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  1. added 2015-04-20
    F. Aveling (1931). Review of Pleasure and Instinct by Allen. [REVIEW] Philosophy 6 (22):267-268.
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  2. added 2015-04-19
    Benjamin D. Young (2014). Smelling Phenomenal. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    Qualitative-consciousness arises at the sensory level of olfactory processing and pervades our experience of smells to the extent that qualitative character is maintained whenever we are aware of undergoing an olfactory experience. Building upon the distinction between Access and Phenomenal Consciousness the paper offers a nuanced distinction between Awareness and Qualitative-consciousness that is applicable to olfaction in a manner that is conceptual precise and empirically viable. Mounting empirical research is offered substantiating the applicability of the distinction to olfaction and showing (...)
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  3. added 2015-04-17
    Marc Champagne, Reply to My Commentator. Argument Cultures: Proceedings of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
  4. added 2015-04-17
    Rodney Needham (1962). Structure and Sentiment a Test Case in Social Anthropology. University of Chicago Press.
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  5. added 2015-04-17
    A. R. Radcliffe-Brown (1940). On Social Structure. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 70 (1).
    Advocates anthropology as a science focused on social structure.
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  6. added 2015-04-16
    Alexandra Bradner (2015). How to Teach Philosophy of Science. Teaching Philosophy 38 (2):169-192.
    Philosophy of science is a challenging course to teach. This paper offers suggestions for early-, middle- and late-career professors who teach philosophy of science at the undergraduate or graduate level. The advantages and disadvantages of four different course designs are discussed, and a list of possible syllabus topics is presented. The paper encourages a thoroughgoing approach to inclusive pedagogy: it recommends that we look for ways to highlight a range of underrepresented voices throughout the semester, instead of tacking on one (...)
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  7. added 2015-04-16
    John Bell (1979). BARWISE, J.: "Handbook of Mathematical Logic". [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30:306.
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  8. added 2015-04-16
    J. L. Bell (1972). STEEN, S. W. P. "Mathematical Logic: With Special Reference to the Natural Numbers". [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 23:363.
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  9. added 2015-04-15
    S. Andreski (1973). The Social Sciences as Sorcery. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (2):193-199.
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  10. added 2015-04-14
    Paola Escudero, Karen E. Mulak & Haley A. Vlach (2015). Cross‐Situational Learning of Minimal Word Pairs. Cognitive Science 39 (3).
    Cross-situational statistical learning of words involves tracking co-occurrences of auditory words and objects across time to infer word-referent mappings. Previous research has demonstrated that learners can infer referents across sets of very phonologically distinct words , but it remains unknown whether learners can encode fine phonological differences during cross-situational statistical learning. This study examined learners’ cross-situational statistical learning of minimal pairs that differed on one consonant segment , minimal pairs that differed on one vowel segment , and non-minimal pairs that (...)
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  11. added 2015-04-12
    Marco Solinas (2015). From Aristotle’s Teleology to Darwin’s Genealogy: The Stamp of Inutility, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Starting with Aristotle and moving on to Darwin, Marco Solinas outlines the basic steps from the birth, establishment and later rebirth of the traditional view of living beings, and its overturning by evolutionary revolution. The classic framework devised by Aristotle was still dominant in the 17th Century world of Galileo, Harvey and Ray, and remained hegemonic until the time of Lamarck and Cuvier in the 19th Century. Darwin's breakthrough thus takes on the dimensions of an abandonment of the traditional finalistic (...)
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  12. added 2015-04-12
    Claude Mangion (2011). Philosophical Approaches to Communication. Intellect.
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  13. added 2015-04-11
    Sergeiy Sandler (forthcoming). Fictive Interaction and the Nature of Linguistic Meaning. In Esther Pascual & Sergeiy Sandler (eds.), The conversation frame: Forms and functions of fictive interaction. John Benjamins.
    One may distinguish between three broad conceptions of linguistic meaning. One conception, which I will call “logical”, views meaning as given in reference (for words) and truth (for sentences). Another conception, the “monological” one, seeks meaning in the cognitive capacities of the single mind. A third, “dialogical”, conception attributes meaning to interaction between individuals and personal perspectives. In this chapter I directly contrast how well these three approaches deal with the evidence brought forth by fictive interaction. I examine instances of (...)
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  14. added 2015-04-11
    Amy M. Guthormsen, Kristie J. Fisher, Miriam Bassok, Lee Osterhout, Melissa DeWolf & Keith J. Holyoak (2015). Conceptual Integration of Arithmetic Operations With Real‐World Knowledge: Evidence From Event‐Related Potentials. Cognitive Science 39 (3):n/a-n/a.
    Research on language processing has shown that the disruption of conceptual integration gives rise to specific patterns of event-related brain potentials —N400 and P600 effects. Here, we report similar ERP effects when adults performed cross-domain conceptual integration of analogous semantic and mathematical relations. In a problem-solving task, when participants generated labeled answers to semantically aligned and misaligned arithmetic problems , the second object label in misaligned problems yielded an N400 effect for addition problems. In a verification task, when participants judged (...)
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  15. added 2015-04-11
    Helen Fischer & Cleotilde Gonzalez (2015). Making Sense of Dynamic Systems: How Our Understanding of Stocks and Flows Depends on a Global Perspective. Cognitive Science 39 (3):n/a-n/a.
    Stocks and flows are building blocks of dynamic systems: Stocks change through inflows and outflows, such as our bank balance changing with withdrawals and deposits, or atmospheric CO2 with absorptions and emissions. However, people make systematic errors when trying to infer the behavior of dynamic systems, termed SF failure, whose cognitive explanations are yet unknown. We argue that SF failure appears when people focus on specific system elements , rather than on the system structure and gestalt . Using a standard (...)
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  16. added 2015-04-09
    Deena Skolnick Weisberg & Alison Gopnik (2015). Which Counterfactuals Matter? A Response to Beck. Cognitive Science 39 (3):n/a-n/a.
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  17. added 2015-04-09
    Sarah R. Beck (2015). Counterfactuals Matter: A Reply to Weisberg & Gopnik. Cognitive Science 39 (3).
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  18. added 2015-04-09
    Benjamin Swets & Christopher A. Kurby (2015). Eye Movements Reveal the Influence of Event Structure on Reading Behavior. Cognitive Science 39 (3).
    When we read narrative texts such as novels and newspaper articles, we segment information presented in such texts into discrete events, with distinct boundaries between those events. But do our eyes reflect this event structure while reading? This study examines whether eye movements during the reading of discourse reveal how readers respond online to event structure. Participants read narrative passages as we monitored their eye movements. Several measures revealed that event structure predicted eye movements. In two experiments, we found that (...)
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  19. added 2015-04-07
    Michael S. C. Thomas, Neil A. Forrester & Angelica Ronald (2015). Multiscale Modeling of Gene–Behavior Associations in an Artificial Neural Network Model of Cognitive Development. Cognitive Science 39 (3).
    In the multidisciplinary field of developmental cognitive neuroscience, statistical associations between levels of description play an increasingly important role. One example of such associations is the observation of correlations between relatively common gene variants and individual differences in behavior. It is perhaps surprising that such associations can be detected despite the remoteness of these levels of description, and the fact that behavior is the outcome of an extended developmental process involving interaction of the whole organism with a variable environment. Given (...)
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  20. added 2015-04-06
    Stan Klein & Chloe Steindam (forthcoming). The Role of Subjective Temporality in Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel. In Klein & Szpunar Michaelian (ed.), Seeing the Future: Theoretical Perspectives on Future-Oriented Mental Time Travel. Oxford University Press.
    In this chapter we examine the tendency to view future-oriented mental time travel (FMTT) as a unitary faculty that, despite task-driven surface variation, ultimately reduces to a common phenomenological state (supported primarily by episodic memory). We review evidence that FMTT is neither unitary nor beholden to episodic memory: Rather, it is varied both in its memorial underpinnings and experiential realization. We conclude that the phenomenological diversity characterizing FMTT is dependent not on the type of memory (i.e., episodic versus semantic) activated (...)
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  21. added 2015-04-06
    Kelly C. Smith (2015). Ethics is Not Rocket Science: How to Have Ethical Discussions in Your Science Class. Journal of Microbiology and Biology Education 15 (12):201-07.
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  22. added 2015-04-05
    Sarah R. Beck (2015). Why What Is Counterfactual Really Matters: A Response to Weisberg and Gopnik (). Cognitive Science 39 (2).
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  23. added 2015-04-05
    Sarah C. Creel (2015). Ups and Downs in Auditory Development: Preschoolers’ Sensitivity to Pitch Contour and Timbre. Cognitive Science 39 (2).
    Much research has explored developing sound representations in language, but less work addresses developing representations of other sound patterns. This study examined preschool children's musical representations using two different tasks: discrimination and sound–picture association. Melodic contour—a musically relevant property—and instrumental timbre, which is less musically relevant, were tested. In Experiment 1, children failed to associate cartoon characters to melodies with maximally different pitch contours, with no advantage for melody preexposure. Experiment 2 also used different-contour melodies and found good discrimination, whereas (...)
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  24. added 2015-04-05
    T. Adorno, Glyn Adey & David Frisby (1983). The Positivist Dispute in German Sociology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (2):173-175.
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  25. added 2015-04-05
    Russell L. Ackoff (1955). The Design of Social Research. Philosophy of Science 22 (1):65-65.
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  26. added 2015-04-05
    Obdulio Banda (1,997). El Medio Natural y la Persona. Reflexión y Crítica.
    Nature has an intrinsic value. The environmental catastrophe is explained by the irrationality of homo sapiens.
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  27. added 2015-04-04
    Eldad Yechiam, Matan Retzer, Ariel Telpaz & Guy Hochman (2015). Losses as Ecological Guides: Minor Losses Lead to Maximization and Not to Avoidance. Cognition 139:10-17.
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  28. added 2015-04-04
    Jakub Ryszard Matyja (2015). Mearleau-Ponty Meets Enactivism. A Book Review. [REVIEW] Avant. The Journal of the Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard (3):160-163.
    A book review of 'The Intercorporeal Self. Merleau-Ponty on Subjectivity'.
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  29. added 2015-04-04
    Jakub Ryszard Matyja (2015). Philosophy of the Performing Arts. A Book Review. [REVIEW] Avant. The Journal of the Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard (3):164-166.
    A book review of 'Philosophy of the Performing Arts'.
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  30. added 2015-04-04
    Robert M. French & Elizabeth Thomas (2015). Interactive Effects of Explicit Emergent Structure: A Major Challenge for Cognitive Computational Modeling. Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (1).
    David Marr's three-level analysis of computational cognition argues for three distinct levels of cognitive information processing—namely, the computational, representational, and implementational levels. But Marr's levels are—and were meant to be—descriptive, rather than interactive and dynamic. For this reason, we suggest that, had Marr been writing today, he might well have gone even farther in his analysis, including the emergence of structure—in particular, explicit structure at the conceptual level—from lower levels, and the effect of explicit emergent structures on the level that (...)
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  31. added 2015-04-04
    Przemysław Nowakowski (2015). On Embodiment in Predictions. A Book Review. [REVIEW] Avant. The Journal of the Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard (3):155-159.
  32. added 2015-04-04
    Rick A. Adams, Harriet R. Brown & Karl J. Friston (2015). Bayesian Inference, Predictive Coding and Delusions. Avant. The Journal of the Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard (3):51-88.
    This paper considers psychotic symptoms in terms of false inferences or beliefs. It is based on the notion that the brain is an organ of inference that actively constructs hypotheses to explain or predict its sensations. This perspective provides a normative (Bayes optimal) account of action and perception that emphasises probabilistic representations; in particular, the confidence or precision of beliefs about the world. We consider sensory attenuation deficits, catatonia and delusions as various expressions of the same core pathology: namely, an (...)
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  33. added 2015-04-04
    Jakob Hohwy (2015). Reflections on Predictive Processing and the Mind. An Interview. Avant. The Journal of the Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard (3):145-152.
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  34. added 2015-04-04
    Garry Young (2015). Amending the Revisionist Model of the Capgras Delusion: A Further Argument for the Role of Patient Experience in Delusional Belief Formation. Avant. The Journal of the Philosophical-Interdisciplinary Vanguard (3):89-112.
    Recent papers on the Capgras delusion have focused on the role played by subpersonal abductive inference in the formation and maintenance of the delusional belief. In these accounts, the delusional belief is posited as the first delusion-related event of which the patient is conscious. As a consequence, an explanatory role for anomalous patient experience is denied. The aim of this paper is to challenge this revisionist position and to integrate subpersonal inference within a model of the Capgras delusion which includes (...)
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  35. added 2015-04-03
    Robert J. O'Hara (2007). Essay-Review of Valentine's 'On the Origin of Phyla'. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (1): 109–112.
    James Valentine's "On the Origin of Phyla" is divided into three main sections: "Evidence of the Origins of Metazoan Phyla," "The Metazoan Phyla," and "The Evolution of the Phyla." The second section is the zoological core of the book, a more or less conventional treatment of major animal taxa, arranged in chain-of-being fashion from sponges to cnidarians to "worms" of many kinds, and so onward to arthropods, echinoderms, chordates, and all others in between. Philosophically inclined readers will be most interested (...)
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  36. added 2015-04-01
    Bradley C. Love (2015). The Algorithmic Level Is the Bridge Between Computation and Brain. Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (1).
    Every scientist chooses a preferred level of analysis and this choice shapes the research program, even determining what counts as evidence. This contribution revisits Marr's three levels of analysis and evaluates the prospect of making progress at each individual level. After reviewing limitations of theorizing within a level, two strategies for integration across levels are considered. One is top–down in that it attempts to build a bridge from the computational to algorithmic level. Limitations of this approach include insufficient theoretical constraint (...)
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  37. added 2015-04-01
    A. Mike Burton, Robin S. S. Kramer, Kay L. Ritchie & Rob Jenkins (2015). Identity From Variation: Representations of Faces Derived From Multiple Instances. Cognitive Science 39 (3):n/a-n/a.
    Research in face recognition has tended to focus on discriminating between individuals, or “telling people apart.” It has recently become clear that it is also necessary to understand how images of the same person can vary, or “telling people together.” Learning a new face, and tracking its representation as it changes from unfamiliar to familiar, involves an abstraction of the variability in different images of that person's face. Here, we present an application of principal components analysis computed across different photos (...)
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  38. added 2015-04-01
    Pavel Logačev & Shravan Vasishth (2015). A Multiple‐Channel Model of Task‐Dependent Ambiguity Resolution in Sentence Comprehension. Cognitive Science 39 (3).
    Traxler, Pickering, and Clifton found that ambiguous sentences are read faster than their unambiguous counterparts. This so-called ambiguity advantage has presented a major challenge to classical theories of human sentence comprehension because its most prominent explanation, in the form of the unrestricted race model , assumes that parsing is non-deterministic. Recently, Swets, Desmet, Clifton, and Ferreira have challenged the URM. They argue that readers strategically underspecify the representation of ambiguous sentences to save time, unless disambiguation is required by task demands. (...)
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  39. added 2015-03-31
    John Corcoran (2014). Meanings of Hypothesis. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):348-9.
    The primary sense of the word ‘hypothesis’ in modern colloquial English includes “proposition not yet settled” or “open question”. Its opposite is ‘fact’ in the sense of “proposition widely known to be true”. People are amazed that Plato [1, p. 1684] and Aristotle [Post. An. I.2 72a14–24, quoted below] used the Greek form of the word for indemonstrable first principles [sc. axioms] in general or for certain kinds of axioms. These two facts create the paradoxical situation that in many cases (...)
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  40. added 2015-03-29
    Małgorzata Haładewicz-Grzelak (2015). Saussure's Équivalence Sémiologique in the Case Study of Czech Sonants. Semiotica 2015 (204):361-390.
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  41. added 2015-03-29
    Susan Petrilli (2015). Language, Communication, and Speech: Human Signs in Global Semiosis. Semiotica 2015 (204):173-237.
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  42. added 2015-03-29
    Dimitar Trendafilov (2015). Chasing the Myth: A Harley-Davidson Story. Semiotica 2015 (204):315-339.
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  43. added 2015-03-29
    Geoffrey Beattie & Laura McGuire (2015). Harnessing the Unconscious Mind of the Consumer: How Implicit Attitudes Predict Pre-Conscious Visual Attention to Carbon Footprint Information on Products. Semiotica 2015 (204):253-290.
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  44. added 2015-03-29
    Li Li (2015). A Semiotic Study on Modality in Chinese Criminal Law and its English Version. Semiotica 2015 (204):391-417.
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  45. added 2015-03-29
    Janet H. Hsiao & Kit Cheung (2015). Visual Similarity of Words Alone Can Modulate Hemispheric Lateralization in Visual Word Recognition: Evidence From Modeling Chinese Character Recognition. Cognitive Science 39 (3):n/a-n/a.
    In Chinese orthography, the most common character structure consists of a semantic radical on the left and a phonetic radical on the right ; the minority, opposite arrangement also exists . Recent studies showed that SP character processing is more left hemisphere lateralized than PS character processing. Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether this is due to phonetic radical position or character type frequency. Through computational modeling with artificial lexicons, in which we implement a theory of hemispheric asymmetry in perception but (...)
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  46. added 2015-03-29
    Isaac E. Catt (2015). Communicology and Human Conduct: An Essay Dedicated to Max. Semiotica 2015 (204):341-360.
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  47. added 2015-03-29
    Inna Semetsky (2015). Reading Deleuze Through the Lens of Hermeticism. Semiotica 2015 (204):429-435.
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  48. added 2015-03-29
    Mitchell Wong & Marcel Danesi (2015). Color, Shape, and Sound: A Proposed System of Music Notation. Semiotica 2015 (204):419-428.
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  49. added 2015-03-29
    Michael Betancourt (2015). The Calligram and the Title Card. Semiotica 2015 (204):239-252.
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  50. added 2015-03-29
    Maximiliane Frobenius & Richard Harper (2015). Tying in Comment Sections: The Production of Meaning and Sense on Facebook. Semiotica 2015 (204):121-143.
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