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  1. Hugh Chandler, Augustine's Argument for the Existence of God.
    Roughly speaking, Augustine claims that ‘Immutable Truth’ is superior to the human mind and, consequently a legitimate candidate for the role of God. Clearly there is such a thing as Immutable Truth. So either that is God, or there is something superior to Immutable Truth, and that superior thing is God. I spell out this argument, and offer some objections to it.
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  2. Hugh Chandler, The Monologion Argument for the Existence and Supremacy of God.
    In the first two chapters of the Monologion Anselm shows, or tries to show that “Of all the things that exist, there is one that is the best, greatest and supreme.” In this paper I examine his argument.
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  3. Michael E. Cuffaro (2012). Kant and Frege on Existence and the Ontological Argument. History of Philosophy Quarterly 29 (4):337-354.
    I argue that Kant's and Frege's refutations of the ontological argument are more similar than has generally been acknowledged. As I clarify, for both Kant and Frege, to say that something exists is to assert of a concept that it is instantiated. With such an assertion one expresses that there is a particular relation between the instantiating object and a rational subject - a particular mode of presentation for the object in question. By its very nature such a relation cannot (...)
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  4. Hector Ferreiro (2012). El argumento ontológico y la muerte de la metafísica. Dos visiones complementarias: Kant y Hegel. Veritas 57 (3):99-120.
    The core of Kant’s criticism of the ontological argument is the thesis that existence is not a real predicate capable of being added to the concept of an object. The concept of the most perfect or the most real being is a subjective content that is as such completely determined, that is to say, that already has all the determinations that define that concept as such. Therefore, to know if that object also exists in the real world is indispensable that (...)
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  5. Philippe Gagnon (2012). Raymond Ruyer, la Biologie Et la Théologie Naturelle [Raymond Ruyer, Biology, and Natural Theology]. In Ronny Desmet & Michel Weber (eds.), Chromatikon VIII: Annales de la philosophie en procès — Yearbook of Philosophy in Process. Éditions Chromatika.
    This is the outline: Introduction : le praticien d’une science-philosophie; Épiphénoménisme retourné et subjectivité délocalisée; Dieu est-il jamais inféré par la science ?; La question du panthéisme; Le pilotage axiologique et la parabole mécaniste; L'unité domaniale comme ce qui reste en dehors de la science.
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  6. Kevin J. Harrelson (2013). Ontological Proofs Today. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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  7. Ludger Honnefelder, Rega Wood & Mechthild Dreyer (eds.) (1996). John Duns Scotus: Metaphysics and Ethics. E.J. Brill.
  8. Srećko Kovač (2003). Some Weakened Gödelian Ontological Systems. Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (6):565-588.
    We describe a K B Gödelian ontological system, and some other weak systems, in a fully formal way using theory of types and natural deduction, and present a completeness proof in its main and specific parts. We technically and philosophically analyze and comment on the systems (mainly with respect to the relativism of values) and include a sketch of some connected aspects of Gidel's relation to Kant.
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  9. Gareth B. Matthews (2004). The Ontological Argument. In William Mann (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Religion. Blackwell Pub..
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  10. Jason Megill (2012). Two Ontological Arguments for the Existence of an Omniscient Being. In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag. 50--77.
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  11. Jason Megill & Amy Reagor (2012). A Model Theistic Argument. In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag. 50--89.
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  12. T. L. Miethe (forthcoming). The Ontological Argument: A Research Bibliography. Modern Schoolman.
    Within the past two decades or so there has been a gradual renewal of interest in metaphysics in general and in the theistic arguments in particular. "the ontological argument: a research bibliography," is the most comprehensive bibliography ever done on this argument for god's existence, with over 330 items listed. the article is divided into the following categories: general histories of the argument; the argument in anselm; in the middle ages after anselm; from descartes to kant; in continental philosophy; in (...)
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  13. Carlos Arboleda Mora (2014). Richard Kearney y la cuarta reducción fenomenológica. Escritos 22 (49):313-335.
    Richard Kearney is one of the phenomenologists of the new generation who follows the lead of Husserl, Heidegger, Marion and Lévinas. This Catholic and Irish philosopher proposes a fourth phenomenological reduction, i.e., going back to the eschaton which is entrenched in everyday existence: finding the voice and the face of the higher within the lower. It is like the realization of the following heideggerian idea which is found in “The Thing”: “Only what conjoins itself out of the world becomes a (...)
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  14. Wesley Morriston (1985). Is God “Significantly Free?”. Faith and Philosophy 2 (3):257-264.
    In an impressive series of books and articles, Alvin Plantinga has developed challenging new versions of two much discussed pieces of philosophical theology: the free will defense and the ontological argument.' His treatment of both subjects has provoked a tremendous amount of critical comment. What has not been generally noticed', however, is that when taken together, Plantinga's views on these two subjects lead to a very serious problem in philosophical theology. The premises of his version of the ontological argument, when (...)
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  15. Michael Nelson, Existence. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  16. Timothy O'Connor (1995). From First Efficient Cause to God: Scotus on the Identification Stage of the Cosmological Argument. In L. Honnefelder, R. Wood & M. Dreyer (eds.), John Duns Scotus: Metaphysics and Ethics. E.J.Brill.
  17. T. Parent, On the PROVER9 Ontological Argument.
    Oppenheimer & Zalta have re-devised their non-modal version of the ontological argument, with the help of their impressive automated reasoning engine, PROVER9. The authors end up rejecting the new argument; however, the theist has a rejoinder worth considering. But after presenting this rejoinder, I highlight that the conceivability of the being does not imply its possibility. One lesson is that even non-modal ontological arguments must engage modal matters concerning God. Another lesson is that if PROVER9 derives a conclusion from fewer (...)
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  18. T. Parent, The Modal Ontological Argument Meets Modal Fictionalism.
    This paper attacks the modal ontological argument, as advocated by Plantinga among others. Whereas other criticisms in the literature reject one of its premises, the present line is that the argument is invalid. This becomes apparent once we run the argument assuming fictionalism about possible worlds. Broadly speaking, the problem is that if one defines “x” as something that exists, it does not follow that there is anything satisfying the definition. Yet unlike non-modal ontological arguments, the modal argument commits this (...)
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  19. Woosuk Park (2003). On the Motivations of Goedel's Ontological Proof. Modern Schoolman 80 (2):144-153.
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  20. Alvin Plantinga (1992). The Nature of Necessity. Clarendon Press.
    This book, one of the first full-length studies of the modalities to emerge from the debate to which Saul Kripke, David Lewis, Ruth Marcus, and others are contributing, is an exploration and defense of the notion of modality de re, the idea that objects have both essential and accidental properties. Plantinga develops his argument by means of the notion of possible worlds and ranges over such key problems as the nature of essence, transworld identity, negative existential propositions, and the existence (...)
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  21. James F. Ross (1962). Does 'X is Possible' Ever Yield 'X Exists? Theoria 28 (2):173-195.
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  22. James F. Ross (1961). God and "Logical Necessity". Philosophical Quarterly 11 (42):22-27.
  23. Gilbert Ryle (1935). Mr. Collingwood and the Ontological Argument. Mind 44 (174):137-151.
  24. Jim Stone (1989). Anselm's Proof. Philosophical Studies 57 (1):79 - 94.
  25. Gian Michele Tortolone (1990). La trattazione dell'argomento ontologico nel carteggio Leibniz-Jaquelot (1702-1704). Filosofia 41 (1):89-101.
  26. John Turri (2011). A New And Improved Argument For A Necessary Being. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (2):357–359.
    I suggest two improvements to Joshua Rasmussen’s intriguing recent argument that a causally powerful being necessarily exists.
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  27. Peter van Inwagen (1977). Ontological Arguments. Noûs 11 (4):375-395.
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  28. Mark Zelcer (2003). A Flow-Chart Approach to the Ontological Argument. APA Newsletter on Teaching Philosophy 2 (2):232-233.
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