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  1. added 2015-05-23
    Colbey (2015). Anxiety Disorder Treatment Centers. Journal of Social Philosophy 1.
    Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental health conditions. Although they are less visible than schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder, they can be just as disabling. The diagnoses of anxiety disorders are being continuously revised.
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  2. added 2015-05-23
    Gilbert E. Plumer (2000). A Review of the LSAT Using Literature on Legal Reasoning. Law School Admission Council Computerized Testing Report 97 (8):1-19.
    Research using current literature on legal reasoning was conducted with the goals of (a) determining what skills are most important in good legal reasoning according to such literature, (b) determining the extent to which existing Law School Admission Test item types and subtypes are designed to assess those skills, and (c) suggesting test specifications or new or refined item types and formats that could be developed in the future to assess any important skills that appear [by (a) and (b)] to (...)
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  3. added 2015-05-22
    Ravinder Kumar Singh, Raval’s Method a Simplified Approach to Propositional Logic Arguments.
    Basic Argument forms Modus Ponens , Modus Tollens , Hypothetical Syllogism and Dilemma contains ‘If –then’ conditions. Conclusions from the Arguments containing ‘If –then’ conditions can be deduced very easily without any significant memorization by applying Raval’s method. Method: In Raval’s method If P then Q is written as P (2$) – Q (1$) and viewed numerically, in currency form i.e. P is viewed as 2$ and Q is viewed as 1$ and implications from this notations are valid conclusions. If (...)
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  4. added 2015-05-21
    Ágnes Kapitány & Gábor Kapitány (2015). The Semiotic Dimensions of Vertical Social Classification. Semiotica 2015 (205):243-260.
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  5. added 2015-05-21
    Yair Neuman, Yochai Cohen & Dan Assaf (2015). How Do We Understand the Meaning of Connotations? A Cognitive Computational Model. Semiotica 2015 (205):1-16.
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  6. added 2015-05-21
    Matthew Archer (2015). Benjamin in China, or the Silk Market Project: On the Changing Nature of the Commodity. Semiotica 2015 (205):17-35.
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  7. added 2015-05-21
    Vern S. Poythress (2015). Semiotic Analysis of the Observer in Relativity, Quantum Mechanics, and a Possible Theory of Everything. Semiotica 2015 (205):149-167.
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  8. added 2015-05-21
    Laura R. Oswald (2015). The Structural Semiotics Paradigm for Marketing Research: Theory, Methodology, and Case Analysis. Semiotica 2015 (205):115-148.
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  9. added 2015-05-21
    Inna Semetsky (2015). The Edusemiotics of Tarot: Recovering the Lost Feminine. Semiotica 2015 (205):95-114.
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  10. added 2015-05-21
    Einav Argaman (2015). Signaling Equality: On Humor and Other Semiotic Resources That Serve Disagreement and Display Horizontal Hierarchy. Semiotica 2015 (205):169-190.
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  11. added 2015-05-21
    Jonathan Ilan (2015). Over a Dead Body: International Coverage of Grief. Semiotica 2015 (205):229-242.
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  12. added 2015-05-21
    Kathrine Colyn (2015). SKY Help and Support. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 1.
    sky broken, sky not working, sky help, sky tv help, sky broadband help, sky talk help, sky account help, sky go help, sky on demand broken, my sky bill’s not right, complain to sky, contact Sky, sky service status.
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  13. added 2015-05-21
    Sergey G. Proskurin (2015). Semiotics and Writing Systems. Semiotica 2015 (205):261-276.
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  14. added 2015-05-21
    Elizabeth Zauderer (2015). Is a Rose is a Rose is a Rose? Appropriating Polysemy in Film: The Case of Rose Imagery in American Beauty. Semiotica 2015 (205):191-205.
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  15. added 2015-05-21
    Baranna Baker (2015). Signs of Probability: A Semiotic Perspective on the Heisenberg Principle. Semiotica 2015 (205):87-93.
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  16. added 2015-05-21
    Dinda L. Gorlée (2015). From Words and Sentences to Interjections: The Anatomy of Exclamations in Peirce and Wittgenstein. Semiotica 2015 (205):37-86.
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  17. added 2015-05-21
    Marcus Lepesqueur (2015). Schémas des interactions sémiotiques dans la construction du sens délirant. Semiotica 2015 (205):207-228.
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  18. added 2015-05-21
    Elizabeth A. L. Stine‐Morrow (2015). Commentary on Mata and von Helversen: Foraging Theory as a Paradigm Shift for Cognitive Aging. Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2).
    Mata and von Helversen's integrative review of adult age differences in search performance makes a good case that cognitive control may impact certain aspects of self-regulation of search. However, information foraging as a framework also offers an avenue to consider how adults of different ages adapt to age-related changes in cognition, such as in cognitive control.
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  19. added 2015-05-21
    John White (2014). Who Needs Examinations? A Story of Climbing Ladders and Dodging Snakes. Institute of Education Press.
    This short book is an interdisciplinary critique of conventional school examinations for older secondary students. -/- Chapter 1 is about their multiple shortcomings. -/- Chapter 2 asks why they have existed for so long, given that their deficiencies have been well-known for a century and more. It suggests that one factor in the UK has been their value to upper echelons of society as stepping stones to interesting careers; and documents attempts since 1900 to prevent other parts of society from (...)
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  20. added 2015-05-20
    Marco Mazzone (2015). Constructing the Context Through Goals and Schemata: Top-Down Processes in Comprehension and Beyond. Frontiers in Psychology 1 (13).
    My main purpose here is to provide an account of context selection in utterance understanding in terms of the role played by schemata and goals in top-down processing. The general idea is that information is organized hierarchically, with items iteratively organized in chunks—here called “schemata”—at multiple levels, so that the activation of any items spreads to schemata that are the most accessible due to previous experience. The activation of a schema, in turn, activates its other components, so as to predict (...)
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  21. added 2015-05-20
    Jessie Chin, Brennan R. Payne, Wai‐Tat Fu, Daniel G. Morrow & Elizabeth A. L. Stine‐Morrow (2015). Information Foraging Across the Life Span: Search and Switch in Unknown Patches. Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):n/a-n/a.
    In this study, we used a word search puzzle paradigm to investigate age differences in the rate of information gain and the cues used to make patch-departure decisions in information foraging. The likelihood of patch departure increased as the profitability of the patch decreased generally. Both younger and older adults persisted past the point of optimality as defined by the marginal value theorem , which assumes perfect knowledge of the foraging ecology. Nevertheless, there was evidence that adults were rational in (...)
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  22. added 2015-05-19
    Simon M. Reader (2015). Causes of Individual Differences in Animal Exploration and Search. Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2).
    Numerous studies have documented individual differences in exploratory tendencies and other phenomena related to search, and these differences have been linked to fitness. Here, I discuss the origins of these differences, focusing on how experience shapes animal search and exploration. The origin of individual differences will also depend upon the alternatives to exploration that are available. Given that search and exploration frequently carry significant costs, we might expect individuals to utilize cues indicating the potential net payoffs of exploration versus the (...)
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  23. added 2015-05-19
    Riccardo Fusaroli & Kristian Tylén (2015). Investigating Conversational Dynamics: Interactive Alignment, Interpersonal Synergy, and Collective Task Performance. Cognitive Science 39 (4).
    This study investigates interpersonal processes underlying dialog by comparing two approaches, interactive alignment and interpersonal synergy, and assesses how they predict collective performance in a joint task. While the interactive alignment approach highlights imitative patterns between interlocutors, the synergy approach points to structural organization at the level of the interaction—such as complementary patterns straddling speech turns and interlocutors. We develop a general, quantitative method to assess lexical, prosodic, and speech/pause patterns related to the two approaches and their impact on collective (...)
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  24. added 2015-05-19
    Viatcheslav Vetrov (2012). Zur Dekonstruktion des Un/Gesunden in philologischen Taxonomien: westlich-chinesischer Renaissance-Diskurs. Oriens Extremus 51:231-268.
  25. added 2015-05-19
    Viatcheslav Vetrov (2012). Erwin Ritter von Zach, Gesammelte Rezensionen. Bochumer Jahrbuch Zur Ostasienforschung 36:278-284.
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  26. added 2015-05-18
    Robert Böhm, Hannes Rusch & Özgür Gürerk (2015). What Makes People Go to War? Defensive Intentions Motivate Retaliatory and Preemptive Intergroup Aggression. MPRA Papers 64373.
    Although humans qualify as one of the most cooperative animal species, the scale of violent intergroup conflict among them is unparalleled. Explanations of the underlying motivation to participate in an intergroup conflict, however, remain unsatisfactory. While previous research shows that intergroup conflict increases ‘in-group love’, it fails to identify robust triggers of ‘out-group hate’. Here, we present a controlled laboratory experiment, which demonstrates that ‘out-group hate’ can be provoked systematically. We find direct and causal evidence that the intention to protect (...)
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  27. added 2015-05-17
    Thomas D. Senor (2015). Still More Advice to Christian Philosophers. Logoi 2:06-08.
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  28. added 2015-05-17
    Simone Aurora (2012). Deleuze, Guattari e le macchine semiotiche. Janus. Quaderni Del Circolo Glossematico 10:141-157.
  29. added 2015-05-16
    Jeff Kochan (2015). Objective Styles in Northern Field Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 52:1-12.
    Social studies of science have often treated natural field sites as extensions of the laboratory. But this overlooks the unique specificities of field sites. While lab sites are usually private spaces with carefully controlled borders, field sites are more typically public spaces with fluid boundaries and diverse inhabitants. Field scientists must therefore often adapt their work to the demands and interests of local agents. I propose to address the difference between lab and field in sociological terms, as a difference in (...)
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  30. added 2015-05-16
    Hye Joo Han, Richard Schweickert, Zhuangzhuang Xi & Charles Viau‐Quesnel (2015). The Cognitive Social Network in Dreams: Transitivity, Assortativity, and Giant Component Proportion Are Monotonic. Cognitive Science 39 (4).
    For five individuals, a social network was constructed from a series of his or her dreams. Three important network measures were calculated for each network: transitivity, assortativity, and giant component proportion. These were monotonically related; over the five networks as transitivity increased, assortativity increased and giant component proportion decreased. The relations indicate that characters appear in dreams systematically. Systematicity likely arises from the dreamer's memory of people and their relations, which is from the dreamer's cognitive social network. But the dream (...)
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  31. added 2015-05-16
    Eddy J. Davelaar (2015). Semantic Search in the Remote Associates Test. Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2).
    Searching through semantic memory may involve the use of several retrieval cues. In a verbal fluency task, the set of available cues is limited and every candidate word is a target. Individuals exhibit clustering behavior as predicted by optimal foraging theory. In another semantic search task, the remote associates task , three cues are presented and a single target word has to be found. Whereas the task has been widely studied as a task of creativity or insight problem solving, in (...)
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  32. added 2015-05-15
    Rainer Bromme & Eva Thomm (2015). Knowing Who Knows: Laypersons' Capabilities to Judge Experts' Pertinence for Science Topics. Cognitive Science 39 (4).
    Because modern societies are built on elaborate divisions of cognitive labor, individuals remain laypersons in most knowledge domains. Hence, they have to rely on others' expertise when deciding on many science-related issues in private and public life. Even children already locate and discern expertise in the minds of others . This study examines how far university students accurately judge experts' pertinence for science topics even when they lack proficient knowledge of the domain. Participants judged the pertinence of experts from diverse (...)
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  33. added 2015-05-13
    Arash Eshghi & Patrick G. T. Healey (2015). Collective Contexts in Conversation: Grounding by Proxy. Cognitive Science 39 (4).
    Anecdotal evidence suggests that participants in conversation can sometimes act as a coalition. This implies a level of conversational organization in which groups of individuals form a coherent unit. This paper investigates the implications of this phenomenon for psycholinguistic and semantic models of shared context in dialog. We present a corpus study of multiparty dialog which shows that, in certain circumstances, people with different levels of overt involvement in a conversation, that is, one responding and one not, can nonetheless access (...)
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  34. added 2015-05-13
    Korneel Van Lommel (2014). Invalide soldaten in het Romeinse leger: van verwonding tot ontslag. Kleio: Tijdschrift Voor Oude Talen En Antieke Cultuur 43 (3):133-143.
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  35. added 2015-05-13
    Korneel Van Lommel (2013). I Would Rather Cut Off My Thumb: Refusal of Military Service in Ancient Rome. Ancient Warfare Magazine 7 (2):42-46.
    In the span of just a few centuries, Rome grew from a small settlement to a large empire that extended from Scotland to Mauretania and from the Iberian Peninsula to the Caspian Sea. The Roman army was a crucial factor in establishing the empire. This may give the impression that the Romans were a warlike society, where every Roman was willing to put his life on the line. However, this ideal wrongly characterizes Roman civilization. Various sources refer to young men (...)
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  36. added 2015-05-13
    Korneel Van Lommel (2013). The Terminology of the Medical Discharge and an Identity Shift Among the Roman Disabled Veterans. The Ancient History Bulletin 27:65-74.
    This article offers a new approach to the much debated terminology used in documents of causarii or soldiers who received a medical discharge (missio causaria) in the Roman army.
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  37. added 2015-05-13
    Korneel Van Lommel (2013). The Recognition of Roman Soldiers' Mental Impairment. Acta Classica: Journal of the Classical Association of South Africa 56:155-184.
    This article concerns the Roman awareness of mentally impaired soldiers. A discussion of juristic writings shows that jurists distinguished various mental difficulties a soldier suffered. They even took soldiers’ mental problems into consideration when they determined the sentence for misconduct in the military. Roman literary authors also give proof of a clear insight into the soldiers’ minds and the mental toll military service took on them. With the support of archaeological evidence, several passages of Roman literature will be discussed taking (...)
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  38. added 2015-05-13
    Korneel Van Lommel (2012). Spartaanse vrouwen. Mythevorming en uiteenlopende interpretaties. Historica: Tijdschrift van de Vereniging Voor Vrouwengeschiedenis 35 (2):9-13.
    Reeds in de oudheid was Sparta een geliefkoosd onderwerp van opmerkelijke en exotische verhalen. Dit kan gekaderd worden vanuit de concurrentie die deze Laconische1 stad voornamelijk van Athene ondervond en de conflicten die hieruit voortvloeiden. Atheners wilden zich onderscheiden van de Spartanen, wat ze onder meer deden door hun vijanden als excentriekelingen af te schilderen. Hierbij werd fantasie zelden geschuwd. Bovendien is het bronnenmateriaal uitsluitend geschreven door mannen, die een eenzijdig mannelijk beeld van de Spartaanse vrouwen ophingen. Aangezien vrouwen geen (...)
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  39. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2015). Indirect Passives and Relational Nouns (III). Keio Gijuku Daigaku Gengo Bunka Kenkyu-Sho Kiyou 46:71-110.
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  40. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2013). Indirect Passives and Relational Nouns (II). Keio Gijuku Daigaku Gengo Bunka Kenkyu-Sho Kiyou 44:21-42.
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  41. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2012). Indirect Passives and Relational Nouns (I). Keio Gijuku Daigaku Gengo Bunka Kenkyu-Sho Kiyou 43:19-42.
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  42. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2011). Japanese Passives and Quantification in Predicate Position. Philosophia Osaka 6:15-40.
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  43. added 2015-05-12
    Takashi Iida (2007). Towards a Semantics of Japanese Existential Sentences. In M. Okada (ed.), Essays in the Foundations of Logical and Phenomenological Studies (Interdisciplinary Series on Reasoning Studies, Vol. 3). Keio University. 67-96.
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  44. added 2015-05-09
    Priscilla Montez, Graham Thompson & Christopher T. Kello (2015). The Role of Semantic Clustering in Optimal Memory Foraging. Cognitive Science 39 (4):n/a-n/a.
    Recent studies of semantic memory have investigated two theories of optimal search adopted from the animal foraging literature: Lévy flights and marginal value theorem. Each theory makes different simplifying assumptions and addresses different findings in search behaviors. In this study, an experiment is conducted to test whether clustering in semantic memory may play a role in evidence for both theories. Labeled magnets and a whiteboard were used to elicit spatial representations of semantic knowledge about animals. Category recall sequences from a (...)
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  45. added 2015-05-09
    Michalle Gal (2015). Aestheticism: Deep Formalism and the Emergence of Modernist Aesthetics. Peter Lang AG.
    This book offers, for the first time in aesthetics, a comprehensive account of aestheticism of the 19<SUP>th</SUP> century as a philosophical theory of its own right. Taking philosophical and art-historical viewpoints, this cross-disciplinary book presents aestheticism as the foundational movement of modernist aesthetics of the 20<SUP>th</SUP> century. Emerging in the writings of the foremost aestheticists - Oscar Wilde, Walter Pater, James Whistler, and their formalist successors such as Clive Bell, Roger Fry, and Clement Greenberg - aestheticism offers a uniquely synthetic (...)
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  46. added 2015-05-08
    Gerhard Schurz & Paul D. Thorn (forthcoming). The Revenge of Ecological Rationality: Strategy Selection by Meta-Induction Within Changing Environments. Minds and Machines:1-29.
    ccording to the paradigm of adaptive rationality, successful inference and prediction methods tend to be local and frugal. As a complement to work within this paradigm, we investigate the problem of selecting an optimal combination of prediction methods from a given toolbox of such local methods, in the context of changing environments. These selection methods are called meta-inductive (MI) strategies, if they are based on the success-records of the toolbox-methods. No absolutely optimal MI strategy exists—a fact that we call the (...)
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  47. added 2015-05-08
    Dedre Gentner, Susan C. Levine, Raedy Ping, Ashley Isaia, Sonica Dhillon, Claire Bradley & Garrett Honke (2015). Rapid Learning in a Children's Museum Via Analogical Comparison. Cognitive Science 39 (4).
    We tested whether analogical training could help children learn a key principle of elementary engineering—namely, the use of a diagonal brace to stabilize a structure. The context for this learning was a construction activity at the Chicago Children's Museum, in which children and their families build a model skyscraper together. The results indicate that even a single brief analogical comparison can confer insight. The results also reveal conditions that support analogical learning.
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  48. added 2015-05-08
    Richard Montague (1970). English as a Formal Language. In B. Visentini (ed.), Linguaggi Nella Societ\'{a} e Nella Tecnica. Edizioni di Communita. 188-221.
    I reject the contention that an important theoretical difference exists between formal and natural languages.
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  49. added 2015-05-06
    Kaecla Raedka (2015). Interior House Design and Remodeling. Design Studies 1.
    Resource to design interior photos, home decor, decorating ideas and home professionals online.
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  50. added 2015-05-06
    Stefan L. Frank, Thijs Trompenaars & Shravan Vasishth (2015). Cross‐Linguistic Differences in Processing Double‐Embedded Relative Clauses: Working‐Memory Constraints or Language Statistics? Cognitive Science 39 (4):n/a-n/a.
    An English double-embedded relative clause from which the middle verb is omitted can often be processed more easily than its grammatical counterpart, a phenomenon known as the grammaticality illusion. This effect has been found to be reversed in German, suggesting that the illusion is language specific rather than a consequence of universal working memory constraints. We present results from three self-paced reading experiments which show that Dutch native speakers also do not show the grammaticality illusion in Dutch, whereas both German (...)
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