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Normative Ethics

Edited by Jussi Suikkanen (University of Birmingham)
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  1. added 2016-07-27
    Michael R. Kelly (2016). Phenomenological Distinctions: Two Types of Envy and Their Difference From Covetousness. In J. Aaron Simmons & J. Edward Hackett (eds.), Phenomenology for the Twenty-first Century. Palgrave Macmillan
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  2. added 2016-07-27
    Michael R. Kelly (2016). Envy and Ressentiment, a Difference in Kind: A Critique and Renewal of Scheler's Phenomenological Account - See More At: Http://Www.Bloomsbury.Com/Us/Early-Phenomenology-9781474276047/#Sthash.jLOTi3Tn.Dpuf. In Brian Harding & Michael Kelly (eds.), Early Phenomenology. Bloomsbury
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  3. added 2016-07-27
    James Jardine (2015). Husserl and Stein on the Phenomenology of Empathy: Perception and Explication. Synthesis Philosophica 29 (2).
    Within the phenomenological tradition, one frequently finds the bold claim that interpersonal understanding is rooted in a sui generis form of intentional experience, most commonly labeled empathy (Einfühlung). The following paper explores this claim, emphasizing its distinctive character, and examining the phenomenological considerations offered in its defense by two of its main proponents, Edmund Husserl and Edith Stein. After offering in section 2 some preliminary indications of how empathy should be understood, I then turn to some characterizations of its distinctive (...)
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  4. added 2016-07-27
    Michael R. Kelly (2013). A Reading of Two Sources of Morality and Religion, or Bergsonian Wisdom, Emotion, and Integrity. In P. Adroin, S. Gontarski & L. Pattison (eds.), Understanding Bergson, Understanding Modernism. Bloomsbury
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  5. added 2016-07-26
    Eden Lin (2016). How to Use the Experience Machine. Utilitas 28 (3):314-332.
    The experience machine was traditionally thought to refute hedonism about welfare. In recent years, however, the tide has turned: many philosophers have argued not merely that the experience machine doesn't rule out hedonism, but that it doesn't count against it at all. I argue for a moderate position between those two extremes: although the experience machine doesn't decisively rule out hedonism, it provides us with some reason to reject it. I also argue for a particular way of using the experience (...)
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  6. added 2016-07-26
    Amy L. McKiernan (2016). Standing Conditions and Blame. Southwest Philosophy Review 32 (1):145-151.
    In “The Standing to Blame: A Critique” (2013), Macalester Bell challenges theories that claim that ‘standing’ plays a central role in blaming practices. These standard accounts posit that it is not enough for the target of blame to be blameworthy; the blamer also must have the proper standing to blame the wrongdoer. Bell identifies and criticizes four different standing conditions, (1) the Business Condition, (2) the Contemporary Condition, (3) the Nonhypocricy Condition, and (4) the Noncomplicity Condition. According to standard accounts, (...)
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  7. added 2016-07-26
    Nathaniel Sharadin (2016). Fairness and the Strengths of Agents’ Claims. Utilitas 28 (3):347-360.
    John Broome has proposed a theory of fairness according to which fairness requires that agents’ claims to goods be satisfied in proportion to the relative strength of those claims. In the case of competing claims for a single indivisible good, Broome argues that what fairness requires is the use of a weighted lottery as a surrogate to satisfying the competing claims: the relative chance of each claimant's winning the lottery should be set to the relative strength of each claimant's claim. (...)
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  8. added 2016-07-26
    Miles Tucker (2016). Two Kinds of Value Pluralism. Utilitas 28 (3):333-346.
    I argue that there are two distinct views called in contemporary axiology, but that these positions have not been properly distinguished. The first kind of pluralism, weak pluralism, is the view philosophers have in mind when they say that there are many things that are valuable. It is also the kind of pluralism that philosophers like Moore, Brentano and Chisholm were interested in. The second kind of pluralism, strong pluralism, is the view philosophers have in mind when they say there (...)
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  9. added 2016-07-26
    Mauro Rossi (2016). Value and Preference Relations: Are They Symmetric? Utilitas 28 (3):239-253.
    According to Wlodek Rabinowicz's fitting-attitude analysis of comparative value, it is possible to analyse both standard and non-standard value relations in terms of the standard preference relations and two levels of normativity. In a recent article, however, Johan Gustafsson has argued that Rabinowicz's analysis violates a principle of valuepreference symmetry or he cannot make conceptual room for multiple permissible preferences.
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  10. added 2016-07-25
    Erick Ramirez (forthcoming). Neurosurgery for Psychopaths? The Problems of Empathy and Neurodiversity. American Journal of Bioethics: Ajob.
    I argue that deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a bad approach for incarcerated psychopaths for two reasons. First, given what we know about psychopathy, empathy, and DBS, it is unlikely to function as an effective treatment for the moral problems that characterize psychopathy. Second, considerations of neurodiversity speak against seeing psychopathy as a mental illness in the first place.
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  11. added 2016-07-25
    Daniel Kelly & Nicolae Morar (forthcoming). I Eat, Therefore I Am: Disgust and the Intersection of Food and Identity. In The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics. Oxford University Press
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  12. added 2016-07-25
    Erman Kaplama (2016). Heraclitean Critique of Kantian and Enlightenment Ethics Through the Fijian Ethos. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 12 (1):143-165.
    Kant makes a much-unexpected confession in a much-unexpected place. In the Criticism of the third paralogism of transcendental psychology of the first Critique Kant accepts the irrefutability of the Heraclitean notion of universal becoming or the transitory nature of all things, admitting the impossibility of positing a totally persistent and self-conscious subject. The major Heraclitean doctrine of panta rhei makes it impossible to conduct philosophical inquiry by assuming a self-conscious subject or “I,” which would potentially be in constant motion like (...)
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  13. added 2016-07-20
    Nate Jackson (2016). Moral Particularism and the Role of Imaginary Cases: A Pragmatist Approach. European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 8 (1):237-259.
    I argue that John Dewey’s analysis of imagination enables an account of learning from imaginary cases consistent with Jonathan Dancy’s moral particularism. Moreover, this account provides a more robust account of learning from cases than Dancy’s own. Particularism is the position that there are no, or at most few, true moral principles, and that competent reasoning and judgment do not require them. On a particularist framework, one cannot infer from an imaginary case that because a feature has a particular moral (...)
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  14. added 2016-07-19
    Jussi Suikkanen (2016). Review of Errol Lord and Barry Maguire's (Eds.) Weighing Reasons. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2016 (7).
    This is a short review of a collection of articles entitled Weighing Reasons edited by Errol Lord and Barry Maguire.
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  15. added 2016-07-17
    John Danaher (forthcoming). Why Internal Moral Enhancement Might Be Politically Better Than External Moral Enhancement. Neuroethics.
    Technology could be used to improve morality but it could do so in different ways. Some technologies could augment and enhance moral behaviour externally by using external cues and signals to push and pull us towards morally appropriate behaviours. Other technologies could enhance moral behaviour internally by directly altering the way in which the brain captures and processes morally salient information or initiates moral action. The question is whether there is any reason to prefer one method over the other? In (...)
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  16. added 2016-07-15
    Sabine Roeser & Cain Todd (eds.) (2014). Emotion and Value. Oxford University Press Uk.
    This volume brings together new work by leading philosophers on the topics of emotion and value, and explores issues at their intersection. Recent work in philosophy and psychology has had important implications for topics such as the role that emotions play in practical rationality and moral psychology, the connection between imagination and emotion in the appreciation of fiction, and more generally with the ability of emotions to discern axiological saliences and to ground the objectivity of ethical or aesthetic value judgements. (...)
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  17. added 2016-07-14
    John-Michael Kuczynski (2016). Emotivism. JOHN-MICHAEL KUCZYNSKI.
    Emotivism is the doctrine that ethical beliefs are nothing more than projections of emotion. In this concise study, it is shown that emotions themselves embody ethical beliefs and that, for that reason, emotivism implicitly presupposes the truth of a non-emotivism conception of ethical truth and therefore fails.
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  18. added 2016-07-14
    Nate Jackson (2016). John Dewey and the Possibility of Particularist Moral Education. Southwest Philosophy Review 32 (1):215-224.
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  19. added 2016-07-11
    Stephen C. Sanders, Applying the Social Contract Theory in Opposing Animal Rights.
  20. added 2016-07-11
    Christian Piller (forthcoming). ‘How to Overstretch the Ethics-Epistemology Analogy: Berker’s Critique of Epistemic Consequentialism’. In Martin Grajner (ed.), Epistemic Reasons, Epistemic Norms, and Epistemic Goals. De Gruyter 305-319.
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  21. added 2016-07-11
    Christian Piller (2015). What Is Goodness Good For? In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Vol 4. 179-209.
  22. added 2016-07-11
    Kiyoung Kim (2014). Human Rights: Are They Just a Tweak for the Policy Makers or Administrators? EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH 2 (6):7760-7783.
    The human rights often are cited as an ultimate goal for the discipline of social science. It guides the UN in the pursuit of its organizational mission, and the civil democratic government generally endorses this paradigm of state rule as supreme. Nonetheless, it seems a mishap if the human rights are thought to be valued only in the courtroom or police office. They are the kind of ubiquitous concept that we could share and must share, who would be the scientists (...)
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  23. added 2016-07-11
    Kiyoung Kim (2014). Theories and Tenets: An Impalpable Troll for the Policy Makers, Research Officers and Administrators? International Journal of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Studies 1 (8):30-50.
    Now we live in the age of professionalism, and the public office in any nation is some reservoir of intelligent competition in their specific field. They are the leaders and paragon of community as a loyal and professional fiduciary. A hybrid nature of officers creates the rules and exercises their professional knowledge to serve a public good. The not unusual word,“scholar practitioner” may reflect the tendency of learning community within the business and government officers. They wish to overcome a bum (...)
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  24. added 2016-07-11
    Christian Piller (2003). The New Realism in Ethics. In Thomas Baldwin (ed.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy 1870-1945. 377-388.
  25. added 2016-07-10
    Hobuss João (2011). Ética das Virtudes. Editora UFSC.
    Uma ética centrada nas virtudes é incontornável na discussão moral dos dias atuais. Tendo em vista esta observação, o presente volume buscará oferecer uma série de discussões que possibilitem vislumbrar seus principais conceitos, suas noções fundamentais, bem como teorias alternativas da virtude que possam acrescentar elementos à discussão que encontraremos a seguir.
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  26. added 2016-07-09
    Robert Cowan (2016). C.D. Broad on Moral Sense Theories in Ethics. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Virtual Issue: Methods of Ethics (3):168-183.
    C.D. Broad’s Reflections stands out as one of the few serious examinations of Moral Sense Theory in twentieth century analytic philosophy. It also constitutes an excellent discussion of the interconnections that allegedly exist between questions concerning what Broad calls the ‘logical analysis’ of moral judgments and questions about their epistemology. In this paper I make three points concerning the interconnectedness of the analytical and epistemological elements of versions of Moral Sense Theory. First, I make a general point about Broad’s association (...)
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  27. added 2016-07-09
    Stephen Ingram (2016). Moral Perception_, _written by Robert Audi. Journal of Moral Philosophy 13 (3):377-380.
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  28. added 2016-07-09
    Robert Audi (2010). I—Robert Audi: Moral Perception and Moral Knowledge. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 84 (1):79-97.
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  29. added 2016-07-07
    Annabelle Lever (forthcoming). Race and Racial Profiling. In Naomi Zack (ed.), Oxford HANDBOOK OF PHILOSOPHY OF RACE.
    Philosophical reflection on racial profiling tends to take one of two forms. The first sees it as an example of ‘statistical discrimination,’ (SD), raising the question of when, if ever, probabilistic generalisations about group behaviour or characteristics can be used to judge particular individuals.(Applbaum 2014; Harcourt 2004; Hellman, 2014; Risse and Zeckhauser 2004; Risse 2007; Lippert-Rasmussen 2006; Lippert-Rasmussen 2007; Lippert-Rasmussen 2014) . This approach treats racial profiling as one example amongst many others of a general problem in egalitarian political philosophy, (...)
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  30. added 2016-07-07
    Annabelle Lever (2016). Must We Vote for the Common Good? In Trerise (ed.), Political Ethics.
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  31. added 2016-07-07
    Annabelle Lever (2015). Democracy and Epistemology; a Reply to Talisse. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (1):74-81.
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  32. added 2016-07-07
    Annabelle Lever (2015). Democratic Equality and Freedom of Religion. Ethical Perspectives 5 (3).
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  33. added 2016-07-07
    Kiyoung Kim (2014). The Leadership of Korean Universities: A Case Study. Science Journal of Business and Management 2 (2):50-66.
    In the contemporary context of business and management, the leadership studies are considered as one of essential genre to allow sight of the holistic picture of the organizational performance. The general theory of leadership studies has given us a scope of elements involving the nature of leadership, and a body of research work contributed to elicit and deal with the factors significant to determine the effect of leadership, e.g, LMX (Leader and manager exchange).The participatory leadership and diversity or democracy in (...)
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  34. added 2016-07-07
    Kiyoung Kim (2014). A Promenade on the Ethics and Ethical Decision. International Journal of Advanced Research 2 (10):15-23.
    The studies of ethics had long been under-dealt although it is the kind of primary in sustaining a civility. It is hardly deniable that the concept of efficiency and productivity has hailed on the mindedness and interest of academic community. The narrative of ethics or social justice would be ridiculed as the kind of Greek juggle on philosophy or put to be on neglect for its lacking or default on the modern disciplinary frame in the academics. A cure, however, seems (...)
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  35. added 2016-07-06
    Sven Nyholm & Jilles Smids (forthcoming). The Ethics of Accident-Algorithms for Self-Driving Cars: An Applied Trolley Problem? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.
    Self-driving cars hold out the promise of being safer than manually driven cars. Yet they cannot be a 100% safe. Collisions are sometimes unavoidable. So self-driving cars need to be programmed for how they should respond to scenarios where collisions are highly likely or unavoidable. The accident-scenarios self-driving cars might face have recently been likened to the key examples and dilemmas associated with the trolley problem. In this article, we critically examine this tempting analogy. We identify three important ways in (...)
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  36. added 2016-07-05
    Julia Nefsky (2015). Fairness, Participation, and the Real Problem of Collective Harm. Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics 5:245-271.
  37. added 2016-07-04
    Nicholas Smyth (forthcoming). The Function of Morality. Philosophical Studies.
    What is the function of morality? On this question, something approaching a consensus has recently emerged. Impressed by developments in evolutionary theory, many philosophers now tell us that the function of morality is to reduce social tensions, and to thereby enable a society to efficiently promote the well-being of its members. In this paper, I subject this consensus to rigorous scrutiny, arguing that the functional hypothesis in question is not well supported. In particular, I attack the supposed evidential relation between (...)
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  38. added 2016-07-04
    Molly Gardner (2016). F. M. Kamm, The Trolley Problem Mysteries. [REVIEW] Ethics 126 (4).
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  39. added 2016-07-04
    Paul McNamara (2011). Praise, Blame, Obligation, and DWE: Toward a Framework for Classical Supererogation and Kin. Journal of Applied Logic 9 (2):153-170.
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  40. added 2016-07-04
    Marcia Baron (1987). Kantian Ethics and Supererogation. Journal of Philosophy 84 (5):237.
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  41. added 2016-07-04
    Gregory W. Trianosky (1986). Supererogation, Wrongdoing, and Vice. Journal of Philosophy 83 (1):26-40.
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  42. added 2016-07-02
    Tomasz Żuradzki (2016). Meta-Reasoning in Making Moral Decisions Under Normative Uncertainty. In Dima Mohammed & Marcin Lewiński (eds.), Argumentation and Reasoned Action. College Publications 1093-1104.
    I analyze recent discussions about making moral decisions under normative uncertainty. I discuss whether this kind of uncertainty should have practical consequences for decisions and whether there are reliable methods of reasoning that deal with the possibility that we are wrong about some moral issues. I defend a limited use of the decision theory model of reasoning in cases of normative uncertainty.
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  43. added 2016-07-02
    Michael Huemer (2016). A Liberal Realist Answer to Debunking Skeptics: The Empirical Case for Realism. Philosophical Studies 173 (7):1983-2010.
    Debunking skeptics claim that our moral beliefs are formed by processes unsuited to identifying objective facts, such as emotions inculcated by our genes and culture; therefore, they say, even if there are objective moral facts, we probably don’t know them. I argue that the debunking skeptics cannot explain the pervasive trend toward liberalization of values over human history, and that the best explanation is the realist’s: humanity is becoming increasingly liberal because liberalism is the objectively correct moral stance.
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  44. added 2016-07-02
    Max Barkhausen (2016). Reductionist Moral Realism and the Contingency of Moral Evolution. Ethics 126 (3):662-689.
    Reductionist forms of moral realism, such as naturalist realism, are often thought immune to epistemological objections that have been raised against nonnaturalist realism in the form of reliability worries or evolutionary debunking arguments. This article establishes that reductionist realist views can only explain the reliability of our moral beliefs at the cost of incurring repugnant first-order conclusions.
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  45. added 2016-07-02
    Jihan Lyou (2009). The Significance and Limits of the Evolutionary Justification for Morality. Journal of Ethics 1 (72):103-129.
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  46. added 2016-07-02
    Michael Stingl (2000). All the Monkeys Aren't in the Zoo: Evolutionary Ethics and the Possibility of Moral Knowledge. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (sup1):245-265.
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  47. added 2016-07-01
    Thaddeus Metz (2016). Climate Change in Africa and the Middle East in Light of Health and Salient Regional Values. South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 9 (2).
    Reprint of a chapter initially published in _Bioethical Insights into Values and Policy: Climate Change and Health_ (2016).
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  48. added 2016-06-30
    Mathew A. Foust (2016). Review of Stephen C. Angle and Michael Slote, Virtue Ethics and Confucianism. [REVIEW] Sungkyun Journal of East Asian Studies 16 (1):130-133.
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  49. added 2016-06-30
    Gustav Alexandrie (2015). Recension av Ann Heberlein, Etik: människa, moral, mening. [REVIEW] Filosofisk Tidskrift 36 (1):43-48.
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  50. added 2016-06-29
    Nikil Mukerji (forthcoming). The Case Against Consequentialism Reconsidered. Springer.
    This book argues that critics of consequentialism have not been able to make a successful and comprehensive case against all versions of consequentialism because they have been using the wrong methodology. This methodology relies on the crucial assumption that consequentialist theories share a defining characteristic. This text interprets consequentialism, instead, as a family resemblance term. On that basis, it argues quite an ambitions claim, viz. that all versions of consequentialism should be rejected, including those that have been created in response (...)
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