccur (without further stipulations) onlysentence-initially. The resulting logic (extendedindependence-friendly logic) explains several regularitiesin natural languages, e.g., why contradictory negation is abarrier to anaphase. In natural language, contradictory negationsometimes occurs nevertheless witin the scope of aquantifier. Such sentences require a secondary interpretationresembling the so-called substitutionalinterpretation of quantifiers.This interpretation is sometimes impossible,and (...)
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  46. Marco Hollenberg (1997). An Equational Axiomatization of Dynamic Negation and Relational Composition. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 6 (4):381-401.
    We consider algebras on binary relations with two main operators: relational composition and dynamic negation. Relational composition has its standard interpretation, while dynamic negation is an operator familiar to students of Dynamic Predicate Logic (DPL) (Groenendijk and Stokhof, 1991): given a relation R its dynamic negation R is a test that contains precisely those pairs (s,s) for which s is not in the domain of R. These two operators comprise precisely the propositional part of DPL.This paper contains a finite equational (...)
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  47. Laurence Horn (1989). A Natural History of Negation. University of Chicago Press.
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  48. Lloyd Humberstone (2008). Contrariety and Subcontrariety: The Anatomy of Negation (with Special Reference to an Example of J.-Y. Béziau). Theoria 71 (3):241-262.
    We discuss aspects of the logic of negation bearing on an issue raised by Jean-Yves Béziau, recalled in §1. Contrary- and subcontrary-forming operators are introduced in §2, which examines some of their logical behaviour, leading on naturally to a consideration in §3 of dual intuitionistic negation (as well as implication), and some further operators related to intuitionistic negation. In §4, a historical explanation is suggested as to why some of these negation-related connectives have attracted more attention than others. The remaining (...)
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  49. R. H. K. (1962). Negation Und Andersheit. Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):524-524.
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  50. Karl-Heinz Krampitz (1997). Negation Und Negative Existenzaussagen. In Julian Nida-Rümelin & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen 2, Volume I: Logic, Epistemology, Philosophy of Science. De Gruyter. 109-115.
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