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  1. added 2014-07-25
    Sb, How Humor Works - A Clear Proposal for a Classic Question.
    A short, clear and complete theory that explains the origins and properties of the human humor instinct, which has been the subject of incomplete research for thousands of years. The paper's theory uses evolutionary psychology and a basic informal equation, and unites the findings of the previous theories, including explaining the logical basis behind many types of humor as well as the common sayings associated with it.
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  2. added 2014-07-23
    Susann Wagenknecht (2012). Debating Troy in the Mass Media – The Catalytic Impact of Public Controversy on Academic Discourse. In Simone Roedder Martina FranzenPeter Weingart & Peter Weingart (eds.), The Sciences’ Media Connection – Public Communication and its Repercussions. Springer. 291-306.
    he Troy controversy (2001–2005) illustrates the substantial impact of mass media on academic discourse among specialists. Triggered by a disputed exhibition, the controversy breaks out in the mass media and quickly escalates. In leading newspapers, Germany’s most renowned archeologists discuss findings and their interpretation in Troy research fiercely. The public Troy controversy is best characterized as an inter-specialist debate since lay people virtually have no say. The chapter provides an overview of the course that the public and the subsequent academic (...)
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  3. added 2014-07-18
    Robert Lane (2014). Peircean Semiotic Indeterminacy and Its Relevance for Biosemiotics. In Vinicius Romanini (ed.), Peirce and Biosemiotics.
    This chapter presents a detailed explanation of Peirce’s early and late views on semiotic indeterminacy and then considers how those views might be applied within biosemiotics. Peirce distinguished two different forms of semiotic indeterminacy: generality and vagueness. He defined each in terms of the “right” that indeterminate signs extend, either to their interpreters in the case of generality or to their utterers in the case of vagueness, to further determine their meaning. On Peirce’s view, no sign is absolutely determinate, i.e., (...)
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  4. added 2014-07-15
    Leo Obrst, Werner Ceusters, Inderjeet Mani, Steve Ray & Barry Smith (2006). The Evaluation of Ontologies: Toward Improved Semantic Interoperability. In Chris Baker & Kei H. Cheung (eds.), Semantic Web: Revolutionizing Knowledge Discovery in the Life Sciences. Springer. 139-158.
    Recent years have seen rapid progress in the development of ontologies as semantic models intended to capture and represent aspects of the real world. There is, however, great variation in the quality of ontologies. If ontologies are to become progressively better in the future, more rigorously developed, and more appropriately compared, then a systematic discipline of ontology evaluation must be created to ensure quality of content and methodology. Systematic methods for ontology evaluation will take into account representation of individual ontologies, (...)
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  5. added 2014-07-13
    Emar Maier (forthcoming). Reported Speech in the Transition From Orality to Literacy. Glotta 89 (1):1--16.
  6. added 2014-07-13
    Emar Maier (2014). Language Shifts in Free Indirect Discourse. Journal of Literary Semantics 43 (2):143--167.
    In this paper I present a linguistic investigation of the literary style known as free indirect discourse within the framework of formal semantics. I will argue that a semantics for free indirect discourse involves more than a mechanism for the independent context shifting of pronouns and other deictic elements. My argumentation is fueled by literary examples of free indirect discourse involving what I call language shifts: -/- Most of the great flame-throwers were there and naturally, handling Big John de Conquer (...)
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  7. added 2014-07-13
    D. Arsenović, N. Burić, D. M. Davidović & S. Prvanović (2014). Lagrangian Form of Schrödinger Equation. Foundations of Physics 44 (7):725-735.
    Lagrangian formulation of quantum mechanical Schrödinger equation is developed in general and illustrated in the eigenbasis of the Hamiltonian and in the coordinate representation. The Lagrangian formulation of physically plausible quantum system results in a well defined second order equation on a real vector space. The Klein–Gordon equation for a real field is shown to be the Lagrangian form of the corresponding Schrödinger equation.
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  8. added 2014-07-11
    Erin C. Tarver (2013). Signifying "Hillary&Quot;: Making (Political) Sense with Butler and Dewey. Contemporary Pragmatism 10 (2):25-47.
  9. added 2014-07-09
    Sylvia Wenmackers, Danny E. P. Vanpoucke & Igor Douven (2014). Rationality: A Social-Epistemology Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology 5 (581).
    Both in philosophy and in psychology, human rationality has traditionally been studied from an “individualistic” perspective. Recently, social epistemologists have drawn attention to the fact that epistemic interactions among agents also give rise to important questions concerning rationality. In previous work, we have used a formal model to assess the risk that a particular type of social-epistemic interactions lead agents with initially consistent belief states into inconsistent belief states. Here, we continue this work by investigating the dynamics to which these (...)
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  10. added 2014-07-01
    David Wiens, Paul Poast & William Roberts Clark (forthcoming). The Political Resource Curse: An Empirical Re-Evaluation. Political Research Quarterly.
    Extant theoretical work on the political resource curse implies that dependence on resource revenues should decrease autocracies’ likelihood of democratizing but not necessarily affect democracies’ chances of survival. Yet most previous empirical studies estimate models that are ill-suited to address this claim. We improve upon earlier studies, estimating a dynamic logit model that interacts a continuous measure of resource dependence with an indicator of regime type using data from 166 countries, covering the period from 1816-2006. We find that an increase (...)
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  11. added 2014-07-01
    John Sutton (2014). The Collaborative Emergence of Group Cognition: Commentary on Paul E. Smaldino, “The Cultural Evolution of Emergent Group-Level Traits”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):277-78.
    We extend Smaldino’s approach to collaboration and social organization in cultural evolution to include cognition. By showing how recent work on emergent group-level cognition can be incorporated within Smaldino’s framework, we extend that framework’s scope to encompass collaborative memory, decision-making, and intelligent action. We argue that beneficial effects arise only in certain forms of cognitive interdependence, in surprisingly fragile conditions.
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  12. added 2014-06-30
    Waseem Yaqoob (2014). Reconciliation and Violence: Hannah Arendt on Historical Understanding. Modern Intellectual History 11 (2):385-416.
    This essay reconstructs Hannah Arendt’s reading of Marx and Hegel in order to elucidate her critique of comprehensive philosophies of history. During the early 1950s Arendt endeavoured to develop a historical epistemology suitable to her then embryonic understanding of political action. Interpretations of her political thought either treat historical narrative as orthogonal to her central theoretical concerns, or focus on the role of “storytelling” in her writing. Both approaches underplay her serious consideration of the problem of historical understanding in the (...)
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  13. added 2014-06-28
    J. Charles Millar, John Turri & Ori Friedman (2014). For the Greater Goods? Ownership Rights and Utilitarian Moral Judgment. Cognition 133 (1):79-84.
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  14. added 2014-06-28
    John Stewart (2014). An Enquiry Concerning the Nature of Conceptual Categories: A Case-Study on the Social Dimension of Human Cognition. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  15. added 2014-06-28
    Jorie Koster-Hale, Marina Bedny & Rebecca Saxe (2014). Thinking About Seeing: Perceptual Sources of Knowledge Are Encoded in the Theory of Mind Brain Regions of Sighted and Blind Adults. Cognition 133 (1):65-78.
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  16. added 2014-06-28
    Stefano Anzellotti & Alfonso Caramazza (2014). The Neural Mechanisms for the Recognition of Face Identity in Humans. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  17. added 2014-06-28
    Arnaud Boutin, Yannick Blandin, Cristina Massen, Herbert Heuer & Arnaud Badets (2014). Conscious Awareness of Action Potentiates Sensorimotor Learning. Cognition 133 (1):1-9.
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  18. added 2014-06-28
    Bruno Gingras (2014). Individuality in Music Performance: Introduction to the Research Topic. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  19. added 2014-06-28
    Stefan Walter & Beat Meier (2014). How Important is Importance for Prospective Memory? A Review. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  20. added 2014-06-28
    Manuel C. Voelkle, Natalie C. Ebner, Ulman Lindenberger & Michaela Riediger (2014). A Note on Age Differences in Mood-Congruent Vs. Mood-Incongruent Emotion Processing in Faces. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  21. added 2014-06-28
    James White & Megha Sundara (2014). Biased Generalization of Newly Learned Phonological Alternations by 12-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 133 (1):85-90.
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  22. added 2014-06-27
    T. C. Kline & Justin Tiwald (eds.) (2014). Ritual and Religion in the Xunzi. SUNY Press.
    Xunzi, a founding figure in the Confucian tradition, is one of the world s great philosophers and theorists of religion. For much of the last century, his work has been seen largely as critical of religion, particularly the popular beliefs and invocations of supernatural forces that underpin so many religious rituals. Contributors to this volume challenge this view and offer a more sophisticated picture of Xunzi. He emerges not as critic, but rather as an adherent of religion who seeks to (...)
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  23. added 2014-06-27
    Edward B. Royzman, Justin F. Landy & Robert F. Leeman (2014). Are Thoughtful People More Utilitarian? CRT as a Unique Predictor of Moral Minimalism in the Dilemmatic Context. Cognitive Science 38 (5).
    Recent theorizing about the cognitive underpinnings of dilemmatic moral judgment has equated slow, deliberative thinking with the utilitarian disposition and fast, automatic thinking with the deontological disposition. However, evidence for the reflective utilitarian hypothesis—the hypothesized link between utilitarian judgment and individual differences in the capacity for rational reflection (gauged here by the Cognitive Reflection Test [CRT; Frederick, ]) has been inconsistent and difficult to interpret in light of several design flaws. In two studies aimed at addressing some of the flaws, (...)
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  24. added 2014-06-27
    Casey O'Callaghan (2013). Hearing, Philosophical Perspectives. In H. Pashler (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Mind. SAGE. 388-390.
    Hearing and auditory perception are rapidly developing topics in the philosophy of perception. Recent work has focused on characterizing what we hear and on similarities and differences between audition and other modalities. Future work should address how theorizing about audition impacts theorizing about perception more generally. This entry concerns questions about the objects and contents of hearing. It includes discussion of the spatial content of audition, of the role of time and pitch in the individuation of auditory objects, and of (...)
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  25. added 2014-06-27
    Ulf Hlobil, Chaturbhuj Rathore, Aley Alexander, Sankara Sarma & Kurupath Radhakrishnan (2008). Impaired Facial Emotion Recognition in Patients with Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Associated with Hippocampal Sclerosis (MTLE-HS): Side and Age at Onset Matters. Epilepsy Research 80 (2-3):150–157.
    To define the determinants of impaired facial emotion recognition (FER) in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS), we examined 76 patients with unilateral MTLE-HS, 36 prior to antero-mesial temporal lobectomy (AMTL) and 40 after AMTL, and 28 healthy control subjects with a FER test consisting of 60 items (20 each for anger, fear, and happiness). Mean percentages of the accurate responses were calculated for different subgroups: right vs. left MTLE-HS, early (age at onset <6 years) (...)
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  26. added 2014-06-26
    Paul D. Siakaluk, Nathan Knol & Penny M. Pexman (2014). Effects of Emotional Experience for Abstract Words in the Stroop Task. Cognitive Science 38 (5).
    In this study, we examined the effects of emotional experience, a relatively new dimension of emotional knowledge that gauges the ease with which words evoke emotional experience, on abstract word processing in the Stroop task. In order to test the context-dependency of these effects, we accentuated the saliency of this dimension in Experiment 1A by blocking the stimuli such that one block consisted of the stimuli with the highest emotional experience ratings and the other block consisted of the stimuli with (...)
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  27. added 2014-06-25
    Renee Timmers, Satoshi Endo, Adrian Bradbury & Alan M. Wing (2014). Synchronization and Leadership in String Quartet Performance: A Case Study of Auditory and Visual Cues. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  28. added 2014-06-25
    Saleh Moradi, Ali A. Nima, Max Rapp Ricciardi, Trevor Archer & Danilo Garcia (2014). Exercise, Character Strengths, Well-Being, and Learning Climate in the Prediction of Performance Over a 6-Month Period at a Call Center. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  29. added 2014-06-25
    Darrell A. Worthy, Kaileigh A. Byrne & Sherecce Fields (2014). Effects of Emotion on Prospection During Decision-Making. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  30. added 2014-06-25
    Thomas V. Pollet (2014). A Re-Analysis of the Relationship Between €Œparasite Stress” and Authoritarianism. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  31. added 2014-06-25
    LaShonda M. Stewart, Steven A. Miller, R. W. Hildreth & Maja V. Wright-Phillips (2014). Participatory Budgeting in the United States: A Preliminary Analysis of Chicago's 49th Ward Experiment. New Political Science 36 (2):193-218.
    This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the first participatory budgeting experiment in the United States, in Chicago's 49th Ward. There are two avenues of inquiry: First, does participatory budgeting result in different budgetary priorities than standard practices? Second, do projects meet normative social justice outcomes? It is clear that allowing citizens to determine municipal budget projects results in very different outcomes than standard procedures. Importantly, citizens in the 49th Ward consistently choose projects that the research literature classifies as low (...)
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  32. added 2014-06-25
    Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson, Jodi R. Smith & John P. Spencer (2014). Non‐Bayesian Noun Generalization in 3‐ to 5‐Year‐Old Children: Probing the Role of Prior Knowledge in the Suspicious Coincidence Effect. [REVIEW] Cognitive Science 38 (5).
    It is unclear how children learn labels for multiple overlapping categories such as “Labrador,” “dog,” and “animal.” Xu and Tenenbaum () suggested that learners infer correct meanings with the help of Bayesian inference. They instantiated these claims in a Bayesian model, which they tested with preschoolers and adults. Here, we report data testing a developmental prediction of the Bayesian model—that more knowledge should lead to narrower category inferences when presented with multiple subordinate exemplars. Two experiments did not support this prediction. (...)
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  33. added 2014-06-25
    Kirsten Jacobson (2012). Heidegger, Winnicott, and The Velveteen Rabbit: Anxiety, Toys, and the Drama of Metaphysics. In Peter Costello (ed.), Philosophy in Children's Literature. Lexington Books. 1-20.
  34. added 2014-06-24
    Stan Klein (forthcoming). What Memory Is. WIREs Cognitive Science.
    I argue that our current practice of ascribing the term “memory” to mental states and processes lacks epistemic warrant. Memory, according to the “received view”, is any state or process that results from the sequential stages of encoding, storage and retrieval. By these criteria, memory, or its footprint, can be seen in virtually every mental state we are capable of having. This, I argue, stretches the term to the breaking point. I draw on phenomenological, historical and conceptual considerations to make (...)
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  35. added 2014-06-24
    John Klasios (2014). The Evolutionary Psychology of Human Mating: A Response to Buller's Critique. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:1-11.
    In this paper, I critique arguments made by philosopher David Buller against central evolutionary-psychological explanations of human mating. Specifically, I aim to rebut his criticisms of Evolutionary Psychology regarding (1) women's long-term mating preferences for high-status men; (2) the evolutionary rationale behind men's provisioning of women; (3) men's mating preferences for young women; (4) women's adaptation for extra-pair sex; (5) the sex-differentiated evolutionary theory of human jealousy; and (6) the notion of mate value. In sum, I aim to demonstrate that (...)
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  36. added 2014-06-23
    Russell Ford (2013). Dead Letters. LIT: Literature Interpretation Theory 24 (4):299-317.
  37. added 2014-06-22
    Maurício Dias Martins, Sabine Laaha, Eva Maria Freiberger, Soonja Choi & W. Tecumseh Fitch (2014). How Children Perceive Fractals: Hierarchical Self-Similarity and Cognitive Development. Cognition 133 (1):10-24.
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  38. added 2014-06-22
    Andrea Antal, Géza Gergely Ambrus & Leila Chaieb (2014). Toward Unraveling Reading–Related Modulations of tDCS–Induced Neuroplasticity in the Human Visual Cortex. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  39. added 2014-06-22
    Matthias Mittner, Jörg Behrendt, Uwe Menge, Cora Titz & Marcus Hasselhorn (2014). Response-Retrieval in Identity Negative Priming is Modulated by Temporal Discriminability. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  40. added 2014-06-22
    Jon A. Willits, Mark S. Seidenberg & Jenny R. Saffran (2014). Distributional Structure in Language: Contributions to Noun–Verb Difficulty Differences in Infant Word Recognition. Cognition 132 (3):429-436.
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  41. added 2014-06-22
    Anuenue Kukona, Gerry T. M. Altmann & Yuki Kamide (2014). Knowing What, Where, and When: Event Comprehension in Language Processing. Cognition 133 (1):25-31.
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  42. added 2014-06-22
    Yvette N. Lamb, John M. D. Thompson, Rinki Murphy, Clare Wall, Ian J. Kirk, Angharad R. Morgan, Lynnette R. Ferguson, Edwin A. Mitchell & Karen E. Waldie (2014). Perceived Stress During Pregnancy and the Catechol-O-Methyltransferase (COMT) Rs165599 Polymorphism Impacts on Childhood IQ. Cognition 132 (3):461-470.
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  43. added 2014-06-22
    Lee C. White, Emmanuel M. Pothos & Jerome R. Busemeyer (2014). Sometimes It Does Hurt to Ask: The Constructive Role of Articulating Impressions. Cognition 133 (1):48-64.
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  44. added 2014-06-22
    Grayden J. F. Solman & Alan Kingstone (2014). Balancing Energetic and Cognitive Resources: Memory Use During Search Depends on the Orienting Effector. Cognition 132 (3):443-454.
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  45. added 2014-06-22
    David G. Pearson, Keira Ball & Daniel T. Smith (2014). Oculomotor Preparation as a Rehearsal Mechanism in Spatial Working Memory. Cognition 132 (3):416-428.
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  46. added 2014-06-22
    Philippe Rochat, Erin Robbins, Claudia Passos-Ferreira, Angela Donato Oliva, Maria D. G. Dias & Liping Guo (2014). Ownership Reasoning in Children Across Cultures. Cognition 132 (3):471-484.
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  47. added 2014-06-22
    Brenda L. Connors, Richard Rende & Timothy J. Colton (2014). Inter-Rater Reliability for Movement Pattern Analysis (MPA): Measuring Patterning of Behaviors Versus Discrete Behavior Counts as Indicators of Decision-Making Style. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  48. added 2014-06-22
    Dana Schneider, Zoie E. Nott & Paul E. Dux (2014). Task Instructions and Implicit Theory of Mind. Cognition 133 (1):43-47.
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  49. added 2014-06-22
    Timothy N. Welsh, Laura McDougall & Stephanie Paulson (2014). The Personification of Animals: Coding of Human and Nonhuman Body Parts Based on Posture and Function. Cognition 132 (3):398-415.
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  50. added 2014-06-22
    Philip J. James, Saloni Krishnan & Jennifer Aydelott (2014). Working Memory Predicts Semantic Comprehension in Dichotic Listening in Older Adults. Cognition 133 (1):32-42.
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