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Normative Ethics

Edited by Jussi Suikkanen (University of Birmingham)
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  1. added 2015-04-01
    Christine Tappolet (forthcoming). La vertu. In Emma Dayer-Tieffenbach & Julien Deonna (eds.), Dictionnaire des valeurs. Edition d’Ithaque.
    I argue on the basis of a discussion of Aristotelian and Humean accounts of virtue that virtue is fundamentally a disposition to undergo appropriate emotions.
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  2. added 2015-03-31
    Motsamai Molefe, African Ethics and Partiality.
    This article explores the debate between partiality and impartiality from an African perspective. I take one influential instance of a defence of impartiality in the African tradition, ‘sympathetic impartiality’, by Kwasi Wiredu, as a foil to represent African ethics. I argue that impartiality fails to cohere with three centrally defining features of African moral thought: the high regard attributed to the family, the veneration of ancestors and the notion of personhood. I merely highlight the first two aspects of African thought; (...)
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  3. added 2015-03-31
    Motsamai Molefe, A Critique of Kwasi Wiredu's Moral Theory.
    This article critically engages with Kwasi Wiredu’s moral theory. I observe that major criticisms of this moral theory have not sufficiently addressed two aspects of it. Firstly, they have not exhaustively problematized Wiredu’s ‘welfarism’ – the claim that morality is definable purely in terms of welfare. In this regard, it is not clear what Wiredu and much of the African literature might mean by ‘welfare’, I give some account of this. Secondly, Wiredu’s ethical principle of sympathetic impartiality (golden rule) appears (...)
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  4. added 2015-03-31
    Christiane Bailey (2014). Le double sens de la communauté morale : la considérabilité morale et l’agentivité morale des autres animaux. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 9 (3):31-67.
    Christiane Bailey | : Distinguant deux sens de « communauté morale », cet article soutient que certains animaux appartiennent à la communauté morale dans les deux sens : ils sont des patients moraux dignes de considération morale directe et équivalente, mais également des agents moraux au sens où ils sont capables de reconnaître, d’assumer et d’adresser aux autres des exigences minimales de bonne conduite et de savoir-vivre. Au moyen de la notion d’« attitudes réactives » développée par Peter F. Strawson, (...)
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  5. added 2015-03-31
    Motsamai Molefe (ed.) (2013). Critical Reflections on Gyekye's Humanism: Defending Supernaturalism. Lexington Books.
    This chapter evaluates Kwame Gyekye's argument for rejecting ethical supernaturalism in the African moral tradition (Gyekye, 2010). In this chapter, I reject Gyekye's argument for two major reasons. Firstly, I observe that Gyekye's argument is incompatible with much of African thought which is holistic, where the spiritual and physical are part of the same reality. Secondly, I criticise Gyekye for rejecting an African spiritual meta-ethics. I observe that his treatment of African meta-ethics leans heavily on Western moral theory of the (...)
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  6. added 2015-03-30
    Sergio Tenenbaum (2015). Moral Faith and Moral Reason. In Sophie-Grace Chappell (ed.), Intuition, Theory, Anti-Theory in Ethics. 76-103.
    Robert Adams argues that often our moral commitment outstrips what we are epistemically entitled to believe; in these cases, the virtuous agent doxastic states are instances of “moral faith”. I argue against Adams’ views on the need for moral faith; at least in some cases, our moral “intuitions” provide us with certain moral knowledge. The appearance that there can be no certainty here is the result of dubious views about second-order or indirect doubts. Nonetheless, discussing the phenomena that lead Adams (...)
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  7. added 2015-03-30
    Yong Li (2013). Hao, Changchi 郝長墀, Politics and Persons 政治與人. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 12 (3):407-410.
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  8. added 2015-03-29
    Jay Odenbaugh (forthcoming). Nothing in Ethics Makes Sense Except in the Light of Evolution? Natural Goodness, Normativity, and Naturalism. Synthese:1-25.
    Foot , Hursthouse , and Thompson , along with other philosophers, have argued for a metaethical position, the natural goodness approach, that claims moral judgments are, or are on a par with, teleological claims made in the biological sciences. Specifically, an organism’s flourishing is characterized by how well they function as specified by the species to which they belong. In this essay, I first sketch the Neo-Aristotelian natural goodness approach. Second, I argue that critics who claim that this sort of (...)
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  9. added 2015-03-29
    Daan Evers (forthcoming). Street on Evolution and the Normativity of Epistemic Reasons. Synthese:1-14.
    Sharon Street (2009) argues that realism about epistemic normativity is false. Realists believe there are truths about epistemic reasons that hold independently of the agent's (or anyone else's) attitudes. Street argues by dilemma. Either the realist accepts a certain account of the nature of belief, or she does not. If she does, then she cannot consistently accept realism. If she does not, then she has no scientifically credible explanation of the fact that our epistemic behaviours or beliefs about epistemic reasons (...)
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  10. added 2015-03-29
    Roberta L. Millstein (forthcoming). Re-Examining the Darwinian Basis for Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic. Ethics, Policy and Environment.
    Many philosophers have become familiar with Leopold’s land ethic through the writings of J. Baird Callicott, who claims that Leopold bases his land ethic on a “protosociobiological” argument that Darwin gives in the Descent of Man. On this view, which has become the canonical interpretation, Leopold’s land ethic is based on extending our moral sentiments to ecosystems. I argue that the evidence weighs in favor of an alternative interpretation of Leopold; his reference to Darwin does not refer to the Descent, (...)
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  11. added 2015-03-29
    Yong Li (forthcoming). Adaptationism and Early Confucian Moral Psychology. Asian Philosophy:1-13.
    Ryan Nichols in his recent article ‘A genealogy of early Confucian moral psychology’ argues that the discussion of Confucius and Mencius on moral emotions can be provided an evolutionary analysis. Nichols’ argument is based on the evolutionary value of kin-relations and the origin of emotions toward kin in human society. In this article I argue that Nichols’ argument is flawed because he endorses an adaptationist program of human moral psychology. The adaptationists treat kin-relations and our emotions toward kin as a (...)
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  12. added 2015-03-29
    Andreas L. Mogensen (forthcoming). Evolutionary Debunking Arguments and the Proximate/Ultimate Distinction. Analysis:anv013.
    Many philosophers believe that natural selection explanations debunk our moral beliefs or would do so if moral realism were true, relying on the assumption that explanations of this kind show that moral facts play no role in explaining human moral beliefs. Here I argue that this assumption rests on a confusion of proximate and ultimate explanatory factors. Insofar as evolutionary debunking arguments hinge on the assumption that moral facts play no role in explaining human moral beliefs, these arguments fall short.
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  13. added 2015-03-29
    J. Arthur, T. Harrison, D. Carr, K. Kristjánsson, I. Davidson, D. Hayes & J. Higgins, Knightly Virtues : Enhancing Virtue Literacy Through Stories : Research Report.
    There is a growing consensus in Britain on the importance of character, and on the belief that the virtues that contribute to good character are part of the solution to many of the challenges facing modern society. Parents, teachers and schools understand the need to teach basic moral virtues to pupils, such as honesty, self-control, fairness, and respect, while fostering behaviour associated with such virtues today. However, until recently, the materials required to help deliver this ambition have been missing in (...)
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  14. added 2015-03-29
    Dustin Locke (2014). Darwinian Normative Skepticism. In Michael Bergmann & Patrick Kain (eds.), Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution. Oxford University Press.
    Sharon Street (2006) has argued that, given certain plausible evolutionary considerations, normative realism leads to normative skepticism. Street calls this ‘the Darwinian dilemma’. This paper considers the two most popular responses to the Darwinian dilemma and argues that both are problematic. According to the naturalist response, the evolutionary account of our normative dispositions reveals that there was selection for normative dispositions that were reliable with respect to normative truth. According to the minimalist response, the evolutionary account reveals that there was (...)
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  15. added 2015-03-29
    Andreas Lech Mogensen, Krister Bykvist & John Hawthorne, Evolutionary Debunking Arguments in Ethics.
    I consider whether evolutionary explanations can debunk our moral beliefs. Most contemporary discussion in this area is centred on the question of whether debunking implications follow from our ability to explain elements of human morality in terms of natural selection, given that there has been no selection for true moral beliefs. By considering the most prominent arguments in the literature today, I offer reasons to think that debunking arguments of this kind fail. However, I argue that a successful evolutionary debunking (...)
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  16. added 2015-03-29
    J. Arthur, T. Harrison, K. Kristjánsson, I. Davidson, D. Hayes & J. Higgins, My Character: Enhancing Future Mindedness in Young People: A Feasibility Study.
    The aim of the My Character project was to develop a better understanding of how interventions designed to develop character might enhance moral formation and futuremindedness in young people. Futuremindedness can be defined as an individual’s capacity to set goals and make plans to achieve them. Establishing goals requires considerable moral reflection, and the achievement of worthwhile aims requires character traits such as courage and the capacity to delay gratification. The research team developed two new educational interventions – a website (...)
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  17. added 2015-03-29
    Diego Machuca (2008). Richard Joyce, The Evolution of Morality. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 28:343-346.
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  18. added 2015-03-29
    Stephen R. Brown (2003). Naturalized Virtue Ethics. Dissertation, The University of Oklahoma
    I defend a neo-Aristotelian ethical theory I call "naturalized virtue ethics," or NVE. This is a naturalistic, teleological theory. Human beings are a species of social animal for whom there is a characteristic form of life. An individual human being may be evaluated as a good or bad specimen according to how well that individual realizes the human form of life. To be a good human being, one must possess those traits of character that reliably enable one to achieve the (...)
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  19. added 2015-03-29
    Zachary J. Ernst (2002). Evolutionary Game Theory and the Origins of Fairness Norms. Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
    In numerous studies, experimental economists have documented the fact that people tend to propose that divisible goods be divided equally. It has often been proposed, most notably by the sociobiologists, that this tendency may have a biological basis, and might be the product of evolution and natural selection. ;My dissertation addresses methodological and philosophical problems that arise in the course of establishing this naturalistic claim. Specifically, the focus of this dissertation is on the project of using evolutionary game theory to (...)
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  20. added 2015-03-29
    J. Carl Ficarrotta (2001). The Leader's Imperative Ethics, Integrity, and Responsibility. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  21. added 2015-03-29
    Hélène Cixous, Jacques Derrida, Geoffrey Bennington & Ernest Pignon Ernest (2001). Veils. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  22. added 2015-03-29
    Luce Irigaray & Kirsteen Anderson (2000). Democracy Begins with Two. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  23. added 2015-03-29
    Barbara Caine & Moira Gatens (1998). Australian Feminism a Companion. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  24. added 2015-03-29
    John Howard Yoder (1997). For the Nations Essays Evangelical and Public. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  25. added 2015-03-29
    Sue Wilkinson & Celia Kitzinger (1994). Women and Health Feminist Perspectives. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  26. added 2015-03-29
    Kevin T. Kelly (1992). New Directions in Moral Theology the Challenge of Being Human. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  27. added 2015-03-29
    James B. Brady & Newton Garver (1991). Justice, Law, and Violence. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  28. added 2015-03-29
    Robin Gill (1990). New Directions in Christian Ethics. University of London.
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  29. added 2015-03-29
    Enrique D. Dussel & Robert R. Barr (1988). Ethics and Community. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  30. added 2015-03-29
    Eve Brook & Ann Davis (1985). Women, the Family, and Social Work. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  31. added 2015-03-29
    Raya Dunayevskaya (1985). Women's Liberation and the Dialectics of Revolution: Reaching for the Future a 35-Year Collection of Essays - Historic, Philosophic, Global. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  32. added 2015-03-29
    L. J. Splitter (1985). URPHY, J. G.: "Evolution, Morality, and the Meaning of Life". [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 63:115.
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  33. added 2015-03-29
    Joseph Buijs (1984). Jeffrie G. Murphy, Evolution, Morality, and the Meaning of Life. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 4:168-170.
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  34. added 2015-03-29
    Arthur L. Caplan & Bruce Jennings (1984). Darwin, Marx, and Freud Their Influence on Moral Theory. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  35. added 2015-03-29
    Nicholas Wolterstorff (1983). Until Justice and Peace Embrace the Kuyper Lectures for 1981 Delivered at the Free University of Amsterdam. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  36. added 2015-03-29
    Vladimir Jankélévitch (1983). Le Sérieux de L'Intention. Flammion.
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  37. added 2015-03-29
    Michael E. Zimmerman (1982). Eclipse of the Self the Development of Heidegger's Concept of Authenticity /Michael E. Zimmerman. --. --. Ohio University Press,, C1981 1982.
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  38. added 2015-03-29
    G. F. Woods (1966). A Defence of Theological Ethics Hulsean Lectures, 1964. Cambridge University Press.
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  39. added 2015-03-29
    W. H. Thorpe (1965). Science, Man and Morals. Methuen.
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  40. added 2015-03-29
    Michael V. Murray (1963). Problems in Conduct. Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
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  41. added 2015-03-29
    Charles E. Raven (1961). St. Paul and the Gospel of Jesus a Study of the Basis of Christian Ethics. Scm.
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  42. added 2015-03-29
    Thomas Wood (1961). Some Moral Problems. S.P.C.K.
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  43. added 2015-03-29
    Paul B. Smith (1957). Naked Truth. Marshall, Morgan & Scott.
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  44. added 2015-03-29
    S. L. Frank (1949). Svet Vo T Me Opyt Khristianskoi Etiki I Sotsial Noi Filosofii. Ymca-Press.
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  45. added 2015-03-29
    Beck Beck (1946). Quillian's The Moral Theory of Evolutionary Naturalism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 7:179.
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  46. added 2015-03-29
    C. S. Lewis (1945). Hovory. Nakladatelství "Nová Evropa".
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  47. added 2015-03-29
    A. A. Milne (1928). The Ascent of Man. E. Benn.
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  48. added 2015-03-29
    Edmond Holmes (1927). Self-Realization the End, the Arm, and the Way of Life. Constable.
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  49. added 2015-03-29
    Thomas Browne, Samuel Johnson & S. C. Roberts (1927). Sir Thomas Browne's Christian Morals with the Life of the Author. Cambridge University Press.
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  50. added 2015-03-29
    Ralph Tyler Flewelling (1926). Creative Personality a Study in Philosophical Reconciliation. Rider & Co.
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1 — 50 / 385